Salt Lake Daily Reporter: The John Hanson Beadle Issues

Reporter issues published in Great Salt Lake City
(May - Oct. 1868)

(Oct.-Dec. 1868)
10 20 '68  |  10 21 '68  |  10 22 '68  |  10 23 '68  |  10 24 '68  |  10 25 '68  |  10 27 '68  |  10 28 '68  |  10 29 '68  |  10 30 '68
10 31 '68  |  11 01 '68  |  11 03 '68  |  11 04 '68  |  11 05 '68  |  11 06 '68  |  11 07 '68  |  11 08 '68  |  11 10 '68  |  11 11 '68
11 15 '68  |  11 18 '68  |  11 19 '68  |  11 21 '68  |  11 22 '68  |  11 24 '68  |  11 25 '68  |  11 26 '68  |  11 27 '68  |  11 28 '68
11 29 '68  |  12 01 '68  |  12 02 '68  |  12 03 '68  |  12 04 '68  |  12 05 '68  |  12 06 '68  |  12 08 '68  |  12 09 '68  |  12 10 '68
12 11 '68  |  12 12 '68  |  12 13 '68  |  12 15 '68  |  12 16 '68  |  12 17 '68  |  12 18 '68  |  12 19 '68  |  12 20 '68  |  12 22 '68
12 23 '68  |  12 24 '68  |  12 25 '68  |  12 26 '68  |  12 27 '68  |  12 29 '68  |  12 30 '68  |  12 31 '68

(Jan-Feb. 1869)
01 01 '69  |  01 02 '69  |  01 03 '69  |  01 05 '69  |  01 06 '69  |  01 07 '69  |  01 08 '69  |  01 09 '69  |  01 10 '69  |  01 12 '69
01 13 '69  |  01 14 '69  |  01 15 '69  |  01 16 '69  |  01 17 '69  |  01 19 '69  |  01 20 '69  |  01 21 '69  |  01 22 '69  |  01 23 '69
01 24 '69  |  01 26 '69  |  01 27 '69  |  01 28 '69  |  01 29 '69  |  01 30 '69  |  01 31 '69  |  02 02 '69  |  02 03 '69  |  02 04 '69
02 05 '69  |  02 06 '69  |  02 07 '69  |  02 09 '69  |  02 10 '69  |  02 11 '69  |  02 12 '69  |  02 13 '69w  |  02 14 '69  |  02 16 '69
02 17 '69  |  02 18 '69  |  02 19 '69  |  02 20 '69w  |  02 21 '69  |  02 23 '69  |  02 24 '69  |  02 25 '69  |  02 26 '69  |  02 27 '69w
02 28 '69

(Mar-Apr. 1869)
03 02 '69  |  03 03 '69  |  03 04 '69  |  03 05 '69  |  03 06 '69  |  03 06 '69w  |  03 07 '69  |  03 09 '69  |  03 10 '69  |  03 11 '69
03 12 '69  |  03 13 '69w  |  03 14 '69  |  03 16 '69  |  03 17 '69  |  03 18 '69  |  03 19 '69  |  03 20 '69w  |  03 27 '69w  |  04 01 '69
04 02 '69  |  04 03 '69  |  04 04 '69  |  04 06 '69  |  04 07 '69  |  04 08 '69  |  04 09 '69  |  04 10 '69w  |  04 10 '69

(Reporter issues published in Corinne: Apr. 1869-Dec. 1870)   |   (Reporter issues published in Corinne: Jan. 1871-Oct. 1873)

Salt Lake Union Vedette   |   Cincinnati Commercial   |   Salt Lake Tribune   |   Mountain Meadows
Library Home Page   |    J. H. Beadle Biographical Sketches   |    Reporting About J. H. Beadle   |    Hollister articles

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, October 20, 1868.                                  No. 133.

AN EXPLANATION. -- We are back in our quarters in the bank building, and glad of it. The thing came about in this wise: As our readers know, the Messrs Walker Bros. own the building and had made arrangements to alter it very materially and occupy it as a store, but last week they changed their plans and concluded to stay with their store where they are now and re-rent this building. Under this new arrangement the Miners National Bank remains where it is, and Messrs Gilbert & Co., will occupy the room formerly occupied by Hussey & Dahler. The room we occupy was included in Messrs. Gilbert & Co's lease and we sublet it from them. We were only partially moved when we were notified that we could have this place again and we lost no time in bringing back what had been taken away. We now again fling our banner to the breeze from the old battlements.

Under the circumstances we may be allowed to congratulate ourselves upon the size and appearance of the Reporter this morning. Its mechanical appearance, we flatter ourselves, will command the admiration of our cotems and the public. The increase in size has not been a great deal. In this respect we would have been glad to do better; however we shall soon gratify our friends in that also. On the first of December next we will swing out a sheet double the present size of this. The change from an evening to a morning paper will meet with the approbation of all.

The services of a gentleman recently from the East, who drives a glib and pungent quill, have been secured upon the Reporter. Through him, and with the assistance of other able help, which we will soon have in the literary department, our friends may rest assured that the Reporter will be as readable and as racy as they could desire it. All we ask of each one, who wishes the paper well, is to contribute his share, whether it be large or small, to its support, and we promise faithfully they shall have their money back. We intend the Reporter shall pay its friends as well as the publishers.



To-day, after a slight suspension the Reporter is again issued in a new form and somewhat enlarged, and we take this occasion to set forth at length the views and policy which are to govern us. In the future as in the past the main object shall be "the greatest good of the greatest number," to prove of advantage to Utah and all her good citizens without regard to nativity, politics or religion. In pursuing this object we will be directed by a certain set of fixed principles, the result of earnest thought and firm conviction on our part.

We receive our principles from three sources, the Bible, the Constitution and the teachings of history. From the first we learn justice, magnanimity and forbearance towards friend and foe, to be bold in speaking the truth at all times and to defend our principles if needs be with our life. The Constitution of the United States, the spirit of American institutions and the teachings of history have established one set of principles pre-eminently; no union of Church and State; no government by a hierarchy; no interference of a priesthood in temporal affairs. Such unions have ever proved hostile to the interests of humanity and unchecked have sooner or later resulted in the destruction of civil liberty. This we hold and teach. From the same source we learn to uphold the utmost freedom of all forms of religion under the law. Let a man believe in and worship what he will, so long as he violates no law. This right exists for one and for all, for the Mormon in New York city, and equally for the Gentile in Salt Lake city. But no religion can confer a right to violate a law. The Hindoos are at liberty to form a colony here, to sacrifice to Brahma and kneel to Siva, but not to burn widows or throw infants to river monsters. Our laws forbid murder. The Turk may have his mosque in the shadow of the Capital, but not his harem of wives and female slaves. Our institutions recognize woman as the companion and equal of man, not as his instrument or slave. All discussions in the Reporter shall have reference to purely temporal affairs. We claim no right to interfere with any man's convictions, but labor solely for what we consider the best interests of the Territory and the people. The utmot liberty of discussion is guaranteed to us by our Constitution and that right we propose to exercise to its fullest extent, being responsible only for its abuse. The citizen of Utah has this right in Boston and in its exercise may claim the protection of a just government, and any citizen of the country may with equal propriety speak, write or publish any or all his views in this city and call upon the same power for protection. No local sovereignty, church or society need solace itself with expectation to choke sown free discussion, and drive from the land all who dissent from its peculiar views. If any citizen of the East has opinions to offer, let him offer them: if any man rising up in the valleys of Utah has a reply to make, let him make it.

An institution that cannot be discussed is unfit to exist. That which cannot be talked about must pass away. Seclusion and the suppression of the truth will not avail to protect an institution that is at war with the age. History teaches us that the system of society sought to be set up here is false in theory and degrading in practice, and we shall ever so hold and teach. The object of this paper is to serve as the nucleus of a truly American sentiment, to pioneer the advancing ideas of enlightenment which are destined to regenerate this city and Territory, to strengthen the hands and encourage the hearts of the good and true, and act as the organ of a reformed public opinion. For many years this region was of interest only as the domain of a peculiar sect, now it is something more. It has a commercial value which is destined to work a complete change in its social and political status. This is to be an important point on the "highway of nations," the great inter-oceanic railway. Experience has shown that long lines of railway must have stopping places for round-houses, turn-tables and repair shops at least once in five hundred miles. Between the Misssouri River and the Sierra Nevada, there must be two important points for commerce, repairs and manufactures. The first of these must be in the neighborhood of the Black Hills, at Cheyenne or Laramie, and what place so fitting for the second as in this valley. Here God and nature have piled up in profusion all the materials for such an interest; coal, iron and timber, awaiting the day when occasion should arise for their use. Here is a soilwhich with little irrigation cheaply procured, is made the most productive in the world. It is capable of producing all the necessaries and many of the luxuries of life. Here is unlimited water power as yet unemployed, and here too are hot and chemical springs, for the healing of the nations, which with better facilities for travel, will draw hither thousands of seekers after health and pleasure. Add to these the charms of magnificent natural scenery, an unequaled climate and air and water, pure, sweet and life-inspiring, and is it not folly to imagine that any one sect or class can hold this valley against the advancing tide of empire rolling westward. We have the good of the poorest Mormon at heart, and fight only against the despotism that is sought to be fastened upon this region. In all moderation, in all charity, in all kindness of feeling towards those who difffer from us, we shall advocate our views with the conscious assurance of right. We do not court violence, nor fear it. If it is attempted, we shall defend ourselves with whatever physical ability we can command, and leave the result in His hands, Who has promised to sustain the right.

With all zeal of mind and with temperance of language, we shall advance our views regardless of whom they may offend, and unrestrained by any threats to silence us.

On Wednesday evening last a painful occurrence took place in this city, which it is our unpleasant duty to expose to the public. On that evening "Bill" Hyde, one of the policemen of this city, arrested a man about sixty years of age for drunkenness. From the best of sources we learn that the man was not very drunk, and that he had made but little noise. On the way to the lock-up the old man became unwilling to proceed and a scuffle took place, in which Hyde beat his prisoner most cruelly -- so cruelly that his life was dispaired of from its effects -- in fact, if was rumored on the street next morning that the old man was dead. At first Hyde used only his fists to pummel his victim, but after a while, and after the old man had ceased to resist, Hyde put on a pair of brass knuckles and beat him about the skull and temples, inflicting ghastly and dangerous wounds. When the bystanders interfered and requested Hyde to desist, he told them they would receive some of the same if they did not "shut up." When it is known that Hyde is a powerful young man, measuring over six feet and weighing at least two hundred and twenty-five pounds, the brutal cruelty of the thing is apparent. In any other community, Hyde would be dismissed from service and punished severely. We are glad to say the old man is recovering from his wounds.

TIGHTENING THE HOOPS. -- Several years ago, a member of the Mormon church, residing in this Territory, had a dream in which he saw the leaders of the Mormon church engaged in driving hoops upon a barrel. Each hoop was smaller, and consequently, tighter than the preceeding one, and finally, so great became the strain, the hoops burst and the barrel went to pieces. That dream was published at the time and but little regard was taken of its significance. It certainly seems now as if the dream was in process of fulfillment. The people are complaining bitterly that the Mormon leaders are driving the hoops tighter, while many are bold enough to assert that in a short time the barrel will be smashed to pieces.

At one of the meetings during the recent Mormon Conference in this city, Brigham called for a vote of the people upon some subject, about which he had been talking. In many parts of the house it was impossible to hear distinctly all that was said, and a large number of people did not know what they were asked to vote for. Several were overheard to say that they did not know what it was about, but they would follow the example of the rest, and vote in favor of it. Suppose it had been an order for their immediate execution, what then? Such an insane and reckless manner of exercising their privilege of voting needs no comment. The facts speak sufficiently strong in condemnation of a system that makes men such mere machines.

Brigham Young in one of his sermons delivered at the Tabernacle during the recent conference, said that Utah would soon be obliged to supply the Eastern States with fruit, for the State in which the plates containing the Book of Mormon were found had not raised a sound apple, or words to that effect. Apples are quoted at three dollars a barrel in New York; here they are worth about twelve dollars. Comment is unnecessary.

Note 1: It appears that Samuel S. Saul had already vacated his editorship at the Salt Lake Reporter by the time the above "glib and pungent quill" comments were communicated. This disclosure in some way marks the initial appearance John Hanson Beadle's editorial services in the paper's columns -- but it is not readily apparent where Mr. Beadle's contributions beginand those of Mr. Saul end. Beadle later said he took temporary "editorial charge" of the Reporter "on the 19th of October," or "ten days after the stormy [LDS] conference closed." Between the closing of the Mormon Conference on Oct. 8th and the end of November, Beadle managed to find two interested partners (Adam Aulbach, the paper's printer, and John Barrett, a local businessman) and thus managed to purchase the newspaper, replacing Mr. Saul and making Beadle himself the new editor of the Reporter. Beadle became a member of he three man "Printer's Company" and their purchase of the newspaper's assets from General Pattrick E. Connor was finalized on Dec. 1, 1868.

Note 2: According to a notice published in the Helena Montana Post of Oct, 30, 1868, "General P. Conner, the great Indian fighter, arrived" in Salt Lake City "on the 21st" of October, and thus was present in that city to look after his business interests at the very time the Reporter (which he owned) was put back into operation. It seems likely that the General had been notified regarding the newspaper's difficulties and had traveled to Salt Lake to protect his investment in that enterprise.

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, October 21, 1868.                                      No. 134.


There are probably no people on the earth who have been subject to so great misrepresentation, both unmeasured praise and detraction, as the Mormons. While their enemies have charged them with every vice under Heaven, their leaders have not hestitated to claim for them every virtue emanating from the same source. Probably, as is generally the case the truth lies between these two extremes. The speakers at the late Conference began and ended all their remarks on this broad assumption: "We are the chosen people of God to whom he has spoken by the mouth of the prophet, Brigham, and of course the world hates us. They can bring no charge against us, save that we believe in a living prophet and persecute us for the sole and only reason that we are the church of God, for our religion and nothing else." In such a diversity of opinion there is but one sure way of arriving at the truth, to take the testimony of intelligent, unbiased men, men whose words have never been impeached, who have traveled in every part of the world and told the truth of every people they visited, men to whom all religions are alike except as they bear fruit. If the social system of Utah cannot abide such scrutiny then it must stand condemned. To say, as does our co-temporary of the Evening News in his issue of the 12th inst., that "no man not a Mormon can properly judge of the influences now in operation here, no mere outsider can understand or comprehend them," is a pitiful begging of the question. It is in effect simply saying: We will not submit it to the decision of any judge who has not fully and unreservedly committed himself beforehand in favor of our system. All others are "brainless scribblers" who cannot understand the truth or tell it. This is a new system of logic for which the sapient editor ought to take out a patent. First subscribe to the doctrine, pin your faith to the leader, follow and believe in every feature of the system and then you will be capable of judging it. After you fully and unreservedly believe that "plurality" is of God, then you will be fit to judge whether it would be so or not. The jury are to be called to try the question, but it will not do to take men who "have not formed or expressed an opinion in the case," you must have only such as have fully committed themselves, and on the one side, to try this thing whether it be of God! Such is the rule of decision laid down by one of the twelve! It so happens, however that there are some forty millions of people in this country who think differently. They have been accostumed to have questions of fact tried by a dispassionate jury of men sworn to have no pre-conceived opinion of the case, and they have sent such men to judge of this system. Men of every conceiveable shade of political and religious opinion, and men of no religion whatever have viewed the fruits of the system here and their opinion has been unanimous against it. It will not answer to lay this to political animosity for it is the same with men of all parties, nor to religious prejudices, for the judgment has been rendered by men who had no prejudices and no religion. It is easy enough to say they were actuated by the spirit of the devil, but is it not strange that men who have told the truth in everything else, are not to be believed, when they speak of Mormonism. We present the testimony of disinterested witnesses, and ask the church to controvert it, and the answer is, "it's a lie! it's a lie!

Lawyers, judges and statesmen, editors, authors and philosophers, men of letters and men of political science have alike studied this question with impartial curiosity, and the universal verdict has been, polygamy, a relic of barbarism, must pass away before advancing civilization and the spirit of American institutions.

Mrs. Nellie K. Robinson arrived in this city on Saturday last from California, where she has been residing. This lady is the widow of the late lamented Dr. J. K. Robinson who was so cruelly murdered in this city just two years ago to-day.

Gen. P. E. Connor arrived in this city from the west by the coach to-day. He is in good health and looking fine. He expects to remain in this vicinity for some weeks.

It is stated that Brigham Young has given orders to have every member of the Mormon Church excommunicated who deals with a Gentile, or purchases of an outsider. A good way to thin out his church -- Boston Ex.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, October 22, 1868.                                      No. 135.


Poets have sung and romancists exhausted the resources of language in the vain attempt to portray the many graces and virtues of woman. Perhaps a little quiet reasoning may still throw light on the relation of the sexes. The most profound philosophers are thoroughly agreed on one point; that the exact rank of any people in civilization is measured by the position and consideration accorded to woman among that people. Where woman takes a high rank it is prima facie proof that the juster sentiments bear rule. In savage communities brute force carries the day, and woman sinks to the condition of a miserable slave; but higher up in the scale, mind and sentiment bear sway, and the fact is recognized that the feminine instinct may be trusted in favor of intrinsic purity, rather than the natural promptings of the masculine mind. The native Indian, for instance, knows nothing of the softer sentiments which make life amiable and agreeable, to him woman is merely a superior beast of burden, he can purchase as many wives as his means command, and is by nature, religion and habit, a thorough going polygamist. The South Sea Islander in like manner regards his women indifferently as wives, slaves or playthings. The African negro considers one woman worth as much as five cows, and if his cattle corral be inconveniently full, or his women corral unhandsomely empty, he forthwith trades off five, ten or fifteen cows and has one, two or three more wives "sealed" to him. And among some tribes, if the latter get too old for work, the are incountinently eaten up, a few more cows sold and a few more wives bought. Coming a little higher to the partly civilized races, we find a great deal of improvement, but still nothing like christian ideas. The Hindoos consider this such a poor world for woman that it is thought no particular harm to drown a female infant, though a hienous offense to thus dispose of a boy. The Chinese are but little better, for though polygamyis rare among them, it is allowed under certain regulations, and many of the parents will sell their female children to be reared for the basest purposes. The same is true of the Tartars. The Persians, Turks and Mahometan races, generally regard woman as a plaything or slave according to her charms of person...

The warlike Arabians under Mahomet and his successors easily overran Asia and Northern Africa, but in Europe their course was soon checked. The Mahometan hosts under Abderabmen melted like snow before the stout arms of the German nations, who left the plains of Poietiers covered with the gory corpses of three hundred thousand polygamists. Europe was saved for the development of the family and individual liberty, while the Asiatic nations enrtered upon the long decline which is now terminating in their passing one by one under the rule of monogamic Europe. The doings of the present day further illustrates the same principle. England against Hindoostan and China. France against Algiers and Polynesia and Western Europe against Eastern, are but so many examples pointing to the fact that people who systematically degrade woman, only indicate more certainly their own degeneracy and prepare the way for their downfall. The manogamic nations of the earth are advancing rapidly in all that makes a nation great. The polygamous races are stationary or retrograding. Do these facts convey no lesson? Can it be God's will that an institution hitherto confined to barbarians shall be established in the most enlightened nation of the world? The white inhabitants of Utah are the only branch of the Caucasian race that have adopted the Asiatic custom within two hundred years. Had they not better take warning by the teachings of history and abandon it before the evil consequences become destructive.

Quite a stir was created in this city yesterday over the news of the earthquake in San Francisco and adjacent cities. The Gentile portion of this city is largely composed of Californians, and a number of them possess property on the coast, therefore making it of material interest as to the extent of the "shake," The news was very meagre up to dark, when a second report, and the only direct one from San Francisco, was received, which allayed the excitement somewhat. It is not very definite, but it is sufficient to show that the shock experienced was not so severe as rumored on the streets. This telegraphic news about the earthquake in California clearly demonstrates the necessity of a morning paper in this city; otherwise, had we still an evening paper, the news we puvlish this morning would have lain over twenty hours in the offices before being placed before the public. In this fast and progressive age things become stale very quick. In order to travel parallel with the times the REPORTER was made a morning paper, incurring considerable expense by so doing. But we feel sanguine from the substantial appreciation thus far shown that we have taken a step in the right direction. We have reduced the price of the paperso low that it is within the reach of the poorest man or woman, namely, $1 per month, delivered by the carrier.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, October 23, 1868.                                      No. 136.


This restoration embraces the fulness of the gospel of Jesus Christ, as the means by which we can obtain a knowledge of God and of his son whom he hath sent, by authorized ministers preaching in the name of Jesus. -- Millennial Star.
We never heard in our lives that Christ occupied the finest house His poor followers could build for him at a heavy expense; that He rode around the provinces of the Holy Land in a fine carriage with four spanking greys and required the people to furnish the provender for them; that He had a wife in every settlement, or that He ever made it His boast that He "never touched anything out of which he couldn't make money;" or that He ever used in His sermons such expressions as "damned apostate," "damned mobocrat," "send him to hell across lots," and the like. No, we never so read the scriptures. If we have the "correct translation," we never learned therein that He claimed the chief seat in the theatre, or the best robe in the city, or the fat of the land on his table, or that he took one-tenth of the fish Peter and John caught as his by divine right! In fact the more we hear and read in this community, the more we suspect the christianity of such fellows as those who followed Christ. We remember that he said something about being "meek and lowly in heart," and that if any man would be great among the disciples he was to be their servant! We remember on one occasion when the Roman Government required of him "a piece of silver," he wouldn't ask the trifling sum of fifty-one cents from His people, but rather performed a special miracle, and took that amount from the mouth of a fish. We acknowledge we have not read the New Testament as we ought, but we have indeed searched carefully for that decree of the primitive church forbidding its members to deal with, buy of, succor or in any way countenance poor sinners. Of course its there, "authority" says it is, or ought to be, but we can't find it. Indeed we are astounded to hear of so many things being in the Bible, which we have never seen; nor are we more successful when we go to the old Jewish prophets. If we remember rightly most of them had little more than a robe, staff and sandals, and frequently put up with poor fare and very little of it. But the Latter-day Church of Jesus Christ can have little to do with them, its examples for present imitation are to be found in His work. Doubtless it was a great sight (though unfortunately we haven't the records ourselves) to see the banners and hear the martial music as the Judea legion, headed by the apostles and elders rolled out on its mission to put down a schism in the early church, and if need be turn a cannon upon the seceders and slaughter men, women and children. And when the new sect had surrendered, how gallantly St. Peter must have charged to the front and taken the life of the heretical leader! It's a pity we have not a more full account of those things. And when the "first presidency," Peter, James and John, had organized their militia, how inspiring to hear them hurl defiance at all earthly powers, claiming however to be "loyal subjects" of Roman rule. When Christ organized His church, there must have been many sublime principles enunciated of which we benighted Gentiles can have no knowledge. Did He allow Peter and John to sell their fish to Romans and Greeks, or did He command them to buy only of Jews, even if they had to pay double. Let us have information on all these points. Perhaps those who have "light" can see into these things more clearly, but as for ourselves we acknowledge a cold-blooded propensity for facts, and when a man comes to us claiming to be Christ's Vicegerent, claiming that what he "seals on earth is sealed in heaven,'' our first impulse is to apply the rule left by Christ, and try the matter by its fruits. Perhaps this mode of reasoning is unfair: if so we desire to have the unfairness pointed out. There may be something in the varying circumstances and nature of things which justifies this singular divergence from the ancient system. If so we shall be glad to hear of it. What we seek is light.

LOOK OUT FOR HIM. -- The papers of our neighboring territories have been devoting considerable attention to one John H. Pierson alias W. G. Hunt, alias who has been doing the citizens of Colorado and more eastern localities for a few weeks past, and has finally reached this city and joined the Mormons. He left a wife and two children in New York and after a short but a brilliant career turned up in Central City, Colorado, where he tarried again under the name of W. G. Hunt. But news of his first wife reaching that place he suddenly "lit out" for Cheyenne, thence came to Green River, but as bigamy was not the style there either, it seems he has reached this place in search of a more congenial locality. From the latest accounts he is still in this city under the name of J. Henry. We condense the following description from the various sources: When he smiles the upper lip is drawn tightly over the gums, exposing a very fine set of teeth. He smokes and imbibes, but does not chew. Sports a heavy gold neck chain, and breast pin made of a nugget -- also a round Masonic pin of solid gold, with the square and compass counter sunk. He has a smooth face, excellent education, and very insinuating manner; reads poetry eloquently, talks fluently of his travels in Europe and elsewhere, has the names of every New York banker at command, and is by nature for a most consumate swindler. [One] of his favorite tricks is to engage in conversation, learn a man's genealogy in part and supply the rest, then claim to be a cousin, or some relation, and obtain a loan. Pass him around.

BRANCH TO OREGON. -- J. Blickensderfer, Jr., Esq., Division Engineer on the U. P. R. R, informs us that one of his parties in charge of Col. Hudnutt, is now engaged in making a preliminary survey for a branch road to Oregon. The starting point of this survey on the main line is near Monument Point, which is at the north end of Salt Lake, distant about one hundred miles from the mouth of Weber. We understand that this party will seek the shortest possible route to the Snake river and then follow that stream to Portland.

Note: The Reporter's "The Difference" editorial may have been reprinted in a mid-November issue of that paper (not yet located).

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, October 24, 1868.                                      No. 137.


There is a class of people in every community and we have a surplus of them here, who are never weary of praising the long past and bemoaning the present future. Like the sad moralist in the comedy they are never weary of repeating that "things ain't as they used to be -- when they was so different from what they are now." Everything is going wrong they think; nothing is like it was when they were boys; people are not so hospitable, honest or brave, or patriotic as they were then; the women are not so beautiful or virtuous; society is so corrupt and there is no such men as were in the days of Washington. Even our physique is degenerating as well as our morals; there are no stout men like there used to be; there are no public honor or honesty, the country has gone to eternal smash, or is fast going and nothing can save it. This class of people has existed in every age, but just now they seem rather numerous about here. Probably nine-tenths of the people of Utah have heard this sort of thing preached and talked till it has become a part of their religion. They would fain persuade themselves that the nation which rejected Brigham and the and the forty-wife system, is just trembling on the verge of dissolution. When hard pressed they will hesitatingly acknowledge that the United States did amount to something before the war, but now it has received its finishing blows and is in the last staggers. To such people it is no argument that the highest degree of prosperity reigns in three-fourths of the States to-day. That since the termination of the war there have been more furnaces, rolling mills and manufactories erected, more pig iron bars, steel and other metal turned out, more coal mined, more lumber prepared, more vessels built for inland navigation, more comfortable houses erected, more cotton worked, more petroleum refined, more miles of railroad built, more new land brought under cultivation and more churches, school-houses and printing offices established than in any equal time before the war. There are brains so constituted as to perceive in these things only the evidence of more certain decay. Nor is it weighty evidence to such people, that our paper money is approaching a gold value three times as fast as that of France after Napoleon, or that of England after her Continental wars, that we have already paid one-fourth the cost of the war and are growing every day more able to pay the rest. Or in a moral point of view, perhaps it is of no weight that by actual count there were more bad men in power in proportion, in the days of Washington than now, and this by the testimony of undoubted history. This may be a trifling matter to such reasoners. They have made up their minds that we are all going to the devil as fast as steam can carry us, and if the facts do not happen to agree with them, qu'il s'en va! So much the worse for the facts! A 'so-called" revelator says that the region where Mormonism started is now almost barren, "not producing a sound apple or five bushels of wheat to the acre." When the agricultural reports of New York show that that very region has steadily increased in fertility for twenty years and is now one of the garden spots of America! But as the revelator can not be wrong, of course the reports must be. There are doubtless thousands in this vicinity looking daily for the great destruction which is to come, forgetting that every age of the world has given rise to numbers of such solemn predictions, and that no nation can die till it has run its course and done its work and sinks with the natural decay of old age. This nation has just emerged from boyhood so to speak, has just entered on its career as a full grown nation, and we trust that with the blessing of Providence it has many hundred years of national glory and liberty yet to come. If history teaches us one thing more than another, it is that the world is growing better instead of worse, that every young nation has the funded character and knowledge of its predecessors to start upon and the happy destiny to add many new truths to bless and elevate mankind.


We see by his issue of the 22d, that the Telegraph man is still pegging away on his old conumdrum: "Is not polygamy better than prostitution?" He speaks pathetically of the awful condition of those communities which have not this "blessing," and tells how they might be made so much better. Like other polygamous regions, we presume, China for instance, where a young woman can be purchased for a wife, slave or mistress, indifferently; or Turkey where "the sack and the Bosphorus are the usual remedy for any woman who becomes troublesome. Seriously, though, would it not have a better showing to compare polygamy with something decent? To stop comparing it with prostitution or keeping a mistress? We never remember to have heard them do anything else. For a year past our cotemporary has devoted all his talents (?) to villifying the women of Gentile communities, and, but a little while ago, took this paper to task very harshly for its "slanderous style." But it seems its editor has finally convinced himself that polygamy is better than some other bad things. Well, and what then? Is there not something else whicg is much better than either? Robbery is better than murder; we do not therefore consider it a blessing. If we were at liberty to imitate the style of the Telegraph we might ask: Is legalized prostitution better than any other kind? Modest isn't it, for a sheet which has devoted so much time to the sins of other cities to whine about "decency," when his sophistry in regard to "plurality" is punctured by a few wholesale truths.

NEW TOWN. -- It is rumored in this city that the Union Pacific Railroad Company have laid out a new town in the neighborhood of the mouth of the Weber, and that ditching for water purposes is going on actively. So far as we can learn, this report is not correct; but it is very certain that a town will soon be commenced in that localily, and it is also very certain that it will be a permanent town, and the largest one on the line of the Overland road between Omaha and Sacramento. The Great Architect made that a natural spot for a town, and surrounded it with all the conditions to make it a great town, to-wit: A fine agricultural district, wood, coal, limestone, salt, all the minerals, some of them in great profusion; water power almost unlimited; and last, but not least, a climate unrivalled in the world. But what puts it beyond doubt that there will be a town in that locality is that one is absolutely needed there by the railroad for mechanical purposes. It might be said that the Railroad Company would not be inconvenienced by having their town a little farther east or west, but it so happens that there is no eligible spot for a town for a very long distance either east or west from the point above named. Ths exact time when this new town will be started is a matter of great importance to many in this community. We are not prepared to answer positively upon this, but that it will be started inside of thirty days is certain.

The track of the U. P. R. R. is being pushed to the west with a celerity that is truly wonderful. It is now far to the west of Bryan, indeed, it is almost at Bridger, and in less than three weeks from this date it will be at Bear River, East, which is only seventy-five mites east of Salt Lake, or to speak more correctly, the mouth of the Weber, where the road turns to the north to go round the Lake. Then, in three weeks from now, or say the middle of November, the end of the track will be within about seventy-five miles of the site of the new town. At five miles per day, which we understand is the mimimum rate of track laying recently fixed by Vice President Durant, who is on the ground himself doing all he can, and that's a great deal, to facilitate the work, these seventy-five miles would be laid down in fifteen days. But allowing for delays on account of heavy work on the Summit, and in the canyons, two and a half miles per day on an average, at least will be laid, and that would complete the seventy-five miles in thirty days, this is by the fifteenth of December, just fifty-two days from now. The public need not, therefore, be astonished any day to hear that the U. P. R. R. has laid out a town some where near the mouth of the Weber, and is offering lots for sale. Speed the day. Hurrah for the railroad!

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, October 25, 1868.                                      No. 138.


Three-fourths of the talk at the late Conference was in relation of the many persecutions the Mormons had suffered at the hands of the American people and Government. Perhaps one in twenty of the present inhabitants of Utah were in the Church at the time of its expulsion from Nauvoo, the remainder have come in since, and the constant endeavor is to prove to them that the Saints have been persecuted for their religion and for no other cause. We might question the consistency of this stirring up of hatred by a priesthood claiming to be founded on the gospel of "Peace on earth, good will to men; we might ask about those former day Saints who prayed for those who despitefully used them, or the proto-martyr who died exclaiming, "Lord, lay not this sin to their charge." But let that pass. We take it for granted that these examples can have no bearing in "these latter days," but that these men are governed by the ordinary counsels of prudence and common sense. At the same time those speakers are never weary of asserting that they are thoroughly loyal citizens of the United States, devoted to the Constitution and laws, and that they teach their disciples so to be. To us it seems a little odd that such "intensely loyal" men should spend so much time inciting hatred against the American race and name, and in imputing to a whole people the guilt of proceedings which were at the worst the acts of a few individuals in two States. But let that also pass. We do not remember to have heard or read in all their speeches or sermons the slightest intimation that they were themselves anywhere or by any possibility in the wrong, or that their opponents ever believed them in the wrong, not even the charitable assumption that the latter might believe themselves justified in aught they did. Every speech began and ended on the broad assumption that the Americans as a people "persecuted the Church of God." To such we suppose it is no argument to state that America is the one country above all others where all religions are tolerated in their fullest extent, that their worst enemy dares not call the Americans a persecuting people, that there is not a tribunal in the world where such a charge could be established, that Shakers, Quakers, Fourierites, Simonites, Harmonists, Atheists, Deists and Communists live in perfect peace in all parts of the Union and are eligible to the highest offices of the State, that it is not even lawful to challenge a man for his religion before any Court.

To such as take the one-man dictum we suppose this is of no force to show that the Americans are not a persecuting people, and that they must have had, or thought they had, some other reason for their action against the early Saints than hatred of their religion. "Authority" has said that the Saints were persecuted on account of their religion, when not one person in a thousand in the States even knew what that religion was sufficiently to have any feeling about it, either of hatred or favor. The "persecutors" have time and again published to the world that they knew nothing, cared nothing for the Mormon religion, but objected to them solely because they thought them dangerous neighbors. Were they mistaken in that view? If so what is the duty of the Mormons to-day? Manifestly to so conduct themselves as to show that they are not troublesome neighbors or dangerous citizens. If you believe in your living prophet, well. Show also that your religion does not allow you to violate the law. How does this plain duty comport with threats of "gutting a paper and hanging the editor to a telegraph pole," or this talk of "carrying a lawyer on one's bosom with a keen edge and good length," or advice to "send men to hell across lots." You are eloquent on the subject of toleration for all religions; would it not be as well to practice it. How does this claim comport with the massacre of recusant "Morrisites," or those other well-known means of securing that "unanimity" on which a cotemporary congratulates the community. Grant, for argument's sake, that your "persecutors" in the States did you gross injustice; that they did not sufficiently discriminate between innocent Mormons and the guilty few who had sheltered themselves in the Church. Are you on the right course to convince the world of that fact? The near approach of the railroad, the increase of travel and the steady demand for laborers and produce at advancing prices, were fast exerting their usual mollifying effects, and it seemed that Mormons and outsiders would soon come to know each other better and perhaps mutually improve a little on acquaintance. At such a time was it wise to stir up ancient bitterness and inaugurate a policy of threats and intimidation against all outsiders? As nobody got scared, was it not "showing a hand" to no purpose? There is no man who entertains a more tolerant feeling to all sincere and honest Mormons than we do. To all such we say: Can you afford to let these few leaders embroil you in trouble? Have you, laboring men from Britain or Scandinavia, anything to gain by violence and hatred? If these leaders bring on a conflict which results in the loss of your home and all, will they make up that loss to you? You remember that one act of mob violence resulted in a fiery persecution; can you afford to try the experiment again? By this remark no threat is intended, merely a statement that like causes will probably produce like effects. Reason with yourselves and if a few men are determined on hostility, let them also assume the risk and responsibility.

PHOTOGRAPHS AT SALT LAKE. -- The following is from Harper's: Two visitors in Salt Lake City entered a shop to purchase photographs of Brigham Young and such views as they might fancy. They engaged in conversation with the clerk, who, however, kept glancing uneasily at a shabbily-dressed old woman who was leaning on a show-case near by. After selecting various portraits and views the buyers said: "Now show us some pictures of Mrs. Young." "Sh-- sh-- sh, we haven't any," whispered the clerk. "Don't you take them at the gallery up stairs?" "Yes," replied he, with a stealthy glance at the old woman, "but we are not allowed to sell them." "Can't you show us some copies -- simply point them out to us?" persisted the inquisitive strangers. Here the clerk, without replying, walked away in a state of perturbation. The old woman left the store. He returned and said: "Gentleman, that old lady is one of Brigham Young's first wives. Visitors cannot be too considerate here in the presence of strangers."

Some mean, ill-born, despicable sneaking theives are making it a business to steal the REPORTER from reqular subscribers. Such contemptible conduct is deserving of the severest chastisement, and, no doubt, individuals engaged in these low, petty thefts will receive a well merited punishment if caught in the trap. If you read this item, you that steal papers off door-steps and out of the boxes, take warning, and don't purloin any more; you're watched. If you are too poor to pay ten cents for a copy of the paper, come to the office and we'll give you one.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, October 27, 1868.                                      No. 139.


It is not an uncommon thing to find a class of men, crying out most vehemently against the thing they are secretly practicing. Like the rogue who cries "stop thief" to throw the public off his track, they are first to complain to shield their own guilt. Public attention must be mis-directed, if possible, and their own sins obscured by exaggerating those of others. Such is the case just now with the Brighamites who maintain an unceasing clamor about "persecution," that haply some may be prevented from looking up their past record. We propose to show up portions of that record from time to time that all may see how these "lambs" have been so cruelly treated -- simply in being prevented from treating everybody else just as they chose. If a stranger, ignorant of the situation, had entered Salt Lake City within the last six weeks and began to study matters from representations of "authority," he would have thought that no people in earth had ever been so unjustly, so cruelly treated. If we are to take the word of a few self-constituted judges, the death of Stephen, the stoning and crucifixion of St. Paul, the boiling of St. John and all the ten persecutions of the early church were mere "love taps," trifles, petty annoyances, compared with what Brigham and his compeers have suffered. The self-called prophet retails his pathetic story, tells of his harrowing misfortunes and exhibits his emaciated (?) body, worn to skin and bone by the privations he has undergone for his religion! Poor fellow! Shut out his rights by a tyrannical government and compelled to spend a solitary life in his palace with only fifty wives to cheer his lonliness! Condemned to have to pick and choose of all that Utah can furnish, and to be absolute monarch over 100,000 people without the poor privilege of taking more than a tenth of their earnings, and the minions of despotism ready to interfere by Gentile Courts whenever he tries to confiscate the other nine-tenths. And then to be denied the poor privilege of slaughtering a few hundred people who may happen to dissent from him, and dividing their property among his adherents. A sad case truly. He certainly deserves a whole chapter in the next "Book of Martyrs." And lest the people might settle into a quiet and christian temper of mind all these "wrongs" were carefully recited to them, till these honest people who had come up to the Tabernacle with quiet minds at peace with each other and all mankind, were stirred up to an intensity of hatred against the United States Government and people, ready at any moment for acts of violence leading to their own destruction. The simple fact is all this talk about "persecution" by such men is the most barefaced and shameless untruth. When the complete history is known it will be found that the Brighamites have committed ten outrages for every one that they have suffered. Look at the Iong array of massacres and assassinations proved by undoubted testimony to have been the work of secret minions of the one-man power. In view of the testimony of such unchallenged Mormons as Joseph Smith, Jr., and others as to the way this one-man power was first obtained, and then strengthened, is it not exhibiting a degree of effrontery truly sublime, to now come forward and whine about "persecution?" We have no quarrel with Mormonism, so-called, as a religion, but as for this corrupt hierarchy who have introduced every possible abomination into the land, and declared war against all who dissent from them, we never can fight them enough. And what is to be the result of the present struggle! Sooner or later punishment must come to those who have been guilty of these crimes, but as for the people in general we can have no quarrel with them. And what is all this talk of "persecution," this studied effort to incite popular passion, but part of desperate attempt to hold this territory against all outsiders? It is the wildest folly for any one class of men to imagine they can hold this valley against all the rest of mankind. There is too much here that the world wants. The railroad is coming and with it will come a revival of trade, on influx of visitors, and new ideas and a new populatlon will soon fill the upper part of this valley. Shall all this be done paceably in accordance wIth the secular laws of trade and settlement, or will you insanely butt against manifest destiny and insure your own destruction? Have you, laboring Mormons, anything to lose by the settlement of a hundred thousand Gentiles in Utah, even if the one-man power should be weakened thereby? That they will come and that soon, and that they will bow to the behests of no man or church is so certain as fate. You may make it to your advantage if you will. Will you have them as peaceable neighbors or dangerous enemies?

PERSONAL. --The following distinguished gentlemen have been spending a few days in our city and left this morning by special coach for the "end of the track," viz: Gen. D. C. McCallum, former Superintendent of the New York and Erie Railroad; and military director of Government railroads during the war; Col. Silas Seymour, former State Engineer of the State of N. Y., and at present consulting engineer of the U. P. R. R.; General G. K. Warren, Major General of Volunteers, and commander of the Fifth Army Corps during the war, at present attached to the Engineer Corps of the United States; Judge W. T. Otto, Assistant Secretary of the Interior; Pierre Pichot, from Paris, traveling on a scientific mission; Jacob Blickensderfer, Jr., Division Engineer, in charge of the locating parties on the U. P. R. R.   A commission has been appointed by the President of the United States, consisting of Gen. Warren, Blickensderfer, and Gen. Barnes, of Massachusetts, to examine the U. P. R. R. and some ot the other railroads receiving the Government subsidy, to ascertain and report to the Secretary of the Interior, if these roads are being constructed in the manner prescribed by Congress. Judge Otto will go over the road with the Commission for the purpose of seeing for himself the condition of the road and the manner of construction. Col. Seymour has been detailed by Dr. T. C. Durant, Vice President and General Agent of the U. P. R. R., to accompany the commission and represent the Railroad Company. Gen. McCallum is one of the most competent railroad men in the United States, and his opinion would be entitled to great weight. The General will look more particularly into the manner of running and operating the road. In this department he has no peer in this country -- he had charge of all the Government railroads during the war, and was breveted by Secretary Stanton as a compliment for his superior skill and energy. We shall be glad to see these distinguished gentlemen in our city after they have finished their "mission."

(From the Montana Post)


There is evidently a commotion in the camp of Brigham the Prophet. Despite the attempts made to conceal the fact, it is apparent to all, who, with any sort of attention, view the present condition of affairs in Utah, that there is a widely extended disaffection and uneasiness existing among the Mormon people. Up to the present time one of the most completely organized spy systems of the world and a tyranny which, unlike most governments, embodies both temporal and spiritual power, have enabled them to carry out successfully their policies of exclusiveness and proscription. The dawn of a new era now seems approaching. The railroad which is to connect civilization with Mormondom is nearly completed, and is already having its influence upon Utah by the introduction into that Territory of large numbers of persons of the anti-Brigham, and so-called "Gentile" faith. A few months since the Mormons affected to laugh at this prospective influx of unbelievers, and confident that the same power which had supported them for so many years would not play them false in this emergency, thought that the same railroad which brought the Gentiles to Salt Lake, could, with equal facility, take them away again. But, as the iron track approaches saintdom, the leaders of the Mormon people are losing their self reliance, and feel the necessity of putting forth every power which can be made to exert itself upon the fanatical bigotry of the people for the purpose of preventing the apostacy of their disciples. Accordingly, the recent conference of the Mormon Church at Salt Lake was embraced as a fitting occasion for the putting forth of every effort in the direction indicated, and the tabernacle rang with harangues of "President" Young and those numerous elders who comprise his court and do his bidding. The Key-note of the "discourse" was non-intercourse with the Gentiles, and some of the speakers even went so far as to advocate the proscription and persecution of those not of the Mormon faith. Not only was it resolved not to trade in any manner with Gentiles, but all the institutions of the anti-Polygamists were assailed in the most virulent manner. The REPORTER is full of editorials referring to the proceedings of this conference. From these partial reports we learn that the St. Marks Mission School, established by the Episcopal Church, was denounced as one of the institutions of the wicked. In answer to the question as to whether it should be allowed to go on and innoculate the minds of the children "with its damnable and pernicious doctrines" the whole assembled multitude shouted "No!" The REPORTER, the "Gentile" paper of the city, came in for its full share of abuse. Extracts were read from it and commented upon in the most inflammable manner, and the congregation told that in any other community such a paper would have its office gutted and its editor strung up to a telegraph pole within five days. These remarks elicited much enthusiasm among the audience, and found practical results in the shape of several anonymous communications of a threatening character addressed to the editor of the REPORTER. One of these, written in blood red ink, was ornamented with the figure of a skeleton suspended over a gallows, and ordered the REPORTER man to leave the Territory within twenty-four hours under penalty of being made to assume a position similar to that represented by the figure.

The Gentiles, for their part, have determined to fight the battle out on the line which they have marked out for themselves. The REPORTER announces its purpose to hold its position and the merchants of anti-Mormon predilections have commenced the aggressive warfare by the reduction of prices ten per cent. As to the result of the contest none can be in doubt. Although Brigham may for a short time so far succeed as to greatly injure his opponents in their business and social relations, it is apparent that Mormonism must, in the end, succumb to that civilization of the19th century to which it is in direct antagonism. "President" Young cannot by any "moral suasion" prevent the promulgation and adoption of ideas of the East and West into his country. Should he dare to resort to force for the purpose of accomplishing his objects he will find the "State of Deseret" invaded by the army of the United States, and in such a conflict would be compelled to go down. His true policy is to quietly accept the situation and pursue the even tenor of his way in such manner as shall cause least animosity to be awakened between the Gentile and Mormon element. In this the saintly sect may obtain for itself that natural death which is in store for it, instead of that violent extinction which it seems to be courting.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, October 28, 1868.                                      No. 140.


In view of many hostile expressions and some threats against this office, our friends are beginning to ask, Of what are we guilty, whom have we slandered, and what can(n)on of newspaper etiquette have we outraged? We will endeavor to enlighten them. We have been brought up to believe that a woman is the equal of man in all those qualities most acceptable to God. "If unlike man then like in difference," different in mental giftsm but not inferior; that God intended her as the companion, helpmeet and friend of man, and in no wise his instrument or slave. This is our first offense, it is one of our "traditions" which Brighamites tell us "are so hard to overcome." They can be overcome only by the logic of plain facts and the facts to the contrary we utterly fail to see. If it is a heinous "offense" not to see them, we respectfully ask to have them pointed out, as yet all we see in Utah only confirms our early "tradition." Our idea of the true relation of the sexes is not derived from the writings of Mahomet or the practice of his followers, nor yet from the habits of the brute creation. It is found rather, in the ordinance which God instituted by taking a (one) woman from the side of man, not from his foot or hand, and thus described by the sublime poet:
"Hail, wedded love! mysterious law, true source
Of human offspring, sole propriety,
In Paradise, of all things common else.
By thee adulterous lust was driven from men,
Among the bestial herds to range,
By thee, founded in reason, loyal, just, and pure,
Relations dear, and all the charities
Of father, son, and brother first were known."
Polygamy never can fill the idea, we hold that it never has done so in all the pages of history, that it does not now do so in any part of the world and that Utah is no exception. Polygamy has taken woman from her true position as the presiding deity of the household, the queen of the affections, the head of domestic happiness and made her an instrument, a plaything or a slave. We hold that woman should have no rival in the domestic government, there she should reign supreme, and she who admits a rival there submits to her own degradation. We see the proof of this and will persist in seeing it and discussing what is before our eyes. This is our first and great offebse. And the second is like unto it. We have also been taught that temporal and spiritual matters should be kept asunder, that a church has no jurisdiction over a man's property or the disposal thereof, that "Christ's kingdom was not of this world," and if any priest or teacher laid hand on his brother's property, claiming it as of right and not of gift, he was none of Christ's. We hold and teach too that Church and State are in their nature distinct and should be kept so, that prophets of the Lord were often sent to advise and counsel kings, but never to rule in their stead, and if Nephi prophesied that "there should be no kings in this land" he certainly meant that no absolute monarchy should be set up under any other name. We believe that God has instituted republican government, and that as both requiring and creating more popular intelligence than any other form, it is especially pleasing to God, rather than a one-man despotism. These are our principal offenses, but if spared we are very liable to commit more of the same character.

PAID HIS TITHING. --While in conversation a few days ago with an old "apostate," who was disfellowshipped a few years ago for not paying tithe, we asked him what he thought of that system, to which, elevating the eyebrow and leaning his head thoughtfully to one side, he thus replied in brief: "You see, I was always very particular about payin' up for a long time after I got here. Finally it come a fall when I had ten very fine hogs. Well, to do the square thing, I drove one of 'em up to the tithing yard and butchered the rest, and set in to cuttin' 'em up. Well sir, about the time I got it done, here come one of Brigham's clerks and took one-tenth of the hams, one-tenth of the shoulders, one-tenth of the lard, and so on clear through. Soon after, here come the Bishop and insisted on a donation for such a purpose, and not long after some body for something else, and, sir, when I got through, I found I had the meat o' just one hog left. Well, I went up to see the President, about it, and what do you think he said, 'Just go home and ask the Lord about it, and see if he don't tell you Brother Brigham's mathematics are right, that you've only give the Lord his share!' Well, I went home and didn't say much but I thought the Lord was d__d fond o' pork."

(From the Nashville Republican, Oct. 16.)


Mormonism trembles at the approach of the Pacific Rail Road. One of the Salt Lake papers in the interest of Brigham Young, deptrecates the proposed extension of those lines through the city of the Saints, depicting an appalling series of calamitous results if the project be accomplished. It advocates the passage of a road fifty miles northward of Salt Lake City, so that its influences may not reach so directly the people of that place, and may not affect so certainly the institution of polygamy.

The anxiety of the Mormons to prevent the extension of this road through the great commercial mart of Utah is clearly apparent, therefore its effects upon the permanence of their faith. They know that Mormonism can not stand against the progressive force of civilization, that although science is not the sworn ally of Christianity, yet in its achievements, it sweeps away all forms of error, destroys all institutions founded upon falsehood and gross immorality, and bears along in its train that puroty, virtue and dignity that enter into and form a part of an enlightened and Christian civilization. Mormonism entrenched within its unattractive territory of Utah, and jealous of all interference, has existed for many years by virtue of its exclusiveness and isolation. Far distant from the moral influences that control and direct the faith and conduct of the vast majority of the population of the United States, the Mormons have been enabled to extend their institution over Utah, and by appealing to the passions of men, have now thousands of emigrants from Europe to embrace the faith that places no retraint upon their lust, but in the name of religion gives countenance to the grossest license, Conscious of the opposing influences about them, they have endeavored stedfastly to control the destinies of Utah for themselves and for the propagation and permanence of their faith. How signally they have succeeded, let Brigham Young answer, who, as their prophet, priest and leader, dictates their civil and religious policy, and makes his single word the law within the Mormon territory.

But Mormonism must now confront the opposing elements of civilization, and prove itself able to cope with them in the inevitable struggle. The extension of the Pacific road through the center of their possessions is its greatest danger. The opponents of their system should take council of their fears, and insist upon the plan they so much dread. The Mormons know the effect of such a road; they well understand that to connect them directly with the great cities of the East and South is only to bring the influences that have made these Eastern marts subordinate to a truer faith, to their very doors, and when this is accomplished, the doom of Mormonism is sounded. Their fears shall be our lesson and our guide. What they desire to maintain, we, as Christian people, should determine to destroy. If the Pacific road is a potent and dreaded weapon, when used against the institution of polygamy planted in Utah, we should be sure to project its lines through the very heart of Salt Lake City. Whatever is subversive of Mormonism and its attendant evils should be fostered and encouraged, and there can be no better way of overthrowing it, than by crossing the territory of Utah with a network of railways, opening its broad fields to the immigration of the intelligent and Christian population of the more Eastern States, connect it to the great commercial centres by the golden bonds of trade, and thus open it to the civilization of the century.

The existence of polygamy in one of the territories of the United States, is a foul blot upon our national fame. The institution itself is the relic of barbarism, and the most flagrant evil that now curses the land. It has been uneffected by direct legislation because of the many other questions that demand instant and exclusive attention. It has, therefore, taken deeper root than at first was apprehended, and now, conscious of its strength, challenges governmental interference. Legislation against it now will prove abortive, unless enforced by the musket and bayonet. A long and expensive war will be the result of any attempt to overthrow polygamy by force.

But there is no necessity for war. The extension of railways and the commercial and social intercourse that must inevitably result therefrom, will prove a foe to Mormonism, which it can not long withstand. The capitalists of the country by opening through Utah the channels of business and inviting the enterprising and Christian population of the country thither will be enabled to do a missionary work for social reform, which in its culminating success will redound to the national purity and the national fame.

PERSONAL. -- George E. Gray, Esq., consulting engineer of the Central Pacific Railroad, left this city day before yesterday morning by private conveyance. He is going around the north end of the Lake on to the line of the Central Pacific Railroad. He expects to meet Gov. Stanford, President of the road, somewhere between Monument Point and Humboldt Wells.


Bingham Canyon, Oct. 20, 1868.            
Ed. Reporter: -- Nothing has transpired since my last to disturb the quietness of our camp. Owners of claims are busily engaged in working them, some of the companies having from six to eight men employed daily. Quite a number of the floating population have taken the White Pine District fever and departed, but others have come in to fill their places, so that in a measure we don't miss them.

Capt. B, who commenced mining here a few weeks since with the purpose of reaching the creek channel, succeeded after sinking a shaft 80 feet deep, in striking bed rock, but found it pitching towards the creek. His present shaft is on the north side of the gulch, and at present is about 40 to 50 feet deep, and, to judge from the appearance of the wash gravel and the prospects which he gets, he is in a fair way to realize his expectations. There are many claims (creek) in the Canyon which will be opened and worked as soon as it is demonstrated by Capt. B. that the claims will pay, the present owners of adjoining claims not being long-winded enough to hazard means and labor to find out for themselves the wealth of their claims.

Some of the owners of the claims adjoining Messrs. Crowley's rich claim, have succeeded in striking the channel at a depth of 35 feet, and the wash on the bed rock prospects very well. They have not been able to "wash up" as yet, but next week you will have a good report from them.

Mr. Clayton gives a ball to-night at his house, in honor, I believe, of the departure of one of his partners, who is about to leave us for the "faderland." Everybody, who is anybody, is therefore up in town, enjoying themselves with the fairest of the fair.

Note: Editor Beadle re-told the Apostate's pork anecdote on page 326 of his 1882 Polygamy: Or, The Mysteries and Crimes of Mormonism, calling the man "Brother Vogel" and making a few other subtle textual changes in reprise.

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, October 29, 1868.                                      No. 141.


A burly Brighamite, whose name indicates more pluck than his nature carries out, proposed while conversing a few days ago with an attache of this paper, announced the novel idea that his people had an undoubted right to put a stop to the issuing of any sheet that attacked their religion! The same right a Methodist community would have to destroy a Universalist printing office in their midst! And why? Because it attacked their character and families. In other words to argue that their religion is erroneous and their social system wrong is "slanderous." This is the meaning we suppose. True we have never said that a vast majority of the women in this community were unchaste, as every Brighamite paper and speaker has so often spoken of other communities. We think far better of the Utah women. We have a much better opinion of them than their "protectors;" we think one of them the equal of one man in all social and civil rights. We think she has a right to her separate property and at least a part of her children -- which it seems the men of this region do not believe if we may judge by their laws -- and we think too that she has just as good a right to be sole mistress in her own house as man has to be sole master. Is there anything "slanderous" in that? But we were speaking of our destructive friend. He proposed to "bet $500 that the Reporter office would be cleaned out before Spring and the Mormons would do it." After the example of Christ, we suppose, when He and his disciples went about Judea, smashing every Roman institution that did not happen to suit them. Our attache did not happen to have cash about him so the bet stands open. At certain periods the Utah press flame out in gushing invitations to everybody to come and "argue with the people, show them, prove to them from Scripture and history if you can &c." Now that is just what we came here to do, so you need not say we "were not invited." And now you surely would not requite our condescension by destroying our property and making of us "a slovenly, unhandsome corpse" between earth and heaven. We never thought we could cast a good picture "taken in that position." Hence we have taken ample measures to guard against it. Such a mode of ending an argument reminds us of an anecdote. The Prussian, Fredrick the Great, was very fond of argument, but as he invariably ended one by collaring his opponent and kicking him (or even her) till out of breath, it became in time rather difficult for him to find anyone to dispute his theories. One day he enlarged at some length to one of his courtiers on a subject wherein he knew the latter differed from him, but could get nothing beyond a quiet assent to whatever he said. Finally he roared out in great wrath: "Well, sir, and why don't you dispute the point as you once did?" "It is impossible, your Majesty," was the reply, "to argue with a monarch who has such earnest convictions and wears such heavy boots." It is slow work arguing with a people who are strictly forbidden to listen to us and liable to sudden destruction if they believe us. But we will give our betting friend a chance conditionally, a bet on a bet. We will wager $500 that if this office is destroyed before Spring, before another spring the "bulwarks of Zion" will be leveled to the ground, if it takes a gallon of blood for every letter in this paper and a life for every brick in these walls.


Great Salt Lake City, Oct. 27, 68.          
Editor Reporter -- Sir: -- I can assure you that the stand you have taken of late, is highly satisfactory to many of the people of this Territory, not alone of the Gentile class (so-called by our Prophet, Seer and Revelator) but by thorough-going Mormons, myself among them. I myself profess to be a believer in the Revelation given through Joseph Smith, and I am prepared to defend those principles and precepts from the Bible alone or from the Book of Mormon and Doctrine and Covenants, which contain the articles of our faith. So long as you attack its abuses and not its doctrines you will have the approval of the best members of this community, I know, for there is a great gulf between Mormonism as taught in these books and the things taught by our Pope, and the people are beginning to see men as trees walking, and many, I know, have come to the conclusion to think for themselves, and when that is the case you know it is impossible to hold them in bondage long. I know that assassination is a means long used to get rid of troublesome subjects and all disaffected members of the Mormon Church, and I advise all such to be careful and prepared. Beware of fascinating females, that may try to allure you, for they are sometimes used to accomplish things that cannot be secretly done in any other way. Be prepared for any emergency; keep your eye open all the time, and do not suppose that things will subside and that you will be safe in a few weeks, for I can assure you they will watch you for years and lay in wait for you to entrap you, but you need not be afraid of them, if you are armed, for greater cowards do not live on the earth. I shall probably write you and explain myself more fully in some future correspondence, for I want to defend Mormonism, and for all outsiders to know that what goes forth to the world for Mormonism is nothing of it, as far from it as Hell is from Heaven, and when the United States Government is able and willing to take up the government of this Territory and defend its subjects, I am prepared to meet the champion of the Rocky Mountains, Orson Pratt, and to prove that the Church has apostatized from all the principles of the gospel as taught in the Doctrine and Covenants, Book of Mormon and Bible. The doctrines of sending people to "hell across lots," blood atonements murder and all licentiousness and abominal practices now taught by Brigham Young, are utterly at variance with the doctrines and precepts of those nooks, and are Brigham Young's alone and not Mormonism. If I had the same chance here, and could be permitted to speak to a peaceable and quiet congregation, as be had in my native country, I would meet him any day, but I do not wish to run the gauntlet at the risk of my life by meeting him in Utah until the Government will put an end to this Reign of Terror, for you spoke the truth the other day when you stated that ten had lost their lives by these men to one they had lost. Truly a "Book of Martyrs" could be made equal to Foxe's, of the persecutions in this Territory, and I could contribute considerable to its pages. I will write again and designate one subject after another, and take them up and quote from our Books and compare them with these practices of the present day. I withhold my name for reasons you will understand.
Respectfully Yours,     A. B. C.          
A Mormon of twenty years standing.          

We publish this morning a communication which will interest many and explains itself. Though we do not concur in many of our correspondent's views, they are entitled to consideration, and these columns are open to him as well as to any others who have information to offer for the good of the public.

Laborers are now becoming scarce in this vicinity, the railroad grading east and west giving employment to all who are in want of work. Advertisements of men and teams wanted stare a person in the face at every turn. High wages are being paid. Jno F. Nounnan & Co. want a number of stone cutters and masons on their contract near Bear River, at $5 per day and board. Those few corner bummers that now infect the city would appear far more respectable in the gear of a "scraper" or with a shovel in their hands, than they do on the corners staring at passers by.

On Monday the U. P. R. R. laid seven and half miles of track, passing the advanced stake of the Central Pacific. This exceeds the great feat of track-laying by the C. P. R. R. some time ago.

The News of last evening says something against Frank Blair, the Democratic candidate for Vice President "in America," because he "spouted" something about Brigham Young and his followers. Brigham's Cannon discharges a little over a column at "Frank," and, no doubt, when that gentleman is "struck" with the "missile" he will consider himself hors de combat. Mighty is Brigham, and laud thunders his Cannon!

Note: The editor of the San Francisco Daily Alta California quoted the "burly Brighamite" incident in his issue for Nov. 9, 1868, and added: "That Gentile has pluck and does not want for imagination. We sincerely hope for the sake of the Mormon Zion that he will be left undisturbed, and that his sanguinary picture of a life for a brick and gallon of blood for a type may never be witnessed. The Reporter does not believe that the founders of the Christian Church went about Judea smashing every Roman institution that did not suit them."

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, October 30, 1868.                                      No. 142.


The editor of the Evening News is quite a wag. While all the editors in the Eastern States are giving a variety of reasons why the Democracy failed in the late elections, our cotemporary has hit the mark the first attempt. Blair is the man who did the evil. Not that his noted "war letter" or his natural violence of mind or his intemperance had anything to do with with it. Not at all. Frank has denounced "polygamy and Asiatic institutions," and henceforth he is doomed. In his issue of the 28th the News-man goes into an extended notice of Blair's great speech at Indianopolis, Indiana, giving that gentleman a thorough overhauling, ending with the remark that "the speech would not be worth five minutes attention if the speaker were not the nominee of a great national party." Now, we had always supposed that the Church here was perfectly indifferent as to political parties in the States, and were at a loss to understand this suidden attack, until we saw in Blair's speech this passage:
"What is to be the effect of negro manhood suffrage, invited to come in and take control of our fair country women? It is all Mormon suffrage -- this whole brood of new citizenships without distinction of race or former condition is all of polygamous origins. In the course of time with Negroes, Chinese, Indians and Mormons, all of nations in certain sections of the country making its laws, what is to be the portion of the gentle sex?"
After an eloquent description of the condition of women in all polygamous countries (unfortunately too true) Blair asks:
"Does this not plainly speak the purpose of the Radicals to be the opening up of States, in which the polygamous races are given the sawy, to Mormon devices of multiplying laborers by enslaving woman? The Salt Lake enterprise may assist them. They may see in the extension of the practice in Utah a solution of their difficulties arising from the great and increasing majorities against them in the free States of the North."
Now, it may not be known to the News, as it certainly is to us, that if the people of Indiana had actually believed that negro suffrage tended to polygamy, the Democrats would have had a majority in that State of about a thousand to one. If the people thought that "polygamous races," to-wit: the Chinese and Negroes, were not to leave off their heathenish customs under the influence of American institutions, we imagine the prejudice against them would be increased tenfold, if that were possible. If Blair's head were as clear on all other subjects as it is on that, we should expect to have him for Vice President for at least four years. As for the barefaced and shameless assertion that polygamy puts an end to the "social evil" or has the slightest tendency that way, Blair does not see it, and points to the conduct of the aforesaid polygamists -- the Chinese and Negroes -- to show that such is not the case, and, though not so well posted as our cotemporaries in regard to the "social evil" we think the argument is with him. It is barely possible there are a hundred voters in Indiana who would object to Frank P. Blair on account of his dislike to polygamy, but in twenty years residence in that State we never met one. The fun of the News' article consists in the quiet assumption that some noted politicians were unfortunate because they spoke against Utah institutions. Stephen A. Douglas failed because he "denounced the Mormons, miserably failed, staltified himself and brought down upon himself the condemnation of his own party." Such trifling questions as slavery extension or abolition, the preservation of the Union or the like had nothing to do with it! Nor is it material to the issue, we suppose, that not one man in a thousand who voted against Douglas even knew that he had ever made a speech denouncing polygamy! Or that Blair was really condemned long before he spoke of Chinese, Negroes, Indians and "other polygamous races." An old politician sinks and fails and all at once it is apparent that he does so because "he denounced Brighamism." "What a noise and dust we kick up," said the fly on the coach wheel!

The rapid approach of the U. P. R. R. towards Salt Lake Valley has awakened a lively interest among those who purpose to make an early real estate investment in the "great central city of the future." Where is it to be, now that the road is actually being built north of the Lake? Somewhere between the mouth of Weber Canyon and the northwest point of the Lake, at the most convenient spot for staging and freighting to Montana, Idaho, Oregon and Washington, is to be a city of permanent importance. That part of the valley between Bear River and the Weber, though to a great extent unsettled, is fertile, and with little irrigation will produce all the fruits and grains of the Temperate Zone. Timber can be brought there by either stream; ditching for water purposes can be done at a moderate expense, and both valley and mountain hollows abound in the finest pastures. Within a distance of ten miles there are as many favorable sites. Where will it be?

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, October 31, 1868.                                      No. 143.


In the year 1852 one Bishop Gladden [sic - Gladden Bishop?] took the liberty to think for himself even in Utah. The consequence was that he differed from Brigham. It was quite a novelty then. but has become more common since; not too common yet, however. As soon as the existence of a sect called the "Gladdenites" was known, they were made the subjects of a furious persecution. Eternal woe was denounced upon all who should countenance or have any dealings with them, and all the authorities were ordered to prevent them from preaching or holding any meetings whatever. By force, fraud and violence, and by taking the matter in its beginning, the "Gladdenites" were finally "converted," and a few of them sent to Heaven at once, lest they might lose their religion again and not get there at all. Will any honest Brighamite deny these facts? Again in 1860 one John Morris had another "revelation," or thought he had, which was just the same, as far as concerned his legal right to preach and make converts. His followers, very unwisely, we think, resisted some of Brigham's civil officers, and the Nauvoo missionaries were sent out to the number of a thousand or two, to "convert" them. After an obstinate defense, which showed that their pluck was better than their judgment, the "Morrisites" surrendered and stacked arms under promise of fair treatment. The Saint commanding them then rode into their camp and called for their leader, when a poor, helpless old man was pointed out to him. After a few words he drew his pistol and murdered the prisoner in cold blood; at the same time two others were killed. Will some saintly casuist point out to us wherein this murder differed materially from that of Joseph Smith? What was their "treacherous" or dastardly in that murder which was not more so un this? Both had resisted process they deemed without proper authority, both became prisoners under solemn promise if legal protection. But it makes a great difference whose ox is gored. Those who talk so fluently of "persecution" regard the murder of Morris merely as "a proper enforcement of authority." What right have such men to claim toleration? Is it not a rather awkward commentary on such a claim that the son of your first prophet could not be allowed to preach in Salt Lake City? In this connection we clip the following invitation from a Brighamite paper:
"If it be thought the Mormons are teaching and acting contrary to the will of God, let them be convinced of it, by sound arguments, as well as by gentle words, then they will reform. Argue with them, teach them, prove to them that they are wrong. The halls and houses here are open to you and the people will listen."
At the same time people are forbidden to attend Gentile preaching; those who listen to or entertain such are marked, and from past experience it is not at all certain that their lives are safe. People are publicly cautioned and privately warned to keep away from Sabbath Schools, and those who follow the first prophet, rather than the last, are denounced by the latter as "worse than those who damn the Mormons and all Mormonism." And still harping on 'persecution!" Is it possible men do not see the absurdity and inconsistency of such talk with such action! But we are happy to announce that the above invitation has been accepted. Some have come and many are coming and as it becomes a certainty that we are once more under the United States Government, thousands will be ready to shew both by argument and example that there is a condition better than either polygamy or prostitution, Brigham to the contrary notwithstanding.

The following is a very pleasant bit of news, but as it is a "special" to an eastern paper from a gentleman in Lawrence, Ks., who saw the man who had the letter which was written by a gentleman in Denver who spoke to the "man just arrived," we have our private doubts that it is any more reliable than an ordinary prophecy: A gentleman writes that a man just arrived at Denver from Salt Lake reports that Brigham Young had recently had a revelation requiring the Saints to abandon polygamy in every form. This command, which has just been revealed to the Mormon chieftain, Brigham proposes to obey, and not only will he but will also require his followers to put away every wife but one. Cheyenne Leader.

Brigham informs us confidentially that he had no such revelation. On the contrary, he purposes to still further [------] himself conjugally, and steadfastly remain in his somewhat married condition.

MELANCHOLY ACCIDENT. -- From passengers just from the East we learn the particulars of an accident to one of the drivers of Wells, Fargo & Co.'s coaches, which occurred at Yellow Creek Hill, 80 miles east of this city, on the morning of Thursday, the 29th instant. While the coach was making the westward descent it was capsized, causing the immediate death of the driver, Shade Collyer, who was thrown with such violence as to dislocate his neck. It is supposed, though little is really known of the cause, that the deceased allowed the coach to start too rapidly on the descent, when it soon got beyond his control, resulting as stated. Of the nine passengers in the coach but two sustained any injury, Gen. J . W. Clampitt and J. Q. Knowlton, and they but slight ones. The deceased was a careful and experienced driver, and had been driving stage on the overland off and on for about eight years. His home was in Carlisle, Illinois, where he has a sister residing, and probably other near and dear relatives.

Note: John Wesley Clampitt wrote the "guest editorial" featured in the Reporter of Oct. 9th.

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, November 1, 1868.                                  No. 144.


The leader in the Telegraph of the 28th ult., marks quite an advance on the position assumed a few weeks ago. Then the avowed object was to 'freeze out" and starve out all Gentile merchants, and several workers did not hesitate to hint at still more effective modes of getting rid of such "vile institutions" as papers and schools which taught a different policy from the one now dominant. But there has been time since to hear from other sources; exchanges have arrived which show the view a liberal and commercial people take of such matters, and now our cotemporary labors to show that the late decree of non-intercourse breathes no spirit of violence or histility. "Have we not a right," he pathetically demands, "to trade with our brethren in preference to others?" Certainly you have, we answer, but when the "Church of Jesus Christ" forbids its members to buy or sell only within certain limits, regardless of their private interests, do you not suspect that Church is going a little beyond what Christ commanded, that it is taking charge of the individual conscience in a matter which ought to be left free? What is the true force of an embargo on trade? Is it not looked upon in every country as an act of histility? Is it not between nations a quasi declaration of war, which usually accompanies or precedes actual war? But have you not an undoubted right to cut off your trade from outsiders? Certainly you have a legal right to do so, just as any man has a legal right to declare there is no God and that we ought to worship the Devil. But such a man must expect rather harsh criticism from his neighbors, and you must expect that your neighbors will understand your action to mean just what all such actions have meant in every age of the world, that is hostility. Let us take a historical view of the question. In all the civil wars and commotions in Europe for two hundred years we do not remember a case where one class or sect was forbidden to trade with another, when party passion was at its highest point. For many years the Jews in Europe were subjected to most bitter persecution, they were denied all political and many civil rights, but they were at the same time the leading merchants everywhere. Commerce as far as possible was unrestricted. The dark ages even made no war upon that. Is it surprising then that such a sweeping edict against free trade was looked upon everywhere as the opening of hostilities. If our friends are mistaken in that view, they certainly have good precedents for their conclusions. The question is this: Do the Mormons desire to make friends or enemies? If the former, which policy is the more apt to succeed; free trade, free argument, free social intercourse, the mutual interchange of good offices, ideas and attentions; or the exact opposite, proscriptions, threats, abuse and attempts at intimidation? We hope the Telegraph will continue to reason the case and in time we may have the pleasure of welcoming it into the ranks of liberal papers.

The Evening Telegraph has information that the railroad work in Weber Canyon is being pushed forward with the utmost vigor and energy. The contractors seem to be confident of their ability to complete their work and be ready for the iron-horse. The tunneling is said to be progressing as fast as could be desired, the men working day and night without cessasation. Governor Stanford, President of the Central Pacific Railroad, Montague, Chief Engineer, and George E. Gray, Consulting Engineer, reached our city yesterday. They came from the end of the track by way of Humboldt Wells.

Note: The authorship of the above presumed John H. Beadle editorial has not yet been verified. At various times after Oct. 20th his "voice" appears to be detectable in the columns of the Reporter, but prior to Nov. 1st not every published item in the paper is attributable to his pen. Presumably he wrote the Nov. 1st editorial several days after Samuel S. Saul departed Salt Lake City, leaving Beadle to "hold down the fort" as the newspaper's temporary boss. But by November 1st Beadle was well into the process of taking over the newspaper and becoming editor in his own right.

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, November 3, 1868.                                  No. 145.


We have been so engrossed in this section with our little job of building the inter-oceanic railway that we are apt to forget that great movements are going on just now in other parts of the world. England now has overland communication by telegraph with China, and her leading engineers are busy devising plans whereby they may secure a larger share of the trade of that Empire. The most extensive scheme presented is to build a railroad from China southward to the British possessions in India, from which there will be continuous ship navigation to Liverpool across the Arabian Gulf and Red Sea, and through the Suez ship canal and Mediterranean Sea to the Atlantic; thus avoiding the Cape of Good Hope passage and the entire region of monsoons, hurricanes and equatorial "dead latitudes." Of the practicability of such a railway and new channel for the Chinese trade, we are not prepared to judge, but the fact that it is proposed and gravely discussed shows what importance is attached to the Union Pacific Railway by British merchants and statesmen. Another work proposed and proved to be practicable is a ship canal across the Isthmus in Central America, joining the Atlantic and Pacific. The effect of this, in connection with the U. P. R. R., will be to bring the Chinese and other Eastern Asiatics to our doors as it were, to bring us into as close and frequent communion with them as we now are with the nations of Europe. Even with her proposed China-India railway, we will still have the advantage of England by a few thousand miles in carrying trade between Eastern Asia and Western Europe. The late Burlingame treaty between our Government and China marks a great advance in the foreign policy of that Empire, and the singular spectacle is thus presented of the oldest nation in the world and the youngest becoming allies and co-partners in trade. We want their silks and tea, but do we want them? As citizens or any other way? California has repeatedly and emphatically said No. Still they come, and we must probably make up our minds to accept them in some capacity, taking pains to convert them from polygamy and heathenism as soon as possible. But what have all these things to do with us here in Utah? In the "great and glorious future" of our Fourth of July orations, when the National Debt is lightened, polygamy abolished and universal good feeling restored, what is to be the standing of Utah? It will evidently be a good one. Our central position at once gives us importance as to the main line East and West, but more than this, here or near here is the natural point for important Northern and Southern connections. A few years ago it was the general understanding in Oregon that railways were to be built around the impassable places in the Columbia and Snake rivers, and from the head of navigation on the latter stream less than two hundred miles of railway to Salt Lake would put all this region in easy communication with Oregon. But we have got past all that, and now propose to disregard the Snake river entirely and have a railway direct to Walla Walla and Portland. This road will run through or near the gold regions of Idaho, and if only finished to Walla Walla, will bring us to water navigation with the Pacific Ocean by little more than two-thirds the railway distance to Sacramento, and avoiding by the Columbia River the great work of surmounting the Sierra Nevada. Meanwhile the Oregonians are working northward with commendable zeal. By making a road from White Bluffs, the present head of navigation on the Columbia, to a point some hundred and fifty miles north, they will cut off the impassable bend in that river and reach it again about the 18th parallel, whence it is navagible for two hundred miles farther north, away into British Columbia and its famous gold region, the Cariboo country. The Kootenai region, containing the lately discovered mines of which we published an account a few days ago, lies somewhat to the east of this route, but can probably be reached more cheaply in that way than by wagon road through upper Montana. So much for our future neighbors, and allies on the North.

Our Southern connections will probably be developed more slowly. but still surely and will bring us important products. This valley, with favorable connections, will be a natural supply point for much of the region north of us. Parties coming from Idaho, Oregon, Washington and British Columbia to points South and East will find this their best route, and with those going north from more southern points. The most arable land of Utah lies in a long strip from north to south, furnishing the natural line for a great highway; with increased trade and travel, agriculture will be stimulated, the growth of cotton in the Southern districts will be greatly increased and our magnificent water power will be employed in extended manufactures. Our climate is favorable, our scenery attractive, and our soil can be made very productive. Taken all in all our chance is pretty good in the great future that is to be.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, November 4, 1868.                                  No. 146.


Yesterday the voters of the United States decided the great question who is to sway the destinies of this country for the next four years. It was a grave, an important decusion. The issues before the people were more fundamental, more nearly linked to the basis principles of government, than was probably ever the case before. Up to the year 1854, the main question was how trade should be managed and revenue raised, and how it should be applied; but this election is to try the question whether eleven States even possess a government, or whether four million persons are or are not American citizens. And it seems to be well understood by both parties that both those questions will by this election be laid at rest in American politics. There is no dodging the issue either, the platforms of the parties confront each other so clearly that the most unlettered man need not be mistaken. What then is our interest in the success of either? The Republicans hold that a government like ours, has all the rights in dealing with rebellion that a monarchy, at least a limited monarchy, can have; that the rebellion on the part of the eleven Southern States was utterly causeless; that ar its close, all State Governments in the South were at an end, they no longer existed, and to all practical purposes those States were the same as "dead." They further maintain that when the war ended, as there were no legal State governments in the South, the United States Government had a right, and it was its duty, to take charge of all those States, to govern them by National authority, to preserve order there by the aid of United States officers and troops, and to consider the State authority there as simply a remnant of the rebellion and of no legal effect whatever. They claimed too that Congress had the same right to make all needful rules and regulations for those States, as it has for this or any other Territory, to decide what laws should be valid and who should vote, and in time admit those States into the Union under these new regulations just as they would admit or reject at will any Territory. And under this power, so claimed, Congress passed an "Enabling Act,' better known as a "Reconstruction Act,' for those States, made all the negroes voters, and disfranchised those whites who had formerly held office [formerly] and afterwards gone into rebellion. This new class of voters called conventions, framed new constitutions, set up new State Governments under them, and held elections where both whites and blacks voted; and the State Governments so framed were recognized by Congress, and the representatives so chosen admitted to the Senate and House of Representatives. All this action is endorsed by the Republicans as lawful and correct.

The Democrats hold nearly the exact opposite of all these points. They maintain in the first place that, admitting the rebellion to have been without cause, the Government only had power to punish individual rebels in the mode pointed out by the Constitution; that a State, as such, could not rebel or do any act to put an end to its existence as a State, that at the close of the war all the Southern State Constitutions remained in full force as ever, and their State Governments only needed to be put in running order to be entitled to reprsentation in the Senate and House. As a logical result of these views they hold that Congress had no right to interfere with the governments of the Southern States, as they started in 1865 just after the war; that they ought to have admitted those States at once, and that failing in that duty all Congress has done since is simply usurpation. As to negroes voting, they hold, in the first place, that it was brought about illegally, and even if it had been done legally it would be bad policy, dangerous, inexperient and contrary to thr true theory of our Government. Of course they regard the present State Governments in the South, made by a mixed vote of whites and blacks, as without legal foundation, plainly speaking, bogus.

It will be seen that two parties could not well differ more widely. There are collateral questions of finance and the like, but this is the main issue. It is idle to say that because we cannot vote in Utah we are therefore without interest. The result of yesterday's contest will affect "Saint," Jew and "Gentile," with a mighty power for good or evil. If the Republican party with General Grant at their head carry the day, it is reasonably certain that in a few years the negroes and possibly the Chinese will be American citizens with every legal and civil right claimed by ourselves, though we do not share the fear of some that we "will have to marry their daughters or they ours." The party, too, is fully committed to the completion of the Pacific Railroad, its connections, and to the extension of the Homestead Law over all the territories, including Utah, which question is just now now agitating some of our citizens. It may be of interest too, dor the "brethren" to know that a leading principle of all forms of religion, while at the same time as a Republican Congress passed the law against polygamy, they are under a sort of obligation to enforce it. On the other hand again it may be some comfort to reflect that the leading Republicans -- viz: Greeley, Colfax, Bross and others -- have advised only moral means for working against the institution -- that is by settlement and new society, argument, education and the like, while no force is to be used; and finally it strikes us just now, as a noteworthy fact, that all the "persecutions" of which Brigham so feelingly complains have come from Democratic and pro-slave sources, and all the Republicans have ever done was to speak of slavery and polygamy as "twin relics of barbarism," which insulted the South nearly as bad as it did the Mormons. So we think the "brethren" have little to fear from the probable result. Of course the success of the Republicans will render the new States, based on equal suffrage, a fixed fact in our system. Whether negro suffrage will prove a blessing or a curse remains to be seen. We have our doubts and fears. But the comfort remains that if things don't go right we can "break the joint over again" and start reconstruction once more on some other basis. The present danger is that a party which hasbeen in power eight years, flushed with this new success, will carry matters with such a high hand as to endanger the delicate machinery of government. But Utah has this confort, we will certainly share in whatever public benefits follow a Republican victory, while if negro suffrage and the like should prove a great evil, it will not effect us. From our latest dispatches it is hardly worth while to argue the possible results flowing from a Democratic triumph. But there is no certainty till the full returns are in. If they succeed we will have the pleasure of standing off two thousand miles while they still further reconstruct the South on a white basis purely. For our part we could get along with Seymour, but our Mormon friends know what to expect from Blair. The Evening News has informed them of his Indianopolis speech, breathing destruction, tribulation and wrath on all "Chinese, Niggers, Indians Mormons and other polygamous races." We suspect the "brethren" are putting up fervent prayers for the success of Grant and Colfax.

ELECTION DAY. -- The election day passed off very quietly in this city yesterday. It was just as well to have it so, as our votes would hardly effect the general result. Feeling, however, that we were still in the United States, Mr. T. C. Dunn, next door to the Salt Lake House, and Mr. E. W. Pratt, the patriotic cigar and oyster man of the Revere House, opened polls, where the result at sundown stood thusly:

Seymour and Blair.......... 43
Grant and Colfax.............35
      Total......................... 80
Grant and Colfax.............45
Seymour and Blair.......... 35
      Total......................... 82
A vote was taken at Camp Douglas, of which only the majorities are reported as follows:
Company C, for Seymour and Blair.......... 15 maj.
Company G, for Seymour and Blair............ 9 maj.
Company K, for Seymour and Blair.............7 maj.
      Total.................................................. 31 maj.
The country is safe once more.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, November 5, 1868.                                  No. 147.


It is a noteworthy fact that visitors who come here without any marked predilictions for or against the institutions of Utah, nearly always form a more favorable opinion at first than they have after a few months' residebce. As the Bishop of the Thirteenth Ward said in his sermon some weeks ago: "they come here and seem to like us very much, they cannot say enough in praise of everything they see; they are quite charmed, in fact; but after a while they find they don't like us quite as well as they thought; so there's no trusting them unless they become one with us." The Bishop hit the mark exactly and as far as this fact is proved, by unchallenged Mormon testimony we ask them to give it a careful thought to see what is the case with those who have no defined religious belief, men to whom all religions are alike as such, and who only interest themselves in and criticize social and civil institutions. We conversed with one such a few days ago, a gentleman of varied and extensive travel, whose views were liberal, even to looseness. He reached this city at a time of general prosperity, when there seemed to be nothing but good feeling among all classes. Leading Mormons met him cordially, treated him courteously and gave him all the information be desired, both as to business and general facts. He saw all moving smoothly and everything quiet on the surface, he was charmed with nature's beauty and began to have many friends among the Mormons themselves. He became in some sort their advocate. held long arguments in favor of those whom he considered a maligned and injured people. And thus for six weeks. Three months after that same man was the most inveterate enemy of Brighamism to be found in Utah! It is easy enough to say that men's religious prejudices are excited. But this man had no religion. Or that it is their interest to change. But this man would probably have been better off to-day if he had talked differently. These reasons will not do. We invite the candid attention of our Mormon friends to such cases. Let us see if you can give any better reason than they give for their views. Men of quiet tastes arrive here from the new railroad towns where the offscourings of Christendom are gathered to indulge in all manner of vice, and the apparent change strikes them with great force and effect. They are charmed with the quiet and order and beauty that seem to prevail on every hand, and in all conversations it is carefully impressed upon their minds that these good effects are the simple result of Brighamism and the institutions set up under it. Much more is claimed than really exists and the visitor finding things seemingly so much better than he expected, is led to think them better than they really are. But as he progresses in knowledge his views of this "quiet and order and beauty" begin to change. He finds that this quiet is the quiet of despotism, this order is of the kind that "reigned in Warsaw" on a certain historic occasion, when the heel of the conqueror was on fifty thousand necks, and to murmur was to be crushed. He finds too that the beauty is mostly of Nature's making, and as to the boasted virtue and honesty, he soon sees that it is as in manf other communities, good, bad, and indifferent. As he penetrates deeper into the social and domestic he finds many things he considered gross crimes taught and practiced under the name of religion. Then reaction begins in his mind. He feels indignant at the deception put upon him and soon feels that those vices which are concealed and covered up by priestly authority are infinitely worse than those open, boldfaced ones he has left. Anger burns more fiercely against vice which has hidden in virtue's garb than against that which stands forth in its true colors. Such is the experience of one, and is it not the case nine times out of ten with the fair-minded Gentile? And this is the crime of Brighamism; that a certain class of religious leaders can so put on the appearance of virtue as to deceive both those within and without, their own followers and their visitors. Mormon friends, are not these facts worthy of serious thought? Do we "slander" you in saying your institutions only produce the semblance of virtue upon the outside.
"While rank corruption, mining all within,
Works greedily unseen?"
If we do, then take the testimony of your most trusted leaders, one of whom said in a public sermon that he "could not trust his women out of his sight, but was determined to have them all in one house under his own eye." If this is "slanderous" it is the testimony of your own witness. Think of it!

IMPUDENCE. -- In our occasional remarks on Brighamism we have never charged them with this particular vice. We did not think them an impudent race exactly, but it strikes us our friend of the Telegraph has slightly displayed that faculty by going, after weeks of labor to cut off, starve out and freeze out all Gentile merchants, to beg other Gentiles for patronage! This looks strange. And having gained it, the editor chuckles over the fact (in his yesterday's issue) that he has done so in spite of his war on Gentiles here. This may be Mormon modesty, but it look to us very much like old-fashioned impudence.

Note: The content of Mr. Beadle's "The Reason Why" editorial largely parallels that of his November 13th "Salt Lake City Letter," as addressed to the Cincinnati Commercial.

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, November 6, 1868.                                  No. 148.


By looking over the statistics of European countries we find some very curious facts in regard to increase of population. In this country, especially in the West, we are so accustomed to see new cities spring up in the wilderness, very often to die again, and to witness the creation of new States, that we are apt to conclude that we are fast depleting the resources of older countries, decreasing their population in fact. When we go to our Eastern States we find Massachusetts, for instance, is still gaining population as fast as some of the central Western States.

Bur crossing the ocean we are more surprised to observe that France has gained ninety per cent. within one century, that is, her population has nearly doubled since the early days of Washington. Crossing the channel the wonder is still greater. Two hundred years ago, in the reign of Charles II, the whole of England contained but 5,000,000 persons, not quite twice as many as the city of London now has!... From these and other countries it is found that in Europe generally there are a hundred and five boys born for every one hundred girls; that is, the boys are in a majority of five out of two hundred. We would naturally suspect then that every twentieth man would be docially and matrimonially superfluous. But not so, for at the age of twenty-five (legal majority in Switzerland) the proportion is just the other way, that is, there are a hundred and five women to every hundred men, showing that out of every two hundred children ten more boys die than girls. This accords with every mother's experience of the serious accidents to which boys are exposed, and which the girls nearly entirely escape...

When we come to America we find the rule varied. In nearly all the Eastern States there are more women than men; not so many, however, as is generally supposed, still a small majority; but when we get West of a line drawn through cenreal Ohio, the proportion increases rapidly the other way, till in the States and Territories west of the Mississippi there are 400,000 more men than women! Nor is this over-balanced in the East, as many think, for the women have a majority of only 38,000 in a population of 1,400,000; that is, they outnumber the men only about one in forty. Striking a balance for the whole Union it is shown that in 1860 there were 730,000 more men than women. Nor was this changed by the war, as many think, for those States which took a five yearly census show that the change has been very slight; that is, enough women have died, or boys born, to keep nearly the same proportion. In the State of Indiana there were, in 1860, 80,000 more men than women. That State lost about 10,000 men in the war which, it will be seen, fell far short of destroying the male majority. So taking our entire country together, allowing 50,000 men for a regular army and 600,000 more for old bachelors, tramps, dead-beats, come-outers and adventurers, who are of no use to women or anybody else, there would be just one woman for one man in honest marriage. The question will suggest itself right here. Did an impartial God intend for fifteen men to live old bachelors perforce that Brigham Young might have sixteen wives? Who gave one man a right to "cabbage" sixteen men's shares of angelic perfection.

Late last evening we were informed that a compromise had been effected between the Union Pacific Railroad and the Central Pacific Railroad Companies in regard to the limit of their grading now under contract between Promontory Point and Humboldt Wells. The companies have agreed to grade only to Monument Point. But it is not to be considered the terminus of either road. The company reaching there first has the privilege to extend their road beyond the Point, no matter whether it be the Central coming East, or the Union going West. The grading is to be pushed torward the same as heretofore, but only for one road. This is about the sum and substance of the compromise.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, November 7, 1868.                                  No.149.

On Thursday evening three children of John Kimball, one of James Bromley, and an adopted daughter of Moses Thurston, were poisoned and taken seriously ill by eating the seeds of caperberries in the garden of Thurston. Drs. Tait and Ormsbay were called in and by the prompt administration of remedies the children were yesterday considered out of danger.

Since writing last to the Reporter, I had ridden over five hundred and twenty miles more of the Union Pacific Railroad, and I cannot refrain from saying again that it is tbe best and smoothest road I ever rode upon, and my fellow passengers on the trip unanimously concur with me in this opinion. I arrived here this morning. This is my first visit to Omaha, and I find it a pleasant, thriving city -- a desirable place to dwell in. A friend whom I met here tells me that six hundred new houses at least have been put up in the town this season, and that 3,500 were registered for the election which took piece to-day, and that the whole population numbers at least 20,000. The Union Pacific Railroad Company has located the site for a bridge across the Missouri river here, and will build it this Winter. The level of this bridge will be sixty feet above the stream.

Twelve engineers on the Union Pacific Railroad were discharged last week for an unwillingness to run on the night trains.

Note: The date of the two railroad news items remains undetermined. Their publication may have occurred on Nov. 6th.

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, November 8, 1868.                                  No. 150.


As returns and exchanges come in slowly we are pleased to observe that after all the heat and acrimony of the Presidential campaign, there is a general disposition among the people to settle down and quietly acquiesce in the result. This is as it should be. It is so common with politicians during every canvass, to din the public ear with asseverations that "this is the most important ever held since the days of Washington, on this contest hangs the destiny of the country, &c." that many quiet people have fallen into the habit of considering all elections alike, mere contests for power and office. But this is going just as far to the other extreme. There are principles at stake and great ones, though very unworthy men may sometimes advocate them, and his patriotism has but a shallow foundation, who allows the result of one or two or three elections to destroy his interest in politics or make him despair of his country. And though the saying be hackneyed the election just passed has been of unusual importance, and as to the civil excitements, every nation under Heaven has had them just the same, but we have had them less often and recovered from them sooner than any other. It took a hundred years to pacify Germany after her great war, twenty-five for England, sixty for France, and if we should be ten years in reconstructing the South it will not be an unreasonable time. What we now see is but the "fround swell" after a hurricane. A riot in which fifty persons lose their lives is not an unnatural occurrence after a war in which six thousand were killed in one battle. When the foundations of society were turned upside down for four years in ten States, is it strange that they should not be perfectly settled in three? As to another war, it is idle to expect it. If the South could not gain her cause when she had the arms, the forts, the ships, the treasure and the slaves to start with, will she try it now, after losing the flower of her youth and with half a million former slaves ready to fight against her? Every late traveler through the North must have observed that nearly all the bitterness engendered by the war has passed. In certain neighborhoods we could name in Indiana and Illinois there was a complete social division in '63 and '64; men of one party had as few business or personal relations with the others as possible, and young Republicans would as soon have thought of making a voyage to Calcutta as of calling on a Democratic young lady. But all this has passed away and complete cordiality is the rule in three-fourths of the country to-day. And so it will be in all the States. Commerce and association will fast remove those hatreds. But there are a few who will not be forgotten. Those who stirred up strife and those vile characters on either side who took advantage of civil commotion to perpetuate outrages will be remembered and execrated. But the mass of the people will stand just as they did before. New issues will arise, new parties will be formed and many who three years ago thought themselves in eternal histility will stand side by side and vote for the same measures without a thought of the past.

From J. H. Clifton, just arrived from that locality, we learn that Gilmer is going forward with rapid strides. Clifton left that point on Thursday morning' on horseback, and reached this city the next evening. Gilmer has something near a thousand inhabitants and is receiving large accessions daily, having already absorbed the whole of Green River City and part of Bryan. On Thursday morning the track-layers were only twenty-six miles east of Gilmer, near Byrnes' ranch, where it is proposed to have the stages connect for a few days.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, November 10, 1868.                                  No. 150.


We see by the late European papers that the English government in India has made another forward move in their work of oppressing the native Hindoos. This is nothing less than the forcible conversion or extermination of the Thugs! And who are the Thugs? Some innocent will ask? To properly understand just who they are it must be remembered that the natives of British India are divided into a number of castes and again into various religious sects. Some of these sects offer religious sacrifices, others burn their widows, still others throw infants into the Ganges. The Thugs or "Stranglers" are a race of people formerly inhabiting a central district of India whose religion commands them to strangle all strangers who fell into their hands. They seem to have received a special revelation directing in just what manner they should lie in wait and just how the fingers should clasp the victim's neck and how the dead bodies should be disposed of. Their patron goddess had commanded these things, and a Thug stood high in piety in exact proportion to the number he had throttled. One traveler speaks of a captured Thug who boasted that he had in his career strangled forty-three persons. Thus these happy people quietly pursued their religious ordinances for many generations in peace. But such is the nature of man that he can never let his neighbors' religion alone. The Hindoo "priests" influenced the minds of the people against these quiet sectaries and they were sadly persecuted. Their stock and crops were destroyed, their houses burnt, some of them killed and their women and children often indulted. But what will not a sincere people endure for their religion. The persecuted Thugs collected what little the "mob" had left them, abandoned their beautiful houses, their fertile fields and their Sacred temple under the lead of their Prophet, Seer and Chief Strangeler took their way to a secluded valley in Northern Hindoostan. After a few years they again grew powerful, erected the temples of their faith and of course claimed a sacred right to strangle whomever their prophet commanded. But the tyeanny of a cruel government had followed them to their beautiful mountain home. By a late treaty that region has become British territory and the officers of that government maintain that as strangling is considered a crime in Great Britain therefore it ought to be in British India. The absurdity of such claim need not be pointed out. Strangling is a part of these people's religion. The British power has just the same right to interfere with it as it has to forbid them worshipping Kilgoonah, their patron goddess. It is very true if one Englishman were to strangle another in London it would be a crime there, for his religion forbids it, but these Thugs have a special revelation to the contrary, and what government has a right to stand between them and their God. Itis their own affair! If outsiders are unwilling to be subject to that law let them stay away. The Thugs have never invited the Jews or the English or Americans or any other white men to come to their country. On the contrary they have repeatedly warned them to stay away and plainly told them what they might expect if they came. But somr English are so obstinate and unreasonable that they think they have a right to go anywhere in British territory and if assailed claim the protection of the Union Jack. Let them take the consequences of their own folly. True, of late years the valley of these Thugslies right on the direct road netween the Eastern and Western provinces of British India. But let the British soldiers and travelers go around it; they can surely select some other way without disturbing an innocent people in the quiet exercise of their religion. Besides the Thugs settled and improved that valley when it was not British ground. It only passed under the British title by the Treaty of Guadaloupe -- no, we mean the Treaty of Benares. As to asking them to quit their strangling and live like other people "it is just the same sort of question that might have been asked of Galileo, to give up his belief about the earth, or of Peter and John, to give up their belief about the resurrection of Christ. They know of divine knowledge that men's blood must be spilled to save their souls, and their glory in the next world will be in exact proportion to the number they have strangled in this." (See copies of the Hindoo Evening News.) But let the British government beware. They cannot stand between these stranglers and their religion and escape punishment. The Head Strangler is on their track. This "persecution" will be avenged. Once more we say to the British, Beware!!

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, November 11, 1868.                                  No. 151.


It is evident that public sentiment in this vicinity is changing for the better. The sharp tone of hostility, which was so common three weeks ago, has sensibly moderated. When it was proclaimed as the will of the Lord and the Church that men should discountenance all "outsiders," it at first seemed that, startling as the idea was, it would generally prevail. But when the first heat subsided, here and there a person of independence asserted his right to manage his private business as seemed to him best. There are many more hesitating as to their right to do so. To such we say, In a year or two from this time 50,000! "outsiders" will enter this valley. That number will bring with them many millions in money. Will this be an injury to you? Have you anything to gain by a spirit of hostility to these new comers? Will you, Mormon farmers, be worse or better off with a large number of men here to buy your produce? Will you lose or gain by an increase of trade and commerce? Suppose there should be such an influx of foreign merchants that the regular laws of competition in trade have full force, is it not better for the buyer? These men who are to come will not be penniless adventurers. The climate and scenery of Utah will bring hither thousands of seekers for health and pleasure, and their arrival will put money in circulation. Manufacturers will use your water power, agriculturalists will develop a larger breadth and you will of necessity have new neighbors of a different faith. Will it be to your interest to live at peace with them or in opposition? Is there anything in true religion that forbids you to traffic with all men, to buy where you can buy cheapest, or sell where you can sell dearest, whether it be to Greek, Roman or Jew? If so point us to the example in Christ's teachings, or in the practice of the early church. It is in your power to have peace, quiet and prosperity. Has a spirit of hostility ever brought you anything but trouble and ruin? Will you get your goods cheaper by free and unrestricted trade, or by following the arbitrary rules of men who are interfering where religion gives no right to do so. Will you peaceably share in the prosperity which is beginning, or will you get apart and aside, and nurse feelings of hatred and exclusiveness which will certainly breed trouble and possibly ruin?


This morning's issue begins the second volume of the Salt Lake Daily REPORTER. The paper was first issued on the 11th of May last in a time of great business depression, when it was exceedingly doubtful whether a Gentile paper could be sustained here at all. We are happy to state that it is now an established fact. We have kept on the even tenor of our way, attacking the enemies of truth, freedom and Americanism wherever we saw a weak point in their armor, and, judging from the howling produced through all ranks, we have done some execution. Our enemies have adopted various modes of warfare, all bearing the impress of the same split hoof, and all equally unsuccessful. At first it was thought to ignore us entirely, and, indeed, our size made it seem that we could be smothered in that way. But one man in the right is in a majority against a million, for God is on his side, and the REPORTER began to be a power. The hard facts thrown into the enemy camp penetrated many minds, and a few thinking men began to wonder why they should be oppressed, outraged and robbed in the name of the Lord. It began to be known abroad that there were a few in this region who had not bowed the knee to Baal, and patrons and friends increased. The Conference came and went, and, though about one half its labor was devoted to the task of squelching us, we persistently continued our work in the "center stake," and since that little bit of "persecution" we have gained ground faster than ever. Our humble sanctum has not, in Apostolic language, "been gutted," nor do we think it will be, neither have we enjoyed that extensive view from the summit of a telegraph pole, which was promised us by one of the Apostles in such a Christ-like manner. We are happy to anniunce an improvement in temper among our saintly neighbors. They have concluded not to drive or "freeze out" all dissenters, and seem to have waked to a realizing sense that there is a government in America as well as a God in Israel.

The business interests of this paper are flourishing, our friends are growing more numerous and both moral and pecuniary support is increasing. There is light ahead in the politico-religious atmosphere. The heavy night of gloom in which so many in Utah have walked so long is lifting, and the glorious light of a new day is dawning. Under the protection of an impartial government civil and religious liberty are to be established in Utah, instead of superstition and despotism. To this glad consummation we shall in the future as in the past devote our best energies.

"NOT WANTED." -- Under this caption the Telegraph of last evening spreads itself to some extent. This is about one of the choicest paragraphs:
"In the pursuance of this aim, which must be held by general acknowledgment to be most laudable, the presence in our community of such repulsive and debasing establishments as drinking shops, gambling dens, and houses of ill fame has been avoided almost, if not quite altogether. If our best citizens had completely pleased themselves in the matter, no such institutions, nor any of the practices they are established to favor, would have been heard of in the whole Territory, nor would they be worlds without end."
In other words the Church "ring," comprising Brigham & Co., would have run the entire "drinking shops" in the city, by driving out "outsiders," which they attempted in '65 but failed. Shpw us, if you please, a more disgusting and demoralizing sight than the one daily witnessed at the "Church saloon" within a stone's throw of this office, where the worst kind of "poison" (manufactured by Brigham's distillery) is sold to hundreds of men, women and children by the pint, quart and gallon, and swilled down without moderation! You want no respectable drinking saloons in your midst? Certainly not as long as you can profitably run such filthy "shops." And we will venture the assertion that the first dance houses in Utah, if there are to be any, will be erected and owned by some of "faith," for we are personally knowing to several instances of the kind in other localities.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, November 15?, 1868.                                  No. 155?

We were informed yesterday by arrivals from Bear River that the track was expected to be laid to that place by last evening and construction trains running. This cannot be far from the truth, as construction trains were running within twenty miles from Bear River on Tuesday last, and it is highly probable considering the rapidity with which the track has been laid lately, that the locomotive greeted the Bear Riverites at the time stated.

Note: The date on this news item is uncertain -- it may have been published on November 14th.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, November 18?, 1868.                                  No. 157?

Mormonism and Polygamy.

We have made the wholesale charge that the Brighamite leaders are not law-abiding citizens, and do not teach their followers to be so. This is a grave charge, one requiring positive proof. We purpose to show from time to time that in all their acts the Brighamites are only influenced by policy and really care nothing about the law itself. This morning we wish to touch upon their history a little. And to avoid cavil and dispute we will not take the word of outsiders but of Mormons now in good standing. They claim that the revelation authorizing the plurality of wives was given to Joseph Smith in the year 1843, but Brigham says that; the first copy of it was burnt by Emma Smith, Joseph's wife, and that a copy was preserved by one Whitney! (Deseret News, September 14th, 1852.) By the way is it not rather odd that an All-wise Being should allow one of his most important revelations to be burnt by a woman -- an inferior creature according to Brighamism? If polygamy be right then it was right on and after July 12th, 1843. Why was it not practiced then? Orson Pratt says:
"Would it be right for the latter-day Saints to marry a plurality of wives in any of the States or Territories or nations where such practices are prohibited by the laws of man? We answer, No! it would not be right for we are commanded to be subject to the powers that be." -- The Seer, Vol. I, page 3.
It was not right then, Orson says, to violate the laws of Illinois in force on that subject. Why then did a just God give a revelation authorizing his people to break that law; and that too without alluding to the law itself? But here there seems to be more evidence, for a year or two afterwards it was expressly declared in the Doctrine and Covenants that the Saints ought to obey "all the laws in force" and that "every, man should be honored in his station, rulers and magistrates as such," and no exceptions whatever were made as to any law which was against conscience. According to Orson Pratt and the whole Church in Nauvoo it was not right in '43, '44, '45 and '46 to violate the law of Illinois against polygamy, or any other law. But here come Brigham and his present compeers and claim that they did practice polygamy all those years in Illinois. On the 29th of August, 1852, when the revelation was first read to the people of this city, Brigham stated in his sermon that the favored few had known it and long practiced it, and that the fact of Joseph Smith being a polygamist before his death was as well known as any other fact. Thus their own evidence proves them guilty of violating that very law which Orson Pratt and the Nauvoo Church tells them it was their duty to observe. But after all there seems to be nothing certain about their testimony, for as late as 1850, at Boulogne, in France, doctrine of polygamy as follows:
"We are accused here of polygamy and actions the most indelicate. These things are too outrageous to admit of belief. But leaving these things I shall content myself by reading our views of chastity and marriage from a work published by us containing some of the articles of our faith." -- Taylor's discussion at Boulogne, page 8.
Here he followed with the extract from the Doctrine and Covenants; which condemns polygamy.

Which shall, we believe? Taylor of 1850 or Taylor of 1868? Call the next witness!

Joseph Smith was the founder of Mormonism. Brigham says he was also of polygamy, and that the revelation was given early in 1843, and that Joseph violated the law of Illinois in following it. On the 1st of February, 1844, the following appeared in the Church paper published at Nauvoo:
"As we have lately been credibly informed that an Elder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, by the name of Hyram Brown, has been preaching polygamy and other false and corrupt doctrines in the county of Lapeer and State of Michigan:

"This is to notify him and the Church in general that he has been cut off from the Church for his iniquity, and he is farther notified to appear at the Special Conference on the 6th of April next, to make answer to these charges.
            Joseph Smith,
            Hyrum Smith,
            Presidents of the Church."
-- Times and Seasons, Vol. V. page 423.
This was seven months after Brigham says polygamy was established! Six weeks later Hyrum Smith wrote:
"Nauvoo, March 15, 1844. -- To the brethren of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, living on China Creek, in Hancock County, greeting: "Whereas, Brother Richard Hewett has called on me to day, to know my views concerning some doctrines that are practiced in your place and states to me that some of your elders say that a man having a certain priethood may have as many wives as he pleases, and that doctrine is taught here; I say unto you that that man teaches false doctrine, for there is no such doctrine taught here, and any man that is found teaching privately or publicly any such doctrine, is culpable, and will stand a chance to be brought before the High Council, and lose his license and membership also; therefore he had better beware what he is about!   Hyrum Smith."
Is there any true follower of Joseph Smith who will believe after this that that Prophet established polygamy? First, Joseph Smith says he did not violate the law of Illinois; then Brigham says he did, then Hyrum says he didn't, then Orson Pratt says he ought not even with special revelation, then Taylor in France says he didn't, then Taylor in Utah says he did, then Brigham says he himself did, which closes the evidence. Don't take our word for it. Look at your own histories and papers! Whom shall we now believe? It is a rule in all courts of law that when a witness has contradicted himself his evidence may be used to convict himself, but cannot be used against others. Wherefore on the evidence we find Brigham and Taylor guilty, and exculpate Joseph and Hyrum Smith.

Note: The exact date and full content of this John H. Beadle article have not yet been determined. The text is taken from a reprint featured in the Philadelphia Daily Evening Bulletin of Nov. 28, 1868.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, November 19, 1868.                                  No. 158?

We learn that J. Q. Shirley passed Robinson's ferry on Green river, on Tuesday of last week, with 1,200 head of large steers, all in fine condition, which were purchased at Abilene, Kansas. Shirley came from Kansas to Fort Kearney, thence up the north side of the Platte to Fort Laramie, thence up the Sweetwater, en route to Fort Hall in Idaho. His troupe consisted of 15 men and 25 horses. They saw but few Indians on the route and were not molested.

John McCullough will play an engagement at the Salt Lake Theatre next week.

Brigham Young is issuing currency in Utah, generally resembling the national greenback. There is said to be a good deal of it in circulation, and the Mormon President finds his banking operations very profitable.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, November 21?, 1868.                                  No. 160?

We do not exactly understand how the Frontier Index became so objectionable to the roughs. That paper has been in the habit of attacking everything decent for the last six months, and must have opposed the garroters by mistake. We hope that now the Gilmerites have made a start they will thorougly cleanse the town of the border ruffians.

Note: The Salt Lake City Deseret News printed this notice in its issue for Nov. 20th: "By a telegraphic dispatch we learn that a riot occurred among the graders this morning at Bear River City, during the course of which they burned down the office of the Frontier Index. Everything was quiet at 10:30, -- the time the dispatch was sent." No doubt J. H. Beadle at the Reporter office saw the same message from Bear River City. It is unclear whether he responded with his own notice of the "riot" on Nov. 20th or on Nov. 21st.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, November 22, 1868.                                  No. 161.


During all the late troubles which have occurred at the various towns on the Union Pacific Railroad, the Brighamite sheets of this City have let slip no opportunity to impress upon the minds of their readers, that such things were the direct and necessary result of Gentile settlement and "civilization." Unmindful of the fact that all good people of whatever creed reprobate such doings, they have persistently urged that it was the intention of all outsiders to produce just such a state of affairs here. Now, once for all, let it be understood that such men as now infest Bear River will meet no countenance from any decent Gentile here; and when any journalist states or even implies that such will be the fact, he states what he knows to be false. When a scribbling fanatic gets down to that point where he charges everybody who do not belong to his sect or party with being allies of thieves, robbers and murderers, he thereby shows just what he is himself. There is one thing the people of Salt Lake City must learn sooner or later, and that is that a man may be an opponent of Mormonism and of crime at the same time, and if they cannot learn that fact from their own journals, they had better examine both sides of the question before coming to a conclusion. We do not know all the merits of the controversy at Bear River; the telegraph has left us in ignorance as to much if it, so we withhold our opinion until better informed. But we do know that the ruffians who infest those border towns are the offscourings of creation. "Civilization" is no more responsible for them than the honest Mormons of this city are responsible for the murderers and robbers who have been harbored here, and any writer who seeks to convey that impression only shows the murderous spirit that rankles in his own heart. Let law and order be enforced. They will find no more ardent supporters than ourselves and patrons. But law and order do not mean mob law and private assassination. We have efficient laws in this Territory. Let them be enforced. But those who seek justice must do justice, and for men in this community, who have set every law of the United States ar defiance for years, to ralk about driving out or mobbing every one who happens to differ from them, is the most barefaced and shameless impudence. Let us have civilization and order too; and let it be according to law, and it is reasonably certain that good men of all creeds and parties can take care of themselves and their property without going to war about it. Our cotemporaries profess to be very anxious to avoid trouble. We warn them that they are taking the exact course to bring it on. The Gentiles of this city earnestly desire peace, but they will not quietly submit to injustice. It is probable that bad men will come here, and perhaps in considerable numbers, but is any honest Mormon prepared to say that the laws are inefficient to protect us? If a city which has had a regular government for twenty years is afraid of the arrival of a few hundred roughs, its officers thereby confess a consciousness of weakness and ill desert which for their own credit they had better kept to themselves. As to the imputation that all non-Mormon civilization leads to riot and crime, it is simply an infamous lie. No other expression will fitly describe it.

BLOSSOMING ROSES. -- Reading the works of Orson Pratt, a few days ago, we saw a prediction that the "Lamanites," i. e. the American Indians, would "blossom as the rose under the benign rule of the Saints, &c." We smile to think how they "blossom." According to our observation they have about "blossomed" out. We observed a few specimens of these "blossoming roses" in front of our office yesterday. But those "roses" had a fragrance not yet described in botony. We thought night-blooming cerus would be better than the "rose" of Orson's predictions. Would such a "rose" by any other name smell as sweet?

Very severe weather is experienced in the Missouri region. The dispatches inform us of the freezing over of the Missouri River, and our Cheyenne exchanges give accounts of severe snow storms on the Platte. And here "we, who have made the uninhabited, forbidding, bleak and sterile desert "blossom as the rose and transformed it into a fruitful and smiling country, by dint of faith and incredible labor," are basking in the genial rays of the sun! Nature is nowhere, faith is everywhere! Believe in Brigham and your soil will bring forth readily.

A "REVELATION." -- A friend who occupied a seat in the third circle, immediately over the stage, informs us that the Parepa Rosa made a "new revelation" on the second night of her appearance, and rather an extensive one, too. Brigham in the royal box, was so completely abashed that he had to retire for awhile behind the curtain. He did not seem prepared for so startling a revelation of the new "Hills of Zion."

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, November 24, 1868.                                  No. 162.

From H. S. Shaw we learn the particulars of a robbery perpetrated on Sunday evening in Parley's Canyon. Geo. Chandler, who reached this place last Thursday, on his way from Montana to White Pine, Nevada, had been to Parley's Park on Sunday, and on his return, when about a mile this side of the summit, was suddenly accosted by two men, who seemed to have entered the road just behind him. Chandler was walking by his horse, and after a few minutes conversation, one of the men suddenly seized him by the arm, and presenting a pistol remarked: "I guess we will take what change you have about you." He was compelled to fork over his funds, amounting to $81; they also took his gold kerchief ring, and both of them tried on his coat, but not proving a fit for either, they kindly returned it. The robber who did the talking and the work was a large, thick set Irishman, with chin whiskers and moustache. The other man seemed to be an American, and as far as Chandler could see, for the robbery was perpetrated just at dusk, was a tall slim man with smooth face. Chandler's party were just starting to White Pine yesterday, and he thought best to accompany them rather than await the slim chance of having the robbers detected.

During the recent riot at Bear River City, those connected with the Frontier Index were in imminent danger of ending their eventful career, on this mundane sphere (we do not wish to commit poetry here), at the end of a rope. Having doffed his own attire and donned that of a friend, the "local" sallied forth, thinking his disguise perfect. He soon found himself in the hands the mob, he having been pointed out as the "local"of the Index. The mob were bloodthirsty -- they wanted "a man for supper." Frequent yells of "hang him," "shoot him," etc., fell upon his ears. But he managed to soft soap the wild mass of human beings. When the clamor for instant death had partially subsided, he said: "Gentlemen, you are mistaken in your man. You have taken me for someone else. I can neither read nor write. I have been cooking in a restaurant up town. I swear I ain't the man you are after. Do you think an editor would wear clothes like these?" The mob commenced thinking they did not have a hold of the wrong man, but to be certain, they sent a deputation with him to go to the restaurant where he said he was cooking to ascertain whether it was really so. On his way up, Pat. Marley, one of the mob, interceded for him, and he was allowed to escape. The disguise saved his literary "bacon."

William Solomon was arrested last night, at half-past eleven o'clock by the police for firing a shot in front of the Star Restaurant.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, November 25, 1868.                                  No. 163.

Bear River City, Nov. 18, 1868.             
Editor Reporter: -- J. W. Walker left Helena, Montana, on the 15th of of October, and after spending several days in Salt Lake City, started to the end of the railroad with a freight train. While lying in a teamster's wagon in Echo canyon, on the 12th of November, he attempted to commit suicide by shooting himself in the head with a small pistol, but only succeeded in severely wounding himself. The teamster took account of his effects, namely, $130 in money, a six shooter and derringer, and sent him back with a team going to Coalville. Those teamsters took him to a small town on the Weber river and left him and, according to report, told the people there that he had no money. So there was no one to dress his wound or to give him any attention except as to food. On the 16th he left there and I cannot hear of him since. Any one giving intormation of his whereabouts or attending to his wants will be liberally rewarded by applying to
Newton Smith.             
Bear River City.             
P.S. -- Saw a party of men to-day burying a man who was found dead yesterday near the road between Quaking Asp ridge and the Muddy. When found he had been stripped, except his drawers, which were marked H. Howard. He had been killed with a club.

Mr. Savage, of this city [of Savage & Ottinger?] while coming from Bear River City, accompanied by his wife, met with a sad accident. They were thrown from the wagon, and Mrs. S. had her shoulder dislocated.

From L. E. Ricksecker, of the Union Pacific Railroad, we learn that the end of the track yesterday morning was on the rim of the Great Basin, eighty-seven miles from the mouth of Weber Canyon. The Central Pacific Railroad is eighty-five miles from Humboldt Wells. The distance between the mouth of the Weber and Humboldt Wells is two hundred and thirty-two miles; so the entire length of the gap yet to be filled is 404 miles. If the track layers succeed in reaching Bear river during fine weather, their progress this side will be very rapid, and the grading is very smoothly done, and the ties are now placed upon it ready for the iron.

Sought Protection from the Military. -- The editor of the late Frontier Index, L. R. Freeman, has brought up at Fort Bridger, seeking protection from those whom he has been pleased to term ''mongrel hirelings," "thieves" and ''blue-bellied cut-throats.'' Every slanderous epithet in the vocabulary has been heaped upon the officers and soldiers ofthe army by that big-mouthed, slimy reptile, the editor of the Index.

Note: John H. Beadle had absolutely no professional regard for L. R. Freeman, nor for that "copperhead's" controversial (some would say, disreputable) newspaper, the Wyoming Frontier Index. Beadle's remarks were evidently printed in the Nov. 25th issue of the Reporter, but the previous day is also a possibility.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, November 26, 1868.                                  No. 164.


Late Eastern exchanges bring us reports of a movement now contemplated among politicians, which is to us a pleasant and hopeful sign. It is proposed by leading Democrats that all the issues of the late campaign be ignored as far as General Grant is concerned, and the entire Electoral vote of the country be cast solidly for him, this is, for the eight States who chose Semour Electors to instruct them to reverse the vote of the State and cast it for Grant, thus emphatically making him in every sense the President of the whole country. It is claimed that this would reconcile many conflicting interests and introduce that era of good feeling which we need to fully develop our resources....

General Grant has a policy as he has indicated clearly enough, and he will as certainly administer the government thereon as he takes his seat. His opponents have naught to hope from forcible resistance, and we may count upon that quiet acquiescence in the verdict of the people which is the bed rock of American character. It is the nature and habit of the people of this country to yield to the result of an election and submit to the policy thereby inaugurated. The case of eight years ago was an exception, one which merely shows that we are not yet perfect, that there was still an evil in our system that must be cast out even at the price of blood. That exception past, the old rule will be more firmly established, and with that experience before them no defeated party will be likely to try it again. We have had our great family quarrel, as every nation has had, and having settled it we are ready to enter upon that long career of civil prosperity and national glory for which our country is undoubtedly destined.

"THE CITY OF THE FUTURE." -- Now that the railroad has passed Bear River with a rush, where will the next "city" be? There is already a flourishing settlement at the mouth of Echo Canyon, it is the natural depot for the upper Weber valley and much of the country south, has coal, timber, trout, water, &c., near at hand, and is by location the place.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, November 27, 1868.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Note: A Reporter editorial from Oct. 23 may have been reprinted in this issue.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, November 28, 1868.                                  No. ?

From arrivals by coach yesterday we are informed that the track was laid six miles this side of Bear River City when they left that place -- about 4 hours previous. The track for the past week has been laid at the rate of from three to seven miles a day. Hurry up the survey of that new town which is to be in this valley, or the iron-horse will reach here before there is a building erected.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, November 29, 1868.                                  No. ?

A very large amount of freight destined for the mountains is lying at Omaha and Council Bluffs witing for transportation west. The following was received by us yesterday from W. B. Strong, Agent at the freight office of the Chicago and Northwestern Railway at the river, in regard to some freight destined for this office: "Reporter Publishing Company: Freight detained for want of cars on the Union Pacific Railroad. Will forward as soon as possible." This explains the non-arrival of goods so anxiously looked for by some of our merchants.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, December 1, 1868.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, December 2, 1868.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, December 3, 1868.                                  No. ?

Smoky Hill Railroad. -- ...The present officers of this road -- President, John D. Perry; Vice President, A. Meier; Treasurer, W. J. Palmer, all of St. Louis. The General Superintendent is A. Anderson, of Lawrence (Kansas). D. Tom Smith, our fellow towsman, is their accredited agent at Sheridan, the end of the track. The number of cars in use on the road foots up as follows: Thirty-two passenger coaches, six baggage cars, eight cabooses, one hundred stock cars, two hundred and fifteen flat cars, four hundred box cars, six boarding cars and two derrick cars -- about seven hundred and seventy all told. Even with this number, and the constant employment of all the trains, the road is overcrowded with business. The immense amount of Government stores for the posts and Army of the Plains, the thousands of immigrants seeking homes in the West, the large amount ot goods destined for New Mexico and the mountains, in addition to the heavy local freight business, keep it constantly employed to its full capacity. From the West, trains of from thirty to fifty cars passed along almost daily for the past six months. It is one of the most important railroads of the continent, and with the completion to Colorado and New Mexico there will scarcely be a limit to its business

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, December 4, 1868.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, December 5, 1868.                                  No. ?



Utah Territory like every other has its District Courts and its Probate Courts. But unlike any other State or Territory in the Union the power of the Probate is superior to that of the District Courts. This anomaly in the judicial system is not without cause. The District Judges are U. S. officials and are supposed to be supporting National authority; the Probate Judges are simply the Bishops and Elders, in the several counties, over whom Brigham's power is absolute. Section 20 -- page 31 -- of the Territorial statutes gives the Probate Courts general jurisdiction in all matters civil and criminal; while Section 1st if an "Act in relation to Bills of Divorce and Alimony," gives the Probate Courts exclusive jurisdiction in all such cases, thus making these County Courts actually superior to the District Courts in all cases of divorce, &c., and equal to them in everything else. All this in opposition to the fact that the Enabling Act of Utah gives the Legislature no power to build up such local courts. As might naturally be expected the Brighamites are very tenacious of this power in their hands and threaten and bluster whenever it is questioned. In a case lately tried before Chief Justice Wilson, the question of the power of the Probate Courts was put in issue, and on the 20th ult., Z. Snow, a Brighamite lawyer and Deputy Attorney General for Utah, in an argument defending this power of the Probate Courts, stated that if "His Honor decided against such jurisdiction, blood would flow in the streets of this city!" From the known character of Judge Snow, it is apparent he never would have made such a statement without express direction from Brigham Young. The statement was made in open court, in presence of the entire bar of this city and a few moments after a private consultation with his associate counsel, also a Brighamite. What are we to understand by this menace? The plain English of it is, that the Brighamites intended to obey the laws whenever they are construed in their favor, but if not, they will try violence. Fair notice is given to all officials to yield, or be crushed. They would like to have their way peaceably, but if not so attainable they will have it by force. They threaten, bluster and sometimes coax, and have generally had things their own way.

Hudge Snow also said that until within the last few years, U. S. Judges had not resided here but a very small portion of that time -- he did not say why. The effort to drive away Judges Waite and Drake, and the record left on his docket by Judge Cradlebaugh when he quit the Territory, taken in connection with the above statement and threat, are very significant. The question as to the powers and duties of the Probate Courts, under like organic acts, has been settled in other Territories, and such Courts confined to their only rightful jurisdiction. to-wit: Probate matters, and in some cases a limited civil jurisdiction. This construction of the power of Probate Courts has been sustained by Congress in the cases of all the other Territories, and yet such men as Judge Snow insist this Territory shall be an exception, and their Bishops and Elders as Probate Judges shall have jurisdiction from Purgatory to Beersheba! It is a notorious fact that many of these Probate Judges are directed in all their decisions by "authority." Whenever it is intimated, in a manner that might have some effect, that Brigham Young is not everything in this Territory, civil, military, ecclesiastical, political and commercial, from the office of God down to that of overseer of highways, there is a commotion in "Zion" and blood and thunder are threatened on all sides. There is a set of men here who believe, or pretend to believe that their Gentile neighbors would like to stir up trouble or bring an [army] here for their destruction. Now [there is but] one way to prevent this to a certainty, and that is to have a reign of law, just and impartial, as decided and administered by the proper officials.

A friend was lately on the street quite early on Sunday morning, when he met a woman carrying a small stick of wood and crying bitterly. On inquiring the cause she replied in brief that she had come in with last year's immigration, and reached here very destitute, that her husband had been sick for seven weeks and the neighbors had promised her aid if she would "get a writing from the Bishop." She had visited Bishop Hunter but he had refused to aid her or give her the "writing," and all she could get was that little stick of wood, while her family were suffering. This is one of about a dozen cases that have lately been reported to us. It is strange the women will talk so, when the Telegraph assures us there is no extreme poverty in this city!

CONTRADICTIONS. -- The meanest man we ever knew was fondest of talking about generosity; the filthiest man pretended great love for purity; the biggest liar was always prating about "hir honor;" the most lascivious man was loudest in his praise of virtue; and the Brighamites accuse the REPORTER of "indecency"!!

POOR FELLOW. -- A newsdealer very near the upper end of Main St., who has read the REPORTER every day for two months, says "it is in favor of just such a state of society as lately prevailed at Bear River." The Utah Legislature has failed to provide any asylum for this unfortunate class of our fellow citizens.

COMMERCIAL NON-INTERCOURSE. -- Radical journals, in the Atlantic States more particularly, appear to be frightened at the resolution taken by the Mormons to have no commercial intercourse with the Gentiles. They denounce it as disloyal, and calculated to foment disturbance in the community. It will probably produce all the evils they claim for it. The measure is against good neighborhood, and will induce faction. It will have the same effect that such restrictive measures always have; that is, to disturb the peace and damage the prosperity of the country -- Stockton Gazette.

Note: See Editor Beadle's 1870 Life in Utah chapter 16 for some similar reporting on the territorial probate courts in the 1860s,.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, December 6, 1868.                                  No. ?


If the Telegraph is at all anxious on the subject we will acknowledge at once and without further argument, that honest Mormons are better than the jail birds, gamblers and thieves of the States; they are better than the Five-pointers of New York: we will even say that Salt Lake City is a little better than was Bear River City. The editor has labored so earnestly to prove these facts that, with a humane desire to save him trouble, we will acknowledge them, and that point need be argued no more. We will even acknowledge for the sake of the argument that "polygamy is better than prostitution," though we have our private doubts about it. So the editor might have spared his "crusher" of the 4th inst. We think a little more of the 2d or 42d wife than we do of a "kept mistress," for the former is degraded through a mistaken idea of duty, while the latter has not that excuse. So for decency's sake, for truth's sake, yea, for Heaven's sake, stop comparing your wives and daughters to prostitutes and "mistresses" and your men to roughs and jailbirds! Let us take it for granted that your best society is better than our worst, and so put the argument on higher grounds. Let us compare family with family, christian society with Mormon society and christian laws with Utah laws. Then we shall arrive at the truth. As to the claim that polygamy lessens licentiousness, or has even the slightest tendency that way, it is one of the most nonsensical notions that ever entered the head of a fanatical scribbler. Take the testimony of travelers in every part of the world. Are the Chinese, Hindoos, Turks, Persians, Negroes any more virtuous than monogamous races of the same rank in advancement? But we forget; the comparison fails right there, for there are no monogamous races "of the same rank." We can not find a nation of monogamists as low in the scale as the highest nation of polygamists.


There have been three murders committed in Salt Lake County within six months. The population of the county is about 30,000. Striking a dividend, so to speak, this is one murder a year for every 5,000 people. The Brighamites consider this state of society much superior to that in the States. Let us see; there are in the old settled states about 35,000,000 people. One murder to every 5,000 would be 7,000 murders a year. Will any sane man pretend there are one-tenth as many? Even the worst state of the South a year or two after the war there were nothing like half as many. So according to their own showing they have at least five times as many violent crimes in proportion to population as the States have! Now do not understand us to say that all crimes here are committed by Mormons. But in the States none, or very few are committed by christians. The population of one State is ten or twenty times as great as that of Utah. If there were ten or twenty times as many crimes committed therein what a howl we should hear from the Telegraph and News.

Parties just from Gilmer report that the track-layers crossed Bear River on the afternoon of December 1st, and yesterday morning were five miles this side. Their progress for a few days will be very slow on account of heavy grading -- probably not half a mile per day -- after which it will be quite rapid. Mr. Richard Keyes reprts that the rush to Echo City has fully began, and parties from Gilmer are buying lots, and making arrangements to build as soon as lumber can be procured. J. D. Jenks has takes the Station Hotel, and will run it as the Echo City Hotel. The plat is on the bench northeast of Weber River, the stage station being exatly in the southeast corner of the city. Coal Is worth there $5 per ton, and the supply inexhaustable, wood cheap, trout plenty, and other things about as here. We think it would be policy to go there to winter.

HAS HIS DOUBTS. -- A few days ago two Brighamites were overheard discoursing as follows: "Brother S___," said the first, "Doesn't it seem strange that God permits his chosen people to be persecuted for over thorty years steady?" To which the other replied: "Well, it does seem strange, but Brother Brigham says it's all right, and we'll soon sweep everything before us and clean every Gentile out of the valley." Brother S____ cogitated a few moments and then said, rather slowly and dubiously: "Well, well, it may be all right, but I never could see the thing just clear like." There are several more in the same fix.

"The Salt Lake Telegraph," says the Montana Post, "has struck a new chord of self-glory. Every act, treated as crimes and misdemeanors in civilized society is seized with feverish haste by the Mormon press, as an excuse for Mormon violations of the law. And now, the Wall Street swindle and Beecher's denunciations of corruption in high places is the inspiration to seize the lyre and sweep its strings in virtuous indignation."

We are righteously indignant because of this great decline in public and official morality.

We will have no pact nor lot with it, no fellowship with the selfish and reckless corruptions, but we warn them to beware, to cease their wicked operations, before they envelope the whole country in disgrace and ruin.

Now, brethren and sisters and fellow citizens, just stop and think a moment, just calmly reflect, on what a pass things have come to.

That so much corruption should exist in high places of state and nation stirs us in our inmost soul.

"We want to ask the Telegraph just one question," adds the Post. "What do you suppose became of that blatant egotist who folded his hands, and 'thanked God he was not as other men were'?"

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, December 8, 1868.                                  No. ?


There are in the United States about forty million people, distributed in some forty States and Territories; an average of about a million to each. If one in a million of these people commit some crime each week, there are forty crimes per week; enough to fill the Police Gazette, Police News, all the illustrated papers and leave a margin. Add to this all the rumors, insinuations and accusations of crime, which turn out to be false after the papers have succeeded in convincing every body that they are true (for a hundred hear the rumor to one who hears the denial), and you have a pretty formidable record of crime. Do you therefore conclude that the whole world is a maelstrom of crime and violence, because one in a million violates some law weekly? If you do you are in plain language, very hasty. Consider too, there is a certain class with whom crime is a business, who seldom never pass a week without violating some law, and think how large a margin is left for honest men. Allowing every reported crime to be true, there must still be at the lowest calculation a thousand honest men to every rogue. This in a population of forty millions would give us forty thousabd rogues in the whole country; and if these committed but one crime a year each, there would be forty thousand crimes a year, which is at least five times as many as you can add up from all the criminal calenders in the land.... If we were not somewhat discontented with the present, we would not strive to improve for the future. Let us hope in the future, but not too highly estimate the past. The world does move, and not backwards. Christ did not die in vain. He said that he came to regenerate the world, to establish a pure gospel, and though errors might creep in, yet on his words a system of truth should be established "and the gates of hell should not prevail against it." The operations of truth may be slow, as men count slowness, but they are sure. Who, that looks at the history of the world for the past century, does not see that some subtle influence is at work softening the barbarity of ancient laws and attuning human hearts to finer issues. Be not discouraged. The world does move and forward too.

COMPLIMENTARY. -- We learn that Gen. Connor was the subject of a tirade delivered by Elder Stenhouse of the Daily Telegraph, at the Thirteenth Ward meeting house, on Sunday evening last. If we ever had any doubts of General Connor's thorough going patriotism and honor, they are now all renoved. Abuse from such a source is the height of commendation.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, December 9, 1868.                                  No. ?



It is becoming a favorite practice of English authors to travel in, and write a book about, America. We have had Bull Run Russell, Hepworth Dixon, Mackay, Dickins and a host of others and now we have a new and ponderous work entitled "Greater Britain. A record of travel in English speaking countries -- by Charles Wentworth Dilke." ... Says a critic:
Mr. Dilke's chapters on Salt Lake City and the Saints are less elaborate, much less pretentious, than Mr. Hepworth Dixon's, and they have an air of sincerity which the other lacked. Mr. Dixon did not write, we willingly believe, out of settled hostility to the American people. His book had merits, and under a proper title, with a proper explanation of its purpose, would have conveyed a good deal of novel and interesting information. But there was a mistake about it. The author came to America to pursue an inquiry springing more from a morbid taste than from a scientific curiosity, into the creeds and practices of a few eccentric sects. He visited the Shakers, the Oneida Community, the Mormons and other bands of more or less religious fanatics. With a single exception they are unimportant in numbers, unknown to the majority of Americans. The results of these inquiries he collected into a book, to which he chose to give the name "New America." With Englishmen not well informed about America -- that is, with nine-tenths of them all -- this record of religious caprices passed as a psychological history of the United States. Statements partially true, of a few inconsiderable denominations were recorded as accurate accounts of a nationality, or as presenting detached views which were proper samples of the whole landscape. An American friend tells us that he once asked an Englishman who visited the States in the year following, what people said about Mr. Hepworth Dixon. "Well, the truth is," replied the Englishman, "I could not get anybody to talk about Dixon. They wanted to be civil to me, and they changed the subject." We venture to say that Mr. Dilke's name will not be avoided in that way.
Now it is plain to any American that Mr. Dixon might as well have been in Europe as in Utah, as far as learning anything of American character is concerned. Indeed London would be far better for that purpose than Salt Lake City, for there are at least ten thousand intelligent, patriotic Americans in London and not half that number here. One may learn English, Danish, Welsh or Swedish language and manners by traveling in Utah, but as to Americanism proper, it is hardly to be found here. Indeed we think it exceedingly doubtful if there are ten thousand adult native Americans in the whole Territory of Utah. What folly then for a foreigner to imagine that he sees or knows anything of American life by a residence here. The author we are considering has escaped such blunders and discovered that America does not consist alone of Mormons, Shakers, Harmonists and Simonites, but that we have several million people whose religion is based on intelligence and moral truth.

DON'T SEE IT. -- The Telegraph of Monday had a very gushing article on a new town on the Promontary, advising people to go there, which is followed by yesterday's News with a heavy laudation of Cedarville, the new town. Now this may be a big thing, but we would respectfully ask what inducement there is for any Gentile to go there? No doubt it would please some folks for us all to "git up and git" for Cedarville, but for our part we like this city just now. We have a work to do here and we are being blest in doing it. We are glad to see so many outsiders coming and we hope more will come, but as for Cedarville, by all means let the Saints have it.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, December 10, 1868.                                  No. ?



There has been a great change for the better since five years ago. Then men would be shot down on the streets for claiming their rights; then a man's life was in hourly danger if he turned his back on the spiritual Sodom of Brighamism, and if he attempted to depart he was very liable to meet with "Indians" on the road. Then thousands of people in Utah feared to think for themselves, and if a man, having once been a believer dared to express a doubt whether Brigham was the true Prophet, he was liable, in the expressive language of an "avenger," to be "cut off under the chin and laid away in the brush." Then if a U. S. official dared to do his duty, he was preemptorily requested to resign, with a broad hint that it would be safest for him to do so; and citizens had to be careful how they expressed the idea that there was any government higher than Brigham. But times have changed and are changing. The number of free men in Utah is rapidly on the increase and "Indians" are not so troublesome as they once were. Indeed it is quite probable some of them will yet be caught and have the paint washed off., and show underneath a skin whereof the color is in painful contrast to the color of their hearts. "Civilization" has begun to work; we have a Church, a school and a paper, all successful and gaining ground -- the number of those who think for themselves is considerable, much greater than some folks think -- and men are beginning to ask if Christ's religion really teaches that a few debauchees and tyrants should live in luxury on the labor of poverty stricken thousands. Let the good work go on. Light is fast breaking in, and here where "superstition had her solitary reign," men dare to think and speak for moral truth. Let us go on to conquer. If a few hundred of the off-scourings of the earth should come here, they are not in our way; our religion is not afraid of comparison; nor of the examples of the wicked. There is this difference between Brighamism and Truth; the former is afraid of the "outside world" and works with nervous zeal to keep them away from "Zion;" Truth is never so great or glorious as when she opposes error face to face. When a set of men begin to labor to keep their opponents far off, from all contact with their people, they acknowledge their own moral cowardice. But still they come; some bad it is true, with the good, but enough of the good to regenerate Sodom. Over all these valleys a brighter light shall shine, and those who have walked in the maze and under the cloud of man-made systems, shall stand forth in the full blaze of the "Sun of righteousness." Yes, even in Utah in time to come.

WHAT OF IT? -- Some two weeks ago Brigham preached a sermon in the 13th Ward in which he stated they claimed no power to raise the dead, but they could heal the sick, could help the blind, lame, and so on. The sermon was followed by announcement of the funeral of Sister X -- ! A day or two after, the Health Report came out, which stated there had been some sixty deaths, of whom forty-fpur were children! Now, good people, is not a man greatly to blame to let folks die off in this way when he might just as well stretch forth his hand and heal them? Did you know that your death rate is nearly one in twenty per year, that is nearly three times as great as any of the Pacific States? Did you know that more children in proportion die in Salt Lake City than in any other city in America except Mobile and New Orleans? Did you know that while all other new countries are proverbially healthy for children, yours is exactly the reverse in spite of your magnificent climate? Can you think of no reason for this? Or perhaps you are strictly forbidden to think. Let your priestly leaders do all the thinking; your business is simply to believe -- Yes, and to pay your money for their trouble!

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, December 11, 1868.                                  No. ?


It is one of the peculiarities of the human mind that when one has held power for a long time he always thinks it unjust to deprive him of it. No matter how clear a case is made out or how good a cause the people have, the ruler always thinks it a case of great hardship to give up his power. No doubt Isabella of Spain now thinks she is the worst used woman in the world. So in America, did an administration ever go out of power without thinking it an act of shameful ingratitude on the part of the people? And just so with a certain set of men here. They have held power so long that they think themselves defrauded if any man questions it. But Brigham and his compeers have improved on the old idea; to question their divine right to rule anything in Utah is rank "persecution." And there is a considerable class here who practice just that sort of "persecution." There are several of us who prefer the law to the church; we would rather have our cases decided by United States Judges than by Brigham' Elders and Bishops, and we are very politely told that if we persist in our determination, and the national Judges decide in favor of our view, "blood will flow in the streets of this city!" In plain language we are threatened with death if we insist on rights guaranteed to us by the Constitution and laws of our land. And these same people, who sling their threats so defiantly, think it a dreadful "persecution" for us to demand the protection of our Government. But the other day one of them said to us: 'You, and your party, are trying to have an army come here to cut the throats of our people." Now is any man so devoid of common sense as not to know that if the laws are observed, no army will ever come here or be needed. And yet if you want to stir up strife, and bring an army here it can easily be done. There is nothing so easy as getting into trouble, it requires no great talent whatever; any set of men can accomplish it. Just set the government at defiance, threaten her citizens, nullify her laws and proceed to violence, and the thing is done. You can have all the "persecution" you want, on this patent plan. But we need not say it will hardly pay. But why this nervousness about an army? The good people of any town in the States are not afraid of their country's soldiers, indeed they think it an advantage to have a few thousand soldiers spending a few millions a year in their trade. And if we have read history right the people of Utah have been equally benefitted by the visit of an army. But this great horror of soldiers, this mania about "blue-coats" is not among those who are really loyal: we have always found it strongest among those who wanted to do something the laws forbid. If there were ten thousand soldiers here, spending millions of dollars, would honest people be any worse for it? Nay, verily. If it be "persecution" for our country to send her soldiers just where she will, then we suspect your "persecutions" will never end. "Blue-coats" excite no terror in our minds. But if we wanted to violate the law, we should probably try to have them as far off as possible.




It has been known for some time that General Connor had determined to try the availability of the "sacred river" and "Dead Sea of America" for steam navigation, but our enterprising (?) citizens have paid little attention to the progress of the work. Yesterday the first steamboat ever launched on the Jordan was finished, and in company with Lieutenants Foulk and Harmon, we accompanied Gen. Connor on the trial trip. The day was the reverse of fine, for any such enterprise, but taking a seat behind the celebrated "plugs" we reached her anchorage, eight miles below the city about noon. She was built a little below Jordan bridge, but the rapid approach of winter and the freezing of Hot Spring Lake made it prudeut to take her down near Salt Lake. The boat is fifty feet long, with eighteen feel main breadth and guards of four feet. The build consists of one "flush deck" in the centre of which is left a space 10x6 feet, neatly covered and rising four feet above deck, for the engine room, through which passes the main shaft to the side wheels, leaving considerable space in front and rear for freight. She is of sixty ton measurement, and was built by Mr. Gammon Haywood, of this city. The boiler is from the Union Foundry, San Francisco, the machinery from Chicago; both arranged with great skill by Mr. Wm. J. Silver, engineer, of this city. Both the gentlemen deserve great credit for the able manner in which they have pushed forward this aid to "civilization" in Utah. All being ready, the fires were lighted at 3:30 P. M., and in just twenty-five minutes she was in motion. Slowly at first, but gaining speed, she moved off at two and a-half miles per hour against the current. Not a defect was perceived in the motion of the machinery, but a slight leak in the boiler prevented her obtaining the best attainable speed. After moving a mile up the river, various experiments were made in backing and turning, all satisfactory in the highest degree, after which we made a rapid run down stream to the place of starting. Taken all in all, the experiment was a perfect success, and the pioneer steamer of Salt Lake -- the "Kate Connor" -- is an established fact. From present data, it appears she can easily reach eight or nine miles an hour on the Lake, but her ordinary rate will be about seven. For the present her work will consist in carrying ties and lumber to the Promontory, but with the coming summer and further improvement, pleasure parties on Salt Lake will no doubt be in vogue with visitors, who can come from the new towns at the north end, spend several hours here and return, all within two days. This marks an important era. Steam navigation on Great Salt Lake is a novel idea, but this is but a forerunner of greater things. If Mormonism purposes to keep up with the age it must go by steam. Think of the day when the REPORTER shall head its "River Column" thus: HO FOR SALT LAKE! -- The new and elegant steamer -- KATE CONNOR Will leave the wharf at the foot of Jordan Street Mondays, Wednesdays and Saturdays for all points north, and the landings at the new town of GENTIL-ITY Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, making the through trip between those points in sixteen hours. PLEASURE PARTIES TAKEN AT REDUCED RATES/ State Rooms suitable for families of from two to five wives. Copies of the Salt Lake Daily Reporter and Frontier Phoenix for sale on noard. To gentlemen, with less than five wives, family rickets at reasonable rates for sale on board. ---

How do you like the prospect? Hurrah for "civilization" in Utah!

[Gen. Connor's new steamer made her] trial trip on the Jordan river, near Salt Lake City, on Thursday last. This is the first steamboat ever afloat on the Jordan, and it is pronounced a success. She is fifty-five feet in length, and is intended for the transportation of ties and other material for the railroad. The Mormons left Nauvoo to get away from civilization, and now they have a steamboat plying within the boundaries of their city, and a railroad rapidly making its way through their Territory. If polygamy cannot withstand the approach of civilization, where will it find room for existence.

Note: The exact wording and full content of the last news item have not yet been determined. The text is taken from a partly paraphrased reprint that appeared in the Cheyenne Leader of Dec. 15, 1868

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, December 12, 1868.                                  No. ?


To a man just from the States it is better than a "Circus show" to go through this City and Territory and hear what four-fifths of the people think about the States. He will invariably find that foreigners, who know absolutely nothing of it, are most positive in their assertions about American society. Nithing is too absurd for them to believe and swear to. According to them, the people of the States are all opposed to marriage and especially to children, the women are bearly all devoid of virtue and the men of honor; and some have assured us that such a thing as honesty was unknown in the States. And the poor deluded creatures have not sense enough, or knowledge of human nature sufficient, to know that society could not hold together one year, if what they say were true. Not many years ago we traveled through that part of New York where the "Mormon Plates" were found, and it was evidently a fertile and prosperous region. Particularly was fruit of every kind abundant the year round, and yet on reaching Salt Lake we heard Brigham say in a sermon that all that region was a barren waste, and "would not produce a sound apple," and probably three-fourths of his congregation believed it! A Brighamite said to us a few days ago that Hancock County, Illinois, :had become a barren waste since the Saints were driven from Nauvoo! As our own denial would have gone for nothing with such a man, we pointed him to the Agricultural Reports which show the wealth of that region; to which he responded that "all those reports were d___d Gentile lies." Still another, a tolerably intelligent young woman, was amazed to hear that people lived, and had farms, in Jackson County, Missouri, and that it contained thriving villages, towns and even considerable cities. She had an idea that it was a sort of tropical place, devoid of inhabitants and would not sustain any till the Lord had opened a way for the Saints to go back, and then it would blossom as the rose and be "Zion" indeed! How on earth people can be made to believe such stuff, when the evidence and the records are open to every man, passes our comprehension. You need not take the word of one man, or a thousand, but go and see for yourselves, or ask every man who has gone, till you are satisfied. Now, good people of Utah, there is one fact that will help you very much in coming to a correct conclusion on this subject. You know what awful stories are told in other places about your cities and Territory, and is it not reasonable to suppose that others are lying just as much about other places? But a short time ago we read a glowing account of the Mormons settling here, and what "a heavy forest of timber" they found and how much labor they had to cut it down! The same writer -- a lady, went on to state that they "named their new State Deseret, meaning the 'honey bee,' from the immense swarms of bees they found in the forests!" You are quick enough to pronounce everything a lie that is said about you, which you do not like. But did it never enter your head that others might be lying about other places? Examine the evidence, reflect, think for yourselves; and do not swallow all that is offered, without a word or a thought, "like a charity box gaping for halfpence."

A CIRCUMSTANCE! -- Brigham still continues his thunders against Gentiles, and his "bulls of excommunication" against all who buy from them. Meanwhile his daughters continue a lively trade at a Gentile establishment on Main street, and only on Thursday carried thence two magnificent and costly shawls, which we presume will furnish the text for G. Q. Cannon's next sermon against the Mormon ladies' extravagance in dress. Great is humbug; and Brigham makes it his profit. A young Saint (who ought to know) tells us, as the above circumstance was brought up before the "School of the prophets," but promptly squelched. Our folks are not governed by the same rules as common Saints. Oh no!

HOLINESS AND CO-OPERATION: -- A young Mormon lady, some three days ago, entered the "Bullseye" store next to the Post Office, and asked for some trimmings. They were handed down with a statement of the price, which was only fifty per cent. higher than she knew it to be at the Elephant Store; so her common sense got the better of spiritual terrors, and she went to the Elephant to buy. Again, a gentleman, also a Mormon, applied at another "Bullseye" concern for a napkin. They were priced to him at 50 cents; he saw on them the mark of a "jobbing house" just across the street, where he knew they were selling for 25 cents. He mentioned that fact and said: "Now I will carry these things across the street all day for a cent a time, so I'll give you 26 cents for them, as I would rather deal with a Mormon," which offer was accepted and the [---- -----]. Only a fall of 24 cents from the price asked: 48 per cent.! Now dear brethren, [---- ----] to bad to only charge the Saints 25 and 50 per cent. for a "Holiness to the Lord" and a "Bull's eye" How in the world will they know the worth of their blessings unless you make them pay for them! Men don't value what they don't pay well for. You are lowering the price of Zion's privileges. Stick it to 'em; fleece 'em; skin 'em; What's 50 per cent., yea, or 100, compared with the privilege of being ruled?"

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, December 13, 1868.                                  No. ?

Champion Mayfield and Harland P. Swett started tor White Pine, from this city, on Tuesday last, taking with them a young man (no, not a man, a young brute), who had worked for about a week at the Mansion House before his departure. Friday afternoon, while the party were eating dinner near Pelican Point, the young brute, who goes by the name of George, took a pistol and deliberately shot and killed Swett, without any cause or provocation whatever. He died almost instantly, the ball striking him in the back and passing through the left shoulder. Then, on Mayfield asking him, the murderer, what he did that for, he responded with four shots at Mayfield, the second shot passing through his left hand, inflicting a very painful wound. The murderer then went to the wagons, took Mayfield's horse (a beautiful animal), saddle and bridle, and, it is supposed, started in the direction of Camp Floyd. The object of the murderer seems to have been robbery; but owing to some unexplained circumstance he did not secure any money, and only got the horse for the heinous crime he committed. The deceased had quite a large sum stowed away in his overcoat, which was found a short distance from where the murder was committed, and it is very likely, in his haste to get avvay, the murderer dropped it from the horse. Dr. Tait was summoned to attend Mayfield, and although suffering great pain his condition is not critical.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, December 15, 1868.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, December 16, 1868.                                  No. ?

A painful report reached us yesterday of the violent death of Muhlon Dyer, who worked last Summer with Morris' Engineer party on Green river. After their departure he remained there cutting wood and working on the grade till a few days ago, when he started with a wagon coming to this city. Our informant related that the wagon contained a keg of powder, which was ignited by some means at a point the other side of Bear river, and the explosion literally tore Dyer to atoms. Scarcely any traces of his body were found, his pocket book was picked up a few days afterward and was empty, though it is known he started from Green river with $1,000. It is still hoped the report may prove untrue; and his friends here are anxious for further information on the subject.

Brigham Young's daughters are buying the finest goods from the Gentile merchants, notwithstanding the pulpit threat to cut off all who were guilty of such sin. The matter was brought up in the School of the Profits [sic] but squelched.

Having severed my connections with the Reporter, it is meet * * * to take formal leave of my friends * * * On the 11th of May last, I issued from the office of the late Vedette, the Daily Reporter. It appeared as a 16 column paper and so continued until the 20th of October last, when I added 4 columns, and now leave it a handsome, sprightly little sheet.... The plain, unvarnished truth is that the pecuniary embarrassment caused by the establishment of the Reporter compelled me to withdraw from it. I shall now return to my home in California * * * I take leave of the press of the country with a full appreciation of the courtesy with which the Reporter has been treated, and I regret I cannot include in this paragraph the Reporter's city co-tems. -- Adieu, S. S. Saul."

Note 1: With these few words former Reporter editor Samuel S. Saul disappears from Utah history. The Sacramento Daily Union of Dec. 7, 1869 noted that S. S. Saul's wife had a daughter, born in San Leandro on Nov. 21st, so it appears that Mrs. Saul had already returned to California when he wrote his Valedictory.

Note 2: The date for the item on Brigham Young's daughters has not yet been verified -- it may have appeared in the Reporter of Dec. 15th.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, December 17, 1868.                                  No. ?


It is well known to many of our citizens "Drake's Variety Troupe" arrived in this city four weeks ago, and at once went to work fitting up the Hall on Second South street, between Main and First East Temple street. Before going far with their work they spoke to Burt, Chief of Police, and other members of the city government, in regard to license, and were told there would be no difficulty in obtaining it. Three weeks ago they made application to the City Council for license; but no answer whatever was returned. The next week they again made application and received an evasive answer to the effect that "the matter could not be considered just now." Meanwhile a messenger from the police called on them and stated that they had better go no farther with their work, as they would not be permitted to show here. One of their number then called upon Mayor Daniel H. Wells and asked why they were refused. Wells made answer, that "as far as he could govern it, they should have no license, for an institution of that sort was not wanted here." They then proposed to commence their exhibition, test the matter, and if fined, pay their fine; and were informed that "if they tried that it would be a sorrowful undertaking for them." Other words were added, to the effect that if they attempted it, their institution would be destroyed. Mr. Drake then called upon Brigham Young, stated that the Troupe had been at great expense in fitting up their Hall, setting forth the character of their entertainment, that there was in it nothing unchaste or against good morals, and asked why license was still refused them. Brigham made as smooth a reply as the case would admit of, in which he said: "I would rather pay yout expenses, and pay your board all winter than have you go on. I have put $70,000 in my Theatre, and your institution is calculated to break it down. I will not have such an affair here!" He ended by presenting Mr. Drake with a written recommendation to Bishop West [of Ogden], to get a clerkship in his store! After talking with Mr. Grove, Bishop [------] and some others, the Troupe was [-----] informed that their application would be considered on Tuesday eve, the 15th and license might be granted. On that [morning] the Council met and license was pre-emptorily refused without a hearing or any reason given. It is pretended, however, on the part of the "authorities," that such an exhibition would have an immoral tendency," and consequently [a bad] effect on their exceedingly moral town. It is proper to state that this is a first class Troupe, their exercises consisting of minstrel and dramatic presentations of the highest order, with not the slightest tinge of vulgarity. But the meanest part of the performance was to come. Something had been said of procuring a guard of soldiers, going on with the show, and testing the law in the case. So early yesterday morning, one Robt. Russell, painter, and Brighamite emissary, called upon the performers and hired all he could persuade of them, to play for a while at the Theatre here, and then go to Provo! So after all the abuse heaped upon it, their performance is still good enough where it will put money into the pockets of B. Young, Esq.! This whole case presents about as much meanness and priestly tyranny as any on record. B. Young lays down the law that no Gentile amusement shall be established in this city, and they shall patronize him and his one-horse show, or nobody. There is to be no choice in the matter. The motive is plainly confessed from first to last. Still there are a few Gentiles who will get down in the dust, crawl to the foot of the throne, and lick the dust of Brigham's boots! There are a few, we suppose, with whom self respect and independence are nothing and a little third-rate amusement everything. These will swallow every insult that is offered, take a mild kicking occasionally and then throw their dollars in the Devil's coffers. There are some strangely made up people in this world and so there are a few Gentiles lacking on self-respect and moral firmness, who will creep in and give their support to the man that insults them. There will always be a few such, but let men and women of independent minds show that they have a feeling of Americanism and common sense, by staying away from the tyrant's playhouse.


The New York papers chronicle the return there of Capt. Walter M. Gibson, who left that city some eighteen years ago with the intention of establishing a colony and if possible, founding a new empire in the East India islands. He failed in that project through the jealousy of the Dutch settlers, and afterwards came to this city. His doings here and the result, are thus stated in the New York Sun of December 5th:
In the course of his wanderings, up and down the Paclfic, the magnificent island of Papua or New Guinea, had not escaped the notice of so vigilant and omnivorous an observer. Its tropical climate, tempered by the breezes of the surrounding ocean; its matchless volcanic and alluvial soil; its ever-teeming verdure and unknown vegetable and mineral treasures, were well calculated to stimulate the fancy of one whose dreams were all of greatness and of empire. The Mormons of Utah were then engaged in a sort of rebellion against the United States, and an army had been sent to subdue them. The genius of Gibson conceived the plan of settling all these troubles by transferring the whole body of Latter-day Saints to that distant island, occupied only by a race of degraded and feeble savages. He proposed this scheme to Brigham Young and the heads of the Mormon Church. They eagerly adopted it, and Gibson was sent to Washington to negotiate with the Government for the sale of their improvements in Utah at the price of five millions dollars, and for the transfer of their seditious people to their new hom in the Pacific. At Washington the project was received with considerable favor by many prominent statesmen, and especially by the venerable Gen. Cass. But President Buchanan thought that the operation would transcend the bounds of Federal authority, and declined to engage In it.

Great friendship had in the meantime grown up between Gibson and Brlgham Young. Both men of bold and original minds, fond of a sort of transcendental, materialist speculation, especially in theology, alike ready to entertain schemes of war, and especially fond of the Utopia of a new and mighty State built up in some desert, they did not willingly resign the notion of colonizing some great island of the Pacific. Gibson was accordingly commissioned by the Mormon President to visit the coasts and islands of the East, and to report every thing that he might find of special interest to the Latter-day Sabits.

Whether Gibson ever really became a Mormon we do not know, but it has always been reported that he had been admitted into the inner mysteries of the Latter-day Church. One thing is certain, however; he never can have given credence to any of the superstitious fancies which are betieved to constitute a portion of that creed. He sailed from San Francisco for the Sandwich Islands some time about 1862 and his connection with the Mormons seems to have come to an end. When he arrived in the Sandwich Islands a good many Latter-day Saints were established there. Their settlement was in Lanai, an island thirty miles long and eight miles wide. It is described by all whe have seen it as the loveliest scene upon the face of the earth, combining the sublimity of mountains with the richness of tropical vegetation, and the beauty of an ocean whose waves break in almost constant peace upon its enchanting shores. The soil of this island is rich, almost beyond comparison; of its productiveness an idea may be formed from the fact that during the present season $100 per acre has been paid for the crop of raw sugar cane. The Mormon occupants of this island have, however, all gone; whether through the arrangements of Capt. Gibson or not. We believe that the Mormon leaders unanimously attribute to him the fact that their people no longer have a foothold in the dominions of King Kamahameha, or, indeed, we believe anywhere in the wholo Pacific. On this account they have naturally become somewhat hostile to Capt. Gibson, and in passing through Salt Lake City the other day he did not deem it prudent to make himself known to any of his old acquaintances.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, December 18?, 1868.                                  No. ?


The Sandwich Islands are attracting much attention just now, and no doubt the real estate speculators at Washington will soon be feeling for them. Lying pretty well to the South, in the Pacific Ocean, they have a mild, semi-tropical climate, and a soil of great fertility, producing in abundance sugar cane, cotton and most of the tropical fruits. They also enjoy (?) the possession of the most interesting volcano in the world, (Kilauea), which some time ago sent out a red hot burning river, forty miles long and half a mile wide; and receive occasional visits from earthquakes, tidal waves and the like. The highlands on the principal islands are reported the finest for pulmonary diseases in the world; the purity of the air seeming to impart new life to weak lungs. When first discovered by Captain Cook, the islands contained nearly half a million native Kanakas, but there seemed to be a principle of decay inherent in the race, and they have rapidly declined until they number less than a hundred thousand. The reasons for this decay -- for they have had no wars of importance -- are thus stated by one of their native Kings, in a parliament held there in September: "My people decay. Long ages of isolation and interbreeding have made our Hawaiian race scrofulous and barren. Let us infuse a fresh blood into the national veins. Let us bring here kindred stocks from the old Malay lands, the fatherland of the Pacific. Let the viking Normans of Malaysia blend in peace and not in war with the enfeebled aborignes of Hawaii, and we will have a new polynesia." Before the introduction of Christianity then, these people had been cut off from all the world, and addicted to polygamy, polyandry, marriage of blood relations and similar vices, which in the course of generations had produced their natural result of weakness and decay. They have made great progress, but most of them are still sunk in ignorance, and many in semi-barbarism. Those who are in frequent contact with the white settlers are, many of them, very intelligent and evidently prefer American customs to all others. Over two hundred of them served in our late war. They wear American clothing and carry the Stars and Stripes in their native processions. King Kamahameha's Legislature lately appropriated $30,000 to encourage emigration of a new class of colonists. Captain Walter M. Gibson, of which the Salt Lake people have heard, has been deputed a special messenger to Washington, to lay before the American Senate the advantages of a reciprocity treaty with the kingdom of the Hawaiian Islands. So it looks probable we will soon be brought into nearer relations ' with our brown neighbors, some four thousand miles over West of us.

MIXED -- We heard it rumored on the streets yesterday that Mr. McAllister, the Territorial Marshal, had gone to Echo City to smash the new saloons and dance houses there. Then word was brought that he merely intended making them pay license -- say $300 a month! Next we read in the Telegraph a letter from Freeman, late of the Index, advising the Utah authorities to at once extend their jurisdiction over Bear River, and the new towns generally. Later in the day we learned from the United States officials that the same Freeman had written them a letter, urging the United States Marshal to go to Bear River, take charge of things and "corral" certain of the rioters yet at large! Who runs this country, anyhow?

THE PRACTICAL BEAUTIES OF MORMON POLYGAMY. -- A Gentile woman in Utah lately gave a correspondent of the Cincinnati Commercial this little, but telling sketch of the practical workings of the Mormon system:

Now there's Eph. Roberts over there -- pointing to a stone house near the mountain -- he brought a real young, delicate wife from New York, now goin' on sixteen years age, and she worked hard, I tell you; why, I've known her to do all her own work when Eph. had three hands and the thrashin' machine at his house; and sometimes she works out in the field, bound wheat and raked hay, which, you know is awful on a delicate New York woman -- 'taint as if she had been raised to it, like we folks -- and after all, just last year. Eph. went and married another woman, a real young one, not over twenty, and don't you think, this spring she knocked Maria -- that's his first wife -- down with the churn-dasher and scalded her. Eph. stood by, and Just said: "Go in, Luce: kill her if you can." It all started about a churn, too. Both wanted to use it once. Maria had it, and her butter was a little slow a comin' and they got mad, and Luce struck her, and then snatched the kettle right off the stove and poured hot water on her feet; so she fell down when she tried to run out. And what was the result, finally? Well, Maria left him; of course, she had to or be killed. It's very nice, though, for the men. I had a dozen chances to marry old Mormons, but, law! I wouldn't give that for all of 'em. Why, just turn things around and let a woman have two or three men, and see how they'd like that. There wouldn't be no murderin' done in these parts -- oh, no! And I reckon a woman has as fine feelin's as a man. I tell you, if my husband ever joins 'em or tries to get another wife, that day I'll hunt another Gentile. Bet your life on that."

From its beginning the management of this theater has been chacterized by a selfish and illiberal policy. The whole study seems to have been to give its patrons the least possible return for their money; to just barely keep enough of talent to furnish a sort of excuse for exorbitant prices, but not enough to satisfy public taste; to run the drama to as low a point as public sentiment would allow, and make it up by indiscriminate puffing. In spite of all this, it is a notorious fact that two-thirds of the patrons are Gentiles. The money of the Gentiles has gone to build up that institution. In return therefor they had the pleasures of listening to perhaps one good artist, supported in many instances by those who were prompted every third word, and mouthed all the rest. On Sunday last, the owner of that theater (Brigham Young) exhausted the resources of vile language in insulting his own customers. He gave public notice that he built that institution, "for our own young men and women," that if the Gentiles did come, they might rest assured they were "closely watched." "They will bear close watching," said he: "I want them to understand that! They must go according to rule, and if they step over the line they must walk." Another speaker gave notice that, "The sum and substance of the matter is, no Gentile can live and do business in this Valley. I am in favor of going for them like a blind elephant for a meal market; we do not want their patronage, and they shall not have ours." All of which was fully indorsed Brigham. Gentiles, Jews, travelers, business men, what do you think of it? He takes your money to swell his bulky hoards, and insults you for your pains. He swindles you by giving you a miserably poor article at a high price, then laughs in his sleeves to think how he has tricked you. He gets your money, and then shows by his language that he would cut your throats if he dared!

Note 1: It has not yet been determined whether the Salt Lake Theatre article appeared in the Reporter of Dec. 18th or 19th. The text comes from a reprint featured in the New-York Daily Tribune of Dec. 26, 1868.

Note 2: J. H. Beadle re-told the polygamy anecdote on page 222 of his 1882 Polygamy: Or, The Mysteries and Crimes of Mormonism. The same story was evidently related in one of Beadle's Ocrober, 1868 letters to the Cincinnati Daily Commercial.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, December 19, 1868.                                  No. ?

The idea of playing Romeo and Juliet before a Mormon audience is absurd. That play represents the essential quality of true love: one man loves one woman, her and her only, and swears by all creation that he will never love another; while the audience have been taught all their lives that a man can love six women just alike: they do not believe in singleness of love, it is contrary to their religion. The idea of a Mormon loving one woman, and one only! And dying for her, too! Whew! If they could have six Juliets, leaning half a dozen heads on as many hands, out of six windows, all in different styles of architecture, and all the Juliets of different styles of beauty, it might do. It would have Mormon spice in it. But the idea of a man [going] for one woman in "these latter days!" Git out!

(under construction)

Note: The exact date and full content of this article are undetermined. It may have been published in the Dec. 18th issue of the Reporter. See also page 119 in Beadle's 1873 The Undeveloped West for a similar account of the failure of the play in Salt Lake City during the last part of December, 1868.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, December 20, 1868.                                  No. ?

The young desperado who killed Mr. Swett and wounded Mayfield arrived in this city yesterday afternoon about four o'clock and was lodged in jail...

Note: The full content of this news report has not yet been determined.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, December 22, 1868.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, December 23, 1868.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, December 24, 1868.                                  No. ?

The young man now in the county jail, for the murder of Swett, certainly comes as near being a complete reprobate as any we have met. He tells the story of the murder, and the unsuccessful attempt on Mayfield, with great circumstantiality detail, adding in conclusion: "Well, Mayfield needn't be afraid of ever being killed by a pistol, for it can't be done. His life is insured. I shot at him four times, fair as ever a man did, and with good aim too, and never hurt him." After the killing, he fled across a bridge, and the next day hired to a Bishop there to herd sheep. As he relates the story, the Bishop spoke of his intention to buy a beef, upon which the young man asked: "Have you got money enough to buy a beef!" "No," said the Bishop, "but I think I can trade for it." The prisoner adds very complacently: " I think he was a little scared, but if he had money enough to buy a beef, I thought I would pop him over, take what he had, and light out." When arrested he merely said: "I suppose you'll string me up to the first good limb you come to, but I'll take a nap first." Upon which he laid down in the wagon and snored lustily for four hours. On awakening be expressed some surprise at not being hanged at once, and was told in this country every man could have a trial and a choice between being hanged or shot. To which he made reply: "By ____ that's bully; I'll take shooting all the time." He first gave his name as Chauncey Millard, stating that he had no recollection of his father; but soon after spoke of his mother's maiden name being Millard, so his paternity is doubtful. He was born in the South; early neglected and abused, and taught nothing worth knowing, his hand was against every man and a good many hands against him. The man to whom he was apprenticed mistreated him, and his first crime was destroying his master's property for revenge. This was at the age of thirteen; not long after that he became a bushwhacker, and with a few companions robbed or murdered rebel or Union soldiers indifferently. With the return of peace he came West, and relates several crimes and attempts committed in this Territory.

He expresses a willingness to die, saying be has tried to make money by crime and made a failure. Strangely enough the young man has what phrenologists would call "rather a good head," and presents an interesting but terrible case of "perverted moral instincts." He is eighteen or nineteen years of age, not above the latter, though he is not certain of his age. He presents a curious case of the youthful criminal, made so by the utter neglect of moral cultivation.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, December 25, 1868.                                  No. ?

We had the pleasure of a call yesterday from Dr. Hurd, connected with the Union Pacific Railroad, who has lately been sojourning at Brigham City. The Doctor reports the grade of the Union Pacific Railroad progressing rapidly on that section, and that work has been commenced on the Central Pacific. The two grades will run parallel for several miles some two hundred yards apart.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, December 26?, 1868.                                  No. ?

The Two Pacific Railroads.

The Central Pacific Company is marching on. Bates party, with Mr. Clements, Division Engineer, has been locating from the summit of Promontory Range eastward, while Mr. Ives has been locating from Ogden west. The two parties were, three days ago, only a few miles apart. They locate and lay out work as they move on. The contractors, Messrs. Benson, Farr and West, have sub-let most of the work on their contract, which extends from Ogden to Monument Point, reserving however the heavy rock work on the Promontory. The sub-contractors are at work over most of the line, with here and there two "bull teams" and a lame horse, but more frequently a large and energetic force. On the rock work, referred to above, Benson, Farr and West have quite a large force under Burham, lately from the western end of the Central Company's work. This work is being done by Mormon contractors and men, although on the heavy portions they they not refuse the aid of the "Paddies," Brigham Young has the contract and is working from the mouth of Weber Canyon to the Promontory. From there to Monument Point the work has been divided among the eastern contractors, among whom may be mentioned Major Bent, Jas. Boyd, Carmichael and others.

Thus the two companies are working side by side, and the Central Pacific is making its connection complete with Salt Lake Valley. Their engineers say they will soon follow the example of the Union Pacific in locating a branch to this city, and they are full of enthusiasm about the "fine valleys south," and the idea of running through Denver. The Government has decided that the terminus of each road must be where the laid tracks meet, and neither road can refuse to take freight from that point, whether it be at the Promontory or the mouth of Weber Canyon.

Note: The date of this article has not yet been verified: essentially the same report appeared in the Salt Lake Telegraph of Dec. 27th. The above text is taken from a reprint published in the Cheyenne Leader of Dec. 30, 1868. That paper also made mention of "a report" in the Reporter "of exceedingly rich gold and silver bearing quartz, at Fillmore, about one hundred and twenty-five miles south of Salt Lake City."

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, December 27, 1868.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, December 29, 1868.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, December 30, 1868.                                  No. ?


From its beginning the management of this theater has been chacterized by a selfish and illiberal policy. The whole study seems to have been to give its patrons the least possible return for their money; to just barely keep enough of talent to furnish a sort of excuse for exorbitant prices, but not enough to satisfy public taste; to run the drama to as low a point as public sentiment would allow, and make it up by indiscriminate puffing. In spite of all this, it is a notorious fact that two-thirds of the patrons are Gentiles. The money of the Gentiles has gone to build up that institution. In return therefor they had the pleasures of listening to perhaps one good artist, supported in many instances by those who were prompted every third word, and mouthed all the rest. On Sunday last, the owner of that theater (Brigham Young) exhausted the resources of vile language in insulting his own customers. He gave public notice that he built that institution, "for our own young men and women," that if the Gentiles did come, they might rest assured they were "closely watched." "They will bear close watching," said he: "I want them to understand that! They must go according to rule, and if they step over the line they must walk." Another speaker gave notice that, "The sum and substance of the matter is, no Gentile can live and do business in this Valley. I am in favor of going for them like a blind elephant for a meal market; we do not want their patronage, and they shall not have ours." All of which was fully indorsed Brigham. Gentiles, Jews, travelers, business men, what do you think of it? He takes your money to swell his bulky hoards, and insults you for your pains. He swindles you by giving you a miserably poor article at a high price, then laughs in his sleeves to think how he has tricked you. He gets your money, and then shows by his language that he would cut your throats if he dared!

Gen. P. E. Connor has returned from a ten days' tour on the lake, on his new boat, the Kate Connor. They took a load of ties to Monument Point, and then cruised extensively on the lake, exploring the mouths of the rivers and the islands and harbors. They found no difficulty in sailing anywhere on the lake except a few points very near the shore, the water ranging from twenty to forty-five feet in depth. Bear River is easily navigable to the railroad crossing, at which point it is thirteen feet deep. The entire northern and northeastern shore present singular evidences of the great rise of the lake's surface within a few years, the boat riding for a mile in one place over what was grazing land but five years ago, the tracks of cattle being plainly visible on the bottom. It is estimated that the lake's surface has risen thirteen feet since the survey by Captain Stansbury, and is now rising one foot per year. If there is a subterranean outlet it is certainly getting choked up. The Kate Conner proved eminently well fitted for her work of transporting ties and is destined to pass into history as the pioneer steamer. Compare the present facts with Fremont's remarks on this region! Language is inadequate.

Note: The news item regarding General Connor has not been verified for content.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, December 31, 1868.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, January 1, 1869.                                      No. ?

The Telegraph of last evening reports the death of two young men, named James Reed and Richard Gibbs, who were killed by the caving in of a bank, day before yesterday morning near the entrance to Round Valley, in Weber Canyon. The body of Gibbs was conveyed to his friends in Cache Valley, and the body of Reed was brought to this city and taken to his uncle, John Muir, in the 9th Ward.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, January 2, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, January 3, 1869.                                  No. ?

John Holland, Deputy United States Marshal at Bear River, has arrived, in the city, and reports that the railroad company have laid out a new town at the head of Echo. Canyon, and intend erecting a depot there at once. Wells, Fargo & Co. are putting up a stable, and will soon connect with the railroad there. There is considerable rush from Bear River to the new town and few removals from Echo City,

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, January 5, 1869.                                  No. ?

We are reliably informed that Ives, Engineer on the Central Pacific Railroad, has been ordered to San Francisco for the purpose of getting his outfit to survey the company's route through Salt Lake. He will continue through the valleys to the south and hunt for a practicable pass to the Smoky Hill route.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, January 6, 1869.                                      No. ?


Why were the Mormons driven from Missouri? Some of them say on account of their religion. But the leading men, who are best posted, give other reasons. According to their account, the Mormons were troubled by bad men, who joined them for unworthy motives, and from time to time apostatized and stirred up enemies against them. Others, they say, remained in the Church and committed crimes upon both Mormons and Gentiles and thus drew the people's hatred upon the whole body. There is some truth in this. The Mormons settled upon a piece of land which was considered almost uninhabitable; and by their industry built up a city as if by magic. But the whole country was in a wild and lawless state, the Half-breed tract in Southern Iowa was overrun with horse thieves, counterfeiters and robbers, and Northern Missouri was but little better. The law was enforced with such slackness that the people put no confidence in it, and satisfied themselves with lynch laws in all cases more atrocious than common. Taking advantage of the bad name given to the Mormons in Missouri, all these reckless and blood-stained men gathered in the vicinity of Nauvoo. They robbed the Mormons and laid it to the Gentiles and laid it to the Mormons. The terrible murders of Miller and Leicy, in Lee County, Iowa, that of Col. Davenport, and many others, toused feelings of horror and indignation throughout the country. The murderers in many instances were traced directly to Nauvoo, but within the charmed circle all power to punish them was gone. Their confederates were ready to swear them through, and too often the cry of "persecution" was sufficient to bewilder and mislead honest Mormons, who really wished to see justice done. And what was the result? Could an angry people be expected to go into Nauvoo and discriminate between the guilty "jack-Mormons" and the really innocent Saints? It was the duty as well as the highest interest of the Mormon to have thrust out the guilty few, and have them punished; but this they did not do, and an angry people held all to be guilty alike. Open war followed, and intense suffering to thousands of innocent men, women and children. Is it necessary to point out the lesson? Exactly the same state of facts now prevails in Utah; murder after murder is committed and no effort is made by the authorities to punish them! The murderers in many instances are well known. One of them passes our office almost daily, and there is ample evidence to convict him. But what can the sufferers do? The best evidence is to no avail. No grand jury will indict and no petty jury will convict. If an outsider interfers, such onstacles are thrown in his way as to render all his efforts abortive. For the last few days a young man, searching for his missing friend, has been so followed and dogged and warned as to give him fair notice that if he moves further his life is in danger! Good Mormons have in time past spoken against these murderers to Brigham Young, and his answer as reported to us, has been; "Never mind, brethren, let these men alone. We need them now. But in time they will be tended to!"Mormon people, do you think this state of things can go on long? Will men submit to the loss of friends in silence? They may move slowly, they may remain silent a long time, but sooner or later they will act. Vigilance Committees and Mutual Protection leagues will spring up here as elsewhere; and if they are not strong enough here, they will call upon other Territories for help, and there is no doubt nut they will get it. It will be too late to cry "persecution" when war is begun. Innocent and guilty will then suffer alike, as you know to have been the case in your past history. There is but one way to escape it: "Let justice be administered upon these murderers at home and avoid trouble for the innocent mass. It is useless to ridicule or deny. These murders have been committed, and the perpetrators are in the bosom of the Church! Cast them out, and save the innocent!

STICK IT UP! -- We are still looking to see the "bull's-eye" over the City Liquor Store, as well as Godbe & Mitchell's and Jennings.' Why delay? Is it intended for the last two firms to catch all the outside custom, while only the small fry are compelled to observe the law?

HOLINESS IN A BULL's- EYE! -- Two live Irishmen were passing down Main Street yesterday, when one of them, feeling inclined for apples, accosted the old basket-carrier on the corner opposite our office, thus: "An' do you sell apples?" Peddlar -- "Yes, sir, I do." Irishman -- "Are yez a Mormon?" Peddlar -- "I amm." Irishman -- "An' where's yer shingle an' Holiness to the Lord?" Peddlar -- "O, I don't have that just to peddle apples." Irishman -- (To his companion) "Come on, Mike, dom the apple will I buy ov him till he puts up his bloody bull's-eye." And together the Hibernians wended their way to Maltese's stand and took their apples without the "Holiness."

Note 1: Editor J. H. Beadle appears to have more or less lost track of his original train of thought in his "Teachings of History" editorial. His jumping from Missouri, to Nauvoo, to Utah does little to elucidate early Mormon history or to document the interactions between criminal Mormons and those western outlaws who pretended to be observant Mormons (or who made their secret activities appear to be solely the work of criminal Mormons). The topic was too varied and complex to offer much practical evidence for the sort of editorial Beadle was attempting to write -- to try and ameliorate unpunished violent crime in Utah Territory. At this stage in his Mormon history investigations he had not yet personally visited western Missouri and Nauvoo -- nor had he yet learned enough about the topmost Mormon leaders of the 1830s and 1840s to competently review and assess the old charges that they pursued clandestine criminal careers.

Note 2: Beadle (a relative new-comer to Salt Lake City) did not forsee the genesis of the Godbeite movement, even though at times he seemed to be actively encouraging believing Mormons into just such an "anti-bullseye" rebellion. Had the Reporter crowd been in closer contact with Godbe and his mercantile associates, perhaps more productive attempts at mutual understanding would have occurred. Later, at Corinne, efforts to even superficially merge the Utah "Gentiles" and the Mormon Godbeites under the banner of the Liberal Party proved to be a rather hopeless goal.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, January 7, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, January 8, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, January 9, 1869.                                  No. ?

About dusk last evening we heard loud talking and crying in the street in front of the Boise stage office, and, hastening to the spot, found a policeman taking a woman and little boy, as he said, to the lockup. From the woman's words, and from others, we learned that her name was Suter. She came here last Summer with her husband, who joined the Mormons and soon proposed to take another wife, and took one, the woman said, who had been the concubine of a negro, whereupon his first wife left him and went to washing for a living. She was soon released by the policeman and returned to Suter's house, when she began to upbraid him, demanding a maintenance for herself and child, or to have her passage paid back to the States. The man accused her of loose conduct, and her cries and the screams of the child drew another crowd. The policemen dragged her out of the house, while one held the child, whose cries were enough to chill the blood. With what we thought unnecessary harshness, two policemen dragged the half crazy and shrieking woman to jail. Some few of the bystanders bad so little humanity as to jeer at the poor woman, while another policeman shouted, "Slap your hand over her mouth! Stop her d__d yelling!" She was taken to jail, shrieking at every step. The woman was evidently not drunk -- is it to be wondered at it she was crazy! Her husband stated in justification that she "was a bad woman -- had always led him just such a life," etc. But surely no error of a woman can justify such treatment. The fact that such things can be, and in this age, and under our flag, needs no comment. The mind turns from such a system with loathing and horror.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, January 10?, 1869.                                      No. ?

We are reliably informed that Mr. Ives, Engineer on the Central Pacific Railriad, has been ordered to San Francisco for the purpose of getting his outfit to survey the Company's route through Salt Lake. He will continue through the valleys to the south and hunt for a practible pass to the Smoky Hill route.

J.C. Orem, we are happy to annonnce, yesterday withdrew the deposit of $50 made with us a few days previous, no one having answered his response to the challenge of Patsy Marley in a substantial manner by "covering" the fifty. Con is pursuing a legitimate business here and is doing well, being far more remunerative than "manufacturing heads" in brutal encounters with aspirants tor pugilistic fame. He therefore desires us to state to those itching to pummel him that his business requires all his attention, and they will have to seek elsewhere for a fight --

The editor of the Salt Lake Reporter was ordered before the Grand Jury in Salt Lake on the 7th, and examined in regard to one of his articles. No harm done.

Note: The dates of these news items have not yet been verified. The texts comes from reprints published in the Montana Post of Jan. 22, 1869

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, January 12, 1869.                                      No. ?

AN OUTRAGE. -- [On Sunday January 10th] The Rev. Mr. Foote, of the Episcopal Church, was taken from the church while engaged in Sunday services and a warrant was read to him to appear before that Mormon Jeffries, Judge Clinton, to answer on the charge of fast riding in the streets. That it was a purposed interruption of Christian services, intended as a malicious insult, incited by a contemptible ambition to arbitrarily exercise the despotic power of Brigham Young, and intimidate the Messrs. Foote, who are teaching a public school in that city, as well as preaching, there can be no doubt. The Telegraph is the excuser of the authorities, and claims that Mr. Foote was not engaged in services at the time of his arrest, but that is a paltry mitigation of the offense, as it was on accidental circumstance, not of their choosing. Mr. Foote was taken before the magistrate on Tuesday, and fined $5, which Mr. Street, the P. M., assumed the privilege of paying.... The Mormon community as well as the Gentiles severely censure the proceedings.

Please allow me the use of your columns to comment upon one of the grossest outrages ever perpetrated upon the rights of a free people. A clergyman of the Episcopal Church, well known and respected in this city, upon a Sunday morning, while engaged in the religious service of his church, is compelled to leave the altar to the interruption of the services, and listen to the reading of a warrant issued upon a trumped up charge, by minions of a despotic power. It has been the boast of the foul-mouthed despots of Utah that the ministers of every religious denomination would find toleration here. But it is such toleration as the Gladdenites, Morrisites and Josephites have experienced. A toleration that the Brighamite emissaries surround with persecution and death. What are the facts in the present case? The clergyman rides from his house, situated at a considerable distance from his church, and passing the municipal hall, the majestic proportions of which were reared with the proceeds of whiskey, sold in the corporation whisky shop, and each stone of which marks a drunkard's grave, some of the lazy pensioners upon the City Treasury, lolling upon the doorstep of the Hall of Justice, deem it a fine opportunity to charge a minister of the gospel with the breach of city ordinance. The Justice is sought for, and in an hour's time the warrant is ready. The occasion is a rare one. Here is a fine opportunity for interrupting the services of a Christian Church. The "damned Gentiles" must be made to feel the power of the despotism which sways the destiny of Utah, and the clergyman is summoned from the altar to hear the warrant read! Why is he not arrested? Because the object is accomplished, the services are interrupted and the "Gentiles" are made to feel that they are still in Utah, the land of the Saints. The execution of the warrant could not be postponed until Monday, although the clergyman is a resident of this city and could be found at any time when wanted. Such forbearance would not suit the purposes of the vile emissaries ever ready to do their master's bidding. How long are the rights of citizens of the United States to be trampled upon here in Utah! Will it be until the government protects them or will they be their own protectors and show the tyrant of Utah that a power exists right here sufficient for his overthrow. Midnight assassins and murderers! beware the aroused justice of an outraged and indignant people!   JUSTICE.

The iron horse reached Echo City on Friday afternoon, filling the Echoites with joy (and tarantula juice.) This is the nearest point of access to the railroad until it reaches the mouth of Weber Canyon.

The Utah Legislature was organized Jan. 11th, by the election of the following officers:
House -- Orson Pratt, Speaker.
Robert L. Campbell. Chief Clerk.
Joseph C. Rich. Assistant Clerk.
F. S. Richards, Engrossing Clerk.
S. H. B. Smith. Sergeant-at-Arms.
Abinadi Pratt, Messenger.
Geo. W. Slade, Foreman.
Wm. W. Phelps. Chaplain.

Council -- Hon. Geo. A. Smith, Pres't.
Patrick Lynch, Secretary.
Charles W. Stainer. Assistant.
J. D. T. McAlister, Sergeant-at-Arms.
Charles W. Carrington, Messenger.
Charles W. Smith, Foreman.
Joseph Young. Sen., Chaplain.
The officers were sworn in by his Excellency, Acting Governor Edwin Higgins, Secretary of the Territory.

Note 1: The third news item may have actually appeared in the Reporter of January 13th.

Note 2: The Deseret News of Jan. 20, 1869 finally got around to noticing this incident -- after the Salt Lake Telegraph derided complaints against the Mormon justice system. The News published Deacon Foote's supposed infraction under the criminal news, in its police report, saying: "Rev. Henry L. Foote, for breaking the city ordinance by fast riding paid $5 of a fine."

Note 3: The Mormon Leadership's indignation over the presence of Rev. Foote, his congregation, and his "St. Mark's" elementary school in the "City of the Saints" had been noticed by the Reporter in the past -- see the report on Apostle Cannon's Conference tirade the issue for Oct. 8, 1868. But it was not only Cannon who spoke against these things. The Boston Journal's roving correspondent "Carleton" offered this c. Oct. 1868 report in that paper's issue for Jan. 9, 1869: "Apostle George A. Smith... is accounted one of the solid men of the church, and, after Brigham, the ablest saint. He has been appointed to the first Presidency, filled by Heber C. Kimball. His discourse was upon the building of Zion. It was to be done by industry and education. Under this second topic Rev. Mr. Foote, Episcopal missionary, and his Gentile school were denounced. 'I desire,' he said, raising his voice, 'that my children shall be taught by men who believe in Joseph Smith and the Church of the Latter Day Saints, who believe in a plurality of wives. A man who does not believe that is not fit to teach.'"

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, January 13, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, January 14, 1869.                                  No. ?

James McCabe, in company with J. G. Kiohn and John Cullom, entered the Overland Exchange, in Echo City, about eight o'clock, and alter drinking pretty freely, commenced a quarrel with James H. Crooks. Crooks evaded them for awhile, until one of them, Cullom, made a motion to draw a revolver, when Crooks knocked him down. A scuffle then followed, and Crooks knocked him down again. Kiolin and McCabe picked him up, and appeared to be threatening Crooks, though the deceased seems to have been trying to get his comrades away. The deceased, McCabe, was saying that he "would meet Crooks in the morning," when Crooks seized his pistol and commenced firing. The first shot struck McCabe in the left cheek and passed out under the right ear; the second struck him in the left side and passed entirely through his body, when he fell dead, Crooks' third shot striking the wall. Kiohn and Cullom had run out doors at the first shot, Crooks stepped out and fired one shot at them as they ran. Governor Durkee, being in the city, empowered two citizens to call a jury, of which the inquest developed the above facts. James McCabe, the deceased, was originally from New Haven (Conn.), but lately from San Francisco, where he has a brother living. Public sentiment here sustains Crooks in shooting.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, January 15, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, January 16, 1869.                                  No. ?

CHAUNCEY MILLARD, THE BOY MURDERER, CONDEMNED TO BE SHOT. -- At the January term of the District Court, held at Provo, on the 13th instant, Chauncey Millard, indicted for the murder of Harland P. Swett, near Cedar valley, December 11th, was arraigned, and, having no counsel, Major Hempstead, was appointed by the Court to conduct the detente. A jury was impaneled and the prisoner put on his trial. Plea "not guilty." Mayfield, Rockwell and Lorey were sworn on the part of the prosecution, conclusively proving the guilt of the prisoner, and the case submitted to the jury after argument by counsel. The jury returned into Court with a verdict of murder in the first degree. The Court delivered an impressive address to the prisoner, concluding with the sentence of the law, that he be publicly shot to death by the Sheriff of Utah county, in the city of Provo, on Friday, the 29th of January. The prisoner, although but seventeen years of age, received the sentence with stolid indifference, although many an eye in the large audience was wet with tears, and the solemn occasion was one long to be remembered by the citizens of Provo.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, January 17, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, January 19, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, January 20, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, January 21, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, January 22, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, January 23, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, January 24, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, January 26?, 1869.                                  No. ?

Brigham Young's Preaching. -- Over the body of lecturer, Miss Augusta St. Clair, was an outrage on decency. It was a very strong doctrinal sermon with much self-glorification, and an attack upon religious opponents....

(under construction)

Note: The date of the abiove item has not yet been verified. See The Latter-Day Saints Millennial Star of March 20th for Brigham's Jan. 24th discourse.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, January 27, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, January 28, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, January 29, 1869.                                  No. ?

PROMONTORY CITY. -- The number of actual residents reaches nearly four hundred, and transient residents are numerous. The city is located about five miles from the Lake shore, and nearly forty-five from Brigham city by the new road or cut off, which has been in use a week. There is considerable amount of travel from the Union Pacific Railroad towards Humboldt Wells, and local business is good. The citizens have seceded from Utah, on their own motion, and attached themselves to Idaho, in other words declared their independence and local sovereignty. One week ago a general citizens' meeting was called, and a Marshal, Council of five persons, and four policemen appointed, as well as a Justice of the peace. Since the episode of the horse thieves some time ago, there has been no crime of note, in fact nothing beyond some trifling thefts. Quite substantial buildings are being erected with comfortable finishings, and we may consider the city as an established fact.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, January 30, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, January 31?, 1869.                                  No. ?


Will our very saintly contemporaries inform us how mean and pusillanimous the Mormon law-makers can be? Mr. H. M. Ross, lately of the Pacific House of this city, and a resident for number of years, a few weeks ago started for Brigham City, to reside there with his family and go into business until the new railroad town was laid off. He opened a restaurant. The Saints charged him $400 license, although the other (Mormon) hotels there pay but $100. Finding such a damnable practice did not work well, the minions of Brigham Young tried to "freeze" him out by refusing to sell him any meat, milk, etc. Mr. Ross, however, immediately took measures to secure the wherewith to feed the hungry travelers who are passing through that place in large numbers, on their way for Promontory and other places. Mr. Ross circumvented, for the time being, the "muchly" honored and highly respectable "authorities," but there is no telling how soon another attempt will be made, as Mr. Ross is doing a lively business. Only $300 extra for being a Gentile! Verily, strangers are invited to Utah! Come on "outsiders," you'll find an asylum in Utah! But come prepared to pay your tithing.


"We will starve these d___d Gentiles out, or if we cannot we will drive them out." -- School of the Prophets.

That history repeats itself is now realized in Salt Lake City; the above boast for one feature, as can be seen by reading Hunt's "Mormon War in Missouri," a clear and truthful work. There by the affidavits of their own men -- dissenters they were then called, now apostates -- the causes of the "Mormon expulsion" are truthfully set forth. Why not be pretentious, arrogant, tyrannial; they were born to rule a world? "Kings and priests of the Most High God!"


A friend writes us from Brigham City: Did you hear of the threatened hanging of Bishop ____ on the Railroad? Perhaps you know more about it than we do. The following is what rumor brought here: Some graders from the east left their employer and worked for Bishop _____, one of the heaviest Mormon contractors. When pay day arrived the Bishop charged them tithing on their wages and deducted the same from the amount due them. This the "d__d Gentiles" "couldn't see," and they threatened to suspend Mr. Bishop to the limb of some contiguous tree; when he "forked over" and the matter was settled. The Bishop did a very unwise thing in endeavoring to collect tithing from any but Mormons, and has, no doubt, been taught a lesson he will not be likely soon to forget. We suppress the name for private reasons.

On Friday evening about eight o'clock the Hospital Steward at Camp Douglas, named Lucius O'Brien, while on his way to camp, stopped at the Half-way House, about six blocks from Main street, and while there got into an altercation with Corporal Foster, the mail-carrier between here and camp. O'Brien struck Foster several blows in the face, when those present interfered and O'Brien left for camp, Foster lett soon after on horseback. About nine o'clock the body of O'Brien was found by two men, who supposed him to be drunk, and took it up to camp. Upon examination at the hospital he was found to be shot through the heart. Major Benham, Officer of the Day, immediately commenced an investigation of the case, which resulted in the arrest and confinement in the guard-house of Corporal Foster, who is charged with having committed the crime.

Note: The date and full content of the firsr three items above have not been verified -- they may be from the issue for Jan. 30th.

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, February 2, 1869.                                      No. ?


Should she go to Congress? -- Sorosis.

(under construction)

ECHO CITY NO. 2. -- This new reailroad town is looming into prominence. Late arrivals from there represent large buildings "going up," which have the air of confidence in permanence. Like No. 1 it has a small market of the farming country surrounding. Both places will be the shipping points of the coal abounding in that vicinity. It was rumored at Wasatch on Saturday that passenger cars would run to Echo City (No. 2) on Monday (yesterday). But it was not generally credited.

GOLD! -- We had the pleasure of a call yesterday from C. D. La Baume of Promontory City, who reports a lively excitement there over the newly discovered gold diggings forty miles west. Mr. La Baume found the placer diggings on the south side of Raft River Range to be very, rich, yielding 30 cents to the pan on "bed rock," with fine gold all the way through the gravel down of good prospects. It is about five feet to the "bed rock." These diggings are about ten miles from the nearest point on the railroad line and lie along three streams known as Indian Creek. Dove Creek and Sagebrush Creek. These creeks rise in the Raft River Range and run toward the south, but are lost in the desert before reaching Salt Lake. Raft River Range is not laid down on most of the maps, but extends east and west from Bartram's Peak, which is the main point in the range. The placer diggings lie nearly midway between the Peak and Spring Bay, the most northern point of Salt Lake. The creeks mentioned will furnish enough water for only four or five months in the year, and we are not informed what facilities exist for a better supply, but as the mines are very rich it will probably be found. Clear Creek runs along the northern side of the range, and there are quartz mines in the mountains, though little is yet known of them. Many parties are preparing to "go in" as soon as the snow will allow them to work, and we confidently expect a lively mining town considerably nearer than White Pine. Now let somebody discover rich diggings in close proximity to this city, besides those in Bingham Canyon, and we will ask for no more.

GIRL KILLED --We are indebted to H. M. Macaulay, who arrived in the city from the "end of the track" yesterday, for the following particulars of the accidental death of a young girl in Weber Canyon: On the 30th ult. a heavy blast was discharged, scattering huge rocks in every direction for a distance of nearly a mile. A large stone from this blast struck on the roof of the house in which the girl and her parents resided, a quarter of a mile distant, penetrating it, striking the girl and killing her instantly. When struck by the stone she had a babe in her arms, which escaped without the least injury. Annie Cassidy is the name of the deceased, who was about 16 years of age. She was taken east for burial.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, February 3, 1869.                                      No. ?


For many years after the Mormons settled in this country they came in contact, for the most part, with the worst specimens of the American people. From the administration of Fillmore to that of Lincoln, Utah was facetiously spoken of as the "Botony Bay of worn out politicians." If a man was fit for nothing else, and yet had to be rewarded for political service, he was sent to Utah. At the same time those who came here as private individuals were often the offscourings of the States, men who had "left their country for their country's good," and wished to get rid of all laws and social restrictions. There were many honorable exceptions, both as to officials and private individuals, but the Gentiles will take no offense at our saying that the most of the visitors were no credit to our country. At the same time the state of society in the Territories was in a disorganized condition, law had not kept up with settlement and vice was exhibited in its worst forms. These facts have been the trump card of the Brighamites. The conduct of certain Gentiles has been their most powerful lever, of which they have taken every possible advantage. They have urged upon their followers the idea that these few men were true representatives of all Gentile communities and that America everywhere outside of Utah, presented a scene of universal fraud and violence. That they were lying, and knew it, made no sort of difference to them as long as their people believed it. Seven-eighths of "this people" were foreigners, totally ignorant of American society and character, and consequently ready to believe whatever their leaders told them about the Gentiles. In such a case a lie well stuck to was as good as the truth. They could point to an unworthy official as an example of all they had told their people about American licentiousness. Hence nothing troubled them so mucg as to have a really honorable man come here in an official capacity. While constantly protesting that they "did not object to good men," the fact was, nothing troubled them so much as a good man, such a one was a constant and living denial of all their teachings. But a better day dawned on their political history, and for some years the National Government was represented here at once by power, dignity and incorruptible firmness. And it was precisely that administration which gave Brigham Young more trouble than any other. If the Governor and Judges would only have got drunk, or indulged in other debauchery, or committed themselves in some way, he would have had a powerful hold to work against them. But they were guiltless of "wine, women and wassail," and could neither be trapped nor compromised. A Gentile society has been established here, which will bear comparison with any in the world, and they exert a social force which is making heavy inroads into young Morondom. And it is this honorable social force which the leading Brighamites dread, above everything else. As long as men would only swagger, swear and curse "this people" they had little or no effect, but a community of a thousand gentlemen and ladies, respectful and polite, is a dangerous power to Brighamism. A man and a woman, living in honorable marriage, are a constant reproach to a polygamous neighbor. They make him feel his injustice every day, and this feeling is at the bottom of present hostility to Gentile business men. Those men bring their families here, they honor women, they treat [their wives] as equals with politeness and respect, they open the eyes of suffering women here to the glory and beauty of honorable monogamy, and the result among male polygamists is "envy, hatred, malice and all uncharitableness." This feeling was forcifully expressed a few days ago by a polygamist, husband of four wives, in speaking to a lady friend of ours: "Mrs. S., I don't want you to come in here and talk to my women, and show them your presents; you make my women discontented! You are too independent, you are not subject to your husband, you don't obey the celestial law, and I don't want my women to hear such stuff; it makes them discontented." The old reprobate was about right; it was a sad sight to his "women" to witness their neighbor blessed with the sole and undivided love of an honorable husband. It was apt to make them "discontented." Such examples must be kept far away from "Zion." Hence the present desperate effort to drive away all Gentiles in business here.

THE BEAUTIES OF POLYGAMY. -- Last Friday a little "unpleasantness" occurred in a Bishop's family residing not a thousand miles from the 19th Ward. It appears that the supposed head of the family (the Bishop) was absent from home. Mrs. Bishop No. 2, to illustrate and exercise her authority, severely chastised the two sons of Mrs. Bishop No. 1. The juveniles, aged respectively 11 and 13 years, not relishing the authority exercised by their ad interim "parent," called on "mam" for reinforcements. Girding on her armor. No. 1 sallied forth in defense of her progeny -- seizing No. 2, she held her in the grip of a vice, while the exasperated juveniles proceeded to take revenge and inflict punishment, which they did to their heart's content. When the Bishop returned home "the devil was to pay." Like Nasby in trouble, he sat down and wept "profoosely." After a burst of grief, he called a meeting of the "teachers" to decide the case. Upon due deliberation this very wise and necessary adjunct of Mormonism decided that the boys should humbly ask pardon of Mrs. Bishop No. 2 for the "wholloping" they gave her, and promise never to do so again. The eldest of the boys did the graceful, "axed pardon" per instruction, but the youngest stands firm and says: "The one who was licked the worst has got to ax pardon, and not the one that helped to do the licking." We pity the Bishop, and advise him to get sealed again.

ONE MAN KILLED AND TWO WOUNDED. -- A driver on the Eastern coach yesterday informed a friend of ours that a lively shooting affair had occurred on Sunday at Wasatch, in which a man named Barney Lynch was killed and two others wounded. No particulars. Our Echo correspondent alludes to the affair, but has only Lynch wounded and no particulars. The reports are very conflicting.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, February 4, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, February 5, 1869.                                      No. ?


Our exchanges contain

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, February 6, 1869.                                      No. ?


"Yes bring on your schools...

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, February 7, 1869.                                      No. ?


It is sad but instructive to look over the history of the world and note the thousand forms of error which have seized upon and perverted the human mind, in regard to the unseen world and the immortal powers. Man seems to be ever struggling in the toils of superstition and yet unwilling to accept the plain truth which would "make him wise unto salvation." For several centuries after the overthrow of their nation the Jews seem to have been peculiarly subject to be peculiarly subject to be deceived by false Messiahs, who promised to restore them to their ancient honors. The Prophets had predicted in glowing language that a Messiah should come and save his people, but the time was undetermined, and it is a remarkable fact that if the Rabbinical eriters had settled upon any one year as the time when Messiah would probably come, a false Messiah was sure to arise. One generation produced no less than ten of these impostors, of whom Matthias and Judas the Gaulonite were most noted. About the middle of the Seventeenth century appeared one Sabbatai Seva, claiming to be the Christ who was to restore that people. The 26th of June was fixed upon as the manifestation, at which time he predicted, he would sit upon the throne of the Grand Seigneur. His followers soon amounted to several thousands, who testified to many miracles. Sabbatei seems to have become the dupe of his own imposture, for he actually journeyed to Constantinople to proclaim his new mission. But the Sultan, instead of yielding, simply threw him into a dungeon. He was shortly brought before the Court and told that nothing but a miracle performed at once, would save him. He was ordered to be strippednaked and shot by a good marksman, when, if he excaped unhurt, his Messiahship should be at once acknowledged. This simple test brought him to his reason. He begged for mercy and confessed. He was ordered to be impaled unless he at once became a Mohammedan. He at once chose the latter, declaring it was an honor he had long coveted! In this jusdment was shown the wisdom of the Sultan. The true cure for fanaticism is to make it ridiculous. Sabbatai dead would have been a martyr or canonized Saint, and perhaps left a dangerous class of followers. As a living turncoat he worked the cure of his own deceit. The people of Illinois were not so wise on a certain occasion in their history. The early Christians were not exampt from these delusions. Many of them imagined the world would end in their day. Indeed this was for a time the general belief, that all their enemies were to be destroyed at once, that Christ was to reappear in the Fourth century and Rome and Jerusalem to be the capitals of His earthly empire. A belief in witchcraft was universal fir eighteen centuries, and even now has not faded entirely out of weak or superstitious minds. Every unusual sight or sound is supposed by such to have an infernal origin, and but a short time ago, an editor, a learned "Apostle," gravely ascribed the stupefying effects of charcoal, and the antics of a little pine board, to the agency of the devil! In this view such things are merely amusing, but it is melancholy to reflect that every such delusion, having obtained any foothold, has sooner or later terminated in blood! And the innocent too often suffered for no crime, but credulity and mad fanaticism. The "Peasants' War" in the early part of the Sixteenth century is the most striking example that now occurs to us. Certain persons in Germany, among whom Munster and Becker were chief, proclaimed that a New Jerusalem was to be set up, that all property was to be in common, that men were not to be subject to rulers and magistrates, but every man a law unto himself. They also advocated at different times polygamy, a community of wives, abrogation of marriage and promiscuous association. The popular mind of Germany was at that time excited over the Reformation and political matters, and these mad fanatics soon had 100,000 adherents. In the disturbed condition of the country they were able to drive many landowners from their estates, which they divided among themselves. They put down the magistrates with crime and outrage, till at length the national troops marched against and beseiged them in the town of Munster. The place was betrayed, and taken with dreadful slaughter, while the leaders were put to the severest torture, their flesh being torn from their bones with red hot pincers. In this delusion not less than 100,000 persons lost their lives.

Somewhat similar was the case of Joanna Southcott, an old hag, who claimed to be the mother of another Messiah, which was to be born from the influences of the Holy Ghost, and set up his temporal kingdom on earth. She had 70,000 followers at one time, and pretended to the gifts of "sealing" and special miracles. But contrary to the hopes of her followers she died without giving birth to a child, and though her body was kept after death until decomposition had fully set in, thousands of them believed she would rise again, and many vowed never to cut their beards till she came. Within ten years the traveler in some villages of England would find strange, half demented looking men, with long beard but without the usual accompanying Jewish pjysiognomy, and on inquiry would learn that they were believers in Joanna Southcott. In this country the Salem witchcraft is the most remarkable instance in our early history, but in latter times New York seems to have originated a host of wild and absurd systems. Spiritualism, Freelovism, Communism, Socialism and Mormonism are a few of the growths from the prolific soil of human credulity. That spirits from another sphere do not sometimes commune with mortals is what we are not prepared to state. It is rather probable they do. But that the spirits of George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, and other sages and heroes should return to earth on no higher errand than to kick tables and chairs around the room, or dribble second class moral philosophy, seems to us utterly absurd. But thousands, more probably millions, are willing to stake their earthly interest, if not their eternal salvation on just such manifestations. The peculiar conditions of the human mind which give rise to most of these delusions is easily understood. There is a strong desire in the natural man to know more of God and hidden things personally, to see or hear them face to face. Man would pry into the hidden mysteries of Providence, which we are told, "the angels desired to look into and were not able." And at the same time the carnal mind is unwilling to use the appointed means, whereby only this knowledge may be obtained; to study the written Word, to do the works therein commanded and rise to that degree of moral purity by which alone his conception of unseen things can be hightened. He would be gross, sensual and earthy, and at the same time comprehend the pure and the heavenly. The two are incompatible. Hence, dissatisfied with his own condition, yet without the moral energy to amend it, dissatisfied with the truth presented, yet unwilling to take the required course to gain more truth, he forthwith hunts for some shorter, easier way, some method more consonant with a corrupt nature, to satisfy his mind and perhaps to quiet an awakened conscience. This natural feeling of the human mind is seized upon by impostors, often the dupe of their own fancies, and thus originate ten thousand wild and fanciful schemes for getting at a knowledge of the world to come. The symptoms of this soul-madness are found in every such delusion. Men imagine that they hold conversations with the spirits, that they can work miracles, that they are especial favorites of heaven above all other men and can claim a special revelation for whatever they desire. The gross familiarity with which such fanatics of all kinds speak of the Supreme Being, their claim of the office of the Holy Ghost, and their degrading conceptions of spiritual things are matters of every day notice. It is noticeable too, how generally they attribute every unfortunate event to the personal agency of the devil, but expect total immunity from harm and a final triumph over all their enemies on earth. In Mormonism and kindred delusions how often we witness men gloating over the bloody destruction which is to fall upon their foes, and rejoicing at the thought that "the Lord will vex the nations in his fury." This remarkable divergence from the spirit of Christ is of itself sufficient to show the earthly and devilish character of such systems. The gospel of Christ breathes only peace, concord and forgiveness, but these delusions are ever accompanied by threats and prophecies of blood and destruction. The Old Testament is their favorite ground, the people who slaughtered whole nations at God's command, the general who hewed captive kings to pieces, the patriarchs eho committed incest with his daughters-in-law, or the Prophet who led armies to slaughter the enemies of Zion, are their highest examples, forgetting that "old things are passed away and all things become new."

Here we would merely ask how many of these symptoms are found in Mormonism, rather, how many are not found in it? Here we witness men claiming a special revelation to violate the laws of their country, denouncing woe and destruction upon all their enemies and submitting to a spiritual despotism which interferes with trade, labor and all the social concerns of life. In their writings we find the avowal that they ought to tell an untruth for the sake of the cause, and we find all their papers in 1850, bitterly denouncing an institution which they openly defend in 1860. We find them teaching the absurd doctrine that a man's glory in eternity is to depend upon the size of his family. All the faithful saints, they tell us, are to have kingdoms in eternity, and the most faithful to have worlds furnished them for their spiritual progeny. So when we see a Mormon we see a spirit that was, a Saint that is and a God that is to be. Such is the theory of polygamy in this gross compound of Buddhism, Brahminism, Manicheeism, Judaism and Christianity, which is called Mormonism. Nowhere through the detail of their tenets is purity taught or hinted at. It is all pure selfishness, mere grossness, sexualism deified and the domain of the senses made the empire of the universe. That Being in whose sight "the heavens are not clean," who"put no trust in his servants and his angels he charged with folly," who is far above all thought of earthliness, has no part in such a system. They have degraded the human conception of Deity till He has become in their minds altogether such a one as themselves. The heathen philosophers of 2,000 years ago were, in purity of conception, infinitely their superiors. Plato's Deity was as far in advance of Brigham's as the loftiest conceptions of a refined and virtuous philosopher are above the filthy imaginations of an impostor. Such is the innate character of this, the last religious delusion. There remains one important question: Will this delusion, like so many that have preceeded it, end in blood? The teachings of history would indicate that it will. But it is earnestly to be hoped than an enlightened age and nation may find some better way.


In all our criticisms on Mormonism we have carefully avoided saying aught against their women; and this because we considered them really pure and virtuous. In fact, the wonder has often been in our mind that with such husbands and such doctrines, female purity has so far triumphed, and we have awarded Mormon women all the praise. But a communication appears in last evening's News which has staggered our belief considerably. It is signed "The husband of a wise wife," and is a defense by the writer of his wife's (?) virtue! And his own statement is as follows:
A man in this city had often seen the woman on the street, was pleased with her appearance, and, supposing her to be a young lady, sent a note requesting an acquaintance and proposing to accompany her to the theater. She answered the note, appointed a place of meeting, did meet him, and told him she was married. After a short conversation he bid good night and started home, when he was attacked by her friends, beaten, and given in charge of an officer.
After this statement, "the husband of the wise wife" goes on to glorify his wife's virtue and prudence! This may be Salt Lake virtue, but in any other community in our knowledge it would be a very queer confession for a woman to make. That a virtuous woman should so act is strange enough, but that her husband should rush into print in praise of the act, is to us incomprehensible. And that a learned editor should publish such stuff as evidence of his people's virtue is strangest of all. To show that we have not misrepresented this "wise wife" and "virtuous lady," we publish her answer to the note requesting an interview:
S. L. City Feb'y 5, 1869 2 p.m.        
Mr. C. A. P.
Dear Sir:
        I have considered your letter handed to me in the Street the day before yesterday and first I thought of taking no notice of it but have since thought there could be no harm in my going to the Theater with you once anyway and as you named this evening I will meet you at half past Six o'clock and I hope you will be at the place I will appoint in time and I will be punctual. In order that I may know it is you when you meet me say in a clear voice C. A. P. and I will answer P. S. M. my initials. I will meet you on the State Road on the block the mansion house is on only near the other corner south from the mansion house as it is near where I live and I do not want to come far alone. Do not get the Theater Tickets in a seat where everybody will see us. I will tell you why when we meet.   P. S. M.

I hope this will reach you in time, you will see a new wooden building near the Corner where I have told you to meet me on the East side of the street. I hardly know who to send with this without my folks knowing of it.
She did meet him, conversed with him in a friendly manner, and after that he was attacked by three men, knocked down and his neck-tie and breast-pin tore off him, and the police promptly appearing, arrested him and let the other men go. Such is the equity of the Salt Lake police; such is the idea of honor; but let us hope that this "wise wife" is not a representation of Mormon virtue!

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, February 9, 1869.                                      No. ?

TROUBLE BREWING. -- The following is received by private letter, dated Brigham City, February 6th -- 6:30 p. m., and can be considered reliable: "Telegraphic news has just been received from Bear River Station that a portion of a company of militia passed there this afternoon, on their way to Promontory. It appears the workmen on West, Farr & Benson's contract have struck for higher wages, and thereupon a row ensued. The militia are from this city. Don't know their exact number. Later. -- lt is uncertain how matters actually are at the Promontory. There is 'war' in the air, sure. I have been in several places in town to-night, and made inquiries. From what I can gather, I think a number of persons (Mormons) have gone to the Promontory (armed with rifles, pistols, etc.) to collect taxes. I think they have been there before and levied a tax of five per cent.; at least such a tax was levied. As this followed immediately upon the arrival of 'President' Snow, it looks as if the Mormon authorities had directed the move. There has been something of a row in West, Farr & Benson's camp, but to what extent, or whether settled, I cannot now learn."

The delay at Omaha of the Eastern mail gave way a few days ago, and on Saturday last our eyes were gladdened by the sight of Wells Fargo & Co.'s stages, loaded with 120 sacks of Eastern mail. We are informed that they brought at one load all the accumulation of several days. At this season this is quite a triumph of the company in the mail carrying line.

Brigham Young says he would be willing to give up "half of his wives" if he were certain they would get husbands who could "lead them to eternal salvation." In his uncertainty he thinks he will keep them for their own sakes.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, February 10, 1869.                                      No. ?

In consequence of the warm winter weather the fall of snow about the head waters of the Missouri has been very light. As a result, the Missouri will be quite low next spring, some say too low for the lightest boats to run at all. Of course all the Montana freight which would have gone by that river, will of necessity be forwarded over the U. P. R. R. Besides increasing the carrying trade of the road very greatly, this fact will affect the trade of the railroad town, or towns, in the upper part of this valley, very materially. The road leading from Bear river north to Helena is a fine one for the mountains, but can and undoubtedly will, be greatly improved when the heavy travel sets in, as it will probably be used three times as much as ever before. At whatever point the depot for the Montana freight is established, a brisk trade will begin at once with the opening of spring. This unusual state of affairs will not not probably continue more than one season, but the town which gets that start will keep it. Thus the elements favor the great enterprise.

A Mormon Bishop and an English Preacher at Ogden City.

Sunday at Ogden is rather quiet day. Bishop West's bar was closed yesterday, so I took the next best entertainment and attended preaching at the schoolhouse. The speaker for the day was a thin, leathery, consumptive-looking Englishman, who took no text, but rattled away on whatever came uppermost in a very miscellaneous manner, touching here, there and everywhere on the whole duty of man. But, as usual, he soon got on to the subject of the great destruction soon to fall upon the Gentiles, and how gloriously "this people" would be lifted up. Quite apropos to his subject, he committed most atrocious murder -- of the English language, in every sentence. An irrepressive conflict raged between his nouns and verbs -- they could never both be singular or plural at the same time. But I am bound in common honor to say that he amused me. He said "the Saints were the most seleckest people hon the face ov the herth. Hif they hain't, my brethren, why did they gather to these valleys hand mountains? Why?" (If this was meant for a conundrum, I give it up.) He went on: "They laughed at Noar hand said what an old fool he was to build a hark, but lots ov 'em wished they was hin it. Didn't they, brethren? h'l say they did. They laughed at Daniel, but hit turned out that 'e was right. And they laughed at Helijah, and they swore hat 'im when he said there would be no rain; and now they laugh at us." The logical conclusion, o course, was that laughing at a prophet is conclusive proof that he is a true one. If Daniel was right the Saints naturally must be.

The speaker continued slaughtering the unbelievers: "Why don't they hansor our harguments! They can't do it brethren!" The speaker did not seem to remember that one can go into any lunatic asylum in the United States and find a dozen people whose arguments he cannot answer to their satisfaction.

Last night there was a hard freeze, but the sun rose clear and soon thawed the ground; it is now quite warm and there is not a cloud in the sky. Business is quite dull here, except for the hotels and the Bishop's bar; the latter is extensively patronized. The Bishop says he was chosen here to attend to the spiritual interests of "this people." I can testify that he is doing it; but if his religion is no purer than his whisky he will never see the promised land. You can gamble on that.

Property has advanced 200 per cent at Ogden City, Utah. The Mormons own all the ground, and have offered the U. P. R. R. Co., $1000,000 and 300 acres of land if they will locate the station there instead of on the "bench" seven miles north as threatened.

The singular changes of the year 1868, in regard to temperature and moisture, give rise to many speculations as to their effects the coming year. The people of California seem to have come to the conclusion that they are to have an unusually dry season, and in many places are making preparations for it. The Summer of 1868 was throughout the United States and England one of unusual heat and drouth. In Utah, however, there was a much larger fall of rain than ordinary. The Winter has been like the Summer, noted for a lack of moisture. Along the course of the Union Pacific Railroad the weather has been so mild that track-laying has been suspended but for a few days. As a result the road has reached a point at least two hundred miles further west than was expected last Spring. In consequence of the warm Winter the fall of snow about the head waters of the Missouri has been very light. As a result the Missouri will be quite low next Spring, some say too low for the lightest boats to run at all. Of course all the Montana freight, which would have gone by that river, will of necessity be forwarded over the Union Pacific Railroad. Besides increasing the carrying trade of the road very greatly, this fact will affect the trade of the railroad town, or towns, in the upper part of this valley very materially. The road leading from Bear River North to Helena is a fine one for the mountains, but can and undoubtedly will be greatly improved when the heavy travel sets in, as it will probably be used three times as much as ever before. At whatever point the depot for the Montana freight is established, a brisk trade will begin at once with the opening of Spring. This unusual state of affairs will I not probably continue more than one season, but the town which gets this start will keep it. Thus the elements favor the great enterprise.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, February 11, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, February 12, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                        Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, February 13, 1869.                                         No. 1.


Ogden, U. T., February 13, 1869.          
The morning of my departure...

It is reported that the new town scheme near Ogden, mastered by Brigham Young, has been frustrated by the Union Pacific Railroad Company. It is said the new town will be placed in market shortly.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, February 14, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, February 16, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, February 17, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, February 18, 1869.                                      No. ?

The location of Connor City is high, dry, healthy, and at the "head of navigation" on Bear river, or where the head will be when the railroad bridge is built. Whether the company will lay out a town there is quite another question; the public are referred to the "brethren" who have the gifts of "divination" and "speaking in tongues." The refinements have made little progress at Connor; they have no bishop, and consequently no licensed saloon, theatre or harem. There is no news-stand, post-office or barber shop. The citizens wash in the river and comb their hair by crawling through the sagebush. A private stage is run from this place to Promontory, passing through Connor. The proprietor calls it a Try-Weekly, that is, it goes out one week and tries to get back the next.

Brigham Young has compelled store-keeping saints to paint an eye and a motto, "Holiness to the Lord," over their shop doors. We do not believe in profaning the holy name of God for the sake of filthy lucre. To paint a representation of the Deity in the form of a man, holding the lightnings in his right hand and a dumb-watch in his left, is in our opinion almost as bad as to stick "Holiness to the Lord" over cheap calico and decayed codfish. But the former has this redeeming quality, it was put up for amusement, it was meant to deceive nobody. It was a thoroughly honest "take off," while the "bull's eye" sign is a profane swindle, a daring attempt at blasphemy, cheating, hypocrisy and petty meanness all in one. If God does interfere in the moral order of this world the proprietors of those swindling signs, will certainly be cursed for such use of his name. It is said in fable that the pot occasionally calls the kettle "a black thing." On the same principle our Mormon friends were quite indignant over the new sign over the way. Several wished to tear it down at once, but Bill Hyde forbade it, and his word seemed to be law with them. "We are informed the matter was laid before Brigham and the Council on Monday evening, and after a full and rather savage discussion, it was decided "to let the d__d thing alone, for it was probably put up to cause a fuss." We gladly hail this evidence of returning reason on the part of the Hierarchy.

Note: The date of the second news item is uncertain -- it may have been published a day or two later.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, February 19, 1869.                                  No. ?

The following are the particulars of the shooting affair at Wasatch, Wednesday evening, February 10th, received by letter: About 1 o'clock a. m. the retired citizens were awakened by the report of fire arms in the upper part of the city, where the sporting community mostly reside. Between twenty and thirty shots were fired in quick succession, and the citizens began to think of another Bear river riot, when the firing suddenly ceased, and all became calm again. Next morning found one man killed and another wounded. The unfortunate victim was a stranger, having been in town only two hours. He was buried the next day in the Wasatch Cemetery, just back ol town. The cemetery now contains a dozen graves, and the occupants have all come to an untimely end.

We regret very much that duty compels us to allude so frequently to the brutality of the Salt Lake police and the one-sided way of dealing out justice by Alderman Clinton. With our own eyes we beheld a sight last evening that fairly made us shudder, and inwardly ask -- Is there no redress for such wrongs? Frank McKenna, passing by the jail yesterday, was led by curiosity to go up to the iron-grated window and look in. A man, who was afterward recognized as a policeman, just then came around the corner of the jail. He gruffly told the man to remove from the window or he would kick him away. Not liking the rough manner in which he was accosted, and having drank a little liquor, he talked back, when two more policemen appeared, and in a twinkling McKenna found himself in jail, in the midst of twelve or fifteen prisoners. The prisoners, not receiving any coffee with their meals without they have money to pay for it, requested the new member, he being genteely dressed, to give them enough to buy it with. He remonstrated and told them he had no money, when they pounced upon him and beat him terribly, closing his one eye entirely, the police looking on and enjoying the fun! Finding it impossible to get assistance he cried for quarter, saying be would give them his watch as a security that sufficient money should be forthcoming for them to buy coffee ($3.50). This was granted. In the afternoon he was taken before the Alderman, who fined him $10. McKenna told His Aldermanic Honor that the prison house was a nasty and filthy concern, that there was a perfect stench in the place, and that it was not a fit place, in the present condition, to put any man into, no matter how degraded he might be. The worthy Alderman, upon this little bit of the prisoner's mind, ordered him to be taken back to prison and confined in the same room. He was kept there about an hour and then given liberty, although the watch is not a valuable one, he tried to recover it, but without avail. McKenna we take to be a well informed and quite intelligent Irishman. He requested us to make this statement as it is the only means of redress afforded.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                        Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, February 20, 1869.                                         No. 2.


Ogden, U. T., February 15, 1869.          
Three days in Ogden have convinced me that it is about the poorest place in creation for a large city. The streets yesterday were literally impassable for footmen, except at two places where raised crossings were thrown up, and last evening a team stuck fast directly in front of out hotel and had to be dug out by the drivers. The U. P. R. R. House, where I stop, is on the east side of a vacant space, called by courtesy the "Public Square," which is now a regular lake, or rather a Black Sea of mud. The Boise stage on which I was to go to Brigham City, was due here at 1:39 P. M. yesterday, but reached here a little before midnight, and then could not take me, being filled with mail sacks, so full that there was not room for one more. Sunday at Ogden is rather a quiet day. Bishop West's bar was closed yesterday, so I took tbe next best entertainment and attended preaching at the school-house. The speaker for the day was a thin, leathery, consumptive-looking Englishman, who took no text, but rattled away on whatever came uppermost, in a very miscellaneous manner, touching here, there and everywhere on the whole duty of man. But, as usual, he soon got on to the subject of the great destruction soon to fall upon the Gentiles, and how gloriously "this people" would be lifted up. Quite apropos to his subject, he committed most atrocious murder -- of the English language, in every sentence. An irrepressible conflict raged between his nouns and verbs, they could never both be singular or plural at the same time. But I am bound in common honor to say that he amused me. He said "the Saints were the most seleckest people hon the face ov the berth. Hif they hain't, my brethren, why did they gather to these valleys hand mountains? Why?" (If this was meant for a conundrum, I give it up.) He went on: "They laughed at Noar hand said what an old fool he was to build a hark, but lots ov 'em wished they was hin it. Didn't they, brethren? h'l say they did. They laughed at Daniel, but h'it turned out that 'e was right. And they laughed at Helijah, and they swore hat 'im when he said there would be no rain; and now they laugh at us." The logical conclusion, of course, was that laughing at a prophet is conclusive proof that he is a true one. If Daniel was right the Saints naturally must be. The speaker continued slaughtering the unbelievers: "Why don't they hanswer our hargaments? They can't do it, brethren!" The speaker did not seem to remember that one can go into any lunatic asylum in the United States and find a dozen people whose arguments he cannot answer to their satisfaction. There is a species of fish that cannot be made drunk by any amount of whiskey; it can even swim in that fluid! It is called the mullet head. It has no brains. Consequently nothing for the whisky to act on. Acute minds may perceive a parallel in the two cases. There must be a starting point for any discussion. In order to argue people must habve some ground in common to start from. All the Mormon preachers I ever heard assume that certain facts are true and then go on to argue from them. Admit those facts to be true and the rest of their argument is quite clear. But it is about these first facts that we differ IN TOTO. They persist in believing that all America outside of Utah is a seething mass of fraud, violence and crime, that the Gentiles would cut their throats in a minute if they could, or next to that would seduce their wives or daughters the very first opportunity. That one Gentile may be bad and another good is beyond their comprehension. To them all outsiders are alike "Children of the Devil." When people get in such a mental quagmire as this, argument is wasted on them. When they become better acquainted with the outside world they will know better; not otherwise.

The halcyon days are returning here. Last night there was a hard freeze, but the sun rose clear and soon thawed the ground; it is now quite warm and there is not a cloud in the sky. Business is quite dull here, except for the hotels and the Bishop's bar; the latter is extensively patronized. The Bishop says he was chosen here to attend to the spiritual interests of "this people." I can testify that he is doing it; but if his religion is no purer than his whisky he will never see the promised land. You can gamble on that.   B.

We met in the city yesterday both members of the firm of Green & Hill, now ranking among tbe leading contractors on the Union Pacific Railroad. From them we gather the following facts: Their present contracts, comprising all the heavy rock work west of Tunnel No. 2 to the commencement of Brigham Young's old contract at the head of Echo, will be completed about the 10th of March. Tunnel No. 2, just east of their work, will admit the iron about the middle of March, and the grading east of the tunnel to the main line at Wasatch will be done certainly by the 1st of April. Meantime, the pioneer engine is making its way slowly through Weber Canyon. It is now below Morgan City, and by the middle of next week will pass through Devil's Gate, and soon after out into Ogden Valley. Green & Hill are just completing with their lower camp in this valley their work at the mouth of the Weber, which gives to the company a finished grade line to Ogden City. Comparatively little unfinished work now remains to be done by the contractors until the Promontory is reached. Supplies of iron and ties have been accumulated at Wasatch, Echo City and points west on the road, so that it is now hoped no further interruption will occur in the continual progress of laying the rail until this great work is achieved.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, February 21, 1869.                                      No. ?

NO MAILS. -- It is now about a week since we have received any mails from the East, and five days since we have received any from the West beyond the Sierras. In the Sierra Mountains snow-slides have occurred, which have destroyed a considerable portion of the shedding protecting the track, thereby causing an indefinite delay, and, judging from the great damage done to the road, we may not receive a mail for several days yet. In the Black Hills the railroad has to contend with huge drifts of snow, which blockades the road entirely. The companies on both roads are, no doubt, employing all the skill, energy and strength they possess to open communication and keep it open.

We had the pleasure of a call yesterday from Robert Black, conductor on the Union Pacific Railroad; O. S. Clapp, foreman for Carmichael's outfit; and Lieutenant Firman, an attache of the road. They tell us the iron horse will certainly be at Ogden by the last of this week, which will be an occasion of great interest as the first scream of the locomotive on the Salt plains. The world is at our doors, to use an expression we have heard before, and we are soon to be in close contact with the East and West. Mormonism and civilization are entering upon their trial; let us hope it will be a peaceful one.

... [Connor City] ...already sharp-sighted men are locating on the even sections of land near there, although it occurs to me that they are a little fast, seeing that lands within twenty-five miles of the track on either side are withdrawn from market in the discretion of the Secretary of the Interior by the provisions of the Pacific Railroad Act.

Note: ...

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, February 23, 1869.                                      No. ?

The Mormon merchant prince, Mr. Wm. Jennings, has sold out his entire business of the "Eagle Emporium" to Zion's Mercantile Co-operative Swindling Concern -- ycleped "institution." This was the only Mormon merchant who refuscd to disgrace his building with the "bull's-eye." But he had to succumb. Mr. Jennings was the largest Mormon merchant in the city, and one that wielded considerable mercantile influence with the saints.

Professor W. S. Keyes, of Helena, Montana, called upon us yesterday. The Professor is traveling in the interests of science as well as for enjoyment, and as he is the leading mineralogist of Montana, our friends will find him posted on the rocks -- we don't mean money exactly, but as to where the raw material can be got for that very desirable article. As he will remain with us some days we hope every courtesy will be extended him, and all facilities in case he should want to investigate our mineral resources. By the way, couldn't our citisens hear from him in a public way on the subject of minerals? It would certainly be interesting, and, we think, profitable.

Note: The Helena Montana Post of March 5, 1869 published the following: "The publishers of the Salt Lake Reporter have commenced the issue of a weekly edition, containing all the matter that appears in the daily. It is decidedly anti-Mormon and strikes square from the shoulder at the vices and humbugs of the Mormon polygamic Theocracy. Yet, we have noticed with pleasure there is an under current of liberal sentiment even in its fiercest articles, and a freedom from personal malice toward the leaders of the church, while in no instance has there been assaults upon the masses. Mr. Beadle, the editor, is a gentleman of more than ordinary ability. The paper is a specimen of typographical neatness, and one of the most welcome of our exchanges as a fresh, spicy, newsy newspaper. The terms are $5 yearly; $3 for six months. We recommend the investment of greenbacks in the Reporter by those interested or acquainted in Utah."

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, February 24, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, February 25, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, February 26, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                        Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, February 27, 1869.                                         No. 3.


Brigham City, Feb. 21, 1869.          
Some of the squatters in the vicinity of the Bear river railroad crossing think that your head Quill rather sIighted them in making so short a visit in their neighborhood. To a disinterested eye that country offers more facilities for building up a metropolitan town in the Great Basin than any other. Already sharp-sighted men are locating on the even sections of land near there, although it occurs to me that they are a little fast, seeing that all lands within twenty-five miles of the track on either side are withdrawn from market in the discretion of the Secretary of the Interior by the provisions of the Pacific Railroad Act. Nevertheless, those who go on them in good faith now live there will doubtless get them, because they will be on the ground and have the prior right when the lands shall be again thrown open to settlers. The Booths, father and two sons, settled there now nearly two years, have valid claims, even as against the railroads, or either of them, but I think it doubtful if others have. At all events, such as would not be overborne by the right of the railroad cowpany, under the charter, to take such lands as they need along their route for depot and other buildings purposes.

It is supposed, through here, that the powers of the special commission to which two members have been added since Gen. Warren and Mr. Blinckensderfer went west, and which is expected in the neighborhood soon, are considerable, and that its recommendations will have more or less weight in fixing the place where the two tracks shall meet. For myself, I don't take too much stock in this idea, because Durant has come to be the almighty in respect of the Pacific railroad. Like Caesar, he comes and sees and conquers. I suspect that the Union Pacific will be accepted just as far west as Durant can get his engines over the track before they meet Stanford's. As to the talk about his road being botched up in places this side of Bryan, while it is going on, he will see that it is mended. Things are getting so now that force enough can be spared from construction to build the road over where and as fast as it may require it. By the time spring is fairly opened the Union Pacific will be as nearly a first-class road in all respects as reason would demand, perhaps quite as near, all things considered, the the Central Pacific

But while this is the case, and the probability of the Union Pacific being accepted, as far as Monument Point, as the Pacific railroad by the Government amounts almost to a certainty, there can be no harm in putting in a word or two in favor of Bear river crossing as the site of the great Gentile town of the valley. Firstly, then it is the nearest point on the line of the railroad to Montana, whose trade alone in its veriest infancy, would support a respectable town. In 1867 sixty steamers, carrying probably 1000 tons each, were dispatched from St. Louis to Montana via the Missouri river. The rates of insurance were nearly five (4.8) per cent. The navigation is very difficult and dangerous, as high as ten boats engafed in it having been lost in one season, cargoes and boats, a total loss. The last two or three years have been very favorable, yet boats could only reach Fort Benton, between the middle of April and July inclusive, A man building a quartz mill pays five time as much for a keg of nails the first of April as he does the first of May. Provided, as the statutes say, that navigation has opened meanwhile. A Montana merchant must get in his year's supplies in the spring, consequently only turn his money once a year. Which won't do at all, with a better way possible. So that the bulk of Montana freights will be carried by the Union Pacific Railroad and transferred to wagons somewhere in this valley, probably at the nearest point to Montana, until the Northern Pacific Railroad is built, for which I believe a charter has not yet been granted, has it? And if not the bulk ot Montana freights, still at least one-half of them, the piecing out of stocks, &c, amounting perhaps to 25,000 tons a year. I haven't room to expatiate on this point fully. Secondly, it is the nearest point to the northeastern settlements of Utah, counting now some 15,000 souls, and to go back an inch, it is connected with Montana by a more or less useful country, through which the overland coaches have always chosen to run, grazing and arable lands, minerals, salt, copper, gold, silver, &c. Thirdly, although I can't speak from the card on this point, it is probably as good a place for the divergence of the Oregon and Puget Sound branch of the Union Pacific, as any other, securing the Idaho trade as soon as it is built. It is twenty-five to forty feet above the level of Salt Lake, is at the foot of the grade running westward, and it is as pretty a plat of ground in itself as there is on top of earth. Fourthly, in Bear River Valley there are at least 400 square miles of the prettiest land. -- O, it does a farmer boy's eyes good to ride over it! We were all brought up on farms of course, and have an eye for beautty and richness in that respect. These lands are mostly unocupied. An acre planted in peach trees produces year after year, 800 bushels of choice fruit. Sixty bushels of wheat, without irrigation, has been averaged through a field of twenty-five acres. With deep plowing, wheat can be raised as above, four seasons out of five, without watering. If irrigation must be resorted to, there are the rapids in the river, fifteen or twenty miles above, from which an acquia can be cheaply excavated on both sides, watering all the land within sight, and a man can be seen on the valley five miles, the same having a fall of five to ten feet per mile, eastward and southward both. Fifthly, it is the only pure water, in any abundance, between the Wasatch and Humboldt mountains. The river, as high as the crossing, is on an average fifteen feet deep and two hundred feet wide, navigable for boats of light draught thence to Jordan bridge, within a mile of the temple in Salt Lake City. A man steps off the cars at Bear river on the steamer, makes a tour of Salt Lake and is landed in the Jerusalem of the Mormons. The trip overland has novelty enough without counting the strange people fixed in the Switzerland of America and their Dead Sea with its mystery and its mountain islands. All round it and at the base of latter bubble forth, in no inconsiderable volume, thermal springs, hot and cold, sulphur, soda, iron, salt, and I know not what other properties. Taking the magnificence of the scenery, the salubrity of the summer climate, and the medicinal properties of these springs, no doubt very valuable in many diseases, specially cutaneous, together with the Asiatic religious and social notions of the people belonging and appertaining, and Utah must be the great watering place of the world, and that at no distant day. To indulge in a little highfalutin, it is about a half a thousand miles from the head centres of Nevada, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado and Pahranagat. It is about equi-distant from Melbourne, Yeddo, Yokohama, Calcutta, Petersburg, Paris, London, &c. In view of the mingling of the European and Asiatic civilizations already commenced, and which seems to go on spite of all distaste on our part, why should not the world's exchange, seeing its travel is bound to be via this railroad, eleven days shorter than any other possible route, le located in this valley? And the streets of this prospective town one day swarm with all nations, races and peoples of the earth, to an extent exceeding that even of Broadway? That aside, there is no reason why a town at the point indicated should not be a first-class success. The eye of the country is upon it. It is to be hoped specially from a public and disinterested standpoint, that the Union Pacific Railroad company will take this view of it. They can certainly sell more lots, if that be their object, that way, than any other. It would join their force with the popular energies guided by unfailing instinct and a town would be the result, among whose trophies might be the successful and peaceful solution of the Mormon problem. With everything concentrated on one point, the popular energies, the influence and business of the railroad, the weight of the Government, a good town may be built. With these forces divided between three or four different points, a stupendous failure, a nothing, will be the result.

Note: The Reporter correspendent called "Observer" may have been Ovando J. Hollister. Compare his phraseology in the Brigham City letter to that of Hollister in his "Utah" article, published in the Chicago Daily Tribune of August 9, 1869.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, February 28, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, March 2, 1869.                                      No. ?

The experiments lately made with a view of determining the longitude of Salt Lake City are now nearly completed. Professor George W. Dean, Assistant in the United States Coast Survey, reached here the 8th of January, and selected Temple Block as the best site in the city for his purpose. Brigham Young gave much assistance to the enterprise by having an observatory put up and sending to the mouth of Weber canyon for two large blocks of hard red sandstone on which to mount the instruments. This stone is softer than granite for such a purpose, as the latter contracts and expands unequally, while the former is homogeneous and not liable to unequal expansion. The observatory is a neat little frame, ten by fifteen feet, with a slide roof over the center, and contains the following instruments: A transit telescope with a length of forty-six inches and an aperture of two and three-quarter inches. It was made by Troughton & Simms, London. The diaphragm, or field of view of the telescope upon which is seen the image of the star observed, is lined with twenty-five threads or "spider lines," arranged in groups of five each, looking somewhat like a page of very fine staves for sheet music. Standing at the telescope the operator can note the exact instant when the star makes the passage of each line, and by a single tap upon a break-circuit key, it is marked upon the register. The probable error in each, tap is about one-tenth of a second, sometimes too soon and sometimes too late, but with the twenty-five lines collated the mean result is nearly exactly right. Another instrument is an astronomical chronograph register, making a record upon paper rolled on a cylinder, to the hundredth part of a second, which can be read by means of a glass scale nicely divided. It simply translates time into space; it writes time on paper. There is also a zenith instrument for determining latitude, made by William Wurdemann, of Washington (D. C.), and costing $600. Also, Bond's spring governor chronograph, invented in 1850 for the Coast Survey; cost, $100 and astronomical clock and a telegraphic break-circuit chronometer. This is an arrangement to "break circuit" by telegraph, and thus take signals all along the line from San Francisco to Cambridge (Mass.) On Sunday, 28th ultimo, experiments were made by the Coast Survey for determining the time of transmission of clock signals, in a complex telegraphic circuit of 7,000 miles, between San Francisco and Cambridge. The object was to correct for loss of time in transmitting signals, and the experiment was a perfect success. It is decided that with No. 8, or common wire, the electricity passes at a rate varying from 20,000 to 25,000 miles a second! Thus it will pass from San Francisco to New York in about one seventh of a second. These arrangements reflect the highest credit on telegraph operations throughout the country, and show that their system is perfect, for without such scientific perfection it would be impossible to make the experiments. After getting all these observations recorded it will then require a year to reduce them, and at the end of that time the latitude and longitude of Salt Lake city will be determined with the utmost exactness. The approximate longitude of this city is now rated at seven hours, twenty-seven minutes and thirty-two seconds in time -- that is, one hundred and eleven degrees, fifty-three minutes and fifteen seconds in space, west from Greenwich.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, March 3, 1869.                                  No. ?


Perhaps the most ingenious, careful and complex scientific experiments to determine longitude, time of transmission of telegraph signals, by means of astronomical instruments and the telegraph combined, that have ever been made in the country have just been concluded in ascertaining the longitude of Salt Lake City. Brigham Young generously permitted the use of Temple Block and incurred considerable expense in erecting a temporary observatory therein for the use of the gentlemen connected with the coast survey, making the observations. At the Salt Lake, Cambridge and San Francisco observatories simultaneous observations were made with the most delicate instruments, the clocks in each being connected by an unbroken double circuit of 7,000 miles. It was ascertained that the electric current on the wire in use -- No. 8 passes at s rate of 20,000 to 25,000 miles per second, depending, we presume, upon the varying density of the atmosphere.The approximate longitude of the city is 7 hours, 27 minutes and 32 seconds time, or 111 degress, 53 minutes and 15 seconds in space, west of Greenwich, England. It will require a year to reduce the observations and determine it exactly. The observations were made during the very favorable weather about the 1st of March.

General Pat. E. Conner has returned to Salt Lake. He has invented and brought with him a condenser for his steamer -- the Kate Conner -- plying on Salt Lake. The lake water is too heavily impregnated with salt to be used for steam. The condensers consist of coils of copper pipe, located where the spray is thrown from the paddles; the steam is thereby condensed and is ready for another boil. This saves transportation of water and is believed to be practicable.

Note 1: The above reports may have actually been published in the Reporter of March 4th.

Note 2: On Feb. 20th the San Francisco Mining and Scientific Press published a report (evidently telegraphic) from Salt Lake City, which read: "We saw yesterday, in front of Wells, Fargo & Co.'s express office, a most ingenious and economical steam condenser, the invention, we believe, of General P. E. Connor, of Salt Lake, which is to be applied to a steamer he has lately had constructed on Great Salt Lake. The condenser consists of two coils of copper pipe which receive the escape steam from the cylinders, and are so placed as to be exposed to the spray from the paddle-wheels, and thus continuously producing a shower on the pipe, cooling it and condensing the steam, and thereby returning the water for use in the boiler. The water of Salt Lake is too strongly impregnated with saline matter to be used successfully for steam purposes, and therefore this contrivance, or invention, is found necessary to obviate the portage of fresh water and make the navigation of the lake practicable."

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, March 4, 1869.                                  No. ?

We learn from a friend, just from Ogden, that the track-layers on the Union Pacific Railroad will probably reach that place some time next Saturday. This marks an important point in their progress.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, March 5, 1869.                                      No. ?


We make a lengthy extract to-day from the Montana Post, which contains many good ideas on the Utah question, but shows in one or two points that the same several mistake prevails everywhere out of Utah. Why is it that the outside world will persist in saying that polygamy is the only great evil of Mormonism! Perhaps the other evils grow largely out of that, but there are a dozen such that equally demand reform. Mormonism was an unmitigated evil long before polygamy was instituted; the priests ruled the mass by fraud and imposture, while their fanaticism made them a constant danger to all their neighbors. Note but a few of these evils: Church tyranny is a constant menace and plague to all who have dealing with the people; their law is simply wrong reduced to a written system; their mode of voting and arranging Territorial Government is calculated to, and does, produce the worst species of political espionage, and their boasted liberty simply means liberty to think and vote as the Hierarchy dictate. As Captain Burton says of them -- "They are thus allowed the harmless privilege of voting without any danger from tbe evils that result from universal suffrage." Twice every year, in their Conference, Brigham Young is proposed and voted for as President of the Church but suppose any Mormon should dare to vote against him, he would be hustled out of the Tabernacle so quick it would cure him of heresy for the rest of his life, and if that life did not turn out to be rather short, he might consider himself in "big luck." Can any stretch of the imagination entitle this liberty or republicanism? Popular ignorance is fostered by the Hierarchy, because it is their best support; and as to disloyalty, it is scarcely denied. Hatred to the American people is avowed every day on the streets; it is meat and drink for them to prophesy evil to the country, and three-fourths of the common saints, if we may judge from their talk, believe that in the States every other man is a rogue and every woman a prostitute.
As to the social evils growing out of polygamy, incest for example, it is not even denied, it is rather advocated. "We bring down this charge fair and square to the Mormon papers and speakers and dare them to the proof. And to put the matter fairly in issue, we will not argue, but ask these questions:

1. Are there not many instances in this Territory where a man is married to the mother and one, two or three daughters?

2. Are there not several men here, each of whom is married to two or three sisters?

3. Did not one of the foremost men of the Church many a widow, and then get her oldest son sent on a mission and marry that son's wife while he was gone? His stepson's wife?

4. Did not a well known individual in this city marry his half-sister, with the consent of Brigham Young, and live with her as his wife several years

5. Has not Brigham Young openly justified such marriage in the pulpit, saving "the time might come when brothers would marry their own sisters in order to raise up a pure priesthood?"

6. Did he, or did he not, make substantially the same statement to Hepworth Dixon, as set forth in the latter's work on this country, adding, however, that he "kept that doctrine to himself just now -- it was too strong doctrine for the people?"

7. Have not men here married their daughters-in-law, directly contrary to God's word as laid down in Deuteronomy xxvii?

Has not the President of the "stake" at Brigham City two of his brother's daughters for wives ?
These are a few of the questions to be answered. If they are "slanderous" it will be easy to show it. If denied, we will proceed to offer some proofs.

Salt Lake City, Feb. 22, 1869.            
Editor Reporter -- It seems to me important to communicate to you a revelation just received by one of my Mormon friends. The man told me in all sincerity, that Joseph Smith appeared to him to a vision and declared, with emphatic words that Polygamy should be carried on henceforth and forever on the female side also; that is, that any Mormon woman can take or have sealed to her by the High Priest of the Latter-day Saints, as many husbands as she can support, &c. This new revelation seems to be on the principle that what is sauce for the gander is sauce for the goose, and, for my part, I believe it consistent with the Mormon religion. Why not a woman have a dozen husbands as well as a husband a dozen wives?
           Yours inquiringly,

The disgusting feature of the Mormon system is the utter want of charity. Let a man leave their church, or differ with them in doctrine, though he do so ever to honestly and conscientiously, he at once becomes a target for all the abuse a foul-mouthed priesthood can heap upon him, while every epithet a vile fancy can suggest is applied even to his wife and children. We would naturally think that woman's character would be spared in a Christian country, that a Church would at least keep a decent silence where it could not approve. But let any woman withdraw from their communion, or exercise her own God given judgment as to her faith and associations, and the hounds of the Hierarchy will leave no words unsaid to blast her reputation forever. No words in the English language are harsh enough to fitly characterize the meanness of such warfare as this; and yet it is just what is done in the case of every young Mormon lady who thinks for herself. In one case within our knowledge, a lady of unblemished life and purity, whose many virtues and excellencies are undoubted, has been pursued for years with this malignant slander, till half of the young Mormons of her former acquaintance are led to believe that she was ruined from the day she began to associate with the Gentiles. The Mormon teachers have it in their power to ruin the reputation and often to blast the prospects of almost any young woman brought up among them; and that they use this power cruelly, basely and unjustly is one of the darkest stains upon their social system.


"The combat thickens; on ye brave!" On Sunday evening last the Saints were not a little startled at the command from the Bishop of the First Ward to supply themselves with arms. The Bishop said: "The President is anxious that every man should have a firearm of some kind, and plenty of ammunition. And he wants you to take out new naturalization papers at once! Them old ones you took out with Pat Lynch wasn't according to law, and, ain't no account. Go right off and get good ones at once." What's in the wind, now? Do "the brothering" purpose to shoot "civilization," or are they all to be sworn in as "special police?" Do they think of fortifying Echo Canyon again? Or are they going to march on Premontory? Oh, we have it now; they are to be enrolled to swell the ranks of nominal soldiers in the great "Indian war," announced in such flaming despatches a few days ago. A thousand soldiers (on paper) give a better showing to ask an appropriation from Congress, than the six first announced. But they are to have "votin' papers," too. Is it to out-vote the Indians or the Gentiles? Or is it so they can take up land near the railroad? It is good thing to be an American citizen sometimes. We learn that there has been quite a raid on the gun stores; old Camp Douglas muskets are suddenly in great demand, and a dozen that we know of have been sold for twice what they were offered at last week. Verily this groweth amusing. The Saints are of "Beecher's opinion when he advised the Eastern emigrants to Kansas "to take Sharp's rifles and a good supply of Schiedam Schnapps." With ''Valley Tan" and condemned muskets they will do great execution -- backwards if not in front. As great perhaps as the Mormon bey in 1857, in Echo Canyon, who shot his companion through the head to see if his gun would "carry to the top of the rock." When "Zion" is supplied with muskets, let the ungodly tremble.

Note: The exact dates and full contents of the above Reporter items have not yet been determined. Most of them are copied from reprints published in the Philadelphia Daily Evening Bulletin of Mar. 15, 1869.

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, March 6, 1869.                                      No. ?

ACCIDENTLY SHOT HlMSELF. -- Yesterday afternoon about three o'clock, Mr. Beadle, editor of the Reporter, Professor Reyes and two other gentlemen started from this office to witness the game of base ball being played on the Arsenal grounds. While the game was in progress several gentlemen, accompanied by Mr. Beadle, proceeded a short distance from the players to practice in the more amusing pastime, (?) that of practising with their revolvers. Mr. Beadle recently purchased a new weapon, the trigger of which was very hard to pull back and in trying to cock it his thumb slipped and the pistol went off, the ball taking effect in the cap of the right knee, shattering it to some extent. He sank back upon the ground, pulled out his pocket knife and with a fortitude but seldom equalled, cut out the ball. Although the wound is a little painful, it is not serious, and in a week or so he will be able to get around again. Dr. Fowler is attending the patient and the Reporter will be edited as usual.

Note: J. H. Beadle's criticism of Mormon incest (see the Reporter of March 5th) would eventually cost him far more than a flesh wound from a discharged pistol. In both cases he seems to have been demonstrating a new degree of temerity, shortly before the Reporter's move to Corinne.

Vol. I.                                        Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, March 6, 1869.                                         No. 4.


The present position of affairs among the Saints shows a complete change of front since last Summer. Those travelers who have visisted Brigham's dominions in the last few years, especially during the mutual-flattery period of last Summer, have generally come to one conclusion. After sketching the evils of polygamy, superstition and the one-man power, particularly of the first, they have come naturally to the question: What is to be the cure of these evils? And the answer has been uniform; social and civil measures will suffice; when the railroad reaches there, Salt Lake Valley will become commercially and politically important, and outsiders will pour in by thousands. Bowles, Colfax, Bross, Richardson, Dixon and many others have united in the opinion that with these new associations the bonds of superstition would be weakened, and with thousands of young men in the country, the young women would refuse to put up with the fraction of a husband. The Mormons quietly smiled at these predictions and when they spoke of the matter at all, expressed themselves as eager for the civil trial, which they claimed would result in the triumph of their institutions. It has been a favorite theme with them to talk about their "persecutions" and the "lies told about them," and to maintain that when outsiders could come here easily, men of intelligence would see that these statements were slanderous, would see how quiet and industrious "this people" were, and they would become the most popular on earth. This pleasing delusion seemed to continue in full force till about the last of September, when with the suddenness of a mountain freshet all of these fair views seemed buried under suspicion and hatred. The frosts of early Autumn seemed to effect saintly hope as disastrously as it did the fair flowers of Summer; and all at once it was discovered that irretrievable ruin would fall upon them if they bought of, traded with or in any way countenanced or encouraged a Gentile. After protesting a thousand times that they were not a particle afraid, they have shown by their actions that they are very much afraid, indeed, that they fully believe in the opinions of those visitors spoken of above, and would most gladly keep out the Gentiles and drive out those that are here. Whether Gentile settlement and propinquity would have the effect anticipated or not, it is evident the Mormons think it would, and are very desirous to prevent it. They will probably succeed in keeping most of the Gentiles out of this city, but it is certain they will multiply twenty fold in the valley; and whether they will do any less harm or be any better friends for this treatment we leave to the "brethren" who have the gifts of "divination and tongues." But we would like to comfort the Saints in one respect. We do not think the railroad will of itself have such a marvelous effect, not very soon at any rate. That opinion grows out of the great misinderstanding everywhere out of Utah, that polygamy is the great evil of which we suffer. The simple fact is the Gentiles living in Utah are but very little troubled by polygamy in and of itself. Go into the street and ask at random of every Gentile you meet, and we venture you will hardly find one in ten who can specify in what point it touches him. It is that the Territory is ruled by a Church, that we are subjected to the espionage of Church spies, that our business is interfered with and our lives and safety threatened by Church officials, that our friends and fellow countrymen have been murdered by ecclesiastical cutthroats, that a swarm of religious fanatics stand ready to do the same act for us, and that we are subjected in all departments to the tyranny of an unopposed majority, and that majority controlled by half a dozen men. This is what grinds the feelings of American citizens; not polygamy. Square up these old accounts and give us a republican government for the future, and we suspect that half the Gentiles would be willing to leave polygamy to take care of itself, without any law. We would trust that to "social forces" for a few years. Nor need the Saints think these claims severe. Nor should they dread the civil and social trial. They advance but two points in support of polygamy:

      1st. It is the will of the Lord.
      2d. The women are in favor of it.

Now if either of these propositions be true, polygamy is certain to triumph. A mollion Gentile settlers would not hinder it. If both be true it would triumph just as certainly in the center of New York as in Utah. But the Saints, we are told, are a people of "elastic virtues," and we very much suspect they are really afraid to face the social trial.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, March 7, 1869.                                      No. ?

This [100 pound silver brick from White Pine], to our knowledge, is the largest specimen of silver brick ever exhibited in the city, and, we think, a display of a few more of the same kind would have a salutary effect upon those who impose every obstacle within their reach to prevent the development of our mines.

Billings, a clerk in the Post Office, informs us that Postmaster Street received a dispatch last evening from Wasatch that twenty-five tons of mail matter would arrive there this morning. As extra coaches have already been sent to Wasatch by Wells, Fargo & Co., it will not lie I there, but will be brought to this city without delay, and will no doubt arrive to-morrow.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, March 9, 1869.                                      No. ?

AMUSING. -- The services at Bishop Woolley's meeting house, Sunday evening last were highly entertaining. Besides the singing, preaching and prayer, there was a side lecture delivered by one of the teachers to three of the "gurls" who had a decided inclination to giggle and look "sweet," and cast "sheep's eyes "at the "fellers" in close proximity to them. One of the said "fellers" (of Gentile proclivities) was so intoxicated by the melting glances, as to forget he was in a house of "worship," and affectionately placed his arm on the shoulder of one of the said damsels. The teacher, who had finished his side lecture, rebuked the young man for his little act of indescretion, by taking him by the ear and stretching that organ as though it was a very elastic piece of rubber. The lookers on greeted the ear-pulling with an audible smile, the young man subsided with a meekness that showed he was truly repentant for what he had done. It is almost needless to say that the performance closed with hearty applause.

DEPARTED. -- Prof. W. S. Keyes, of Montana, who has been sojourning for about two weeks in "Zion," in consequence of the blockade east of us, has left us yesterday morning for the East. During his short stay among us he has warmed the hearts of many into friendship. His attention to Mr. Beadle during his stay, and almost constant presence with him, is sincerely and gratefully appreciated. We wish him an agreeable passage to his journey's end.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, March 10, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, March 11, 1869.                                       No. ?

Aaron Stein, Esq., our ever genial and pleasant friend of Wells, Fargo & Co.'s office in this city left us Tuesday morning for the East. May the 'car of progress' roll him safely and speedily into 'America' beyond the mountains. While we do not wish to deprive him the pleasure of a prolonged stay with his friends, we trust to see him back in 'Zion' before the warm breath of spring fans the verdure of the fields

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, March 12, 1869.                                       No. ?

The town laid out by the U. P. R. R. seven miles from Ogden, is to be named "Bonneville." The name in honor of Colonel Bonneville, of the Army (now on the retired list) who, during a leave of absence, came to this country in 1827, surveyed the Great Salt Lake and made the first map that was ever published of the Great Basin. Irving's "Adventures in the Rocky Mountains" was gotten up entirely from Bonneville's notes. The lake was first called Lake Bonneville, which title it properly owns to-day.

Note: The above article may have actually been published on March 11th.

Vol. I.                                        Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, March 13, 1869.                                         No. 5.


We have occasionally alluded in these columns to the fact that Eastern people, and especially Congress, did not realize the worst phases of what they call the "Mormon question." The universal opinion seems to be that polygamy is the only evil that demands immediate remedy, in fact the only point that properly concerns the government. Perhaps in a moral point of view they may be right, but practically there are half a dozen matters of much more importance to the Gentiles in Utah; and many of these things are within the reach of national legislation. In the first place it is a notorious fact that the wntire Territorial organization is made subservient to the interests of the Church. A hundred clauses could be pointed out in the laws of Utah, which are manifestly intended to give an unfair and illegal advantage against Gentiles, apostates or non-residents. In Utah alone, among all the States and Territories, the Probate or County Judges have greater jurisdiction than the District Judges, and the reason is obvious. These judges are simply officers of the Mormon Church, chosen because they are such officers, and in the remote settlements their power is practically unlimited. In the Southern counties a Gentile or an apostate stands as little chance of getting justice as an alien in an enemy's country. But a short time ago one of these Bishop judges sentenced a young man to the penitentiary for ten years on a trumped up charge of rape, on evidence that would have been laughed out of Court in any other community; and when the accused was by Habeas Corpus brought before a District Judge here, his accusors acknowledged they could prove nothing certain against him. We gave a few days ago the particulars of a case where such gross injustice was done to Mr. Majors, a Californian, that the Governor was obliged to interfere with pardon. Such cases have been common. Whether guilty or innocent, when accused, we must be tried by our enemies; American citizens, we are judged by foreigners, often unnaturalized, and our cases tried by Bishops who have both a social and religious interest in finding us guilty. Another crying evil is the fact that numerous heavy grants of unsurveyed government land have been given by the Territorial Legislature, to Brigham Young and others, till it is next to impossible to find wood or water privileges in the most remote sections which are not claimed by some Church dignitary. It is exceedingly doubtful if these grants are legal, and yet the Hierarchy tell us plainly that they will murder any man who attempts to contest their claim. To say nothing of the exactions to which Gentiles are exposed in business, the excessive taxes laid upon them in the shape of licenses and the abominable system of spying to which they are subjected; there are many smaller evils which could be remedied by proper action. It would be better for both parties to have these things attended to. A number of new towns are springing up in the Territory, and according to the established custom in Utah these towns ought to have a local government of their own. To suppose that a thriving Gentile rown, of one, two or three thousand inhabitants, is to be governed like a farming district, and that by the Magistrate and Elder who rules the nearest Mormon settlement, is unjust and absurd. These are a few of the present evils. The crimes of the past should be punished and equal rights secured for the future. Give us these and we are not afraid but time will settle the polygamous question. As Gentile residents that affects us very little, though some think it very unjust that Mormons should be allowed so much greater privileges than other men. One wife is plenty for us, especially with the fearful consequences of too much marrying before our eyes every day. Indeed if the Mormons should come out squarely with this proposition: "You Gentiles can be tried by a Gentile Judge, have a jury of your own brethren, have a local government in your towns, in suits between you and us have the jury half and half and be unrestricted in your trade, only let us keep polygamy" -- we are not quite sure but a majority of Gentiles would consent to it.

THE SEVIER GOLD MINES. -- We were recently shown a piece of rock from the gold mines at the head of the Sevier River in the southern part of this Territory. The rock was very rich and filled with small particles of gold. These mines have been discovered now for over a year, but the knowledge of their existence has been kept carefully concealed from "outsiders" by the Mormon authorities in that section of the country. The mines lie in the Beaver mountains, about the headwaters of the Sevier River, and one hundred miles from the town of Salt Creek.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, March 14?, 1869.                                       No. ?

"Twenty of Brigham Young's wives, including Miss Folsom, Brigham's latest fancy, have arrived at Council Bluffs, all bound for Washington." So says the telegrams. It is doubtless a canard. If true, Brigham has some axe to grind, probably to petition woman suffrage or the repeal of the polygamy law. Congress has "scored" him; now he returns the score. Our Legislators will not "Hear the Lion in the lobby roar" -- but the flutter of dove's wings. Query: Will our wise legislators toady them as the Philadelphia highflyers did the wife of Brigham, jr. a year or so ago?

Brigham Young has fixed the legal length of Mormon ladies' dresses. They may extend to the top of their shoes.

The town laid out by the U. P. R. R. seven miles from Ogden, is to be named "Bonneville." The name in honor of Colonel Bonneville, of the Army (now on the retired list) who, during a leave of absence, came to this country in 1827, surveyed the Great Salt Lake and made the first map that was ever published of the Great Basin. Irving's "Adventures in the Rocky Mountains" was gotten up entirely from Bonneville's notes. The lake was first called Lake Bonneville, which title ir properly owns to-day.

Note: The exact date and full content of these Reporter extracts have not yet been verified. They are taken from reprints in the Montana Post of Mar. 26, 1869.

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, March 16, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, March 17, 1869.                                  No. ?

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, March 18, 1869.                                      No. ?


We have been favoured with a printed copy of the constitution and by-laws of "Zion's Co-operative Mercantile Institution," the grand scheme which is to render the people of Utah independent of the world and the rest of mankind. The instrument is more democratic in character than would have been thought probable, as it places the election of all officers in the hands of the stockholders, "each stockholder having one vote, and only one for each and every share awned by him." These elections of course will be be like those half-yearly at the Tabernacle "by counsel," so the people will have the harmless privilege of voting for the men chosen by the hierarchy.
Section 8, defining the powers and duties of the Board of Directors, says: -- "They shall have full power to bargain, sell, convey, and deliver under seal or otherwise any and all species of property belonging to this institution," &c. This is granting a power equally illegal, for the body is not a corporation, nothing but a partnership or joint stock association, which has no legal right to empower its representatives to convey "under seal." This section was probably framed with a view to the Incorporating Bill, vetoed by Governor Higgins. The kernel of the whole matter, however, is found in the following: --
"Section-20. -- No person or persons shall be eligible for-membership, except they be of good moral character, and have paid their tithing according to the rules of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.

"Section 21. -- The directors of this institution shall tithe its net profits prior to any declaration of dividend, according to the rules of the Church mentioned in the preceding section."
By the operation of these two sections that is certainly the "neatest dodge" for getting at the cash of the Saints that has yet been executed. Any man taking the stock must first pay his individual tithing, then the net profits of his share are tithed before his dividend is allowed him, and finally, when he comes to make out his individual account with the Tithing office, he must enumerate his co-operative stock with his other property, and be tithed upon the increase of it all! Thus most of the stockholders' shares will pay-double tithing, and some of them treble. But it's alI for salvation, and the speculation, the up-hill canal, the "wall of Zion," and so many other fruitless shemes, will probably be succeeded in a year or two by some other scheme still more fanciful and absurd. Most of the money embarked in it by the poor will probably be lost, but experience, though a dear school, seems to be the only one some folks will learn in.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, March 19?, 1869.                                      No. ?

General P. E. Connor's little steamer "Kate Connor," is towing ties on Salt Lake. She towed 800 to Monument Point recently, and the General proposes to come up Bear River to Corinne to-day.

We were much pleased at a farewell visit last evening from General Warren, one of the Government Commissioners who examined the Pacific Railroads recently.

Mr. Sloan, City Editor of the Deseret News, got on a pardonable lark in Salt Lake City one night recently, was reprimanded or expelled by Brigham and has decamped for parts unknown leaving three grass widows to mourn his untimely departure. We regret to hear this, as we are indebted to "Bro. Sloan" for much courtesy, and esteemed him one of the best and most intelligent of our erring friends in Saintdom.

Note: The date of these items has not yet been verified -- they may have appeared in the Reporter of March 18th. If Edward L. Sloan was indeed "expelled by Brigham," that disfellowshiping did not last for long. He was present at the May 10, 1869 driving of golden spike ceremony, representing the Deseret News. On June 5, 1870, Sloan and a partner (then elders in the Mormon Church) established the Salt Lake Herald, which became one of the Reporter's journalistic rivals in Utah Territory. In a subsequent news item, the Reporter editor wrote: "We have been informed that the family of E. L. Sloan, former "Local" of the Deseret News, and would be personator of Brigham, has received a letter from him written at Chicago. He informs his three 'wives'' that they must now look out for themselves; that he can do nothing for them in the future, and that it he can take care of himself he will be lucky. Thus ends the Utah career of a polygamist." -- See the weekly Reporter of March 27th for follow-up reporting.

Vol. I.                                        Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, March 20, 1869.                                         No. 6.


Corinne, Utah, March 15, 1869.           


The child is born, and her name, as you see, is Corinne. Gen. Williams was given permission to name the town at the crossing of Bear River, North, as the Saints call it, and he has christened it after one of his daughters, Corinne. Whatever may be thought of the name, it has escaped the all but inevitable "city" attachment under which most new towns in the west suffer during their infancy. Corinne is euphoneous, new, short enough and long enough, pretty, grand, and not without pleasant associations in itself for people acquainted with modern French literature, it being the name of one Madame de Stael's most fascinating books. So much for the name, and there's something in a name, W. Shakspeare to the contrary notwithstanding


Of course, I wouldn't continue writing to you of this point, and of matters and things therewith connected, if I thought there was any possible chance of Corinne proving one of the mushroom towns of the last season. There are now about thirty canvas houses temporarily set up near the west ferry landing, and each of them represents from five to ten men, not to mention the women. And all of them, as well as the pilgrims passing through, agree that it is the best point on the Pacific Railroad for a town -- the best between Omaha and Sacramento.


It is on the railroad, and not on a stem. It is not only as nearly central as any other point on the railroad for Utah, but it is central as regards Nevada, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Colorado, and the northern parts of New Mexico and Arizona. In short, it is the natural centre of the Rocky Mountains for a thousand miles square, or a million square miles, full of all kinds of pastoral, agricultural, manufacturing and mineral wealth, especially the last. It is on the only navigable stream between the Missouri and Sacramento rivers, which are eighteen hundred miles asunder, as Gov. Gilpin would say. It is on the only good water in any abundance between the Wasatch and Humbold Mountains. It is on the only considerably timbered stream in the Rocky Mountains -- Bear River being four hundrend miles long and well timbered three-fourths of the entire length. Not less than 500,000 railroad ties and 5,000,000 feet of lumber will be rafted down Bear River to this point the coming Spring. From this crossing there is but little doubt but that boats of light draught might run through Bear River, Salt Lake and Jordan River, to Lake Utah, a distance north and south in the heart of Utah from 200 to 300 miles. Perhaps some dredging would be necessary at two or three points, but it would not amount to much, and no locks would be needed, as the current in both the Bear and Jordan is very sluggish, comparatively.


The Bear River valley, below and above, and in Malad Valley and Round Valley above, there are at least 250,000 acres of as good land as there is in the world, enjoying as fine a climate, equal to the production of 60 bushels of wheat, or 800 bushels of peaches to the acre; covered with bunch grass almost heavy enough to mow, and at least the lower and larger moiety of it subject to water at a comparatively light expense. Twenty miles above occur rapids in Bear River, the stream there falling sixty feet in a mile: and that is the place to take out an acequia carrying 20,000 to 50,000 inches, or any desired amount of water, the river itself averaging three fathoms in depth and thirty in width. Such an acequia might be constructed for, at the outside of $2,000 a mile, mostly in the labor of those to be benefitted by it, owners of land along its course. To get at it, I suppose the better way would be to apply to the County Court, as the Mormons do.


Nearly all this land is unoccupied, the government or even numbered sections within twenty miles of the railroad on either side, and all the sections beyond or outside of that line being subject to pre-emption under the act of September 4th, 1841, the same having been subdivided by government survey, and quarter sections, and the survey approved in 1856. Recently a Register and Receiver have been appointed and a land office opened in Salt Lake City. I understand the plats of 200 townships of the aforesaid survey have been turned over by the Surveyor General of the Territory to the land office. That survey shows twelve townships, or 506,880 acres of agricultural land, naturally tributary to this point, of which at least one-half is first-class. Beside this, are settlements in Cache Valley and beyond, containing a population, it is said, of 15,000 souls -- there are 250,000 acres of available land in Cache Valley by the survey -- and a wide belt of country to the northwest, which furnishes the best pasturage in the world. Then it is the nearest point on the railroad to Montana and Idaho, for which countries this place might become the source of supply. And finally, the mountains in sight in every direction are full of gold and silver, lead and copper ore, and the prospect is extraordinarily favorable for building up the Queen City of West right here.


Capt. O'Neill has been laying out the town on the crossing west of the river, on section 31, north of the track, and on the north half of section 6, the former in township 10 north, the latter in township 9 north of range 2 west, of the Salt Lake meridian. Thirty-one is railroad land by the provisions of the charter, the north half of section six is government land, but the parties claiming it under the pre-emption law have been brought out by the Railroad Company. The survey will be finished in three or four days more at the furthestm and, it is to be hoped, lots immediately thereafter offered for sale.


People are coming in pretty fast, and from the character of a part of the railroad followers there is no living where a few of them are gathered together without law and authority of some kind, and it is desirable that we should be something besides temporary squatters before a town or city government is organized. Only last night some one in liquor was shooting at random among the tents, ending by shooting an innocent man through the hops. Word was sent this morning to the Sheriff of the county at Brigham City, but what will come of it is uncertain.


Steadily progresses. Hyndman & Westbrook have just finished a heavy fill here on both sides of the river, and the pile driving and framing of the bridge has begun. The track is understood to be at the Hot Spring north of Ogden. It has gone through the townsite located five or six miles this side of Ogden and still no lots in it are offered for sale. Perhaps it is because no one wants lots there and the company have wit enough to see and recognize it. Perhaps it is because Brigham has prevailed upon them to make their town at Ogden, which is the place for it on many accounts. If the latter should prove to be the case, it would force the Gentiles to this point. Because, if


I hear that Brigham and the Saints in this "Stake of Zion" have been somewhat slack in that they have not before aquatted on all the land in the region. And further, that when the lots in Corinne are offered for sale -- it is understood that they are to be well advertised and sold at auction -- the Saints will be on hand and if they don't get a foothold in the new town in that way make the Gentiles pay for it. But I'm inclined to think this mere talk. Brigham is shrewd in business whatever he may be in religion or priestcraft, and it is too late to attempt the expulsion of white men from Utah. Let the Mormons make as big a town as they can of Ogden and keep away from Corinne. Then there will be no trouble.


Mr. Reed tarried here a night or two ago with Mr. Burgess, one of the company engineers. He seemed uncommonly free from crare and talked lightly on any topic that happened to be started, something of late quite unusual with him. On inquiry I learned the cause of his good spirits. He is pretty sure of completing 530 miles of railroad between the middle of April 1868 and the same of 1869, a feat entirely unprecedented. He is out of the canyon and has no further serious difficulty, the salt plains not proving so bad as has been anticipated. There is heavy work yet for forty or fifty days on the eastern slope of the Promontory range, but there are a thousand men on it, and aoon will be two thousand. Mr. Reed may well be proud of his year's work, indeed of his entire part in the greatest mechanical or physical enterprise outside of war, of modern times.


Honored Corinne with a night's residence last week, Gen. Warren stopping with Mr. Burgess of the U. P. R. R., and Col. Williamson, perhaps the most distinguished engineer of the country, with Mr. Meredith, of the C. P. R. R.


We are told that the blockade of the U. P. has been raised and all is serene and lovely. My own opinion is, that it is not raised to any practical intent or purpose, and that it may not be before the first or middle of May. At any rate we have had no Eastern mails here yet. And the U. P. have not enough track iron this side of the mountains to build further than Malad City at present.


You see how I put it up, and I think so all the time notwithstanding a good deal of opposition, it is that the chances in favor of the two roads meeting in this vicinity, somewhere east of the Promontory range at all events. Neither does it look likely to me that either will run by the other if the other can prevent it; and that the Government will recognize each as far as it can get its engines forward before it meets those of the other, as the road, would appear as certain as that it ever granted them a charter at all,   to a disinterested

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                        Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, March 27, 1869.                                         No. 7.


The Telegraph of Tuesday evening is "after" the editor of this paper, not exactly "with a sharp stick" but with a decidedly "nasty quill." All this for our presuming to offer an opinion on the "Mormon question." He accuses us, after the usual style, of wanting to bring an army here when nothing would be "safe from its presence, from female chastity to the fruits of the orchard and garden." A question right here: Why is it that the moment soldiers are hinted at the Mormons fly into a passion about "female chastity," and talk as though their women would be subject to violation by the soldiers? Is there a single case on record where a Mormon woman has been violated by a soldier? We believe not; certainly we have never heard of it. But the priests must have something with which to influence the minds of their poor deluded followers against the nation's uniform, and this slander will do as well as any other if the people know no better. In such a case "a lie well stuck to is as good as the truth." But the Telegraph man is excited because we support General Connor for Governor of Utah. Well, at one time we might have been indignant at such remarks, but as we are in a fair way to have our wish about the Governorsip, we feel too good natured to quarrel; and we will insist that we are really a better friend to "this people" than many who advocate a different policy, perhaps better than the editor of the Telegraph. We maintain that it is for the best interest of all parties to have a firm and decided administration. Let us not argue, but take a bit of history for a lesson. When the Mormons were in Hancock County, Illinois, during the year 1845, they "lived a life of sturt and strive." Every man's hand was against them and not only riots but singular skirmishes, amounting almost to pitched battles, took place. Considerable blood was shed, lives were lost, the exasperation of both parties was raised to the highest pitch and it finally became necessary to call out the militia to preserve the peace. We do not here take the responsibility of deciding on which party the greatest blame rested. We come at once to the question: What was it best to do in such a case? Would it not have been much better if the Governor of Illinois had been a man of "military firmness," a man who would have "stretched his power a little" and resolutely put down all violent proceedings, no matter which side inaugurated them. We do not say such things will occur here, we might be called "sensational" if we so prophesied, but every man must see that there is at least a possibility of trouble. If it never comes, so much the better; but why not be on the safe side? If the Mormons mean no harm, a few soldiers will not hurt them. As to military government we have never advocated it. All we want is our rights; they granted, we will go as far as any man in insisting that the Mormons shall have theirs. Nay, we will go farther than other opponents of Mormonism, and advocate none but civil and peaceful measures with polygamy. We are free to say that polygamy don't hurt us, no more than prostitution, though we consider them noth abominations. They will send the man to hell who practices them, but we are not constrained to go with them. We would rather argue with the Mormons than fight them any day; but to do so we want all our civil rights, and ample protection here for American citizens, and particularly do we want Gentile Courts and Judges and not Mormon Bishops to judge American citizens.

HEARD FROM. -- We have been informed that the family of E. L. Sloan, former "Local" of the Deseret News, and would be personator of Brigham, has received a letter from him written at Chicago. He informs his three 'wives'' that they must now look out for themselves; that he can do nothing for them in the future, and that it he can take care of himself he will be lucky. Thus ends the Utah career of a polygamist. What his end will eventually be we may perhaps conjecture, but cannot tell. The "celestial exaltation" which he sought in polygamy may yet be found by him upon the gallows, and like Mahomet's coffin he may find a resting place between the "celestial" and "terrestial" heavens. In the meantime three disconsolate grass widows, if not mourning his loss, are at least thrown upon their own resources or the tender mercies of the Mormon church. How tender those mercies are and have been, hundreds of widows in this Territory can testify to.

AT HIS OLD TRICKS. -- We have been informed that Brigham Young has determined to take the new residence in the 17th ward, now occupied by George Q. Cannon, and fit it up in splendid and luxurious style for the purpose of offering the use of it to President Grant, Vice President Colfax, and suite, during their expected visit to Utah this summer. It has been announced that President Grant, Colfax and others will make a trip to California as soon as the trans-continental railroads are completed, and, of course, Brigham will invite them to this city, turn them loose in the strawberry patches, feed them well, with plenty of cigars thrown in, and pull the wool over their eyes generally. Perhaps his plan may be somewhat modified if Grant should in the meantime appoint Gen. Connor Governor of Utah. Who can tell what a day may bring forth?

BAGNIO. -- HE HAS A REVELATION to "SLOPE." -- Several days ago, Elder E. L. Sloan, local editor of the Deseret Evening News, who is the fortunate possessor of three "wives," and high in the confidence of the Mormon leaders, not finding attraction enough in his domestic circle, where six bright (?) eyes and three loving hearts live upon his smile, concluded a little "civilization," about which he has had so much to say lately, would do him no harm, and accordingly administered spiritual comfort unto, or into, himself. Of an unselfish disposition, he could not think of taking a solitary drink. While in search of a companion, he "ran across" a bold "sojer boy," known as the Major, renowned for his joviality and polished make up. The twain made a
"Rare compound of oddity, frolic and fun.
Who relished a joke, and rejouced in a pun."
They grasped hands, swore eternal friendship, and both exclaimed at once, "Let's take a drink." After copious drinks the "Local" became romantic, proposed to the Major a walk to behold
"Ye stars that are the poetry of heaven! So together they wended their way down Main Street, singing
"We are both jolly boys, you bet, you bet.
And we live in the vale of Deseret-ret-ret-ret."
The night winds wafted the song to disturb slumberers' ears, who pronounce it, especially the "ret" part, fully as musical as the song sung by feline combatants. A short distance below Second Southstreet, the singers stopped, the song ceased, and after a short consultation they decided to call on some of "the girls" domiciled in the second story of a building in that vicinity. Up a narrow flight of stairs they groped their way to the door of the punks and rapped:

Frail one from within -- "Who is there?"

Major -- "The Police."

Local Editor -- "And Brigham Young."

Frail one -- "I know better; you can't come in; so stop that rockin' at the door."

A few vigorous kicks, a push, and the door flew open, and the pair of worthies stalked into the room. Seizing the female who had retired, by the leg, they assisted her to arise, quickly if not gracefully.

While she was donning her gowns, the following dialogue ensued:

Frail one -- "If you don't leave my room this minute, I'll call the police."

Major -- "Why, my dear, I am the Chief of Police; and my friend here is Brigham Young."

Female -- "I won't believe it until I see your commission."

Major -- "I forgot to bring it with me, but I can prove it to you. (Turning to the Local Editor) Brigham, Aren't I Chief of Police?"

Local Editor -- "Hic; yes, I can swear to it."

Before any reply was made by the frail one, the light was extinguished and -- the reader must divine the rest.

On the following day, "Bro." Sloan was summoned to appear before Brigham. Whether he went or not, we cannot say, but we do know that he has disappeared from the city. Some say he has gone east, that he is on the railroad, keeping restaurant, while still others give another version.

The leaders of the Church, as in duty bound, state that Sloan got drunk, accompanied the Major to Camp Douglas, where he insulted some of the soldiers, who took him to the guard house, shaved his head and face as smooth as a peeled onion and then turned him loose. That he was so ashamed of the convict appearance he presented that he "sloped," leaving three disconsolate "wives" to mourn his absence, and the News to scrape up the locals on "civilization," crime in the neighboring Territories, etc., as best it could.

Later we learn, by private source, that Sloan was seen at Rawling's Springs, a few days since, placing distance between himself and Zion, as rapidly as possible. This is authentic. The Mormon story about him getting his head shaved, is without foundation.

News and Telegraph please copy the above as information for the "brethren."


We are highly gratified to learn that the Gentiles and the Railroad Company are agreed at last; there is to be one metropolis and its name is Corinne -- site, the west bank of Bear River, a few miles from the head of the Lake and where the head of navigation will be when the Railroad bridge, or bridges, is (or are) completed. Adjutant House, empowered by the Company to make the decision, has decided in favor of Corinne, and there the Company and the citizens wil concentrate their energies. It is every way worthy of this preference. A hundred thousand acres of the finest farming land extend back of the city to the foot hills, and for several miles up the river. The town plat is some fifteen feet above high water mark, with a dry and healthy location and opening for good roads in all directions. Bear River from the north and the Lake from the south afford ample facilities for bringing lumber to the city, and the whole region can be irrigated in a short time at a moderate expense. More than one-third, perhaps one-half, of the merchant capital of Salt Lake City, and three-fourths of the brains and energy will be transported thither at once, while the oldest and most successful firms that have so long followed the fortunes of the U. P. R. R. are already locating and preparing to build. If the present move in Congress results in the preemptory fixing of a point where the two Companies shall meet, it is reasonably certain that point will be Corinnewhile the Central Pacific persists in its announced intention of continuing to Ogden, it will of necessity have a bridge and switch at the former point. Withcommendable foresight the fitst inhabitants of the new town have provided for law and order by establishing a complete city government and the choice of officers in whom we can confide for the protection of our civil rights. Some have thought it a necessity that all new railroad towns should pass through a reason of disorder, violence and crime; it is too often the case bit there is no need for it. Start right; choose men we trust, then let them have the support of the citizens, let the law be enforced from the start and we will never need Vigilance Committees. If the new town should prove as another "cave of Adullam" to the discontented of "Deseret," let them be received as other citizens, on their merits, and be given every chance to prove their value to the new commonwealth. Let strict justice be done between Saint and Gentile, asking nothing but our rights and content with nothing less. A;; hail the future Corinne! And for ourselves we say in the language of the Apostle: "O, ye Corinnethians, our mouth is open unto you, our heart is enlarged. Now, for a recompense in the same, be ye also enlarged. Our flesh hath no rest till we come unto thee. Grace be with you all. Amen."


Among the curious facts in chemistry it is noted that two bodies, simple and innoxious when separate, will often produce an explosion when united. This same fact may be noticed sometimes among bodies of men. The difference is, such explosion is an absolute necessity, the result of a law, with the chemical elements, but with men it is generally the result of their own foolishness or want of charity. There is no reason whatever why the most devout Catholic and the most radical Protestant should not live together in social harmony by simply "agreeing to disagree" in their religious views; and men of intelligence generally do so agree when thrown together. The question is often asked just now: Can equal numbers of Mormons and Gentiles live together in the same community? Many, and some of both parties, seem to think they cannot; but we fail to see any valid or necessary reason for such a conclusion. Some Mormons of our acquaintance insist that Gentile neighbors would be an annoyance because "they would vote against this people." But in every precinct in the States men of opposite parties live beside each other, get along quite comfortably, are the best of neighbors and friends, go peaceably to the polls together and vote directly opposite tickets. There is seldom any trouble from that source. Another party advances the idea that trouble would arise because the two parties were of different pursuits. But that is the very reason they should agree. Suppose there were 10,000 Mormons and 10,000 Gentiles in this city, that the former were generally farmers and the latter generally merchants. artizans, artists and professional men, they would mutually supply each others wants and should be natural allies. Nor can it be difference of religion alone, for in other communities Methodists, Baptists, Quakers and all other sects live in good fellowship side by side and "persecution" for religion is unheard of. It will be thought of course that polygamy would give rise to trouble; but we very much doubt whether the Gentile citizens of Utah would seriously trouble themselves about polygamy, or adopt any strong measures against it. But right here is the point; with extensive Gentile settlement strong measures would be quite unnecessary. With free social intercourse with the outside world, polygamy would soon be as dead as Julius Caesar. Legal measures would be entirely superfluous. It is not in the nature of woman to submit to social and domestic slavery when perfectly free to reject them. There may be, as a Mormon polemical writer tells us, a hundred and fifty reasons in favor of polygamy; but there is one reason against it which outweighs them all: It is against the nature of woman, not of the worst but of the best women. Once let this country be filled by enterprising young men from the outside world and polygamy dies a natural death -- simply for want of material to feed on. The priesthood see this, hence their desperate efforts to prevent their people from mingling with the Gentiles. The reasons they assign are mere bosh, utterly without foundation. There are other reasons too. Association with intelligent Gentiles tends inevitably to make the youthful "Saint" restive under priestly domination. Working side by side with a Gentile, for the same pay, his reason will prompt him to ask why he should surrender one tenth of his pay to the Bishop, while the Gentile lays out the same in some added comfort for his family. In short this question is with the priesthood merely one of power: "their craft is in danger." Gentile neighbors set a bad example of whole hearted domestic love and religious freedom. These are the true reasons why the priests dread Gentile settlers.


In view of the late Congressional action in regard to Utah, and the universal disgust with which it is regarded here, some fair minded man may ask: What do the Gentiles of Utah want? We want a Governor of firmness and decision -- a man who will not hesitate to accept a responsibility when it comes, and will stretch his power a little, if actually necessary, for the protection of an American citizen. We want a Governor who will declare his right to command the Territorial Militia, and exercise it, instead of walking in the ranks behind Brigham Young and "Lieutenant Generak," "Hon." Daniel H. Wells, as has been done on two or three disgraceful occasions. We want a man of military firmness, who knows his rights, and is not to be wheedled by Mormon flattery, frightened by their threats or trapped by their allurements. And a man, too, who understands the question and its necessities, and is not too old or too weak to act on that knowledge -- who is at the same time sufficiently popular to unite the Gentile sentiment and well known by the Mormons. Such a man can be found. We want Federal Judges who are at the head of their profession, instead of those who were several years ago chosen on the old rule: "Anything is good enough for Utah." And when we have those judges we want the Enabling Act so amended that, when accused of crime, we will be tried before them and not before Mormon bishops and elders sitting as County Judges. All are alike interested in the impartial enforcement of the law; the purest man in the country is liable to be accused of crime, and is interested in keeping the channels of justice pure. We have no confidence whatever in Mormon Courts or Mormon Judges; we believe that where their Church interests are concerned they will be governed solely by them and not by the law. We may be wrong in this judgment; if we are, no harm will be done by having our affairs adjusted before Federal Judges, while much may be sone by the other course. We want to be on the safe side. We want matters so arranged that these Federal Judges will be protected and supported in their decisions, that Courts and witnesses may be as untrammeled in Utah as in Washington. We do not mean by this that we want an army here; we do not think one necessary. So our friends at the Tabernacle need not tell their congregation that we propose to "have soldiers come here to cut their throats." We want justice for their sake as well as ours. The time has come when some points of the "Mormon question" can not well be evaded. It is just as important for Mormons to have them settled as it is for Gentiles. The clashing elements are fast pouring into this valley. The new railroad towns will not be the most quiet places in the world; it is more than probable they will for a time be the favored resort of some of the worst men in the country. They will commit outrages on Mormons and lay it to the Gentiles and vice versa. Nine-tenths of the Mormons are so bigoted that they persist in considering all Gentiles alike and regard the crime of one as the crime of all. Hundreds of Gentiles are no more reasonable in regard to the Mormons, and fail to see any distinction between the guilty few and the innocent but deluded many; hence it will be in the power of a few men to create a great deal of trouble. Shall we have Federal officials who will see clearly and act promptly and impartially, or those who will merely dilly-dally and let matters work out their own solution. Perhaps no trouble would result from such a "masterly inactivity;" we can not certainly prophesy that there will, but judging the future by the past, it takes no prophet to see that there is at least a possibility of the scenes of Missouri and Illinois may be re-enacted. It is the interest of all parties to have peace. Firm hands and clear heads are needed to repress disorder and do justice to all parties. Give us these and no division of Utah will be necessary. With rapid settlement and with social and moral forces we will trust other matters to settle themselves.


Judging from the conversation of the Mormons we meet, there is certainly no other place in America where what might be called retrograde ideas prevail so extensively as here. Nine-tenths of the Saints seem to have taken up one common wail about everything outside of Utah. Whether it is to pursuade themselves that they are really far better than other men, or to console themselves with the thought that their condition is superior to mankind in general, it certainly seems to be their meat and drink to denigrate the character of the rest of the world. The take up the wailing jeremiad that there is so much more crime in the country than formerly; that people generally are so much more dishonest; that there are so few virtuous women; that the country is rapidly going to decay; that religion has lost its power; that all the political action is wrong; that slavery ought never to have been abolished, and that nothing ought to have been done that has been done for the last twenty-five years. We would gladly pour the balm of concolation into the hearts of such people, but we fear it would be useless to argue with them. We can only recommend them to hunt up the facts, to study statistics, and they will be agreeably surprised to learn that there was just as much evil and trouble, as much sorrow, suffering and crime twenty or a hundred years ago as now. They may be surprised to learn that man for man there was a larger percentage of Washington's cotemporaries who turned traitor than of Lincoln's. Solomon says: "Seek not to enquire, or ask why the former days were better than these; such knowledge is too high for thee." We would recommend this advice to the Saints. Or if they desire information of a later time we would respectfully refer them to the criminal records of Adams, Pike and Hancock Counties, Illinois, from the year 1840 to that of 1846. They will learn therefrom that gross crimes are not altogether confined to the present day.


This was an exclamation forced from patient Job under circumstances of the most extreme aggravation. He had stood everything evil that can fall upon mortals and preserved his temper; the death of his children, the loss of his property, the unfaithfulness of his wife and his bodily affliction he had patiently endured, but when his own friends slandered him, he appealed to his enemy. He desired him to write a book, feeling sure that he could prove nothing against him. If our enemies were half as fair minded as those of Job, we would echo his wish; but as it is we must protest against the course pursued by the Telegraph and News. Every little peccadillo of the "transients" or outside visitors is seized upon and magnified clear out of truthful proportions, while not a line is seen in regard to the little sins of the Saints against law. But a few days ago we gave a plain, impartial account of a little emeute involving both Saint and Gentile, but we have looked in vain for any allusion to the matter in the Mormon papers, though it must have been known to both of them long before it was to us. We want to hear both sides of all local occurrences, we have endeavored to do exact justice to all, to "Naught extenuate -- and set down naught in malice." And we repeat, as we have said before, if injustice is inadvertently done to any Mormon, these columns are open to him to reply. But we protesr against this counterfeit morality which conceals a vice and then swears it does not exist. Is it not a sort of falsehood to [not?] tell all the truth? Has any newspaper a moral right to attack the sins of one sect and keep silent about those of another? We have a right to demand of the Telegraph and News that they stop this sort of falsehood by implication; that they cease to publish personal direlictions at all, or else give both sides and all the facts.


Washington City, March 3, 1869.         
      Editor Resporter. We wrote you mainly of our trip here, and now we are at a loss what not to write. You will hear of all of general interest, of the inaugural and the Cabinet, before this is read.

Inauguration week in Washington is the great occasion. Every four years the wealth, beauty and dignity of the nation assemble to do honor to the coming man. Inauguration day comes in our political history like the Olympic games in the Greeks. This week, particularly, the crowd is immense. The city is full. Every hotel and boarding house is crowded. The streets and all public places are thronged. The hotel lobbies, places of amusement, and every gallery, hall and corridor of the Capitol are jammed with a restless, moving mass of human beings, seeking the consummation of ambitious hopes or prompted by a controlling curiosity. All classes and grades of society, and almost every nation and kindred of people are represented, while of office-seekers there is such a wonderful supply and quaint variety, that one may repeat appropriately the old nursery rhyme --
Hark, hark! hear the dogs bark,
    The beggars are coming to town:
Some in rags and some in jags,
    And some in velvet gowns.
But the city does not lack the presence of greatness. If one wishes to feel the insignificance of one unknown man in this world, let him come to Washington now. The great and the good are here -- the bravest and fairest -- the best in every walk of life. If the stranger is a soldier, lawyer, doctor or preacher, he will find the best representative here, while the printer is doubly honored by the distinguished representatives of the press, and by him who after fourteen years of honored service in the House, to-morrow becomes Vice President. See to what a feast of reason the Capitol is treated. Last Sunday we listened to sermons by Bishop Simpson, W. Morley Punshon, and Dr. Eddy. This is in one church in one day. Then we have lectures by Murdock, on "Lincoln," by Gen. Kilpatrick on the "March to the Sea," and Punshon on "Daniel in Babylon." The best artists in the land play upon the boards of the threatres, or in concert halls, and day and night the great contest of intellect, eloquence and cunning goes on in Congress.

Admiral Farragut, and Generals Sherman, Sheridan, Thomas, Hancock, and others, add dignity by their presence. We were present at the last inauguration of President Lincoln, but in the number of the people and the dignity of the visitors, this promises to excell it by far.

Last evening occurred the last public reception given by Andrew Johnson. It was the occasion of a general rush of all classes for all purposes. It was seized upon by the Confederate sympathizers as their last effort, and their dressing and display were gorgeous accordingly. The crows, however, went to see and gratify their curiosity. The jam was fearful, and the affair, in consequence, unpleasant.

All day the trains are arriving every hour from New York, and this will continue during the night. Some of these trains are called a quarter of a mile long by the excited wonder-seekers. We hear of cases where from two to five dollars are paid on them to purchase a seat for a lady from some more lucky occupant. This evening the "bands of harps and trumpets" are serenading the distinguished gentlemen, who are responding from hotel balconies to crowded streets. Men totally unacquainted with the city have just arrived, and sleepy, weary and hungry, are struggling to find comfort, or stealing a nap as they sit on some hotel sofa. Pickpockets ply their trade, and gay courtezans flaunt their gaudy dresses and bawdy smiles. So is Washington filled, and every citizen, old and young, black and white, is striving in a thousand ways to coin all the profit possible.   W. H. B.

Note: The final item above (the correspondence from Washington, D.C.) is a letter composed by J. H. Beadle's elder brother, William H. Beadle, a government appointee to the position of Territorial Surveyor in the Dakotas. William evidently wrote a number of letters to the Reporter in Utah.

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, April 1, 1869.                                      No. 120.


As Pomeroy and Julian are supposed to have some influence in Congress, it may be that we shall yet have female voters in Utah in spite of ourselves. We can hardly agree with our Mormon cotemporaries that Utah will be a first rate place to try the experiment. We would rather see male voting a practicality in Utah before extending the suffrage. If we were disposed to be jocular we would say no suffrage is necessary, the Utah women have suffered enough. We have so far, like ninty-nine men out of a hundred, rather avoided the question of woman suffrage, but it is fast becoming impossible to remain non-committal. Several hundred of the smartest and most energetic women in the States have taken up the agitation of the question, and it is really astonishing how they are keeping it up. All the machinery of conventions, petitions, speeches and memorials has been put into operation, and the fair agitators, led by Anne Dickinson, Cady Stanton, Susan Anthony, Mrs. G. F. Train and many others, seemed determined to move immediately on our works. It will soon be necessary for us to have an opinion, either pro or con, and, as we confess our present uncertainty, we call upon the Sorosis, the Revolution, Dickinson, Train & Co., for light. We demand that they appear and show us cause why we should yield them the franchise. And to put the matter fairly in issue we propound these questions:

1. As women now have ten times as much social influence as men; if they get equal political influence, will they not have altogether more than their share of power?

2. Is suffrage a legal right, or is it a privilege, which the State may grant or withhold as she thinks most in accord with public policy?

3. Are women "degraded" because men do the voting for them? And if so, are not men degraded because women rule the social world, make all its laws and manage its government for them?

4. Should all who are taxed be for that cause allowed to vote? If so, should they not be allowed to vote in proportion to the tax paid?

5. Would voting revolutionize the social or business status of woman? If so, would they gain or lose by the change?

6. Are we not already "governed too much" by women?

We want some answers to these questions, and to some more we shall propound, before we advocate either side. Meanwhile we will only say: Whenever a majority of the women want to vote they will certainly obtain the privilege; and this by very obvious means. If our mother asked us to vote for enfranchising women, we would certainly do so. We presume most married men would equally grant as much to their wives. The agitators have only to convince their own sex and the victory is won.

THE CENSUS. -- We see by Eastern papers that preparations are already being made for taking the census of 1870, and the Commissioner specially requests "information from all parts of the country, with hints and suggestions as to the best method of arriving at the true result, &c." We venture to give a few "suggestions" in regard to Utah. In the first place we think quite an improvement could be made on the old Mormon style of counting all who had ever lived in a district, whether "on a mission, gone to California, or in some cases to a hotter country. The occasional practice of considering a mother in futuro as a mother in esse -- when there is a prospect of increase count her as two -- might be improved on in the next census of Utah. A committee of old women might be called, and from her age and health determine her probable family during life, and count that. We could also suggest that "thirty-eight incorporated cities" does not necessarily imply that each city has inhabitants to the number 5000 or more. The Mormon leaders have been "great" on magnifying their population; it has been their trump card. According to their own showing they had ample population for a State in 1850, and since then they have left no art untried to magnify their numbers. Last year, we remember, it was trumpeted through all the public journals that the Mormon immogration would be 20,000! The arrival of every company was heralded abroad and described in glowing language till many people seemed to think half of England and Scandinavia were on their way to Utah. The simple truth is, after all their efforts, the immigration of 1868 was a little in excess of 3000! As to their home census, it has got to be a joke, even among themselves. They They enumerate those "present or accounted for;" anticipate the cradle and rob the grave. It is barely possible, though we have serious doubts of it, that the Mormon population of Utah amounts to a 100,000; if so, Brigham is the "1" and all the others the 00,000. For all practical purpodrd there is but "1" in Utah: the people do not invite Grant and his Cabinet to Utah, Brigham does it; the people do not own a few millions in the Bank of Emgland, Brigham owns them; the people decide no moves of public policy, Brigham arranges their policy for them. The people are cyphers. We suggest therefore to the census Commissioner, that for Utah he puts down a full faced 1.

A CONTRAST. -- A short time ago a man was lodged in jail at Ogden, charged with rape. The proof of violence was, to say the least, very uncertain; reliable parties inform us there was no satisfactory proof at all. In due time the woman's husband arrived; the prisoner was, for the first time, allowed to leave the jail, ostensibly to bring water. The husband from a convenient ambush, shot him twice, the Sheriff refused or neglected to bring a doctor or dress his wounds, inflamation set in and he was literally to death. Not quite as bad perhaps as the worst form of Indian torture, still something quite unusual in Christian communities. Nothing particular is said or done, the murdered prisoner is a Gentile and his case is pre-judged. A short time ago one Caldwell, of this city, a brother Mormon in good standing, debauched his servent girl under circumstances of extreme atrocity. No violence was charged, but the moral guilt was the same, for the girl was but little more than half-witted, and certainly incapable of taking care of herself. His guilt is fully proved, indeed is not denied, and our worthy Mormon Judge very cooly states in open Court that he "would rather have Caldwell out of the country than all the fines he could pay!" Whereupon his bail is very kindly put at the low sum of $300, and a brother of Brigham Young signs the bond! No "wounded honor" this time, no "outraged virtue," no "blood atonement," no lying in wait, no assassination. Arrangements are very quietly made for "Brother" Caldwell to quietly leave the country; his sin has cost him very little, while scandal and trouble are prevented. Such is justice in Utah! A pretext is wanted for assassination: it is found in the action of a lewd woman; a "Saint" is convicted of the same crime, but policy does not require his death. Meanwhile Bill Hooper continues to garnish the pages of the Congressional Globe with remarks on "the patriotism and justice" of "this people," and load the palms of corrupt Congressmen with the gold of Mormon tithing.

SHOOTING AFFAIR AT SOUTH PASS CITY. -- An evening paper has the following: On the evening of March 19th, Frank Zerner, commonly known as Vinegar, was killed by Samuel Fairfield. It appears that they had some little difficulty last summer about an araste Zerner had hired of Fairfield. Fairfield sued him a few days ago for its use. As soon as the Sheriff had served the papers on Zerner he swore he would kill Fairfield. He at once armed himself and went to Fairfield's cabin, drew his pistol and snapped it twice. Fairfield drew his knife and stabbed Zerner three times. Zerner started and ran, when Fairfield fetched his Henry rifle and shot him in the back. He died the next morning and was buried on the 21st.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, April 2, 1869.                                      No. 121.


On next Thursday will occur the great semi-annual Conference of the "Latter-day Saints." It will no doubt be a great occasion for the "brethren,' as many important matters will be considered. But thousands who are interested will find it impossible to be present and for their enlightenment we give an outline of what will be said and done. Experience in the past and "revelation" for the future enables us to determine this with tolerable certainty; as any man who has heard a dozen Mormon sermons can tell from the circumstances about what the next one will consist of. It is not probable any new move will be inaugurated this time, as "co-operation" is not yet played out and will suffice to amuse the people for perhaps another year. After the usual opening ceremonies the choir will sing a hymn, composed for the occasion by the "Salt Lake Poetess," containing abundant references to "our Prophet Brigham Young" and the "Peace of Deseret." "President" George A. Smith will then make a lengthy speech on the "history and persecutions of the Saints." We are glad to hear he has improved it somewhat since we last heard it. Again he will tell, in glowing but ungrammatical English, how the bold pioneers "stuck their spades into the soil of Jackson County, Missourii," and were invited to leave by their neighbors; how they established the printing press at Independence, which taught abolition sentiments and was therefore torn down; how the "Saints" labored at Nauvoo and were drawn away from their homes. He will probably forget to state that they practiced polygamy there though denying it in all their papers and sermons, and afterwards came out and contradicted their own denials. Again will the "Mormon battalion" be mustered, enrolled and sent on its long march to California. But he will omit to state that Brigham Young received $20,000 from the Government, which he pocketed for his private "bonus." Again will it be told how the soldier "Saints" made adobies in New Mexico and dug wells and discovered gold in California, till the face of the genial George will glow with pious complacency. Perhaps he will tell us also how the astute Sam Brannan received $60,000 from Brigham, to expend for the "Saints" in California, and most unaccountably neglected to return himself or the money either.

After Smith, John Taylor will give a short sketch of the "Mormon war," and after testifying to "this people's loyality and devotion to the country," will prove it by boasting how "the brave Mormon boys kept Johnston's army shivering on the plains of Bridger through a dreary winter." He will close by a reference to the "persecution of the "Saints." "Lieutenant General" D. H. Wells an "apostle of peace" by means of sword and gun, will then make a few remarks on "persecution." He will be followed by Brigham Young on "persecution" and "no trade with our enemies." The "presidents of the stakes" will then give their experience; their sermons will be varied by occasional remarks on "persecution." Orson Hyde will then preach on "apostasy, lying and false prophecy," with some personal allusions to the Missouri "persecution." Brigham will then indulge in a few fervent maledictions against the "d___d mobocrats." A vote will then be taken "to sustain the Presidency," which will be unanimous of course; or if any vote "nay,' they will be at once "cut off and delivered over" --- See report of the trial of Sidney Rigdon. After a fervent prayer, "Elder" Geo. Q. Cannon will recite the history of the Nauvoo Expositor, and follow with some appropriate remarks on the Salt Lake REPORTER, after which the assembly will very appropriately adjourn. Having thus given our distant readers as good an idea of the Conference as they could have by attending it, we are happy to have saved them any further attention to the matter.

A PRACTICAL SUBJECT. -- Travelers have often spoken of the singularly practical character of Mormon sermons; we have often heard them preach on the best method of building fences, digging ditches, making adobies and the like. We venture to suggest to Brigham that one subject has been neglected: butter making has certainly never been preached upon. The last sold in the city was rated at $1.50; and its rank was in full proportion to its price. We ventured to tackle some of it while in a rather invalid condition ourselves; it fairly reared up and squared off at us. It blistered our throat; it would have killed rats. And it was the best to be had. Yesterday none could be got at any price; probably the dealers had neglected to lock it up and it had walked out of town. In Montana at the present time butter is quoted at 40 and 50 cents! "Zion's privileges" have been abridged. The Mormon women need instruction on butter making. We shall expect a practical sermon thereon at an early day.

HOW THEY WOULD MANAGE. -- The dastardly putrage perpetrated upon a young lady by a policeman at Ogden, shows how the Mormon authorities would manage affairs if Julian's bill, permitting the women of Utah to vote, should be passed by Congress. Such outrages, instred of being limited to two or three a week, would then be counted by dozens every day, and the vote of Utah women would be as effectively controled by cajolery, flattery and force, as that of the men now is by fears of brutal midnight assassination if they do not vote as Brigham dictates. The great secret of Utah affairs lies in this: that the Mormon authorities where they cannot control through the fanaticism of men, will control through their fears and those fears are well founded from the fact that obnoxious persons have been assassinated.

OFF FOR CORINNE. -- E. P. Johnson, Esq., a well known lawyer of this city, leaves us this morning for Corinne, where he will settle himself and practise his profession. Mr. Johnson has been identified with the leading lawyers of this city for the past few years, and has rendered able and efficient services to those who have been involved in trouble and secured his aid. Mr. Johnson has been appointed Deputy United States Attorney for Corinne by Major O. H. Hepstead, the United States Attorney of Utah. The appointment is a good one, and we do not hesitate to say he will strive with all his energy and ability to assist in suppressing violence and lawlessness at the new town.

OFFICIAL PAPER. -- Hamilton Fish, the new Secretary of State, has designated the REPORTER, as the official newspaper of Utah for Uncle Sam. We publish this morning the late treaty between the United States and Shoshonee and Bannack Indians.

FOR ECHO. -- Mr. Henry Harding, of the U. P. R. R., departs this morning for Echo City. Mr. Harding has been engaged in making profiles and maps of the road and has finished his work here. He goes to Echo to resume his duties.

CORRUPTION. -- We have received information in reference to one of the Federal officers in this Territory, which, if true, shows one of the most rascally attempts to defraud the Government that we have ever heard of. We have a person engaged in obtaining information upon the subject, and will give the facts as soon as they can be fully obtained and substantiated.

THAT "WASN'T DELIVERED" SERMON. -- The Deseret News still continues to publish Hooper's bogus speech to the exclusion even of Brigham's sermons, which are about equally interesting. If the Mormons swallow all that Hooper says about them, they can hardly expect well informed persons, who are not prejudiced for or against, to do the same.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, April 3, 1869.                                      No. 122.


Corinne, Utah, March 31, 1869.          
Your compositors or proof readers make me to write very indifferent English sometimes, state some things that aren't so, concoct names for gentlemen their own mothers wouldn't know them by, and if I ever do by mistake say a good thing, the reader loses the point for the reason that it is left out. Nevertheless and in spite of the sticky storm of to-day the sound of the saw and hammer is never out of one's ears in Corinne. Already some ten or fifteen buildings have gone up on Montana street. So also have the lots, 25 to 50 per cent., Mr. House raising thm in one locality from $250 to $400, out of his good heart I suppose, for the Company. Gen. Williamson sold about four thousand dollars' worth last Saturday and five thousand to-day. Captain O Neill has been directed by Mr. Reed to locate and let the grading for a switch, and to-day the Captain's party were to have commenced the survey of an acequia to bring Bear River out on the valley and the town site, but the storm prevented it. The siding east of the river, ordered three or four weeks ago for construction purposes, has been abandoned. A column of smoke way down toward the Lake, which if one would have it so, seemed to move, was watched an hour or so yesterday with a good deal of solicitude under the impression that it was Connor's steamer. But it wasn't. The cars came in sight however, during the afternoon of yesterday, the whistle of the locomotive could be heard, and after dark the eye of civilization on wheels gleamed brightly through the surrounding gloom. The bridge across the river and the piling beyond eastward, were both completed to-day and ties were laid on them.

The track entered the valley about the first of March, it will cross Bear River about the first of April. Then it will be quickly laid to the eastern base of the Promontory, say eighteen miles, where it is pretty certain to be detained till C. P. also arrives. Perhaps each will run on by the other, but I don't believe it. The law evidently contemplates that they shall join tracks, so that there shall be one continuous rail from Omaha to San Francisco, and that the cars and passengers of each shall pass over the other at the established rates. What kind of sense would there be in the people building a railroad across the continent and then being made to transfer themselves and all their freight and business from one train of cars to another in the middle of it? It won't do. It seems to me that the tracks of the rival roads will meet at the eastern base of Promontory and stop there, and there will be no transfer of freight or passengers at the point of such meeting. If additional legislation is needed to secure this, it ought not to be wanting. I don't believe it will be. At all events it is now tolerably certain that the ends of the two roads will be within twenty miles west of Corinne. There is no country in that distance worth naming in the same day with that of which Corinne is the head center. So that, if there must be great railroad buildings at the ends of the roads, some compromise is more than likely to be effected whereby they will be located at Corinne.

But this will have little to do with the future of the town. That depends on the citizens. "God made the country, man the town," is an axiom old as Pope, at least. Good men, enterprising, enthusiastic, with some money and more determination than there is in the whole world, are what is wanted to make Corinne, as well as Chicago or Sacramento. Mere speculators won't do except as a curse. Men must put up good buildings, construcet bridges, open roads, build churches and school-houses, excavate irrigating acequias, fence and improve the land in town and out, sow and plant, stick, stay, work and live; adopt the country and the town as their own, blow for it, work for it, fight for it, spend their money for it, fill it with goods of all kinds, advertise the same, send men into every mining camp within a radius of 500 miles to sell them, sell them, go ahead do it again, keep doing it, and the town is made. It can't help itself.

Corinne is the key to the vast and rich country northward of it. It lies directly in the gate of the only natural outlet of that region. It may do most of its trade, if it will. The government is sure to patronize it as far as it legitimately can, because it is the only point on earth where Christianity can be brought into actual contact with Mormonism and make itself felt. The Government as at present constituted, I think, I may safely say, is friendly to the whites; also to Christianity. Corinne is bound to be favored by the Government as soon as she becomes a fixed fact for the reasons aforesaid. It will be the military and supply depot for all the north country and for Utah. It will have the distributing Postoffice, because it is centrally located. That will make it the headquarters of the overland stages, whence they will start in every direction. Because it is in a rich country, insignificant, possibly, compared with Illinois or Iowa, yet magnificent by the side of anything east or west for hundreds of miles, it will be a great supply point for the continental railroad. That wonder which cost one hundred millions, which isn't half built yet, which will require thirty-five millions a year when finished to operate and keep in repair, and which is bound to pay upwards of ten per cent, on the investment from the start. It will be a city of refuge for such Mormons as are still minded to be men and women. That is, if the Catholic spirit shall obtain there, which ought to, and which no doubt will. Thousands of discontented Mormons may be drawn to Corinne, if the right course be pursued.

Everything is encouraging. There is a great deal more naturally tributary to the point as a town than one has room for in a letter, or can think of at one setting. All that is wanted is for the settlers in the place to realize that it is the last place on the road, that it depends on them, and on nothing else under heaven to make it a fine town, that they have alighted and flown, alighted and flown, like a flock of geese, until they have arrived at the center of the world, and it is time to stop and make permanent nests. The railroad has shown pretty satisfactorily what the end of a division is worth at the end of North Platte and Rawling's Springs. It isn't worth fifteen cents a year all round to a town of 2500 souls. That's what's the matter. And the surest way to get the co-operation of the railroad is for the town to make itself powerful of its own motion. Let the Company see that the people of Salt Lake Valley and those who have been doing business along the road are of one mind, and ready to go their last stamp on the place, and they will see it to be their interest to join in. By the way, your friend Ping Chong has come and yesterday bought a lot, although he protested against the price.

The storm is over and it has cleared up again, to our inexpressible delight. When is the Reporter coming? Tell us that. Just whisper in the ear of

THE SALT SEA. -- In conversations with eastern visitors, and in eastern papers, we find there is a general error in regard to the component elements of the water of Great Salt Lake. Even Schuyler Colfax in his lecture "Across the Continent," states that "three gallons of the water reduced make one gallon of pure salt." We believe chemistry will decide this to be impossible, that water cannot hold so much salt in solution. The first analysis, made by Col. J. C. Fremont, only gives 26 per cent. of solid matter, which is composed as follows:
Chloride of Sodium, (common salt) 97.80
Chloride of Calcium, ......................00.61
Chloride of Magnesium...................00.24
Sulphate of Soda.............................00.23
Sulphate of Lime.............................01.12
          Total ..................................100.00
We believe, too, the water for this analysis was obtained from the northwest corner of the Lake, where, as well known, it is much more saline than in any other portion.

A little more than ten years afterwards, in 1858, when the surface of the Lake had already risen noticeably, a noted French chemist made an analysis which showed but 22 per cent. of solid matter. He bases his table on a hundred parts of the fluid, which are shown to contain:
Chloride of Sodium, ..................... 97.800
Sulphate of Soda............................00.230
Chloride of Magnesium...................00.240
Chloride of Calcium, ......................a trace
          Solid matter .........................22.282
Leaving of pure water ....................77.718
As the decimals are carried to the thousandths this is a little more exact than that of Fremont; but a remarkable difference is observable in the quantity of Sulphate of Soda assigned, which may be due to the fact that the fluid for the last analysis was obtained on the eastern border, or near the mouth of one of the rivers. it is evident the water has decreased considerably in density since 1858, as the surface of the Lake has risen nearly one foot a year since that time, and an Engineer of the Union Pacific, who is also an amateur chemist, gives it as his opinion that bear River Bay does not contain over 14 per cent. of salt. This is, however, the least saline arm of the Lake, and it is probable that the water of the extreme northwest and southwest corners will still give 18 or 20 per cent. of salt. Ten years ago one could easily ford the passage to Antelope Island during all the summer months and Bear River Bay was nothing more than a salt marsh; but now the former passage is never fordable and the Bay is everywhere navigable for General Connor's steamer, which has lately sailed over hundreds of acres near the mouth of Bear River, which were pasture land fifteen years ago, and still show the tracks of cattle and horses through the clear water! It is quite possible the Lake may again become fresh water, as it evidently was thousands of years ago, when the present site of Salt Lake City was one of the "bars" of the great inland sea, and its outlet was through the lowest pass in the "Rim of the Great Basin."

DON'T UNDERSTAND IT. -- An intelligent Mormon lad, in conversation with a friend of ours a few days ago, expressed himself thus:

"I've generally stood up to everything, but some things here lately I don't quote understand. Now, last summer we were all asked for donations, and had to give pretty big ones, to bring out the emigration. Then when they got to the end of the railroad, a whole lot of us was called 'on a mission' to turn out our teams and go bring 'em in. Then the Bishop told us we must give all we could to the emigration fund to pay their passage. I thought it was odd, and asked one of 'em why they couldn't pay their own fare? He said they nearly all had paid their own fare before they started. Then one of the railroad men told me that Brigham had got 'em all passed over the road for next to nothin' by agreein' to furnish so many laborers on the road. Then I thought it rather queer their passage money had to be collected three times and so little of it paid either!"

The case of this "Mormon boy" strikes us as one requiring attention. Who can give him the information he seeks?

Note: It appears likely that the correspondent "Observer" was none other than Ovando J. Hollister, who later assisted J. H. Beadle in the writing of his 1882 Polygamy: Or, The Mysteries and Crimes of Mormonism.

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Sunday, April 4, 1869.                                      No. 123.


It is a pleasure to speak of the good qualities of many of the Mormon people, in contrast to the petty meanness of their rulers, displayed in this city and elsewhere. The great majority of the Mormon people are converts from those classes in Great Britain and Scandinavia which have never known the benefits of popular education. The miners, farm laborers and in some places the mountaineers of those lands have been too often deprived even of religious education; with strong imaginations and little direction they naturally become the victims of a religious delusion which addresses itself to them as pre-eminently "the poor man's religion." The established Church of England is much to blame for these results; the poor are neglected, and superstition usurps the place of reason. But by their nationality and training these people are industrious; all their lives they have been accustomed to unremitting toil and at the same time to giving largely of their gains to the sustaining of Kings, priests and tithing officers. Hence they think it but natural and right to do so here; they have but exchanged one form of despotism for another; the American idea of an absolute political and religious freedom is one they have but a feeble conception of, and they are consequently not conscious of its loss. Hence their progress, such as it is; not nearly equal to that of the same races in other parts of America, but still worthy of praise. On the labors of such a people the Mormon Hierarchy have grown rich and powerful, and most cruelly have they used that wealth and power. They have never hesitated at any measure, however severe upon poor Mormons, if it was thought necessary in their policy against Gentiles; and while the virtues of this poorer class, their industry and frugality, were all that enabled the Hierarchy to stand for a moment, the latter have pursued such a policy as to make the people hostile to all the rest of the country. And in this course they find a powerful ally in the ignorance of the people. If their present schemes are successful, the Hierarchy take all the credit, if unsuccessful the people suffer all the loss. Suppose these late acts of petty tyranny do make enemies; they will be outsiders and will be enemies of the people; the Hierarchy are too high to be affected by them. A policy is steadily pursued which makes all their neighbors histile; and with this petty persecution against others the time will finally come when it will be unsafe for a Mormon to venture into an outside settlement. It will be very easy of course to say that this is due to "religious prejudice," but common sense will indicate that such a cause is inadequate. For the people there should be perfect safety everywhere, but there will not be without equal justice.


The Utah Question is destined to grow in importance with the rapid settlement of the country, this is destined to follow the completion of the Pacific Railroad. The social barbarism and Christian civilization can no more mingle without an explosion than nitro-glycerine and fire. The two systems are not only unalike, but utterly antagonistic. The Mormons hate monogamists and decent emigrants will not submit to have their sisters and daughters proselyted and carried off to Brigham Young's harems.

What to do with Mormonism is a puzzle that has already given no little trouble and we seem to be no nearer the solution then ever. It was once proposed to abolish polygamy by law, but that project was abandoned because the iniquity seemed like to flourish under persecution. Next came Mr. Ashley's suggestion to divide up Utah and parcel it out to the adjoining Territories, so as to bring the Saints under the control of the surrounding Gentiles. This plan has not been fully discussed in Congress, and seems to have been abandoned.

And now come certain visionaries and propose to get rid of polygamy by giving the women of Utah the right to vote, and two bills are now pending in Congress, one in each house, to carry this ridiculous scheme into effect. We hope and presume they will be promptly killed. We might as well attempt to suppress Ku-Kluxism in Dixie by extending the right of suffrage to southern women, or to christianize Japan by enfranchising the Japanese. It may seem strange, but it is doubtless true, that a large portion of the women in Utah are as much polygamists as their lords. And yet it is not strange in one aspect of the case. They have chosen their mode of life voluntarily, and we have no convincing reason to suppose they repent the choice they have made.

Be that as it may, they would have about as good an opportunity for a free expression of opinion at the ballot box as the negroes in the worst Ku Klux county in Georgia, and the expression would be about as valuable after it was made. The inevitable result would be a vote in favor of polygamy, and then it would stand virtually sanctioned by the government of the United States, as it would be voted under a law of the United States.

Whatever the true remedy may be, this certainly is not it. We are inclined to think that polygamy will melt away as the country settles up, and so the difficulty will be disposed of without much legislation. Polygamy cannot bear civilization and survive in its presence any better than any other barbarous enormity.

A good many people want the Capital of the United States removed to Nauvoo, Illinois. It must be confessed that a more beautiful site could not be found. But we protest against the capital being removed any nearer Chicago and the virtuous Northwest generally than at present. After the whisky rings, and other disreputable rings shall be cleaned out by the energic use of Chicago Turkish-Bath process, and politics shall become respectable, then, and not before, will Chicago point out where the capital ought to be, and, of course, will be. -- Chicago Post

DIVORCES. -- The Telegraph [has considerable to say about] divorces in Chicago and elsewhere, and considers Utah a paragon of virtue in that respect. It very carefully omits, however, to tell us how easy good looking women in Utah can get divorces from their husbands if they wish to be sealed to some favored elder, apostle or bishop derives from the sale of ecclesiastical divorces. The [statute] of Utah permits a divorce from the marriage bond for any or no particular cause, not even requiring notice to the opposite party. It is the easiest thing in the world to obtain a divorce in Utah if the applicant is in favor with the Church authorities. Hooper lies in Congress, and the ,i>Telegraph does the same out of Congress. So they keep up the game.

JUNCTION CITY. -- From a private letter from the above place we extract the following: "A few days ago Thomas Finnegan was shot by Jack Bresner and lived but three days. Bresner was justifiable, as Finnegan had abused him and threatened to kill him. Finnegan was a bad man and had few friends; his body was decently buried by the [sheriff], who contributed one hundred dollars to defray the funeral expenses. Bresner is still here. Mr. George Cockrell, Mayor of Junction city, resigned on the 30th inst., and W. T. [Rielly], Esq., was elected in his place. Our town is quite lively at present; five or six fights every day. Patsy Marley is acting Marshal of the town."

A WELL MERITED HONOR. -- Our telegrams bring us the pleasing intelligence that our fellow townsman, Hon. O. F. Strickland, has received the appointment of Associate Justice for the Territory of Utah. This is a well deserved appointment as far as it goes (he ought to be made Chief Justice) and we shall hail with pleasure the return of the Judge as one of our constitutional protectors and law expounders.

WHY DLAY? -- We see that the "great impeacher," Ashley, is made Governor of Montana; and Hon. H. D. Washburne of Indiana, Surveyor General. We were once a constituent of the last gentleman, and can heartily recommen him to the kindest offices of our Montana friends. Appointment as falling on every side; why don't we hear more about Utah? Is Grant waiting for developments?

CALLED. -- We received a call yesterday morning from Dr. J. B. Hurd, who left Brigham City on Friday morning. He reports continued life at Corinne, goods and lumber proceeding that way in large quantities daily. The track of the U. P. R. R. has made a stop of two days near Brigham City, about six or seven miles from Corinne, but will move on in a day or two. Bonneville is still in puris naturalibus; the city ordinances are evidently poorly enforced, for as the coach passed Friday morning, the cattle were roaming everywhere unchecked, through all the principal streets and parks, while the frogs were screaming in resonant chorus: "Ug, Corenne; Ugh, Coreenne!" They evidently contemplate emigrating at an early day. The Doctor found the roads still rather bad between Ogden and this city, the stage not reaching here till midnight.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, April 6, 1869.                                      No. 124.


Last Sabbath morn dawned clear and beautiful, and as the day passed on in charming beauty our Gentile friends were out in force to hail the the coming on of "gentle spring." But a change come o'er the spirit of their dream, a rude awakening, for about noon it was suddenly reported that a dispatch had been received, to the effect that Grant had "smashed the Utah slate" completely, removed all our best friends from office and appointed for Governor a man, who, whatever may be his personal qualifications, is certainly not suspected of very strong Gentile leanings, in fact is suspected of being rather too good a friend of Brigham Young. Great was the wonderment; the satisfaction was probably as great -- at the Tabernacle. The news ran through the city like electricty; little knots of the "d---d Gantiles" gathered on the corners and discussed the new move with rather more warmth than courtesy. The news was doubted, then it was believed, then it was authoritively denied and confirmed every half hour till night. At last, yesterday morning, the "reliable gentleman" arrived from the Western Union Telegraph office with the information that no Governor had yet been appointed, but, what was scarcely more agreeable, our popular young friend, Secretary Higgins, had been removed, and one Mann appointed in his place. Now this may mean that Higgins had held the office long enough and they had some favorite who wanted the place; or that a Johnson appointee was to be removed on general principles, or it may indicate that Hooper has the "inside track" at Washington and purposes to have none but friends of "this people" in office here, and particularly to punish Mr. Higgins for his little veto of the Co-operation bill. Be that as it may, we are profoundly sorry for the result. During his Secretaryship, and still more during his short term as Acting Governor, Mr. Higgins has given complete satisfaction to all the friends of the Government here; the only charge which could be brought against him was youth, and that was a defect which time would soon cure, Like some other young men he made the mistake of supposing that the Government wished its officials here to look after the interests of its citizens, and he suffers decapitation for his error. In view of these facts we cannot understand the appointment of Judge Strickland; it must have been a mistake, or made when Hooper was asleep! Perhaps too, these appointments result from a sort of compromise between the conflicting interests. We suppose the chances for the U. S. Attorneyship are about a "dead even" between Hosea Stout, Esq., and Major Hempstead. As to the Governor's place, it is notorious that the American citizens, resident in Utah, have but one choice. Failing in that, we might as well try Brigham Young again. In that case we would know just what to expect, and would deserve every kick we got, if we persisted in remaining in Utah. We like to see an Administration decided, one way or the other.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, April 7, 1869.                                      No. 125.


Our remarks on the Great Salt Lake, a few days ago have elicited some criticism and a few have expressed doubts of their correctness. In one point, speaking of the rise of the Lake surface, the language may have implied that the increase has been equal in consecutive years. Such is not the case. The Lake rose nine feet during the years 1866 and '67. The water, in 1865 and prior thereto, contained very nearly 22 per cent. of saline matter, and during the dry season thousands of barrels of salt were precipitated on the shores. Some of this was taken away and used by the settlers, the remainder was, with the rising of the Lake, again taken up and dissolved. We present here the analysis of the Lake water, taken by Dr. Gale in 1865:

"One hundred parts by weight were evaporated to dryness in a water bath below the boiling point, and then heated to about 300 degrees of the thermometer, and retained at that heat till the mass ceaaed to lose any weight. It gave solid contents, 22.282, which consisted of:
Chloride of Sodium (common salt) -- 20.196
Sulphate of Soda -- 1.834
Chloride of Magnesium -- 0.252
Chloride of Calcium -- a trace
Total: 22.282
This is about six times as dense at ordinary sea water in which the solid contents are commonly estimated at 3.5 per cent. or about one pound in twenty-nine. It will be at once evident that the Lake water cannot be used in the boiler for purposes of navigation; it is already denser, more saline, than the water blown out of the boiler of an ocean steamer. This has proved to be a serious inconvenionce in the navigation of the "Kate Connor " and it is to be hoped the newly invented "spray condenser" will prove a perfect success. But the water is not now so dense as the above table would indicate. With the rise of the water in 1866 the saline matter fell from 22 to 18 per cent., and with a further rise in '67 fell to 14 per cent., at least in Bear River Bay. During 1868 the Lake rose several feet, which has of course caused a further reduction in the per cent. of saline matter, but we have no analysis made within the last year and a half. An addition of fresh water to the Lake now, equal to that added in '66 or '67, would not cause the same rise as it did in those years, as the western shore is very low and flat, causing the waters to spread over a large extent of surface. The water of Bear River Bay is probably a little less saline than that of the western arms of the Lake, but not much so. As it is, the Dead Sea of Palestine is its only known superior in density; that contains 24.5 per cent. of solid material!. Like the Lake it is impossible to sink in it, but very easy to drown, as one may lose his balance and float with head under water till asphyxia results. Notwithstanding two elaborate surveys and numerous visits by scientific men, many curious questions about this remarkable body of water remain unanswered.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, April 8, 1869.                                      No. 126.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, April 9, 1869.                                      No. 127.

ON THE STREET. -- The "brethren" and "elders" will occasionally forget that "bulls-eye" signs were placed over Mormon stores for the purpose of enabling the faithful from the country to distinguish them from those of the "Gentiles." In consequence of this forgetfulness, combined with the extreme awkwardness of making the head in a favorable position for taking observations above doorways, many [fascinating], as well as ridiculous scenes occur on Main street, one of which came under our observation yesterday. Two of the "sisters," fresh from the "rooral districts," adjourned from Conference meeting to do a little trading. Passing down Main street, they paused before a store, a door or two below Jenning's corner, and were about to enter, when it suddenly occurred to one of them that they had better look for the "Bull's-eye." Casting their eyes above the door, no [references?] greeted their enquiring gaze, and exclaiming, "Come along sister, there's no sign up," they passed on. Alas for co-operation, had they looked higher they would have seen, near the top of the building, a "Bull's-eye" in all the glory of old [Jebeses?]. Here was a Mormon firm deprived of its just dues. Brother B. put your sign down lower next time. Observing several "Saints" trading at a "Gentile" store, we asked them if they were not afraid of ecclesiastical censure. They replied that they did not believe in "Bulls-eyes" and had found out that "Holiness to the Lord" had to be paid for; also that they could buy cheaper at a "Gentile" store, and that they had formed a co-operation among themselves for the purpose of purchasing at the cheapest places. The "brethren" have already found out that they can purchase cheaper at a "Gentile" store than at one of the "Bull's-eye" persuasion.

It is a matter of sheer impossibility for any railroad company, or any other set of mortals, to originate an original point anywhere on the whole route, that will begin to rival Salt Lake in point of interest. In the nature of things it cannot be done. Salt Lake City is the sure thing. -- Telegraph.

That'll do for Saintly consumption. Brigham has already cinched "Zion," and he is pulling the strap tighter every day.

Susan B. Anthony, of the Revolution, quotes a paragraph to prove that T. B. H. Stenhouse "was founder of the first daily paper in Mormondom," which is not correct. The Vedette, a "Gentile" paper, was the first, and for a time the only daily paper in Utah, and was established by Gen. P. E. Connor, a Christian gentleman and a good soldier; to neither of which virtues can Stenhouse lay claim. -- Ed.

THE NEW DISPENSATION." -- A gentleman in from Cache Valley, informs us that great dissatisfaction exists among the people, and that a large number talk of leaving and going to California, or some other more favored clime. Our advice to persons who contemplate fleeing from the tyranny of the Mormon leaders, is to go to the new town of Corinne, where they will find entire freedom, religious and political. The surest way to break up the despotism prevailing in Utah is to build up just such a town as Corinne, which will prove an "entering wedge" to Brigham's power in Utah.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                        Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, April 10, 1869.                                         No. 9.


For one whole year the Brighamites have deceived the country and mystified their dupes, by a pretended allegiance to the United States. When the late Conference began, many thought they would keep up the little game of loyalty; they even talked of putting up a house for the entertainment of Grant and his Cabinet when on their summer visit. But Brigham had held in as long as he could; the poison was in him and it had to come out. On Thursday afternoon, the last session of Conference, he took occasion to air his inveterate hate of the Union and the country, and to show the bitter disloyality that rankles in his black heart. And, ye Gods! didn't he belch it forth! For one solid hour every epithet that a vile fancy could suggest, sharpened by forty years of practice, was harled at the heads of the nation; President, Vice President, Congress, Army and Federal officials in Utah, were in turn visited with torrents of the vilest billingsgate that ever fouled the mouth of an outcast from the slums of the Five Points. The strongest terms of the English language utterly fail to convey any idea of this sermon harangue, to which (incredible as it may seem!) five thousand women and children were listeners! We owe an apology to our readers, even for printing any portion of this stuff, but there are some things that ought to be published, that the world may know Brighamism pure and simple; and after ending it let our patrons consider this issue disgraced by such such quotations from that filthy source, and lay it out of sight forever.

Brigham Young expressed himself very frankly as well as forcibly concerning the United States Government, in his last sermon before the Mormon conference, recently held in this city. He first paid his respects to former administrations in language, the authenticity of which is positively guaranteed:
Whom did they send here for officers? The vilest scalawags that could be raked out of hell; the d___dest set of rascals they could pick up, who did us all the harm they could. But we have grown in spite of them; we ask no odds of them, and if these d___d low-lived fellows that are now crowding in here give us any trouble, we will rise up and put every one of them right out of the territory! We will make them leave; we won't have such a d___d set among us! There was old Drake, the d___dest old rascal in the country, that said he "loved to d__n the Mormons; he'd get up at midnight and walk ten miles over thistles to d__n them" and "he'd d___n any man that wouldn't d___n them... and I say, God d__n him, and God will d__n him, and all such scalawags as they send out here. And these men are the representatives of Congress and of the President. Who goes into the White House in these days? A gambler and a drunkard. And the Vice President is the same. And no man can get either office unless he _is_ a gambler or a drunkard or a thief. And who goes to Congress? You may hunt clear through the Senate and the House, and if you can find any men that are not liars, thieves, wheremongers, gamblers, and drunkards, I tell you they are mighty few, for no other kind of men can get in there!

Now I suppose some of their reporters will set down what I say and publish it, (fixing his eye savagely on a gentleman with book and pencil.) Set it down and publish it as far and wide as you please. But don't say I abused the Government. I am only abusing these scalawags that now manage the Government; and I tell you the whole thing is as rotten as hell. They've hammered and hammered at the Constitution till there's nothing left of it, and the whole country is going to the devil.

They sent an army here to destroy the saints. And when that army got to Fort Bridger I told them to stand off. I sent word to the Colonel: "That land where you are is mine; I bought it, and paid my money for it; but you can stay there. But if you attempt to encroach any further upon us, we'll kill you all!" The Colonel said if I caused one drop of blood to bashed, there would be a million shed in return. I told him to keep off, to go where he would, but not to come on us. And they did keep off; and they didn't hurt anybody; no, nor they never will be able to hurt anybody, as long as the saints are united. They came and they went, as so many others have come and went, and now if these Gentiles give us any more trouble we'll drive them every one right out of the country. We won't be bothered with them. The d__d scalawags can't hurt us as long as we're united. We defy them all.

Now talk about plurality of wives and say it is such a bad thing and some of them want our women to vote and vote it down. And some of them have said to me, 'How many wives have you got?' Why, brethren, I cannot really say. I never trouble myself to think about it. I've got a good many women one place or another; I guess I have got a dozen or fifteen that I take care of and support; and some day I will take the trouble to count them all up, so I can tell the world just how many I've got. I have one wife and many women. And I take care of them and their children. But these poor wretches in Washington that are talking about me have children that they won't even acknowledge. They have children all around, and if one of the mothers was to come and show one of them his child he'd deny it. He wouldn't own his own his own child. And I say God d___n the man that does such a thing; and God will damn him too. Yes, and He'll damn the nation that permits it. Now you'll say I oughtn't to swear about this. But I say to them: Give up your women, and then we'll talk about giving up our plurality of wives. So much for that. But here's an evil right among the Saints. Some of these young women are so foolish as to say they must go to the Gentiles to get husbands. And some of these young men talk as if they wouldn't marry till they can have a fine house, and piano for their wives to finger, and all that sort of thing. Now, I want you young women to go to them and tell them you are willing to marry without these things, and to go to work and help them get a living. But the young men are lazy dogs, and are full of excuses.

Now, I say for all the saints to stick together and be united, and all the d___d scalawags in the country can't hurt us. We defy them all! and we ask no odds of the Government."
Such are a few of the choice extracts from this harraugue. Is comment necessary? This from a self-styled "Prophet of the Lord, Priest, Seer and Revelator in all the world," the leader of a hundred thousand people, claiming to be loyal to the Government! Thousands of people in the East will refuse to believe that such stuff could have been uttered in a "sermon," and before an audience embracing thousands of women and girls! And yet that every word was spoken, as here published, we have the most positive proof. If such things are spoken in public, what must be their utterance in secret council? If such are their open expressions, what must their thoughts and feelings be?

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                      Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, April 10, 1869.                                      No. 128.

One man here is Sheriff of Salt Lake County, Collector of Internal Revenue for the same, Major-General in the Army of the "Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints," and a Mormon Bishop, besides half a dozen little township and ward offices. One man at Fillmore fills the offices of County Clerk, County Recorder, Assessor and Collector of Taxes, both city and county, City Clerk, and ex-officio Justice of the Peace and general overlooker of morals, in addition to his ecclesiastical offices in the Mormon Church. The further out you go, the more complications exist, till in the remote settlements all affairs, spiritual, temporal, and amorous, are settled by the Bishop alone; and nine-tenths of the people do not know whether he decides them in his civil or ecclesiastical character.

With this issue we take leave of Salt Lake City, and shall in a few days address our patrons from Corinne, Utah. The Salt Lake Daily Reporter was established in the interests of the Gentiles of Utah, and of enlightened liberty, on the 11th of May, 1868, and during the year we have been sustained beyond our most sanguine anticipations. The motive principle of our policy has been unceasing war upon the Hierarchy now dominating Utah, and a defence of the rights and interests of all people. We shall still make this contest a leading feature of our future management. Let not our friends of Salt Lake City fear, our enemies hope, that we will forget or leave them alone. With an enlarged sheet and better facilities for information we shall continue the good work; though our local news be mostly of Corinne, as to the Salt Lakers we shall have "a child among them takin' notes," and their affairs will still claim a large space in our columns.

The politico-religious character of the Reporter will remain exactly the same; we go to Corinne simply because the citizens of that place make it our interest to do so; because we can have more advertising, more job work and better facilities there than here. Also, because we believe in the future of Corinne and do not in that of Salt Lake City. To our patrons in Salt Lake City we return our most hearty thanks. They have given us a most generous support, even at a time when priestly influence had succeeded in destroying much of their prosperity. To our enemies we merely say: You shall hear from us again, and that often, with continuance and vigor.

Note 1: This was the last issue of the Reporter issued in Salt Lake City, just as Editor J. H. Beadle was closing up his shop there. Perhaps he recalled the hostility that had assailed that paper's reporting of the previous LDS Conference held there, and realized that it was time to get out of town, "while the gettin' was good." But a more likely reason is that the new railroad town of Corinne was growing quickly and offered a choice location for future Great Basin journalism. After a lapse of a few days, the paper resumed publication at Corinne on April 20th, under the new title of "The Daily Utah Reporter."

Note 2: John Hanson Beadle began offering submissions to S. S. Saul's Salt Lake Reporter in early October, 1868, shortly after the closing of that year's fall Conference of the LDS Church. Shortly thereafter Beadle was asked to fill in as the sheet's acting editor (while Mr. Saul was temporarily out of town). By November Beadle had found two interested partners (Adam Aulbach and John Barrett) and had purchased the newspaper outright, making himself the Reporter's official editor. Five months later Beadle decided to vacate his Salt Lake City office and move the paper to Corinne. At about this same time Beadle also suspended his reporting correspondence for the Cincinnati Commercial (see his letter in that paper's issue for April 29th).

Note 3: The date on the "Sheriff of Salt Lake County" item has not been verified -- it may have appeared a day earlier.

(continue to 1869 issues published in Corinne)

Back to top of this page

Smith's History Vault   |   Cowdery's Bookshelf   |   Spalding Library   |   Mormon Classics   |   Newspapers

last updated: April 27, 2014