Salt Lake Daily Reporter: The Samuel S. Saul Issues

Precursor Utah "Gentile" Newspapers
11 27 '67  |  02 15 '68

Reporter issues published in Great Salt Lake City
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Vol. VIII.                                  Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, November 27, 1867.                                  No. 125.

History of the Mormon Hierarchy.

Mormonism Its Origin, Rise and Progress --
Biography of its Founders, and History
of Its Church of Latter-day Saints.

This is the title of a work just issued from the publishing house of the Messrs. Appleton, New York. The author has proved himself well qualified for his big undertaking and brought out a history that will be received at this time as one of peculiar interest, especially to the christian public. Intimately acquainted with Joe Smith, (so-called) the first pretended prophet of the Mormon sect, from his early boyhood, and with the orgin of his delusions -- knowing all his principal coadjutators and followers from the first building to the maturity of the Church of Latter-Day Saints -- having been connected with the printing of the first edition of the Book of Mormon from the manuscript "translations" of the mythical golden plates as presented by the revelator in person -- Mr. Tucker possesses advantages scarcely equaled for his task and which have enabled him to supply a page long wanted in the annals of Mormonism. -- He has adopted the plan of a truthful authentic account, dating from the beginning of the imposture -- adding interesting incidents and anecdotes from life as he witnessed them, illustrative of the characters and designs of the Mormon leaders -- and chronologically traced the extraordinary sect from its insignificant starting point at Palmyra to its present monster pretensions at Great Salt Lake City and almost co-exetensive with the civilized nations of the earth.

The Troy Daily Times speaks intelligently of the new book and the public requirement for the important history it contains. We extract from its review:

Much that is very interesting about the Mormons has already been published. -- Mr. Bowles in his Overland Journey to California, told us a deal concerning Utah and the Saints, which was new and entertaining; Mr. Richardson in his volume "Beyond the Rocky Mountains," has likewise entertained and instructed the public on the same subject; while Hepworth Dixon, the English writer, in his work on "New America," has perhaps told us more than all the others about everyday Mormon life, institutions, and character of leaders and people. But there is wanting in all these histories and allusions to the Mormons, the link now supplied which makes the whole historical chain. None of the writers pretended to have any but the most vague ideas of the origin and early history of the imposture itself -- the delusion, which has spread itself to all quarters of the globe, which has made its converts among all nations, almost peopled an empire, and to-day wields a "religious," political and pecuniary power, certainly not second to many well-established governments.

Where did Mormonism originate? Who and what were the men who presided over its birth, reared its infancy, fought its early battles, and identified themselves with its struggles? When did the "Book of Mormon" come from, and who and what were the men who first palmed it off upon credulous people as a revelation from God? Who and what was Joe Smith? Who and what were his apostles -- the men who followed him from Western New-York to Illinois? And what became of these early believers and followers, whose connection with Mormonism was marked and prominent years before Brigham Young was publicly heard of? There are men still living at the seat of the Mormon rise, and elsewhere perhaps -- whose number is rapidly diminishing, however -- who can intelligently answer all these and many more like questions, with the particularity and reliability which come from a personal knowledge of all the facts. The author of the work before us is one of these. He was a young printer and editor before "Joe Smith" budded into fame -- in fact when the "Prophet" was known about the streets of Palmyra as a most unpromising village lounger, living by his wits -- a capital so scant as to frequently leave him in need. Mr. Tucker was connected with the printing office to which the manuscript "Book of Mormon" was brought to be printed, and at which, subsequently, it was printed -- Mr. T. himself acting as proof reader for a part of the work. His position brought him in contact with Smith and his associates. Willing to hear what the "Saints" had to say, after their new "Bible" was printed and their primary "Church" organized, Mr. T., as a member of a literary association, secured the use of the society's hall for the preaching of the first regular Mormon "sermon."

With all the after doings of the Mormon leaders in and about Palmyra, Mr. T. was also familiar, and he has naturally kept in view their movements and career to the present time. From the day when in his enlightened village the imposture was regarded as beneath serious criticism, he has seen it magnifying itself so as to attract the attention of both continents, and become a power among the assumed religious sects of the world! Never had man such a temptation "to write a book." He has been earnestly urged for years to put his facts and recollections of original Mormonism in print, being told that to do so was a duty he owed to the public, and especially to those who in the future are very likely to see even more of the delusion and its victims than have our own generation. It was not until last year, however, that he finally complied with these requests and went earnestly at the work.

The result is a book which, we venture to say, will be exceedingly well received by the public at large, and prized as a valuable addition to the general knowledge. The author writes tersely and clearly. Himself perfectly familiar with his subject at every turn, he goes straight to facts, gives days and dates, and deals with all the leading men of Mormonism in embryo, and Mormonism matured, familiarly, and draws their characteristics --good, bad and indifferent -- graphically, and we doubt not justly. The simple recital of facts contained in the book, is all the refutation needed of the preposterous spiritual or religious assumptions of the "Latter Day Saints." We see the origin -- the character of the men who inaugurated the delusion -- the selfish and ambitious uses to which their arts were applied -- and these are quite enough. The wonder is -- and a wonder it will ever be -- how the thing ever secured the success which has attended it. -- Much of its prosperity must be ascribed, first, to the indifference, the contempt, with which the public at the outset, and for many after years, treated the pretension and its followers; and secondly, to the ill-advised persecutions which the early Mormons suffered in Ohio, Missouri and Illinois. The leaders were men of bold determination, and perseverence in their adventure had become a necessity. The killing of Joe Smith by a mob doubtless proved "seed" for the Mormon Church. The removal of the believers to Utah was beyond question a master stroke of policy. In that then far-off and isolated territory, they not only secured a foothold upon the soil and exemption from neighboring molestation, but attracted to themselves greater attention as a religious sect disposed to withdraw from the "gentile world" in order to enjoy their peculiar faith. The sect, while in Illinois, would have "gone to seed," or been swallowed up by attrition with the flood of emigration from the New England and Middle States, while in Utah they have flourished as no people have flourished -- if worldly wealth and power be the standard -- on this continent. -- And, sad to say, their progress, instead of being checked, is onward. Mormon missionaries are in every part of the world; the "Book of Mormon" has been translated into nearly every modern language; and not a week passes but ship loads of emigrant converts are landed upon our shores.

Mr. Tucker's book is very interesting to the present generation, in this country and in Europe; but we assume that, spite of all present opposition, Mormonism is to hold its power for some time to come, and is to increase rather than diminish in the number of its adherents. Material wealth, such as is now possessed by the sect, united with religious enthusiasm, a sincere zeal, a blind faith, is not a power to be overcome in a day. The organization may be driven out of Utah, but it will plant itself elsewhere, and in the smoke and heat of "persecution" new converts will be born to it by thousands and thousands. It is in this view we regard it as most fortunate that Mr. Tucker has prepared a book replete with authentic facts, and literally going to the root of the imposture. The work will be illustrated with portraits and engravings and brought out in the best style of the publishers, the Messrs. Appletons, of New York.

In the preface of the book appears the following letter from Mr. Thurlow Weed, addressed to the author. Mr. W. was a publisher and editor at Rochester, near the scene of the Mormon origin, at the time of its first appearance, and knew much of its pioneer history and of its founders and their dupes. He saw Mr. T.'s manuscript before it went to the publishers and his statement is given to the readers as corroborating the authenticity of the early history now first published to the world.
New York, June 1, 1867.            
Dear Sir, -- I have been so constantly occupied, that I really did not get time to say how much I was interested in your history of Mormonism. I have long hoped that some person with personal knowledge of the origin of this great delusion -- who saw it as I did, when it was "no bigger than a man's hand," and who has the courage and capacity to tell the whole truth -- would undertake the task. I read enough of your manuscript to be confident that you have discharged this duty faithfully. The character you have given "Joe Smith," his family and associates, corresponds with what I have often heard from the old citizens of Palmyra. Such a work is wanted, and no one but a writer personally and familiarly acquainted with the false Prophet and his surroundings could have written it.
            Truly yours,
                        Thurlow Weed.
Pomeroy Tucker, Esq.

ALL GONE -- The demand for the "Mormon Prophet and His Harem," has. been so great as to entirely exhaust our supply on hand. Wonderful, ain't it that the people both Mormon and Christian, desire to delve into the mysteries of Mormonism under Brigham and take a peep behind the curtain Many things in Mrs. Waite's book, no doubt, have astonished even the Mormon reader. after reading it carefully the reader will think if he has faith in Brigham, that such things could hardly exist or could have existed but he does not stop there. The reader will try to find out for himself the truth or falsity of the work, and after carefully and impartially scrutinizing the past even to the present day, he wrill at once acquiesce in its being a truthful work. If we are not mistaken, "counsel" was against the purchase of this book by the Prophet, to which may be mainly attributed its success in Utah; for, had it not been frounded on truth, Brigham would not have deigned to notice it. Such boooks will lessen the prestige of B. Y. to a degree not given credit for by outsiders. Many may think because the result is not spontaneous that there is no good done, but Rome was not built in a day, neither did Mormonism reach its acme in a year; therefore patience; and time will unravel all things. A new supply of "Mormon Prophets" -- not Brigham's -- are expected, which will enable us to meet the constantly increasing demand.

Note 1: To understand the provenance and origin of the 1868 Salt Lake Daily Reporter, it is first necessary to know something about its predecessor in the "City of the Saints," the 1863-67 Daily Union Vedette. On Nov. 27, 1867 the newspaper issued its final number, without warning to its readers and still soliciting subscriptions. The "Publisher and Proprietor" credited in the masthead was "P. L. Shoaff;" no editor's name was given.

Note 2: The Utah Magazine owners were in the process of organizing and outfitting their publication office at the exact same time that the Vedette ceased operation. The forthcoming appearance of the new magazine may have afforded the Vedette proprietor a golden opportunity to sell out some of the latter paper's assets for cash -- a rare commodity in post-war Utah. Since the initial issues of the Utah Magazine were printed "at the office of the Deseret News," E. L. T. Harrison probably did not need the Vedette's presses -- those would end up in the establishments of the Sweetwater Mines and the Daily Salt Lake Reporter.

Note 3: The editor of the Cheyenne Leader was well acquainted with the Vedette and its operations in Salt Lake City. In his issue for May 11, 1868, he published a May 4th letter that said: "the Vedette is about to resume publication under the name of the Salt Lake Daily Reporter, the first number of which will probably make its appearance next week. Mr. Saul, a California editor of considerable experience, has charge of the paper, and is expected to fight its battles o'er again with increased valor and ability.... [there] is the rumor that our old arch-enemy, whom we deride and fear, Gen. Connor, has been again spoken of for the nomination of Governor of Utah... The Reporter nee Vedette has received much encouragement thus far, and it is supposed Montana and Idaho will assist to sustain it. An agent will be sent through those Territories for subscriptions and advertisements. No doubt the proprietors expect to 'make it stick' this time." -- A couple of days earlier the weekly Leader communicated the same news: "By a private letter received from Salt Lake, we learn that arrangements have been perfected for resuming the publication of the Vedette..." Mr. Saul, himself, in a letter published on Dec. 16, 1868, stated: "On the 11th of May last, I issued from the office of the late Vedette, the Daily Reporter."

Note 4: The Montana Post's issue of May 22nd clarified the Cheyenne Leader's report, by adding: "Salt Lake Daily Reporter... is printed with the Vedette material, not the Vedette but to 'fill its place.'"

Vol. I.                                          Fort Bridger, U. T., Saturday, February 15, 1868.                                          No. 1.

Our readers will notice that we are printing our paper at Fort Bridger, it being the nearest available point (and Post Office) to the mines. It is impossible at present to get into the Sweetwater country, either on horseback, muleback or with teams. Several efforts, during the past six weeks, have been made to get into South Pass with teams, but they failed in every instance, owing to the great depth of snow and the want of stations for a distance of seventy miles. Our stay here will only by temporary, having made arrangements to have our press, etc., "snaked" into South Pass city in less tban 24 hours traveling time after the roads become passable for teams.

In the meantime we shall be able to keep ourselves and our readers thoroughly posted up in relation to everything noteworthy transpiring at the mines by means of a tri-weekly snow-shoe and dog sled express, which is now running between Bridger and South Pass City. So perfect are our arrangements for ours being the first teams to get into the country, that our arrival there may be safely taken as a signal that the road is open to travel, and until such time it will be useless for parties to start with teams for Sweetwater, as they will only be exposing themstlves to privations and dangers of perishing.

Note: ...

Vol. I.                                             Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, May 11, 1868.                                              No. 1.


We have pleasure this evening of laying before the public our paper, the SALT LAKE DAILY REPORTER. It is printed on the material of the Vedette, which was suspended some months since and will not be again revived.

While the Reporter is both theoretically and practically a new paper, and in many respects a new enterprise, we trust that it will successfully and creditably fill the place of the Vedette. Our greatest efforts will be to make the Reporter a good general newspaper, and especially a conveyor of local information to the non-Mormon public. It is true, there are already two newspapers published here, but the Reporter will reach and represent a class of readers, and that a very large one, not within the range of these papers. In this connection it may not be out of place to remark that previous to engaging in the enterprise, enquiry by the publisher of the Reporter elicited the remark in every direction that a non-Mormon newspaper is an absolute necessity here, we therefore have reasons to believe the Reporter will be welcomed by many in this community, and hosts abroad.

Owing to the dullness of the season it is undeniably a hard time to start a paper, but, "where there's a will there's a way," strict attention to business, hard work and economy will make the Reporter live, and these it shall have. If it were going to be an everlasting pull we might shrink from it, but the strain will not last long -- not longer than we can stand it. Before a dozen moons shall wax and wane the Reporter's friends and patrons will be greatly multiplied in this vicinity. Then will come the day of our prosperity, and we hope the day of relaxation from the rigid frugality and industry which we will have to practice up to that period. We hope for humility, and don't intend to be a bit proud in the day of our prosperity. We also hope for deliverance from the sin of ingratitude, -- our friebds of to-day, we promise most faithfully, shall then be remembered most heartily and rewarded to the extent of our ability.

We will not make a string of fine sounding promises, as to what we will and won't do, and say. It is an easy thing done, but in the hereafter their fulfilment might not be according to our will or within our power. But there is one topic upon which we apprehend our patrons would like to know our sentiments, and that is politics. Upon this we shall never be found uttering an uncertain sound. We are a citizen if the Great Republic, and believe with the large majority of her citizens, who are well informed of her beneficent institutions, that here is the best government on earth. With the utmost devotion we indorse the sentiment, "Our Country, our whole Country, first, last and always. Her foes, our foes," but it will ever be a pleasant occupation to seek, by the kindest arguments, to undeceive a misguided or honestly erring person who is prejudiced against our Country and her Constitition and laws, but for the determined willful enemies of the government we have no quarter.

With our local cotemporaries we shall always put on our best behavior. Upon the subjects which we will differ, our motto is, "come let us reason together," each for his own side earnestly and to the best of his ability. It is the glory of the United States government that it guarantees the freedom of speech and the liberty of the press. This estimable privilege we intend to concede to others, and will exercise it to the fullest extent ourselves, avoiding licentiousness as we would any other abomination.

From our cotemporaries abroad we hope to have hearty sympathy, sympathy that will excuse many failings, and by and by, if not now we hope to deserve from them words of commendation.

During the coming few weeks the business department of our establishment will unavoidably almost monopolize our attention; during this time we crave indulgence in the literary department, promising faithfully to do better as soon as we get fairly on our legs, and our income warrants more help.

Finally: We start in a new man in this community, as well as with a new paper, and consequently have no old scores to rub out or to get even on and no favors to cancel. We have no friends to reward, or enemies to punish. We intend to run the concern to suit the publisher, and all may rest assured that it will never suit him to put anything but the truth into his columns, for love of friend or fear of foe.

HEAVY PROMPTING. -- An amusing incident happened at the Salt Lake Theatre the other evening not noticed by our neighbor critics. During the performance of one of the most absorbing scenes the prompter was heard by a large part of the audience, exclaiming to the supes: "Hurry up that thunder and lightning there, you!"

The Deseret News of Thursday last speaks of W. H. Hooper as sitting in Congress at Washington. We were informed a few days ago, on what we consider first rate authority, that Mr. Hooper was on his way home, his physician having advised him to leave Washington on account of his impaired health.

Note 1: Samuel Steven Saul (c.1830-1904) was a Pennsylvania teacher and school administrator who settled briefly in Livingston county, Illinois before moving on to the San Francisco Bay area in the early 1860s. He joined the staff of the Alameda County Gazette and eventually became the editor of that paper. In the spring of 1868 Saul (probably accompanied by his younger brother, Rodman Morgan Saul) moved to Salt Lake City and (by a deferred payment agreement with General Patrick Connor, former U. S. Commander at Fort Douglas) obtained possession of some equipment and materials left behind with the closing of the then long-defunct Union Vedette newspaper. On Monday, May 11th, Mr. Saul began publication of a small sheet called the "Salt Lake Daily Reporter." He remained in the editorial chair until the fall of that year, when he gave up on the effort and returned to Alameda county, California. There he eventually resumed his journalism career and served as the editor in a series of unsuccessful attempts at newspaper editing: Alameda County Advocate; The Plaindealer; San Leandro Record; Alameda County Gazette, etc. The Oakland Tribune of Aug. 16, 1904 printed a less than accurate obituary, but may have been correct in saying that the "deceased was a personal friend of Abraham Lincoln and James A. Garfield." Although Mr. Saul self-published a technical book in 1877, there is no indication that he ever wrote a reminiscence of his time spent working on the Reporter among the Mormons of Salt Lake City.

Note 2: The San Francisco Alta California of May 26, 1868 published a letter, written by "J. W.," from Salt Lake City on May 8th, which said: "The Daily Salt Lake Reporter appears next Monday afternoon, the 11th. The Vedette material is used, but a new man and a new concern is to be put forth. The proprietor. S. S. Saul, was formerly of the Alameda Gazette, of your State. The paper will be Union in sentiment, and if provoked to discuss Mormonism, will do it with no tender lines or honeyed words; but believing the days of that iniquitous system of debauchery are few and nearly closed, he will not make war on such a decreped and failing concern unprovokedly. It would be folly to do so, as it would not hasten its demise a single mouth. The Reporter purposes to represent truly facts concerning the Territory that will induce immigration from the States as well as from the alleys of the old cities of Europe."

Note 3: The editor of the Boise Idaho Tri-Weekly Statesman remarked in his issue for May 19, 1868: "We have received the first number of this spicy Iittle Gentile paper, published at Salt Lake upon material formerly used by the Vedette. Its editor, S. S. Saul, makes good promises for the future. Politically he places himself on the record for his country, 'United we stand, divided we fall.' Our citizens should not fail to send a V [$5] and try the Reporter for three months. We extend our [hand] and wish you success."

Note 4: The Helena Montana Post noticed the May 8th report from Salt Lake City and a week later, in its issue for May 22, 1868, mentioned the initial number of the Reporter, relaying "Its business" -- "to disseminate intelligence to and of the Gentiles." The Helena reviewer also remarked: "It is printed with the Vedette material, not the Vedette but to 'fill its place.' It is Union, but not partisan, anti-Mormon, but not annihilative, expects to be a one-horse paper for a twelve-month..."

Note 5: The Sacramento Daily Union of May 19th had these comments: "Salt Lake Reporter... is the title of a small daily paper published at Salt Lake City by S. S. Saul, formerly of this State. It aims to be an independent and good general newspaper." The San Francisco Daily Alta California of May 21, 1868 offered similar comments: "We have received the first and second numbers of the Salt Lake Daily Reporter, published as an independent 'Gentile' paper, at the City of the Saints. Salt Lake has now three dailies."

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, May 12, 1868.                                             No. 2.

MEN WANTED. -- It has been rumored about the city for a number of days that President Brigham received a telegram from some one connected with the Union Pacific R. R. (it is not stated whom) asking for a thousand hands to work on the construction of that road, and it has been asserted by one who ought to know, and perhaps does know, about such things, that the R. R. could not have the men. We don't know that a despatch of the kind named has been received; street rumor is all that the public have in regard to it, not a words having been said about it in the newspapers. We do know however that the R. R. Co or its contractors can get an unlimited number of workmen here if they will only let the men know that they want them at fair wages. In consideration of the surplus of labor, the present scarcity of money and the consequent hard times in the Territory, it would be a great blessing indeed, if one or two thousand men from here could get employment at good wages, and their pay in cash, and he who lays aught in the way of their opportunity to do so, does a gross wrong.

WHAT'S IN A NAME. -- We think there is considerable in a name, and hence we selected "SALT LAKE DAILY REPORTER" for the name of our paper. It sounds well, and there's a great deal in that -- euphony goes a long way with most people. It localizes the paper, and that's the most of all. The good of localizing a newspaper as much as possible by its name, is so near self-evident that we won't take space to submit the reasons. The word Reporter is intended to be an exact index of the character of the paper.

The Frontier Index, the pioneer paper, on wheels, is published at the temporary termini of the U. P. R. R., has moved up to Laramie City, and its racy editor is jubilant about the new situation. He feels as nice anout it as a boy with a whole paper of "goodies," it sticks out all over his paper. From his exultant leader we clip a couple of paragraphs refering to this locality:
Our western people are not slow to admit that Laramie will be the great half-way railroad town. They see the deep mellow soil of which the whole valley is composed. No farminh land between the "Big Muddy" and Salt Lake can begin to compare with that of the Laramie Plains. * * *

The cat is now out of the bag. The great interior railroad rown is a fixed fact. Laramie is to be the half-way Chicago, between Omaha and Salt Lake.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, May 13, 1868.                                             No. 3.

THEATRICAL. -- The theatre was poorly attended last night, but the players acquitted themselves remarkably well, considering that both Play and Farce are below par. "Retribution" is not sensational enough to be well liked by the masses; it had some fine points but failed to be well received. The sword exercise between Waldron and McKensie was one of the best points. The Farce was well played but its tone is inferior. Some of the actors who are accustomed to take leading parts in Farces and Comedies are greatly missed when not on stage, and while we are aware of the fact that "it is impossible to please everybody" we believe we echo the general sentiment of the theatre patrons, in saying that there is a lack of vivacity and spirit in the recent presentations and casts. Madame Scheller arrived Monday evening, and will commence playing next week. She is a favorite with Eastern audiences, and will doubtless be well received in this city.

TO CORRESPONDENTS. -- We again cordially and earnestly invite to our columns correspondence and literary contributions. Although our sheet is small we will always find plenty of room for articles upon live and interesting topics, and welcome them not only for the benefit they will be to our paper, but because of the assistance they will give, in our at present pressing editorial duties.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, May 14, 1868.                                             No. 4.


A great deal of credit is claimed, and justly, too, in a certain sense, by the inhabitants of Utah, for their industry and enterprise, and the consequent results. In the short space of a few years, a city has been built up, a community, thriving and persevering, has been gathered together, and a great tract of country has been put under cultivation. And not only this, but it has been accomplished under many difficulties -- far from the outposts of civilization, and surrounded by hostile tribes of Indians. Food enough and to spare has been raised among them; indeed, it is claimed that the surrounding Territories have been in a great measure dependant upon this for provisions and other necessities.

But, while we award all due credit for the wondrous work which has been accomplished here, we must make, at the same time, due allowance for the law of necessity which operatedc to bring it about.

It is the general remark that "Necessity knows no law," but it seems to us that it were a more apparent truism to say, that "Necessity is a law unto itself." It is in fact the power which governs a course when no alternative is offered; and as all things are supposed to be governed by some law, in such a case Necessity must become a law.

The "Law of Necessity," thus defined, requires a certain course to be pursued in order to effect an end wished for by an individual, and if other effects, beneficial to himself follow his course to effect that end, no one can claim that he deserves as much credit for the concomitant results of his course, as he would if he had worked for those results alone.

A MISTAKE. -- The report set afloat in the city about a tri-daily set of stages to be put on the overland route, between here and Laramie city is not correct. The facts are that the stock which has been taken off the route from Cheyenne to the new terminus of the R. R., Laramie city, is to be distributed all over the line to strengthen it where it is most needed. Some of it will be distributed over the eastern division, and some of it will come here to be sent north on Mr. Taylor's division but no more than a daily line is to be run any where at present.

General Sherman arrived in town on Tuesday evening last. The General did not meet with so hearty a reception as many rxpected he would, owing to a feeling among our frontiersmen that Sherman is not their friend. This feeling may be traced to the acts of General Sherman in relation to the Indian war in Colorado last year. -- Cheyenne Record.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, May 15, 1868.                                             No. 5.


Over the mountains and through the valleys of the western part of the United States, booms the pioneer of prosperity and the harbinger of better days -- the track of the "Iron horse." Ten years ago, it was a myth, this gigantic scheme of a Pacific railroad, and non then living expected to see the day when a trip from California to New York would be considered but a pleasure excursion. Now, it is almost a reality; the people of our country having become awake to the fact that the greater part of our possessions lie west of the Mississippi river, and that it but needed a connecting link between the comparative old and new world of the Western Continent, to render the United States as great in resources as in name. And, if it be possible, every rail that is laid in a western direction, unites the interest of our people more, and ensures to a greater degree the continuance of the American Republic. The Pacific Railroad, east and west, the Mississippi River, north and south -- what better connecting links do we want to unite the interests of the people of the United States, and perpetuate the existence of one nation and but one flag, in all our vast possessions.

We, of the fertile valleys and mineral burdened mountains of the West, invite and will welcome you, men of the East. Come and view what has been accomplished in our isolation, and see what we will do when the no distant future is upon us.

Isolation has its benefits, but we want no more of them. Come with your railroad, and we will teach the savages who confine our sphere of labor, the art of prosperity without stealing; come with your railroad, and we will make the "Desert blossom like the rose," and show you -- how to reduce the National Debt.

A little longer and the really rapid approaching terminus of the Road, will be settled in our now quiet valley; a little longer then, from the West will be heard the sound of moving steam and revolving wheels, and yet a little longer, we will rely no more upon the stage for a change of scene, "from one vast Ocean unto its brother."

But we, on this line of travel, are not alone to be the recipients of so estimable a favor as to be put in connection with the outer world. Far up to the North of us stretches the proposed route of the Northern Pacific Road. Commencing at St. Paul, it diverges northward through Dakotah and Montana, thence southeast and east through Idaho and Washington, to Steilacoom, on Pugit Sound. Again, from the borders of the State of Arkansas we find the proposed line of the Southern Pacific, continuing through the State of Texas, and the Territories of New Mexico and Arizona, to San Francisco, California. When all of these are finished, what may we not expect as beneficial results. From the overcrowded cities of the East, immigration will at once commence, and laborers be furnished to develope the boundless resources of the West.

In imagination we already hear the whistle of the locomotive in our valley; and when that comes, towns and cities will arise, filled with an industrious and thriving population. And then -- then wealth and prosperity must crown the efforts of a united people, and a future, charming to contemplate, be spread to the gaze of the world. And then -- then let us in harmony and peace settle down to fulfill the destiny for which this country was peopled. Let us cast over the unhallowed differences of the past and the present, which have been and are agitating the public mind, and retarding our progress immeasurably, and live out in happiness the glorious days which await us.

A MISTAKE. -- From the information we can gather there are rich and extensive gold diggings in Bingham Canyon. We will soon have reliable reports from there and will give them to the public. A miner from there brought in yesterday $800 in dust, and sold it to Walker Bros. The Canyon is about twenty-five miles west of this city. About one hundred and fifty men are at work there now....

FARES TO THE WEST. -- The following are the reduced fares [of Wells, Fargo & Co.] from this city to Austin, $80; to Virginia, Nev., $120; to Sacramento, $150.

THEATRICAL. -- The Corsican Brothers was played last night to a fair ghouse. The Tableau scenes were magnificent, and the "appearances" of the dead brother were remarkably well done. During the sword combat between Mr. Waldron and Mr. McKenzie, the former had the misfortune to have his hand cut severely. The last act was very fine, concluding with a splendid Tableau. Madame Scheller commences her engagement next week. "Under the Gaslight" will be presented during her stay: with the advantages of this large, roomy stage, this play can be produced here with the greatest success.

Note: The Reporter's "Pacific Railroad" editorial was partly reprinted in the Helena Montana Post of May 29, 1868 -- whose editor responded: "It [the proposed Northern Pacific Railroad route] does not commence at St. Paul but at Lake Superior. It does not diverge northward through Dakota and Montana, but passes through them on an average latitude south of its starting point. It does not pass southeast through Idaho and Washington, but due west. And finally it does not go to Steilacoom but to Seatle. With these trifling exceptions the Reporter hit it exactly."

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, May 16, 1868.                                             No. 6.


The work of reconstructing the South goes on slowly but, we would fain believe, surely. That such a work could be accomplished in a day, or within the short period to which its operations have been confined, we cannot believe. Party passion, inflamed to fever heat by by war, engendering as it does the bitterest enmity and hatred between inhabitants of two opposite sections, cannot but leave its withering, blighting effect upon those who have been subjected to its influence. It is a work of time, slow and laborious, to eradicate deep seated prejudice.

That prejudice has been perhaps imbibed in childhood, inherited from parents, receiving strength and nurture from an education in false political doctrines, and a misapprehension of the great fundamental principles underlying the superstructure of our government, which are the only true foundation of liberty.

Occupying the position of a conquered people, reduced to a territorial condition, and governed, not by officers of their own election and choice, but by officials placed over them by the general government, it is scarcely to be wondered at, that they should miss the sweets of political liberty, which their misconduct has for a time caused to be withsrawn from them.

In a condition of temporary insanity, it has been found necessary by the supreme power, to appoint guardians of their persons and political rights, until the light of returning reason shall enable them to enjoy those rights unimpaired. The cannon that threw its fratricidal shot into Fort Sumpter, fired the Northern heart, and its thunder tones rang the knell of dusunion. With the intelligence of that act, came a deep resolve to the hearts of the people that, let it cost what it would, the entirety of the United States Territory should be preserved undiminished. People of all political creeds exclaimed as with one voice, "the Union must be preserved." Nor did they rest content with this alone, but, suiting the action to the word, as if by magic, an army sprang up, verifying our boast that we are a nation of soldiers. Such an event had been entirely unexpected by the South. Resting secure in the supposition that the democratic masses of the North would supinely view their efforts at dismemberment of the Union, if they did not actually rise up in rebellion to aid them, they thought they had to strike but one blow and everything was theirs.

The north resting in careless security and conscious power, despised the portentious mutterings of thunder foretelling the coming storm, and only awoke from her lethargy when she had received a terrible lesson at Bull Run. Then the giant rose in his might. Herculean were the efforts, crushing the resukts. Victory but augmented, and defeat but rendered more stern, the determination to overcome at all hazards, the opposing power and restore the integrity of the Union.

The country in her moral sickness labored with more than human anguish, and, as throe after throe shook her frame, the dark cloud of despair seemed hovering over her, shrouding the grim spectres of disaster and death.

But her destiny was not yet. Soon the sulphurous clouds rising from many a battlefield, upon which lay stretched the pride of her bosom in manly vigor, began to clear away and the bright sun of peace streamed down undimmed by a single mist of doubt, to cheer and bless us with its invigorating rays.

Foreign nations had stood looking on with eager interest, hoping for the downfall, fearing the triumph, of American institutions.

The results to them were astounding. They had hoped that in anarchy and strife, would be found the proof that republics were failures, but they saw a well organized government, backed and suported by a military power, composed of the people who constituted that government.

The South, which hoped for so much and gained so little, to-day sits in sack cloth and ashes, mourning for her sins. Terrible has been her punishment, deep and humiliating will be her repentance.

Gradually but surely reconstruction of government, reconstruction of thought, reconstruction of action, and reconstruction of political Union will take place, until a general harmony pervades the whole system.
Our flag shall wave for us on every sea,
The standard of the brave and free.
Amd let this motto, the words of Daniel Webster, be inscribed upon every true American heart, Union and liberty, one and inseperable, now and forever."

Soon after the Reporter was put to press yesterday evening one of the hardest hail storms ever witnessed passed over this City. It continued about half an hour and covered the ground nearly half an inch deep with hail stones from the size of a pea to a large marble. It seems that the grasshoppers were not diminished by it. One instance is reported where they gathered under the lea of a water ditch for protection and were piled in for a long distance over a foot thick.

Note: The "Reconstruction" editorial in this issue (which oddly says little about reconstruction) was written by one of the Reporter's correspondents and not by its editor.

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, May 18, 1868.                                             No. 7.

THEATRICAL. -- Saturday evening closed Mr. Waldron's engagement at the Theatre. As Raphael Duchalet in "The Marble Heart," Mr. W. fully sustained his high reputation as an actor. Miss Adams, as Marco, won new laurels, and her playing in the fourth act is pronounced by many, as good as ever witnessed in this City. "Georgias" was a little too "forgetful" in the first act. Between the first and second acts, Manager Caine appeared before the curtain and read a dispatch announcing the failure of the Court of Impeachment to convict the President on the 11th Article. The news was greeted with loud and continued applause. Madame Scheller has recovered from her indisposition and makes her entree to-morrow evening as Marie in "The Pearl of Savoy, or the Mother's Prayer," a drama of exciting interest, interspersed with songs. The success which has marked Madame Scheller's career as an actress and vocalist is sufficient to guarantee a crowded house. Go everybody.


Chicago, 15. -- A dispatch from Cheyenne says Genls. Sherman, Augur, Terry, and Col. Tappan, Indian peace commissioners, returned from Fort Laramie to-day and report they have concluded a treaty with the Crows, Brules, Sioux, Northern Cheyennes, Arrapahoes, and all agree to keep peaceable and settle on reservations. Genls. Harney and Sanbourne and M. S. White, secretary of the commission, remain at Laramie to meet "Man afraid of his horses" who, with a large band, passed Fort Reno on the 6th, en route to Laramie, where they are expected to-day. Genls. Sanborn and Harney are arranging for the removal of a large party from Laramie to the reserve on the Missouri. About 100 Souix, who it is believed committed the late depredations on the line of the U. P. R. R., are still on the war-path. Red Cloud sends word that he and his warriors are in the mountains, waiting for the evacuation of military posts, and when they are abandoned, that they will come and meet the commissioners. Gen. Augur goes to Fort Bridger to meet the Snakes, and Sherman and Tappan to New Mexico to meet the Navajoes, and Terry to Forts Randall and Sully.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, May 19, 1868.                                             No. 8.


Yesterday the REPORTER commenced its second week. We confess to modesty as a natural weakness, and with much trepidation we sent our first issue to the public, being conscious of many defects, and yet its neat appearance and our modest debut admitted a hope that it would not meet with an unkind reception, and we were not disappointed. The little sheet went forth on its first day and met a cordial reception, and the one week of its life has given many good omens to its publisher of its further prosperity and success in the field of its operations. Boasting is a foolish thing, and none but the vain are given to it, and we don't intend to indulge in it, but we cannot refrain from saying that the REPORTER will live and grow, and one of these days, not a lifetime in the future, be one of the largest and best newspapers on the continent. This reflection, which comes with the force of a revealed truth, gives us much comfort in the day of our small beginning, and hard work, and inspires to activity and cheerful exertions. We speak of the REPORTER as small and yet we have room for all the telegraphic, general and local news. By the adoption of the modern style for setting advertisements a great deal is put into a small space, and room saved for reading matter, and still each advertisement comparatively as much displayed as if it was in a larger paper and in great large type. The first week has not been prolific of local events. When such an occasion does occur the columns of the REPORTER will be ample to give them in full and admit of their free discussion. In this connection we may be allowed to say that a gentleman whose opinion is valuable, complimented us by saying the REPORTER contained as much news as the other papers here although they are much larger, and that in the compact form we had adopted we could always do so. We shall always try to.

HO, FOR BINGHAM. -- King & Larking will send out an extra coach to Bingham Canyon to-morrow morning. The travel to Bingham is increasing very rapidly, and if a tithe of the reports we hear of the richness of the Canyon and the surrounding region are true, it will soon require more than a daily line to accomodate the travel over the route. The richness of this gold field is beyond dispute, its extent is the only question. The commonest dirt there pays from two to four bits to the pan, and those who have their ditches in operation, and are working in the regular way are making from eight to twenty-eight dollars per day to the hand. We wait for a little more confirmation of the reports afloat.

THEATRICAL. -- To-night Madam Scheller makes her first appearance in "The Pearl of Savoy." Though the indications are for an unpleasant night outside, the theatre will be cosy and comfortable, and the entertainment we predict most excellent.

It gives us extreme pleasure to state that the rumor about the commencement of work on the U. P. R. R. in this vicinity has a good foundation. The intention seems to be to commence work at the mouth of Weber and grade through the entire Valley, the whole work to be accomplished by the first of next November. We cannot suppress a hurrah for the Great Overland R. R. May success attend all the efforts of the able gentlemen in whose hands its construction has been placed.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, May 20, 1868.                                             No. 9.

THEATRICAL. -- Last evening "The Pearl of Savoy" drew a large house, notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather.

Madam Scheller as Marie, fully established her reputation, among the theatre-goers of Salt Lake City, as a star of that brilliancy which seldom shines in these western mountains. Her beautiful form, handsome features, clear enunciation, and great talent, are rarely found combined in one person.

Her singing elicited frequent and deserved applause. Miss Alexander was bright and vivacious. Mrs. Browning, as Margaret, played well, and her flax-spinning carried us back to the good old time when tow under-linen was in vogue. Messrs. Margetts, McKenzie, Graham, Lindsay, and Hardie played with much precision and taste.

GONE. -- Arthur Fleming left this city to-day for San Francisco. During the past few years M. Fleming has creditably filled the stewardship at the Camp Douglas Hospital, which position he asked to be released from some time since, and a few days ago received from Washington an honorable discharge from the service. He leaves here with the good will and respect of a host of friends.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, May 21, 1868.                                             No. 10.


In nominating Grant for President the convention at Chicago to-day simply did what was expected of them by the great bulk of the people of the nation, in other words simply carried out the will of the people. No man in the nation is so well fitted to quiet the turbulence of the times. He is every inch a patriot. He knows no North, no South, no East, no West -- naught but his whole Country. He is to-day the earnest, devoted friend of the South. In his approaches to them he steadily carries the olive branch. He is not only the best but most potential friend the South has in the nation, and yet he is as true to the interests of the North as the magnet is to the pole. Hence he combines the elements of a great pacifier, such as the country is sorely in need of. The conservative element has worked the nomination of Grant, and it will not be disappointed in him as President.

As we go to press the telegraph announces the nomination of Colfax for Vice President.

CONTRACTS LET. -- The construction of two sections about fifty miles each, of the Union Pacific Railroad, have been let to parties in this city. The initial point of the work will be at the mouth of Weber Canyon, about thirty-five (35) miles north of this city. The work, we understand, is to be completed by the first of November next. Who now doubts the completion of the great R. R. in the year 1869. With about one hubdred miles graded from Salt Lake eastward, and the work pushed a long way from Green river toward Fort Bridger, it will be an easy job to complete the whole line next year. But little is heard here of the Western end of the road, but it is progressing rapidly though noiselessly.

Notes: (forthcoming) the same date.

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, May 22, 1868.                                             No. 11.

THE  U. P. R. R.

One of the important questions in this community in connection with the Overland Railroad has been definitely settled. It has until the present been uncertain whether the road would come down into the valley by Echo and Weber Canyons or take the Bear river route, but it is now authoritatively announced that the former route is to be followed, and the road debouch into the Great Salt Lake Valley through the mouth of Weber Canyon at a point about thirty-five miles North-east of this city. The important problem still left for the people here is what course the road will take from the mouth of Weber; whether it will go around the Lake to the North or South, or cross it directly opposite Weber.

The announcement of the letting of the contract for the grading in Weber and Echo Canyons has sent a thrill of excitement through the city which will spread as the news extends through the Territory, and well it may, for it is the announcement that the great work is at our very doors. Every one realizes that the Pacific R. R., which will bring this hitherto remote and almost inaccessible region within two and a half days of Chicago, is to be here very soon, and all mouths are filled with prognostications of the future. Of course the paramount speculation with the body of people who constitute the population here is how it will affect them and their peculiar institution. In this speculation we do not think it pertinent to take part editorially just now, if at all; for it does seem that the arguments for and against their creed and practices have been exhausted, and it only remains to test them practically in conjunction with the people and institutions of the surrounding world, or to speak more exactly, in contact with the people and institutions of the United States. However this practical trial may affect Mormonism, greatness is in store for this Territory. Within its borders is contained all that is necessary to make a rich and populous state. A vast extent of land, susceptible of the highest and most profitable cultivation; coal, iron, lead and copper in abundance, and we feel certain much gold and silver; while the water power for manufacturing purposes is unlimited. No region between the Missouri and Sacramento valleys approaches it at all for richness and resources.

In view of the large sums of money which will be brought into the community through the contracts just let, a good feeling is evident on the faces of all, quite in contrast with the recent despondency over the hard times. We have but one suggestion to make, and we hope we will not be considered impertinent. Give the poor men who are to strike the hard licks that is to bring the money among us a good show.

Messrs Jos. Nounan & Co. of this city secured the contract for the most eastern of the two sections of U. P. R. R. which we spoke of as being let yesterday, that is the section from the head of Echo Canyon forty miles eastward. They will enter upon the work as soon as tools, &c. can be received from the terminus of the R. R.

The gentlemen composing this company are well known by this community as enterprising business men, and none better could have been selected for the job they have undertaken. They are fortunate in having their section in a region well supplied with wood, water and grass, things which will much facilitate their work, and make it profitable. They are now ready to receive offers for sub-contracts, and we understand intend to pay all their employees in cash.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, May 23, 1868.                                             No. 12.

THEATRE. -- This evening Madam Scheller plays one of the grandest characters on the English Repertoire, Pauline in Bulwer's popular play of "the Lady of Lyons." No true lover of Drama should fail to witness this performance. Madam Scheller, by the Eastern Press, is considered one of the very best Paulines that have ever graced the American stage. She is in possession of a letter from Edwin Forrest, in which he says, that the scene in the third act, in her meeting with Claude, he has never seen equalled. Madam Scheller will appear as "Lisette" in the amusing musical Burlesque of "The Swiss Cottage," thus personating two entirely different personages.

A new theory about toads and things being found in cavities of rocks, is that, when they were very little they went into the cavity through a fissure just about their own size, and feeling comfortable there remained until they grew too big to get out.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, May 25, 1868.                                             No. 13.


In connection with the letting of the contracts for grading on the U. P. R. R. in this Territory, and the prospect of an early commencement of work thereon, much is being said about the relation of capital and labor. The relation is altogether a commercial one, and no amount of logic or sophistry can contort it into anything else. The hiring of a man to work at any occupation is as pure a business transaction as the buying of a hat or coat.

When a man wishes to employ laborers he goes among those he seeks to employ and offers to hire them, or in other words offers to buy their skill and ability. The persons to whom the application made then become the sellers and have a clear right to get for what they have to sell. that is their time, labor and skill, the highest market price, just as the merchant in his store has the right to the price he asks for his goods. Common honesty is the only element of religion or morality involved in the transaction. By no rule of the Divine Lawgiver is a man enjoined to give a particular individual among his fellow men the labor of his hands for less than he can get for it elsewhere, and a system that teaches such a doctrine must be a faulty one indeed.

In the present origanization of society labor and capital are mutually dependent, and their benefits reciprocal. Recognizing this principle, and acknowledging the full equality of labor and capital, Messrs. Nounnan & Co. have announced that they are ready to receive bids for sub-contracts on their section. Thus allowing all who wish to take jobs a chance to calculate for themselves and name their own prices. This is acting on the good old rule that there ought to be at least two parties to every fair bargain.

This is quite in contrast with the proceedings of the contractor for the other section. He announces the prices he intends to give, and the intimation or threat goes with it that these prices must be accepted. Truly this is an instance of allowing Hobson's choice. The true plan is the one that recognizes the good old doctrine that it takes two to make a bargain.


Salt Lake City, May 23d, 1868.            
Mr. Editor Desirous of ascertaining, by a personal inspection, the progress and development of mining interests at Bingham Canyon, I left Salt Lake City on Friday, the 15th inst., and after a pleasant trip, over an excellent road, arrived at the mouth of the Canyon. This Canyon is situated in the west mountains, about twenty miles in a southwesterly direction, from this city. A short distance above the mouth I found active preparations for mining work. Men were busily employed in the construction of a ditch, to conduct water for washing out the auriferous dirt. No mining has yet been done here, it being necessary to first obtain the hydraulics before progress can be made in extracting gold in quantities sufficient to justify working. Judging from the progress already made, in ditching, it will not be long before claims in this part of the Canyon can be thoroughly worked and tested as to their paying qualities. Above, this Canyon is open a short distance, and I found the houses of settlers, occupied in cultivating the soil, scattered along for about a mile. After passing these mountain farms, a turn in the Canyon brought me suddenly upon a mining scene in earnest. A deep shaft has here been run into the bowels of the mountains, and around the point, another. These two shafts are gradually approaching each other as the work progresses, and soon the miners, bursting through the barriers that seperate them, will "meet in the gloomy shades below." These men have been engaged since last fall, sinking to the ned rock. One of them informed me in mining parlance, that he "had not made his grub" until recently, but that it was now beginning to pay him. As a general thing, however, the miners are very reticent upon the subject, disliking to communicate any information to a stranger which may give him a correct idea as to the amount of gold taken out. Those who know little about the labor of mining, would have their ideas upon the subject considerably enlightened if they were to view the work done here. They might conclude that a miner's life was a life of toil and not always a "royal road to wealth," that the sub rosa part of it, though sounding well in a Ledger tale, existed only "in the mind's eye, Horatio" and that where one succeeds in making a fortune, a hundred fail. Still the development of mines must take place that the general prosperity of the country may be increased, and perhaps, the chances of making a fortune are not disproportioned to those in any other branch of industry. Of this we may however rest assured, that as long as gold is gold, men will always be found ready to risk life, everything, in pursuit of the terrestrial deity.

Proceeding up the Canyon to Eaton's mill I passed numerous sluices, washing tons of dirst and retaining the glittering particles, which vary in size from a pin's head to nuggets as large as the end of the little finger. Many shafts are subk far up the hill side and slides have to be constructed in which the dirt is brought down to the sluices. In places the water has been taken some distance by flumes and ditches to where it can be used, and springs have been opened on the mountains, thus increasing the supply of water.

One of the best paying claims is situated in the left-hand fork, above Eaton's mill, and is worked by a Company. The "clean-up" of Saturday night produced thirteen ounces, the results of about three days run. Large quantities of dust from the claim have already been sold in this city.

The Canyon presents good indications of gold. At some former period of the earth's history there has been a heavy wash, bringing down and despositing the precious metal throughout the soil.

One of the results of the advancing U. P. R. R. will be to develope the richness of this country in the precious metals and the various minerals, the extraction of which will add much to the prosperity of the country. Saturday night Jupiter Pluvius opened his flood gates and kept them open till Wednesday, seriously impeding work and causing every one to seek such shelder as he could find. The roads were somewhat heavy but I succeeded in reaching the city in good time, well satisfied with what I had seen on my trip to Bingham Canyon.
A. W. H.            

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, May 26, 1868.                                             No. 14.

THE LAND OF PROMISES. -- A friend sends us a note to the following effect:

Mr. Editor,
      Passing along Main Street last evening I overheard three of the brethren discussing your article on "Capitol and Labor," and one of them made the following remark, no doubt in allusion to the Pay he expected to get:

"Brother, this surely is 'The Land of Promise,' because ever since I have been here I have never received anything but promises."

DON'T UNDERSTAND THE SITUATION. -- The Territorial Enterprise, (Nev.) reprints the paragraph in our salutatory, defining the political position of the Reporter, and thinks it not very clear. The difficulty with the Enterprise man is, that he don't understand the situation. Here an advocacy of party principles, after the manner of the "States" papers could avail nothing, and it would be useless to do it even if we had the inclination to.

Our cotemporaries in the neighboring Territories, understanding the situation, give us a friendly word of greeting for which we thank them. What would the Enterprise have us do -- howl for "kinky-head" suffrage? If so, we can't oblige it. The ill-natured dig at the size of the Reporter in the article under consideration might have been left out. We'll remedy that little fault in about ninety days.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, May 27, 1868.                                             No. 15.

AN EXPLANATION. -- It sometimes happens that the Telegraphic news differs in the papers that publish it in this city, and we think it not inappropriate to make an explanation and let the public know how it occurs. The dispatches received in this city are made up in the East for the California Associated Press. They are taken off at the telegraph office here on manifold paper, and each of the papers furnished with a copy exactly alike, word for word. It often occurs that the dispatches are very voluminous, sufficiently so, to fill the largest paper published here, to the exclusion of everything else. When this occurs much of the news is of no interest to this community, and such part of it is cut out, each editor exercising his own judgment as to what he excludes. With this explanation it can readily be seen how the dispatches in each paper may differ.

INCREASING. -- The rate at which the subscription list of the Reporter increases gives us much satisfaction and creates an anxiety for the arrival of the time when, by enlargement we can give the friends of the little paper more for their money. We have been trying to stick a peg for enlargement day, but can't put it down exactly, however it will not go beyond three months from now, and we feel confident much inside of that.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, May 28, 1868.                                             No. 16.


Many and various are the conjectures as to the future of this country when the shrill neigh of the iron horse will be heard, echoing through the ravines and gorges of the Wasatch mountains. The steam engine seems to be looked upon, by many, as a sort of genii that will make changes, mysterious and great, by bringing to east and west to our doors. Great fears seem to be entertained that an irruption of thieves and the scum of society generally, will be brought into these valleys.

The question may be asked: What if they do? Why should we fear the results? All well regulated communities have the power to prohibit that which is opposed to the peace and good order of society. If the officers of the law are prompt in the execution of their duty, there will never be wanting law abiding citizens to sustain them. Ruffians and scoundrels can only secure the upper hand through the supineness and collusion of those who should execute the law. An efficient police organization, backed by a judiciary determined to enforce good order and punish the wrong doer, will go far to keep us clear of those evils afflicting the towns which have sprung into existence along the railroad. We have but few of their disadvantages to labor under. Adventurers and fugitives from justice were first on the ground, while the honest man, in search of a home and livelihood for himself and family, found the power in their hands. Unable to resist, he was, for a time, constrained to remain a silent spectator of scenes he could not prevent, until, by reinforcements, he was enabled to assert his rights through the strong arm of the Vigilance Committee. Vigilance Committees are the result of a state of society established, controled and carried on by outlaws, against whom the law abiding citizens find themselves powerless for resistance, except by such an organization.

But another class of men, the hardy pioneers of the western wilds, have already settled along the line of the railroad. The rocky barriers, forming the backbone of the continent, once deemed so uninviting, give way before the onward march of human progress, laying open to the gaze pleasant valleys and a fruitful soil which may be cultivated with no more labor than is required in the states. Thousands are looking to the country in and around the Rocky Mountains as their future home when the sale of public and railroad lands shall invite them. The attention of men, however, will not be confined to agriculture alone. The minerals, lying concealed in these mountains, will be brought to light. Agriculture will always hold her sawy, but Plutonic disciples will ever be found ready to secure the riches of the heathen god.

COMING TO IT. -- A Female Relief Society has been organized in Salt Lake City, the object of which appears to be to assist the wives of such men as have married more women than they can provide for. Several of the leading ladies in the city are at the head of the movement, and even President Brigham Young and D. H. Wells and Elders Orson Pratt, John Taylor, Wilford Woodruff, George Q. Cannon and other big guns of the Church of Latter-day Saints, have condescended to attend and countenance a ball given for the purpose of raising funds for the uses of the Society. The Mormons have been very anxious about the condition of the women of other cities of the nation for a long time and appeared to be doing nothing to take care of all the women of the nation, but after all their blowing it appears that the women they now have on hand have been obliged to form a society to provide for indigent sisters. -- Territorial Enterprise(Nev.)

NAUSEOUS BRAGGING. -- The Salt Lake Telegraph, in a string of hypocritical welcome and conceited braffing in connection with the anticipated emigration by the railroad says:
"Good buildings multiply and improve in style and quality every year. Morally, and socially, our city is one among ten thousand. The hydra forms of social evil do not flourish in our midst. The gay unfortunate does not flaunt her flashey finery in the face of the virtuous wife and daughter -- the public sentiment will not brook such degradation.

Here it is honor to the wife, not to the lorette. The reeking breath of the drunkard does not pollute our atmosphere, nor the oath of the profane shock the ears of our citizens.

It is satisfactory to see that such a city is desirable, even by those of our fellow citizens who do not know how to create such a city."
With our manifold business duties pressing upon us we have but little time to dispute or quarrel with any one, but when the fair fame of the hundreds of beautiful cities dotting the map of our country is assailed, it would be reprehensible in the extreme to remain silent and allow such shameful falsification.

Follow the lines of the railroad west from Buffalo, New York, or Pittsburg, Pennsylvania, and at very short intervals will be presented to you the most complete refutations of the silly insinuation that no one knows how to build and govern cities but Brigham Young and his Apostles. There you will find many cities and towns, much younger in years than this, but with a much greater population, and built of solid masonry and brick, and furnished with all the modern appliances for comfort and luxury. Water-works, gas-works, complete under drainage and all that, and these cities are well governed too, no man thinks of carrying bowie knives and pistols to protect himself. They are filled with law abiding citizens, and assassination is seldom resorted to for a redress of grievances, and it is most assuredly never counseled by the authorities, and what is more the men love and respect their wives. This slander of the population, outside of Mormondom, so constantly repeated by this Telegraph man, is vile and baseless and can only be indulged in with a deliberate intention to falsify, or to gratify a nature made morbid by a long continued groping after such things.

All of the Utah laity who understand the thing will hail the advent of the coming railroad, but the grin and bear it style in which the Telegraph man, and no doubt all those who have fattened on "isolation welcome it, is nicely let out in the following quotation, which we clip from the same article.
"Well, gentlemen, we can't help it. Our citizens have not sought such notoriety; but they can't help manifest destiny, try how hard they will, can't get out of the way of it."

We have secured the services of a gentleman of this city somewhat in the habit of driving the quill, to temporarily edit the REPORTER. In the meantime the publisher will be busily engaged in making the necessary preparations for enlargement.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, May 29, 1868.                                             No. 17.

MEN WANTED. -- Nounnan & Co., contractors for the section of the Union Pacific Railroad east from the head of Echo Canyon, have posted notices that in about three weeks they will want to employ several hundred hands. They say they will give good wages and pay cash. About one hundred and fifty teams have already been engaged by them and they still want from fifty to one hundred more.

As we understand the poster alluded to, the Company do not expect to commence work for three weeks on such a matter yet, but their office is open now and will remain open for the engagement of men and teams to go to work as soon as tools arrive and the necessary preparations can be made.

"SALT LAKE DAILY REPORTER." -- We have received Mos. 1 and 2 of a neat little daily paper, just started in Salt Lake City, by Mr. S. S. Saul, formerly editor and publisher of the Alameda County Gazette. It is to be a "non-Mormon" paper, and is intended to fill the vaccuum created by the collapse of the Vedette. Mr. Saul is a hardworking and efficient journalist, and if the Gentiles deal generously by the Reporter, he will make an interesting paper for them. -- Oakland (Cal.) News.

The Oakland News is published at our home in California, and we fully appreciate its kind compliments.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, May 30, 1868.                                             No. 18.

CONSULT THE DAUGHTERS. -- Brigham Young says he would rather see every one of his daughters sealed to Father Perkins, who is 85 years of age, than that any of them should be sealed to a wicked man (Gentile.)

ANOTHER KINDLY NOTICE -- J. W., who passed through this city in the fore part of this month, in writing to the Owyhee Avalanche, thus alludes to the Reporter and its publisher:
"By this time S. S. Saul, Esq. has produced the Salt Lake Daily Reporter from the remains of the old Vedette. I'm of the opinion he'll make the most reliable and useful Gentile paper ever issued in Utah. He is a practical printer and possesses that needful article in the business -- practical sense. Idahoans in want of a Utah paper will find the Reporter reporting everything of general interest transpiring in the Territory, and dished up in readable style."

Note: The correspondence of "J. W." was dated "May 18th" and was published in the Silver City Owyhee Avalanche of May 23rd. In addition to his reference to Mr. Saul's paper, the writer also said: "The Mormons have two daily papers -- Deseret News and Telegraph. They chiefly defend Mormon outrages upon Gentiles, and in a dirty way excuse their system of feminine debauchery, and publish a column or two of Eastern dispatches when the wires are working." -- "J. W." penned a similar letter that was printed in the Daily Alta California of May 26th, saying: "S. S. Saul, was formerly of the Alameda Gazette, of your State. The paper will be Union in sentiment, and if provoked to discuss Mormonism, will do it with no tender lines or honeyed words; but believing the days of that iniquitous system of debauchery are few and nearly closed, he will not make war on such a decreped and failing concern unprovokedly. It would be folly to do so, as it would not hasten its demise a single mouth. The Reporter purposes to represent truly facts concerning the Territory that will induce immigration from the States as well as from the alleys of the old cities of Europe."

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, June 1, 1868.                                             No. 19.

THEATRICAL. -- Saturday night "Enoch Arden" was produced for the second time, and to a crowded house. The playing was good, remarkably so, considering the piece, which cannot be classed higher than second rate, being both bodyless and spiritless, and not worthy the name of Tennyson's beautiful poem.

Madame Scheller's excellent singing and the magnificent tableaux were all that prevented the play from being tedious..

The Comedy, "When Woman Weep," was capital, and we dare say an audience never left Salt Lake Theatre in better humor than they did on Saturday night. Madame Scheller. Miss Colebrook, Mr. Lindsay, Graham, and Margetts, are deserving of the highest compliments for their natural rendering of the piece. Mr. Methua has our congratulations -- there is no question as to his ability as a dramatic writer.

Engineer Hodges, of the U. P. R. R., arrived in the City this morning with his company. Mr. H. has been in the Bear river country and his outfit is considerably dilapidated. He will remain here long enough to make repairs, when he will go to his new field of labors in Weber Canyon. The party are all in excellent health and spirits.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, June 2, 1868.                                             No. 20.



The Deseret Evening News of May 30th, under the above heading, laments in doleful strains over the prospects of "the missionary effort which is being made here." It thinks matters might be conducted differently. A little or considerable blood and thunder might be thrown in occasionally, just to stir the people up you know. Hear it. "Open opposition, zealous and undisguised attempts at proselytism, are not to be feared. Peoples' combativeness is aroused, and they are on their guard. Attack a man, assail his doctrines, and his conversion is not likely to follow." That's what's the matter gentlemen. If you can only succeed in getting up a quarrel between the people and the missionaries, the thing is sure. They must preach against the religion, abuse Brigham, and the peoples' combativeness is aroused. A very nice little programme, but it will not do. The quiet, Christian spirit in which the missionaries referred to are doing their work, assailing no one, denouncing no religion, but steadily pursuing the even tenor of their way and preaching the gospel of Christ, does not suit the advocates of a bad system. Such Christian-like conduct forms too marked a contrast with the proceedings at the tabernacle, where curses and anathemas are showered, like hail, upon all who have incurred the displeasure of Brigham Young. The divine precepts, hate no one, and forgive thine enemies, are not to be found in his catalogue. The News again says: "Such missionaries may be the kind that our enemies would like to see operate here; we would much prefer an open enemy -- a blustering, meddlesome, noisy lecturer for instance -- than one who works in the dark and keeps his wires concealed." The preference for one lecturer has been decidedly marked, as the records of the past will show. It was satisfactorily demonstrated to him that freedom of speech has no existence here and that his lecture might be interrupted by an armed ruffian with impunity. The purpose manifested in this whining of the News is apparent. It seeks to produce an impression upon the minds of its readers that somebody is doing something to injure them. The system which it upholds is in danger. It cannot stand the test when brought in contact with free principles of government and an enlightened understanding. The News also deprecates the establishment of a day school by the missionaries. It thinks the children may be led away "from the religion of their fathers," although it admits that no religious instruction is given in such school, that being confined to the Sunday school. Education has always been decried in this Territory until within a year or two past, and is stunted in its growth through checks placed upon it by church authority. Recently a spasmodic attempt was made, through pressure of outside opinion, to encourage education, but it may be judged with what sincerity when it is stated that, nothwithstanding the existence of a large school tax fund, no free schools have been established here.   B.

A GRAND SIGHT. -- The expected train, of Concord coaches from the East, for Wells, Fargo & Co., arrived in the city about noon day, and presented an imposing appearance as it moved through the streets of the city. The cavalcade stretched through the entire length of the business part of Main street, and consisted of twenty elegant coaches, each drawn by four fine horses. Everything about it looked well. Mr. T. F. Tracey, accompanied by James Stewart, Superintendent of the Eastern Division, in an open buggy, and two other buggies, containing Robert McComb, Col. Jack Gilmer and John Burnet, Division Agents, and Mr. Aaron Stein, met the coaches in the suburbs and preceded them through the city. Half these coaches and their stock go West and the other half North to strengthen the respective lines.

IN TOWN. -- We met James Stewart, Superintendent of Wells, Fargo's line, east, and Col. Jack Gilmer, Division Agent, this morning. They came in from the east on yesterday's coach, and will return tomorrow. Mr. Stewart reports the road in good condition, and, so far, no Indian trouble, although a few have, occasionally, made their appearance on the road. Mr. Stewart does not anticipate any trouble this summer, as the railroad graders will be up to Bridger's Pass in a few days, and the Indians will keep clear of the road when the odds against them are so great.

Brigham Young is announced as 67 years of age. His chief diet is a spare rib. He is a man of considerable family.

It is proper to say that B's Communication in to-day's paper was not written by any one in any way connected with the Grammar School of this city.

Note: The unidentified correspondent "B." penned an article that must have provoked some hostility among the city's LDS leadership and it is unclear why Mr. Saul permitted the printing of such an attack upon the local Mormon press, so early in the Reporter's existence. This was the most overtly critical piece so far published by the paper, though other articles of an equally accusative nature would follow. -- The Deseret News of May 30th did not mention St. Mark's Grammar School by name, but that institution was obviously the subject of editor Cannon's apostolic "counsel." He said: " a school, offer extra advantages to pupils, say nothing to which exception can be taken about religion, and if the design is to seduce children from the faith of their fathers, it is likely to be successful, if they patronize the school... if missionaries could get pupils to teach from among the Latter-day Saints, their success might not be so doubtful... We do not feel that there is the least necessity for us to utter any such warning... for every Latter-day Saint in Utah, who has any perception, knows full well what the pernicious effects would be of allowing missionaries of another faith to teach his or her children."

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, June 3, 1868.                                             No. 21.


It may be interesting to persons contemplating immigration into the country lying in and around the Rocky Mountains, when the railroad facilities offer inducements to learn something of the agricultural resources existing here. Until within a few years past it was entirely unknown to the people of the United States generally, that within the rocky barriers presenting such an uninviting aspect, lie many beautiful valleys, surrounded by snow capped mountains branching off from the range proper. The valleys are connected with each other by canyons or narrow gorges through the mountains and are supposed to have been cut by the water of a vast inland sea thus seeking an outlet. Some of these valleys contain miles of arable land with the richest soil to be found in any country. Such portions as have been brought under cultivation in this Territory yield rich harvests. Heavy crops of wheat are raised annually, besides other cereals and garden produce in great variety. The most extensive valley is that of the Salt Lake, in which is situated Salt Lake City. There is probably more land under cultivation, comparatively in this valley, than in any other throughout Utah. Here were made the first settlements and all the advantages which time and opportunity could give, have been made available in the cultivation of the soil. Wheat has been the principal grain raised, one half of all the land under cultivation being planted with that great essential to human existence. The average yield of the wheat crop is twenty-three bushels to the acre, but this has been exceeded in other valleys. A great variety of fine fruits are also raised here, of which the apple, peach, apricot, and plum are the most abundant. Apple trees seem to thrive best in this climate; peaches, with but few exceptions being juiceless and tasteless, not at all comparing with those raised in some of the states. Strawberries are also abundant, and some fine varieties are cultivated. In 1865 there were 426 acres of fruit under cultivation. The next valley in size and agricultural importance is that of San Pete. It has been termed the granary of Utah on account of the number of acres under cultivation and the amount of arable land within its limits. The yield per acre, however, but little exceeds that of Salt Lake Valley. The northernmost valley, that of the Bear Lake, bordering on Idaho Territory, has been said to yield forty bushels to the acre, and the wheat is large and of a superior quality. Besides these, there are some ten or twenty other valleys, containing a rich soil, extensive stretches of meadow land, with fine mountain streams running through them, which are available at all seasons of the year for irrigation, if necessary.

The climate is about the same as that of the middle and eastern states, in the central and northern portions of the Territory, and compares with that of the Southern States in the southern part. But little, comparatively, of the land is under cultivation, and thousands of acres are now awaiting settlers. No Government survey has yet been made of the lands, for market, but it is anticipated that this will be done at an early day. There is not a more inviting country in the world than that contained within these mountains, and many will undoubtedly avail themselves of its rich promise.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, June 4, 1868.                                             No. 22.

(From the San Francisco Times.)



The railroad will shortly be among the Mormons. It will be interesting to note the influence of Gentile emigration, which will soon be pouring through Utah, upon the "peculiar institution." The Mormon organ at Salt Lake evidently does not like the idea, but puts the best face on the matter. It tells its readers that contact with hostile influences will give Mormons the strength, confidence and self-reliance required to prepare them for their high destiny. It says
Adventurers may come and go; licentious, corrupt presses may publish; church edifices, containing pulpits filled with bigots, may be erected; we shall neither tremble nor object. This is a free land, and and while we have power in it, we mean that it shall continue free. So free that every man can think and speak and act as he pleases, so long as in so doing he does not intrude upon the rights of his neighbor. Men, if they do not like the "Mormons" and "Mormonism," can so express themselves. They have done so before; it is probable they may do so again. Words break no bones. But they must keep hands off. That's all
Yes; and it is very probable that after the railroad reaches Salt Lake, Mormons will have to learn a new lesson, and keep their hands off people who do not like superstition and polygamy. The railroad will utterly destroy the present absolute power of the Mormons' hierarchy, and they know it; but it will also make the chiefs -- and especially Brigham Young, who has secured the lion's share of everything in the Territory -- rich men, and this fact has doubtless resigned them to the loss of their power.



May 30th, 1868.           
Editor Reporter: -- You may be surprised at receiving a communication from this point. I was led into writing you by hearing your paper frequently called for, and by seeing the Greenbacks paid over yesterday, by subscribers desiring to read the news from the "City of Sinners" and I think a few days will show no small list of subcribers, for a new town. I say "new town,' perhaps you are not aware that we have a town here, in this mountain region; let me inform you we have a city. A live city has just sprung up here, at the point where the Railroad crosses Green river, and where they will establish headquarters the coming season. 600 men are now working grading, etc., just below here and 1000 men are expected daily at that point. Then, above and just opposite, heavy work is to be done, enough to keep 5000 men employed all season. The heaviest work yet encountered by the company they find "just above and below here."

The city is laid off by old hands at the business, who are determined to make it the leading town of the mountains. H. M. Hook, the first Mayor of Cheyenne, and one of the most prominent business men, is President, Frank Gilbert of your place, Secretary. All the company, in fact are men of experience, from Leavenworth to all points in the mountains.

The Company have long been looking to this point, as the one from which Idaho, Montana, Utah and South Pass must get their supplies from, the coming season; and all, with the exception of Utah must depend upon this point, until the iron horse finds its way from this "radiating point." From here by Snake River, to Idaho and Montana, the distance to most of the points in those Territories is less than from Ft. Benton, and of course much time can be saved by shipping freight from here after the season.

Measures have already been taken to have a Post Office established; the mails are now passing through the City. Contracts have been made for the building of stores, dwellings, etc., for the making of adobes, and hauling of timber and rock. A saw mill has been sent for, and men are at work cutting timber for building purposes, all the way from here to the head of the river. All seem to think and, from their actions show their determination to have a town of no mean pretensions in as short a period as possible.

The Town Company donated yesterday twenty one lots to parties pledging themselves to build good durable buildings. Any person can now get a lot by paying a fee of five dollars who shows a determination to work and desires to erect for himself a good business or dwelling house.

As an evidence that the town is something of a business point, your fellow townsman, Wm. Showell, who always seems to be stirring, sold here in two days, upwards of $2,300 worth of merchandise. Perry & Bros. whose large train passed here yesterday, made lively sales, there not being supplies here equal to the demand, their train was resorted to. Gilbert & Bros. are doing a lively trade, purchasing from trains passing and thus keeping up their stock until their goods arrive.

Any man wanting work can without doubt find it here at once. If lumber could be obtained, 500 mechanics could find ready employment. As it is, until saw mills arrive, the city must depend upon abobes and rock, of which there is a full supply of the finest kind in the rear of the town.

I will close by giving some of the names of Salt Lakers now here. I see Frank Gilbert, Wm. Showell, H. B. Wheat, S. J. Anthony, Jo. F. Nounnan, Tone Windsor, Spencer, etc., besides a goodly number of the "latter-day-ites.' Hoping to receive your valuable paper regular when the coach arrives.

EASTWARD BOUND. -- Twenty wagons from Grand Round Valley, Oregon, containing the families and household goods of the owners, arrived in town to-day and are stopping at the California corral. They are on their way to the East.

Mr. Hodges, of the U. P. R. R., whose arrival in this city we noticed a few days ago, has got his dilapidated wagons and tattered camp equipage into good condition again, and will leave with his party for his field of labor, along the line of the contract's recently let in Weber Canyon, and Eastward.

In a few weeks the REPORTER will be enlarged to double its present size.

PERSONAL. -- As it seems impossible to get along, except with the exercise of a foolish mawkishness, without noticing our local co-temporaries, it occurs to us that it would be well enough to say a word or two about the matter. The neat appearance of our first number, and the half diffident bow we made in it, to the public, and especially the gentlemanly salute we made to our local cotems, led us to flatter ourselves with the anticipation of a gentlemanly notice from them, (the cotems) but that little anticipation was nipped in the bud, it never was realized. Almost anyone else would have read the folks guilty of such bigoted littleness, and lecture on good manners, but after some reflection we concluded to treat the matter as the man did who got kicked by the mule's father, and we've felt better ever since.

We have received the first copies of the Salt Lake Daily Reporter published by S. S. Saul, formerly of the Gazette. The Reporter presents a fine typographical appearance, and is of non-Mormon proclivities. Mr. Saul is capable of getting up a good paper and we trust that he has found a favorable locality for his enterprise. -- Alameda (Cal.) Gazette.

Note: The Deseret News and Stenhouse's Telegraph at first pretended there was no successor to their old journalistic enemy, the Vedette, even though Mr. Saul's new paper's staff occupied the same office in downtown Salt Lake City, and prepared the Reporter on the former newspaper's equipment. The Telegraph was the first to break silence and to occasionally print some passing reference to the Gentile sheet. The News did its best to keep up the ignoring game, and only stooped to admitting the Reporter's existence in a handful of rare instances.

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, June 5, 1868.                                             No. 23.


It has been the object of certain newspapers in this City, for some years past, to misrepresent the condition of affairs at home and abroad. According to their statements, no good existed upon the face of the earth, outside the boundaries of Utah Territory. Eagerly seizing upon everything which their morbid appetites for crime and licentiousness induced them to seek in their exchanges, and digesting it into a mass of misrepresentation and falsehood, they served it up to poison the minds of their readers. Always seeking the dark side of the world's character, they could find nothing good outside the narrow sphere of their own littleness and egotism. In the interests of certain men, controlling every action, their energies were devoted rto a systematic course of deception. Nothing is so thoroughly contemptible as a venal press. It was necessary that the people should be kept in ignorance of the true state of society abroad, therefore its most repulsive features were presented to them, while all the good and pure was carefully kept back. Truth and candor should have induced them to give a fair exposition of the questions which they undertook to discuss, that both sides might be presented to the public. Totally devoid however of those principles, which manifested by men towards their opponents, testify to true greatness of character, they have ignored all such claims, or have noticed, only to insult and condemn them. The acts of philanthropic men are world-wide in their notoriety. They stand inscribed in imperishable characters upon the record of the past and are not to be ignored. Institutions of learning free to all, insane asylums, homes for the aged and destitute, hospitals and public libraries, with many other charitable works, exist as monuments of liberality and beneficence. Wealthy men have thus devoted a portion of their riches to the benefit of their fellow citizens. What a contrast does this present to the actions of men who feed upon the vital energies of the people, and bestow the substance drawn from them upon the parasites and fawning syncophants to be squandered away. Assertions have been made that in the states virtue was at a discount and that throughout society licentiousness reigned supreme. Never was a baser libel published upon the character of any people. Men, who write thus, view everything through an atmosphere arising from the exhalations of their own ignoble purposes, which presents the object distorted to their vision. The acts of government officials sent to this Territory have been villified and misrepresented, not only to excite and mislead the people here, but to convey incorrect impressions concerning their conduct abroad.

Judges whose uprightness and integrity are proverbial have been assailed in scandalous terms because they refused to prostitute their offices to serve the purposes of a few individuals. The files of these journals will show that but one judge has escaped their villifications and he was obsequious enough to accept an appointment as delegate to Congress.

INDIANS ON THE RAILROAD. --Through the kindness of a friend we are permitted to make the following extract from a letter written by Gen. Clampitt, special agent, from Laramie City:

"The Indians are causing considerable trouble on the the road between Laramie City and North Platte; stealing stock and attacking trains whenever a good opportunity is given them. As yet they have not troubled the stages, the railroad seeming to be the great objective point."

WHAT DOES IT MEAN? -- Mr. Gray, consulting engineer of the Central Pacific Railroad, arrived in the city yesterday. The object of his visit to the city has not been made public, but we surmise there must be something more than ordinary on the tapis in railroad affairs, as ex-Gov. Stanford, President of the same company, will arrive in the City from the west in a day or two.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, June 6, 1868.                                             No. 24.


The mineral resources of Utah have been but partially and imperfectly developed. That the mountains in the Terntory are rich in mineral wealth is a fact beyond doubt. The baser metals are known to exist in great abundance and various attempts have been made to work them. These efforts have been, in a measure, unsuccessful, owing to a lack of knowledge on the part of those engaged in the work as to the proper method. The iron mines, situated near the southern part ot the Territory, in Iron county, are very extensive and the ore is said to be of the richest description. If the railroad company should establish machine shops and other works in Salt Luke valley, these mines will undoutbtedly be thoroughly worked and the products made available for whatever purposes required. Lead mines have also been found south of Salt Lake City, and an ample supply for home consumption has been extracted therefrom.

The demand is limited, but the facilities soon to be afforded of transports by rail will give an impetus to further developments of these mines.

Copper also abounds, a lead having been discovered in Bingham Canyon, while sinking a shaft for gold. The transportation of this metal east or west, may perhaps be an enterprise worth undertaking, depending of course upon the supply and demand in those markets.

The coal mines of Utah are valuable and important. There will always be a ready and profitible home market for coal. The supply will equal the demand. Timber decreasing rapidly every year, the difficulties in obtaining it becoming greater and its value proportionately increasing, coal will become very valuable. The coal mines most extensively developed at present are situated at Coalville, near tne Weber river, about forty-five miles a north-easterly direction from Salt Lake City. But liitle progress, however, has been made in the development of these mines. It is thought that the mountains bordering the Weber valley river abound in this mineral, and being near the proposed Iine of the railroad, an easy means of transportation can be obtained to market. Extensive coal fields are also said to exist in the mountains around Green river and throughout that country.

Silver mines have also been discovered in Cottonwood Canyon, about twenty miles southeast of Salt Lake City, and good indications found in other places. Smelting works have been erected, and the results are satistactory to those engaged. Much difficulty has, however, been experienced in consequence of there being no fireclay with which to construct furnaces. Large quantities of silver have been lost in consequence of the material used for this purpose not being able to stand the intense heat required. This, however, will soon be remedied. Gold discoveries have been reported in various parts of the Territory, but, owing to circumstances, it has been found impossible to develop many of them. Fine placer diggings are now being worked in Bingham Canyon, and large quantities of gulch gold taken out. The whole country bears evidence of a mineral character, and no doubt other developments will be made from time to time, and minerals yet unknown to exist here be discovered

REFUSE TO WORK. -- At meetings held in the 13th and 14th Wards, in this City, to procure men to work on Brigham Young's railroad contract; a "show of hands" revealed only six men willing to work for him at his terms. Verily, "tithing orders" are at a discount.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, June 8, 1868.                                             No. 25.


The attention of the public is so concentrated upon the railroads, now fast converging to a common centre, that the matter seems, for the time, to have been forgotten. And yet, the successful solution of that question will undoubtedly affect the interests of this Territory. Salt Lake Valley occupies a position in the Territory more northern than central, and the business of the road may perhaps extend over a radius of fifty miles, upon each side of the central station. It is about four hundred miles from this City to St. George, the most important settlement in Southern Utah, and it is about one hundred miles from there to the head of navigation on the Colorado. This large extent of country will, eventually, be obliged to have an easy and reliable means of communication with the outside world. The climate is said to correspond with that of the Southern States. In summer it is hot and dry. In winter no snow falls, but the rains are heavy and the weather mild. Cotton can be raised there very successfully, and cheap transportation would go far to encourage the raising of that staple article. There are said to be many fertile strips of land along the Rio Virgin and Muddy rivers. Settlements are being made and land taken up in those localities, and it is anticipated that sugar cane, sweet potatoes and nearly every product of the Southern States can be raised there. Already the citizens of Nevada and California have organized a company, to build a railroad from the Central Pacific, on the Humboldt river, Eastern Nevada, to the head of navigation on the Colorado. This is but the continuation of an enterprise undertaken about two years ago, by the merchants and business men of California, to open navigation upon that river. A cargo of merchandise was shipped, by that route, to a merchant in this city but, owing to want of cheap overland transportation, the affair proved a failure. With a railroad starting from some point on the Union Pacific Railroad in Salt Lake valley and running south, to the head of navigation, the Colorado could be made available for the transportation of every article required from southern California.

Ideas are entertained that for some years to come, freight cannot be transported from the Pacific by rail in any very great quantities, because there will be only a single track, although that no doubt will be remedied at an early day by the laying of another. Much delay therefore must occur in the transportation, and the quantity of freight be, to some extent, limited. If, in addition to this, merchandise has to be transported south in wagons, the expense and delay will be much increased. Successful attempts have been made to navigate the Colorado with light draught boats. Merchandise has been transhipped from steamers to these boats, at the mouth of the river, and taken thence to a point within one hundred miles of settlements on the Rio Virgin. But few difficulties have been met with upon the trip, which, as far as the navigation of the river is concerned, was a satisfactory one. Buildings have been erected at the head of navigation and among them a large, substantial warehouse. Thus the nucleus of a town has been formed which may in time become a large commercial city and an emporium of supplies for the southern parts of Utah and Nevada as well as other territories.

PERSONAL. -- Ex Governor Stanford arrived in the coty yesterday by the stage from the West, not looking a bit travel worn: he seems to have stood the trip exceedingly well. The Governor is the President of the Central Pacific R. R. Company, and he is no doubt here to look after its interests.

Mr. [Legh] Freeman, "of the Laramie Plains," and co-proprietor of the Frontier Index, dropped in on us this afternoon. He is on his way to the State of Virginia.

Note: The Reporter staff had reason to be wary when Frontier Index co-proprietor Legh R. Freeman walked through the office door. In the May 22nd issue of his Laramie newspaper he had strongly insinuated that General Connor (founder of the Vedette and the god-father of its successor, the Reporter) had murdered Dr. Robinson, a prominent Gentile citizen of Utah Territory. Future relations between the Index and the Reporter would become decidedly unfriendly.

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, June 9, 1868.                                             No. 26.


A meeting of influential citizens of Salt Lake City, interested in the location of the Union Pacific Railroad, was held at the banking house of Hussey, Dahler & Co. last evening. On motion of Warren Hussey, Esq., J. M. Carter was elected chairman.

The object of the meeting being explained by the chairman, Mr. Robertson introduced the following resolutions, which were unanimously adopted:
Resolved, That the citizens of Salt Lake City are requested to assemble in mass meeting in front ot the Salt Lake House, on Wednesday, the 10th inst., at 7 o'clock p. m., for the purpose of taking under consideration matters connected with the Pacific Railroad passing through Utah Territory.

Resolved, That a committee of seven be appointed to draft resolutions to be submitted to the mass meeting for the consideration of the people.
Whereupon the chair appointed the following gentlemen said committee -- General D. H. Wells, Hon. Geo. Q. Cannon, J. R. Walker, T. B. H. Stenhouse, Warren Hussey, Henry W. Lawrence and R. H. Robertson, Esqrs.

On motion of N. S. Ransohoff, Esq., that a committee of arrangements be appointed, the chair appointed N. S. Ransohoff and A. Godbe, Esqrs., said committee.

On motion of Stenhouse, the committee on resolutions were instructed to ascertain the amount of land within the limits of the city, or contiguous thereto, that could be procured, with the view of presenting the same to the railroad companies for the purpose of erecting thereon a depot or other buildings necessary to the conduct of their business.

On motion of Mr. Street, the Secretary was instructed to furnish the papers of the city with a copy of the preceedings of this meetings and request them to publish the same.

On motion of Mr. Robertson, adjourned to meet in front of the Salt Lake House on Wednesday next, at 7 o'clock p. m.
A. W. White.                
The following gentlemen have been invited to address the citizens: --

Governor Durkee, President Brigham Young, President H. C. Kimbakk, Col. Head, Hon. John Taylor, Judge Strichland, Hon. Geo. A. Smith, Hon. Geo. Q. Cannon, Hon. Albert Carrington, Maj. Hempsted, Thomas Marshall, H. W. Naisbitt, Esqrs., Col. J. C. Little, Bishop Ed. D. Wooley, and A. W. Street, Postmaster.

MASS MEETING. -- In another column will be found the proceedings of an impromptu railroad Meeting held last night. These proceedings embrace a call for a Mass Meeting to be held to-morrow evening in front of the Salt Lake House, and as it will be the first mass meeting ever held in this city for the purpose of consulting upon the public interests, we presume it will be largely attended.

CHANGE OF TIME AND PLACE. -- We have been requested by Warren Hussey, Esq., to announce that the Mass Meeting to-morrow will be held at the new Tabernacle at 5 o'clock p. m., instead of at the time and place named in the resolution of the meeting held last evening.

NATIONAL TICKET. -- Freeman, of the Frontier Index and "of the Laramie Plains," has raied the name of Brigham Young for President of the United States, and the Deseret News compliments him for his astute statesmanship in so doing. Now we take the liberty of completing this Utah Ticket by nominating him "of the Laramie Plains" for Vice-President. This mighty man "of the Plains" must not imagine for a moment sinister motives in our part. Nobody about this establishment looks for anything. We suggested a chance to the devil, but even he shook his head negatively.

THEY CAN'T SEE IT. -- A gentleman from Cache Valley informs us that the people there are generally adverse to working upon the railroad under Brigham Young's contract. A feeling of distrust prevails and people are not satisfied with fair promises so often broken in the past. Burnt children dread the fire.

JOHN W. KEER, ESQ., ELECTED CASHIER OF MINERS NATIONAL BANK. -- The directors of the Miners' National Bank have appointed John W. Kerr, Cashier, in place of Jo. F. Nounnan, resigned. Mr. Nounnan still retains his interest in the bank, but from the fact that his time will be occupied for several months in the prosecution of the railroad contract, it will be impossible for him to discharge the duties of Cashier of the bank.

From the well known integrity, carefulness and economy of William Kiskadden, Esq., the President, together with the financial ability of Mr. Kerr, the bank must prosper.

A quantity of gold dust was brought into town yesterday from the mines at Bingham Canyon and sold to a banking house here.

Note 1: The planned Wednesday citizens' meeting was quite obviously co-opted by the Mormon leaders. Since Brigham Young had been invited to speak at the meeting, in the first place, the change of venue probably did not much effect the content of the speeches and discussion.

Note 2: George Q. Cannon, in the Deseret Evening News of June 8th, said: "We had the pleasure of a visit to-day from Legh R. Freeman, Esq., ... He is now on his way back to the front of the U. P. R. R., where the "press on wheels," the Frontier Index, sends forth its spicy issues. 'Legh' can lay claim to advancing the most sensible idea on statesmanship that we have seen for some time, is raising the name of President Young as candidate for the Presidency of the U. S."

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, June 10, 1868.                                             No. 27.


The question of wages, in connection with railroad contracts, is exciting universal attention throughout the Territory. The letting of the contracts, the benefits expected to result therefrom, gave great satisfaction. Bright anticipations for the future were indulged. Merchants beheld a lively trade and well filled coffers in store for them. Mechanics, plenty of work and good pay. Laboring men, steady employment and an adequate remuneration for their services. Nounnan, Orr & Co., with commendable spirit, have advertised for men and teams, offering fair wages and prompt payment every month. A ready response has been made to their call and more teams have been offered than they require. Laboring men are eagerly seeking exployment from them, and there are good prospects of the firm obtaining all they need without the least trouble. The action of the other contractor has been a curious one. Seemingly fearful that he cannot make enough out of his contract otherwise, he takes off a certain percentage from the prices paid him by the railroad company and advertises for bids at the reduced figures. The word bid is certainly a misnomer in the sense in which he uses it. The common acception of the word, with reference to a contract, is an offer or a proposal to do a certain work, in the manner and subject to the conditions specified, at a price to be estimated by the party making the bid. The sense in which it is used by him is "I fix the price at my figures, you may take the job or not as you please. Thus the purchaser becomes the seller also, both offering to buy and fixing the price of the comodity. Certain of securing for himself a large sum by the operation, he expects men to furnish their labor and run all the risk. They may make something or they may not, that is no concern of his. A scheme has been devised which, if carried out, will shift the risk from the shoulders of the contractor and throw it upon the laborer, who may work for months and then find he has earned a sum too insignificant to support his family. Meetings have been called by the bishops, and the working men requested to organise themselves into companies or associations, and take sub-contracts. After deducting expenses, the profits are to be divided among them according to the amount of work performed by each individual. The scheme has, thus far, proved a faolure, none being willing to assume the risk and go blindly to work. The poor man cannot afford to speculate upon his labor. His capital is too limited and he looks to the proceeds of that labor for the support of himself and family. His expenses amount to a certain sum per month and it is necessary that he should receive that sum in order to meet those expenses. A comparison has been attempted between wages here and those given in the States and England. No comparison can be made. Necessaries of life are higher in this country and wages should be proportionate. When the capitalist undertakes an enterprise, requiring labor to carry it out, he should assume those risks upon which he is seeking to make a large percentage, and properly remunerate his workmen by the payment of a certain specified sum per day.

AN ERROR. -- An impression has obtained in many quarters that there was but one contract let here by the U. P. R. R. and that Brigham Young got it. The truth of the matter is that there were two contacts let of about fifty miles each, and Nounnan & Co. (Gentiles) took one and Brigham the other. Brigham commences at the mouth of Weber and runs to the head of Echo. Nounnan & Co.'s commerces at the head of Echo and runs in the direction of Bridger.

CHANGING THE ROAD. -- To-morrow Wells, Fargo & Co. will commence work on the road running through Parley's canyon, preparatory to the transfer of the eastern stages from the road through Weber canyon on to that road. The change is to be made in order to be out of the way of the railroad graders.

Governor Stanford and Gray started early this morning for Weber, These gentlemen intend to inspect the line of operations of the U. P. R. R. in the Weber and Echo Canyons. They will be absent from the city several days. Governor Durkee and M. A. Carter went with the party.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, June 11, 1868.                                             No. 28.


On Monday evening last an impromptu meeting was held in the bank building, on the corner of Main and Second South streets, J. M. Carter was elected chairman and Mr. A. W. White, secretary. The meeting was quite spirited, and expressed a strong preference for the Main Line of the Overland R. R. to pass through this city. The proceedings were conducted after the manner in which such things are done in America: set of resolutions were adopted, and arrangements were made, by the appointment of committees, etc., for a Mass Meeting to be held on Wednesday (yesterday) evening, at seven o'clock, in front of the Salt Lake House.

By a process unknown in localities where the people are the sovereigns, this primary meeting and all its doings were expunged, rubbed out, squelched, and a meeting ordered by Brigham Young in the new Tabernacle at 5 p. m. of the same day on which the one was to be held in front of the Salt Lake House. During the day runners were dispatched throughout the city to deliver the order for the people to assemble, and at the appointed time there was a large crowd at the Tabernacle. At about half-past five Mr. Hussey was called to the stand. After a little bustle among the managers, Mr. Hussey nominated Brigham president of the meeting and he was unanimously elected. Col. Head was made vice-president, and Mr. Pomeroy, secretary. Messrs. A. W. Street and Thos. Marshall were called to the stand by Brigham and came forward and took seats on it. Messrs. J. R. Walker, J. M.Carter and R. H. Robertson were also called, but did not respond. A committee on resolutions was appointed, which retired to perform its duties, and in its absence several speeches were made. Brigham made the first. He said he was in for the R. R. and always had been, and that he wanted it to come to Salt Lake City, and he would help build it, provided he was well paid. He gave his full and unqualified assent to the building of a road across the continent. We felt much better after he did that; we feared he might not be willing and we'd never have a road. After Brigham, came Mr. Head, whose eloquence was commensurate, perhaps a little more than commensurate, with the mighty topic. He enveloped the great project in a luxurious oriental style that was quite charming in these matter of fact times, but he forgot entirely to mention the little circumstance that the route by the north end of the Lake is seventy miles shorter than that by the south end, and indeed this small item was entirely overlooked by all the speakers; perhaps its consideration would have spoiled the rhetoric. Facts are ugly things when they don't lean to our side.

As Mr. H. concluded, the committee on resolutions appeared, and made their report. The resolutions, which were adopted without debate, welcome the U. P. P. R. to the borders of Utah; ask that the road may be brought to this city; promise ground for a depot and shops, and want the R. R. to be a national benefit, not a means of enriching individuals.

After the vote on the resolutions, Thos. Marshall, Esq., was called out and made a speech, containing much of the Fourth of July oratory which is always so highly relished by American citizens. Mr. J. Taylor next read a quite able and commendable speech.

In answer to loud calls Mr. Hussey appeared at the Speaker's stand and he was like Grant, and bowed himself away. Geo. A. Smith then swallowed the railroad quite gracefully, and made a neat, witty little speech, quite in contrast with the lumbersome sermon he preached last Sunday. Geo. Q. Cannon closed up the affair with a re-hash of his yesterday's editorial.

The meeting adjourned, sine die

Grading on the U. P. R. R. to the vicinity of Green river is progressing rapidly. Mr. Carmichael has 500 men at work on his contract, on Bitter creek. The new town of Green river is located on the east side of the stream, directly opposite the stage station.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, June 12, 1868.                                             No. 29.


Bingham Canyon, June 1st, 1868.              
Gold is always an interesting subject, and a few notes from Bingham may not be uninteresting to the readers of your valuable paper.

Not having the wherewithal to ride with the agreeable and gentlemanly proprietor of the "Bingham Canyon Express," I left the city on foot, by way of Jordan Bridge, but fortunately overtook a couple of gentlemen in a wagon, who kindly gave me a ride as far as Messrs. Heaton & Co.'s saw mill, and as we came up the Canyon I had a good opportunity of observing how much work has been done at taking out the "root of all evil.' Immediately at the mouth of the Canyon are several claims newly opened, with ditches already cut from the creek, but it being the Lord's day the miners like good christians were at home, if wagon boxes with covers over them can be called by that endearing name, and I therefore could not tell how many persons composed the different companies; a short distance above I noticed a deep shaft, with fine wash gravel. This mine improves rapidly as the shaft descends. A short distance higher up, on the left hand side of the creek, is another claim at which I noticed a rather primitive blacksmith shop, that is, a small canvas bellows and a hammer; still higher up is the claim of Messrs. R. & Co., who intend working it by hydraulics. Next above is the claim of Messrs. M. & Co., who are at present employed in digging a large ditch to their claim, also for hydraulic purposes; they expect to have 60 feet fall, and persons who have worked with hydraulic power inform me that 40 feet is all that is required; their claim extends 1,000 feet down the canyon and by next fall they will have a very handsome return for their labor. Above them is the claim of B. & Co., they have a ditch a mile long and their daily yield of gold is very satisfactory. Then comes the claim of Messrs. P. G. McW. & W., which is said to be the richest claim in the canyon, and I have no doubt they lose considerable gold in their shoot. Some two weeks since they let a contract to Messrs. K. & Co. to bring a ditch to their claim, which, when completed, will be the longest in the canyon, it being nearly if not quite two miles long, and I have no doubt they will take out a very large sum of money this summer and they deserve it, for they are not only hard working men but clever and agreeable companions, and a stranger never leaves their cabin hungry. In a few days tou will hear from me again.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, June 13, 1868.                                             No. 30.

Governor Stanford and party returned to the city yesterday evening, all in good condition We understand that the Governor will remain in the city two or three days, then go west and return here in about three weeks.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, June 15, 1868.                                             No. 31.

PERSONAL. -- Jesse D. Carr, of the Gabolais Rancho, Monterey County, Cal., arrived in this city by the overland coach on Saturday evening and left this morning by the coach for the West. Mr. C. has been to Washington to look after the title papers to his lands in California, and returns with a U. S. patent in his pocket for eleven leagues in Monterey county.

Seth Wilbur Payne, the pedestrian, arrived in the city this morning, in first rate health and spirits. Seth is on a little journey around the world, and he intends to write a book when he gets to the end. Of course Salt Lake city, and its people will occupy quite a section of his book, and everybody had better put his best foot forward.

LEAVING. -- An ox train of about forty wagons from San Pete county, arrived in the city yesterday and left for the terminus of the U. P. R. R. to-day. These wagons are filled with "Josephites" who are changing the place of residence from this Territory to Jackson county, Missouri. This train is intended to bring a back load of emigrants.

Note: By July 23rd Seth Wilbur Payne had arrived in San Francisco and was planning to cross the Pacific Ocean. Payne was conicted of libel in 1872 and was sentenced to jail for four months -- that topic forming the subject matter of his announced book (rather than his travels to Utah and elsewhere). He later became editor of the Jersey City Payne's Sunday Press.

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, June 16, 1868.                                             No. 32.

THEATRICAL. -- Mme. Scheller will appear as Laura Cortland to-night in the great Sensation Drama of "Under the Gaslight, or Life and Love in these Times." It is a piece full of stirring and startling incidents, in fact it possesses the most exciting scene that has ever been introduced into any play. When the Railroad Express train passes over the track, upon which Snorkey is bound by the villain Byke, just at the nick of time rescued by Laura, the effect is so thrilling that the audience generally rise from their seats, frantic with excitement. Of course everybody will go and see this play.

Note: Augustin Daly's 1867 play was perhaps the first instance in performance art in which the villain (the black top-hat attired Byke) tied a victim to the railroad tracks in front of an onrushing train. The plot line would turn up later in the movies, in such films as "Teddy at the Throttle" and "Barney Oldfield," (but with a male hero performing the daring, last-second rescue).

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, June 17, 1868.                                             No. 33.

INDIANS. -- The passengers, who arrived by coach from the east last night, report that about two hundred Souix Indians were in the vicinity of Pine Grove Station, east of Bridger's Pass, when they passed, and had robbed a party of emigrants of their provisions and clothing. The coach was detained at Pine Grove station all night, through fear of an attack. Where are the Peace Commissioners?

POLICE. -- William Thompson was brought before Justice Clinton this morning, charged with a violation of the law prohibiting the sale of arms and ammunition to the Indians. An interpreter having been sworn, two Pi-Utes were placed upon the stand and, after a considerable amount of dialogue in the Ute, Shoshone, and Snake dialects, the fact was elicited that said Thompson "swapped" a gun with a small bore for one with a large bore and a buckskin to loot. Mr. Lo's testimony being conclusive, Mr. Thompson was fined $75 and committed until he should pay it.

GOT BACK. -- Tom Pitt arrived home this morning sound in mind and body. He says everything went well with him, and that he has nothing to complain of except a little matter of about fifteen hundred dollars, that he was swindled out of for tolls. He says that in many places where teams have heretofore got along without any trouble, cheap grades have been made, and trifling bridges have been erected for the sole purpose of bleeding freighters and travelers. Tom complains bitterly of these harpies and declares in very strong language that they ought to be cleaned out, and we declare so too. Just think of fifteen hundred dollars tool on about forty wagons from Salt Lake to Laramie.

The gross imposition provoked Tom to instruct his teamsters to come back on their muscle past all places where a charter could not be shown, and the teamsters will be fully justified in carrying out their instructions.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, June 18, 1868.                                             No. 34.


The question of co-operation is now receiving considerable attention throughout the United States and England, and has recently been agitated in this Territory. The object of it is, the combination of capital with labor, by the formation of societies of working-men to carry on various branches of business, and to divide the profits among them in lieu of wages. As is generally the case with all new enterprises, the press has been made the medium through which various ideas have been advanced to facilitate the practical working of the affair. The New York Tribune has the following in its editorial column:

"The continuation of the letters on co-operation which we publish herewith, gives practical hints for applying the system to Provision Clubs, Saloons, Stores and Libraries. The essentials to success are -- 1. Honesty of management. 2. A sufficient number of members living near each other. 3. Public inspections of all accounts by members, customers, inquirers and shareholders. These, with common prudence in buying and selling, insure a rate of increase in profits and returns which, at first sight, would seem fabulous, but which experience has shown to be natural and necessary."

Many are apt to rush into a new enterprise without sufficient care and forethought, having no fixed plan of action and no knowledge of those business rules, the observance of which is so essential to success. Such has been the case in this Territory with the co-operative stores. Associations were formed in the various settlements to carry on the business of merchandising. Goods were purchased at a high figure, stores were opened and men placed in charge of them who were incompetent to fill the possessions. The most of them had acquired no experience in the business and were incapable of keeping the accounts necessary to furnish such information as would make a proper division of the profits among the shareholders possible. This state of affairs resulted in continual losses and finally in ruin. Proper management is therefore essential to success. The circumstances and situation of the shareholders often prevent them from taking an active part in the business and sometimes from making any examination into affairs. They are compelled to trust wholly in the honesty and capability of a few individuals. This opens the door to dishonesty upon the part of those employed and is productive of serious losses to the shareholders. A certain number of the members should live near each other so that they can at all times exercise a careful supervision over the business and the conduct of their employers and consult together for the general good. Careful management and attention to the essential rules will enable associations to accomplish much through the co-operative system.

ON THE WAY. -- We have been informed that Co. K. of the 36th infantry, is on the road and will arrive at Camp Douglas about the 21st prox: Two other companies of the same regiment will follow soon, and the 36th will be distributed between Camp Douglas and Fort Bridger. The abandonment of the Powder River country to the Indians has caused the transfer of these companies to the above-mentioned posts.

STARTING OUT. -- John Gillespie's ox train of eight wagons started this morning for the terminus of the railroad to bring back a load of freight and Mormon emigrants. The teams are mostly from Tooele County.

Gen. Gibbon has ordered the Frontier Index away from Fort Sanders. -- St. Louis Democrat.

Note: In the Reporter of Oct. 6, 1868 S. S. Saul took note of a developing "embargo to be placed upon all trade with 'Gentile' merchants" of Salt Lake City and other Mormon population centers. The local mercantile "co-operative system" that the Reporter editor had pondered in June had become something of a monster by summer's end. The LDS Fall Conference speakers made it clear that non-Mormons were not not to be included in the incipient "ZCMI" scheme (except in selling out their businesses) and the potential Mormon customers in Utah Territory would no longer be making their purchases from "Gentile" establishments. Oversight of the entire scheme would, of course, devolve upon managers who were also officials in the Mormon Church. "Careful management and attention to the essential rules" would be left in their hands, and "associations [accomplishing] much through the co-operative system" would depend upon how successful the LDS leaders were, both in conducting business operations and in controlling the buying habits of Church members.

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, June 19, 1868.                                             No. 35.

PERSONAL. -- Governor Hunt, of Colorado Territory, arrived in this City from Fort Bridger yesterday. The Gov. is not here on official business. He is one of the pioneers of the Rocky Mountains. Twenty-two years ago he passed through this Territory, and he just run over from Bridger, where he has been in connection with Indian affairs, from a curiosity to see the place after a lapse of nearly a quarter of a century.

The Gov. has some excellent ideas upon the Indian question.

General Kit Karson, who died at Fort Lyon, Colorado, May 23 of heart disease, was 65 years of age. He was reared in the family of Daniel Boone and remained until he was 17 years of age in Boonelick, Mo. He has since been in the great west, and the name of no man of the age is more frequent in wild romance and historic records of the border than his. He was brave to rashness and yet unobtrusive; generous, frank and loyal. His wife and four children are at Fort Lyon.

Five teams arrived this morning with four families, emigrating to Kansas from California. They left Latrobe and Diamond Springs on May 13th, and expect to make Kansas their future home. They have with them a few head of loose stock, and four horses to each team.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, June 20, 1868.                                             No. 36.


The voice of the people should always have a controlling influence in the affairs of a free government. As goverbors derive their just powers from the consent of the governed, and are not independent of those who placed them in power, these facts are a salutary check upon them, serving to restrain the "avarice of ambition," and preserve, in a great measure the rights of the people. It is extremely difficult for men, who have lived many years under a despotic government, to thoroughly appreciate the great benefits of American liberty and the superiority of American institutions. It requires years of contact and familiarity with the institutions and Government of the United States, to obtain a correct understanding of the great fundamental principles by which they are supported and of their practical bearing upon the rights of mankind. One of the most dangerous events that could happen to the existence and prepetuity of Republican principles, would be the centralization of power. In the diffusion of power throughout the various co-ordinate branches of government, lies the safeguard of the Constitution. The Executive and Legislative branches are a check upon each other, while the Judiciary is a check upon both, it being the great supreme tribunal, in which the constitutionality of these laws is decided, which is the duty of the legislature to pass and the executive to execute. Citizens of foreign birth, who have resided but a short time in the Territory, are apt to be deceived by the appearance of Republican institutions without the reality of their existence.

THE CENTRAL PACIFIC RAILROAD. -- To-day's dispatches from the West contain information of importance concerning the Central Pacific Railroad. It is evidently the intention of the Company building that road, to make every effort towards completing and controlling it as far as Salt Lake. They evidently do not intend that the Union Pacific Railroad shall outstrip them and encroach upon ground which they regard as justly belonging to them. They expect by the 1st day of July, 1869, to run their cars into Salt Lake Valley. The rivalry between the two Companies has already been a benefit to the public in the increased amount of road built in a comparatively short space of time to what it would have been if no comprtition had existed; and if it causes the completion of the entire road in a year's time less than was first calculated upon, so much the better.

The New York Tribune, in speaking of the nominations, says Grant will run far ahead of the most popular candidates on local tickets. It concedes Hancock, in case of his nomination, one-tenth of the volunteer soldiers' vote, and nine-tenths of their paroled prisoners. It says that Democratic soldiers may hold off for a time on paritzan grounds, but the calumnies that the Democratic press will heap upon Grant will compel them "to vote as they shot." In the eight successive Congressional campaigns of Colfax, he has been pitted against the strongest men of the Democratic party, and been beaten but once, the first campaign, and that only by 238 votes.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, June 22, 1868.                                             No. 37.

DIED. -- Heber C. Kimball, one of the Presidents of the Mormon church, and second in authority and rank to Brigham Young, a man known and honored among all disciples and believers of that faith, died in this City at his residence this a. m., after an illness of several days of paralysis, at the ripe age of sixty-eight. The estimation in which he was held by the masses of the people here of his own persuasion was evinced this morning by the general sadness which prevailed as the news spread abroad that this Patriarch of the Church was no more. It was likewise seen in the display of numerous flags at half-mast from many stores and public buildings throughout the City. The present is not a time to enter upon a critical estimate of President Kimball's life. Certainly not to review it in a manner that could by possibility wound the feelings of any as they stand around his bier. Of him it can in truth be said by all, however widely they may have differed from him in life, that he was a fearless and devoted, if not always a discreet champion of the Church to which he belonged -- that he was both honest and earnest in his convictions -- that he was incapable of playing the part either of a hypocrite or synciphant for any cause; and were he to-day alive no man could better estimate and distinguish between genuine sorrow at his loss and the insincere parade of it.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, June 23, 1868.                                             No. 38.


The Central and Union Pacific Railroads are making gigantic efforts to outstrip each other in the race to Salt Lake, and with their near approach the question as to which route they will take becomes one of great interest. Whether the Companies have determined upon going North or South of the Lake has not yet been made known, but we have no doubt that the question will be settled betore long. The advantages and disadvantages of both routes will of course influence the decision. It has been urged against the route by the South end of the Lake that it is seventy miles longer than that by the North end, but this has been disputed. Still, if it be true that the Northern route is the longest, may not inducements be found sufficient to overcome that objection. If the main line should be run through Salt Lake City, there will be a great influx of people, and the necessities of the increased population will enlarge the business of the road. A considerable amount of freight will have to be brought here in the shape of merchandise and other articles required by the inhabitants of a then very large town, and the carriage of passengers will be an item in the business of the road. Men will come here from various parts of the country, pre-empt land and raise grain and other farm produce which will have to be sent East, or West to a market. The mining interests around Salt Lake City also require the benefits of an enterprise which will assist in their early and rapid development, and they cannot fail indirectly to prove a source of profit to the Railroad Companies. It it will pay to build a branch line, it certainly will to extend the main trunk to this City, and by that means secure the money which will otherwise be thrown into the hands of another Company. It is said, by those who have gone over the ground, that the route by the North end of the Lake is not preferable to that by the South end. The Goose Creek mountains are reported as presenting difficulties to be overcome on the former, greater than any which may exist on the latter. By the South end of the Lake the road will run over a level country for miles, with only a few ranges of low hills between here and the sink of the Humboldt. A portion ot the country around the Lake is soft and marshy during a part of the year, and trestle work over such places will probably be necessary, but aside from this the Southern route apparently presents more advantages than the Northern.

CITY CREEK. -- This stream is rising rapidly owing to the melting of snow in the mountains. An effort was made to have the water carried into the Hot Spring Lake and so prevent the flooding of property near Jordan river. The aqueduct now saves property on Jordan street from the damage to which it was formerly liable when the water rose. A railing of some kind should be placed along the sides of the duct to prevent children from falling into the stream. The current is very swift and when once in, there is but little chance of saving them. The loss of life which has already taken place should prove a warning against future negligence in this respect.

FINANCIAL. -- "Carrots and Sich" still continue to be the circulating medium, but it is thought they will fall below par when "those greenbacks" arrive on railroad contracts. Tithing office orders are at a discount, as the payment of several have been refused.

The funeral of the late Heber C. Kimball will take place to-morrow at 2 o'clock p. m. in the new tabernacle.

We have been quite busy moving for two days and will be a day or two more. We expect to issue the first Reporters from our new location over the Miners National Bank on Thursday next.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, June 24, 1868.                                             No. 39.


The important topic under consideration throughout the United States, at present, is the prospects of the candidates for the Presidency. Exchanges contain dissertations upon the merits and qualifications of their particular candidates and the advantages to the country at large attendant upon their election to that high and responsible office. Republican papers declare the Grant and Colfax ticket to be a strong one, and predict the certainty of its success at the approaching presidential election. This nomination has been received with much enthusiasm all over the country, and will find many supporters even among the democracy, unless the Democratic Convention to be held in July, nominates a man certain of support from the whole democratic party. There are several candidates for the democratic nomination, and the friends of each are sanguine that their favorite will be the man. Pendleton, of Ohio and Chief Justice Chase are said to be the strongest men and it is considered that one of the two will be put in nomination. The Washington special correspondent of the New York World has sent to his paper what he claims to be an authoritative statement of the platform of Chief Justice, upon which he is willing to accept the democratic nomination and go into the presidential chair. It is strongly democratic, with the exception of the negro suffrage plank, which will probably be taken out as he cannot hope for support from the democratic party while he retains it. It is evident from the past conduct of Chief Justice that he has sought for the democratic nomination, that by attaining to the highest office in the gift of the people, his declining years may be surrounded with the honors of the chief magistracy. To accomplish this he has been obliged to recede somewhat from former principles, and occupy a new position. The mantle of Republican principles has been thrown aside, and he now stands arrayed in a patched coat of democratic policy with a few threads of republican principles sticking out of the dilapidated garment. He has made his bid, and it now remains ro be seen whether it will be accepted or not. Mr. Pendleton will probably receive the warm support of the Democrats, having been an able and efficient worker in the cause, and having foresaken no principles formerly held, he stands upon the old democratic platform. Rumors are in circulation that a plan is on foot to put Andrew Johnson in nomination, on the Democratic ticket, the object being to secure the votes of Southern States and the support of many in the North who, it is supposed, will favor such a scheme. Mr. Johnson however having gone into office upon the Republican ticket and through the support of that party can hardly expect to be received at this late day as an apostle of Democracy, and to be placed in the Presidential chair by that party. Events portend a warm canvass this fall.

LEADING MORMONS. -- A clause in the telegram giving an account of the R. R. Mass Meeting held here on the 10th inst., is published in the eastern exchanges thus:
"A large and enthusiastic railroad meeting was held in the Tabernacle, and addressed by Brigham Young, Colonel Head, General O'Connor, and other leading Mormons."
The Cheyenne Leader says:

Who General O'Connor may be, we have no means of knowing, but the Colonel who is classed among other "leading Mormons" was sent to Utah as Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Utah, which is probably the reason why he is found in the Tabernacle with Brigham."

Note 1: The Cheyenne Leader of June 15, 1868 goes on to say: "Utah is anxious to become one of the stars on the American flag. So Utah has been anxious for years, but it does not appear the American flag reciprocated this virtuous anxiety. Let them have the railroad by all means, and lot them also become a star, so that Brigham may be estimated in the same proportion as he becomes known."

Note 2: The report of the Salt Lake meeting must have been wired by the Salt Lake Telegraph, to have been received in Cheyenne so quickly. Why the paper would allow a misprint of "General O'Connor" is puzzling. The Salt Lake journalists knew very well who Geo. Q. Cannon and Gen. Connor were. The misreading of Cannon's name probably occurred in the Cheyenne telegraph office. Col. F. H. Head was indeed Superintendent of Indian Affairs for Utah in 1868, as stated. The Leader editor also would have been familiar with Gen. P. E. Connor, and appears (from other comments made in his paper) to have disliked the man.

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, June 25, 1868.                                             No. 40.


Green River, D. T.            
June 22nd, 1868.            
Ed. Reporter, -- Our party arrived at this place on Saturday, after a rather tedious trip from Salt Lake. On our way from your city to the head of Echo Canyon we overtook and passed numberless outfits on their way to work on the line of the U. P. R. R., in Weber and Echo Canyons. The Contractors had already began work in Echo Canyon, some fifteen miles above the Weber station, and were rapidly preparing to do the same from the mouth of Weber to the head of Echo Canyon. The whole route through Echo Canyon was a scene of busy life to us, recalling days gone by and in pleasing contrast with the dullness and stagnation of business in Utah for the past two years. As yet along the line of J. F. Nounnan & Co.'s contract nothing has been done. They are making preparation however to get to work with a will by the 1st proximo. It seems that they have a much easier part of the road to work than Brigham. They have, however, a huge undertaking on hand. Our party wish them success. They are certainly deserving of great praise for the enterprise they have manifested.

From the end of Nounnan & Co.'s work to Bridger there is very little doing. At Bridger there was considerable going on. Gen. Auger & staff had arrived a few days before and had effected a treaty with the Indians that had been assembled there to meet them. We understood that there were from one to two thousand Indians camped about the Fort, the day we arrived there. We sincerely hope that the treaties that have recently been made will prove beneficial to this mountain country; for the red man has certainly been a great obstacle to its settlement and progress.

The next point of interest, after leaving Fort Bridger, is Green River City, a town that has sprung up as if by magic within the short time of a month. Town lots are selling from $5.00 to $250, and there is much demand for them. The large body of the population, as yet, is from the West and the South Pass Country. As the R. R. approaches a great rush is expected from the East. Building is greatly retarded for the want of lumber, the nearest point to procure it being Fort Bridger, which is distant sixty-five miles. Some efforts have been made to float rafts down Green River, but up to this time they have proved a failure.

The demand for labor here appears to be great. Contractors for ties are paying $60 per month and board. Carpenters and other mechanics are getting from four to seven dollars per day.

We understand that the great R. R. meeting which took place in your City did not effect much. There is a story current out here that a prominent lawyer of your City, who made a speech on that occasion, became a "Brother" in the Mormon faith by baptism on the day after, and is now a candidate for the United States Senatorship from Utah when she becomes a State in the Union, and "enjoys those rights of which she has been deprived by being kept out in the cold so long."

Fearing that I have already overstepped the limits allowed for correspondence and promising to write again, I am, yours, etc.

The funeral of the late Heber C. Kimball took place yesterday. The funeral procession left the late residence of the deceased about 3 p. m. and proceeded to the new tabernacle, where the burial services were performed. The procession then reformed and returned to the premises of the deceased, where the remains were interred in the family graveyard. Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather a large concourse of spectators were present to witness the ceremony.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, June 26, 1868.                                             No. 41.


June 15th, 1868.            
Ed. Reporter: -- The claim next above the one mentioned in my letter of the 13th belongs to Mr. C., he has an inclined tunnel 140 feet and a shaft some 25 feet deep. I am informed he has prospects to justify him in erecting a hyrdaulic. The claim adjoining him is owned by Mr. B. who is running a tunnel in from the level of the creek. The next claim above is owned by Messrs. L. & Co., who have a large claim, having purchased 600 feet for the purpose of getting the right of way for their long ditch which I believe is some 15 or 1600 feet long. It is said their claim is one of the best in the Canyon. Above them is the claim of Messrs. M & Co., they have done considerable work, and have been well paid for it, having taken out nearly $400 in one week. They have built themselves a commodious house immediately opposite their claim. Above them there are a succession of claims owned by four different companies, all of them being tunnel claims. The highest one up the Canyon is said to be the richest. Early this spring, during that very long rainy spell, their operations were cut short by a heavy bank of earth caving in and completely shutting up the mouth of their tunnel. They have been several weeks clearing out the rubbish, and last week commenced work. May they do well, for they are deserving of it.

In Carr's Fork the Pioneer Bedrock Flume Co. have only been a week at work, but durirg that period they have done sufficient to prove that they thoroughly understand their business. In the left hand fork, or, as the miners call it, Main Bingham, there are some 9 or 10 companies at work.

During the time I have been here I have seen many persons leaving the Canyon prefectly disgusted, not only with the place but with the people in it, some would say that they could not find a piece of ground big enough to sit down on, it all being claimed. Nu,bers of those who left never took the pains to examine the laws of the two Districts; if they had, they would have found that every miner is entitled to 3 claims, in each District but which in reality is only one, they hold a creek, bar, and hill claim, and are required to dump or run their tailings on their own ground -- the creek claim is necessary for its water privileges and without the bar claim, the hill would be valueless, as they would have no ground to run their tailings on -- there is but little trouble in regard to claims, as there has been but one Miners Meeting since I came here; I understand however there is one ordered for next Sunday. Last week a party left here for the head of Butterfield Canyon on a prospecting tour and were very successful, having found a gulch very rich, they elected one of their own party the Recorder, made laws (of course) to suit themselves and are busily engaged mining, all of them being returned Sweetwater-ites. How are grasshoppers in the city? If you are running short, we can spare two or three six mule team loads, without the least inconvenience.

We will complete the removal of our office to the new location to-day and issue our paper from there to-morrow.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, June 27, 1868.                                             No. 42.

SETTLED. -- An engineering party of the Union Pacific R. R. Co. is now engaged locating the line of that road on Promontory Point. This settles the question of the route around the lake -- it goes to the North.

Promontory Point is situated about forty miles north of this city and fifteen or twenty northwest of the mouth of Weber. It is the end of a peninsula formed by the Lake and Bear River Bay. The route crosses the Bay at a narrow and shallow part, which is easily piled. From the Point the route will follow the Peninsula, and so go around the North end of the Lake, or cross the Lake, making an almost direct line to Humboldt Wells.

WE HAVE MOVED. -- To-day we issue the REPORTER, for the first time, from our new location in the Bank building, on the corner of Main and 2d South streets. The situation is pleasant, commanding a fine view of the surrounding country. To the east we look out on Camp Douglas, with its back ground of lofty snow capped mountains, and down into Main street. The principal business thoroughfare of the city. To the west we have a fine view of the west mountains, including Bingham Canyon, somewhat noted for its auroferous deposits; and of the country on the "other side of Jordan." We like the place, and will be happy to see our friends at any time they may be pleased to give us a call.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, June 29, 1868.                                             No. 43.

EXPLOSION. -- A kerosene oil lamp exploded last evening, about eight o'clock, in the restaraunt kept by D. Works on 2d South Street, while several persons were at supper, causing a general stampede from the place. No one was injured and the fire was extinguished with but trifling damage. Loss, one table cloth and a lamp.

We are informed, by Mr. Kiskadden, that Jos. F. Nounnan, Esq. is at Laramie, to-day, shipping goods and tools to the scene of Nounnan & Co.'s grading contract, beyond Echo Canyon. As soon as they arrive work will be commenced. A gang of men are expected to leave this city on Thursday, and others will follow as fast as required for the work.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, June 30, 1868.                                             No. 44.

COLORADO RIVER NAVIGATION CO. -- The Utah and Arizona Steam Navigation Company has been lately organized in California for the purpose of conveying freight to these two territories by way of the Colorado River. The Company propose to ship freight from San Francisco, in sailing vessels, to Port Isabel at the head of the Gulf if California. At that place it will be transferred to stern wheel steamers of light draft and conveyed to Callville, at the head of navigation on the Colorado. These steamers are now being built at Stockton, California. The Company propose to deliver their first cargo of freight at Callville about the fifteenth of August next at the latest and they claim that the rates of freight from San Francisco to Salt Lake City by this route will be one third less than by the old Southern route via Los Angles. The advantages of this route to Southern Utah and Arizona, will probablt be great.

Merchandise can be freighted to those sections of the country much cheaper than by any other routes. There is no doubt, now the matter has been taken seriously in hand by capitalists in California, that a large and flourishing trade will be carried on by way of the Colorado river. A railroad, intersecting the Union Pacific Railroad at a point somewhere in this valley, and terminating at the head of navigation on the Colorado, will probably be constructed at an early day, and will still further increase the amount of freight and business by way of the route.

We received a call yesterday from A. H. Todd Esq., superintendant of the Utah and Arizona Steam Navigation Co. who is now on his way to San Francisco, from the east.

RETURNED. -- Mr. Able Gilbert returned some days since from a lengthened trip East. Mr. Gilbert is an old merchant and resident of this city and his return will be welcomed with pleasure by his many friends.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, July 1?, 1868.                                             No. 45.

The cost to Government for transportation on the Union Pacific Railroad, eastern division, in 1867, amounted to $511,906.24. If the military supplies were wagoned, and mails carried by stage, and the troops inarched (taking the average rates at which Government made its transportation contracts for that year as shown by certificates of the departments ot the Quartermaster General and the Postmaster General), the total cost would have been 1,358,291.06. Saving to Government in 1867, $846,382.82.

Note: Exact date and full content of this article remain undetermined. It may have appeared in the Reporter on July 2nd or 3rd.

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, July 2, 1868.                                             No. 46.

A gentleman arrived yesterday, from Bingham Canyon, who informs us that good pay is being taken out at the forks of the canyon, by Heatin's mill. Nuggets from one to six dollars in value are washing out. Men are now working at the head of the Butterfield gulch, and report says, are doing well. Good pay has been found in Pine gulch, heading from Bingham Canyon, and running towards Tooele City. Good prospects have also been found in North Canyon. At the mouth of Bingham Canyon, a ditch two miles long will be completed, in about five days, when the bars at the mouth will be thoroughly washed and tested. In Carr's fork, Bob McCall is running a drain ditch to the bed rock, which he will reach soon, and is satisfied with the prospects.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, July 3, 1868.                                             No. 47.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, July 6, 1868.                                             No. ?

The establishment of Wells, Fargo & Co. in this city was represented on the streets early in the day, by a turnout of ten magnificent grays, attached to a carriage draped with American flags, and driven by Charles [sic - John?] S. Burnett, who handled the ribbons beautifully. During the forenoon the employees of the company, and a number of citizens occupied the carriage and rode through the streets. In the afternoon Crezall's band was driven around and delighted the ears of the citizens with fine music. The turnout was a splendid tribute to "the day we celebrate."

Between the two contracts recently let by the Union Pacific Railroad Company to Nounnan & Co. and Brigham Young, is a piece of rock and tunnel work, which the Railroad Company have let to Miller and Patterson, and we understand they intend to go to work on it about the 10th instant. Rock and tunnel work requires more practice and skill on the part of the contractors than ordinary grading, and this job his been given to Miller & Patterson because they have had a great deal of experience in that kind of work, they having been engaged on it by the Union Pacific Railroad Company alone for over a year. One of the members of this firm, Patterson, was in the city two or three days last week, engaged in making arrangements to prosecute their work. We learn that they want to hire five or sx hundred hands, including a large number of quarrymen and men skilled in mason work.

Yesterday morning, as the hospital steward at Camp Douglas, Lucius O'Brien, was removing a Springfield rifle from a shelf, by some means unknown to him the piece was discharged, the load entering his left arm and fracturing the bone in such a manner as to render amputation necessary. The operation was performed by Dr. Meacham.

Note: The exact date of the last two news items remains undetermined -- they may have been printed a few days earlier.

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, July 7, 1868.                                             No. ?

There are only about thirty miles of the Council Bluffs and St. Joe Railroad uncompleted.

One hundred Chinamen in town, laying in supplies; bound for Montana.

Note: The exact date of these news items remains undetermined -- they may have been printed a few days earlier.

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, July 8, 1868.                                             No. 50.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, July 9, 1868.                                             No. 51.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, July 10, 1868.                                             No. 52.

The rains of yesterday and last night came in the very nick of time for the gardens, crops and fruit. There must have been but little necessity for irrigation this season, owing to the frequent rains, which have come alone at almost exactly the right time to save work in that line.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, July 11, 1868.                                             No. 53.

The Union Pacific Railroad will reach Green river this Fall, and in all probability the terminus will be there during the next Winter. There are six hundred people there now, beside the railroad men in the victcity, amounting to five or six hundred more, and it is not unreasonable to guess that the population of the place will amount to several thousand this Winter.

Green river is clearly an excellent objective point for the business men of Salt Lake, and we feel safe in saying that no better consignor could be had than Durant.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, July 13, 1868.                                             No. 54.

The Cheyenne papers are felicitating themselves upon the prospects of the Rocky Mountains becoming a place of Summer resort for the denizens of heated and overcrowded eastern cities. They think that in a few years Saratoga, Long Branch, Newport and other fashionable watering places of the present day will be played out, and that nothing will satisfy the upper crust of society in the States but a trip to the Rocky Mountains. The recent excursions to Laramie Plains have apparently given rise to these ideas, and sent the papers of the Rocky Mountain territories east of us going upon the subject; but they do not contemplate anything beyond their own localities. This is all very good as far as it goes, but, in our opinion, it rather stops short of the full extent to which such excursions may be carried upon the completion of the railroad. There is probably not a better place for Summer resorts in the United States than around Salt Lake. There are places near the lake, as well as islands of considerable extent in the lake itself, open to pre-emption, upon which first-class hotels could be built for the reception of tourists and persons seeking relief from the cares of business during the hot Summer months. Boating upon the lake would be a fine amusement for parties to engage in, unattended with the dangers which surround similar affairs upon the ocean, or the large inland seas of the United States. Miles may be sailed over, while the background of lofty mountains, covered in many places with eternal snows, forms a beautiful and picturesque scene. Bathing in the lake may also be indulged in with perfect safety, many places being shallow for some distance, and it is impossible to drown if a person can only keep his head above water, it (the water) being of such density as to enable any one to float upon it with ease. There is no fishing, for fish cannot live in the excessively salt water of the lake, but trout streams abound in the mountains around, and disciples of Isaac Walton will find no lack of sport in trouting. About fifteen miles south of Salt Lake, at the head of Cottowood canyon, there is a large fresh water lake upon the very top of the mountain which, sinking into a basin, in the center forms the bed of the lake. The waters are clear, limpid and cold as ice. Groves of trees surround it, and extend their inviting shades to the heated denizens of the Plains. A July day, excessively hot in the low lands, will here be found cool and invigorating. Trout abound in the lake and in the mountain streams near, and Winter reigns upon the mountain tops around, while cool canyon breezes fan the heated valleys morning and evening. Other places of a similar character may be found in Utah, and as a place of Summer resort this Territory is ahead of any other in the Rocky Mountains.

Note: The dating of this editorial may be in error. It was perhaps published on July 11th.

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, July 14, 1868.                                             No. 55.

We are reliably informed that on the 4th of July, Gen. Augur concluded, at Fort Bridger, a treaty with the Shoshone and Bannock Indians; by which they agree to go on to a reservation as soon as the Government can make arrangements for their removal. In the interim they will remain at Fort Bridger, in the care of the Indian agent there. The Government provides them with the usual mission house, schools, mills, blacksmiths, mechanics, etc.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, July 15, 1868.                                             No. 56.

JOSEPHITE TRAIN FROM UTAH. -- A train, consisting of twenty-three wagons of Josephite families, on their way from Utah and Idaho, to Missouri, Iowa and Illinois, arrived in this city last evening. We conversed with several of the members of the train and found them intelligent, well informed men, with a strong feeling against what they term the wrongs, abuses and injustices of the Mormon Church. The Josephites are anti-Polygamists, and claim to be the only true Mormons and faithful followers of the teachings and doctrines of Joseph Smith. They assert that the portion of those who acknowledge Brigham are not true Mormons, but Brighamites; and that he is not a true prophet, or the legitimate successor of the head of the Church; but an imposter who, in the name of the Church, make arbitrary laws for his own worldly advancement and gain. -- Cheyenne Leader, July 8th.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, July 16, 1868.                                             No. 57.

NEW TERMINUS. -- Westward comes the P. R. R. with almost miraculous speed. In reference to the new Advertisement of the company, in to-day's Reporter, it will be seen that on next Monday trains will run from Benton. Benton is almost one hundred miles west of the present terminus and within three hundred and sixty miles of this city.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, July 17, 1868.                                             No. 58.

Westward comes the Union Pacific Railroad with almost miraculous speed. On next Monday trains will run from Benton. Benton is almost one hundred miles west of the present terminus and within three hundred and sixty miles of this city.

Four teams, and the same number of families, passed through the city to-day, en route from Missouri to California. Their animals looked remarkably well, considering the long and tedious journey they have performed. We understand that a large number of emigrants are on the road bound for Calilornia.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, July 18, 1868.                                             No. 59.

A party of engineers of the Central Pacific Railroad arrived in the city from the West by the Overland coach on Saturday. The party consists of L. M. Clement, C. L. Stevenson, J. L. Taylor, Edw. Murray and Fred. King. The party is in charge of Clement, and we understand has instructions to commence operation at Promontory Point, and survey westwardly, or rather in the direction of Humboldt Wells.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, July 20, 1868.                                             No. 60.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, July 21, 1868.                                             No. 61.

We had the pleasure of a call yesterday from C. H. Hempstead. Esq., United States Attorney for Utah. Mr. Hempstead was formerly Major of Volunteers and stationed at Salt Lake, where he has resided for the past six years. The Major has occupied several high positions in California, having been Superintendent of the Mint and Secretary of State. We understand that in a short time he proposes to return to California and make this beautiful State his future home.

Note: Charles H. Hempstead (1867-1871) came to Utah in a military capacity as a member of the Third California Infantry or Second California Calvary under Col. Patrick Edward Connor when Abraham Lincoln called for volunteer units from California to replace "home guard" units in Utah in August 1861. Hempstead served as editor of the Camp Douglas daily newspaper, The Union Vedette. After Connor’s troops established the Fort, U.S. Territorial District Attorneys occasionally called upon the Army for assistance in quartering prisoners or helping to maintain public order. --- Hempstead was appointed U.S. Attorney for Utah in 1867 by President Andrew Johnson. Hempstead resigned as U.S. Attorney in 1871. On September 28, 1879, the Deseret News announced: "Maj. C.H. Hempstead, for many years a resident of this city and a prominent member of the legal fraternity, died at his residence in the 17th Ward yesterday afternoon. He had been suffering for a long time from a stroke of paralysis, which partially deprived him of the use of his limbs and death resulted from the same cause."

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, July 22, 1868.                                             No. 62.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, July 23, 1868.                                             No. 63.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, July 24, 1868.                                             No. 64.

The exactness with which Wells, Fargo & Co.'s coaches arrive and depart, upon time, is particularly commendable. Yesterday while in the office of the Company, we were informed that the Northern Stage was due at three o'clock. It then wanted but one minute of that time. The hands of the clock had no sooner indicated the hour of three, than the stage drew up before the door, punctual to the minute. The management of the various stage lines, and the business W. F. & C, is entrusted to skillful and competent men; which makes them superior to any other Express Company in the United States.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, July 25, 1868.                                             No. 65.

A large party of Union Pacific Railroad folks arrived in the city this afternoon, including General Dodge's escort of United States troops, in command of Captain Wells. The gentlemen of the party directly connected with the road are J. L. Williams, T. J. Carter, J. Buckensderter, Jr., M. C. Williams, M. S. Gosseline, and Louis von Trebea. The whole party, soldiers and all, are in excellent health. J. L. Williams is a Government Director of the company. He has passed over the entire length of the road by easy stages, and has inspected it as to location and construction closely and carefully, and he expresses himself highly satisfied with both, especially the location; he is of the opinion that it could not have been excelled, and that the work of the engineers is entitled to the highest praise. He pronounces the construction of the road equal to any other, except where temporary wooden structures have been thrown across creeks and ravines, but all these are to be removed at a very early day and strong stone work put in their stead, and the read will then be one of the most substantial in the country. General Dodge is now at Benton, and will be here about the middle of next week. His escort is quartered at Camp Douglas.

On the morning of the the 24th, a young man named Chas. Rasmussen, while walking along one of the streets, was struck on the top of his bead by a rifle ball. The rifle had evidently been fired in the air, and the ball descended with such force as to split it in two. It is not known who fired the gun, and it was probably done by some person in another street. The young man was badly hurt, and was conveyed to the residence of his parents, where he received medical attention. He is reported as being much better to day. He is said to be peculiarly unfortunate, having been wounded once or twice before on the 24th of July.

Twelve men, who have been engaged in the railroad strike at Green river, passed through the city to-day. They are striking for some country west of here, where they intend to make another strike on the Central Pacific Railroad, or whatever else offers.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, July 27, 1868.                                             No. 66.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, July 28, 1868.                                             No. ?

The grasshoppers have at last taken flight. Many gardens and orchards present a complete picture of desolation. Trees are entirely stripped of their leaves, and the fruit is left exposed to the sun. The hoppers have eaten into a large quantity of fruit, and rendered it unfit for use, and in some places the ground underneath grape vines is covered with bunches of grapes, which have been nipped off by the sharp mandibles of the insects. A gentleman, whose potato tops were devoured, was obliged to go on an exploring expedition after the roots, all above ground having been cleaned off. A few more visitations will sweep off everything green, and give nature the appearance of a premature Fall. They went to the northwest.

Note: The date on the above item is uncertain -- it may have been published on July 25th.

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, July 29, 1868.                                             No. 68.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, July 30, 1868.                                             No. 69.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, July 31, 1868.                                             No. 70.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, August 1, 1868.                                             No. 71.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, August 3, 1868.                                  No. 72.

Louis McLane, President of Wells, Fargo & Co.'s Express Company, arrived in this city yesterday at six o'clock P. M., en route for California. He is accompanied by his daughter, and they will remain in this city several days. They were only two and a half days coming from Benton, the terminus of the railroad, to this city.

James J. Tracy, General Superintendent of the stage department of Wells, Fargo & Co., is also en route, and will arrive here in a day or two.

Note: The date of the above reporting is uncertain.

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, August 4, 1868.                                  No. 73.

Helena, August 4th.                        
The election yesterday passed off quietIy. The average Republican vote in this city is 657, while the average Democratic vote is 901. J. M. Ellis, formerly of Salt Lake, was elected to the Assembly on the Democratic ticket.

Note: The publication date of the above item may have been Aug. 5th.

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, August 5, 1868.                                             No. 74.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, August 6, 1868.                                             No. 75.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, August 7, 1868.                                             No. 76.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, August 8, 1868.                                             No. 77.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, August 10, 1868.                                             No. 78.


The following is the full text of the bill recently passed by Congress in reference to the holding of courts in this Territory. If brevity is a virtue, this bill is a very virtuous one. However, it is, no doubt, sufficient for the purpose intended, and with its assistance all complaints at the want of courts and the laws' delays will be removed:
A Bill relating to the district courts of Utah Territory.

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the Governor of Utah Territory shall assign the district judges of said Territory to their respective districts, and appoint the time and place of holding court in each of said districts, not exceeding two terms in each district in any one year.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, August 11, 1868.                                  No. 79.

The hankering for seclusion and exclusion, and the foul spirit of the assassinator to secure them, stick out in every word the above extract. It is as full of the fell spirit that has always actuated the crew, whose spokesman this Editor is in this instance, as the sting of the adder is of venom. But it is the vain and weak boast of throttled bully. The day has gone by when hired bands of cut throats, "destroying angels," can ply their heinous avocation, and drive from the Territory, or murder all whom Brigham Young and his crew do not want in it. This fellow, who at the bidding of his master, Brigham, to whom he severely and profanely bows as his god, insults the citizens of the United States by telling them that no one but those who bow as servilely as himself to Brigham, shall have leave to stay in this Territory, ignores the fact that the Salt Lake basin is a rich oasis in which nature has lavishly congregated all that is needed at the Half-way Point on the great National highway, the Pacific Railroad, and that it all belongs [to] the citizens of the United States, and not to Brigham and his crew. We speak advisedly when we say Brigham and his crew, for by reference to the doings of the Latter-day Saints' Legislature it will be seen that they have attempted to give Brigham and his set very great quantities of the richest part of this valley, including mill privileges, &c.

Hitherto this Territory has only been of interest to the people of the United States because of the infamous establishment sought to be set up in it in the sacred name of religion, and the motor of the warfare against the gross outrage has been alone the moral sense of the country, but now for the reasons just named, a commercial interest is added, and the two together will as surely as truth is truth, and right is right, crush out the vile thing and rid the country of the foul blot, peaceably if possible, but with a besom of destruction, if that is inevitable....

(under construction)

Note: The exact content of this Samuel S. Saul editorial has yet to be determined. The excerpt above was taken from a George Q. Cannon Conference discourse, published in the Deseret News of Nov. 3, 1868. Apostle Cannon spoke against the Reporter and other "pernicious" Gentile influences on Wednesday, Oct. 7th.

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, August 12, 1868.                                  No. 80.


While the institutions of America are the most liberal in ecclestical affairs, they are the most jealous of aggressions from that direction upon civil, or to speak more correctly, upon the political domain. One of the enunciations of our great chart, the constitution, is that there must be no union of Church and State. The correctness of this doctrine is so universally acknowledged, that no attempt has ever been made since the days of our independence to erect a political theocracy on the United States soil; and whenever anything has been done, either by religionists or politicians that had the least tendency that way, it has been pounced upon with remarkable celerity and denounced in the most unmeasured terms. We conclude then that the people of the United States will never allow the erection of a politico-theocracy upon their soil. The indications are, that we are to have a practical test of this matter with reference to the admission of this Territory into the Union as a State. It is said that Brigham is about to go through the hocus pocus operation of having a revelation to stop polygamy, which he imagines is the only objection to the admission of a Mormon State.

In the first place, we don't believe there is a grain of sincerity in this movement. Within a week once of the "Bishops" at one of theor Ward meetings in this city, said that no man but a polygamist could enjoy the blessings of the next world; and only a day or two ago we saw standing, fresh painted, in the shop of the painter, a Sunday-school banner with the inscription in brazen letters upon it: "Polygamy! What God has ordained, can man destroy?" It is one of Brigham's little games of deception. He goes into the stand on a Sunday and in meaningless palaver strings out what he terms a revelation about polygamy, and with a wink to the wise and virtuous elders around him, he descends from the stand and goes home to the bosoms of his sixty-one women, and the rest do much the same. Their business in this public operation is to fool the "gentiles," and highly pleased with the fancy that they have succeeded, they retire to their more private gatherings to preach polygamy in its most virulent form, and to their houses to practice it in like manner.

But suppose the practice of polygamy to be stopped in good faith, does there not still remain what for convenience sake we wil call a theocracy, though we wish it distinctly understood that we consider it a very spurious one. A theocracy that seeks to erect itself into a political state and grasp a large tract of the most valuable land in the very heart of the Republic, and drive from it everyone who does not subscribe to its doctrines, and doctrines too that are pronounced by the entire civilized world unorthodox -- heathenish. He must be easily deceived indeed who believes that such a monstrosity can gain admission into the family of States.

FROM GREEN RIVER. -- We had the pleasure of a visit to-day from M. A. Carter, Esq. He is just in from the city of Green River, and looks as though it might be a healthy place over there. He says what we are very glad to hear, that the folks from Salt Lake are all doing well.

Gen. Dodge, Chief Engineer of the U. P. R. R., arrived in the city to-day about noon. The General is accompanied by his lady. They intend remaining in the city a few days, when the General will go north, we understand, as far as Portland, Oregon, and his lady, after a brief sojourn here, will go east.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, August 13, 1868.                                             No. 81.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, August 14, 1868.                                  No. 82.

A gentleman in from Bingham canyon informs us that the Heastons (father and five sons) discovered a rich gold quartz ledge near the head of the canyon. The specimens are very fine and show much free gold. The ledge is nearly eight feel thick. The Heastons have formed a company and taken up twenty-four hundred feet, and a mill will be put in operation immediately. Several companies have been formed on extensions. The indications are that the Heastons have struck a good thing -- the best in the canyon. Placer mining is now suffering for want of water.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, August 15, 1868.                                  No. 83.

An immense Mormon bull-train made its way up Main Street this noon to the tithing enclosure. The train contained numerous brethren and sisters, and a host of children, with which the emigrants of this season seem to be blessed.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, August 17, 1868.                                             No. 84.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, August 18, 1868.                                  No. 85.

On Saturday morning last three policemen went to a house on Second South street, in this city, entered the front room and proceeded to demolish about everything in the room, including a number of very nice chairs, fine settee or sofa, a table and such like articles of household furniture. It seems the policemen acted under authority and by direction of a warrant issued by a Justice of the Peace. -- We are indebted to Mr. M.Croxall, of the W. U. T. O., for the following dispatch: "A dispatch from Sweetwater, August 15th, says the Young America claim has been sold in Chicago for fifty thousand dollars."

In reply to a dignified article in the Reporter, the Salt Lake Telegraph, edited by T. B. H. Stenhouse, makes the following threat, which is only similar to threats made by that paper to many in Salt Lake who are not now alive to give testimony. The following is the paragraph directed against the Reporter:
[Yesterday's Telegraph says] "No sensible man expects that the Mormons will stop and stoop to bandy words and filth with every miserable calumniator who, like a useless cur in the streets, makes it his business to 'yaffle' and snap at passers-by. There is one proper way to meet such human curs, to ignore their existence, so long as they do not bite. When they do that, dust is the most fitting thing that they should bite. In the mysterious dispensations of Providence it frequently happens that such is the course of events, and far be it from us to murmur and repine at the dispensations of Providence, for we are told that they work together for good."
To the foul spirit of the assassin coiled up in this paragraph from the Telegraph, we would not utter a word directly, did we not fear that reticence would be construed into cowardice by the dastard who made the threat; and, therefore, to avoid being misunderstood, we will say that we do not intend to be driven from this Territory by threats, but intend to remain at our post and exercise the freedom of the press in the columns of the Reporter to its fullest extent. We have made no threats, nor do we wish to drive any law-abiding person from here, nor will we be driven. We came here for business, and thousands of others will come here for the same purpose in a very short time. This is a hard, stubborn fact which will have to be recognized by all who crave seclusion, and they will have to govern themselves accordingly. This non-Mormon accession to the popultion will come from parts where espionage is a thing unknown, and where the freedom of speech and action knows no odious curtailment, and they will submit to no odious curtailments of their just rights here. If an attempt is made to hedge them round by violence, and drive them from the territory, such an attempt will be met by violence, and terrible will be the day of retribution for those who strike down an innocent man. And now a word with you, editor of the Telegraph. You are a cowardly whelp that might bite a man in the heel, but would not dare face him; and you would only dare to bite in the heel when you were sure you could get away before the man turned round. We don't know you personally, and don't want to. We base our estimate of you upon the dastardly paragraph under 'consideration,' and the article from which it was clipped.

Governor Stanford, President of the Central Pacific Railroad Company, arrived in this city last evening, accompanied by his brother. Both are in good health. The Governor, we understand, will remain here a few days and then go West, via the north end of the Lake.

General Dodge had not left the city at a late hour this afternoon, and we believe he is still here.

David Fisher, a native of Scotland, engaged on the railroad, on the south side of Weber Canyon, three miles from its mouth, and east of Devil's Gate, while filling a wagon from a steep side hill, was caught by a landslide and killed.

Note: The exchange between the editors of the Reporter and the Telegraph was noticed by the editor of the Cheyenne Leader in his number for Aug. 24, 1868. In the same issue he also mentions that "Gen. P. Edward Connor passed up on Saturday [Aug. 15th] evening, on his way to California." It seems likely that General Connor would have stopped by the Reporter office, to check up on his investment in that firm's operations. He then went on to California, but was back in Salt Lake City by October 1st, where he no doubt first met John H. Beadle, the soon-to-be new editor of the Reporter.

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, August 19, 1868.                                  No. 86.

Railroad  Matters.

B. C. Sharkey, stove and hardware dealer, in Salt Lake City, committed suicide on Wednesday last, by shooting.

A company has been formed for the publication of the Reporter, and hereafter it will be issued in the name of the Company. All preparations have been made for the enlargement of the daily and the issuing of a first-class weekly, and we only await the arrival of a gentleman whom we expect here inside of three weeks.

We learn that W. H. Hooper, Delegate to Congress fell down stairs at his home in Salt Lake, and broke one of his ribs.

Governor Stanford of California, President of the Central Pacific R. R., was in Salt Lake City, on the 18th.

Note: Compare the news regarding the Reporter with J. H. Beadle's later published accounts. The "gentleman whom we expect" was probably General Connor, who had just passed through Salt Lake City, but returned to that place by Sept. 1st. Some later references speak of the Reporter's publishing being done by "The Printers' Company," which perhaps meant that S. S. Saul relinquished his proprietorship of the newspaper to his staff, when he determined that he could no longer meet payments due to General Connor. If this was the situation in that business in the latter part of August, it seems reasonable to assume that some anticipated new funding from Connor would provide the necessary means for "for the enlargement of the daily and the issuing of a first-class weekly."

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, August 20, 1868.                                  No. 87.

Railroad  Matters.

An apparently reliable rumor has it that all work has been stopped on the railroad in Weber Canyon, with a view to changing the location and running the road from Echo Canyon along the route of the old emigrant road, over Little Mountain and into this city by way of Emigration Canyon.

To-morrow a large and well-equipped surveying party of the Union Pacific Railroad Company, in charge of Mr. J. F. McCabe, will leave this city to survey a line by the south end of the lake from here to Humboldt Wells, by way of the Goshoot Pass in the Goshoot Mountains. This party will follow, for a considerable way, the line run by S. F. Reed, Esq., in 1865.

THE SECOND INSTALLMENT. -- The second train of about twenty-five wagons loaded with pilgrims to the Mecca of Mormonism arrived this morning and passed up Main Street to the Tithing yard. Those who are not claimed by friends will be distributed throughout the Territory.

The following telegram speaks for itself, and speaks in a way that will much gratify those who are friendly to the rapid progress of the railroad:
End Track, C. P. R. R., Aug. 10.            
To Len. Wines, Esq.
     Winkler laid six miles and eight hundred feet of track to-day.

We are indebted to M. Croxall, Esq., of the W. U. T. office, for the following dispatch from Sweetwater:
"Messrs. Tozer & Eddy's mill at Sweetwater has made two clean ups, the first one, scattering rock,162 tons, averaging $27 per ton; the other, better rock, 90 tons, averaging $60 per ton. The rock was from the Careso ledge. -- A weekly mail commenced running yesterday between South Pass City and Fort Brldger." ---

The Coroner's Jury impanneled yesterday to inquire into the cause of the death of Robert C. Sharkey, returned a verdict of "accidental shooting." Some ill feeling has been exhibited by a few in reference to the statement in yesterday's Reporter. The statement was based upon information obtained from persons present, and was considered by us a fair and impartial one. The affair occurred within a few doors of our office, and we were early upon the ground to obtain the best possible information. We have conversed today with a number of people upon the subject and the almost universal opinion is that the facts are as related by us. Under these circumstances we do not feel like modifying our statement of yesterday.

We have received a statement of the recent homicide at Farmingon from a person who was in that neighborhood at the time and for several days afterward. The following are the circumstances as related by him: The deceased man, whose name our informant did not learn and who was a "Gentile," had been arrested, charged with an attempt to seduce a Mormon girl. This charge was afterwards changed to attempted rape. After his arrest he was locked up in a room and heavily ironed. While lying thus ironed and helpess upon the floor of the prison, the father of the girl he was charged with having attempted to seduce, came to the open window of the prison room and fired three shots at him, the third only taking effect, striking him in the center of the forehead and killing him instantly. The slayer was arrested, but afterwards discharged.

It is reported in town today, apparently reliably, that all work has been stopped on the railroad in Weber canyon, with a view to changing the location and running the road from Echo canyon along the route of the old emigrant road, over Little Mountain and into this city by way of Emigration canyon.

To-morrow a large and well-equipped surveying party of the Union Pacific Railroad Company in charge of J. F. McCabe, will leave this city to surrey a line by the south end ot the lake from here to Humboldt Wells by way of the Goshoot Pass, in the Goshoot Mountains. This party will follow for a considerable way the line run by S. B. Reed in I1865.

The statement in yesterday's Reporter that General Dodge went south of the lake was incorrect; he went north. He is to day about the month of the Weber.

Governor Stanford is also in the same neighborhood

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, August 21, 1868.                                  No. 88.

It will be seen by a reference to our dispatches of to-day that the railroad is now within ninety miles of Green River City. It is the general opinion that the road will be completed and the cars running to that point within thirty days. The rapidity with which the roads are advancing from the East and West is unparalleled in the history of railroad building. A gentleman recently arrived from Bitter Creek says that as the successive gangs of graders advance in this direction they close together until it seems as if every inch of ground was covered with men, and that there would be no room for any more.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, August 22, 1868.                                  No. 89.

Colonel F. H. Head, Superintendent of lndian Affairs, and Major Dimick B. Huntingdon, Indian interpreter, returned to the city yesterday afternoon from Strawberry Yalley, Uinta, where a "big talk" had been held on Wednesday with the Indians, and a treaty concluded with those who have been continuing depredatory visits to our settlements in Sanpete. Black Hawk was present, but it is claimed that he has faithfully observed the treaty made last year, and has not been engaged in any raid on the whites since. Those with whom the "talk" was principally held, and who signed the treaty, were Aug-a-vor-um, Tam-a-ritz and Sow-ah-point, Chiefs of the Sbub-er-ech Indians.

Note: ...

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, August 24, 1868.                                  No. 90.

It is reported, by parties who have come in from the East, that the Union Railroad Company has caused a survey to be made for a town on Ham's Fork, twenty-five miles west of Green river, which it is expected will be the Winter terminus of the road. It is also reported that the Government Inspector has stated that the track will be laid to Salt Lake Valley this Winter, provided the graders will keep ahead and out of the way of the track-layers. If the grading is finished within the contracted time to the mouth of Weber canyon, we may yet have the cars by Christmas running to this valley. At any rate, the company will do all in their power to accomplish such results.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, August 25, 1868.                                  No. 91.


...Jeff. Standefer was shot at Green River City on the 21st of August, by a man whose name is not known, and died soon afterwards. Standefer was an old mountaineer and a terror to the Indians, having fought them in every territory in the West, from Arizona to the British Possessions. Sweetwater, a short time ago, claimed him as one of her "honest miners."

Note: An extract from this Reporter article was published in the San Francisco Daily Evening Bulletin of Sept. 1, 1868.

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, August 26, 1868.                                  No. 92.

RASCALITY OF A MORMON BISHOP. -- We are informed that a Bishop and a party of men, from one of the wards of the city, took a sub contract upon the joint stock plan, under the general contract of Brigham Young. They purchased the necessary tools upon time, and finally completed the work, the Bishop keeping all accounts and looking after things generally. The men are now informed that it will take more than will be received for their work to pay for the tools, which, the Bishop says, will have to be sold to help pay the tool-maker's bill. The Bishop will not exhibit or make a statement of any accounts, and the poor laboring men, after spending several weeks at the hardest kind of work, are in a fair way to be swindled out of their money. It is a beautiful system, indeed, that will permit the practice of such outrages upon the rights of men. As long, however, as they will stand such proceedings, without asserting their rights, just so long will they have to suffer.

$15,000 Reward!

One of our coaches was robbed, on the night of the 25th instant, near
Laclede Station, Eastern Road, by four men.


                And in proportion for any part thereof:

                        DEAD OR ALIVE
Wells, Fargo & Co.               
Salt Lake City, August 26, 1868.               

Note: Exact date and full content of the first item above remain undetermined. It may have appeared in the Reporter a day or two earlier. It was reprinted in the New York Commercial Advertiser of Sept. 5th and in the Boston Investigator of Sept. 16th.

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, August 27, 1868.                                             No. 93.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, August 28, 1868.                                  No. 94.

About noon to-day a contract was concluded between the Central Pacific Railroad Company and West, Benton & Paw, for the grading of 100 miles of road, commencing at Monumeent Point and running westwardly. The work is to be commenced immediately and finished by the 1st of December. Monument Point, or Point Lookout, as it is marked on the map, is near the north end of Great Salt Lake, in about 41 3/4 degrees north latitude, and 112 1/2 degrees west longitude. The indications are that there will be lively times in railroad matters in this vicinity this Fall and Winter.

We are informed by a gentleman who has recently arrived from the West that fifteen miles beyond Stockton he saw the bodies of three men who had been shot, lying by the side of the road. Some men were preparing to bury them, and upon being asked the cause of their death, they replied that the dead men were horse thieves and had been shot.

A gentleman in from the head of Echo canyon states that work on the tunnel, under Miller & Patterson's contract, was commenced on Tuesday, and will be prosecuted with vigor. That firm have a heavy job before them, which may prove one for all Winter; but we presume that, with their well-known energy, they will accomplish that, as they have other work along the line of the Union Pacific Railroad, with ability and dispatch.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, August 29, 1868.                                  No. 95.

Governor Stanford, now in this city, has recived a dispatch from his brother, who is at Benton, going East, stating that the first stage station this side of that place is surrounded by 500 hostile Indians. This station is known as Sage Creek Station, and is located between Pine Grove and North Platte. The "Peace Commissioner's pets" promise to keep things lively along the stage route, and no doubt wish to improve what little time may be left to them before the stages are taken off, and the cars commence running.

The dispatch, alluded to above, was dated and received this morning, and it also says there is great excitement at Benton.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                           Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, August 31, 1868.                                             No. 96.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, September 1, 1868.                                  No. 97.

At the invitation of A. Watters, jeweler of this city, Governor Durkee, ex-Governors Stanford and Bigler of California, General Connor, formerly in command of the District of Utah, Major Hempstead, United State District Attorney for Utah, and several other guests, partook of a dinner yesterday afternoon.

Note: General Connor was back in Salt Lake City by the 1st of September, having passed through that place the previous month on a trip to California. His return in September would have allowed him time to meet and hear the plans of the "Printers' Company" which had taken over the proprietorship of the Reporter from editor S. S. Saul. At that time Connor would have been able to consult with Major Hempstead, a former editor of the Reporter's percursor in Salt Lake City. However, plans for "the enlargement of the daily and the issuing of a first-class weekly" (see issue of Aug. 19th) would be delayed by the crisis in that newspaper's office, sparked by events unfolding from the LDS Fall Conference. In his Dec. 16th Valedictory, former editor Saul mentioned that he "added 4 columns" to the paper in October ("the enlargement of the daily" previously anticipated) but said nothing about the "Printers' Company" failing to establish "a first-class weekly." The tri-weekly Reporter would not materialize until another year had passed.

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, September 2, 1868.                                  No. 98.

Two large emigrant trains, we are told, arrived in the city this afternoon. The new arrivals are said to be a very choice lot, and are wholly composed of women and children, with few exceptions.

Notes (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, September 3, 1868.                                  No. 99.

Notes (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, September 4, 1868.                                  No. 100.

A decided increase of travel on Wells, Fargo & Co.'s coaches has been manifest for the past month. The long expected and much talked of tide of travel overland is, no doubt, shoving along. But there might be more of it, and undoubtedly will be when the next one hundred mile section of the railroad is completed from Benton westward, as the stages are not withdrawn until that number of miles are in good running order.

By parties arriving from the East, we learn that all the heavy grading on Bitter creek has received the finishing touch, and that the men employed there, about a thousand, are being transferred to a place in the vicinity of Bryan, the new railroad town on Black's Fork, where some force is required. Bryan is said to be the rage now with town lot speculators.

Notes (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, September 5, 1868.                                  No. 101.

Notes (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, September 7, 1868.                                  No. 102.

Notes: ((forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, September 8, 1868.                                  No. 103.

A few days ago Governor Stanford let a contract for the grading of the Central Pacific Railroad for 100 miles west from Monument Point which is at the north end of Salt Lake. We announced the letting of this contract at the time it was let. We now understand that the Union Pacific Company have located their line from the mouth of Weber to Promontory Point or in that neighborhood, and that they have let the contract for the grading of it to some parties who have just finished a contract somewhere east of Green river, and that they will commence work with a very heavy force in a short time. We also learn that the Union Pacific Company have located their line for 100 miles west of Promontory Point -- that is 100 miles west of the eastern end of the contract let a few days ago by tbe Central Company. It seems from this that no point of meeting has been concluded upon for the two lines. The Central Pacific have abandoned all the ground east of the north end of the lake, but it does not look as though the Union Pacific had abandoned all west of it.

...There are numbers of foreigners in this Territory, who have never abjured their allegiance to the foreign ruler from whose dominions they emigrated and who have year after year voted for local officers and a delegate to Congress. There are others who, deceived by the representations of the Judges, either wilfully or ignorantly made, that they had no power to naturalize, have taken out their papers from the Probate Courts, in many instances paying a larger fee thereon than the clerk of the District Court would be entitled to charge. These foreigners all occupy and hold more or less land in this Territory, and expect to avail themselves of the pre-emption law to the exclusion of actual citizens who are ready, and desirous of occupying the land which the laws of the United States gives them a right to do. Many of these foreigners, either holding no papers at all, or those spurious ones issue by Probate Courts, have since the passage of the act of 1862, prohibiting polygamy in the Territories of the United States, openly and persistently violated its provisions; and have been loud in the expressions of disloyalty towards the government of the United States...

Note 1: The exact content of Samuel S. Saul editorial's (second item above) has yet to be determined. The excerpt above was taken from a George Q. Cannon Conference discourse, published in the Deseret News of Nov. 3, 1868. Apostle Cannon spoke against the Reporter and other "damnable and pernicious" Gentile influences in Utah on Wednesday, Oct. 7th.

Note 2: The publication date of the editorial that Apostle Cannon found so offensive bears some relation to the arrival of John H. Beadle on the outskirts of Salt Lake City, only one day later (Wednesday, Sept. 9th). If he took the trouble to browse through some issues of the Reporter after getting himself settled in the Mormon town, this is the kind of Gentile commentary that he would have soon encountered. Beadle's September, 1868 chronologymay be consulted in Chapter 9-11 of his 1870 Life in Utah (updated in the 1882 Polygamy, or, The Mysteries and Crimes of Mormonism. A similar timeline can be found in Chapter 6 of his 1873 The Undeveloped West.

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, September 9, 1868.                                  No. 104.

[Gov. Stanford, a few days ago] let a contract for grading the Central Pacific Railroad for 100 miles westwardly from Monument Point, a station at the north end of Salt Lake. The Union Pacific Railroad Company has let the grading of the road, and actually has men at work on every mile east of Monument Point at the present time. We now learn from the same authority that the Union Company has come this side of Salt Lake, and has let the grading of 100 miles over the same ground substantially which Gov. Stanford let a few days ago on behalf of the Central Pacific Railroad Company.

What this means the public do not as yet exactly understand, but most likely a few days will determine. It is possible, however, that the Union Company has its grading so far advanced as to be able to reach the north end of Salt Lake with the track before the Stanford Company, in which event it would be desirous of acquiring as many miles of the work as possible, inasmuch as the Government pays for nearly its entire value. It is now impossible to say which company will first reach Salt Lake, but from the advices received, the Eastern Company is making extraordinary exertions to construct as much of the road as possible. It is further said that the Union or Eastern Company has an agent actually in California at the present time, and that efforts are being made to urge forward another road from California, that via Beckwith Pass to connect with the Union east of Salt Lake. How much truth there may be in these rumors we do not pretend to say, but there are those who believe that the company building a road from Vallejo via Sacramento to Marysville, are in some way connected with these rumors.

Note: This report was reprinted in the San Francisco Daily Evening Bulletin of Sept. 17, 1868.

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, September 10, 1868.                                  No. 105.

Tyrannical Conduct of Brigham Young.

We are informed that Brigham Young has given orders to Bishops, throughput the Territory to cut ofl from the Mormon Church every member who deals at a Gentile store or purchases of an outsider. We have heard it stated by parties coming from the north that preaching upon that subject had been done at Ogden and other places. This is but a part of the plan arranged by Brigham and carried out by his subordinates, to place an effectual embargo upon the location of Gentile business men in this Territory; and which would be made a total prohibition, had they the power to enforce it. It has been the constant aim and object of the Mormon leaders to keep out Gentiles, and prevent them from selling in this Territory. To such an extent was this formerly carried that Mormons were even prohibited from renting houses to Gentiles; and several who dared to brave the displeasure of their rulers were considered as apostates. Lately owing to force of circumstances, the rigor of that rule has somewhat relaxed in this city, although the intolerant feeling toward Gentiles, upon the part of church authorities still exists in the country settlements of Utah. It seems to be cropping out afresh, coupled with a determination if possible, to drive Gentile traders out of Utah. Preaching against the Gentiles is indulged in to a greater extent in the country settlements than would be considered prudent in the Tabernacle at Salt Lake City. Thus while matters are kept quiet at Mormon headquarters, to pull wool over the eyes of some, elsewhere the anathemas against outsiders and the government are as loud as ever.

Three Nez Perce chiefs, in all the glory of stove-pipe hats and long-tailed coats, arrived yesterday afternoon from the East by private conveyance, and took up their quarters at the Salt Lake House. They are returning from a visit to the Great Father at Washington, to their homes on the Columbia river. It is said that they keep their eyes peeled for Snake Indians, fearing the loss of their scalps should they meet any of that tribe, with whom they are at war. They are the most respectable looking of the Lo family that we have seen in this neighborhood. Accompanying them are an agent and interpreter.

The Prosperity of Utah -- Condition of the People.

The Deseret News, the Mormon Church organ, takes occasion to state in its leader of the 8th inst., that the results of the labors of those Mormon emigrants, whom the New York press term low and degraded, are thriving [in] towns and villages throughout the Territory of Utah, and the tenor of the article would lead many, unacquainted with the actual state of affairs, to suppose that fine houses or neat cottages, beautiful gardens surrounded by nicely painted or whitewashed fences, respectable outhouses and other domestic improvements are to be found in every town throughout the Territory. How then will the traveler, passing through the settlements of Utah, be disappointed when he finds that the mass of the people outside of Salt Lake City, and one or two other places, live in poor "dug-outs," actually burrows in the earth, or in miserable log cabins, surrounded by old tumble down fences made of poles; the corral and cow stables very often closer to the street than the dwelling-house, and everything presenting a dilapidated appearance. If there happens to be a respectable-looking adobe house in the village, they belong to the Bishop, the President of the place, and his counsellors or some other favored one; and frequently the poor people have spent their time and labor rearing houses for these leeches upon their energies, for which they get no returns. We find a total absence in Mormon settlements of the air of prosperity and solid comfort which is generally to be found in eastern villages. It is a noticeable fact that the majority of the foreign immigration into Utah is Danish, while the greatest number of immigrants to the Western States are Germans. The latter, as a people, are far superior to the former in enterprise, intellect, industry and everything that goes to make up and sustain a prosperous community. The Danes will remain for years in the place upon which they have settled in the same "dug-out" or old tumble down log shanty, making no improvements and content to remain in that condition until they die.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, September 11, 1868.                                  No. 106.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, September 12, 1868.                                  No. 107.

How the Mormons Do It.

We understand that a person in this city, having a couple of friends in England, whom he wished brought out with the emigration this year, deposited the sum required in the office of Brigham Young, with the express understanding that it should be applied to pay the expenses of the persons named by the depositor. He is now informed that the money deposited by him, for the purpose mentioned, was appropriated to the use of other parties; and his friends were refused the benefit of it by the manager of the Mormon mission in England. We have heard it stated by other parties, after having been cajoled out of their money, have been served in the same way. Some people burn their fingers repeatedly before they learn to let fire alone.

The grading contract, let by the Central Pacific Railroad Company to Carter & Hall, is as follows: Fifty miles of the western portion formerly let to Benson, West & Farr, which they cannot grade in time, and also the privilege of grading west until they meet the graders of the Central Pacific Railroad Company coming east, who are now this side of Gravelly Ford. Hall has been largely engaged in grading for the Union Pacific Railroad about Green river, and Carter is well and favorably known throughout the country as an enterprising business man. The firm have now from 500 to 1000 teams and several thousand men, who have been employed about Green river. They are well provided with tents and camp equipage necessary for the work. Within three days after signing the contract the entire force was in motion for the scene of operations, and about the middle of the month work will be commenced .

Upon inquiry we find there is much ground for the report that the Union Pacific Railroad Company will commence grading at Humboldt Wells as soon as the force for that purpose can be got there. They will, of course, work eastwardly from that point. In connection with this movement on the part of the Union Pacific Railroad Company, and the commencement of the work by the Central Pacific at the north end of Salt Lake, we understand that Vice President Durant telegraphed to Gov. Stanton, President of the Central Pacific Railroad Company, to the following purport "If we lay any track on your grading we will pay you for the grading. If you lay any on ours we won't charge you a cent for it."

The Frontier Index says it is the mouthpiece of Wyoming Democracy. We were mistaken, badly mistaken, as everyone it likely to be occasionally. We had come to the conclusion that the Index was the entire butt end of the Democracy of Wyoming.

Note: The two railroad reports were reprinted in the San Francisco Daily Evening Bulletin of Sept. 17, 1868. The "Union" (Republican) Salt Lake Daily Reporter took an increasingly dim view of the "Copperhead" (Democratic) Wyoming Frontier Index. The latter paper appeared about ready to move into Utah and become a competitor to the Reporter.

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, September 14, 1868.                                  No. 108.

The Union Pacific Railroad Company are really going to commence work at Humboldt Wells. Bent, the contractor for the first fifty miles east from the Wells, was in the city yesterday, and left for his contract this morning. Boyd is the contractor for the next fifty miles east of Bent's contract. At least one hundred and fifty teams have passed the mouth of Weber on their way to these contracts. Boyd and Bent have been in the employ of the Union Pacific Railroad Company from the first as graders, and they are now moving from Bitter Creek where they have just finished a contract.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, September 15, 1868.                                  No. 109.

The Union Pacific Railroad Company are really going to commence work at Humboldt Wells. Bent, the contractor for the first fifty miles east from the Wells, was in the city yesterday, and left for his contract this morning. Boyd is the contractor for the next fifty miles east of Bent's contract. At least one hundred and fifty teams have passed the mouth of Weber on their way to these contracts. Boyd and Bent have been in the employ of the Union Pacific Railroad Company from the first as graders, and they are now moving from Bitter Creek where they have just finished a contract.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, September 16, 1868.                                  No. 110.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, September 17, 1868.                                  No. 111.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, September 18, 1868.                                  No. 112.

General Dodge, Chief Engineer of the Union Pacific Railroad Company, started from a the North end of Salt Lake to Humboldt Wells, and he is probably in the neighborhood of the Wells now. The Union Pacific Company have four locating parties, and two construction parties of engineers between the Promontory Point, or the North end of the Lake and Humboldt Wells, and the Central Pacific Company also have six parties of engineers between the same points. We understand that the lines of the two companies are being run nearly parallel, and everything now seems to indicate that there will be two grades, if not two roads, between the Lake and the Wells.

We are informed by the gentleman who has charge of the Union Pacific Railroad Company's party, sounding the Lake, that the Lake has fallen about one foot within the last month.

Note: ...

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, September 19, 1868.                                  No. 113.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, September 21, 1868.                                  No. 114.

Several days ago some unknown persons succeeded in cutting a number of mail-sacks loose from the coach this side of Fort Bridger. The sacks were finally recovered, with a portion of the mail, but the robbers have not been apprehended. It is said that there is an organized gang of thieves committing their depredations between Bear and Green Rivers, and that small parties travelling through that country are liable to have their stock stolen, as well as other property, if they are not strong enough to defend themselves.

... a party of boys near this city who stoned a squaw and her papoose until the little Indian was dead, when the squaw having escaped, the lads threw the body of the papoose into a slough near by....

Note: The exact date and full content of these reports have yet to be determined. The text comes from the Cheyenne Leader of Sept. 28, 1868.

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, September 22, 1868.                                  No. 115.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, September 23, 1868.                                  No. 116.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, September 24, 1868.                                  No. 117.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, September 25, 1868.                                  No. 118.

Another Mormon bull train came into town this morning, loaded with the faithful and some freight. This is the last Mormon train of the season and winds up the emigration business for this year. The number of people emigrated has been far less than was first estimated by the Mormon authorities, and shows either an intentional exaggeration upon their part, or else a great decrease in the results of their missionary enterprises. It may be that all of the credulous, ignorant and superstitious people in the European nations, where Mormon elders are proselything, have been "gathered out" and brought to Utah. The rank and file of Brigham's army is composed of just such material, with smart men enough among the officers to control and keep the masses in subjection.

It does not often come in our line of duty as a journalist to chronicle a more cruel and uncalled for deed than the following, the particulars of which were communicated to us by a gentleman resident of this city. It appears thai s number of boys. who are in the habit oi herding cattle near the Jordan, some four or five days ago, threw stones at a squaw and her pappoose, which were passing near them. The cries of the defenseless squaw and child, as they were struck with these missiles, did not soften the hearts of the cruel boys, but they threw the stones thicker and faster, killing the child and severely bruising the mother, who only escaped by her fleetness of foot from sharing the same fate, as the boys were bent upon extermination. Arriving at her camp, the squaw related what had occurred to the bucks, who vowed dire vengeance against the children ot the whites, saying ten white children would have to die to make up for their lost one. The boys having achieved the victory, and finding they had killed the young Indian, picked him up and threw him into a slough near by. The boys, we understand, belong to the Eleventh Ward.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, September 26, 1868.                                  No. 119.

Several days ago some unknown persons succeeded in cutting a number of mail-sacks loose from the coach this side of Fort Bridger. The sacks were finally recovered, with a portion of the mail, but the robbers have not yet been apprehended. It is said that there is an organized gang of thieves, committing their depredations between Bear and Green rivers, and that small parties traveling through that country are liable to have their stock stolen, as well as other property, if they are not strong enough to defend themselves.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, September 28, 1868.                                  No. 120.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, September 29, 1868.                                  No. 121.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                 Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, September 30, 1868.                                  No. 122.


Salt Lake City, U. T.            
To Mr. Lorenzo Snow, Box Elder:
    Sir. -- Whereas, you not only refused me a place to preach, but also threatened to "attack me" if I did preach in your city, and did refuse to meet me in debate, I now (in compliance with section 91, par. 2, Doctrine and Covenants, which says: "Confound your enemies; call upon them to meet you both in public and in private, and their shame shall be made manifest,") call upon you to meet me in discussion, in Box Elder, any time within two months from date, when I will undertake to prove,

1st, That the doctrine taught by you as found in Journal of Discourses, volume 1, page 50, that "Adam is our God, and the only God with whom we have to do," is idolatry.

2nd, That Joseph Smith, son of Joseph the Martyr, is the President of the church and Melchisedec Priesthood, and no one else.

3d, That polygamy is an abomination in the sight of God. The Bible, Book of Mormon, Doctrine and Covenants, and Times and Seasons to be received as evidence.
Yours respectfully,                                                           
E. C. BRAND.                       

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, October 1, 1868.                                      No. 123.

HORSE THIEVES SHOT. -- On Wednesday last officers Gilman and Turner, of Green River, shot and killed two known horse thieves on Smith's Fork and brought in one alive to Green River. The names of those killed are Jack Connor and _____Coons. The name of the one arrested alive is not given. The rendezvous of this band was discovered by a man who had been arrested for some offense in Green River, and who, on promise of being released, revealed the plans and place of operations of this gang. Immediately upon the appearance of the officers Connor and Coon prepared for resistance, but were both killed by the officers, who were armed with shot guns. Everybody at Green River was satisfied with the result and endorsed the action of the officers. -- Cheyenne Leader.

We were informed of the following incident which occurred recently in one of the Southern settlements: A man, having been called upon to pay tithing, refused to do so. He was about to remove his family and household goods to this city. The Bishop's clerk, who attends to tithing matters, declared that he should not leave with his property until he had settled his tithing. The man, however, being resolute, made his preparations for removal, and then, arming himself, declared that he would shoot the first man who attempted to prevent his departure. It is needless to say he was not interfered with. Such acts on the part of the Bishops are about played out here.

PIC-NIC. -- The Sunday School of the Episcopal Church had a very pleasant pic-nic at Calder's Gardens, south of this city, to-day. About 9 A. M. the children assembled at Independence Hall, their bright faces beaming with happiness and pleasant anticipations of the pleasures before them. A variety of vehicles having been provided for the occasion, they were all safely embarked, and after half an hour's drive arrived at the gardens. Here they spent the day in pleasant enjoyment, swinging, boating, and at various games and amusements. Probably the most interesting part of the day to the youngsters, was the hour at which they were called to the tables for a display of their gastronomical powers. The exercises having sharpened their appetites, they were fully prepared to do justice to the good things provided; restraining their eagernes, however, until they were properly arranged and a blessing asked upon the food. Having spent a very pleasant day, towards evening they returned home, fully satisfied with the pleasure afforded them by their annual pic-nic.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, October 2, 1868.                                      No. 124.

We omitted to mention yesterday, in our notice of the Episcopal Sunday School Pic-nic, that Wells, Fargo & Co. furnished one of their fine coaches and four horses for the occasion. The coach was decorated with small flags, red and blue cloth was also arranged in festoons upon each side.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, October 3, 1868.                                      No. 125.


The editor of the Philadelphia Ledger recently had an interview with the late Chief Justice of the Territory, and in thta paper of the 23d ult., an article is devoted to Utah and the Mormons, which is interesting because it shows the public feeling and views abroad upon these interesting topics. Our readers will recognize the truithfulness of the following extract, which we make.
A large mountain chamber recently, recently discovered it the northern part of Utah, filled with perpetual ice, forms no bad Illustration of the physical changes which this Territory has undergone, and the whole region presents many rare phenomena, a knowledge of which is requisite to solve problems stilt remaining to enable us to understand the earlier history aud development of our globe. The mineralogy of Utah is at present comparatively unexplored, but there is reason to believe that the opening of the Pacific Railrond will demonstrate that it abounds in precious and useful products to an extent possessed by very few other sections of the country. The great Salt Lake itself is an inland sea as large even now as the State of Rhode Island. Its waters are more intensely salt than those of the ocean, in the ptoportion of 5 to 3, and seventy miles southward there is a mountain of rock salt as transparent as glass. There are four deposits of coal in quality between anthracite and bituminous, which forms excellent fuel, and interspersed between the layers are aboundant clays, capable of standing most intense heat known to the arts, and therefore, invaluable for bricks and furnaces. Iron, lead, copper, gold, silver and antimony, are believed, from surface indications, to exist in abundance, while numerous thermal, mineral and sulphur springs are found in many parts of the Territory. Many of these appear good for medical purposes. The native trees are few; two kinds of pine, the oak, and a few others are the only varieties * * *

The moral manifestations in this country, through Mormonism, are still more remarkable than its physical features. Polygamy is the base on which the Mormon leaders are resolved to stand or fall. This is the chief cause of their hostility to the Federal Government, and for which, it is feared, they are striving to increase their power into revolutionary proportions. Their local position gives them the key, as they vainly believe, to open or close the way from the Missouri to the Pacific. So far, the national laws passed to restrain their crimes have failed in effect, and it is feared that the Government may yet have cause to repent its leniency, if measures are not speedily taken to check their career. When the Pacific Railroad is fairly opened, and intercourse between East and West becomes more general, the worst feature of the system will, we trust, be supplanted by larger views of human destiny and more enlightened opinions in regard to marriage. But, meantime, our Government ought wisely to consider and decide upon its duties in regard to this Territory, and, when these are fully determined, and such laws framed as will meet the exigencies of the case, they should be enforced with a firmness and decision which shall repress this rising evil.

CONFERENCE. -- In the early part of this coming week the semi-annual conference of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints will meet at the new Tabernacle in this city. A conference of unusual interest may be expected. Business will also receive great impetus, from the fact that much of the railroad money will be put in circulation.

Mr. John C. Orem (Con Orem) presents his compliments to Mr. James Dwyer in a challenge in this evening's paper, saying that he has come over 500 miles to meet him and fight out the Nevada City (Montana), "battle" which terminated unsatisfactorily to both, although Orem carried off the belt.

PERSONAL. -- Vice President Durant, of the U. P. R. R., was at Fort Bridger yesterday evening.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, October 5, 1868.                                      No. 126.


It has buzzed about the streets for several days back that the coming Mormon Conference, to be held in this, city this week, commencing to-morrow, would be a very important one -- rather, that some very important action would be taken at it. No well defined intimation was given as to what that action would be, but sufficient leaked out for the impression to get very general that this "important" action is to be against "Gentiles."

Yesterday afternoon Brigham got on the "war path," or to use Dickens' more expressive phrase, "on the rampage." We were not so fortunate as to be present at the Tabernacle, and cannot, therefore, say from our own knowledge what he did say, but we are informed that he "pitched into" the "Gentiles" very "rough," using his favorite phrase, "send 'em to hell across lot," pretty freely. We cannot tell what a day may bring forth, but, judging from the tone of this bugle blast, we may expect rich developments at the Tabernacle during the week, and we shall be on hand to keep our readers fully posted.

PROGRESS OF THE CENTRAL PACIFIC RAILROAD. -- The Winnemucca Argent of Sept. 24th says:
Last week we tried to keep pace with track-laying for one day only, horseback; but the work beat the item two miles. Yesterday the track was laid between Fairbank's, some twelve miles east of town. During the past week, the work was only about half what could be done -- material didn't connect. The grading was completed about ninety miles east of Winnemucca one week ago. No later reports.

A friend who heard Brigham at the Tabernacle yesterday afternoon, makes the following contibution to our local column:
ON THE WAR PATH! -- Brigham went on the war, path heavily yesterday at the Tabernacle. He described the bosom pin he used to wear at Nauvoo as about "one and a half feet long, four and a half inches broad, and double-edged." Talked of sending men to "Hell across lots," with a little about "his women," and a store keeper who would not send eatables to the tithing house. But he won't hurt anyone. The brethren are beginning to think that he is making a good deal of money about now, and he is, with his usual smartness, kicking up the dust to keep their minds busy. That's all.

Note 1: The "friend who heard Brigham at the Tabernacle" may have been John Hanson Beadle -- at least this was the period when he offered his first contribution to the columns of the Reporter. There is no other documentation of Brigham Young talking about his Nauvoo "bosom pin" (a Bowie knife) in the Salt Lake City Tabernacle on October 4, 1868. If he did so, then the ominous mention was probably something like a reprise of comments previously made (in his March 27th, 1853 discourse), as published that spring in the Deseret News. A few days after Editor S. S. Saul printed his Oct. 5th issue, the Reporter suspended publication for a week, and thus temporarily ended all its reporting on the topmost Mormon leaders' motives and methods. Although Mr. Saul blamed this publishing interruption upon the necessity having to vacate his office, for some planned renovations, he must have also been relieved to create a pause in what was becoming an increasingly heated rhetorical conflict between the Mormon hierarchy and the type of people who supported his Reporter.

Note 2: When the paper resumed operations (on Oct. 20th), similar inflamatory accounts were once again communicated. About a month later, the following comments appeared in its columns, and were noticed by the Fort Wayne Daily Gazette of December 8th: "It is rumored that the Gentiles in Salt Lake are making it uncomfortable for the 'Saints.' The young wives of the old elders are growing tired of their conjugal serfdom and are gradually becoming alienated from their venerable protectors. The young men from the East, who have lately gone into the city, have captivated the beautiful supernumerary wives of the faithful, and elopements are becoming quite frequent of late. The Reporter, established in the interests of civilization and Christian morality, has aroused the ire of the old Patriarchs, and they now propose to remove their capital some sixty or seventy miles from Salt Lake, in order to avoid the contaminating influences of the Gentiles. When Colfax was among them, a short time ago he inquired of old Brigham if he would not soon be compelled to announce the fall of [polygamy, and] that if this institution came to an end it would be through revelation. The impression is gaining ground in the Territory that the revelation will shortly take place, and that this last relic of barbarism will be swept away by the besom of truth."

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Tuesday, October 6, 1868.                                      No. 127.


Those who attended this morning's session of the Mormon Semi-Annual Conference, in the expectation of hearing the Gentiles thundered against were not disappointed. Orson Hyde spoke fitst, and in his own fashion laid the foundation for the doctrine that was to follow, namely, the right of the Mormon leaders to interfere in the temporal affairs of their followers, and directing them where they shall buy and sell. His speech was largely interspersed with the old talk about the American nation as well as all other nations, going to splinters pretty soon, and the erection upon the said splinters of a kingdom built, of course, by Brigham and those around him, who claim the right to absolutely control the minds and bodies of the members of their church. Something was said about Babylonish garments being worn in this city and vicinity by persons whom it would not do to follow. The subject was touched upon gingerly, and was soon let drop. The people were advised to store their grain for coming emergencies, but what the emergencies were to be was not stated. Orson Pratt followed Orson Hyde, and commenced by a very sanctimonious injunction to follow "counsel." His speech, like nearly all of the speeches of those delivered from the same stand, was disjointed, and, if we may be allowed the term, incoherent. He ran over, in the usual way, the stereotyped history from Clay and Jackson counties to Nauvoo, and thence to Utah. When he got to Utah he went off into a bit of self-glorification that excelled anything of the kind that has been put forth yet. He even went so far as to tell his hearers that it was the Mormons who wrested this Territory from Mexico, and that California would never have been what it is but for the Mormons, and that the Overland Railroad would never have been built but for the Mormons, and much of the same kind of stuff, which it would be doing a discredit to his audience to say that they swallowed. But when he came down to what he had been driving at -- no dealings with outsiders -- he was flatfooted enough. He said that those who were not for them, were against them, and that those who were not of their church were not for them, no matter what professions of friendship they might make. He classed all outsiders, without exception, as their enemies, and put them all in the same puddle, designating them, as "vile vipers in our midst." He would rather go clothed in "bull skin" from head to foot than deal with any of them. The supporters of McGrorty were handled without gloves. Gentile newspapers published here received a rude [blast] and in this connection some things were said that we shall refer to at another time, things which were not warranted by the facts in the case.


The authorities of the Mormon church have indicated by the tenor of their preaching for several previous Sundays the subjects to be presented to the Mormon people of this Territory at their regular semi-annual conference, which commenced this morning. One of those subjects, the embargo to be placed upon all trade with "Gentile" merchants, we have previously alluded to in the columns of this paper. Some few of the motives, actuating the leader of the Mormon church, were then stated and commented uon. That article has awakened in the minds of many a serious contemplation of the results sure to follow if the entire trade of the Territory is concentrated in the hands of a few Mormon merchants, under the control of Brigham. The people of this Territory remember, with mingled bitterness and dread, the dark days in the history of the past, when there was but one "Gentile" firm in Utah, and that firm completely under the control of Brigham Young, paying tithing and donations to him. Then, indeed, the people were fleeced by merchants of their own faith, under the direction and control Brigham, who required this Gentile firm to sell at the same prices as the Mormon merchants; and they would have been compelled to leave the country had they not done so. Those who pretended to be the friends of the people, extorted their money from them by compelling them to pay exorbitant prices for articles which their necessities required. Brigham traded largely on his own account, besides receiving tithing and donations from Mormon merchants. Thus thousands upon thousands of dollars have gone out of the pockets of the people in this Territory, into the tills and safes of Mormon merchants, and from thence to the pockets of Brigham Young. But a change has finally taken place. "Gentile" merchants have come into the Territory, who, by selling cheap, and consequently underselling Mormon merchants, have decreased the enormous profits of those merchants, and the consequent large gains of the tithing house. The recent heavy drains upon the purse of Brigham, for private purposes, require some scheme by which he may replentish it; and if he can only turn the large sums of money, now being received by the people for railroad grading, into the hands of the Mormon merchants, he will accomplish three things: He will secure for himself an immense sum of money, which will be forced, from Mormon merchants; he will, as he imagines, drive "Gentile" merchants from the Territory, and eventually, all business will be transacted by creatures of his own. The results will be a heavy increase in the price of everything.

Mr. Brigham Young intimates that the question "whether it was better to sustain ourselves or to sustain those who were not of our faith," would be argued at length at this conference. We should think Mr. Brigham Young was entirely conversant with the subject which is to be "thoroughly canvassed." Taking into consideration the "small family" that must be kept in bread, it would not be compatible with the laws of human nature not to look out for No. 1. Certainly the "President" is right! Why should the Mormon people purchase goods from one not of their faith and pay $1 for an article while Mr. Brigham Young & Co. is vending the same at $1.25? Two-bits added for the sake of "faith" does not appear very much, surely! It's quite presumptuous upon the part of the Mormon people to help to sustain those not of their faith and starve the families of those exercising authority in the Church! Who would think of such refractory membership in the Church! Why it's perfectly preposterous! Don't poor people dissipate your hard-earned money at those stores where you can procure cheap necessaries, but go and purchase your goods where the price will make your eyes bulge out!

The Telegraph of last evening, in giving a synopsis of the proceedings at the Tabernacle on Sunday says Brigham "made many pertinent remarks, indicating the necessity of increased religious, moral and political reform in the midst of the Saints." Yes, it is time there was a "religious, moral and political reform in the midst of the Saints," but not such an one as the Hierarch of Utah is ready to impose upon the Mormon people. The reform that will come is far different from the one the Mr. Brigham Young most desires.

The proceedings of the afternoon session at the Tabernacle will have to be deferred one day, owing to the lateness of the hour in the evening when the conference adjourns. The morning transactions have to be written hastily to insure insertion.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Wednesday, October 7, 1868.                                      No. 128.

...[Apostle Cannon said] "...No greater evidence of our patience, forbearance, and law-abiding tendencies could be given than the fact that the author of these threats, falsehoods and slanders is not hung. He walks our streets unnoticed and unchallenged. In any other Territory he would be hung up to a telegraph pole by an outraged community. If the people will not sustain the author of these outrages on themselves, let them cease sustaining those who do sustain him, for the paper he publishes is subscribed for, fostered and sustained by individuals in this city who seek the support of this people..."

Gilmer (Bear River) has something near a thousand inhabitants, and is receiving large accessions daily, having already absorbed the whole of Green River City, and a part of Bryan. On Thursday morning the track layers were only twenty-six miles east of Gilmer, near Byrne's ranch, where it is proposed to have the stages connect for a few days.... The completion of the Union Pacific road to Bear River, (Gilmer,) is set for the 20th inst...

(under construction)

Note: In this issue there was a brief notice published, citing the discourse of Apostle George Q. Cannon, from the Fall LDS Conference, on Oct. 7th, as partly reported in the Deseret News: "Elder George Q. Cannon said this was a momentous period, and he felt deeply impressed with its importance. He was extremely desirous that the people should realize the full force of the course they had been pursuing. He reviewed the circumstances which had given power and influence to our enemies here in our midst, and referred to the events which occurred in Nauvoo immediately preceding the martyrdom of Joseph and Hyrum. The threat is made that we will be crushed and destroyed, and this threat is not made covertly, quietly, nor in a corner, but it is published in our principal city, and sent forth to the world, north, south, east and west, and with it slanders the most foul and abominable have been circulated. No greater evidence of our patience, forbearance, and law-abiding tendencies could be given than the fact that the author of these threats, falsehoods and slanders is not hung. He walks our streets unnoticed and unchallenged. In any other Territory he would be hung up to a telegraph pole by an outraged community. If the people will not sustain the author of these outrages on themselves, let them cease sustaining those who do sustain him, for the paper he publishes is subscribed for, fostered and sustained by individuals in this city who seek the support of this people." (Deseret Evening News, Oct. 7, 1868, reprinted in weekly Deseret News, of Oct. 14th, page 288. See also the semi-weekly Deseret Evening News of Nov. 3, 1868, page 2, in which Elder Cannon's Oct 7th Conference talk -- perhaps slightly expurgated -- was printed in full.)

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Thursday, October 8, 1868.                                      No. 129.




We had only time to make a bare allusion to the speech of Geo. Q. Cannon, editor of the Deseret News the organ of Brigham Young, at the tabernacle yesterday morning, and we now notice it more fully. It is to be regretted very much that a verbatim copy of this speech cannot be laid before the people of the United States. To style it as wicked and incendiary is not sufficient. It was a speech bathed in blood. He put the spirit of animosity sought to be engenderd against all who are not members of the Mormon church, in the bitterest, most forcible, and most vindictive language that had been used in this Conference up to that time. He aroused the passions of the people to the boiling point.

After a few minutes spent in going over the ground already gone over by his predecessors in the stand this week, he came to the work to which he had evidently been assigned; namely, an attack upon St. Mark's School of this city, and the Reporter. He stigmatised the school as one of the institutions of the wicked in the midst of 'Zion,' and asked, "shall such an institution be allowed to go on and innoculate the minds of our children with its damnable and pernicious doctrines?" and he received the response he had worked the people up to give: "No!"

Here we will say what we have in substance said before in the Reporter. This school is conducted by inobstrusive christian gentlemen. They are members of the Episcopal Church, under the patronage of which the school is; but they are as devoid of bigotry and sectarianism as any people we have ever met. The school is deservedly in a flourishing condition, and, therefore, its offensiveness in the eyes of the Mormon leaders.

The foundation for the attack upon the Reporter was laid in the recital of an incident of the Nauvoo history.

The speaker said when he was a boy in Nauvoo, he went to the office of the editor of the Mormon paper published there, with a proof sheet, and while waiting and it was read, he heard Joseph and Hyrum Smith talking about the Expositor published at Nauvoo by some "Apostates." The Expositor had just been declared a nuisence, and Hyrum said to Joseph that, rather than allow that paper to be published here to abuse and villify them and their wives and daughters, he would lay his body in the walls of the building from which it was issued.

The deaths of Joseph and Hyrum, and the "many Saints" that had suffered "martyrdom" for the "cause," were dwelt upon by the speaker in a way to arouse the bitterness and belligerence of his hearers to the highest pitch and, in this mood, they were informed that right here in this city, in the very centre of 'Zion" a paper was published as similar to the one that Hyrum had expressed his willingness to lay down his life to suppress, as any two things could be. Not only were the two papers so near alike that it was difficult to tell from which you were reading without reference to their headings, but the circumstances of the two periods were so near alike that he almost imagined himself a boy again. The people, then highly excited, were told that the Expositor was abated, and then extracts were read from the Reporter, and commented on in the most inflamable way, and then the highly wrought up people were told "that in any other community than this, such a paper as this (the Reporter) would be gutted inside of five days, and its editor strung up to a telegraph pole," which elicited responses loud and deep of "hear! hear!" and "here we are."

In working up his audience to the desired heat, Mr. Cannon made use of some material which has no foundation in truth. He said the Reporter had been the means of circulating, east; west, north and south, slanders the "most foul and abominable." The files of the Reporter, by which we are willing to stand or fall, will sustain us in saying that we have never published a slanderous article. We publish a paper adverse to the system sought to be fastened upon this Territory forever by Brigham Young and those around him who profit by the system now, and are sure to do so while it lasts. This system is at war with the liberal and just principles upon which the Government of the United States is founded, and, therefore, we are at war with it, and we shall carry on our war against it with all the ability God has given us. We shall attack the thing at its fountain head, and, eschewing slang, obscenity, "slander," and all licentiousness, will call things by their proper names, and speak of persons and their acts, and the effects of their acts, in the plainest and strongest language at our command; and in all ways and at all times use the freedom accorded to an American citizen, in "America," and we shall see whether the Reporter will be sustained while thus exercising the prerogative of the press. We have no quarrel with the great body of the Mormon people, or to speak more exactly, the laity of the church, unless they make it. Our vocation is not that of a pious proselyting missionary, but we have the good of the poorest Mormon at heart, and we shall work for that as ardently as we shall for anything else. The Constitution of the United States is the most liberal and humane instrument ever drafted by men, and the people of this Territory are on ground covered by it, and it shall ever be a pleasant labor to make them acquainted with its noble provisions, and work out for them the enjoyment of its glorious privileges. In doing this, we shall be compelled to attack the system now in vogue here, as administered by Brigham and those who do his bidding. We do not wish to be understood as intimating that we intend interfering in matters pertaining to the conscience, for we do not. Such matters must be adjusted by each individual with God. It is with temporal affairs we have to do. It is with the system, so far as it runs counter to liberal, progressive American ideas, and infringes upon the Constitution and laws of the country that we have to do, and when we are recreant to our duty in this respect, we expect to meet the condemnation of our fellow citizens and all good men everywhere.

In speaking of the threats of violence, we do not wish to assume the role of the braggadocio, if it is ever attempted we hope to be found acting up to the emergency. To him who threatens it, and uses his position, and what talents he possesses to urge others to do it, we have simply to say that he is not fit to be an American citizen, not fit to live in a land of liberty, he ought to be a subject of the Czar of Russia, or better still, of the King of Abbysinia. He would have made a good basket carrier for the guillotine, to carry away the heads of refractory subjects. We very much question the bravery of such a man, to say nothing of his Christianity. out upon you and your threats of assassination and violence. Your props must be very far gone when you have to resort to such means to save yourself.


The systematic course of deception, which has been pursued by the leaders of the Mormon church, and sanctioned by them when pactised by their underlings placed in authority over the people, is beginning to have its legitimate effects upon the minds of a great many. The near completion of the great trans-continental railway and the consequent introduction of those priceless boons of American liberty, the right to think, speak and act as conscience dictates, cause the hearts of many citizens of Utah to throb with the joy of mingled hope and expectation. Hundreds, who, deceived by the specious representations of Brigham and his agents, either came from Nauvoo after the death of Joseph Smith, or were subsequently induced to forsake everything with the expectation of finding happy homes in Utah, have found themselves ensnared within the meshes of the net, from which they have heretofore been powerless to escape. The perfect system of espionage, which has made the believing wife a spy upon the doubting husband, and, by means of teachers, sought out and dragged forth the innermost thoughts of the poor victim, while trembling before his inquisitors, has cemented and solidified the power of Brigham Young in the past by fears of dreadful results following a so-called apostacy. Fearful and dire penalties were imposed upon him who should forsake the system into which he had been drawn by the representations of missionaries sent forth for that purpose, who presented the beautiful rose while they carefully concealed its thorns. The progress of enlightenment, as to the true condition of affairs, has been great among the people of Utah within the short space of five years. They have seen their hard earnings slowly but surely absorbed by the church authorities, and scattered broadcast in senseless extravagance by their spendthrift sons. Men begin to talk and reason among themselves, asking, are these things right? How long shall we be compelled to endure the tyranny which has been imposed upon us? They welcome with delight missionaries from the East, who will help to break their chains, and joyfully hail the coming railroad, which will enable the people of Utah to regenerate Utah.

The Talk in the Tabernacle this morning ran in exactly the same channel that it has run during the whole Conference.

Note 1: Apostle Cannon spoke against the Reporter and other "damnable and pernicious" Gentile influences in Utah on Wednesday, Oct. 7th during the morning session of the semi-annual LDS Church Conference held in Salt Lake City. Reporter editor Samuel S. Saul barely had time to insert a brief mention of this disturbing event into that paper's columns as that day's afternoon press run was being finished up. The following day he penned his "Reign of Terror" editorial in response to Apostle Cannon.

Note 2: S. S. Saul, editor of the Reporter, was not not the only observer of the leaders of Brighamite Utah who spoke in such terms. The Plano, Illinois Saints' Herald of June 15, 1870 (published after the completion of the transcontinental railway and the inception of Gentile political activities in Utah) offered these remarks: "Thousands believe that we are on the eve of a great change in this place [Utah]. The 'peculiar institution' is weighed in the balance and found badly wanting; it is on its last leg, and that is very much crippled. The 'reign of terror' in Utah, thank heaven, is on the wane. Brigham's 'Star' is getting dim, and ere long it will set no more to rise to distress mankind. The present is comparatively a day of freedom in Salt Lake City."

Vol. I.                                         Salt Lake City, U. T., Friday, October 9, 1868.                                          No. 130.


"Whom the gods would destroy they first make mad," is a wise axiom of the ancients, and never was the wisdom of it more fully demonstrated than in the Mormon Conference held in this city this week. For some undefined reason the Mormon leaders developed at this conference a plan of warfare against the Gentiles in this Territory, which could have only originated in the brain of insane men, who would blindly let their insanity rush them on to their own destruction. We have given this plan from day to day as it was unfolded. It bears evidence of having been long and carefully considered, and deliberately, and we may say, maliciously determined upon.

It has for its object, the futile and insane design of appropriating this Territory to the exclusive use and behoof of a set of men who conceive that they can perpetuate a system here, by which they and their posterity can lord it over the people and their posterity, whom they now rule with an absoluteness unknown among the most despotic tyrants of the Old World. It is said, by those most conversant with the Mormon people in this Territory, that there is a great disaffection among the hitherto faithful, much murmurings of dissatisfaction with the leaders, and, hence, these wild, outrageous resorts to excite the religious feelings of the people, and rally them around them once more. But we say to the people, stand firm under; to the disaffected, hold out; the day of your deliverance is near at hand. Brigham, and those who oppress you, are on the downgrade. The measures they take to prop themselves will work their sure overthrow.


There is a commotion in Zion. The faithful of the Lord have gathered once more in the City of the Saints, to moralize upon the uncertainties of Utah life -- to adore His Holiness, the ancient and favored Brigham, and to hurl defiance and hatred in the teeth of the few remaining Gentiles, who have for many years withstood the storm of Mormon wrath and persecution, and anchored here beneath the shadow of Great Brigham's throne, amid the glare of the flaming torches of his Angels of Peace (?) to pursue the even tenor of their way and enjoy "the bitter little that of life remains." All hail the peaceful reign of a harmonious and loving master! When the King speaks let all Mormondom be silent! Hearken unto the sayings of this "Prince of Peace," oh, ye Gentiles, through his chosen orator, for in them there is much food for meditation, and much to be garnered up for the day of wrath which is to dawn.

Ye have grown fat upon the proceeds of your labor, and it is unseemly in the eyes of the faithful unto whom much fatness doth not adhere -- save unto the few, who by reason of much labor in tithes gathering, have become like unto their well-fed Gentile brethren.

Ye have built houses of granite in their midst, and store-houses of much space and strength, and have filled them with many goods, rich in pattern and fine of texture, and enduring the wearers thereof. A sainted brother who entered in among ye, being dazzled by the splendor of your array, and his appetite sharpened by the overpowering sense of the "goodness of the goods" for the inner man, fain would not depart until he had laid by with you, instead of his Mormon brother, the dollars and cents earned by his own industry, but which should have gone to enrich his brother's coffers -- regardless of the quid pro quo.

Ye have built a church in their midst, established a religion ordained in the faith of your fathers, created schools for the instruction of the young of all creeds and gathered into your fold some of the innocent offspring of your Mormon brethren.

And, oh, horror of horrors! The most atrocious crime of all crimes against reason, justice and the immortal principles of truth, against the advancing interests of this age of progress and enlightenment, and all the sublime doctrines of progression in learning and refinement cultivation and information, ye have established a newspaper in their midst, which comports not in character with their chosen organs, but which is the advocate of equality and liberty on American soil wherever the flag may float to venerate the cherished ideas of peace and union to those who, amid the blaze of battle and the red cloud of war, fought beneath its glorious folds and bear the honorable scars of bloody battle -- which is also the advocate of free competition in the markets of the States and Territories -- in the trades and professions of mankind -- in the accelerating influences that operate in the great workshops of civilization, and the reorganizing principles of individual and cooperative action, that, as they are exercised for the weal or woe of mankind, make the scales of freedom go up and down.

Now, hearken ye unto the sayings of the Prophet of the Lord, in these latter days, and his faithful co-adjutors. This Gentile prosperity and progression in the midst of the land, in full view of the faithful and beneath the shadow of the throne, must cease at once. It can no longer be tolerated in Israel. The fiat has gone forth, and these works of labor and of love must come to an untimely end -- be like mile stones on a deserted road, or like the ruins of Palmyra or ancient Greece. Even nature must cease her development, or move in crooked wayward lines. No longer does a common origin and common manhood bind the human race. No longer can the eternal principles of light, and life, and truth and reason sway the minds of men and govern their daily actions. They are all to be obliterated as "footprints on the sands of time." Faithful co-adjutors and favorable combinations of circumstances, and strength of martial squad, sometimes are great auxiliaries to successful results; but in this case the Prophet of these latter days, will do the work unaided, and scatter the Gentile hosts unto the corners of the earth, as by mighty winds from Aeolian caves. Standing within the Tabernacle of sounding proportions, or on Ensign Peak, of immortal fame, or beneath the crested heights of rugged Wasatch, where the gates of the east open the winding road, where many a pilgrim foot has trod and many a longing eye been cast, standing in the might and power of his own gigantic strength, like the shrouded Junius, he will dare all to combat -- King, Lords and Commoners -- but, unlike that terrible shadow, he will fight in the open lists, defying God, Man, and the Devil -- the United States Government -- the whole Yankee race -- whole fleets of iron and whole armies of blood-dyed veterans.

But, first of all, a more pacific policy must prevail. Ends may be attained without all this display of individual prowess and martial skill and fervor. Logic, inexorable logic, may, after all, be the charm which will drive away the pain that a Gentile presence produces. Let the reasoning be made known. The Gentile element is weak in the midst of the faithful, although their labor and industry has made them prosperous and wealthy. In the light of the nineteenth century and the advancing railroad, it will not do to murder them at one fell blow as were some of their kith and kin in earlier days, although it would delight the facetious souls of many of the faithful to behold a few dangling from telegraph poles and their homes pillaged and their business places "gutted," yet the more merciful plan of starvation can be adopted to accomplish the desired result. Now the Gentile element being weak in our midst, and the saints being strong in numbers and faithful in disposition, they will be crushed and starved out of our midst, and out of existence by non-intercourse on the part of the faithful, and mighty proscriptions on the part of the magnates. Therefore, this proclamation shall issue -- "that henceforth and forever in Zion it shall be unlawful for a saint to enter the domicile or storehouse of a loathsome Gentile, or purchase from him any article that he may offer for sale, no matter at what low price it may be sold, or to sell or trade to any of the aforesaid race any article that a saint may have for disposal, no matter at what high figure it may be sold, or to give, grant or present even in the name of charity, anything that a saint may possess, not excepting an article of food, to a Gentile, tho' he be sorely pressed by hunger; for they are 'vipers in the midst of the faithful.' And the penalty of any violation or infraction of the commands thus issued, in the name of the Lord, shall be met by the severest punishment, even to the excommunication of the offender and confiscation unto the church, in the name of the Lord, the goods and chattels and earthly possessions of each and every offender." -- This, then, is the issued joined. This, then, is the doctrine that, henceforth, is to govern all Zion in its dealings with the "vipers in their midst." Oh, brave and generous race! Oh, noble and exalted manhood! Oh, glorious and triumphant religion that teaches such doctrines of peace and good will to man! Worthy followers of the "Prince of Peace!'"

But just here we have a word to say for the benefit of our Mormon brethren. If they have sounded their bugle blast of war and proscription against the non-Mormon element of this Territory in dead earnest; if it be not an empty threat to cover some unpleasant matters that have arisen in the mind of the ruler of the faithful, then we accept the issue, and will endeavor to meet it as becomes men who have known what it is to suffer in the fires of persecution for the sake of great principles, and have come forth from its flames with the powers of manhood strengthened and re-invigorated. We have not courted this proscription but have wished to live in peace with all men. But in this issue we do not fear the result. Idle threats may be made about hanging us to telegraph poles, and "gutting" our offices and pillaging our houses, but we care no more for them than an echo of the winds. We are not to be driven from here by such threats. This is our post, and here we shall remain. A new era will dawn on this misguided people. The United States Government will no longer stand supinely by and see its citizens murdered in cold blood without bringing the fiends to justice. That dark day of horrors, when honest men feared their lives, has, in the mutability of men and things, passed away. Assassination will no longer be tolerated by a free people, and if this be attempted, the result will be, that the temple of Mormon violence will fall around them. We say injury and violence must cease, or the United States Government will enforce its laws and protect its citizens here, as elsewhere, in their lawful pursuits and enjoyment of life, liberty and prosperity. We shall continue as good citizens, to quietly pursue the tenor of our way, regardless of their animadversions. Our churches and schools shall remain and flourish like the Green Bay tree, open unto all. Our stores and places of business will continue to thrive by the inexorable laws of trade, over which, His Holiness has no control. They shall be opened unto all, and no man shall go away empty-handed. As for our newspapers, it is not necessary for us to say much. In the future, as in the past, it shall be the beacon light on those walls of "Zion," to point out the way to peace and security. Secure in the strength of conscious right and imbued with lofty purposes of doing good unto all men -- ever denouncing the wrong and championing the right -- fearing no man or class of men, and regardless of threats of being hung to lamp-post or telegraph poles, we will ever be found at our post, advocating our views as best we can, and exercising the rights of an American citizen, guaranteed to us by our Government, which has declared that it will protect each and every citizen who plants himself beneath the folds of its flag, and demands that protection, accorded by all governments against internecine as well as foreign foes.

The above article was written for yesterday's paper, but, owing to an extra amount of other matter, it was crowded out.

Note 1: The "Issue Joined" guest editorial was composed by John Wesley Clampitt -- On page 305 of his 1890, Echoes from the Rocky Mountains, he offers this insight into the situation in Salt Lake City, following the Mormons' Fall Conference: "The conference remained in session several days, but the Mormon leaders, while still haranguing their followers concerning the atrocious designs of the infidel Gentile, no longer called upon them to revenge the newspaper assaults upon their integrity as a church, and the peculiar form of their religion. -- A strong party of the editor's friends quietly guarded his office and property, and, thoroughly armed, could, from the peculiar structure of the passage way, leading to his rooms on the second floor of the building over the First National Bank, have preserved it from an attack of a much stronger force. Although this fact was known as well as other measures of preservation which had been taken, still I have always believed that the sudden change of front of the Mormon leaders was not so much due to this action, or anything contained in the editorials of the paper, as to the decided action of the commander of Camp Douglas, who privately conveyed to Brigham Young the fact that he would hold him personally responsible for the lives and property of the Gentile element, which he so strongly condemned in his excited speeches."

Note 2: John H. Beadle's first "letter to the editor" was evidently printed in this issue, under the title of "The Mormon Hierarchy." The editor of the Cheyenne Leader noticed a "temporary suspension" of the Reporter at this time -- evidently no issues were printed between October 10th and 20th. Although later Beadle said that Mr. Saul went on "a trip East," and surrendered the paper's editorship upon his return, it appears more likely that the intimidated California journalist took the Mormon order to "leave the Territory" very seriously and was happily relieved, upon his return from the "East," in being able to sell out to Beadle and associates.

Note 3: In a lengthy editorial, entitled "Crisis in Utah," printed in the Montana Post of Oct. 23, 1868, some of Editor Saul's remarks (and perhaps Clampitt's and Beadle's comments as well) are paraphrased and characterized as "a commotion." The writer says: "The Reporter is full of editorials referring to the proceedings of this conference. From these partial reports we learn that... the Reporter, the 'Gentile' paper of the city, came in for its full share of abuse. Extracts were read from it and commented upon in the most inflammable manner, and the congregation told that in any other community such a paper would have its office gutted and its editor strung up to a telegraph pole within five days. These remarks elicited much enthusiasm among the audience, and found practical results in the shape of several anonymous communications of a threatening character addressed to the editor of the Reporter. One of these, written in blood red ink, was ornamented with the figure of a skeleton suspended over a gallows, and ordered the Reporter man to leave the Territory within twenty-four hours under penalty of being made to assume a position similar to that represented by the figure. -- The Gentiles, for their part, have determined to fight the battle out on the line which they have marked out for themselves. The Reporter announces its purpose to hold its position and the merchants of anti-Mormon predilections have commenced the aggressive warfare by the reduction of prices ten per cent. As to the result of the contest none can be in doubt. Although Brigham may for a short time so far succeed as to greatly injure his opponents in their business and social relations, it is apparent that Mormonism must, in the end, succumb to that civilization of the19th century to which it is in direct antagonism."

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Saturday, October 10, 1868.                                      No. 131.


Nothing is more repugnant to the spirit of our free American institutions, than the centralization of absolute power in the hands of one individual. Such a state of affairs would be a direct return to the despotism from which the country was freed by our Revolutionary ancestors, and which it has been the object of succeeding generations to preserve us from. When a person assumes the government or control of a large body of people, with no checks or restraints upon his conduct, there is nothing to prevent him eventually from punishing the slightest disregard of his power, or disobedience to his will, with death. So absolute may become his power, that, aided by a comparatively small number of individuals in the community who are ready to do his bidding, and kill all rebels or apostates, he can obtain as absolute a control over a body of people as the Czar of the Russians. It is very seldom that in the infancy of an attempt to redress a people's wrongs, any well organized and concerted plan of action is undertaken, and therefore, despots have the upper hand. If any one, two or half a dozen individuals lead out in an enterprise of this sort, before they have obtained converts to their cause sufficient in number to make them strong, assassination decimates their ranks and weakens their efforts. It is only by the sudden and spontaneous outburst of a large number of people, by concerted and united action, that any ground may be gained at the outset towards putting down the despotic authority of an usurper of the people's rights. A long and systematic course of wrong and oppression is however, sure to produce such results, and it is only a question of time as to when it will take place. There is no despotic system so odious as that which aims at controlling the conscience, as well as the actions, of the subject. In that control lies a two-fold source of power. By diving into and searching out the very thoughts of the subject, his actions may be the more effectually controlled. If he but thinks that any act of the despot is wrong, although he commits no overt act against the power of the ruler, it is a crime thought worthy of the direst penalties which can be inflicted. We have beheld the growth of such a power here in Utah during the last twenty years, and that power has been maintained by terrorism and bloodshed. The renunciation of allegiance to the despot who rules here has in every instance been thought worthy of death, and such a doctrine has at times been openly preached in the tabernacle. It is evident from the signs of the times that the day is fast approaching when such things shall cease to exist in this Territory; peaceably if they will, but the power of the government will be exerted to correct the evils that exist.

FOUL AND FAIR NOTICE. -- Within a short period there has been received, through the post office, three anonymous, threatening letters, addressed to the editor of the Reporter. The last one was received yesterday. It was written in red ink, over the figure of a skeleton suspended on a gallows. It ordered the editor of the Reporter to leave the Territory in twenty-four hours, and if he did not he might expect to find himself in the position indicated by the figure, Whether these menacing notices emanated from the "authorities" -- from those who control and work the machinery that moves and guides the assassin in his foul deeds, or not, they are the dastardly fruits of the diabolical teachings at the Conference this week. Were the people not told, from the pulpit, that it was a burning shame that such a paper as this was allowed to be published here, and that in any other community the thing would be gutted and its editor hanged inside of five days? Could stronger language be used to incite men to commit an outrage. What then is to be expected at this office but such notices? But having received notice, we wish also to give notice that here we shall remain, faithful to our work, unintimidated by threats of murder and destruction, and heeding them only so far as to be prepared to meet our enemies should they attack us, and fight them while there is a shot in the locker.

REMOVAL. -- We will remove our office, for reasons published a few weeks ago, to the building 1 door south of the Delmonico Hotel, Monday next. The removal, and a little change in the appearance of the paper, will make it necessary to miss one issue of the paper; probably two. We extend a cordial invitation to the friends of the Reporter to visit us at our new office, and assure them that they will be as welcome as the sun's rays on a wintry day.

Our local column has suffered severely this week, but when we get ensconced in our new quarters and don a new dress, we shall make up for it, and we can promise our readers that the argus eyes of our "local" will not let anything worthy of notice pass unseen, but will dot it down to keep them informed of city events.

DETERMINED TO UNDERSELL. -- The Gentile merchants of this city have unanimously put down the price of their goods ten per cent.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                     Salt Lake City, U. T., Monday, October 12, 1868.                                      No. 132.

Numerous speculators are watching the point with interest. But the location is still in doubt.... at no very distant day Salt Lake City will have a rapidly-growing rival here. It will be a Gentile city, and will make the first great trial between Mormon institutions and outsiders.... It will have its period of violence, disruption, and crime... before it becomes a permanent, well-governed city....

(under construction)

Note 1: The date of the above excerpt is questionable. It was evidently published in the Reporter before being featured in the Cincinnati Commercial of Oct. 17th.

Note 2: This would be the last Monday edition of the Reporter for several months. Beginning on Oct. 25th it added a Sunday edition and dropped its previous Monday publication day.

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