Reporter issues published in Great Salt Lake City
(May 1868-April 1869)

Reporter issues published in Corinne
(Apr.-Aug. 1869)
04 20 '69  |  04 21 '69  |  04 22 '69  |  04 23 '69  |  04 24 '69  |  04 24 '69w  |  04 25 '69  |  04 27 '69  |  05 01 '69  |  05 12 '69
05 22 '69w  |  05 29 '69w  |  06 01 '69  |  06 05 '69w  |  06 12 '69w  |  06 22 '69  |  06 30 '69  |  07 07 '69  |  07 10 '69w  |  07 17 '69w
07 24 '69w  |  08 01 '69  |  08 07 '69w  |  08 14 '69w  |  08 21 '69w  |  08 28 '69w

(Sep.-Dec. 1869)
09 04 '69w  |  09 11 '69w  |  09 18 '69w  |  09 25 '69w  |  10 02 '69w  |  10 09 '69w  |  10 16 '69s  |  10 23 '69s  |  10 27 '69s  |  11 02 '69t
11 04 '69t  |  11 06 '69t  |  11 09 '69t  |  11 11 '69t  |  11 13 '69t  |  11 16 '69t  |  11 18 '69t  |  11 20 '69t  |  11 23 '69t  |  11 25 '69t
11 27 '69t  |  11 30 '69t  |  12 02 '69t  |  12 04 '69t  |  12 07 '69t  |  12 09 '69t  |  12 14 '69t  |  12 16 '69t  |  12 18 '69t  |  12 21 '69t
12 23 '69t  |  12 25 '69t  |  12 28 '69t  |  12 30 '69t

(Jan.-Dec. 1870)
01 01 '70t  |  01 04 '70t  |  01 06 '70t  |  01 15 '70w  |  01 22 '70w  |  01 27 '70t  |  02 01 '70t  |  02 03 '70t  |  02 08 '70t  |  02 26 '70w
03 24 '70t  |  03 26 '70w  |  03 29 '70t  |  04 16 '70t  |  04 21 '70t  |  04 23 '70t  |  04 30 '70t  |  05 03 '70t  |  05 14 '70w  |  05 21 '70w
06 02 '70  |  06 10 '70  |  06 11 '70w  |  06 18 '70w  |  06 29 '70  |  07 09 '70w  |  07 16 '70w  |  07 29 '70  |  08 04 '70  |  08 06 '70w
08 13 '70w  |  08 20 '70w  |  08 27 '70w  |  09 03 '70w  |  09 08 '70  |  09 12 '70  |  10 08 '70w  |  10 29 '70w  |  10 31 '70  |  11 05 '70
11 12 '70  |  12 05 '70

Reporter issues published in Corinne
(Jan. 1871-Oct. 1873)

Salt Lake Union Vedette   |   Cincinnati Commercial   |   Salt Lake Tribune   |   Mountain Meadows
Library Home Page   |    J. H. Beadle Biographical Sketches   |    Reporting About J. H. Beadle

Vol. II.                                              Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, April 20, 1869.                                              No. 129.

DISSOLUTION. -- Notice is hereby given that the partnership, heretofore existing in the name and style of Aulbach, Beadle & Barrett, was dissolved, April 20th, by the withdrawal of John Barrett. The undersigned, having purchased the entire interest, will continue the publication of the Utah Reporter under the firm name of Aulbach & Beadle.
ADAM AULBACH.           
J. H. BEADLE.           

On Thursday night last the performance at the theatre was suspended by the serious illness of Mr. Herne, and on Saturday night Miss Western was so beastly drunk that she could not play her part. She was unable to speak her lines and could give only the cues, and sometimes not even those. The play was Foul Play, and in the scene upon the desert island where she has to ascend to the platform to light the beacon fire, she fell flat at the foot of the stairs and had to be picked up by one of the performers. It was foul play, indeed.

Alas! Lucille! How hast thou fallen. Comes not back the memories of fifteen years, when the "Three Fast Men" with Tom Hamilton as Jerry Blossom, opened the budding blossoms of your talents to nerve your soul to better purposes? Have you forgotten the thousands who have wept at your Lady Isabel, in later years? Bayard Taylor's unintentional criticism into favor of "Then You'll Remember Me," will have unpleasant associations if you do these things now even among the mountains of Utah.

Note: The reporting date on the Lucille Western piece is unvarified. It may have appeared in the last issue published in Salt Lake City.

Vol. II.                                              Corinne, U. T., Wednesday, April 21, 1869.                                              No. 130.



Great was the [stupification] of the faithful when the "Lion of the Lord" -- alias Brigham -- got into such a towering passion the last day of Conference, and cursed the Administration, the country and mankind in general. Some of "this people" surmised that he had a sudden fit of insanity, while the most charitable outsiders apologized for him on the ground that he was drunk. But a few days revealed the reason of his sudden wrath. A few hours before that harrangue was delivered Brigham had received a telegram from Hon. W. H. Hooper, to the effect that the latter "could not control a single appointment to the Territory." Hence Brigham's wrath.
"The wrath which hurled to Pinto's gloomy reign.Gentile chiefs untimely slain." Or would have "hurled" them if Brigham's power had been half as great as some of his deluded followers imagine. "When the wicked mourn the people rejoice," and in this wrath and its cause we see great hope for Utah. The new Administration evidently sees the necessity of sending to Utah men of decided views, who will represent a Christian government and monogamic society. The temporizing policy of the last twelve years is going away, clowly it may be, to more decision. To this end we have labored and prayed, and we rejoice at the results. We radical Gentiles might wish the Administration had gone a little further in the same direction, but radicals of any party can seldom be entirely satisfied; we must rest content with a compromise. In our issue yesterday morning a slip of the pen made us say that we "knew nothing of Captain Burton's successor," the Collector of Internal Revenue. Of course we meant Mr. Carey, the new Assessor. We are happy to say we do know something of the newly appointed Collector, O. J. Hollister, a well and favorably known citizen of this place, one of the fathers of Corinne, in fact an "old settler" of the oldest, who has done more to make Corinne known than any other private citizen. We congratulate him on his promotion, and hail the appointment as one eminently fit to be made. So far we are deeply gratified at the appointments, though we regret Brigham's anger. We hope he will have cause for rage once more, when we announce the appointment of Governor Connor, then the "Lion" may quietly retire as one whose day is past. Some twelve years ago he propounded to J. Buchanan this conndrum: "Why am I superior to your government? And the A. P. F. sat down for a year with his "masterly inactivity" and tried to study it out. Grant seems determined to show him that the question is founded on a false postulate.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                              Corinne, U. T., Thursday, April 22, 1869.                                              No. 131.


When the city of Corinne was first laid out it was generally thought that its continued existence depended upon the action of the railroad companies -- that their decision would make or unmake it. The day of that idea is passed. There must be a town of some importance here, be the action of the companies what it may. The Central Railroad, if it gain control of this part [of] the line, may grant or withhold something towards our prosperity; but only a part. Her addition would help, but without it there is ample provision for a thriving trade. The universal conviction in the minds of visitors that this is the proper point for a city has its foundation in well ascertained facts. Flattering as our progress has been thus far, be it remembered that it is all in advance of railroad help. The railroad has not landed a pound of freight here as yet; even the track still belongs to the Casements; they have not turned it over to the company. If it is so in the green tree, what shall be done in the dry? A number of cars loaded with freight for Montana are already at Wasarch, waiting for the road here to be turned over, while the trains to carry the freight to Montana are waiting in Cache Valley. In one month from to-day the freighting northward from Corinne will be an important business. To suppose that teams will go thirty miles further south, and haul their loads that distance alongside of a railroad, when they can purchase cheaper here, is absurd. The northern trade is centering here already; it will all be ours when the railroad is fully opened.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                              Corinne, U. T., Friday, April 23, 1869.                                              No. 132.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                              Corinne, U. T., Saturday, April 24, 1869.                                              No. 133.


SALT LAKE CITY, April 19, '69.           
The departure of the Reporter for Corinne has caused at least one of the "bulls-eye" papers of this city to experience sensations of relief, and not having the fear of immediate retaliation before its eyes, it has indulged in its usual strains of invective and abuse without restraint. Unable to reply to the caustic articles and cutting truths which have appeared in the Reporter from time to time, the Telegraph has perforce remained silent, but as soon as the absence of its opponent offered a clear field for the exercise of that peculiar talent which its editor possesses, it sought to strike a blow at the back of -- not daring to face -- its antagonist. The calling of its real editor, John Jacques, the only man in the whole establishment having sufficient brains to write a leader, upon a mission, threatens to undermine the already weak foundations upon which the Salt Lake Telegraph stands until the whole establishment will finally topple over in ruins, Sic transi gloria Stenhousis.

After the great splurge of the arch-traitor and double-dyed villain, Brigham Young, on the last day of Conference, Zion remains in a state of tranquility. C-operation pursues the even tenor of its way and business has a decided tendency to dullness. "Old Brig" has gone to Dixie and the sentiment of many a heart is "may he never return, and may his journey be continued to a hotter clime than the region of St. George." "Young Brig" remains at home to look after his father's concubines and see that no daring usurper seeks to grasp the royal sceptre of "King Brigham. Should such a one present himself he would be handed over to the "buffetings of Satan" and the tender mercies of the "Danite Band," P. P. Rockwell chief murderer.

The Masons gave one of their entertaining sociables, the 1th inst., which was well attended.

On the same evening "Foul Play" was produced at the Salt Lake Theatre and very foully played.There was not a character in the play, with the exception of those presented by Mr. Herne and Miss Lockhart, respectably represented, and the whole affair was tame and spiritless.

On Tuesday evening, the 17th inst., Miss Adams made her last appearance, an on dil has it that she is soon to be married to Mr. James Kiskadden, one of our most promising "Gentile" citizens....

We hear that the Corinnites have forwarded a petition to President Grant asking for the appointment of General Connor as Governor of Utah, and protection for American citizens in this Territory. Rest assured that you have the hearty co-operation and support of all honest "Gentiles" in this city. I am sorry to say that there are a few apostate Gentiles here who have sold their souls to the devil and Brigham, and who deprecate any action upon the part of the Gentiles in opposition to the Mormon leaders. Let no such men be trusted. More anon.

PUZZLED. -- A friend at Brigham City sends us a card, which he represents, is used as an advertising dodge among the immaculate Saints of Utah. The card is hieroglyphically embellished with the two latest inventions of the age -- the velocipeds and grecian bend -- preceded by a "purp" standing on his hind feet. The picture is a novelty and says "copyright secured." This, our friend says, is an advertisement for a certain sewing machine, but we are unable to perceive the "stiches." This is a fast age, and Utah cannot escape its velocipeding influences.

THE WEEKLY REPORTER. -- The first number of the Weekly at Corinne will go forth this morning. It comprises all the valuable reading matter of the daily during the past week. Circulate it, and bring Corinne before the world. Copies can be had at the office.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, April 24, 1869.                                            No. 1.


Our remarks on the Great Salt Lake, a few days ago have elicited some criticism and a few have expressed doubts of their correctness. In one point, speaking of the rise of the Lake surface, the language may have implied that the increase has been equal in consecutive years. Such is not the case. The Lake rose nine feet during the years 1866 and '67. The water, in 1865 and prior thereto, contained very nearly 22 per cent. of saline matter, and during the dry season thousands of barrels of salt were precipitated on the shores. Some of this was taken away and used by the settlers, the remainder was, with the rising of the Lake, again taken up and dissolved. We present here the analysis of the Lake water, taken by Dr. Gale in 1865:

"One hundred parts by weight were evaporated to dryness in a water bath below the boiling point, and then heated to about 300 degrees of the thermometer, and retained at that heat till the mass ceaaed to loss any weight. It gave solid contents, 22.282, which consisted of:
Chloride of Sodium (common salt) -- 20.190
Sulphate of Soda -- 1.834
Chloride of Magnesium -- 0.252
Chloride of Calcium -- a trace
Total: 22.282."
This is about six times as dense at ordinary sea water in which the solid contents are commonly estimated at 3.5 per cent. or about one pound in twenty-nine. It will be at once evident that the Lake water cannot be used in the boiler for navigation; it is already denser, more saline, than the water blown out of the boiler of an ocean steamer. This has proved to be a serious inconvenionce in the navigation of the Kate Connor " and it is to be hoped the newly invented spray condenser will prove a perfect success. But the water is not now so dense as the above table would indicate, with the rise of the water in 1866 the saline matter fell from 22 to 18 per cent., and with a further rise in '67 fell to 14 per cent., at least in Bear River Bay. During 1868 the Lake rose several feet, which has of course caused a further reduction in the per cent. of saline matter, but we have no analysis made within the last year and a half. An addition of fresh water to the Lake now, equal to that added in '66 or '67, would not cause the same rise as it did in those years, as the western shore is very low and flat, causing the waters to spread over a large extent of surface. The water of Bear River Bay is probably a little less saline than that of the western arm of the Lake, but not much so. As it is, the Dead Sea of Palestine is its only known superior in density; that contains 24.5 per cent. of solid material! Like the Lake it is impossible to sink in it, but very easy to drown, as one may lose his balance and float with head under water till asphyxia results. Notwithstanding two elaborate surveys and numerous visits by scientific men, many curious questions about this remarkable body of water remain unanswered.

So far the experiment of boating on the Lake has proved very uninteresting, to those making it at least. The first trip of the Kate Connor from E. T. City to Monument Point demonstrated the necessity of building the boat almost anew and putting in heavier machinery. This was got through from Chicago about the middIe of February, and another trip sufficed to render the boiler unserviceable from the bad qualities of the water used. Still another boiler was put in and a third trip made successfully, better water having been found on the lake shore. On her fourth trip the boat was caught in the prevalent heavy storm, and was obliged to cut loose from the scow she was towing, which drifted back toward the starting point. This was the last we have heard from the enterprise.

There is no doubt of the practicability of navigating the lake, but it must be done by boats of larger tunnage, and with more power than the pioneer in the business, the Kate Connor.

A line of packets plying between Salt Lake City and Corinne, one leaving each place every morning and making the trip by daylight, would no doubt pay. Salt Lake, the Dead sea of the saints, with its mountain island and hidden outlets, being one of the most noted novelties of the Rocky Mountains, furnishing also a cheap means of transportation between the two points, perhaps the cheapest way of getting merchandise to Salt Lake City until a branch railroad shall have been built to that town. Gen. Connor's experiment has at least demonstrated the feasibility of such navigation, although it has cost him dearly.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                              Corinne, U. T., Sunday, April 25, 1869.                                              No. 134.


The natives of Australia have a curious weapon called "the boomerang." An expert can throw it around a corner; or in such a way that after striking an object it will rebound and land at the feet of the projector. But it is not a safe projectile for beginners. In fact, in returning it is apt to light on their heads instead of at their feet. This is just the case with the logic of some people we know of. It proves too much. It rebounds on the pate of the projector.

And this is peculiarly the case with Mormon philosophy. Especially that of the Salt Lake Telegraph. An eastern paper suggests that a premium be offered to every man who will "marry the second wife of a Mormon and adopt her children," upon which the Telegraph retorts that "a sufficient premium already exists in the shape of a blue pill for any man that interferes with another's wife." Is that reall good Mormon doctrine? They are fond of asserting they will shoot any man who takes one of their "women." Suppose we Gentiles should adopt the same rule? We would begin on Brigham, who parter a merchant of Boston from his wife and took her unto himself. Then we ought, by the same rule, to shoot that reprobate bishop, who got a young husband sent on a mission and took his wife during his absence. And wasn't there one of the Young family whose young wife was literally stolen from him while he was on a mission?

But take a more noted example: Parley P. Pratt was the "Apostle" of Mormonism, the martyr whose fate above all others is regarded as a damning testimony against Gentiles. What had Parley P. Pratt done? He had simply seduced and ran away with the wife of Hector McLean, of Arkansas, who, like a true man, took Pratt's life. Suppose McLean had taken only the fifth wife of Pratt; would not every Mormon have justified his assassination? But Pratt took the only wife of McLean, at once robbing and dishonoring him. It makes a vast difference the way you state things. In Mormon language, "Pratt converted Mrs. McLean to Mormonism and afterwards married her; he was making converts to the true faith and his action was right." Suppose we should convert a few of their women to Gentileism, would they view it so cooly? Parley P. Pratt was killed for doing just what every Mormon swears he would kill a Gentile for doing. Yet he is a martyr to the faith, and his death was an act of "persecution."

Verily, it maketh a vast difference whose ox is gored.

A PUSILLANIMOUS SAINT! -- Several days ago Stenhouse, editor and proprietor of the Salt Lake Telegraph, made his debut in Corinne. He left the city suddenly, why we were not able to learn until yesterday, when we were informed by parties from Salt Lake City that Stenhouse says that there was a move on foot to duck him in Bear River, and tar and feather him, too. After diligent inquiry into the matter we learned the following particulars: When it became known that Stenhouse was in town, a half intoxicated individual said he ought to be tarred and feathered. Some excitable person informed Stenhouse that he must not e surprised if he became the recipient of a new suit of clothes of salt and pepper figure and close fit! Stenhouse's eyes expanded at the information the whipping of Weston flitted painfully across his recollection; he saw all sorts of dangers (the guilty always do) surrounding him, so he concluded he had better "git," not to stand upon the order of his going, but to go at once, which he did, and afoot.

Now, we can say that Stenhouse did not stand in the least danger; he could have stayed here as long as he pleased without molestation. Thecitizens of Corinne respect law and order, and we can assure our Mormon friends who visit Corinne that they need not stand in fear of any injustice being done them if the law can shield them. We want to cultivate friendly and intimate relations with the Mormon people, and we trust that such a guilty poltroon and lily-livered coward and sneak as T. B. H. Stenhouse, who turns white with fear at the approach of a spider and shivers in every limb at the rustle of the wind, can not impugn the motive of the people of Corinne. Stenhouse would be as safe from harm here as when lying in the arms of his concubines at his home in Salt Lake City. However conspicuous Stenhouse has been in the past in denouncing those not belonging to the Mormon faith, they want to make no retaliation, and, like true Christians, although surrounded by uncouth influences, will dispense charity for blows received. Nothing but the guilty conscience of the villain could have prompted him to trump up the story that a mob here wanted to do him harm, and thereby using it to influence the more timid of our Mormon friends, and represent to them the danger of visiting this city. We hope they possess more common sense and courage than Stenhouse.

"MORMON VISION" -- From parties who were present, we learn that a trial took place at Brigham City on Thursday last, which exceeded (if possible) everything in the annals of Mormondom foe official nastiness. The case was one of seduction, and both the accused and the prosecutrix were the greenest of their respective sexes. Judge Smith at first attempted to question the putative, or rather disputative, father of the child, in something like mild terms, but in the utter hopelessness of making him comprehend, was forced to the plainest Saxon, and thereafter Judge, lawyers and parties vied with each other in the exceeding plainness of their terms. We are promised a verbatim report, and may, perhaps, publish it as an appendix to the "suppressed edition" of Brigham's sermon's, or Phelps' "Sermon on the Mount."

The case was terminated by having the parties married at once in open court.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                              Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, April 27, 1869.                                              No. 135.

NOTICE. -- We hereby warn the public to credit no one on our account without a written order from us. We would thank parties, if they will inform us immediately of any one seeking credit on the Reporter account, or representing themselves as connected with it and traveling upon its reputation. Debts contracted by such persons will receive no consideration from us.   AULBACH & BEADLE.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                              Corinne, U. T., Saturday, May 1?, 1869.                                              No. ?

The New Route to China -- The First Travelers.

Three gentlemen from London, on their way for Hong Kong, stopped in town night before last. To China and Japan the Pacific Railroad offers a route from London ten or twelve days shorter than any other, and affording the traveler the pleasure of passing the continent of the United States in review from Boston or New York to San Francisco. Think of it as a pleasure trip; thirty-five hundred miles over every variety of scenery in the world, from the highly cultivated slopes and valleys of Massachusetts to the gloomy gorges of the Rocky Mountains, the cloud compelling peaks of the same, the Dead Sea, the Mississippi prairies, the great American Desert and the American Andes thrown in as side-shows! With the completion and equipment of the road, the trip will be very agreeable, personally, -- what with good eating-houses and hotels along the road, sleeping and hotel and silver-mounted cars.

Note: The exact date of this article has not yet been determined. A reprint appeared in the Philadelphia Daily Evening Bulletin of May 12, 1869.

Vol. II.                                              Corinne, U. T., Wednesday, May 12, 1869.                                              No. 149.

...[After attending the driving of the golden spike, editor J. H. Beadle wrote:] it is to be regretted that no arrangements were made for surrounding the work with a line of some sort, in which case all might have witnessed the work without difficulty. As it was, the crowd pushed upon the workmen so closely that less than twenty persons saw the affair entirely, while none of the reporters were able to hear all that was said.... Ceremony was then at an end, and general hilarity took place. The western train soon set out for Sacramento, but that of the Union Pacific remained on the ground till evening, presenting a scene of merriment in which Officers, Directors, Track Superintendents and Editors joined with the utmost enthusiasm.... At a late hour the excursionists returned to Corinne.

A gentleman, well known in this community, located a piece of land near the Warm Springs, north of Ogden, a short time ago, and proceeded to file his claim in the U. S. Land Office in Salt Lake City. While making arrangements to prove it, several Mormons came upon the land in the night and put up a sort of portable log house on the claim, and next day declared their intention to hold it. The gentleman informed them that he had filed his claim, and was the prior occupant, to which they responded emphatically that they "didn't see any title in the United States or the Land Office; that the land belonged to the Church of Jesus Christ, they had got it from Mexico, and it belonged to them before it did to the government." The gentleman replied that that question would be settled in the courts, to which they responded that "might made right in this country; no enemy of their people should get a foothold there, the country belonged to them and they knew no other title," and much to the same effect. And so rests the matter at present. Are these acts the result of religious fanaticism or pure meanness? If the "Saints" really believe, as so many of them pretend, that God has given this country to them exclusively, it may be necessary finally to try [conclusions] with them and let might settle it. The Courts can decide these things, and any Mormon who will not submit to their decision shows himself to be an enemy of law. When are these petty outrages to stop? When are we to have that protection due American citizens? If these acts, small as they are, are continued, retaliation of some sort is certain. It would be well enough for our Government to quit grabbing for more territory, and reduce to actual possession and law some that it now has.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, May 22?, 1869.                                            No. 5.

The Utah Railroad. -- President Grant has informed President Young that the Utah Central Railroad cannot be built just now, us the United States have not granted the right of way. What! interfere with the building of a railroad, to be used in the interest of the Lord, in carrying saints and pork to the city of the New Jerusalem? A road to be used in gathering the chosen people of Israel, and of the royal house of Jacob, out of Babylon! Presumptuous Grant. Know you not the road will be built, and the thunders of this old sinner of the mountains, from his throne to the tabernacle, will make you suddenly remember that he is a relation of yours, and he will have his own way?

Note: The publication date of the above item has not yet been confirmed.

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, May 29?, 1869.                                            No. 6.


A certain number, said to be twelve, of the most desperate characters in the church, were selected from among the Danites to commit such assassinations as might be found necessary by the prophet for the "welfare" and "advancement" of his holy cause. The murder of Governor Boggs, and many others, was planned in the secret conclaves of the Danites, and executed by the chosen "twelve." The attempt to murder Governor Boggs fortunately failed, and at least one of the would-be murderers is now known to live in Utah. Both of these secret societies now exist in Salt Lake City. The discipline is more perfect under Brigham Young than under Joe Smith, and consequently the aims more sure, the objects more certainly accomplished. No sooner does a Gentile enter Salt Lake City than he is placed under the surveillance of the secret police. A member of the Danite organization is deputed to watch him from the time he comes until he leaves. His habits, words and careless expressions of opinion are noted and reported, that the Mormon authorities may determine whether he is a friend, a secret enemy, or an open and avowed opposer of Mormon iniquity. The day has been when expression of opinions inimical to the Mormon leaders would result in assassination to the bold offender, and sometimes even the mere suspicion that a Gentile was opposed to Mormon rule would produce such a result.

The true secret of Brigham's great success in controlling the discordant elements of which his church is composed is due to fears of the Danites. The Mormons know that certain death by assassination awaits a violation of their oaths, and that althugh the day of their doom may be postponed, it is sure to come with the opportunity. It is true that many apostates have escaped assassination, but this was owing to the fact that they used subterfuge to place themselves beyond Brigham's power, but even these instances are not wanting of Danites having followed apostates into different cities of the United States, hoping for a favorable opportunity to assassinate. Others escape, because for a time it is deemed inexpedient to kill them. Recent mysterious deaths of Gentiles near Salt Lake City have for a short time excited comment, but finally they have been forgotten. No coroner's inquests have investigated facts and circumstances, and no inquiry has been made by the authorities into the cause of their deaths. But such a system cannot be perpetuated. The Government must, sooner or later, throw her protecting banner over her citizens in Utah, and not allow it to be scoffed at and spit on by a vile and lecherous priesthood.
"Of that saintly, murderous brood,
    To carnage and the Koran given,
Who think through unbelievers' blood
    Lies the directest path to Heaven.


What a Ferocious Gentile Would
Do With Them.


The Omaha Herald wants to know for what we would hang Mormon leaders? For murder, theft, and incestuous adultery, all combined, and all of which can be proved against them. Yet, we would regard the law of the Territory in so far as to leave them the choice of punishment -- hung, shot or beheaded. We are not particular; so it's one of the three. We don't deny that Bro. Stenhouse is both able and genial. So was Byron's Corsair, and mild-mannered too. As for Messrs. Hooper and Eldridge, they are so far removed from Stenhouse in all approaching virtue and honesty as Eden blest surpasses Eden curst. We would not hang an idiot for a crime committed. We wish the Doctor had lived in Salt Lake City for two or three years; his feelings concerning "this much persecuted people" would now be far different.

Deseret Station and Ogden. -- The Union Pacific Railroad Company have concluded to make Deseret Station the point of transfer for the Salt Lake travel and merchandise. While this in no wise affects Corinne, which never counted on the southern business, it is a sad blow to Ogden, which never had any other show whatever. People do say the rage of the Ogden folks, because they have no siding and the trains scarcely slack up there, let alone stopping there, is amusing.

Note: The exact date and content of the first item have not yet been determined. The Philadelphia Daily Evening Bulletin of June 7, 1869 and the Chicago Tribune were among the many newspapers that reprinted the Reporter article. The second and third items may have initially appeared on May 28th.

Vol. II.                                                 Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, June 1, 1869.                                                No. 167.


The Saints Fleeing from Utah.


Since the commencement of the work of building the great Pacific railway high hopes have been entertained and cherished by a large number of men and women in Utah, known as dissenters and apostates from Mormonism, as inculcated by Brigham Young, that on its completion an avenue of escape would be open for them, and they could make their way, undisturbed by the hirelings and cut-throats of Brigham Young, from Utah to the States. They have waited submissively, endured the threats and invectives of the bastard leaders of Mormonism in Utah and prayed fervently for the opportunities which the present railroad afford. They quietly watched the progress of the road, and their hearts throbbed with joy upon the completion of every section. They have been denounced from the Brighamite pulpit as "apostate dogs," and the Danite assassins sent on their track, but still they presevered, and zealously, though quietly, adhered to their belief in Mormonism as taught by the martyr, Joseph Smith, although their lives were in jeopardy for so believing. The dessenters and apostates, we are assured, are by no means few, and it is openly stated that all who can rid themselves of what little property they still possess will flee the Territory and return to the States.

Yesterday, May 31, a party of dissenters and apostates, numbering about forty souls, all families, under th e leadership of Mr. Warren Walling, late President of the Josephite wing of the Mormon Church in Salt Lake City, arrived at the depot, opposite the city, the greater portion of them coming from Malad Valley and the remainder from Salt Lake City and vicinity. They chartered a car from the company, for which they paid $1400, and have provided themselves with all the necessaries required on the trip. They propose settling in Nebraska on the Missouri river, near Omaha. From personal acquaintance with Mr. Walling and several others of the party, we can safely say they will make good, honest and industrious citizens in Nebraska, albeit they strongly adhere to their peculiar religion.

This, we believe, is the first party of "discontented Mormons" taking their departure from Utah who go all the way by rail. "Straws show which way the wind blows," and before the season is over the number of "discontented" that will be beyond the reach of the bloated hierarchy will amount to many hundreds. Corinne being the only city in Utah not under the supervision of combined "President," Apostles, Bishops or Elders, with a host of domineering brutes ever ready to do their bidding, it offers and guarantees security to all seeking protection from the priesthood, and dissatisfied Mormons can outfit here and take the cars to the States.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, June 5?, 1869.                                            No. 7.

A few mornings ago we mentioned that a party of about 40 dissenters and apostates from the Mormon Church in Utah had chartered a car on the Union Pacific road at this point to return to the States. Their departure was delayed until yesterday, when two car loads of them bid farewell forever to Utah. During the few days they were detained, their number was increased to fifty, and many more would have accompanied them if they would have delayed a few days longer. Some of the party were early pioneers to Utah, and endured all the hardships and privations consequent upon such an early migration. They have seen and observed many things in Utah which are unpublished to the world, and they can a tale unfold to our eastern friends of suffering, persecution and oppression that will make the hair stand straight on the heads of the philanthropists of the East. Here, in Utah, the assassin and murderer hovered continually in their wake, watched every word, and if aught was said or done against the hierarchy, a method was found to stop it -- by death or extreme persecution. But once again on freedom's soil, far beyond the reach of the assassin's knife or the murderous shot-gun, they will be left free to tell of all their sufferings during a ten and twenty years' residence in Utah. We congratulate them upon their happy escape, and trust they will find pleasant homes in the East.

Note: The publication date for the above item has not yet been verified.

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, June 12, 1869.                                            No. 8.

There is a large tract of land in Cache valley known as the Church farm. Brigham Young has taken a fancy to this farm, which comprises some of the best land in the valley, and would like to lay individual claim to it and get a Government title; but as he has now about fifty, yea, even a hundred times more land in the Territory by pre-emption than the law allows, he employs some of the faithful of his flock to carry out his speculative plans, which, of course, encounter no opposition, as the will of the pseudo God is law with them. Accordingly, he has had a tract of five miles, running north and south, and three or four miles from east to west, inclosed in a fence, which has been used as a herd ground by the residents of the valley. To make the claim valid the Pre-emption law requires the pre-emptor to erect some kind of a building on each section, which is to be occupied for a specified number of nights. In order to comply with this provision Brigham secures the services of four "brethren," who put up a frame shanty each on the corners of four respective sections. In the morning those shanties are removed to other sections by four different men, and the same operation is continued until the tract of land is pre-empted by venal "brethren," who, after robbing the people of the valley of it, turn it over to the "Lion of the Lord." Some of them, undoubtedly, are "counseled" to perpetrate this trick, others, not so willing, receive seven and one-half bushels of wheat out of the tithing office for their pay. But this is not all. The pre-emptors are compelled to go to Salt Lake City and swear to their preemotion right before the Register of the Land Office, and before they leave the city the papers are placed in their master's hands.

This is by one of the many tricks Brigham has resorted to in order to acquire possession of all the valuable lands in the Territory, and his acres may now be counted by thousands. He has always plenty of villainous dupes to do his bidding, and carry out his plans, for without perfect submission to the Prophet there is little hope for salvation.

A few evenings since, a party of masked horsemen to the number of eight, well mounted and armed, rode into the little town of Evanstown, East Bear River, on the Union Pacific, and up to a saloon, kept by a quiet citizen. They dismounted and went into the saloon, and demanded, with drawn weapons, all the money in the house. The barkeeper banded out about $180. During this ceremony, one of the occupants of the saloon at the time of the entrance of the desperadoes, tried to make his way to the door unobserved, but was detected and shot dead on the spot. The desperadoes and murderers then hastily mounted and rode away in an easterly direction. This affair occurred, our informant thinks, on Monday evening last. It is the general opinion of residents in that vicinity that there is a large organization of a band of robbers, and that they are now on their way to the road leading into Sweetwater to harrass and steal from the freighters and other unfortunates who fall in their way.

Myriads of grasshoppers are feasting on the railroad track near Green River. The ticket agent here informs us that on Monday they stopped a train of cars in that vicinity, and the passengers were compelled to dismount and throw sand on the track before they could proceed. Our western exchanges chronicle similar stoppages of trains by the grasshoppers.

Note: The publication date for the above items has not yet been verified.

Vol. II.                                                 Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, June 22, 1869.                                                No. 185.

A mining district has been organized in Ogden, and mining laws adopted at a meeting of the Saints, which conflict with the U. S. mining laws. A number of rich quartz specimens have been brought to town by parties who are dumb in regard to the locality. We have no reliable information, but infer from the organization of a mining district the other day, that something is in the wind. The Mormons have become aware that prospecting parties are in the mountains, and many have knowledge of argentiferous deposits which might be stumbled upon by hunters, who would locate and work them in the very face of the Church; hence the organization of a district by the Saints to secure the valuable ground, if there is any.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                                 Corinne, U. T., Wednesday, June 30, 1869.                                                No. 192.


Except the Gunsmith.


We have information which we deem reliable that almost the entire Powell party, which embarked on May 1st from Green River, Wyoming has drowned in the "Great Suck," thirty miles from Brown's Hole. Twenty men were apparently lost in a whirlpool after plunging over a twelve foot falls with Major Powell at the helm.

There was one survivor, a gunsmith named Jack Sumner, who had been put ashore to aid if possible in case of danger and report disaster if any occurred. He told a tearful tale of Major Powell's heroism in attempting to guide their large canoe through ten miles of chutes and falls. Mr. Sumner suffered much hardship and privation on his journey to civilization through arid country populated with dangerous savages, but his huntsman's skills brought him through.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                                 Corinne, U. T., Wednesday, July 7, 1869.                                                No. 198.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, July 10, 1869.                                            No. 12.

On the [4th?] day of July last, at the special invitation of Capt. McNassar, from 30 to 40 of our citizens took passage on the little steamer Kate Connor for a day's excursion to Great Salt Lake. The day was beautiful, with a cool, refreshing breeze blowing from the lake. The Kate Connor left her moorings at the foot of Arizona street and proceeded down the river amid the cheers of passengers and spectators.

Bear River is a broad, deep river, with but few sharp turns. At this place it is from 10 to 15 rods wide and from 10 to 12 feet deep. As we descend it gradually grows deeper and wider until we near the lake, when it becomes about 20 feet deep and 35 rods wide or more. It is about 20 miles or upwards to the lake by the river, yet only about six or seven by land. Yet for all this increase of distance by river there are but two sharp turns and not a single sand bar. The whole distance the bends are large, making great circuits and preventing the accumulation of sand bars. The landings are from the city to the lake, and steamboats of good size can navigate the river bends where and when they please, and hug closely either shore, for the channel extends from bank to bank. The impression of all on board was that of surprise to find Bear River so wide, deep and well adapted to steamboat navigation. It will equal any stream for steamboating in the world, and for beauty of scenery it can not be excelled. For wild fowl of all kinds no such place was ever known.

But to the trip. The Kate Conner moved gracefully down the river at a good speed. She left her moorings about 11:30 a. m. and arrived at the mouth of the river about 3 p. m., about 24 miles distance. On her way down she made several stops to gather in the game. As we neared the lake it and the river were literally covered with geese, ducks, brant, pellicans and other wild fowl. The crack of the sportsmen's guns was at times like the rattle of musketry during a pitched battle. The small boats went out and gathered up 28 wild geese. As many more were killed, but could not be got, while twice as many were wounded. The breeze from the lake made the day cool and delightful while the beauty of the surrounding scene -- the mountains, grand, majestic and snow-capped, that walled in the lake, a sublime barrier, whose top towered above the clouds -- the deep blue lake, silent and sullen, extending beyond the reach of the eye -- the high-topped Islands of the lake -- the cool refreshing air -- the vast flocks of birds whose flight fairly obscured the scenery and darkened the sun -- all gave a weird, wild, entrancing appearance to all our surroundings that filled the souls of all on board with feelings akin to adoration.

At the mouth of the river the Kate Connor moored to the willows and and gave her passengers a chance for a swim in the heavy brine of Great Salt Lake. Many availed themselves of the privilege and had a splendid time.

Here let us say as a fact that was here fully proven, that the water of Salt Lake is so dense that a man cannot sink in it. Ourselves demonstrated this to all present by standing upright in the water, and without the least motion could not sink to the chin. We could lie on the water -- stand in it -- take almost any position, and still we would float and could not sink. It is necessary after swimming in this briny water to rinse off with fresh, for the salt of the water condenses on our persons and leaves us when dry looking as if we had been powdered all over with white chalk.

Note 1: The publication date of the above news item has not yet been determined. Its final paragraph was reprinted in the Sacramento Daily Union of July 12, 1869, and shortly after that the same paragraph was picked up by numerous other American newspapers. However, those papers that reproduced the entire Bear River excursion account were published a couple of weeks later and they all cite "July 24th" as the date of the Kate Connor's sailing from Corinne. Possibly there were two different original Utah Reporter articles and Editor J. H. Beadle re-used the lake water bathing paragraph in the later account. This transcription will be updated when additional information becomes available.

Note 2: On July 8, 1869 the New-York Daily Tribune published the following telegraphic notice (which it may have gone out a few days earlier from Corinne, Utah): "On Sunday afternoon, the 27th ult., the steamer Kate Connor, the first steam vessel built on the waters of Great Salt Lake, arrived at Corinne, and was received by the citizens with great rejoicing. The navigation of Bear River is a decided success. No obstacle was encountered to retard the progress of the boat. The river is free from all obstructions, and passage from the lake up to the city is as smooth and easy as could be expected in running against a heavy current. The boat had been out 48 hours from Tooele, Rush Valley, but lays over two nights among the mountain islands of the lake. On Church Island a number of mineral springs were discovered."

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, July 17, 1869.                                            No. 13.

Corinne, July 14th.           
So great have been the freight receipts in this city of late by the Union Pacific Railroad, for Montana, that the immense freight depot and surrounding warehouses are full, and almost every day from one to four or five additional carloads arrive.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, July 24, 1869.                                            No. 14.


The Sons of Joseph Smith Propose to Disestablish
Brigham's Pet Institution.

A few days ago we mentioned the fact that William Alexander and David Hyrum, the younger sons of Joseph Smith, the Mormon Prophet, were on their way to Salt Lake City to set up the standard of the reorganized or anti-polygamy church. A singular interest attaches to the name of David Hyrum. A few months before Joseph's death he stated that "the man was not born who was to lead this people, but of Emma Smith should be born a soon who would succeed in the Presidency after a season of disturbance." Joseph Smith was killed June 27, 1844, and the son, named from his father's direction David Hyrum, was born at the Mansion House, in Nauvoo, on the 17th of the succeeding November. This prophecy is secretly dear to thousands of Mormons who are weary of the tyranny of Brigham Young, and yet hold to their faith in Joseph Smith. A few days ago the young men reached Salt Lake City, and soon called upon Brigham Young, and announced their intention to organize their church at once, asking permission to defend their faith in the Tabernacle, purposing to argue with the Brighamites from the original Mormon books.

We have but scant reports of the interview, but it is said to have been very warm. Brigham was very angry at their presumption, and denied them the use of the Tabernacle, sending word at the same time to the Bishops to shut them out of the ward meeting houses. The brothers, at one point of the conversation, denied that their father ever practiced polygamy, citing their mother's testimony, to which Brigham retorted that their mother "was a liar, and had been proven a thief," with much more of the sort. Be it remembered that the lady thus spoken of is the Electa Cyria, or "Elect Lady of God," in Mormon theology, who was the glory of their earlier history. Like Pope Pagan, of the Pilgrim's Progress, Brigham doubtless gnaws his nails in vain rage that he cannot, as in former times, let loose the vengeance of the Nauvoo Legion upon these sectarians, and crush the rebellion in blood. If his power were now equal to his feelings we should have repeated the story of the Morrisites, when a high civil functionary of Utah led the legion in broad daylight to slaughter men and women who had surrendered themselves prisoners. But nothing more than petty persecutions will be attempted at this late day, and we earnestly hope the young men will succeed in their enterprise. Of their religious principles as opposed to Brighamism we know but little, but recognize in them tolerant men, good citizens and loyal subjects of the United States.

Another Mormon Outrage.

This morning, about 9 o'clock, as Wells Fargo & Co.'s stage, carrying the United States mail, was about to leave the Townsend House, after loading with passengers, a Mormon procession, headed by policemen, made its appearance opposite the hotel. There being space sufficient between the band-wagon and the head of the procession, the driver of the stage turned his horses and drove out through the opening thus presented. While waiting at Wells Fargo & Co.'s office for the way-bills, two policemen made theit appearance and arrested the driver. The driver informed the policemen that he had the United States mail on the coach and must connect with the [railroad] cars. The policemen refused to let him go and detained him for three-quarters of an hour, until Mr. Tracy arrived and became responsible for his appearance. The stage was delayed so long that a connection with the cars was scarcely possible. From words overheard to fall from the mouths of the policemen it is [understood] that the arrest was a piece of mean, petty spite on the part of the policemen similar to the arrest of one of the Episcopal ministers some time ago, and made to show their authority.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                                   Corinne, U. T., Sunday, August 1, 1869.                                                  No. 220.

...In our last three issues we have been called upon to mention the arrival of Chinamen. By the eastern [band] train yesterday seventeen more arrived. This makes fifty-eight within four days. They are stopping in Corinne for a few days and will probably proceed on their journey to Montana early the present week.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, August 7, 1869.                                            No. 16.

We have given frequent notices of the work of the young Smiths, sons of Joseph the Prophet, in their work at Salt Lake City and elsewhere in Utah. But it seems the leading Brighamites have waked up to the danger their "craft" is in, and are straining every nerve to prevent their people from returning to the old doctrines. From a private letter from Salt Lake City under date of August 2d, we make the following extracts:

The seed of Joseph announced at preaching yesterday that he was going to Corinne this week. I heard Alexander preach yesterday, denouncing polygamy, tithing (as practiced in Utah,) and the secret endowment ritual. He was interrupted by a Brighamite apostle, and there were symptoms of a row for a few minutes. In the evening the faithful gathered in the 14th Ward church, and Joseph F. Smith, a cousin of the boys and a Brighamite, replied to them, saying that "Joseph did have the revelation commanding polygamy, and that he did practice it, but feared for his life to avow it; hence the denial of it in those times, of which the Josephites make so much." He was followed by Brigham, who said the boys "were in the dark -- that they could no more injure the Latter-day Saints than vultures the armies they follow. They could clean up the carrion, and the sooner that was "done" the better. Their father enjoined and practiced polygamy, as many of the sisters still living could testify, and they could not tear it to pieces. They were not preaching Josephism, but simply Emmaism. Their mother, Emma, had many noble traits of character, but was death on the Book of Mormon and all our revelations, and never believed for a moment in the Divine mission of Joseph. A prophet could hardly expect honor in his own bed-chamber, you know, according to Jesus."

Joseph seems to have been less fortunate than Mahomet, whose wife was his first convict, or convert -- which is it?

Note 1: The Philadelphia Daily Evening Bullitin of Aug. 18th, quoted the Reporter thusly: "There is commotion in 'Zion,' the sons of the Prophet, David Hyrum and William [sic] A. Smith, are doing wonders in turning many of the Brighamites to the original Church. Two o'clock to-day, was their hour announced for preaching, but long before that time Independence Hall was crowded to its fullest capacity and many went away unable to get in. There was general disappointment at learning that David Hyrum, the "son of promise," was sick and unable to preach, but the hour was well filled by his brother William. He began by stating the original Mormon faith, showing its agreement with Scripture, and then proceeded to prove from the "Doctrine and Covenants," and from the history of the church, as recorded in the Times and Seasons and Millennial Star, that on the death of Joseph Smith the church was disorganized, the leaders lost "the spirit" and fell into apostacy; Brigham Young caused himself to be elected President, instead of being chosen by revelation as the revelation of Joseph Smith expressly required, and himself chose his two Councillors, instead of having them chosen by revelation, as the rule of the church required. All these points and many others, he made very clear, and if one had been a believer in the original Mormonism, he would in reason be compelled to accept young David as the lawful successor of his father. He was listened to with profound attention, and evidently made a deep impression on the Brighamites in the audience, among whom I recognized several prominent men. After the benediction a Brighamite Elder rose and gave notice that "this same subject would be further spoken of and explained in the Fourteenth Ward Assembly rooms this evening." They at first tried the plan of "not noticing the Josephites," but the matter has become altogether too serious, and now they preach an answer to every sermon."

Note 2: A paraphrase of the August 2nd excerpt, published by the Sacramento Daily Union, reads as follows: "The meeting held by Alexander and David Smith Sunday afternoon was interrupted by Joseph F. Smith, a Brighamite apostle, who contradicted a statement made by Alexander Smith. The people became excited and cried 'Put him out,' but order was finally restored. Sunday night, at the Fourteenth Ward meeting-house, Joseph F. Smith said that a Jew was prominent in the Josephite meeting in crying 'Put him out.' Brigham, who was present in the Fourteenth Ward house, immediately arose and told his followers to look after the Jew and 'take care of him.' Another Dr. Robinson assassination may be the result. If so, Brigham should be looked after."

Note 3: The content and style of this Reporter correspondence greatly resembles that found in an Aug. 2nd letter written from Salt Lake City by O. J. Hollister, to the Chicago Tribune and published in that paper on Aug. 9, 1869.

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, August 14, 1869.                                            No. 17.


Joseph F. Smith Proves His Uncle and Father
Liars -- The Old Mormon Polygamists -- The
Soul of Emma Smith Reeking with Blood
The Schisms in the Mormon Church.

THE SON OF PROMISE -- Those of liberal sentiment -- and we hope no others are among our readers -- will peruse with curious interest the communication of David Hyrum Smith published in another column. The question will at once arise: How is it that "the son of promise," the successor and son of the Prophet, should use the Reporter as a medium to reach the public? Be it known that while no people talk so incessantly of "persecution" as the Brighamites of Utah, none are so bitterly intolerant and proscriptive to the extent of their power... The sons of the Prophet are forbidden a hearing by the man who claims to be his successor, and though daily maligned and their mother villified by the men who profess their father's faith, they are denied space to reply in the columns of the Mormon papers... The young Smiths are driven to a Gentile paper to get a hearing... We war against no man's religion; to us Mormonism is nothing; we contend only against the theocratic despotism set up by Brigham Young..."

[Reconstructed text: A meeting was held in Salt Lake City on Aug. 8th... Joseph F. Smith, son of "Hiram the Martyr," and cousins of his opponents, David and Alexander Smith, sought to prove in a public meeting that the original Joe Smith actually received a revelation establishing polygamy, and that both he and Hiram his brother, practiced polygamy secretly, and in the face of their positive denials contained in The Times and Seasons. The first witness introduced to the congregation by Joseph F. Smith was "Elder Howard Coray." All who have read Mary Ettie V. Smith's book, Fifteen Years Among the Mormons, will at once recognize this name as that of the "older brother Howard," often mentioned by her. His narrative was somewhat amusing, but it ended in leaving no other impressions upon the mind than that of disgust at its flippancy and pity for the weakness of mind which it betrayed. By way of introduction, he stated that he was Joseph Smith's clerk for many years and very familiar with him. He continued: "In fact I rastled with him -- no, I didn't exactly rastle with him, for he was a big man and I am a very little man; but he played with me and threw me and broke my leg." But wonderful to relate, the "prophet" set Coray's leg, laid hands upon him, blessed him and the leg became well amd strong in three weeks. In reference to polygamy, he stated that about the time his leg was broken and prophetically healed, his wife had a dream, in which "Brother Thompson sealed upon her the five points of fellowship;" that she told part of her dream to Hyrum Smith, but felt a delicacy about telling it all; and that Hyrum Smith then explained to Coray and his wife the entire revelation authorizing polygamy, received but a few days before. He further said that Hyrum Smith's sister-in-law soon after moved to Hyrum's house, and another sister had her house built alongside of Hyrum's, so there was a passage to his bedroom -- and anybody might see what that was for. It must have occurred to the congregation that there was hardly need of a revelation to enable them to see what that was for.]

... Brother Coray then gave way for the regular speaker, Joseph F. Smith. He is my favorite among the preachers; but I never remember having him so excited and nervous as he was on this occasion, and well he might be, for the case was one to try the son of Hyrum Smith, the nephew of Joseph, and the cousin of young David. He had a heavy task to perform. Be it remembered that the date of this pretended revelation in favor of Polygamy is as early as July 12, 1843, but that it was never published until September, 1852; that in February, 1844, Joseph and Hyrum Smith published a card in the Times and Seasons, at Nauvoo, denying that they ever received any such revelation; that in April, 1844, Hyrum Smith made an address to the elders starting on a mission, in which he emphatically denied the doctrine and forbade their preaching it; that about the same time he wrote a letter to the mission in Lapeer county, Michigan, again denying that such was a doctrine of the Church, and that all these things were published in the Church paper, and are not denied by the Brighamites; and it will be plain that if the latter prove polygamy did then exist, they only prove Joseph and Hyrum to be most inveterate liars.

These denials have been made much of by the sons of Joseph, and in view of these facts, in presence of a large and excited audience, Joseph F. stood up to prove his own father a liar! And I must add that he succeeded in doing it. He began by announcing that many would run after the young Smiths simply because they were the sons of Joseph, who would treat with contempt any other person who preached the same doctrine. In view of this fact, it has been determined to hold a series of meetings in this and other words, to answer the statement of David Hyrum, and before they were through the Brighamites purposed to present testimony to convince any honorable man who heard it and damn any one who rejected it.

He stated that he had in his possession, and would present the affidavits of twelve women, now living, that they were the spiritual wives of Joseph Smith, and so continued to the time of his death; that he had the evidence of hundreds of men who had been taught the doctrine of Joseph and Hyrum, and that he knew to a certainty that his father Hyrum Smith had two other women while his mother was still alive. This seemed proof enough, but Joseph F. was powerfully wrought up, as well as the audience, and he went on at, some length in an interesting account of affairs at Nauvoo, 'I cannot,' he said, 'help the position this places my father and Joseph in as to their denials. I only know these facts. But everybody knows the people were then not prepared for these things, and it was necessary to be cautious. They were in the midst of their enemies, and in a State where this doctrine would have sent them to the penitentiary. The brethren were not free us they are here; the devil was raging about Nauvoo, and there were the traitors on every hand; yes, right in their councils, the right-hand man of the prophet, one Marks, was a traitor of the blackest dye. And when Joseph and Hyrum left Nauvoo, while the mob was after them, and crossed into Iowa, intending to come to the Rocky Mountains and pick out a refuge for the people, as hundreds of persons now in this city knew their intention was, that man Marks and Emma Smith joined in writing them a letter, in which they called them cowards, unfaithful shepherds, who had left the sheep in danger and fled. And when Joseph read that letter his great heart was overcome, and he said: -- "If that is all my best friends care for my life, then I don't care for it;" and he and Hyrum came back and gave themselves up, and were taken to Carthage and murdered. And the blame rests upon that woman, their mother, Emma Smith. This is hard, but I want these men to know that if they came here to raise their party we will give them facts, and some of these facts will cut; and it they don't want them told, let them go away and keep their mouths shut. And I say in plain fact, that the blood of Joseph and Hyrum is upon the souls of Marks and Emma Smith, and there it will remain until burned out by the fires of hell!'

By this time the excitement of the audience was intense, and the suppressed breathing of the audience showed how deeply they were wrought upon by this recital. He continued his recital of facts in a very effective manner, and succeeded in making the occasion one of great interest to me from its historical value. No people talk so earnestly of 'one true Church' as the Mormons, and no people are so divided in so short a time.

The original Mormon Church has, from time to time, split into twenty-four sects, of which about half a dozen survive. When they left Nauvoo, about 20,000 followed 'the Twelve,' and afterwards united under Brigham; Sidney Rigdon led a large party of the most wealthy to Amity [sic! - Antrim?], Pennsylvania, where he still resides, while his church has vanished; Strang took a still larger body to Wisconsin; White led a colony to Texas; the Cutlerites went somewhere else, while those who went with Sam Brannan to San Francisco mostly apostatized or went crazy, the only alternative left.

The interest awakened by this late movement here is wonderful: the mass of the Mormons are fully impressed with the idea that they are on the eve of a great change; and many of them begin to have visions and dreams presaging something grandly mysterious, though they hardly know as yet what it is. It has been a settled point in the Mormon creed for years that there must be a great split in the Church before the final gathering, and the impression is general here that this is the 'big split.'

After all the rubbish is cleared away, the road will be open for the faithful to go back to Jackson county, Mo., where all the Saints will gather, with the property of the Gentiles who have been destroyed; the surviving Gentiles will be servants and their wives concubines to the faithful, while the latter will be bully boys and their goose will hang high in New Jerusalem. And can the human mind be made to believe such stuff! If you doubt it, come and talk with a few of these lop-eared Welsh and Danes, who are already rejoicing in anticipation of the day when such as we shall black their boots, and our most refined ladies shall be subjected to their lascivious passions. This is Mormonism as a religion, when stripped of a few flowers of poesy thrown over it by Parley P. Pratt and others.

Salt Lake City, August 13, 1869.      
Editor Reporter Dear Sir: You have kindly granted us space in your columns, and as channels through which we might have reached the people that might be friendly to us are closed, we gladly avail ourselves of your goodness. My brother, Alexander, being otherwise occupied, the representation of our mission and views, principles, and idea devolves upon myself.

As a beginning I was informed lately that, having heard both sides, I had become sick of "Josephitism." This is the greatest city for rumors that ever I have visited, though it were a useless task to contradict or attempt to notice one half of them; yet this one will serve as a text to what I may pen. "My free, willing, independent, unfaltering service, faith, countenance, aid, and influence, I give to my brother Joseph, because, in the first place my knowledge of him finds him a man every way worthy such trust. Of great strngth of mind, clearness of judgment, goodness, and purity of heart, remarkable for integrity, honesty, and charitableness, all who know him must own that his character is of sterling worth. Without such qualifications no man should be upheld in the spiritual standing that he occupies even had he once been called of Christ himself. Another reason is, that in reading the books given us of God through the person of my father, of loving memory and respected position, over whose lowly grave I have prayed for the light that fadeth not, I find recorded, speaking of Joseph Smith, the Martyr -- "for this anointing have I put upon his head, that his blessing shall also be put upon the head of his posterity after him, and as I said unto Abraham concerning the kindreds of the earth, even so I say unto my servant Joseph, in thee and in thy seed shall the kindreds of the earth be blessed" -- Book of Covenants, section 103, paragraph 18.

The third reason is, that I have been credibly informed by many good persons, witness to the fact, some in this City of Saints, that in accordance with the above my father did anoint, appoint, and dedicate, by laying on of hands, his eldest son "head of his posterity" to stand in his place in God's own time as President and Prophet to the church. Again the spirit of God bears witness with my spirit to the words of truth, the principles of virtue and holiness that I have heard him expound, and when "thus saith the Lord" emanated from him my soul bears testimony with God's Spirit that he stands in the office whereunto God has called him.

Now, my friends and brethren, I have given you four sound reasons why I should stand hand in hand with my two brothers and give them all the support my unworthiness will admit; so with your patience I will give some of the reasons that many have endeavored to make me swallow to make me sick of "Josephitism," but, sir, my pipes are too small for such sized doses, and as to "Josephitism" I am sound as silver, spry as a bird, and thankful as I well may be.

They say to me, "My dear young friend, your father taught polygamy and practiced it, and I know it." Well, then in the name of all consistency, why did he in the Times and Seasons, a periodical of the church in his day, under date February 1, 1844, just prior to his death, pronounce it a "false and corrupt doctrine," and why did his brother, Hyrum Smith, in the same volume 5, page 475, declare that "no such doctrine was taught here, (Nauvoo) neither is there any such thing practiced here." This was in March, 1844, and the summer following he was killed. "Why, my dear young man, his life was in danger, and he was justifiable in telling a lie that he might save it." Christ says: "Break not my commandments for to save your lives." -- Matthew 16:27. In order to get me to swallow polygamy, you roll up another dose nearly as bad, about his lying; neither will down. Here is my father's testimony against yours; I believe his in preference to yours, with all due deference to yourself, so great is my respect and love for my father. Pluck away from him the mantle of truthfulness and he becomes a follower of the father of all lies.

Furthermore, my father labored day after day, persecuted, hated and despised, to bring before men, the Book of Mormon, now you that love polygamy and have read that work, know as well as I do, that it condemns polygamy time and again, utterly. Now, I believe that work, my father's work, consequently in harmony with its great truths, I can not believe in polygamy. Also the Book of Covenants, in more places than one, puts the thing utterly down. But just hear what they next advance to sicken me of "Josephitism." We live by the living oracles; those books were for time past and are of no value now -- of no more value than the "ashes of a rye straw." See with what consistency they profess to teach me to respect my father, and yet ask me in the next breath to throw aside his valuable, dear bought, blood-sealed works, and testimony, for a thing utterly contrary to them in letter in spirit that they have given to the world long after he slumbers with the silent dead. I am sick. but not of Christ's gospel or sacred books, that I should throw them away for that which is contrary and evil; but sick of seeing this people, many, many of them go about with that within they dare not declare, fearing for the sake of their bread and butter to speak the convictions of their souls, yielding to the stream of oppression, because they dare not stand upon their feet and be men free in the gospel and beneath the flag of our blessed land. Oh! Saints of God, arise, assert your rights; be men and women, free and pure; cease to bow submissively to the arm of flesh and the doctrine and commandments of men; open the word of God and read the doom of evil; shake the harp of Zion until its harmonies shall drive away the spirit of bondage for ever.

[Schuyler Colfax] is making the trip [to Utah] in as much quiet as possible, that he may be the better able able to view and appreciate the natural grandeur of scenery, and examine the line of the two Pacific roads. But few persons were aware that the party were on board the train, and, in consequence, no public demonstration was made [upon his arrival here]...

Note: The wording of the second paragraph of the first news item above is uncertain. It is taken from a later report published in the San Francisco Bulletin of Sept. 1, 1869 and may not represent accurately John H. Beadle's selection of material for publication in the Reporter. The reporting probably originated with O. J. Hollister -- its text will be corrected when a confirmed transcript is found.

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, August 21, 1869.                                           No. 18.


Activity of the Josephites.

Quite a surprise was given to our citizens on Sunday morning by the announcement that Elder E. C. Brand, of the ''Reorganized Church of ... Latter-day Saints" would preach at tha Episcopal Church, at 10 a m. The Elder called upon us, and in an hour's conversation showed that he was thoroughly in earnest in his work for the "Josephite," or anti-polygamy Mormonism. At the appointed hour a large audience was in attendance, and listened for more than an hour to an able exposition of the peculiar views of the "Josephites." We own to being greatly surprised at the particularly able manner in which Elder Brand handled the case of Abraham, so much depended on by the Brighamites to sustain the divine origin of polygamy. Logically and fully he went over every point in the history of that strange case, demonstrating to clearly that their was no possible escape from his conclusions, the following points:
1st. That God never established polygamy.

2nd. That the case of Hagar originated solely in the unbelief of Sarah.

3d. That Sarah and Abraham both bitterly repented of the step they had taken, and were reproved by the Lord for their unbelief.

4th. That the sacred record nowhere alludes to Hagar as a wife, but always as the servant of Sarah.

5th. That the Lord continually and no less than a dozen times, refused to recognize Ishmael as a lawful son, sending him into the desert to be the progenitor of fierce barbarians, while "the son, the only son, Isaac," became the head of God's people.

6th. That "the son of the bondwoman" was stigmatized by the Lord, to show his special dislike to polygamy, and many other points equally well taken. With the closest attention we failed to detect a flaw in the reasoning; it was simply unanswerable. In the afternoon Elder Brand preached on the distinctive doctrines of his church; we did not attend, but learned that the discourse was an able one. We are no Mormon of either type, but every liberal heart must sympathize with the reformers in their mission against the abominations set up in Utah by the Brighamites. Elder Brand goes to-day to Malad City, after which he will return to preach in Brigham City and Ogden. We wish him all success in his labors.

Preaching in the city last Sabbath was animated. David Hyrum Smith preached to a large congregation of polygamists, twenty having been selected from each Ward in the city to "represent" Brigham, which crowded Independence Hall to its utmost capacity. Conspicuous among these "representatives," ordered thither to crowd out the followers of the Smiths, was the bald pate of Bishop Woolley, than whom a more notorious and indecent polygamist and law-breaker never arrived at his age outside of the State's prison. David Hyrum is said to have preached an affecting sermon, replying in severe but dignified language to the slurs cast upon his mother by one of his cousins, who is a staunch advocate of Brigham, melting the hearts of even the basest and most hardened polygamous wretch in the hall, and removing to a considerable extent the stigma cast upon his mother by Brigham and his minions. At the Tabernacle, in the afternoon, a member of Congress from South Carolina, formerly a Methodist preacher, visiting this city, delivered an able and deep sermon -- one intended for the hierarchy, but which was utterly lost to the greater portion of the congregation.

Yesterday [Aug. 18th] the United States Revenue Assessor received instructions from the Revenue Department at Washington, ordering that all Church property and revenue be taxed, and to assess the same for 1863 immediately for collection, no revenue having been collected on that property for that year. Already greatly incensed against the Revenue Assessor and Collector for taxing their city scrip to the extent of $19,000, this new bit of officiousness on the part ot the revenue officers will be too much for the Church to bear, and an excellent opportunity will be afforded Brigham Young to execute his threat made to Senator Trumbull, to put the obnoxious officers outside the Territory. As the news is not yet generally known, but little is said about it; but the assessing is to commence immediately, when another yell of "persecution," from the hierarchy, may be anticipated. The present revenue officers have already shown themselves the most faithful and efficient servants the Government has ever sent to Utah, and their respective reports at the end of the year will surprise every one, if compared with reports of preceding years.

Note: The publication date of the above articles has not yet been verified.

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, August 28, 1869.                                           No. 19.


SALT LAKE CITY, Aug. 24th, 1869.         
The special excitement consequent on the mission of the young Smiths seems to have quieted down and given place to a more quiet and argumentative discussion on the merits of the case. This is one of those singular controversies in which both parties "know they are right," and can prove it too. As far as human testimony can prove anything, it can be proved beyond a doubt that Joseph Smith, the Prophet, practiced polygamy, or rather promiscuous sexual intercourse; while with still more certainty, both by human testimony and documentary evidence, it can be proved that he constantly and bitterly denied it, that he "silenced" all the Elders who preached it, and that nearly the last day of his life he pronounced it a false and damnable doctrine. Sixteen women swore most positively, and allowed their affidavits to be published in the Nauvoo Expositor, that Joseph Smith had made proposals to them to become his concubines, and twelve women, now in Salt Lake City, subscribe to affidavits that they were the spiritual wives of Joseph Smith, and lived with him as such. It were difficult to prove a case more plainly. When the Expositor came out Joseph Smith, Hyrum Smith, John Taylor, Dr. Bernhisel, and all tho Nauvoo Council, composed of the leading Mormons, pronounced it an infamous libel and the women perjured liars, and destroyed the printing office. In conversation with Gov. Ford, shortly after, both the Smiths, John Taylor, and Willard Richards most solemnly averred that polygamy or spiritual wifery was no doctrine of the Church, and that by such a charge they had been cruelly maligned by the publishers of the Expositor. Could that side of the case be more plainly proved? But there is other evidence. The Brighamites claim that the revelation authorizing polygamy was given July 12th, 1843; on the 1st of February, 1844, the following appeared in The Times and Seasons, Church paper at Nauvoo: --
"As we have lately been credibly informed that an Elder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, by the name of Hyrum Brown, has been preaching polygamy and other false and corrupt doctrines in the County of Lapeer and State of Michigan.

"This is to notify him and the Church in general that he has been cut off from the Church for his iniquity, and he is further notified to appear at the Special Conference on the 6th of April next, to make answer to these charges. JOSEPH SMITH,
Presidents of the Church."
Only six weeks afterwards Hyrum wrote to "the brethren on China Creek" that as he had heard of a man preaching that doctrine there, "it was false doctrine, not taught or practised in Nauvoo," &c." For nine years the church kept up this deceit. And now comes John Taylor, Brigham Young and others, and deny their old denials, claim that they lied in their statements to Gov. Ford, and that they did practice polygamy extensively in Illinois. How can we believe the testimony of such people on any subject? They do not claim to be consistent in this thing, but justify it as "Pious Policy," and state distinctly as their views that "the Lord allows his people to lie for a good cause." I could have believed this, but within a few days past two prominent Brighamites have avowed it to me, quoting the example of Abraham in favour of judicious lying, and one of them supplemented his statement by the remark -- "Anyhow, it's no harm to lie to a gentile!" But Joseph F. Smith, who is conducting the discussion on the Brighamite side, seems still to have a faint sense of honor, and in his sermon last Sunday evening grew quite indignant over our published statement that he "had proved his own father a liar." He said that he "made a great distinction between telling a lie and not telling all the truth." He then read Webster's definition of the word polygamy, and stated that "that kind of polygamy was not practiced by the Saints; that was the kind his father, Hyrum Smith, meant, and that was a false and abominable doctrine." This is a nice distinction, but I give him the benefit of it if any one can see it. But with such quibbles on words, such ingenious evasion of the plain meaning any sensible man would put upon a statement, and especially with their avowed doctrine that "it is no harm to lie for a good cause," we hope the Mormons will not expect us to believe any more of their professions of loyality or goodwill to the United States.

Our Sunday visitors are gone, and in their stead last evening arrived Senators Yates, of Illinois, and Horris, of Louisiana, with Judge Wilson, of Chicago, and several other gentlemen from that city. They were "received" by Brigham at 11 a. m. to-day. It is a gratifying fact that it has become quite the fashion for Congressmen to talk plainly in Salt Lake City, and Senator Yates followed this rule with Brigham as far as courtesy would allow.

Brigham has "put down his foot" against paying tax on church property. But he will receive a "revelation" yet and think the better of it, as he did about his threat to Senator Trumbull as to putting the officials out of Utah.

Summons has been issued in the case of Nellie K. Robinson vs. The City, for another hearing of the case here, which will probably take place in a few days.

OUR RULERS. -- Corinne is an anomaly in politics; a government within a government; a little republic in the midst of a theocratic despotism; a free city in the Territory of an absolute monarch. We are then, in a certain sense, "on our good behavior;" it behooves us to have the utmost orderly city on the U. P. R. R., for we must succeed by our character rather than by any written law. The Territorial Legislature was not in session when our town was organized, for us to get a city charter; probably we could not have obtained one at any rate, and thus far we have got on remarkably well without it. Corinne has enough of "wickedness," but generally of a peaceful character, though our Mormon neighbors profess to be greatly horrified over the "wicked city." Corinne is also the social and moral antipodes of Salt Lake City. It occupies about the same relative position north of the Lake that the latter does south, and as in past ages "light breaks in from the north." Salt Lake beats us in one respect, she can hide her wickedness better than we can; the Saints can beat all creation in "covering up their tracks." They have a great deal of polygamy, we have a little polyandry, or what amounts to the same thing; we shall not stop to argue which is the worse. Our "women" walk the streets openly, theirs are hidden behind dobies and stone walls; here the vice is free to all the vicious, there it is monopolized by the heads of the church; here it is practiced for wickedness' sake, there for religion's sake." We have a church, but it does not run a "liquor store," and a school where children are taught to love their country, not to hate it "for the murder of the Prophet." If both places were obliged to remain just as they are, perhaps Salt Lake would be as desirable a place as this; but Corinne is certain to morally improve, while Salt Lake is certain to grow worse, for Brighamism is endowed with a fatal necessity of progression in error, and must constantly move towards a worse tyranny and more corrupt theology. But at present we confess to a wish that the exact status of our government was a little more fixed. We are getting along quite well for the simple reason that most of our present citizens are such as really reqyire no government, they do well without it. Our Probate Judge, Elder Smith of Brigham City, who has such extensive powers under the statutes of Utah, has only five wives, two of them his brother's daughters, and of course is not just the man the Corinnetheians would prefer for judge of their liberty and property. In view of all these facts and many others, a number of our citizens are moving in the matter of a direct appeal to Congress, which body can and doubtless will take such action as to ensure the stability of Corinne as the first "free city" of Utah. The matter will be presented to our citizens for action within a few days.

SALT LAKE CITY, Aug. 25, '69.         
For the past day or two we have had a slight revival of discussion on the "junction question." By private letter I learn that the Directors of the two roads are in session in Boston, but give no sign of an immediate agreement. The idea so prevalent a short time ago that Congress would settle the the matter without their consent would seem to be erroneous, or rather opposed to the law. The charters allow both companies to build and own the sections built "until they meet," and not even Congress can legally disturb vested rights under a charter. The roads met at Promontory after a mutual and fair race; if Congress can now take away fifty miles from the Union Pacific, it can just as legally take away five hundred; It has just as good a right to place the junction at Cheyenne as at a positon one mile east of the place of meeling; if it may take away one mile, it may one thousand. This seems to me a case of vested rights like that used against taxing the U. S.bonds. The Government had agreed to pay six per cent interest on them; if it could legally keep back one percent under der the name of a tax, it could legally keep it aII. The principle is the same. Meanwhile the Utahtonians daily grumble Iouder over their delayed pay, and attribute to that source the dullness of trade which might more reasonably be ascribed to several other causes.

Dr. Taggart continues to stir up the Saints, and is in a fair way of being reprobated as "a publican and sinner." The Revenue Iaw requires every wholesale liquor store to keep up a sign bearing the name of the proprietors and the business "in letters not less than three inches in length," &c. The city liquor store has refused to comply with this law, though notified some time ago, and the time allowed having expired, the Doctor is entering against them a fine of $500 per day for every day they keep open without such sign, the amount allowed by law, which will soon add up to a very healthy sum and perhaps make some fun to the collection. Meanwhile thecity, through its many-wived representative, Peter Canton, is making a determined raid upon Gentile druggists. Yesterday Mr. W. D. Lewis was arrested and fined $100 for putting whisky in a compound prepared from a regular phyician's prescription! This would seem to be "cutting it rather fine," but the authorities are bound to drive out the Gentile druggists if it can be done. That such a case as this, or that of the Messrs. Bauman a few days ago, could occur in any city in America seems incredible, but that it should occur in their boasted "Zion," by the order of the Church, by the law-power of foreigners, aliens and criminals, and with the avowed object of driving away American citizens, is somewhat exasperating. Let them go on if they think they are making friends by such proceedings. They may not have sense enough to see it, but they are certainly heaping up wrath against a day of wrath which is liable to come suddenly. The Mormons frequently say in their sermons that "they don't want any friends in the outside world," and they certainly have their wish.

The Retrenchment Committee left with us their firm assurance that all the laws should be enforced in Utah as far as their influence could extend. Our late visitors generally went away with a pretty correct idea of the situation. There has been but one notable exception, and that one (I blush to write it) was Senator Hendricks, of Indiana. He went away so completely Mormonized, esteeming "this people" the best of Democrats and willing to welcome them under the broad shield of "State Sovereignty." After listening to one of Brigham's worst specimens of rambling, vapid and illogical harangues, he pronounced him the "greatest orator in America."

So it seems the Senntor is shaping his course to run Democracy into jack-Mormonism. If the Mormons had put the faintest idea of what the resuIt would be of having the Democrats take up their cause, they would pray with extreme unction to be saved from such friends. Such a course would only precipitate action on the part of the Radicals in power and force them to do at once what they have by implication promised to do. The Mormons have tried that alliance once, and if not cursed with very short memories must have a lively recollection of what it led to. It would result here exactly as it did in Illinois. There the Democratic politicians attempted to shoulder the Mormon load, but the rank and file would not subiuit to it; and the result was that even Gov. Thomas Ford, who was elected by Mormon votes, was compelled by an indignant public sentiment to enforce the law against them. Nine years ago the Republicans pledged themselves to act against "the twin relics, slavery and polygamy." One of them is gone, and tbe other soon will be. When the avalanche started ten thousand small fry politicians threw themselves in its path, and though they were crushed, its course was not stayed. Let others take warning how they resist this reform, for "on whomsoever this stone shall fall it will grind him to powder."

Note: In the summer of 1869 the Congressional Retrenchment Committee crossed the continent to California, with a view of investigating Government business in San Francisco. A telegram to sent on Monday August 23, 1869, from Salt Lake City to the San Francisco Bulletin, provided this information: "Senator Thurman and the Congressional Retrenchment Committee arrived on Saturday [21st] and leave to-night on a special train for San Francisco. Among the party are Hons. Carl Schurz, of Missouri, M[artin] Welker, of Ohio, and J. S. Morrill, of Vermont. The leading dignitaries of the Mormon Church called on them yesterday evening. David Smith preached yesterday in Independence Hall to the largest congregation he has yet had. He presented arguments against the Brighamite errors. In the evening Joseph F. Smith, Brighamite apostle, defended polygamy. He became greatly excited said David Smith was preaching lies to delude the people. His audience was smaller than heretofore."

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, September 4, 1869.                                           No. 20.

[under construction]

Note: In this issue of the Reporter John H. Beadle evidently published a "Valedictory" column and resigned his editorship. He retained an interest in the ownership of the paper and the masthead continued to credit "J. H. Beadle & Co." as the publishers, up through the issue for Oct. 27, 1869. At about that time he appears to have also relinquished his partner status in the Reporter's ownership -- probably in anticipation of a possible financial judgment against the firm's assets, as claimed in a lawsuit initiated by Corinne merchant Orson H. Elliott.

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, September 11, 1869.                                           No. 21.

We are informed that Apostle Ezra T. Benson, who dropped so suddenly in Ogden last Friday, had only thirteen wives! -- that's all -- just a baker's dozen. We could not learn the number of children, for they have not been counted for several years. Here is a subject worthy the solemn contemplation of Mormon extenuators everywhere. Thirteen wailing widows and a slayther of sorry children lamenting the inscrutable ways of Providence. What will become of them? Well, the Mormons have a way of getting along with that, for their social life is something on the barnyard style of matrimony. Like the poultry on the farm, when the old chanticleer dies all the other roosters crow the louder, and business goes on. So with Mormonism; when a polygamist dies, the other chanticleers of this moral barnyard absord his wives by marrying them into their own households, (absorb is a neat word in the place). Then, too, a Mormon's glory, both here and in the hereafter, shines forth brilliantly in proportion to the number of his concubines and children. The Apostle Benson, then, will for his thirteen wives and scores of children; go high up into tall grass pastures, and shine with a dazzling glory, while his disconsolate relicts and slayther of children will be distributed around like country schoolmarms. But again comes in the barnyard simile. Mormons believe in industry, and make every old hen scratch dirt for herself. Verily, great is King Brigham. Vice la Mormon barnyard matrimony.

THE BYRON MATTER. -- [Here in] Utah, apostles, presidents, bishops, elders, priests and teachers, without shame or or secrecy, practice worse crimes than Mrs. Stowe accuses Byron of. High officials marry nieces -- their own brother's daughters, and even two of them at once -- marry half sisters, mothers and daughters, and even sisters of the whole blood. Let our Eastern people look upon these things in Utah, and poor, dead Byron's faults will be forgotten at once.

Note 1: The Reporter's ongoing publication of articles equating LDS polygamists with promiscuous barnyard fowl must have created quite an irritation among those few Utah Mormons who actually bothered to read that newspaper. John H. Beadle had relinquished his editor's position by the time the Ezra T. Benson report was published, but Beadle's name continued to be printed in the Reporter's masthead and casual readers would have naturally attributed such disparaging comments to him.

Note 2: The second transcribed item is less overt in its attribution of Mormon crime -- the taboo of incest, no less. Probably this was a reprint from a forgotten daily issue of the Reporter, and thus may have been penned by J. H. Beadle, just before he left Corinne for California. Bishop Samuel Smith, Probate Court Judge in nearby Brigham City, would have no doubt taken offense at Beadle's public criticism of his incestuous plural marriages, and probably thought he recognized an explicit Gentile insult against his family, each time a reference to local "barnyard" style polygamy was printed in the Reporter. Regardless of wrote this thinly veiled insinuation against Bishop Smith, it would be John H. Beadle who would pay the price -- the next time he dared set foot in Brigham City.

Note 3: The Revised Statutes of Utah, published in 1898, were still shy about openly condemning Mormon incest: "Marriages between parents and children, ancestors and descendants of every degree,brothers and sisters of the half as well as the whole blood, uncles and nieces, aunts and nephews, first cousins, or between any persons related to each other within and not including the fifth degree of consanguinity computed according to the rules of the civil law, are incestuous and void from the beginning, whether the relationship is legitimate or illegitimate." Thus, incestuous marriages were pronounced "void" and the general laws pertaining to rape, fornication and adultery could be applied (if anybody was bold enough to press charges) against offenders. In Brigham Young's day, LDS marriages might occasionally be granted to brothers and sisters, uncles and nieces, and (if the Reporter of Dec. 25, 1869 can be believed) to mothers and sons.

Note 4: In an article that mirrored disclosures from the Reporter, the Oct. 1, 1869 issue of the Native Virginian said: "In the practice of polygamy the Mormons sometimes trench upon what are usually regarded as the prohibited degrees of consanguinity. On this subject I had no conversation with the Mormons, but was informed by the Gentiles that one man is married to his half-sister, with whom he lives in the city. The story runs that he first consulted Brigham as to the lawfulness of such a union, and was informed that Abraham married his half-sister it, was right for a saint to follow that example. When however, saint and sister went to be married, President Young, being pleased with her appearance, married her himself and sent the brother away, but soon discovering good reasons for separation, he divorced the lady, and sent for her brother, and married them to each other. There are instances where men have married a mother and a daughter, while the marriage of sisters is not uncommon. One man who has only three wives, married three of Brigham Young's daughters, two of them being children of the same mother. Divorce is not difficult. It is only neccessary for the parties to appear before the proper church authorities, and there relinquish all claim to each other. It is said in some cases the husband still continues to support the wife but that is not required, and all such manliness is entire voluntary."

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, September 18, 1869.                                           No. 22.

A Mormon Outrage.

A few days ago, the stage going to Salt Lake City was upset and one of the passengers seriously injured. He was taken to Salt Lake City, where he procured board and lodgings, until he recovered, with a Mormon family. A short time after this, while the stranger was still unable to get about, the Mormon head of the family accused him of seducing his wife. Allow us here to remark that it is passing strange how easily and quickly Mormon wives and daughters are seduced. But in this case the woman stoutly denied it and the man was plainly incapable from his injuries and sickness. Yet, for all that, the case was laid before the higher officials and compromised by ordering the inoffensive stranger to leave the city. This he was unable to do; his injuries were such that be could not get out of the house, and under these circumstances, was taken out of the house and horsewhipped by the man and his friends, until supposed to be dead. He was then taken in the house, where he revived, and is still there in a delicate condition, and still being cared for by the same woman and family. When will these outrages cease?

The Late Express Robberies in Idaho.

[Several men are charged with having been concerned in the robberies of Wells, Fargo & Co.'s Express] One of the alleged robbers, named Frank E. Long, was killed, and another, George P. Stone, was so badly wounded that his leg had to be amputated.... Jones arrested... McCoy escaped....

Jones is a printer by trade, formerly from Washington city, he at one time was employed in the Argus office, in Cheyenne. He belongs to a very respectable family in Washington city. He came West, got to gambling, and after that his course to destruction was rapid. He is in jail at Salt Lake City.

McCoy is a Southerner. He was one of Shelby's men in the late war. He was a major under Shelby, and was captured two or three times, but managed to get away. At one time he was captured and confined in Camp Chase, Ohio. He is of the most respectable families of the South, and was always a man much esteemed until after the war. His wife, now living in St. Louis, is also of the best families in St. Louis, and occupies a very high position. She is connected by sousinship with those who now hold the most elevated positions in America. The other robber was equally well connected, but at present we withhold the name.

McCoy is still at large. It is expected that by these arrests the express company will recover nearly all the treasure taken. Stone's family live in Louisville, Kentucky, and are highly esteemed.

Major Powell -- This gentleman, concerning whose fate the world of science and letters was long in suspense, has been spending a few days in Salt Lake City, where he delivered a lecture on Thursday evening, at Bishop Woolley's church. His subject was: "What I saw on the Colorado," which was quite interesting, though the lecturer labored under the difficulty of making a rapid selection from such a mass of facts as he had evidently collected. A painful uncertainty rests upon the fate of three men connected with the expedition. They declined to attempt the passage of the large rapids towards the latter part of the trip, and started to make the journey of nearly a hundred and fifty miles overland. The Major states that he has not yet heard from them, but within a few days a report has reached the city of three men having been killed by the Indians on that route. He fears that his former companions were the victims. Immediately on the conclusion of the lecture the Major took the stage for the east.

Yesterday [Sept. 15th], as the officers' car was returning east, they made a stop long enough to give our folks a chance to find out the result of the conference, and this result can be better told by reciting the conversation with Munro, than in any other way.

In a conversation with the parties, Crocker, of the Central Pacific, told Munro that no settlement could be made, and that the Central Pacific, within ten days, would commence laying track from Promontory to Ogden; that they would use their old road-bed as now graded, and that they would build their depot at Corinne, just north of Creighton & Munio's warehouse, on the north of the track. Munro remarked that they, Creighton & Munro, were about to build a fire-proof warehouse on the west end of their present warehouse, and asked if it would be in their way, or in the right place. Crocker remarked that it would not be in the way, and was the right place for their business.

This puts an end to the controversy for the time, and settles it that Corinne is to be the great city of the valley.

Later. -- Since writing the above we learn by news trom Uintah and Echo that the matter of a settlement was again considered and talked over by the parties, with no better, prospect of a settlement, except upon this oasis: That the Union Pacific, as a last resort, offer to make Corinne the junction for all passenger travel, and grant to the Central Pacific the use ot the entire road to Ogden upon payment of the usual tariff of rates for cars over their own road, and that this proposition the Central Pacific was considering at last advices. This was made in the presence of the Government Commission, who all consider that the Union Pacific have offered all that is fair and reasonable.

A COUNCIL OF WAR. -- THE LAST EFFORT AT COMPROMISE. -- A grand council of railroad magnates is now in session at Uintah, consisting of the five ''eminent citizens" lately appointed by the President as Railroad Commissioncis, and Ames, Hammond, Reed and other officers of the Union Pacific road, and Huntington, Crocker, Towne and others of the Central Pacific Company. It is understood that this is to be the last and final effort that will be made to compromise the outstanding differences existing between the two companies concerning the road between Promontory and Ogden; and should this attempt fail, the Central Pacific Company will build its own road between the points named, and carry its own passengers to that point, while the Union Pacific Company will continue to carry, as at present, to Promontory. If this should happen, it will be the beginning of a contest which will end in the completion of two roads from the Missouri river to San Francisco. The running of two parallel roads for a distance of fifty miles, with the endless contentions and bad feelings which it will breed between the two companies can but result in a continuation of both roads across the interior country. The Central Pacific Company would probably bend to the southward from Salt Lake and go directly through to St. Louis, thus obtaining a much more desirable route in the Winter season than the one at present used, while the Union Pacific Company would find a better pass over the Sierras than the one at present used by the Central Pacific Company.

Note: The publication dates of last article has not yet been verified. The text is taken from a reprint in the Elko Independent of September 18th.

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, September 25, 1869.                                           No. 23.


Late and Interesting Information.

Correspondence of the Reporter.

Idaho City, Sept. [10?],            
Dear Sir: -- Observing exaggerated reports had reached Corinne, apparently credited, relative to the newly discovered mining camp of Oro Grand, upon Loon creek; a tributary of Salmon river, I take the occasion of sending early informauon of the recent and probable resources of the recent discovery, so far as reliably known here.

Oro Grand was discovered as a mining camp by a small party of prospectors from Lemhi county, known as the Nat Smith party, about the last of July. As soon as the discovery of gold in paying quantities was made, the party communicated it to a number of miners prospecting not far from there, upon the bars of Salmon river. Some returned to Lemhi to notify friends and mining partners. A reader named Joe Galation, formerly a resident of this place, and employed by W. D. Vantion & Co., wholesale and retail merchants, had a store established about twenty miles distant for the purpose of supplying Salmon river miners. Learning of the Oro Grand discovery, he immediately returned here and engaged a large stock of merchandise for the new market. Within a fortnight after the news was communicated here not less than five hundred men left Boise county for the new camp. About one hundred have since returned, and others are still going. The camp at present consists of about seven, hundred men from Boise, Idaho and Lemhi counties, in this Territory, and the eastern verge of Montana. All who have seen the country agree in stating that the extent of the mining country discovered will not profitably employ and support over fifteen hundred men. The "diggings" are in a narrow gorge between high mountains, about, six hundred yards in, width, including the creek, and about fifteen miles in length. Want of lumber has prevented any sluice mining as yet, although water is abundant, Loon creek furnishes not less than 3,000 inches of water. Dwarf timber is plenty, but no trees suitable for sawing into lumber grow within six or seven miles of where the town of Oro Grand has been located. Stockade buildings or pole houses are being built for business purposes, with canvas roofs. Saw mill machinery is on the way from Boise City, and by the end of the present month lumber markets are expected to supply the demand.

The altitude of the country is considerably greater than Idaho City, and ice formed several nights last month one-fourth of an inch thick there, and there has been more or less frost nearly every night. The distance of the new camp, from here is about eight miles in an air line, nearly due east.

The present traveled trail is about one hundred and thirty miles, and is called an excellent mountain trail, which can, with but little trouble, labor and expense, be made a good mountain wagon road. It is believed a nearer route can be made practicable, shortening the distance nearly or quite one-third. The new camp will undoubtedly constitute a nucleus for outfitting prospecting parties for a great area of adjacent country, and there is but little doubt other discoveries not less important will be made on that vicinity.

Up to the present time, however, while a new mining camp has been discovered in Central Idaho, of considerable extent and greater or less richness, it is but just that the public outside of Idaho should not be misled as to the actual facts. Here, in this insular region, we are used to such excitements, as the old miners call them, and not seriously disappointed when they turn out to be less important, if not wholly worthless, than reported. But it is always better in the long run that the public generally are not deceived by exaggerated statements or disappointed by inconsiderable results. Mining is, at best, an uncertain pursuit: but the professional miner is used to its vicissitudes, hardships and privations, and loves its very uncertainty. Another season will demonstrate more fully the extent and richness of the Oro Grand region; and when the truth is fully ascertained, if favorable, will be ample time for a rush of outsiders, who, otherwise, are almost certain to curse their luck and an innocent country for their own folly perhaps over-credulity in too hastily believing baseless reports, or facts exaggerated by rumor, as they travel further, that it would be difficult to recognize and identify them in their "embroidered" state. Idaho needs no such adventitious aids to secure a floating population. "Truth is mighty, and will prevail."

We learn from reliable sources that valuable silver mines have been discovered about fifty miles from Corinne. As our informant was not posted as to the locality, he could not, of course, inform us just where they were. But enough is known to know that they are near Corinne, and have proven to yield in the neighborhood of $300 per ton in silver. Dr. Gregory's party, which left Corinne in May last, discovered mines to the northwest of Corinne, somewhat about the Goose Creek range, the specimens of which yielded silver globules under the blow pipe, and gave every evidence of being rich, but the ore was not assayed, nor the mines opened sufficiently to know ther value. Enough, however, is shown to prove that there are mines of silver adjacent to Corinne that will take a high rank among the silver mines of the world.

We were in error in stating that McCoy, the Montana stage robber, had been arrested. It was Phillip Spangler who was captured by Marshal Holland, and is on his way to Salt Lake City prison. McCoy is still at large, but it is believed he cannot escape. It appears that all these robbers were at one time living in Connne, and did business in connection with the vanous "tigers" kept here. They were all of very respectable families, and had all served in the Southern army, some of them being officers. It is believed that these robberies are part of the transactions of an organized band, and that startling developments are yet to be made.

Note: The publication of Idaho City correspondence has not yet been verified -- it may have appeared in the Reporter of Sept. 18th.

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, October 2, 1869.                                           No. 24.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, October 9, 1869.                                           No. 25.

Mormon Conundrums.

Here in Utah, where the social relations are established upon the barn yard principles of matrimony, we have relationships, both affinity and consanguinity, that are not laid down by Blackstone, nor any other author; we therefore ask a few questions upon the subject, and respectfully ask answers from our Eastern friends:

First -- If a man marries two sisters at one wedding, and has children by both of them, what relation are the children to each other? Also, in such case, is not their mother also their aunt; and if so, could they not be said to be born without a mother, being the offspring of their aunts?

Second -- If a man marries two of his nieces (sisters) at one time, and has children by both of them, what relation are these children to each other; and also, what is the blood relation they bear to their father and mother respectively?

Third -- If a man marries his son's widow, who is a daughter (by a former husband) of one of his own wives, and has children by both of them, what relation are all of these children to each other, one and all, severally and individually? and what is the combined relationship both of affinity and consanguinity, of these children and their parents, uncles, aunts, and grandmothers respectively?

Before entering upon the solution of these questions, it might be well for the students to first figure up the consanguinity existing between the speckled pullet and the red rooster.

Note 1: The date of this article has not yet been verified -- it may have appeared in the Oct. 16th issue of the Reporter.

Note 2: From past experience the editorial staff at the Reporter office should have known that antagonizing LDS leaders at General Conference time was not a good idea. Comparing the sexual morality of a Brigham City Bishop to that of a "barnyard" "rooster," was bound to cause some severe repercussions -- as J. H. Beadle would learn, on his next visit to the Box Elder County seat. In mid-October Beadle was still in California and was not directly responsible for the newspaper's continued jibes against the incestous polygamy of the local Probate Court Judge. That fact may have been lost upon the angry minds of Bishop Smith and his son Hyrum. Beadle was called back to Corrine (probably via a hastily sent telegram) and arrived in town in time to be present for the November 1st court date in a lawsuit brought against him by Corinne merchant Orson H. Elliott. As ill luck would have it, however, the case was heard by the same Bishop Smith alluded to in the above article. See the paper's issue of Nov. 2nd for the notice of Mr. Elliott's lawsuit.



Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, October 16, 1869.                                            No. 1


The Hon. D. J. Toohy, it will be remembered, received the unanimous vote of the Gentiles of Box Elder county for Representative in the Territorial Legislature, at the last August election.

His vote received numbered nearly 800, but of course the Mormon vote was made to exceed it. Every foreigner, unnaturalized, boy, and everybody else who had a name was enrolled upon the election poll, and his vote cast for Toohy's opponent. We ask of the Governor that he cause a strict investigation into the matter. These frauds can only be inquired into through the action of the Governor, and if he fails to cause an inquiry, of course, then, there never can be such a thing as bringing to light the frauds of the ballot box. Again, there never was any notice of the election published in Corinne or Promontory, and hence the Gentile vote was not as large as it would have been had all been advised of the election by a proper notice published.


It will be seen by the authortative report of the last annual Conference of the Mormon Church, held last week in Salt Lake City, that a number have been called to go from Utah to preach the Gospel of Polygamy to the benightd heathens of the Eastern and Middle States and other portions of the American Union. The list here given is but a very small portion of the numbrt called. The "calling" business has been unprecedently large in Utah this year. We learn that the whole number of missionaries called "to go forth without money and without script" to convert the people of the United States to the system of Mormon concubinage is about 200. These 200 will be assigned special districts, making about one to every Congressional District. They will then have almost ten assistants to help them carry forward this great and glorious work, making about 2,000 persons in all who will go from Utah to the States this year to preach the Mormon doctrine and build up the great Polygamic Church. A better word would be "Hennery," for their system of social life is more like the customs of the barn-yard fowls than that of any thing else set down in the books on ornithology.

The system to be inaugurated now is for these missionaries to go into each Congressional District, and take the member of Congress by storm; seize upon, hold fast to him; follow him to Washington, and make sure of his vote to admit Utah into the Union as a State. The swarm of lesser lights are to labor with State and county officers, State Legislatures and the public generally, to create a favorable impression of polygamy and the church generally; each one to lie without stint, and all the rest to be witnesses and swear to what the other says.

Note: With its number published on October 16, 1869, the weekly Corinne Utah Reporter added a Wednesday issue and thus evolved a "semi-weekly" edition as a companion for the weekly paper. On Nov. 2nd this new edition abandoned the mid-week number, but added printings on Tuesdays and Thursdays -- thus becoming a "tri-weekly" journal. In this midst of all these confusing changes, John H. Beadle first of all dropped out of his editorship and subsequently dropped out of the newspaper business altogether


Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, October 23, 1869.                                            No. 3.


The following, taken from the Chicago Tribune, is a speech delivered by Vice-President Colfax, in Salt Lake City recently, while on his trans-continental excursion. This is what the Mormon organs call "misrepresenting things," "injured innocense," "abused hospitality," "persecution," &c. We would advise all acquainted with Mormonism in Utah to read this speech carefully, and note, if they can, where Mr. Colfax misrepresented, abused or injured "this people."

(read original report in Chicago newspaper)

Note 1: In Editor Beadle's short introduction to the Chicago Tribune report, he stated that "the Mormon organs" (the Deseret News, Salt Lake Telegraph and Liverpool Millennial Star, were wont to use overly defensive terminology in countering Gentile criticism: "misrepresenting things," "injured innocense," "abused hospitality," "persecution," &c. -- the "abused hospitality" charge was exactly the title of an Oct. 20th piece in the Deseret News which protested against outsiders coming to Utah and then unfairly characterizing the Mormons in "false" accusations. The article specifically mentioned Anna Dickinson and Samuel Bowles (the latter being a friend of Vice President Colfax and one of his traveling companions present during the October 5th speech) as having abused the Mormons' hospitality, but the writer (Apostle Cannon?) stopped short of applying the "abused hospitality" charge to Colfax himself. Instead, the same issue of the News ran a related article under the heading "Cheap Reputation." The latter report was hostile to the Vice President and his recent speech but it did not publish his name. That development came in the paper's Nov. 6th issue, in which Colfax was finally addressed by name -- but even then the paper's editor resorted to merely reprinting remarks previously published in the LDS-friendly Omaha Herald, and did not compose any official Mormon response.

Note 2: The "injured innocence" appellation was evidently reserved for characterizing Gentile attacks upon Mormon polygamy -- at least it may have had its origin in a letter written by Joseph Smith to J. C. Calhoun, and published in the Nauvoo Times and Seasons, of Jan. 1, 1844. If Gentile accusations of secret LDS polygamy was indeed the veiled reference Smith was making at that time (when he was also denying the practice existed in his church) then the "injured innocence" of the late 1860s would have ironically been just the opposite -- that is, Mormons claiming to have been unfairly condemned for their having openly promoted saintly polygamy.


Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Wednesday, October 27, 1869.                                            No. 4.


SALT LAKE CITY, Oct. 23, '69.          
Ed. Reporter: -- The meeting recently held in your city, at which Dr. O. D. Cass was nominated as the people's representative in Congress, has been the subject of pleasant discussion in Gentile circles here during the week. The honest audacity or Corinne in its inauguration of such an important movement for the public good, is not only admired, but has the hearty approbation of all lovers of law and order in this centre of political disobedience. The selection of Dr. Cass is the most eminently proper one that could be made, and with his commission from the people, we know that at Washington, next winter, he will be a strong and successful advocate of the true interests of Utah. Your action in the premises has fallen on the "Bee-hive Empire" with appalling effect, and the chiefs of Deseret interpret this Gentile demonstration as the ominous handwriting on the crumbling walls of polygamy.

We Salt Lakers want to have a hand in this movement. Come down here some of you and let us have a gathering of the faithful, and in the citadel of the enemy add our strength to the already powerful voice that sends Cass to the councils of the nation. Even if the Vice-President of the republic be insulted in the streets of Salt Lake City, and free speech be deemed an encroachment on the regal prerogatives of B. Young and his minions, still we shall stand by the great duty of the citizen, and insist upon the same enjoyment of personal rights beneath the shade of the Mormon Tabernacle as if we stood on the historic fields of Lexington or Yorktown. In this spirit, and knowing how Gentiles feel on the subject, the writer takes the liberty, in their name, of inviting Representative Cass to give us an early call. The sooner the better, as the latch-string will be out till he comes.

"Evils like blessings," says some philosopher, "come in showers." Scarce had Corinne set the great ball of progress in motion, till the prophet lifted his ecclesiastical tomahawk and hewed the heads off some of his ancient adherents, Stenhouse, Godbe, Harrison, and a host of others, are unceremoniously kicked out the back-door of the temple, and they, with the Telegraph and Utah Magazine, shall be henceforth and forever silent in the places that knew them in bygone days. It is to be seen now if these men are possessed of that courage and determination that can from the sepulchre of Brigham's excommunication roll away the stone of a monstrous barbarian, and resurrect themselves to a new life, where their example and independence will ensure a world's willing gratitude. We shall see.

Mr. Alexander Smith, son of the original prophet, is still working hard for the deliverance of the people from the despotism of polygamy. He left here last week with sixty converts, who are on their way to the States east of us. Mister Smith informed the writer, in reply to a question on the subject, that he regrets having to send these industrious people out of the Territory, and would not do so but for the fact that as soon as any Mormon recants the filthy doctrines of the polygamists, they are then and henceforth as completely ruled out from social and industrial relations as were the lepers standing beyond the outer gates of old! Such is the church of the latter days.

Representative Toohy, of your city, was in town last week on business connected with election matters, of which he has doubtless already informed you. When the Legislature meets in January next we shall see some statutory reforms suggested by the member from Corinne.   EX.


There is something very peculiar about an editor's life. One day it's all smiles and sunshine, flattery and parise; the next, perhaps, cold, dreary, and disagreeable in the extreme, particularly in this western country. We are liable to be praised or censured in whatever we undertake, and often both come in the same breath. The cry of an unrelenting public is, why don't you make your paper "red hot" and interesting? which we intend to do, and the very next instant they want to know what we done so for. Since our last issue we have heard considerable talk upon the street in regard to our enterprise in publishing the latest news. Some thought it was quite the thing, that a new era was dawning upon the Reporter, and that it would soon be worthy the name it bears. Others said it was a little too "hot," and that if our enterprise increased with the lapse of time it would necessarily place Arkansas "toothpicks" at a premium. In fact, real shooting was considered not unlikely by some of the more enthusiastic. But we beg to be excused for being shot at present; we are too busy, for one thing, and have several objections to offer besides. In the first place, we are not ready to be shot yet; In the next we are too poor, besides that the Reporter could not run without us; and then we are in debt, and our creditors would never forgive us in the world if we should go off and leave them in such an unceremonious manner. We ain't very well "heeled" either. So upon calm and deliberate reflection we have made up our mind not to entertain the idea at all. So please don't shoot us, for we can't stand it.

Note: The above editorial was probably written by acting editor Wells W. Spicer. Spicer was a Corinne attorney, hotel-keeper and city official who evidently look over J. H. Beadle's journalistic responsibilities when Beadle left Utah at the beginning of September. If Spicer was nervous over his sudden public prominence, he did not have to worry about hostile "Arkansas toothpicks" for very long. He soon disappeared from the Reporter office, later re-surfaced during John D. Lee's trials and eventually disappeared again (murdered?) in Tombstone, Arizona.

Wells W. Spicer (1831-1887)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, November 2, 1869.                                            No. 1.


Fellow citizens and patrons of the REPORTER: "In the course of humans events," when it becomes necessary for one party to succeed another in the management of any enterprise, great or otherwise, it is the duty of the succeeding party to make known their views and intentions that the people may know and govern themselves accordingly. Therefore we, the Printers' Publishing Company of Corinne, hereby declare that we have assumed the management of the Utah REPORTER, and that we are going to publish a first-class tri-weekly and weekly paper under the above name.

We are well aware of the responsibilities devolving upon us in this undertaking, but fancy ourselves equal to the task. In the course we have "chalked" out to pursue, no doubt we shall make some enemies, but hope to swell our list of friends to such an extent that our enemies will dwindle into insignificance. We shall pursue that broad, liberal, and independent path lying betweem the two extremes. Religion, politics and science will be treated from time to time as their merits deserve, but our main object is the development of Utah and building up of Corinne. As a business and newspaper, we promise the REPORTER shall not be excelled or even equaled in the mountains, after we once get under fair sailing. Ours is a flight of no ordinary consideration, and we have the banded influence of Mormonism against us on three sides, and rival towns on the fourth. We are young and our enemies are old, but we hold the keys and with ordinary intelligence, industry and enterprise, the victory is ours. Corinne is bound to be a great city, and we are bound to make the REPORTER correspond with the town. This feeling of insecurity, uncertainty and wait-a-little-linger to see what somebpdy else will do must be abandonded forever and then Corinne will go ahead as she ought to have done long ago. We mean business right from the jump, and are willing to be judged by our merits. We will dissipate all opposition and supply you with reinforcements for them to remain, for which a liberal patronage only is solicited in return by the

RETURNED. -- Mr. J. H. Beadle, former editor of the REPORTER, after an absence of about six weeks on the Pacific slope, returned on Sunday morning to his first love (of a town) as fat (?) and funny as ever. It is needless to say that every citizen of Corinne was delighted to welcome back the man that has done so much for our city and the Gentiles throughout Utah. Mr. Beadle is a writer of no ordinary ability, and as an editor he is simply natural. His calm and reasonable way or arguing vital questions is something to be admired, and his judgment is seldom at fault. Truly in such hands as his "the pen is mightier than the sword." We hope he may be induced to remain with us hereafter.

N O T I C E.

Is hereby given to J. H. Beadle, late editor of the Daily Utah Reporter, at Corinne City, U. T., than an attachment has been issued by the Probate Court of Box Elder county, U. T., directed to the Sheriff of said county, at the instance of O. H. Elliott, for the sum of $585.82 1/2 debt, and costs of suit, which has been levied on said Daily Utah Reporter, Printing Press and Job Press, paper and nother fixtures, connected with the running and printing presses; said attachment has been duly sworn by levying upon all the interest of the said J. H. Beadle, in and to the aforesaid property herein named. Now unless the said J. H. Beadle shall appear in the Probate Court of said county, to be holden in the Court House in Brigham City, on Monday the first day of November, A. D. 1869, at 10 o'clock, A. M., which he is hereby notified and summoned so to do, to then and there show cause, if any against him for plaintiff's demand and costs of collecting the same. In default of defendant's non-appearance as herein required, judgment will be given against him by default, and an order be issued by the court to have the property of J. H. Beadle, herein described and attached, sold to satisfy demand, as by law provided.

Witness my hand and seal of court, this 16th day of October, A. D., 1869.

J. C. WRIGHT, Clerk.        


A HORRIBLE OUTRAGE! -- J. H. Beadle was knocked down and brutally beaten, in the streets of Brigham City, yesterday, by old Judge Smith's son. Mr. Beadle at this writing, 10 P.M., lies in a critical condition. This settles the matter right here. If we have got to have a war with these FIENDISH Mormons, let us have it at once and know what we have to depend upon. Too late for particulars.

Note 1: T. B. H. Stenhouse, then editor of the pro-Mormon Salt Lake Telegraph, complained in that paper's issue of Nov. 6, 1869, that Mr. Beadle had engaged in slander and had not been punished enough: "...the slanderer goes free, having escaped with the whipping only." Judge Smith's son "escaped" with even less than a beating -- by only having to pay a small fine, following his vicious assault upon Beadle. In later years Stenhouse subsequently found Beadle's reporting more reliable, and quoted from his Life in Utah, as supplying evidence for Mormon involvement in the 1857 Mountain Meadows Massacre.

Note 2: John H. Beadle returned to Corinne, Utah Territory on Sunday, Oct. 31, 1869, after "an absence of about six weeks," so he must have been away from the Reporter office for all of the month of October, as well as during the latter part of September. In fact, in his 1870 Life in Utah, Beadle says: "Early in September [of 1869] the writer retired, and soon after the office passed into the hands of Messrs. [Owen D.] Huyck and [Al] Merrick..." No preserved copy of Beadle's editorial "Valedictory" has yet been located, but it was evidently published in the Weekly Reporter of Sept. 4th. So, while Beadle had given up the newspaper's management as early as the beginning of September, 1869, he retained an interest in the publishing firm's ownership until the end of October. -- This fact may help explain the timing of Orson H. Elliott's lawsuit against Beadle in mid-October (when Beadle's name was still being printed in the Reporter's masthead). Word of the impending court date at Brigham City evidently reached Beadle in California and he rushed back to Utah to defend himself. On Nov. 1st the "Printers' Publishing Company" assumed full ownership and management of the newspaper, and were perhaps thus able to preserve some of its assets from a potential seizure by Elliott. Beadle prevailed in the Brigham City court, but the satisfaction of his victory there was very short lived. The beating he suffered immediately after the court verdict effectively served to drive him out of the Territory. -- For details regarding the Nov. 1st assault upon Mr. Beadle, see the Reporter of Nov. 4th.

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Thursday, November 4, 1869.                                            No. 2.



Taking Mr. Beadle's character, size and ability to defend himself against a brawny ruffian into consideration, we can hardly look upon this attack of Smith's upon him as simply a case of assault and battery, and after sifting the matter carefully we cannot rid our mind of the belief that Smith meant to kill him outright. If strong terms would have any effect, or in any way rebuke these sordid barbarians for their brutal conduct on innumerable occasions, we should not be miserly with them. But words will not do. When native-born American citizens are plotted against, shunned, abhorred, driven, persecuted and murdered by a horde of unscrupulous, outrageous, lying, thieving, murdering fanatic foreigners, it is time for action, and there is no time to be lost, either.

Mr. Beadle has been foully dealt with, even though his life be spared. He is acknowledged by all to be one of our best and most respected citizens -- a man that is utterly incapable of doing any person a wilful injury -- a poor, puny, sickly man in stature, who is obliged to travel from place to place in order to obtain a lease of life at all. He is knocked down, jumped on and stamped with murderous boots prepared for the occasion, until many bones are crushed and life nearly extinct. All this in mid-day, on the steps of a U. S. Court House, and in the presence of hundreds of these "Latter-day" fiends in human shape, recognized as Christians and believers in a Supreme Being. How long is this state of things to last? Have native born American citizens any rights in Utah that alien ruffians are bound to respect, or have we not? This is a question of vital importance at present, and one that will lose nothing in interest by further evasion. This question must be answered. It has become painfully evident of late that if we have any rights here in tyrannical Utah, that those rights have been shamefully disregarded, and that the lives and property of those opposed to the rule of a fanatic despot are becoming more and more unsafe every day. Therefore we say, action, prompt and decisive, is called for immediately, and our first duty is to petition the proper authorities for redress for past wrongs and security in the future. Should this be disregarded, as similar appeals have in the past, we shall, of necessity, be thrown back to that primitive or "last appeal" of an injured people. In a word, we shall have to protect ourselves. We have a better opinion of the present administration than to think they will look placidly on and see the fundamental laws of our boasted "model Republic" consigned to oblivion, and the best interests of the nation destroyed.

Mr. Beadle may recover, but this does not alter the case in the least. The calculation was to murder him.

MR. BEADLE is receiving excellent care at the residence of our friend Closser, where he was conveyed after the late dastardly attack upon his life in Brigham City. The wounds, bruises and broken bones are very painful and of a serious nature, but we hope he may recover and once more lend his intellect and eloquence to the work so nobly inaugurated by him -- the cleansing Utah od tyranny and bigotry.

SCHOONER ARRIVED. -- This morning, at an early hour, a fine schooner of 90 tons burthen, loaded principally with lath, arrived from the Black Rock mills. The vessel is owned by Messrs. Connor & McNassar, and they find profitable employment transporting railroad ties, lumber, grain, etc. from all points around the Great Salt Lake and tributary rivers. With the rapid growth of population, water transit will be more resorted to, and ere long we expect to frequently record the arrivals and departures of sailing vessels and steamers.

HON. D. K. ALLEN. -- Our eastern exchanges make mention of the Hon. D. K. Allen, of Corinne, U. T., delivering a course of lectures on Utah through Illinois, Michigan and Wisconsin. No doubt Mr. Allen will cuff the Mormons round occasionally as they deserve. The papers are loud in their praise of Mr. Allen, and well they may be, for it is seldom we meet with gentlemen of Mr. A's ability willing to sacrifice their time and influence in the interest of others. It is hinted here that Mr. A. is likely to become a formidable rival for the Utah succession in Congress. We hope he may, for a few gentlemen of his stripe would undoubtably have a salutary effect upon that body.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, November 6, 1869.                                            No. 3.


We extract the following from a Corinne correspondence of the Omaha Herald:

CORINNE, U. P. R. R.          
Utah Ter., Oct. 28, '69.          
The city of Corinne, situated on the west bank of Bear river -- the only navigable stream in Utah -- is evidently the denter of attraction at present in the mountains. Plenty of wood and water, and an eligible location, is something to be prized in the mountains, even if the resources of such a location are limited. But here they are unbounded, and with that keen perception with which the successful speculator snuffs advantages from afar, the town is rapidly improving in spite of the dull times and the decline of its rivals.

It is somewhat of a noticeable fact, that while every town on the Pacific Railroad is complaining of stringency in monetary affairs and a general falling off in trade, the trade of Corinne is rapidly increasing, and money comparatively plenty. The only real trouble experienced in business here recently, is to keep sufficient stocks on hand to supply the demand. Trade and commerce may be diverted from their regular channels for a time, but those natural laws, which are as unvarying as the sun, will, sooner or later, direct them into the right areas. On this score, the government troops and freights were formerly stopped, or rather started, from Carter station into Montana and Idaho, now seek this place as a point of departure, of their own accord. It is concluded by all to be the quickest, safest and cheapest; and as a government depot or distributing post, there is certainly no other point on the Pacific railroad that excels, or even equals it, with all its advantages and resources considered. And if there is any change in the junction or car and machine shops built by either company in this valley, it will undoubtedly be right here -- for the Union Pacific company care nothing about running further west than here and the Central Pacific company would gain but little in running further east, except they could be allowed to run to Echo and tap the coal fields in that vicinity. But it is hardly supposable the Union Pacific company would grant this latter privilege to their Central Pacific cotemporaries unless a very large roll of greenbacks was placed to their credit, and then they (the Union Pacific company) would undoubtedly run their proposed Oregon and Puget Sound extension through with the least possible delay, and everybody knows what that means with the Union Pacific company when they set out to build a railroad.

Corinne, however, does not stand alone on her merits as a business point only. The climate of this particular section of country is acknowledged to be unequaled east of the Sierra Nevadas, and for beautiful, grand, romantic and imposing scenery, a person can see more and learn more of the wonders of nature within three hours travel of Corinne, either by rail, water, or "in the saddle." than any other part of the country we have yet visited; while the Great Salt Lake purifies the air and wards off malarious diseases to the delight of all fortunate enough to abide within its influence.

The weather here is beautiful in the extreme; looking to the south, it is warm, mild and hazy, while turning to the north, it is clear, cool and bracing. Taken altogether, all the year round, it certainly cannot be too highly praised, exempt as it is from the destructive elements of other desirable localities. We shall expect to see a very large, thriving and influential city here at an early day.



We are aware it's pretty rough up there, but not quite so bad as the Independent pictures it we hope. The Independent may have reason, however, for "doing" the Promontory up in this style that we do not know of. We don't apprehend any danger at the Promontory, if people will keep their wits about them, their money in their pockets, and stay away from the "Monte" games. There has never been anybody robbed by violence there to our knowledge, nor is there likely to be so long as Mr. Edwards, the U. P. R. R. Company's agent remains there. Mr. E. is a man not to be trifled with, he is master of the situation.

The Independent says:

The Lord must have become more lenient and patient toward sinners since the destruction of Sodom, or Promontory would have fallen long ago. Sodom had its few, peculiar besetting sins; Promontory presents a full catalogue, with all the modern improvements, dips, spurs, angles, and variations. The low, desperate, hungry, brazen-faced thieves there congregated would contaminate the convicts of any penitentiary in the land. Gamblers shun them; thieves who retain a faint recollection of [the innocence of] their childhood avoid them as they would small pox. Raiload men, whose duty requires them there, look out wistfully upon the moral world as the victim of circumstantial evidence peers through the bars of his dungeon upon the sunny hills of the material. The silent but eloquent appeal for relief from the terrors of this lingering concentration of the pestilence which has hung like a pall over the Western world for years, which Is written upon the countenances of the few honest men of Promontory, is touching. A remonstrance against the high-handed or the sneak-thief outrages of these vampires is provocation for the bullet of the desperado, the knife of the assassin or the the torch of the incendiary. It would be a mercy to the traveling public, especially that portion coming west, and a relief to the honest mechanics of Promontory, and the moral sentiments of the age, if the cleansing element of fire would sweep the God-forsaken town from the face of the earth. These thieves parade their games (mostly three-card monte) in the street near the railroad ticket office and passenger cars, with splendid illuminations and boutires at night; retain from two to thirty "cappers" about each table, all gotten up in the most approved disguises -- some with a roll of blankets, some with carpet-bags, some with lunch satchels, and some even with infants in their arms -- while the more expert are dispatched down each road to ingratiate themselves into the confidence of the unsuspecting on incoming trains. One brave man in Promontory, S. R. Edwards, who is station-keeper, and has an interest in the Railroad Eating House, had the temerity on Friday evening last to beard these thieves in their stronghold, ordered them from the passenger platform, and warn passengers of their designs. His death may be looked for at any moment; but if he should be murdered or his house burned when a crowd of the right kind of passengers are at or approaching Promontory, there will be a lively time. The railroad companies [who], we believe, own the ground upon which these thieves spread their snares, should compel them to "get back." If Brigham Young would relieve the Territory of this disgrace and at the same time end the sufferings of these miserable wretches by a coup de grace, which he knows so well how to inaugurate, he would receive the hearty applause of every Gentile who has passed through Promontory since the completion of the great railroad line.

The Independent man evidently does not know Brigham as well as we do. This is just the kind of brutes Brigham wants in Utah. Good men are at a discount with the despot of Utah and always were.

COAL. -- Mr. John Gamble called on us yesterday and showed us a specimen of coal that he found up on Malad divide while prospecting for more precious metals. Mr. G. is very enthusiastic over this lucky "strike," and considers his time well put in while prospecting. He is an old mountaineer and miner, being one of the first to discover gold in Montana, so it is not very probable he is mistaken as to the true value of this discovery so near Corinne. The lead is about eight feet wide and crops out for a distance of three quarters of a mile. Should this discovery prove what Mr. G. thinks it will, it is an addition to our already boundless resources little expected so soon. The spicimen shown us is similar to the celebrated cannel coal valued so highly in England. Will the citizens and those interested in Corinne ever get their eyes open to the important position we occupy here, and go to work accordingly?

For beautiful evenings, charming mornings, admirable noon-days and lovely nights, we can beat any country in the world right here in Corinne. While it is raining in the West, snowing in the Beast, freezing in the North and scorching in the South, everything is lovely as a May morning in Corinne.

==> 2,000 lbs. California apples for sale cheap for cash at Elliott's.

Note: It is interesting to see that Orson H. Elliott, the Corinne merchant who initiated the Nov. 1st confrontation with J. H. Beadle in the Brigham City courthouse, was still advertising his wares in the Reporter, after failing to recover the debts incurred by that paper's previous owner(s). Eventually Elliott was more or less reimbursed for his old losses, by being given a share in the newspaper itself (see J. H. Beadle's "Notice" in the Nov. 13th Reporter). Thus, from early November onward, Mr. Elliott had a good reason to remain on friendly terms with the newspaper's new management. -- See that Corinne merchant's 1902 "Reminiscences in the Life of Orson Hyde Elliott," for further details.

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, November 9, 1869.                                            No. 4.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Thursday, November 11, 1869.                                            No. 5.


Gen. J. A. Williamson, the people's candidate for Governor of Utah, is a man so well known to the citizens of Corinne that it is needless for us to say anything in his praise. But as we have hoisted his name at the head of our columns to-day for Governor of Utah, we deem it necessary to remind the people of the change that is about to take place in Utah affairs, and to say to them that we are about to have a Governor of Utah that knows his duty and will not be afraid to do it; a Governor in reality as well as nominally. A Governor that will not follow in any man's tracks in duty pertaining to the governor's office. A Governor that has governed as many men in the heat of battle as he is likely to govern here in peace for some time to come. A Governor that has received the highest encomiums of the press and the people that know him. This we say is the kind of a man we are to have for Governor of Utah, or at least we expect to very soon, as there is a petition being circulated to that effect, and we doubt whether there is a good loyal citizen in Utah that will not sign it if he has an opportunity. We have not time, space or dates at this writing, (9 p. m.) to give such a sketch of Gen. Williamson's life and acts as we would widh to do. Suffice it to say that he has occupied nearly every post of honor within the gift of the people of his native State, Iowa, and next to the highest point of honor and trust within the gift of the President -- Brevet Major General, commanding a corps. Gen Williamson acquitted himself admirably during the late war, having been engaged in many of the desperate battles under Grant, Sherman and Thomas. In 1862 he was delegate at large from Iowa to the Chicago Convention. He has been encouraged several times to accept the nomination for Governor of Iowa, and might have Belknap's place in the Cabinet to-day had he sought it. Gen. Williamson is no office-seeker. It was through the withdrawal of Gen Connor in his favor, and only then at the urgent request of friends that he would accept the nomination now. Anyone who knows Gen. Williamson must know that the power and perquisites of a Territorial governorship is nothing to a man of hos record and ability. Let us congratulate ourselves that Gen. Williamson is not Secretary of War or Governor of Iowa, and let every man rejoice that the end of toadaism in Utah is close at hand. Let every one sign the petition for the founder of Corinne.


We observe from the Eastern papers sundry notices of the heir presumptive of the Mormon kingdom. "Young Brig" has been traveling in the Atlantic States and has been "interviewed" by various reporters, and their accounts make decidedly amusing reading. Among other statements Brig is reported to have said that he "had not seen a good looking woman in Philadelphia." Shades of the Utah Venus! Where were the elegant waists of Salt Lake, fashioned on the pattern of a rainbow, the classic feet -- models for a patent brick machine, the horror of artists and the despair of shoemakers; the red arms and faces, and the dresses rivaling a flower-garden in June to which the young Prophet was accustomed. He missed these features in Philadelphia. Philosophers may find in this fact fresh proof of the theory that "all ideas of beauty are only the result of association." If a man were brought up in a community without noses he would no doubt think that feature a hideous deformity; if in Central Africa, he would be horror-stricken at the delicate lips and pale colors of Europe; if among the Fejeeans, a face without tattooing would strike him as being insipid, and in like manner "Young Brig" could see nothing to admire in the fair classic faces, the delicate rounded outlines, the arched instep, the graceful carriage and the tasteful dress of the ladies of Quaker city, celebrated throughout the world for the cultivated styles of beauty. But the "coolest" remark attributed to "Young Brig," is as follows: "We think of sending missionaries to convert the 30,000 unmarried women of Massachusetts, and bring them to Salt Lake where they may find husbands." Those who have lived long enough in Utah to witness the ten thousand devices of young women here to escape the miseries and degradation of polygamy, will appreciate this without comment. If the events of the last year are to be taken as any indication, all their missionaries will be needed at home to take care of the unmarried women already here. The mere fact that this polygamous mass of flesh is at perfect liberty to travel and talk such stuff in the East effectively gives the lie to all the Mormon statements that they "are persecuted on account of their religion." In what other country would a confessed violator of national law be allowed to travel at will and publish his will and intention, if possible, to convert the women to religious prostitution?...

Here is another of "Brig's": "The Mormons number 200,000 souls, and their belief in the divine commission of their Prophet and the divine authority of their Priests and Elders is absolute, &c." Circumstances tell a very different tale to those of us who are near enough to overlook the affairs of "Zion." If "the Mormons number 200,000," we would simply ask "where they put 'em?" If their published statistics of twenty-five years are to be relied on, they are certainly not so numerous as they were then. The concentration of their forces in the United States has deceived many Americans as to their real strength, and startling as the assertion may seem, we are prepared to prove from their own records that they are not as numerous in the world at large to-day as they were the year before they left Nauvoo! But "Young Brig" seems to be having a good time in the East and whether he succeeds in convincing the people that polygamy is a good thing or not, he will give them some information in regard to the mines and other resources of Utah which will result in good. What we in this little corner of Brigham's dominions principally want is, to have the laws so enforced that American citizens may have full protection in their rights in every part of Utah; and as to the "minor" vices of Mormonism, such as meanness, treachery, duplicity, polygamy and incest, we are willing, if the Government is, to leave their solution to time and civilization, only asking that we be shielded from murder, assault and oppression under the forms of law.

AHEAD OF THE TIMES. -- We got a little ahead of the times on Tuesday in saying our friend John Tiernan would leave that morning for the east. It should have been Thursday morning. Of course two days don't make much difference, but then we don't like to get too far ahead of our cotemporaries in the way of news for fear they might quit the race altogether. Mr. Tiernan goes east this morning, and no doubt will be the first to convey the happy news to Gen. Williamson in person that Gen. Connor has withdrawn his name from the Utah Governorship in favor of Gen. Williamson. Gen. Connor himself considers Gen. Williamson the more eligible man. Either would have suited us, but we must agree with Gen. Connor that Williamson is the man of all others for the Utah Governorship. Hurrah for Gen. Williamson.

"NED BUNTLINE." -- Ned sends us an invitation to come and hear him lecture at Yonkers, N. Y. Says he is giving the Mormons "particular fits" down there. He received and read a dispatch before his audience the other night in regard to the murderous attack upon Mr. Beadle in Brigham City. The audience manifested considerable sympathy for us, Ned says, 'which assumed the nature of excitement for a while." Wake them up to the real truth of affairs out here, "Colonel," and send us the "verdict" occasionally.

DOING WELL. -- The friends of Mr. Beadle will be pleased to learn that he is recovering very rapidly under the skillful treatment of Dr. J. W. Graham. The evidence shows the following state of facts: Mr. Beadle was just leaving the court house, being in advance of the crowd, when he was struck a terrible blow in the back of the head, which caused him to fall forward upon his knees. The crowd of Mormons surrounded him while his assailant, Smith, continued to beat him upon the head, only two blows touching his face, one on each side of the forehead. When reduced to complete helplessness, Smith finished by a heavy kick with his cow hide boot, which took effect on Mr. Beadle's collar-bone, making a complete fracture near the shoulder. The whole affair was over before any of the Gentiles who were in the company reached the spot. The Mormons followed their usual rule to "take no chances" -- strike in the back and avoid a fight, a refinement of the cowardice in this instance, as Mr. Beadle is about half the size of his assailant, and was entirely unarmed. During the entire affair he never saw Smith, and would not be able to identify him, nor did he have a moment's warning or time to speak a word. The whole affair was "put up" after the most approved style of the "Saints," and having the treble advantages of numbers, surprise and attack upon weakness, they gained a victory of which they no doubt feel unusually proud. Such prowess should not go unhonored among the Latter-day chivalry, and we expect a proper presentation will be made to "brother" Smith for his skill and daring. When Weston was whipped, Elder Stenhouse and a dozen more brethren seized him at midnight, took him to Temple Block and carefully tied him before they began; the last attack showed quite an improvement in the Mormon sense of honor. We ought to be thankful that our gracious government permits us to live here, even with broken bones, as but a few years ago death was the portion of those who spoke against the hierarchy. Mr. Beadle was at once brought to this city and very kindly cared for at the residence of Mr. John Closser, his wounds dressed and the collar bone successfully adjusted by Dr. Graham, and at the end of a week he is able to walk about and "rejoice in the truth." Under any less skillful hands Mr. Beadle would have been compelled to suffer a month of confinementm but with the new shoulder brace, scimetifically contrived by Dr. Graham, this is rendered unnecessary. Friend Beadle expects to recover soon, and hopes to live long enough to deal many more blows at the despots of Utah, besides which the notices he has so far given will rank as mere flattery.

Note 1: In his interview with the New York Times reporter (published April 14, 1872) Mr. Beadle related the 1869 assault incident thusly: "I was summoned on a civil suit before this lecherous old "Saint," Smith in November, 1869. When coming out of the Court-house I was hit suddenly and without warning in the back of the head by somebody, I know not who, and knocked senseless. They then trampled on me with their heavy boots till I had bones broken and was subjugated generally. My friends hauled me home, the doctor set me on my pins in a month or so, and that was the end of it. The "Saints" had all that fun, and it never cost them a cent. Suppose I had brought suit for damages. I should have had a Mormon Judge and jury, and you can guess would have been the result. I had "damages" enough already! In those days we were almost without resource, except the right of appeal to the District Court."

Note 2: In a biographical sketch of John H. Beadle, published in Maysville, Kentucky Evening Bulletin the of July 2, 1897, his 1869 assault is briefly mentioned, along with the statement: "In the melee he received a wound which caused the loss of his left eye, besides being otherwise injured." In his own telling of the incident, in his 1882 Polygamy: or, The Mysteries and Crimes of Mormonism, Beadle said it was his right eye that was hurt. While one of Beadle's eyes was evidently seriously injured, he seems to have eventually recovered from that damage.

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, November 13, 1869.                                            No. 6.





CHAPTER 1.   A card from Mr. Tullidge. An Appeal to the people by E. L. T. Harrison.

Salt Lake City, Oct. 27, 1869.          
President Brigham Young:
    MY DEAR SIR: Holding my connection with the Utah Magazine, you can no longer give to me your fellowship, nor can I conscientiously ask it. I believe that you would manifest towards me, personally, much tenderness, for which I am grateful. Were I in the States or California, I do not think you would take any exceptions to my writings, for I am simply an author, while you are the leader of a people. As it is, I see no virtue in multiplying words in justification, knowing myself to be heterodox. For years I have tried to shun the issue of this day, for theoretically I have been a believer in republican institutions and not in a temporal theocracy.
          I am, Sir,
                    Very respectfully Yours,
                              Edward W. Tullidge.


Since the date of writing my last editorial, a startling change has taken place in my situation, although not in my feelings or sentiments towards the members of our Church. For writing such articles as "Our Workmen's Wages," "The True Development of the Territory," "Steadying the Ark," etc., a charge has been preferred against me of apostacy, on the ground that I have no right to publicly discuss the wisdom of any measure or policy of the Priesthood and expect to retain a membership in the Church at the same time. For asserting my belief that the Gospel gives me the freedom to differ with the leaders of the Church, and the privilege of stating my difference of opinion, provided I do it honestly and respectfully, I have been deprived of my membership in the Church -- the doctrine being positively laid down on the occasion of my trial by President Brigham Young and Elder George Q. Cannon, "that it is apostacy to honestly differ with the Priesthood in any of their measures."

If this definition of apostacy be correct, of course, I am an apostate, because it is true that I do not see eye to eye with our ecclesiastical leaders on the subject of the reduction of our workmen's wages, the mineral development of the Territory, and similar matters.

I wish to give, in a brief way, a statement of the circumstances attending my expulsion, and the reasons by which I have been guided in the course I have taken, so that all my friends may judge for themselves. In doing this, I shall have to omit most of the preliminaries connected with the case, inasmuch as they occurred at the "School of the Prophets." Suffice it to say that, on Saturday, 16th October, an announcement that we had been violently denounced by President Young reached our ears, and the following Saturday we were publicly cited to appear before the High Council and "be tried for our standing."

On Monday we appeared before the High Council at the City Hall, which was densely packed with the authorities of the Church -- no ordinary members, except those who appeared as witnesses, or were specially invited, being allowed to be present. The following is a brief synopsis of the trial, from minutes made on the spot.

After the charge of Apostacy had been preferred by Elder George Q. Cannon, on the ground of articles in the Magazine containing views on financial questions differing with those of the President, as well as on account of an expressed belief that members of the Church held not only a right to think but to express their ideas on such subjects, the question was put to Elder Cannon whether "it was apostacy to differ honestly with the measures of the President," to which he replied, -- "It is apostacy to differ honestly with the measures of the President. A man may be honest even in hell." This idea President Wells confirmed by remarking that we "might as well ask the question whether a man had the right to differ honestly with the Almighty." Thus the doctrine was unqualifiedly asserted that the Almighty and the Priesthood, so far as its official dictates were concerned, were to be accepted as one and the same thing, on pain of excommunication from the Church.

William S. Godbe stated that his claim to conscientiously differ with the views of the leaders of the Church on certain questions, could not be apostacy, inasmuch as he had always believed that such were his rights. While he bore testimoney to the divine mission of Joseph Smith, and to the appointment of Brigham Young as his successor in the Presidency of the Church, he denied his right to enforce unquestioning obedience upon all subjects secular and spiritual from its members. He believed the preservation of our unity was worth any price short of the concession of the right of thought and speech or any other true principle. That price he was not willing to pay even for unity. He claimed that he entertained none but the kindest feelings towards the Presidency and Priesthood severally, and trusted, however much they might object to his views, that they would at least concede to him honesty and purity of purpose.

E. L. T. Harrison then stated that if it was apostacy to differ conscientiously with the Priesthood of the Church, he must be considered an apostate, for he certainly did differ with them on some matters. The point upon which he most particularly differed, was their right to expel people from the Church because of a difference of opinion on matters of Church policy. He admitted that they had a right to demand of him implicit obedience to every gospel ordinance, as well as to every condition of a pure life. All that he claimed as his right was respectfully and temperately to discuss any difference of opinion he might entertain, without being cut off from the Church for so doing.

His reasons for considering that this was his privilege as a member of the Church were, that it was part of the gospel offered to him in foreign lands. He was told that in this Church the utmost freedom of speech would be permitted. Popery and other systems had muzzled freedom of speech, but in this Church such oppression was to be crushed for ever, and never raise again its accursed head. He accepted the gospel on these terms, not simply because the Elders told him these were his rights, but because the Holy Spirit bore testimony that they but uttered the truth when they so taught, and he was there that day to claim these privileges of the Gospel.

When he was examining the doctrines of this Church, he was advised by the Elders to use his judgment and intellect to the fullest extent, and dispute every principle that he could not understand. This had resulted in his entrance into the Church. If he had mounted up the ladder of his own reason and judgment to get into the Church, why should he now be called upon to kick that down by which he had ascended, and go along without it? If it was a good thing, and had brought him blessing to use his own opinion at the first, why should he not continue the use of that which had done him so much good?

He objected to the requisition for any man to accept any doctrine or principle that he did not fully understand: such a dogma could not be supported by sound reason. We could only be expected to accept any principle, because it was beautiful and true. We were not required to accept God or Jesus because they were God or Jesus, but because they presented teachings higher, holier and more heavenly than any other beings. How could we tell that any principle came from God, except that it was better to our intellect and judgment than other doctrines? Beyond this witness of the light of truth within us, we had nothing to fall back upon to guide us.

It had been argued that we must passively and uninquiringly obey the Priesthood, because otherwise we could not build up Zion. He could not see this. A nation built up on such a principle could be no Zion. The only glory or beauty there could be in a Zion must result from its being composed of people all of whom acted intelligently in all their operations. Fifty thousand people acting in concert, building up excellent cities or doing anything else well, but doing it mechanically, because they were told, was no sight to be admired. A dozen persons, not operating half as perfectly as to the nature of their work, but doing what little they did intelligently, must be a far more delightful exhibition to God and intelligences.

These were his views. If they constituted apostacy, the Council must deal with him according to their laws. One thing, however, they could not do. They might cut him off from his brethren, but they should never cut his brethren off from his affections. He had been twenty years a member of this Church, and he intended to live and die with them, and no one should ever drive him from their midst.

He knew and could bear testimony that Joseph Smith was a prophet of God. He could bear testimony that Brigham Young was divinely called to succeed Joseph Smith in the Presidency of the Church, and he knew that the President was inspired to bring this people to these mountains.

He then read the following: --


With this issue of the Reporter we commence one of the most interesting stories that ever appeared in print, inasmuch as it is made up of faces and scenes of everyday life in Mormondom, told by themselves over their own signatures. Mormonism in Utah to-day is one of the great centers of attraction of the civilized world. Our story begins with the first rupture or schism in the Mormon Church that ever assumed a character indicating strength and success. Every one of the authors of our story and the late schism in Salt Lake are men well known to the public, and men that we meet every day. Mr. Godbe is one of the principal, and one of the most enterprizing merchants of Salt Lake City Mr. Harrison is one of the most able writers and publishers in the West. Mr. Tullidge, the celebrated author of so many admirable papers, which he always produces with such remarkable precision, will lend an interest to this story that could not well have been secured elsewhere. The main interest and value of this story consists in its truthfulness and the knowledge that every word can be proven by its authors and the parties reptresented in it. We shall publish about a column and a half a day of it till Mormonism revives to its former standard or until it disappears altogether, the latter being the most likely, so we would advise our readers to peruse it carefully.


Should anybody ask why we support Gen. Williamson for Governor of Utah, we can define our position and explain ourselves in a very few words. First, he is a young man; second, a western man; third, a gentleman; fourth, an honest man; fifth, an able man; sixth, a fearless man; seventh, a business man. Besides that, he is the people's man, and the man of all others that should

We want every Mormon in Utah to subscribe for the REPORTER at once. We have advertised for canvassers and shall keep them out till the REPORTER penetrates every household in the Territory. Our paper goes to the masses of poor, downtrodden Mormonism as a herald of truth, light and justice; as a guide to the ignorant and protector of the weak; in a word, as the champion of equal and individual rights versus the wrongs perpetrated by half mad, hypocritical, fanatical and tyrannical rulers; as a friend to the people and liberty, and an enemy to mountebacks and despots. The REPORTER has done a good work in dispersing superstition and educating the mind of the masses to a proper appreciation of its individual worth. We shall vontinue this work till the last vestige of superstition and tyranny disappears like the shadow of night before the rising sun.


Notice is hereby given that I have sold all my right, title, and interest in the office, material and business of the Utah REPORTER to O. H. Elliott, who is authorized to collect all debts due the office up to October 31st 1869.
J. H. BEADLE.              

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, November 16, 1869.                                            No. 7.



We, the undersigned, members of the Church of Jesus Christ, of Latter-day Saints, temporarily suspended from fellowship, on a charge of irregular attendance at the "School of the Prophets," before any further action is taken on our case, do present the following declaration of our faith, on the subject of Church control: --

We hold that it is the right of all members of this Church to refuse to accept any principle or measure, presented to them by the Priesthood, further than the light of God within them bears witness to the same. We believe that it is the right of all persons, so long as they obey the ordinances of the Gospel, and live pure and moral lives, to retain a standing in this Church, whether they can see the propriety of all the measures of the leaders of the Church or not.

We also believe that it is the right of all members of the Church to discuss, in the pulpit or through the press, in public or in private, all measures presented to them by the Priesthood, providing that they do it in the spirit of moderation, and with due regard to the sentiments of others.

We, therefore, hold that it is an illegal and an unrighteous use of the Holy Priesthood to expel any persons from the Church, because they cannot conscientiously admit the divinity of any measure presented by the Priesthood.

We protest against counsel for the members of this Church to watch one another and observe how each votes or acts, as calculated to breed suspicion, coldness and distrust between our brethren; and as opposed to that voluntary spirit which is the greatest beauty and glory of the gospel of Christ.

We also protest against the inquisitorial practise of catechising the members of this Church, through the teachers, as to their private views respecting Church measures.

And, finally, we protest against the spirit of compulsion in every form, as well as against the irresponsible investment of power in any person holding the Priesthood.

We claim the right of, respectfully but freely, discussing all measures upon which we are called to act. And, if we are cut off from this Church for asserting this right, while our standing is dear to us, we will suffer it to be taken from us sooner than resign the liberties of thought and speech to which the gospel entitles us; and against any such expulsion we present our solemn protest before God and Angels.

As witness our hands this 23, Oct. 1869.
E. L. T. HARRISON.            
W. S. GODBE.            

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Thursday, November 18, 1869.                                            No. 8.


(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, November 20, 1869.                                            No. 9.


(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, November 23, 1869.                                            No. 10.




(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Thursday, November 25, 1869.                                            No. 11.




(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, November 27, 1869.                                            No. 12.



Now that the long mooted question of a junction with the two Pacific railways has been decided, let us see if we can appreciate the real position of Corinne as an important business point.

The experience of the last nine months has proven, beyond a doubt, that we occupy that central position which has often been truthfully called, "The Gateway of the great North." Situated in the center of the richest and most extensive valley of Utah, and on the bank of the only navigable stream in the Territory -- Bear River, -- it will be seen that whatever advantages the railway junction might be to Corinne, had it been located here, the benefits of that circumstance to such a place as Ogden will be of trivial importance. That town stands upon a low marshy bottom, near the mouth of Weber Canyon, and twenty-seven miles south of south-east of this city.

The old emigrant route to Montana from Ogden ran by the villages of Willow Creek and Box Elder, to the upper crossing of Bear river, a distance of 48 miles, there joining the Idaho and Montana roads in Malad valley. Freighters and stage men remember that route, especially that portion of it in the soft and boggy lowlands near Ogden, as one seldom fit for travel. The railroads have relieved the traveler and his stock from the hardships of that distressing journey; and now the freighter brings his train to Corinne for all goods of northern destination. So also of the mail, passenger and express coaches to all points in Idaho and Montana.

From this city to the Malad valley, (as represented above) the distance is only eighteen miles, with a road as straight as a rule, and high and dry all seasons of the year. On every side nutritious pasturage and pure water abound, whilst on the way there is neither toll-gate nor ferry, it being on the west side of the river. Malad creek is crossed by a good free bridge eight miles above the city.

Granting then that the junction of the railroads is permanently fixed at Ogden, it cannot follow that all, or any, freights for the North are to be delivered there by eastern shippers. We have already shown that, by Corinne to Idaho and Montana, thirty miles of bad road is avoided, and thus a clear saving made of two days' time, to say nothing of all other attendant expenses. The difference in cost of transportation by the two modes may be readily ascertained by a glance at the railway tariff. By rail, from Ogden to Corinne, merchandise is carried for less than three-fourths of a mill per pound, and the time required does not exceed two hours. Compare these items, reader, and draw your own conclusions.

The benefits that are to flow into our city from lake and river navigation south of us will rapidly suggest themselves to every man; but we must call attention to the already vast lumber trade of Bear river to the North. Millions of ties, and immense rafts of construction timber for the railroads, including the Utah Central, have been carried hither on this great river. The inexhaustible forests above the Falls of Bear river will make Corinne the grand lumber mart of the Pacific slope; and surely as these words are written the cities and townsm as well as railroads, lake and river, will henceforth need all that our mills, markets, and manufacturies can supply.

This is only a hasty glance at our present "situation," intending to draw the attention of our fellow-citizens to the prospect brightening in the new future for the city founded and built by ourselves. It is our HOME.

The railroad companies have probably considered it to their interest and convenience to form a junction at Ogden. We have wished it otherwise, but the disappointment we feel is not sufficient to stay for a single moment the builder's ax, or cause a nail to remain undriven. Ours is an American city.

Our relations with the U. P. and its agents here have always been pleasant, and as we bid them a cordial adieu, we are sure of good treatment jereafter from our iron step-father of California. The Central Pacific is welcome to Corinne.

Since writing the above we have learned the interesting fact that "The Corinne, Idaho and Montana Fast Freight Transportation Company" have perfected a contract with the Union and Central Pacific roads for the shipment of all freight for the North and Northwest direct to this city without transfer.

Our exchanges say they are sorry the junction was not made at Corinne. They think it too big a triumph for Brigham. Wo don't think Brigham had anything to do with it, and if he did he will wish he hadn't in less than six months.



Thermal and Chemical.

Next to the "sinking" rivers of Utah, the thermal and chemical springs constitute a remarkable feature. They are found in almost every part of the Territory, but principally along the road from Salt Lake City northward. All along the foothills of the Promontory range, in the mountains southwest of Utah Lake, and between the city and Bear River, are fountains of strong brine, discharging in many instances large volumes of water; there are sulphurous pools at the southern extremity of Salt Lake Valley; in one of the islands in the lake are springs of every character, and in places along the Wasatch, hot, cold and chalybeate, are found side by side. First in fame, and probably in medical value, are the Warm Springs in Salt Lake City. Issuing in large volume from the mountain side, the water is conveyed in pipes to a regular bathing house on one side, and to a plunge pool on the other, constituting, in my opinion, the most praiseworthy of Mormon institutions.

The following analysis is by Dr. Gale, assistant of Captain Stanbury, in 1850. One hundred parts of the water, whose specific gravity was 7.0112, gave solid contents of 1.068,087, divided as follows:
Sulphuretted hydrogen 0.038,182
Carbonate of lime            0.075,000
Carbonate of magnesia  0.022,770
Chloride of calcium         0.005,700
Sulphate of soda             0.064,835
Chloride of sodium          0.861,600
The usual temperature is 102 degrees. Three miles north of the city the Hot Springs boil out from a rock at the foot of the mountain, forming a hot pool two or three rods in circumference, whence the branch runs westward and forms the Hot Spring Lake, a body of sulphurous water some two miles long, and about half as wide, having an outlet into the Jordan. At several places around the margin of this singular lake, small jets of hot water boil up with great force; the air in the neighborhood is loaded with the vapors, and immediately over the spring is almost stifling. Gazing into the small pool, formed by the spring, the eye is charmed by the variety of fanciful growths, the confercae on the rocky bottom. Every conceivable form of vegetation is to be seen; leaves, plants, flowers and fernlike stems, all of the purest emerald. But all are deceptions, mere imitations of plants formed by the chemical material on the points of stone. The temperature of this spring is 128 degrees; its specific gravity 1.0130, and one hundred parts yield solid contents 1.0602, divided, according to Dr. Gale, as follows:
Chloride of sodium     0.8052
Chloride of magnesia 0.0288
Chloride of calcium     0.1096
Sulphate of lime           0.0806
Carbonate of lime        0.0180
Silica                              0.0180
The most noted mineral springs are seventy miles north of Salt Lake City, near the north crossing of Bear River; they are hot and cold, impregnated with iron or with sulphur, some twenty in number, and all rising within a few feet of each other. Three springs, the first very hot and sulphurous, the second moderately warm and tasting of iron, the third of cold, pure water, rise within a space of three feet. The waters, all flowing into the same channel, do not mix at once, but run apparently in separate strata for several hundred yards, the hot metallic water often running under the clear, cold water; nor is it until the sudden bends in the channel have thrown the streams violently from side to side, that they mingle in a fluid of uniform temperature. South of Salt Lake City, along the Jordan, are found hot pools which send out very little water, and in other places are chalybeate springs, coating the earth and rocks with oxide of iron. There are also chemical springs on one or two of the islands in the lake. The great salt beds of the Basin are in Nevada, but in southern Utah is a peak known as the "Salt Mountain," from which that mineral can be cut in solid blocks, in its pure crystalized state. Of the mud flats, impregnated with soda, and the alkali deposits, there is a decided surplus, particularly as man has been unable to devise any use for such a quantity of those chemicals in that shape. It is thought the presence of alkali increases the cold, nor does it seem possible to eradicate it from the soil. A slight admixture is thought to be beneficial to vegetation, but wherever there is enough to "flower out" upon the surface, it is death to all vegetation, even the hardy sage brush. Saltpetre is found, though rarely; sulphur is rather too common; borax is found in moderate amount; petroleum has lately been discovered "in paying quantities," and the native alum was analyzed and pronounced good by Dr. Gale. From his report 100 grammes of the freshly crystalized salt gave:
Water                                 70.3
Protoxide of manganese 08.9
Alumnia                            04.0
Sulphuric acid                  18.0
Of the vast chemical wealth of the territory but little is known, and next to nothing has been utilized, but in a general view the entire Basin seems a vast laboratory of nature, where all the primitive processes have been carried out on a scale so extensive as to make man's dominion, at first sight, seem forever impossible.

THE OMAHA HERALD -- THE JUNCTION -- CORINNE -- THE NORTHERN BUSINESS. -- We clip from the Herald of the 24th inst., Dr. Miller's opinion of Corinne and the junction:
"The long-pending difference between the Union Pacific and Central Pacific Railways concerning 59 miles of the line east of Promontory has been finally settled. This portion of the line was turned over to the Central company yesterday, and Assistant Superintendent Meade will meet Superintendent Towne of the Central at Ogden, on Friday next, to arrange all details. The change brings the terminus of the roads to Ogden instead of Promontory, the Union Pacific retiring in good order in accordance with the original intention.

"The question is, what effect will this change have upon Corinne? an any arrangement the two companies may have made be so carried out as to deprive Corinne the benefit of its natural advantages as the best point of access to Montana and Idaho?

"We are inclined to the opinion that Corinne will be the leading shipping point to the territories in any case. This will be so for the present, at least, and probably for the future, because neither shippers nor freighters can afford to haul goods thirty miles by wagons in the direction of Corinne over a bad road, while receiving them at the latter point they will be saved this distance and the crossing of Bear River besides."

GONE HOME. -- Capt. McNasser of "Kate Connor," schooner master and Salt Lake navigation notoriety, has gone from among us, but for how long we can't tell. We had a nice little piece written on the Captain's life and experience in Utah, but the "devil" lost the "copy" while en route to the compositor. He was jealously watching a "dark and rolling" eye that was paying her respects to the REPORTER boys at the time, which accounts for it. These "devils" are always in love with somebody! Yes the pioneer navigator of the Great Dead Sea of America has left us toregret his absence, but not left us without a guide to stear by during his absence. The parting words of the Captain was, "My boy, there is just as much difference in folks as anybody. Some will stay with you now, and some will run away, only to beg back and be reinstated in the affections of Corinne." We essayed to reprove the Captain a trifle for his untimely advice, as we thought, but says he, "I tell you, go and invest every cent you have in or about Corinne, and in three years it will pay you a thousand per cent." The Captain has showed himself on more than one occasion a shrewd land and town speculator, and an excellent judge of human nature, so we took his advice and acted accordingly. The Captain owns some of the finest property in Denver, but he has a sort of weakness for Corinne and vicinity, and we should not be surprised any time to have his good-natured face gracing Corinne again. The Captain has been through all the big western speculations and excitements, but he says he never saw anything to equal our locality for a huge speculation in a short time. But the Captain has gone to his beautiful home on the plains where scores of friends and a loving family await his coming. We were about to drop a tear at his parting, but says he, "Cheer up my boy, you know,
Friends must part,
And fond hearts sever,
But I'll forget the Reporter never, no never.
And with that he planted an X to make it "more binding" and apply on his subscription. The Captain is a genius of the first water, and we hope we may soon claim him as a Corinnethian. In the meanwtime the Captain maintains there is just as much difference in "folks as anybody." So do we.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, November 30, 1869.                                            No. 13.





"Hell hath no fury like a Prophet scorned."



The Doctrine and Covenants say that "to every law there are certain bounds andd conditions, and all creatures who abide not within these conditions are not justified." This applies equally to the law or principle by which men act in behalf of Deity as to anything else. The Priesthood are invested with power to act in behalf of the Heavens, but all its acts must be in righteousness to take effect, or to entitle thorn to the sanction of the Almighty.

This applies to everything the Priesthood do or stay. They baptize for the remission of sins, and they may pronounce the sins of the candidate remitted, but unless he has truly repented, all their baptism and their words are as wind. When they bless, confirm or ordain, they promise certain things, but it is well understood that the Heavens are not bound to recognize their promises, unless the heart of the person so promised is in an acceptable condition.

The great difference between our Priesthood and that of the Roman Catholic Church has always been that, while that Prirsthood has believed it had power to cause the drapery of sin to drop off the sinner at a touch, by virtue of its authority, ours has always acknowledged it had no such power, but that the virtue of all its decrees depended upon certain conditions. This feature, modifying and restricting priesthood -- to just, wise and elevated, drew our admiration years ago when we came into the church, and we personally preached it as one of the greatest beauties of our system, for half a score of years, in all the conferences of the Church wherever we traveled, without ever hearing one dissenting voice. Priesthood, theoretically at least, has been proclaimed by us all over the globe as a system, the authority of which was restricted within certain laws of right. All its decisions must be in righteousness, meekness, lowliness of spirit, and love unfeigned, to be recognized above. There must be no feeling of spite, jealousy, selfishness or ambition interwoven in the matter, or the whole of its decrees fall to the ground, and are as the chattering of the crows over our heads. It may curse, but unless it is done in perfect righteousness, the curses will but return with interest to the bosom of the utterer. In a word, the Pristhood is a power only to do right, and it can only act within the right. Outside of the right, it has no more force or influence with heavenly beings than the whisperings of the wind. Hence the security of every soul in the church from oppression and wrong. No elevation or dignity in the Priesthood can lift men up above these laws. Whether priest or archangel, it is the same; they have no power only within the right. The weakest child of earth has rights which no being in the universe can infringe upon. All dominion and position claimed by the loftiest and most omnipotent personages in existence has to bow before the rights of the smallest, and their very power and influence depend upon their doing so. It is only poor, ignorant creatures in mortality, clothed with the priesthood, who ever imagine that the fiat of any being in the Priesthood must be obeyed irrespective of all conditions.

The safety of members of the Church lies in the fact that the Priesthood upon this earth are amenable to a higher Priesthood behind the veil, from whom all their power emanates, and by whom all cases are finally settled. Were this not so, where would be the protection for any of us? We all know that men in the Priesthood, like men out of it, are often selfish and ambitious, and, were there no provision of this kind, any man could get up a case against us at any time, and put a bar between us and God.

These are self-evident truths that require no arguing, but there is another principle by which the Priesthood is limited, and that is by the laws of nature. The Priesthood with all their binding and sealing power -- all the Priests that ever lived, with all the authority of all the beings in the universe heaped into one, cannot force into union that which by nature is uncongenial. Hence, no matter what promises or decrees may have been made upon our heads, no father can claim his child, or husband his wife, where the father or the husband has failed to attract by the power of love. Where we have tied hearts to our own by cords of affection, the Priesthood, of course, can ratify that which nature, care and love, have already made one. But we need never fear that because some words have been uttered over us by a servant of God, that we shall therefore be forced to live for ever with any one to whom our souls do not naturally cling. Depend upon it, the finest instincts of the human soul, in man or woman, are cared for in the provisions of the Almighty. Where else would be our Heaven -- where, our Paradise?

There is another point which all will have to understand sooner or later, and that is, the Priesthood have no authority beyond that of persuasion and love. Every principle of compulsion is antagonistic to the true spirit of the Priesthood, which is based entirely on the power of attraction and superior intelligence. Where men cannot control by persuasion, they walk outside the limits of their Priesthood when they attempt to coerce by threats of excommunication, which are the strongest kind of compulsion that can be brought to bear on men's minds. No one knew better than the great founder of our Priesthood what its rights and limits were. The following words were written by Joseph Smith while in Liberty Jail, Clay County, Mo. 1838. They will stand as a protest against the spirit of compulsion in the Priesthood for ever. Hear them, O Latter-day Saints, for they are the truest and fullest definition of the limits of the Priesthood ever given by mortal man. Speaking of certain ambitious men in the Priesthood, Joseph says:

They do not learn, the lesson that the rights of the Priesthood are inseparably connected with the powers of Heaven, and that the powers of Heaven cannot be controlled nor handled only upon the principles of righteousness; that they (the powers of the Priesthood) may be conferred upon us it is true, but when we undertake to cover our sins, to gratify our pride, vain ambition, or to exercise dominion or compulsion over the souls of the children of men in any degree of unrighteousness, behold the Heavens withdraw themselves, the spirit of the Lord is grieved -- then amen to the priesthood, or to the authority of that man.

Joseph further says, -- No power or influence can or ought to be maintained by virtue of the Priesthood, only by persuasion, by long suffering, by gentleness, by meekness and by love unfeigned. (Times and Seasons, Vol. 1, Page 131.)

Here we have words that take us back to the spirit we felt when we first entered the Church. They fall on our ears like the words of Jesus, saying. "Come unto me all ye that are weary and heavy laden and I will give you rest." They are full of inspiration, and carry their own testimony with them.

In these words of Joseph we have a clear admission that the Priesthood were liable to use "compulsion and dominion over the souls of the children of men." The doctrine that the Priesthood cannot exercise unlawful authority is therefore swept away at one blow. We also see that the Priesthood, like everything else, can be perverted by the highest as well as the lowest; for Joseph, Prophet, Seer and Revelator as he was, says, "when we undertake," etc., thus including himself among the rest.

From these words of Joseph it is clear that the true province of the Priesthood is to teach and influence, but not to dictatorially control. It is their right to teach true principles, and leave men to carry them out as far as they have light and knowledge, and not to enforce their teachings as governors. The Priesthood is simply a great and grand institution for teaching and propagating truth. It is its privilege only to influence mankind on the principle laid down by Joseph Smith, when he said concerning the Saints, "I teach them true principles and then they govern themselves." DOMINION is therefore no part of the Priesthood, except where it is the dominion of love. Where it becomes anything more than this, its beauty, its power and glory depart. It evaporates into thin air; it is less than nothing; for the Priesthood is only a power and a force for "persuasion" and love.


Salt Lake City Correspondence.

Salt Lake City, U. T.         
Nov. 22, 1869.         
Ed. Reporter: In your paper of the 18th inst. I find a touch on the Thanksgiving Proclamation, and though I cannot say that I admire such a slurring style, or that I delight in derision, yet I would deal with them, i. e., "Brigham's party," in a more sound and earnest way. So I would like to present a few iyems and ask them a few questions.

I noticed last year, as this, that there was no proclamation issued through their organs until the morning of the day, and that so late that it could not be heeded and observed even through the city, to say nothing of the outer portions of Utah where they had to get news by the slow processes of stages and ponies, and then when it did come, (last year) it was issued in the name of "Brigham Young," "President of the State of Deseret." I asked the question of those who have been constant readers of both the News and Telegraph, if it was not the custom of these papers to publish the Thanksgiving Proclamations of President Lincoln and others, all in good time, and was answered that it was not. Then I have noticed from time to time in the volumes of both these papers, statements that certain ones had charged the Mormon people of Utah with being somewhat rebellious and disloyal, and told they have vowed to refute the charge.

As I have been traveling more or less in Utah for the past year or more, and have associated with the people of Southeren Utah, in and around Salt Lake City, thence to Ogden and Brigham City, to a considerable extent, and formerly having followed the business of pedagoguing in the States; besides what is more, being always interested in the dissemination of knowledge and truth, I have always delighted in talking with the learning portion of Utah, i. e., the schoolchildren, and I have often asked them such questions as these

"Under what Government do you live? What county, township and territory do you reside in? Who is Governor of Utah? How many Presidents of the United States have there been? Who is President of the U. S. now? Who was the first President of the same?"

To the first, as above, I have had the answer, to the apparent chagrin and mortification of their parents, that they lived under Brigham Young's government. To the third I have been answered, Brigham Young. To the fourth I have often had the reply, twelve, referring, I suppose, to the twelve elect Mormons in Utah; and to the last two, I have many times been answered, Brigham Young. Now I do not say that I have asked all the children, but out of the many that I have asked I never but once have been answered correctly, and that by a little girl in Manti; and let me say my questions have not been limited to children two or three years of age, but have reached to those as high as 17 and 18 years old. Now I would ask right here, if the people of Utah are all right, why this ignorance? They cannot certainly say -- because it is a branch that has been carelessly neglected, for it is a thing that is deemed necessary by parents the world over, ere they think their children old and fit enough to go to school.

Then, too, I have noticed that the favorite songs or tunes as sung while about their work, by the young folks, and hummed by the old ones, were the favorites of the South in war time, to wit: Such as the "Bonnie Blue Flag that bears a single star," "Dixie's Land," etc. Now suppose you find a vessel that you know from all outward appearances contains some liquid, and from a very light leakage you find by what is emitted that the vessel contains nothing but milk, can you expect the vessel to give out molasses through the same leakage?

Is there any "State of Deseret" recognized by the Governments of the world, either in the code of "Laws of Nations," or elsewhere? Is not the Territory of Utah and would be "State of Deseret" out of those belonging to the Union? Is there in any State or Territory of the United States an office or man known as the President of Said State or Territory? They may possibly say that though there is no such in our Government now, such is in the State Republics of South America and other countries; and different individuals have said to me that they hoped the time would soon come when it would be so here. Now my opinion is, since there is no provision made in and by this Government for such a thing now, is it not fostering a spirit of discord and rebellion to encourage such a hope? Do not the leaders of this people cause an estrangement between them and our Government by omitting to publish such occurrences and neglecting or refusing to join in their participations? And is it not virtually declaring to the world that a man would take the place of leader of a people in case a rebellion should happen, and till such an office were it created, by signing himself as "President of the State of Deseret." "Oh consistency, what a jewel thou art!" And is it not conclusive evidence that there is not the best state of feeling of friendliness on the part of these leaders towards our Government when they will not join in with other leaders of States and Territories, and issue and publish any and every such proclamation of Praise and Thanksgiving to Almighty God? And is it not clearly their duty to unite with other denominations in all such acts as will tend to create respect and reverence in the minds of the world's people for the cause, especially since it is only the practice of professing Christians -- and the Mormons profess to be God's chosen people -- and being so liberal in their belief, pretend to follow in the ways of the meek and lowly Jesus, with love and kindness toward all men.
Yours, &c.,                




First in interest under this head, is the Great Salt Lake, the "Dead Sea of America," which lies toward the northwest corner of Utah Territory, 4,200 feet above sea-level, and fifteen miles, at the nearest point from Salt Lake City. It is in the form of an irregular parallelogram, of which the major axis, running N. W. by N., is seventy miles in length, and the minor axis forty miles; the different projections, however, greatly increase the area, which is laid down by Captain Stansbury at 90 by 40 miles, in round numbers. The first mention in history of this wonderful Lake is by Baron Hontan, French Governor of New Foundland, who made a voyage west of the Mississippi, in the year 1690, and sailed for six weeks up a river, probably the Missouri, according to his description. Here he found a nation of Indians called the "Guacsitares," probably one of the now extinct Mandan tribes. These Indians brought to him four captives of a "nation, far to the west, whom they called Mozeemleks," of whom the Baron says:
"The Mozeemlek nation is numerous and puissant. These four captives informed me that at a distance of one hundred and fifty leagues from where I then was, their principal river empties itself into a salt lake of three hundred leagues in circumference, the mouth of which is two leagues broad; that there are a hundred towns, great and small, around that sort of sea, and upon it they navigate with such boats as you see drawn on the map, which map the Mozeemlek people drew me on the bark of trees; that the people of that country made stuffs, copper axes, and several other manufactures, which the Outagamis and other interpreters could not give me to understand as being altogether unacquainted with such tilings, etc., etc."
These captives may have been of the Ute nation, or more probably, the semi-civilized races of Mexico had colonies there at that time, as indicated by the ruins found south of the Lake. The next mention of the Lake is in a work published in America in 1772, entitled "A description of the Province of Carolana, by the Spaniards called Florida, and by the French called Louisiane," in which are recited the native accounts of "a lake many leagues west of the mountains, in which there is no living creature, but around its shore the spirits inhabit in great vapors, and out of that lake a great river disembogues into the South Sea.'' The "spirits" will be readily recognized in the Hot Springs, but it is singular that both accounts should give the Lake an outlet. Not long afterwards the Lake became well known to hunters and trappers, and in 1845 Colonel Fremont, then on his second expedition, made a sort of flying survey, which was scientifically completed in 1849-50, by Captain Howard Stansbury. In geologic ages the Lake was doubtless an inland sea, which has declined to its present limits; but it is singular that since Stansbury's survey the lake surface has risen at least twelve feet, of which eight feet were gained m the years 1865-66 and '67. The natural result has been to greatly weaken the saline character of the water. There is a wide-spread misapprehension on this subject, it being customary for Eastern lecturers to state that "three gallons of the water will make one of salt" The highest estimate, however, that by Fremont, only gave twenty-four per cent, of salt, and the water was taken from, the northwest corner, the most saline portion of the lake. Dr. Gale found one hundred parts of the water to contain solid contents 23.282, distributed as follows : Chloride of Sodium (common salt) -- 20.196
Sulphate of Soda --                                 1.834
Chloride of Magnesium --                      0.252
Chloride of Calcium --                          a trace
But it is quite evident that an analysis at this time would show much less, probably not more than 18 per cent. of solid matter, perhaps even less in the eastern part, and not over 12 or 14 per cent. in Bear River Bay, the least saline arm of the Lake. Those engaged in making salt on Spring Bay, certainly the most saline, state that this year it required six gallons of water to make one of salt. Even with this reduction, it has no superior but the Dead Sea water, of which one hundred parts give solid contents 24.580, while the Atlantic ocean only averages three and a half per cent, of its weight, or about half an ounce to the pound. At the spring floods the Lake often rises several feet, and retiring in the summer, leaves vast deposits of crystalized salt. In places, large bayous could easily be filled during the summer by wind-mills upon the lake shore, making millions of tons of salt at a trifling outlay. Considering the area of the Lake, 90 by 40 miles, and its average depth ten feet, this would give a little over a thousand billion solid feet of water, or at the rate above mentioned, 4,800,000,000 tons of salt! Estimating the population of the earth at 1200 millions, this would be enough to supply them all, as well as domestic animals, for a thousand years. All through the slopes northwest of the lake and down the western shore, are a number of springs running pure brine, and east of the Promontory, all the wells dug within five miles of the Lake have yielded salt water at a short depth. If any one doubts the statement that the waters of the Lake are taken up by evaporation, and inclines to the hypothesis of an underground outlet, he can easily convince himself by dipping a basin of the water and exposing it for a few moments to the action of sun and wind; the drting air and the direct rays of the sun will evaporate it in an incredibly short space of time. Very beautiful effects are produced by taking shrubs of dwarf oak or pine, and dashing the salt water over them at intervals of a few minutes, allowing the salt to form on the leaves in thin filmy crystals. The ingenuity of man seems in a fair way to utilize even the immense saline deposits in and near the Lake. The newly discovered process of reducing native ore, in which salt is extensively used, bids fair to be generally adopted, and, as there is valuable ore all over Nevada and three-fourths of Utah, the day may not be distant when we will need all of this useful preservative, which is poured out here in such profusion as to seem a waste on the part of nature. Whence comes this salt? The mountain rains and melting snows carry the washings of the "salt mountains" of southern Utah to Utah Lake, where they are imperceptible to the taste, but are carried down by the Jordan, united with the contributions of Bear River and the brine springs of Promontory, they are subjected to the condensing process of nature in Grealt Salt Lake. If there were an underground outlet, a few months' discharge, with the constant reception of fresh water, would make it as fresh as Utah Lake. Standing on the shore of Great Salt Lake, one may observe the whole process of nature in rain formation, he may see the mist from the lake rise to a certain height, then form in light fleecy clouds which sail away to the mountains, where they are caught by projecting peaks and higher currents of air, and forced into denser masses, and at times he may observe them pouring upon the heights, the water which will run back and mingle with the mass at his feet, completing thus the cycle of moisture which Solomon remarked in the exactly similar phenomena of the Dead Sea: "All the rivers run into the sea, yet the sea is not full; to the place whence they came, thither the waters return."

GONE HOME. -- Mr. J. H. Beadle, the recent martyr editor of the REPORTER, bid us a short farewell on Sunday and left for the East on a visit to his old home in Rockville, Indiana. Mr. Beadle is writing a book on Utah which he will publish in February, entitled "The American Saints and their Territory." Every one that is acquainted with Mr. B. knows how interesting his book will be, for, as a careful descriptive writer, coupled with his expressive, good natured style, few equal and less excel him. He will visit Washington and the principal Southern cities during the winter and return to Utah early in the Spring. Mr. Beadle is evidently a man of destiny. He has met with several fearful accidents, and experienced a great deal of sickness, but nothing so severe as the late dastardly attack upon his life in Brigham City. That he was not killed on the spot is a wonder. His delivery from those fiendish wretches, alive, seems to be the work of Divine Providence. In common with his numerous friends in Utah, we shall await the issue of his book, and his return to Corinne with much interest.

Note 1: John H. Beadle left Corinne on Sunday, Nov. 28th and passed through Laramie the next day, but no mention of his passage through eastern Wyoming appeared in the local papers. -- He was in Omaha by Wednesday, Dec. 1st at the latest; but again his brief presence there elluded the Omaha reporters. According to a letter published in the Reporter of Dec. 14th, Beadle fell in with two other newspapermen there and the trio took the Chicago & Northwestern line to Chicago. Only after he arrived in Chicago on Thursday the 2nd did a journalist from that city's Republican locate and conduct an interview the western celebrity. The Republican reported: "Mr. Beadle has not been able to attend to business since [the Brigham City assault], and will not be, probably, for some months. He is now on his way to visit relatives in Indiana, where he will remain until after the holidays. He will then go to Washington and endeavor to get some law enacted for the greater protection of those 'Gentiles' who reside in Mormondom."

Note 2: At this time John H. Beadle was in contact with his brother William, a government official in Dakota Territory. On Jan. 22, 1870, William H. Beadle wrote to Vice President Colfax in Washington, D. C., telling him that John was "now stopping at his former home [in] Rockville, Parke Co., Indiana, where he is engaged in arranging his notes and other material into form for a book upon 'The American Saints and Their Territory...'" William also asked Colfax to help get John into the hearings of the House Committee on Territories was holding to investigate polygamy in Utah. A few weeks later John did appear before that Committee but his testimony did little to help the already doomed anti-polygamy bill. Contemporary reports saying that John H. Beadle had been "sent" to Washington by the Utah Gentiles in order to promote their interests (in opposition to the Mormons) appear to have been exaggerated. Dr. Oscar D. Cass was the Corinne Gentiles' special "representative," sent to lobby for them in Washington -- Beadle's involvement in that endeavor developed more fully after he had left Corinne, received assistance from his brother, and sold the rights to the book he was writing to an eastern publisher.

Note 3: In its issue for Jan. 27, 1870, the Pittsburgh Daily Gazette reported: "J. H. Beadle, a Salt Lake Gentile, is stopping at his father's house in Parke county, Indiana, recovering from the beating the Saints gave him at Corinne, and writing a book about the Mormons and their wives."

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Thursday, December 2, 1869.                                            No. 14.


It may be asked where can compulsion possibly he exercised in our system? We reply, whenever any man lays down his inspirations or conceptions as the sole rule (if right or wrong, and requires his brethren to admit their divinity -- or, if they believe them incorrect -- hold their peace thereon, on penalty of being branded as apostate, and cut off from all their hopes of life beyond the grave, and from all for which they have given a life's labor to establish on earth. This is the most fearful kind of ''compulsion and dominion" ever exercised by mortal man; compared to which threats of prisons, or the gallows, are as nothing. Men that hold a penalty of this kind in their hands -- one which touches men's souls to the very quick -- and threaten to use it on all who differ in opinion -- provided they publicly express that difference -- and in the face of all this, still talk of "freedom of thought and speech," must have very curious ideas of liberty. What is the use of being allowed to differ if we must not use our efforts to have the obnoxious measure set aside. Far better not to be allowed to think at all.

It must be understood that, by the word Priesthood, we refer only to its human representatives, and not to the divine and perfect system itself.

When Jesus, the Great Head of the Priesthood, was upon the earth, he said but little about his Priesthood or his authority, but spent his life in preaching principle. The writer has often thought how different this to his personal experience; for ninety-nine out of every hundred sermons he has heard, have been about "authority"' and "doing as you are told." As far as we can learn, Jesus simply reversed all this. All Priesthood, as pertaining to his dispensation, was centered in him, and yet the word Priesthood was never in his mouth. All harsh, authoritative dictatorial words were foreign to his nature. In him the true spirit of the Priesthood reigned -- a spirit that will yet prevail in every heart that bears the same Priesthood. If there is a different spirit than that in any of us to-day, it arises from the weaknesses and misconceptions of men. Priesthood in itself is one divine, eternal, unchangeable thing -- essence of love, persuasion, gentleness, patience and charity, and eternal enemy of "dominion and compulsion," it reigns in the sanctified worlds of eternity, controlling by its attractions alone; and as such it will yet prevail and influence mankind when the misconceptions of mortality have passed away.




The country bordering Great Salt Lake presents almost every possible variety of soil, but little or no change in climate.

First to the south lies Jordan Valley, which is generally meant when the people speak of Salt Lake Valley, forty miles long by about twelve in breadth; all the eastern half is valuable for agriculture, and most of the western for grazing. Proceeding northward a strip of salt marsh and low pasture land, near the Lake, is bounded on the east by a strip of fertile land from one to five miles wide, back of which are considerable pastures, even some distance up the mountain side. The same is true of Bear River Valley and the eastern slope of the Promontory, the former consisting of a fertile tract from ten to fifteen miles in width; but crossing Promontory to the west the change is sudden, and we find at the northwest corner of the Lake a valley of alkali flats and salt-beds of indescribable barrenness. The entire western shore is a perfect desert; a salt and arid waste of clay and sand, of the consistency of mortar in wet weather and a bed of stifling dust in dry; not even the sage brush and greasewood find life in the poisonous soil, and near the Lake thousands of acres lie glistening in the sun, bare white with salt and alkali. Running water is found in but one place, and even the scant springs are separated by journeys of fifty miles. It is comfortable to reflect that a further rise of five feet in the Lake surface would bring it upon this desert, with an area of seventy miles square to cover, and requiring at least ten times as much water for a rise of one foot as it did ten years ago. Along the shore, the atmosphere is bluish and hazy, and Captain Stansbury observes that "it is a labor to use telescopes for geodetic purposes, and astronomical observations are very imperfect." In the body of the Lake are several islands and projecting rocks, designated in the order of their size, as follows:

1. Antelope, also called Church or Mormon Island, having been appropriated by the corporation or Church of Latter-day Saints, for their stock, a sort of consecrated cattle-corral "for the Lord and Bro. Brigham." At the nearest point it is about twenty miles northwest of Salt Lake City; for many years the channel between it and the eastern shore was fordable, and is still occasionally; it contains a number of green valleys, and some springs of pure water. In the shape of an irregular diamond, with a sharp western projection from the northern point, it is sixteen miles long with an extreme width of [seven] miles; it contains many ridges and detached peaks, the highest 3000 feet above the lake, and consequently 7200 above sea-level. Near the northeastern coast is a rock called Egg Island, and on the most eastern cliff, "they say" there is a cave, with remarkable blue grottoes, of which "monstrous stories" have been told.

2. Stansbury Island is the second largest in the Lake, lying southwest of Antelope, near the western shore, with which it is connected at rare intervals of low water by a sand spit. It is about half the size of Antelope Island, and consists of a single ridge, twelve miles in length, and rising three thousand feet above the Lake. It is of some use for grazing purposes, and is frequented by ducks, geese, plover, gulls and pelicans.

3. Carrington Island, so named from the Mormon engineer, Albert Carrington, who assisted Captain Stansbury in his survey, is an irregular circle with a single central peak; it contains no springs, but abounds in a great variety of plants and flowers. It lies a little northwest of Stansbury, and west of the north point of Antelope Island, near the western shore.

4. Fremont Island lies between Antelope and Promontory Point, nearer the last, and just below the point where Bear River Bay opens into the central part of the Lake. It is shaped somewhat like a half moon -- abounds in plants, particularly the wild onion, but is destitute of wood and water. Colonel Fremont named it Disappointment Island, having been led to believe, before visiting it, that it abounded in "trees and shrubbery, teeming with game of every description;" Stansbury gave its present name, and it is sometimes locally known as "Castle Island," suggested probably by the turreted formation of its principal peak.

5. Dolphin Island lies far up towards the northwestern corner, a mere rocky knoll.

6. Hat Island, southeast of Gunnison, is probably part of the same reef. The deepest sounding in the Lake, forty feet, is found between Stansbury and Antelope Islands. The latter is also rich in minerals, marble of the finest quality and roofing slate, being readily obtained in large quantities. Boats could run directly alongside of the quarries and load with the greatest convenience. A considerable boating interest will yet be built up on the Lake, in which these islands will play an important part. On the eastern shores of the Lake are cultivated farms, populous towns, mines of all valuable metals; on the island are valuable tracts for pasturage, and at the foot of the surrounding mountains are medicinal springs, hot and cold, sulphur, iron and soda. The summer air of the Lake is light, saline and health inspiring; the scenery unsurpassed, and abounding in views of memorable beauty. The romance of this Mare Mortuum has survived the investigations of science, and from a region of misconception and fable, the vicinity of the Great Salt Lake has become the Switzerland of America.

(Correspondence of the Reporter.)


Bonds and Covenants -- Death to all Opposition --
Burning at the Stake -- The Fighting Apostle --
How People come up Missing so often --
Getting Names for a Peition to Congress,
etc., etc.

Salt Lake City, U. T., Nov. 30, 1869.            
When Brigham entered these valleys, twenty-one years ago, he, with some of the Twelve, entered into bonds and covenants with each other to kill and destroy everything that offended in Zion. That is, he "would send to hell across lots," every person who might think different to him in his grasping, despotic rule; and truly, he has carried out his hellish purpose. But few, compared with the whole, have dared to utter a word against him or his plans. Those who have, have done so at the risk of their standing in the Church, and if cut off, they were then spotted as black sheep. The sequel to which was, "shut your accursed mouth, or leave the country." Those who took the latter course would be killed and hid, or dragged into some unfrequented gulch or ravine, and no more has been heard of them. Such work as the above can be proven. Scores of his people know what I am saying to be true, but dare not say a word, at the risk of their lives. There is scarcely a man in the Church but has taken oath and covenants to be avenged of their enemies, and to teach their children to do the same; significantly meaning anything and everything that opposes Brigham, and the person who revealed this, with other things, should have his throat cut and their guts let out. These things I have gone through and know what I am talking about, so will every man in the Church know what I say to be true.

This looks like telling tales out of school. I despise a traitor everywhere, as a rule, but there is exceptions to every rule, and this question is that exception. When matters begin to assume the proportions of a Popish inquisition, when a man, or hundreds of men, women and children are taken and burned to the stake, simply for expressing an opinion against the Pope. Matters here are just drifting to the same state of affairs, and I think it is time to speak. We will speak, and speak so as to be heard, too. Hundreds are like myself in this respect, but are yet afraid to speak out; but the day is close at hand when the secrets of some men's deeds will be preached on the house-tops. The day is gone for one man to think for a whole people -- to carry their purses, to council men to build fine houses, knowing at the same time these men had not means enough to finish the building, but Brigham would loan them money and take a lease on their property, and thus keep on until these victims are so involved that Brigham takes their property for the debt. Men see this -- many of them -- but dare not say a word about it, knowing the covenants they have made to sustain Brigham in all things temporal and spiritual.

I heard just last night, while sitting in the theatre, that G. Q. Cannon threatened to kick and thrash Mr. Camomile, the Utah Magazine agent, when on business to the Deseret News office, for saying something in a meeting, about the fighting Apostle. Mr. Camomile told the bully he had better not lay a hand on him, or any man in the Magazine office, for if violence was commenced, the thing would not stop short of Brigham Young and those of his clan.

Brigham has sent round a few of the holy sisters to every house, asking the names of the heads of families, writing the names themselves; and if not asked the question, they would not tell what it was for. They go around when the men are away at work, and get the names; when the men come home, their wives inform them that some sisters have been there and taken their names. Upon inquiry, it is found that Brigham is determined to have a long list of names to present to Congress, praying for admission as a State.   WATCHFUL.

Stenhouse wants to establish in Ogden again. The people don't want him to.

The Central City (Col.) Register says our enterprising young friend, "O. J. Hollister, was in Chicago the other day." It might have said, also, he was on his way to Washington, in the interests of Corinne. We -- the Gentile portion of Utah -- will be pretty strongly represented in Washington this winter, when Dr. Cass, Gen. Williamson, Gen. Connor, Mr. Beadle and O. J. Hollister get there. As Dr. Cass goes as the authorized representative of the Gentiles in Utah at his own expense, we would suggest that our friends in Washington outside of Congress, assist the Doctor as much as possible in getting his claims before Congress with as much weight as the exigencies of the occasion require, and that Congress lend an attentive ear.

Note: See the Reporter of Oct. 27th for the news item concerning the selection of Dr. Oscar D. Cass as the Corinne Gentiles' "representative" to lobby for their special interests, in Washington, D. C. As of Dec. 2nd, however, he had not yet departed on this journey to the East.

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, December 4, 1869.                                            No. 15.


A person only need glance over the Mormon papers occasionally to discover the inherent meanness inseperably connected with Mormonism. The difference between inherent and ordinary meanness is this: The ordinary mean men are usually only mean where their own interests are involved, whereas the inherent mean men are blind to all interests, personal, local, or general. Doggerel meanness is the ruling passion of their lives. The subject of this article was never better illustrated than in the course the Mormon leaders have pursued against the "Gentiles" of this Territory. Thousands of good, reliable, responsible, gentlemanly, enlightened men, from all parts of the world, (not of the Mormon faith) have come to Utah from time to time with their families, their wealth, and civilized influences, with the intention of settling down, so to speak, and help develop the hidden treasures of this wonderful country; and this, the following extract from the Deseret News, Brigham's organ, is the reception and encouragement they meet, after sacrificing everything they possessed in the world at the altar of progress, enterprise, and civilization. In speaking of Promontory and Corinne, the News of the 26th ultimo says:
From a gentleman who reached this city last evening we glean a few items of news pertaining to the infamous centres of "civilization," "progress," and "enlightenment," whose names disfigure the head of this paragraph.

In the early part of the present week an unsophisticated Dutchman, who, with his wife and eight childre was en route to the Pacific, was swindled out of several hundred dollars, the savings of several years, by a gang of the elite, alias the gamblers, swindlers and scoundrels of the Promontory, leaving the poor folks utterly destitute, as they were unable to recover a cent. This vile and nefarious transaction was the hair that broke the camel's back, for it so incensed the railroad men that they determined to rid the place of all such characters infesting it. They accordingly armed themselves, and with Mr. Edwards, agent of the U. P. road there, at their head, they gave the crowd a quarter of an hour to leave, placing an engine and car at their disposal to transport them to that boasted lasted mart of commerce, that Chicago of the mountains, Corinne, with its few miserable huts and shanties and "deadfalls." * * *

The decision finally rendered, to establish the junction of the two roads at Ogden, is already, we are told, attracting a large influx of would-be settlers to that place, among whom, our informant assured us, is quite a number of worthies, owners of gambling hells, rum holes, "deadfalls" and other delectable places of a like kind at Corrinne and Promontory.
This we say is what men of all classes, except the Mormons, have met with upon their arrival at the threshold of Utah. Jeers, taunts, discouragement, blackmailing and persecution in every form has been the lot of the hardy miner and prospector, the man of enterprise and science, the doctor, the lawyer and historian, each and all have been sacrificed to that morbid passion of inherent meanness. The most brilliant, best or ablest man in the world, should he come to Utah and not fall in with the Mormons, would be termed the most despicable wretch on the face of the earth. This is probably best illustrated in the visit of the Vice President of the United States recently.

But in speaking of Promontory, why link Corinne in with it? Inherent meanness done it, and nothing else. During the entire reign of terror at the Promontory, these immaculate (?) Mormon organs never raised their voice a single time in defense of the unfortunate travelers so unmercifully fleeced there; but as soon as the thieves were dislodged by men, white men, not Mormons, than these snake-in-the-grass organs of the vilest institution known to civilization, endeavor to sneak in for a part of the praise, and saddle the blame upon some one else.

Men of wealth, refinement and enterprise, surrounded by the influences of christian civilization, have come to Utah from time to time, and endeavored to plant and propagate the same here, but they find no encouragement here. He is immediately "spotted" as a "black sheep," and treated accordingly, as the following extract from the same organ of the 20th ultimo plainly shows:
WANTS PATRONAGE FROM CORINNE. -- The Daily Gazette, Helena, M. T., of the 20th inst., after doing a considerable "puff" for Corinne, which, it says, is a town "largely interested in the success of Montana," and which has "her Montana hotels and her blacksmith shops, and all that sort of thing," solicits the patronage of the merchants of that lively and interesting burg.

Our cotemporary must be in a pretty tight place to need the patronage of a defunct city, about the size of a walnut shell, like Corinne, which, in its juciest days, was nothing but a rendezvous for gamblers and prostitutes, and whose most "enterprising" merchants were the keepers of hurdy-gurdy houses and faro hells. The prosperity of these worthies has departed now that the mushroom notoriety gained for Corinne by lying and wire-working has collapsed by the settlement of the junction question, and our cotemporary's chance of patronage from that quarter is very slight, for the prospect is promising that the locality will soon be in the enjoyment of all its primeval quietude, rid of the gang which for a few months past has disgraced that portion of God's footstool with its presence,
So it is plainly evinced they don't want us to have what it is impossiblr for them to get. What kind of a way is this to develop a country, we ask? But perhaps we can answer this question more readily than many of our readers; it is the Mormon way. Thus we have been slandered, misrepresented and discouraged by those to whom we ought, by right, look to for protection and encouragement ever since the first dollars was invested and the first house built in Corinne.

The REPORTER is the only paper that has shown up the hellish acts committed by the Promontory fiends, and called for protection from the proper authorities, yet when the thing is all over, and everybody out of danger, these leprous organs of lucifer endeavor to foster the blame on us and the Gentiles throughout Utah. There is a little secret about those Promontory brigands and their doings that all don't understand, and can not imagine why the Mormon authorities in Box Elder county, who have full sway, did not proceed to bring the villains to justice. The trouble is this: A very large percentage of thieves operating at the Promontory during the summer were Mormons, and as they were reaping a rich harvest, of which the "tithing office" would get its share, it was not policy for the Mormon authorities to interfere with them, and there was no other that could. It is well known here that these thieves had their headquarters, their hiding and dividing place in Brigham City, under the very shadow of the only power that could legally interfere with them, and it was not until the last vestige of hope had disappeared of the proper authorities taking cognizance of the outlaws that the railroad men organized and drove them from the scene of their brilliant (?) Mormon exploits. Upon the whole, we feel rather flattered than otherwise, to have the Mormon organs speak of us as they do, for those that know us are well aware that the only thing we have to fear from the direction of the "lion house" of ill fame is, the praise of its occupants and defenders.

COME BACK.-- General Connor came in from the West last night, where he has been sojourning a few days with his family, and attending to the shipment of a large lot of lumber, which is expected in Corinne in a few days. The General says the weather is beautiful down about the Bay, but business is awful dull. The Gen. will go to Salt Lake to-day, and return early next week. We always like to see the General round -- important transactions usually follow.




Besides the noted "Dead Sea," the Great Basin is well provided with lakes, such as they are, of which those in Utal constitute an irregular chain from north to south. Bear Lake, a mere "tarn" among the mountains, extending from Cache Valley into Idaho, is chiefly notahle as the home of the "Bear Lake Monster," a nondescript with a body half seal, half serpent, and a head somewhat like a sea-lion, which has often been seen and described by Indians and Mormons, but never by white christians, that we have heard of. It has never been properly classified or named, as it is invisible when scientific observers are at hand, but from the descriptions current among the latter-day philosophers, we judge it to be a relic of that extinct species generally denominated the "Ginasticutis."

The Sweetwater reservoir, Utah Lake, is fed by large streams from the western slopes of the Uintah range, its circumference, exclusive of offsets, being estimated at eighty miles. This singular analogue of the Sea of Galilee receives the waters from the southern mountains, containing a few grains of salt to the gallon, and after furnishing space for considerable evaporation, discharges them by way of Jordan into Great Salt Lake. Sevier, Preuss, Nicollet, and Little Salt Lake in like manner receive and furnish "sinks" for the waters from the Iron Mountain range, and the southern branch of the Wasatch, none of these lakes communicatirg with any other, but each dependent on a distinct water system. Only the larger streams form lakes, the smaller are either evaporated or sink in ponds and puddles of black mire; the waters in places reappear or pass under ground to feed the larger lakes.

The deserts of Utah consist of alkali flats, barren sand or red earth, resulting, in most instances, merely from the lack of water, for where this can be supplied in sufficient abundance, the alkali is, in no long time, washed away; and many of the sandy districts, once thought to be irreclaimably barren, have been proved quite fertile by irrigation. It is quite evident, also, that a change has been going on for many years, reclaiming large tracts in the vicinity of the mountains. Tracts, entirely barren a score of years ago, after receiving the wash of higher lands, present a scant growth of grease-wood, which is succeeded in time by white sage brush, and that in turn by the ranker growth of blue sage-brush, each step marking an increase of fertility in the soil. Large tracts are found entirely barren of vegetation, others that have advanced to the greasewood stage, still others to the growth of sagebrush. In many places the transition is evident, and from the testimony of early explorers, certain tracts have completed the entire circuit of increasing fertility within the memory of man.

Utah is in the parallel of the Mediterranean, but the elevation renders it more bleak, though not liable to sudden vicissitudes of temperature; the changes in any one winter are quite moderate, but the difference between successive winters is often much greater than in any other part of the United States. Cattle have been wintered in Cache Valley, Ogden's Hole, and other sections, entirely upon the range and without shelter; on the other hand there have been winters in which all the settlements were isolated, when snow fell almost every day, with a high westerly wind, sometimes so high that spray was carried from the Lake into the City. The first two winters the Mormons spent in the valley were unusually mild, cattle living along the streams without feed; the third winter, and that of 1854-'55, were exceedingly harsh, and the people being unused to make provisions therefor, many hundred cattle perished in the snow. Twenty years ago rain very seldom fell between May and October; in 1860 it continued quite showery, even to the first of July, and, at present some rain may be counted on with certainty every month in the season. The change is attributed by one class of philosophers to a gradual change of the rain-zones; by the Mormons to their prayers and piety, and the favor of Heaven, but is probably due to cultivation and planting. The same phenomenon is observed in western Nebraska and Kansas, and in upper Egypt. The Indians say, "the pale face brings his rain with him." The summer, as marked by the thermometer, is hot, but the great elevation, the lightness and dryness of the air, the cool winds from the canyons and the complete absence of malaria, render it delightful and wholesome. Here, at the north end of the Lake, we have the sea-breeze, the mountain air and the refreshing zephyrs from the plains. During the last summer the thermometer usually rose eight or ten degrees from sunrise till noon; the greatest mid-day heat was not oppressive, and the mornings and evenings, cooled by the mountain airs, were deliciously soft and pure. The most disagreeable feature of this section is the dust-storms and thunder-storms, which, during the last season, though not frequent, were severe. Showers are expected when the clouds come from the west and southwest; from the east they will cling to the hills. Cultivation and irrigation giving greater facilities for evaporation, the process of nature in the cycle of moisture is quickened, the particles of water make the circuit oftener, and more frequent showers are the result. It is evident this climate of cool, dry air in the winter, moderate dryness and extreme tenuity in the summer, and stimulating rarity at all seasons, is suited to all healthy and most sickly constitutions. Paralysis is rare, consumption almost unknown -- the climate lacks that humidity which develops the predisposition -- asthma and phthisis meet with immediate relief, and from my personal experience, it is evident the air tends to expand, strengthen and give tonic force to the lungs. But rheumatism and neuralgia are by no means uncommon; as in other bracing climates, they effect the poor, and those from any cause, insufficiently fed, housed or clothed during the winter. For all who would avoid humidity, either in soil or air; who seek relief from pulmonary diseases or dyspepsia, the climate is unsurpassed; but for inflammatory diseases the good effects of this climate are still open to debate.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, December 7, 1869.                                            No. 16.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Thursday, December 9, 1869.                                            No. 17.


Salt Lake City, Dec. 5th, '69.            
Ed. Reporter: -- On Friday night, about 8 o'clock, as two young gentlemen, Gentiles of this city, Mr. Calahan and Frank Phelps, were walking along South Temple street, near the News office, they were accosted by 5 men, masked, a cocked navy revolver was stuck in Calahan's face and he told to make tracks at once, on pain of instantly having his brains blown out, while Phelps was carried bodily to the north side of Tabernacle block, and there an attempt made to murder him. He succeeded in disengaging his right leg, gave the man who held his left a kick in the stomach when he let go, struck Phelps across the mouth with a revolver and again across the left hand. Phelps had by this time succeeded in getting out his own pistol, and firing as he drew it, put the ball, as he thinks, directly through the head of the man nearest and directly in front of him. This man fell at once, and the attention of the villains for the instant being diverted to him, Phelps turned and ran perhaps twenty steps, when a shot was fired at him, he stopped, faced about, fired two more shots and was about to fire a third when his right arm was paralyzed and entirely disabled by a charge of buck-shot received in the arm and shoulder. He dropped his pistol and ran as far as the post office, where he fainted from loss of blood, but finally reached the Revere House, where a physician dressed his wounds. His supposed offence is that he has been recently paying attention to some of the Mormon girls. The whole affair, to a stranger, as the writer is, is suggestive. The attack was made at night, in a dark and secluded place, and by masked men, as all other such affairs, I hear, are usually conducted in this saintly city. There were five men to one boy, as they thought, (he proved himself a host.)

The Telegraph of Saturday makes a great mystery of the affair, and innocently asks "why the police officers were not allowed to see Phelps at his room." It may be superfluous to say, in answer to this, that it is well known here, by both Mormon and Gentile, that the life of a Gentile, no matter what the charge against him may be, is not worth a feather when in the hands of the Mormon police. They again ask, "by what authority does an officer of the U. S. Government refuse the necessary information to ferret out an alleged crime, said to be committed in this city?" We answer that their police have been sp zealous, viligant and successful

The papers and people here often ask why it is that they are so suspected and persecuted by the people of the United States. We answer, it is because in this Territory alone are such resorts as the mask, knife and bullet appealed to and justified in the resentment of private grievances, or against all who are not of you, and may oppose you.

As a matter of news to you, Brother Stenhouse has gotten a divorce from second wife, and left her with two children to support, and has taken his first wife and family and left the city and Territory. He too well knows that a man suspected of apostacy, and is as well posted in the private history of the people as he is, is not safe here.   A BOY IN BLUE.

Our Salt Lake letter from a "Boy in Blue..." explains the recent appempt to killing Mr. Phelps in that city, in a very lucid manner. We can vouch for every word contained therein as being true to the very letter, according to the evidence.

Our Salt Lake correspondent says Stenhouse has run away -- that the "schism" was getting too hot for him. Poor Stenhouse, by trying to play into both parties' hands at the same time, has lost his situation entirely. Au Revoir, Stenny


We propose to change this cry of persecution that the Mormons have monopolized so long, and credit it where it rightfully belongs. Last Friday night, while a young man and his chum were walking leisurely along one of the principal streets of Salt Lake, a daring attempt was made by a lot of Mormon ruffians to kidnap him; but for what purpose, we are left to guess as best we can. We that are acquainted with the damnable deeds of Brigham's hirelings, in the past, may guess our way out very well, and without guessing the second time either; but there are people who do not understand the game so well, that it will puzzle.

The Salt Lake papers make very light of this recent heinous affair, just as they always do when any such barbarous deeds are committed. But the time has gone by for laughing, whistling, and burlesquing themselves out of the responsibility of such proceedings as that of Friday night last. The whole upshot of the matter in question is this:

Mr. Frank Phelps, a young Gentile, rather prepossessing and affable, has been residing in Salt Lake City for some two or three years, and got pretty "thick," as the story goes, with some of Brigham's, or old Danl. H. Wells' girls -- in fact, so " thick," that one of these ladies manifested a "woman's will" to do as she pleased, and change her name to Mrs. Phelps, by request. Of course as soon as this was understood at the "Tithing Office," a council of war was called, and the "Destroying Angels" put on the track of young Phelps, to follow htm till their hellish purpose was accomplished -- to kill or cripple him for life. They set out, thinking they had an easy task, as he is only a boy; but, as our correspondent says, he proved himself to be equal to almost any emergency, by extricating himself from five of the assassins -- shooting one and putting the balance to flight, without receiving much injury himself.

The Mormon papers positively deny his killing one of the ruffians, and say that the man found dead the next morning suicided while laboring under a diseased mind.

This is all bosh; Mr. Phelps testified that he placed his pistol within three feet of one man's head and fired, and I that "his man" fell into the gutter. If that is what the Mormons call suiciding, then there is no doubt but one of their "Destroying Angels" suicided then and there. The only thing to regret is, that the other four who attacked Phelps did not meet a similar fate.


Several parties out prospecting recently in this vicinity, have evidently "struck it rich." Mr. Hyram House, our well known townsman, called and showed us some specimens of the "real stuff," on Sunday, which looked quite refreshing for these degenerate days, and settles the matter for all future time in regard to the Utah oracles. Heretofore it had been a mystery to us not easily accounted for, that there should be rich mining districts on every side of us and none in our immediate vicinity. Colorado, Wyoming, Montana, Idaho, Nevada, Lower California and Arizona are all acknowledged to be very rich in mineral deposits; is it possible then for Utah, in the very centre of all, to be mineraless? No, it is not, nor will it be, doubtless, any longer. We can show better evidence of paying mines within forty miles of Corinne then any of our neighbors, and they will acknowledge it, too, before next spring.

BRIGHAM IN HOT WATER. -- The press dispatches say:

"There has long been a controversy between Brigham Young and the Internal Revenue officials In his Territory, and until this year he has succeeded in beating them at every point. The present officers, Dr. Taggart, Assessor, and Captain Hollister, Collector, are men of different metal, and have finally brought Brigham to terms. The quarrel has been about the proper tax on what is called the church property, and the Assessor and Collector have sent on their papers, from which it appears that Brigham is charged about fifty thousand dollars tax and penalties. He proposes to tight the case before the Revenue Bureau, and it will may finally reach Congress."

Dr. Taggart and Capt. Hollister are evidently more than a match for the "old boy." Brigham thinks he can scare them out by threatening to carry the matter before Congress. This threatening is the Mormons' "strong holt," but like all other thieves and confidence men, when it comes to a test they won't be there. "Holler" persecution, Brigham!





Alkali is another enemy of the Utah farmer. A moderate infusion is thought to be an advantage, but in many places it is so thick as to "flower out" like a heavy frost or light snow on the surface; there it is fatal to most crops, and many think it will not yieId to the longest continued cultivation. Some crops will flourish, where it is abundant, others are ruined by the slightest sprinkle. The common pie-plant entirely loses its acidity, and the sorghum cane is completely "alkalied." But the principle of compensation in nature applies even here, and the Utah farmer has some marked advantages. There are neither droughts nor freshets -- both considerable items to an Illinois farmer; the latter are unknown, and the former of no consequence in the practice of irrigation. In the summer of 1866, there occurred a furious wind and rain storm in the locality of the writer's residence in the States, which destroyed corn, wheat, and fruit, to the value of $50,000 in one township. This amount would have irrigated for many years, a tract in Utah as large as that township. Wheat for many seasons has required but one or two waterings, and in 1867 the average yield, according to Mormon statistics, was seventeen bushels per acre. With flour at $18 per barrel, and last year it was sometimes above that, this would pay well for irrigation. Barley and potatoes yield very heavily, and have heretofore sold at enormous prices. But the last year there has been a great decline in prices. The land produces all the small grains, especially wheat, oats and barley, in great abundance; a little Indian corn is raised, but the climate is not favorable; nearly all the fruits and vegetables of the temperate zone, pumpkins, beets and carrots -- in Gentile slang, "Mormon currency" -- in great size and plenty. Peaches of fine flavor, and in great quantity, are grown in almost every valley. Salt Lake Valley and the lower tracts adjacent being most favorable. But we do not fully appreciate the apples of Salt Lake; they seem insipid, stunted in some places and overgrown in others, and decidedly "pithy." The lower part of Bear River Valley and the slopes leading thereto, have all the natural indications for one of the finest fruit countries in the world, the easy changes of the winter and spring being peculiarly favorable. Beets and onions grow to an unusual size, which suggested, in 1853, the idea of making beet sugar. The "inspired priesthood," headed by "Brother Brigham," entered into the matter with zeal; $100,000 were expended upon the building and machinery, but the Lord must have "spoken to the Prophet with an uncertain voice;" for the experiment failed utterly, on account of the alkali, the Mormons say, for want of good management, say the perverse Gentiles, who some times add that the Saints made a fiery article of "Valley Tan " whiskey out of the useless material. But other sweets abound; there is great profit in sorghum, and one farmer near Kaysville reports that last year he made one hundred and five gallons from one-third of an acre, and two hundred gallons per acre throughout his field. At the low price of one dollar per gallon, this will pay for irrigation. But cane farmers must avoid the alkali lands. Of farm improvements there is little to be said. The impression prevails quite generally that the Mormons are remarkably industrious. I have impartially endeavored to find the evidence, but with due regard for others' opinions, I fail to see it. They have built houses, barns and fences, but such as they were absolutely forced to have in order to live at all. If there is a single farm-house between Salt Lake City and Bear River, which shows an advanced idea of architecture, we do not remember It. If there is any particular development of taste, any adornment which shows an aspiration for the higher and more beautiful, or any improvements indicating comprehensive grasp and energy of thought, we have missed them in our travels. The Mormon converts are drawn from the most industrious races of Europe; it was impossible for even Mormonism to entirely spoil them, and they have done nearly as well, perhaps, as any other people would have done under the same circumstances. Compared with the same races in the Western States, the Swedes, Norwegians, Danes and English, of Iowa or Minnesota, the latter have made as much progress in five years after settlement as the Mormons in ten or twenty. But on the credit aide of the estimate for the latter, we must set down the fact of their great distance from civilization, the natural barrenness of much of their country, the grasshoppers, crickets, wild beasts and Indians with which they had to contend; the spiritual despotism under which they labor; their poverty and their ignorance of this mode of farming; on the debit side, the advantages from overland travel, and neighboring mining regions, which enabled them to obtain fabulous prices for their grain, the general advantages of a new country in "fur, fin and feather," the rare healthfulness of their climate, the unlimited range for stock and the benefits of unity in their labor system. The wonder is that they settled there at all; having settled there they have done less in the way of improvement than their countrymen in other sections in half the time. But the true wealth of the Territory, after all, is in grazing. The range is practically unlimited and the mountain bunch grass is the best in the world for cattle. This valuable, and rather anomalous, provision of nature seems to be indigenous to the interior plains of the Rocky Mountains. It is first found, we believe, on the western slope of the Black Hills, and extends to the eastern slope of the Sierra Nevadas. West of that boundary it gives place to other seeded grasses of the Pacific Slope, and to the "wild oats" of California, which are supposed to have been introduced by the Spaniards. Millions of acres are rendered valuable by the presence of bunch-grass, which, without it, could hardly be traversed by cattle. As the name indicates it grows in clumps, and to an eastern eye would appear as if it sought the most barren spots, flourishing even upon slopes of sandy and stony hills. Like winter wheat it remains green and juicy under the snow; it usually commences growing in February or March, and continues till May or June, when it dries up and appears to die, but in the form of a light straw contains abundant nutriment. In places, during autumn and after shedding the seed, it puts forth a green shoot, apparently within the old withered stalk; with the advance of summer the best is found higher up the mountains, and it thus furnishes food the year round. It yields a small pyriform seed, which is greedily devoured by cattle, and has remarkable fattening properties, giving an excellent flavor to the beef. It is often a subject of remark, how little food will fatten cattle upon the elevated prairies, and interior plateaus of the West; the exceeding purity, dryness and rarity of the air, by perfecting the processes of digestion and assimilation, no doubt accounts for this. The same has been observed of the highlands of Central Asia. From the same causes cattle endure a greater degree of cold without shelter, and the plains can be made to produce abundant forage for winter. The finest, juciest, tenderest, saliva-provo-kingest (!) steaks of home growth, appear daily upon our tables, and there is scarcely a limit to the possible supply. By greater improvement in irrigation, and by the increase of rain, Utah will in time have great agricultural wealth, but stock raising will be her best paying interest.

FILLIBUSTERING. -- Gen. Connor is in town engaged in fitting out the "Kate Connor" for a trip to sea. What does it mean? Is the gallant little craft really going on a fillibustering expedition in the interest of the Cubans? Or is she going to New York to rescue the conspirators in the "drawback frauds," and bring them to Salt Lake? It is hinted that Brigham Young has chartered her to take him and his wife (?) to the Sandwich Islands. We don't believe any such thing. In the meantime it would be well for the U. S. Marshal to keep an eye on her.

IN TOWN. -- Corinne has been particularly favored this week so far, with a plenty of visitors. Gen. Connor returned from Zion Tuesday evening. Mr. Waters was in town the same day. Col. T. Thoroughman and lady, from Helena, and a large number of strangers from all over the country. The hotels are having a royal time of it now days.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, December 14, 1869.                                            No. 19.

(From the Philadelphia Bulletin.)




The Mormons said to be Preparing for
a fight -- Orders for the Sudden
Departure of U. S. Troops
from New York City.

The attention of the War Department has been lately attracted to the fact that the Utah Mormons have been engaged tor some time in collecting a formidable camp in the vicinity of Salt Lake City, numbering about fifteen thousand men. It is said that this movement was undertaken for the purpose of being prepared to resist the enforcement of any legislative acts which may be made against polygamy at the approaching session of Congress. It is well known that the Mormons have always bitterly opposed any interference with their peculiar institution on the part of the National Governtment, and they have frequently asserted that they would not accept any Federal laws tending to the abolition of polygamy. One of the prominent Mormon Elders recently said in a Brooklyn meeting of the faithful that Brigham Young's people were ready to take up arms and shed blood, if necessary, rather than submit to the harsh rules of the Gentiles, or to lose their right to have as many wives as they pleased. He claimed that there was no dissension among the followers of Brigham Young in regard to the question of permitting Congress to destroy their doctrines by legislation -- that they were unitedly in favor of protecting themselves against any such action, even to the declaration of hostilities. He mentioned that the apprehensions of the Mormons were greatly aroused by the strong anti-polygamy sentiments which were uttered by Vice-President Colfax during his late visit to Salt Lake City in company with Mr. Albert D. Richardson and Governor Bross, of Illinois. The elder also spoke in reference to the Mormon camp now being organized in Utah, stating that it was to be situated at a place along one of the main routes to the West, and that it was intended to afford both defensive and aggresive advantages.

The leaders of the large force will be selected, it is said, from among those who have enjoyed military experience in Europe or in this country, and who have the confidence of Brigham Young. It is also whispered in Mormon circles hereabouts that the camp will be supplied with a large quantity of ordnance and ordnance stores. The quiet and systematic manner in which the encampment has been formed, the large number of men brought together, and the general tone and spirit of the Mormons' talk give good reasons for supposing that they are determined to protect their cherished institution from danger.

Within a day or two past despatches have been received from the secretary of War by Major Genaral McDowell, commanding the Department of the East, ordering him to have all the spare troors under his command in readiness to march at a minute's notice. The secret manner in which the orders were forwarded to General McDowell, and the speedy way in which they have been executed are regarded by some as an indication that the destination of the troops is Utah, and that they will be used as garrison for be United States forts at that place, thus securing to the Government the means to meet any emergency which may occor by the sudden uprising of the Mormons. It is hinted that this important military measure was devised by Gen. Sherman. Gen. McDowell issued orders to the officers in command of troops stationed at the various forts in New York Harbor, to hold their forces in readiness to move this morning, supplied with ten days' rations. The Department force numbers between twelve hundred and fifteen hundred soldiers of all arms. Some of these belong at Fort Trambull, New London Harbor, under command of Gen. Brannan; others are stationed at Sackett's Harbor, under command of Col. McDuryee; but the majority of Gen. McDowell's troops form the garrisons at Fort Hamilton, Wadaworth and Schuyler, under commend of General Vodges.

Only about three hundred men will be enabled to start this morning. They will be provided with two days' cooked rations, besides carrying eight days' uncooked rations. None of the soldiers, not even the officers, know the meaning of the mysterious movement, which has been kept a profound secret by the Washington authorities. During yesterday the Quartermaster's and Commissary Departments were busily engaged in preparing for the movement. It is thought that troops will be despatched from other military departments. In a similar manner.

Another story is that the troops are to be sent to Minnesota, to settle tbe Red River difficulties, but the military officials decline to furnish the secret of the matter to the public

THE DIFFICULTY IN UTAH! -- The schism in the Mormon Church seems to have developed developed into formidable proportions and promises to lead to important results. Brigham has not only to encounter the direct opposition arising out of the course of the young Smiths, but also that resulting from his quarrel with several of the most influential and popular leaders in the Church, who have long been looked up to and respected by the masses. Godbe and Kelsey, who have been "cut off" from the Church, are among the most able and influential Mormons in Utah. Stenhouse, who has "resigned" from the Church in consequence of having been "suspended," also wields considerable influence. These men cannot very well leave the Territory, because they have a plurality of wives, a circumstance which would prove embarrassing outside of Mormondom. Consequently they will have to remain with the Saints, though not of them, and will constitute an adverse power in the heart of Brigham's empire. He has not done wisely in precipitating such a crisis unnecessarily. -- San Francisco Chronicle.

EXIT THE MORMONS. -- Nearly every train bound East takes hence a large number of Mormons, missionaries they call themselves, but we should call them mysteriousaries. Something is wrong in Zion, sure. Never was so many allowed to leave the realm at any one time before. To be sure there are a great many going back to their former homes and friends, but there is a still larger number going for some other purpose. Our advice to our Eastern brethern is to keep a sharp look­out for this class of people, also for your wives, daughters and valuables.

Mr. J. H. Beadle sends us one of his characteristic letters from Chicago, which we are pleased to give a place in our columns to-day, and hope we may be favored with many more during his travels this winters. His "Home Papers," which were necessarily crowded out for a few days, will be continued next week, and none omitted by the suspension.


Chicago, Dec. 6, 1869.            
The first snow of the season was sifting in light crystals upon the "salt land" the morning of my departure from the valley, and I missed that delightful view usually seen from the car windows. The Lake rested under a black dense cloud, and the cold air from Weber Canyon hinted strongly of a "snow-blockade." From Bridger eastward 700 miles the snow lay from five to eight inches deep and the wintry blasts howled over the American Desert with a melancholy sound that made the inside of a Pullman car appear a very parlor paradise. It requires some study to see the charms of winter; in summer we can lie upon our backs, gaze fully up into the blue empyrcap and drink in the beauties of the season without mental effort; but winter turns the thoughts inward. It is the season for severe study, introspection, laborious investigation, and -- happy thought! -- game and oysters. The poet may say:
"Oh, nature all thy shews and forms
For feeling, kindly hearts have charms.
Whether the summer softly warms
        With life and light,
Or winter howls in dusky storms
        The long dark night."
But give me the long summer days, the roasted lamb and buttermilk, the mint juleps a la ryestin and the cool place in the grass. The people along the road seemed to have gone to winter quarters, for we saw very few. During a half-hour's stay at Wasatch I found our friends Ricksecker & Co., of the engineer corps, hard at work -- keeping a stove warm. Thence to Laramie I saw nobody but an immense herd of antelopes, the largest I ever saw and numbering several hundreds, run parallel with us for a few miles on the plains near Rallins. Laramie enjoyed a much warmer climate than any other place, but was interesting only in view of a warm breakfast at 11 a. m. We took dinner three hours after at Cheyenne, a station east of the mountains, formerly the site of a considerable city, still picturesque and snowy, but silent and dull. No Argus eye watches over the interests of the place and her active population are turning towards Evans, the "winter town" on the Denver Pacific, which is said to be already a lively copy of what Cheyenne was just two years ago. The "city" is some forty miles from Denver; corner lots are selling at high figures and the population is reported at 3,000. Meanwhile Cheyenne has evidently declined. How strangely history repeats itself. But a few years ago the savage Cheyennes dominated that entire region; then a rattling city flourished for a year, and now the reaction seems to be setting in strong. In the words of the Prairie Poet:
"Here the red Indian had his delights,
Fout, fished and bled;
But now the people are mostly whites
With nary a red."
We found the climate on this side perfectly fearful. The first morning we up in Nebraska every one in the car developed some old complaint; one man groaned with the rheaumatism, a lady screamed with neuralgia, the first time I stepped out of the car I was doubled up like a figure 6 by the prairie wind, had a fearful attack of asthma and suffered considerably from a relapse of that complaint which in my case might be denominated "Mormonism in the shoulder." The weather was very cold at Omaha, but no snow; ice running heavily in the river, but not quite enough to hinder ferriage. Omaha also complains of a "tightness," but is preparing for a commercial tonic in the form of two railroads, northwest and southwest from the city. They will be built and will add greatly to the city's prosperity; but from what I hear, the completion of the great railroad bridge over the Missouri is doubtful, at any early period anyhow. There I remained a day and was overtaken by Mr. Claude G. DeBruler, of the Cincinnati Chronicle, who accompanied me to this place, as did Mr. E. S. Wilkinson of the Helena Gazette. As we came by the Chicago & Northwestern, in good company and with internal and external protection against the cold, it is needless to say we had a good time; though the winds were high and the face of the country cold and bleak. The road is in splendid condition, the accomodations all that could be desired and the time to this city only twenty-two hours. Travelers by this route, leaving Corinne in the morning, can reach this city the third day in the afternoon, and have four hours to stop in Omaha and Council Bluffs; probably as long as any of them would want to stay just now. Life is too short to spend a whole day there now. Allow me to make a publoc acknowledgement of the courtesy and efficiency of the employees of this road in the matter of lost baggage. Being [lame] and careless I failed to get my trunk checked at Council Bluffs, and on the way found that it was left behind. The conductor and transfer agent took a description thereof and on their return forewarded it in good order and without extra charge to this city. For this and many other courtesies I return my hearty thanks. We found Chicago dull as to business, rather lively in amusements. On Thursday evening we (the newspaper men mentioned) went to "Crosby's" to witness "Sinbad the Sailor," by Lydia Thomson's troupe, "The Blondes." The piece is of the wildest burlesque extravaganza, in which scarecely a trace of the well-known story can be perceived; the "valley of diamonds" and the escape of Sinbad by means of eagles, gorgeously presented as to scenery and incidents, being the only exact exact reproduction. All the principal characters, male and female, are represented by young ladies of the pure blonde type, and the play is instructive -- as a study of physiology. On Friday evening we attended Emerson & Manning's Minstrels, at the Dearbon Theatre, and Saturday night, at the McVicker's, enjoyed the wonderful acting of the great Irishman, Sominick Murray, in the thrilling Irish drama "Oonah's Engagement." Mr. Murray has presented a higher type of Irish character upon the stage than has ever before been given.

Many Utahtonians are here. General Clampitt is stopping at the Mattison House, and assures me that our wishes as to the Governorship of Utah are favorably received at Washington. Gov. Edward Higgins, our late popular Secretary, is here, but I have not seen him. We were agreeably surprised on being roused from innocent slumbers at the early hour of nine on Friday morning by a familiar knock and voice, to find at the door Mr. James Galloway, formerly of the REPORTER outfit. He looks well, but of course is not so happy as when he was spreading Gentile sentiments in Salt Lake City. "Brother" Wilkinson tells me he will remain here a month. We will proceed to Southern Indiana, after we have seen the rest of the city.

A WORD TO THE WISE. -- We wish to make brief mention of our business men now in Corinne, and those contemplating business here next year. We have a few very good wholesale houses at present, representing some half dozen lines of goods; but we want more, and heavier houses. We want every line of goods consumed in the mountains represented here, and represented in force, too. We would like to have our merchants already established take advantage of this warning or suggestion and act accordingly; but if they will neglect it, or have not the capital and credit to operate on, then they must not blame us for inviting others to meet the demand and do the business that is sure to be done here next spring and summer. There is not a man doing business here to-day but what knows that there never was a time since Corinne was laid out that the mountain of orders could be met and filled without considerable patch-work and delay. No doubt Messrs. Otiler, Ransohoff, and Creigjton & Munro think they have a supply equal to the demand, at present. But how long could they maintain an assortment when the heavy buyers come in? not ten days, which they ought to know as well as we, by the experience they have had in the mountain trade; yet, through some timidity or other, they calmly sit down and let orders from Montana, Idaho and the large railroad towns, pass quietly by without an effort to accomodate them. We have known orders to go begging here for ten days at a time, nobody having the goods to fill them, and still merchants say it is dull. What kind of a policy is this to pursue, and what else could you expect but dull times? There is not another town in the West with the flattering prospects and undeniable advantages of this, that would pursue such a suicidal course for a single day. All we ask of you now is to wake up to your own interests, canvass the ground, and act accordingly. There is every evidence of an early demand next Spring, and a heavy one. Stocks should be laid in by the 20th of February, at the latest. Nothing short of a $250,000 grocery and miner's supply stock will do; and other goods in proportion. Again we say, "a word to the wise" ought to be sufficient.

Note 1: For some background information regarding Beadle's 1869 trip to Chicago, and then on to Rockville, Indiana, see notes attached to the Reporter clippings of Nov. 30, 1869.

Note 2: Although obviously well-meaning, the Reporter editor's "Word to the Wise" was soon outdated by the inevitable laws of commerce and economic geography. The 1869 selection of Mormon Ogden as the "junction" of the two Pacific railroads gave that town a huge advantage over Corinne. The Utah Central Railroad, carrying passengers and goods both north and south, would run through Ogden and not through the Gentile colony on the banks of the Bear River. Within a few years, Corinne would no longer have its array of merchants, to say nothing of vast warehouses supplying all the material needs of Montana and Idaho.

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Thursday, December 16, 1869.                                            No. 20.

Salt Lake Correspondence of the San Francisco Chronicle.


Celestial Marriage By Brigham Young's Prophets.

A Woman's View of Mormonism -- A Woman's Interview
with One of the Wives -- The Killing of an Elder --
The Hostility of the Saints to the Government
of the United States.

We set out after dinner, and in a few minutes reached the residence of Mrs. Eleanor McClane Pratt. The house was a low, one-story concern, built of adobes, and contained one large room used as a school room, a bed-room, and a kitchen at the back. Mrs. Pratt received my friend cordially. I may as well here mention that the husband of the lady who accompanied me was a favorite with Brigham and the Mormons, as he belongs to a very limited class of ''Gentile" residents of Salt Lake City who can see nothing bad in the peculiar institutions of the Mormons. Hence my friend had the entry of Mormon homes, and is, in fact, a welcome visitor to the houses of the Saints. I could not help remarking that the greeting of Mrs. Pratt to myself was cold and distant, while at the same time she appeared to regard me with a suspicious look. It was apparent to me that she did not intend I should gain her confidence if she could help it.


After we became seated, and while she was making a few inquiries of my friend, I studied her appearance and manner closely. She is of medium height, thin faced, plainly and even slovenly dressed, with a certain wildness of manner and of the eye at times which denoted a mind diseased. I had been previously informed by my friend that she was the Mrs. McClane through whom Parley P. Pratt, a leading Mormon apostle, lost his life. It seems that Pratt, during one of his missionary tours in 1856 or 1857, brought up in Arkansas [sic - California?], where he made the acquaintance of Mrs. McClane. Her husband was absent at the time and she remained at home with the children, a boy and two girls, who were quite young. The wily Pratt soon ingratiated himself into the good graces or Mrs. McClane, preached Mormonism to her, and finally persuaded her that it was her duty to embrace him and Mormonism, forsake her husband, and with her children accompany him to Zion, there to become one of his polygamous wives.


The unexpected return of McClane frustrated their plan for taking the children with them, but Mrs. McClane succeeded in escaping to Salt Lake City, where she was sealed to Pratt. She was, at that time, pretty good looking, although anxiety of mind, and perhaps remorse of conscience has since interfered greatly with her good looks. Although she was, apparently at least, happy in the society of her seducer, yet secretly she pined for the company of the children she had left behind. She accordingly persuaded Pratt to return the next year and attempt their abduction. Pratt went to Brigham for counsel, and Brigham advised him not to go, for if he did McClane would kill him. He therefore refused to go, but the constant entreaties of Eleanor at last overcame his resolution, and, procuring a light wagon and span of mules, he started, in company with a Mormon train, taking Mrs. McClane with him. They finally arrived in the neighborhood of McClane's house, and, learning that he was absent, the mother sought an interview with her children and tried to persuade them to leave their father and go with her to Salt Lake, but they refused.


McClane had anticipated some such move on the part or his faithless wife, and had informed his children of the iniquities practised by the Mormons, which made them unwilling to go. McClane had also left a friend to watch for any attempt upon the part or Pratt and his paramour, to steal the children away, swearing that be would have the heart's blood of any Mormon who attempted it. McClane's friends forwarded a hasty despatch to him informing him of the situation, and he returned very unexpectedly to the would-be abductors. Pratt was informed of McClane's return a few moments before he entered the town, and that he was armed with a bowie knife and two revolvers, which he purposed using upon Pratt's body. The latter immediately mounted his horse and endeavored to escape. He rode out of town at one end as McClane entered at the other.


McClane soon found the bird had flown, and the presence of his wife, with the fact of the attempted abduction, added fuel to the flames already raging in his heart. He again mounted his horse, a fleet and powerful one, with the determination to pursue Pratt to Salt Lake City, if he could not sooner overtake him. After a chase of several miles McClane came in sight of Pratt riding up a long hill. When Pratt gained the top he looked back and saw McClane close behind him, pistol in hand. He immediately put spurs to his horse in the vain hope of escaping, looking back every now and then with fear depicted upon his countenance at the near prospect of a speedy ending to his villanous career. But his days were numbered, and a shot from the pistol of McClane passed through his body. He immediately fell from his horse, and it is said that McClane, dismounting, cut his throat from ear to ear.


Such was the miserable end of a Mormon apostle, who had broken up the happiness of a man's family by seducing his wife and afterwards attempting the abduction of his children. Mrs. McClane, after she had witnessed the burial of Pratt, returned to Salt Lake City without the children. She was received by the numerous widows of the deceased Pratt with reproaches and contempt, as being the cause and indirect means of his death. Brigham, however, interferred, and assigned her a small portion of Pratt's land, upon which the built a house, and now teaches school for a living.


She is crazy upon two subjects -- Mormonism and the killing of Pratt by her husband McClane. I determined to draw her out on the latter subject as soon as an opportunity presented. My friend informed her that I was only temporarily stopping in the city, and that I wished to see some few of the Mormon ladies at home before continuing my journey. She immediately turned to me and asked if I was a lecturess. I replied that I was not, neither did I expect to lecture upon any subject, Mormon or otherwise, but simply wished to see a little of Mormon home life, for my own instruction. She replied that she was glad I was not a lecturess, for since Anna Dickinson had obtained what information she could and then used it in a lecture against the Mormons, she did not care to be communicative to strangers. She thought my desire to learn the truth was commendable, and if I sought the truth prayerfully, with a wish to do right, the Lord would bless me, and eventually bring me into the true faith.


"Then," said I, "you believe Mormonism to be the only true faith."

"I do," she replied. "I firmly believe that Joseph Smith was a prophet, as much as any of those mentioned in the Old Testament. I know it for myself and not for another. Brigham Young is the man upon whom the mantle of the martyred Joseph fell, and is inspired to lead the Lord's chosen people, I have never had a doubt concerning the truth of Mormonlsm, since I first heard the gospel of life and salvation from the lips of the martyred Parley P. Pratt."

"You was present, I understand, during the last moments of Parley P. Pratt?"

"Yes, I assisted in preparing his body for the grave. The bloodthirsty McClane did his work effectually, and he never spoke after he was shot. I remember the affair as well as though it were but yesterday. Every one in the town [where McClane lived] knew that he was after Parley to kill him, and all was excitement in the streets. The people ran out to the edge of the town to see him killed; but, when Parley's body was brought in, a solemn stillness succeeded the hubbub of the hour previous. The people spoke with hushed voices and affrighted looks, as though they began to realize that a servant of God had been slain, and to feel that the judgments of the Almighty would fall upon them for the deed."


"Was McClane punished for killing Mr. Pratt?" I asked.

"No," she replied; "but his death has been fearfully avenged upon the nation which has permitted the blood of the Prophets to be spilt without punishing the murderers."

"Was you divorced from McClane previous to marrying Mr. Pratt."

"No," she replied; "the sectarian priests have no power from God to marry; and as a so-called marriage ceremony performed by them is no marriage at all, no divorce was needed. The priesthood, with its powers and privileges, can be found nowhere upon the face or the earth but in Utah."


Continuing her conversation, which seemed to have taken the form of a sermon, she said: "I regard the law of celestial marriage, or, as the Gentiles term it, polygamy, as the keystone of our religion. That is wherein we differ with the sects of the world. They hope for a salvation in a heaven where husbands and wives shall be utter strangers to each other; we expect to reach a heaven where we shall rear families, the same as we do here. We could not do this unless we had a revelation authorizing celestial marriage; and we could not be saved in the celestial kingdom without obeying this revelation. It is the great distinctive feature of our religion, and by it must our religion stand or fall."

I began to think by this time that I had heard enough about "celestial marriage," as understood by Mrs. McClane Pratt, and my friend seemed to have arrived at the same conclusion, for she arose and said that we would have to take our leave.


We notice that many of the larger and older cities, bith east and west, are moving in the matter of organizing vigilance committees. No doubt this is the best thing the honest, law abiding citizens can do under the circumstances, but it must necessarily fall like a "wet blanket" on our boasted civilization of America. Vigilance committees might be tolerated for a time in the back-woods or mountain districts, where law is weak and justice uncertain, with perfect propriety, but when the densely populated centres of wealth, intelligence and judicial influence clamor for such measures it is time to reflect. The question naturally arises, are we progressing? and if so, which way? Vigilance committees, or what is more generally termed taking the law into our own hands, is a mode of proceedure resorted to in the early or medieval ages, and all things considered, hardly in keeping with our so-called advanced state of civilization. There is evidently something wrong. The mere mention of an effort to establish this kind of justice in such cities as New York, Chicago and San Francisco, plainly argues that something is "rotten" in the United States as well as "Denmark." Have we arrived at the time when "patience ceases to be a virtue?" We hope not, but the indications are that the odds are fearfully against us. "Hope deferredmaketh the heart sick," but let us hope on, though we hope in vain. The idea of meek and even-handed justice being wrenched from her exalted throne by money and mobs is too dreadful to think of even in our day. Verily the signs of the times are ominous.

(under construction)

Note: The original report of the interview with Eleanor McLean Pratt also documented an interview with Sarah Bates Pratt. The remainder of the article is: "Mrs. Pratt was evidently a woman of education, but deeply imbued with the fanaticism of her religion, which warps her judgment and prejudices her against everything not Mormon. --- My friend now proposed to call a few minutes upon Mrs. Orson Pratt, the first wife or the "Apostle," who is a brother of Parley P. Pratt. On my way thither I learned that Mrs. Pratt, although silently acquiescing in the system or the community in which she lived with her husband, was at heart no Mormon. She did not believe in the divine mission of either Joe Smith or Brigham Young, nor did she believe in the Mormon doctrines. Her continued residence among the Mormons was due to the fact that she could not, in her old age, leave her husband and go forth alone and destitute into a world of which she had known nothing for the past twenty years. Hence she remained in Mormonism, but not of it. The church authorities accuse her of having taught her children heresy, on account of which they have left the Mormon Church. Her oldest son, Orson, a talented young man and a fine musician, was cut off several years ago for refusing to go on a mission. When asked by Brigham the reason for his refusal, he replied that he was not going to preach things which he believed to be false. His excommunication came soon after. The experience of Mrs. Pratt in Mormonism has been bitter in the extreme. In Nauvoo she was the young, cherished, and beautiful only wife of Orson Pratt, then a young, talented man, and one of Smith's apostles. The licentious Smith cast his baleful glances upon her and marked her for a victim. He kept Orson preaching so that he could not accumulate any property, and, after he had used up his means, sent him on a mission to Europe, promising that the church would look after his wife. He then laid his plans to attempt the seduction of Mrs. Pratt. He communicated his intentions to John C. Bennet, his counselor and right hand man, who, being a particular friend of Orson and of his young wife, communicated Smith's design to her. She refused to credit Bennet's story, for she was then a sincere disciple of Smith, and a firm believer in Mormonism. --- One day Smith called at the wretched abode of Mrs. Pratt, and, under cover of a revelation, endeavored to persuade her to accede to his wishes. She steadily refused, and threatened to call assistance if he did not leave the house. The baffled Smith left in a rage, declaring he would bring her to terms. Her allowance of provisions from the tithing-office was stopped, and Smith tried to starve her into compliance. She held out steadily, subsisting as best she could, with the aid of a friend, until the time of Orson's return drew nigh. About this time Smith and Bennet fell out, and the former, fearful of consequences, determined to save his own rotten reputation by charging Mrs. Pratt and Bennet with adultery. When Orson Pratt returned to Nauvoo, Smith poured his vile falsehoods into his ears, but his confidence in the integrity of his young wife remained unshaken. When he heard her story, and the statements of Bennet, he saw Smith in his true character and immediately left Nauvoo, refusing to remain a disciple any longer, Smith stormed, swore, and denounced them from his pulpit, calling Mrs. Pratt the vilest names he could think of. He was brought to his senses by ascertaining that many of his prominent men were on the verge of apostasy, and that, if he did not regain Pratt's influence and services, his church would be broken to pieces. He finally managed to conciliate Pratt and bring him again to Nauvoo, as devoted an adherent as ever; but the veil had been torn from the eyes of Mrs. Pratt, rudely it is true, but effectually, nevertheless, and she saw Smith, not as a righteous prophet, but as a devil, in all his hideousness and deformity. Her faith in him and his religion had departed forever. After a long, walk we reached the abode of Mrs. Pratt, and, entering found ourselves in the presence of a fine-looking elderly lady, who received us courteously and invited us to be seated. She had evidently been handsome when younger, but care and sorrow had left their traces upon her face in heavier lines than time alone could have done. --- Probably the heaviest affliction she had been called upon to endure was her husband's rewarding her youthful devotedness to him by taking several wives after he arrived in Utah. --- I felt emboldened by her free, unaffected manner, to ask her if her experience in polygamy had been a happy one. --- She replied. "No! neither do I believe that the experience of any first wife can be a happy one, whatever may be that of the plural wives. The first wife cannot easily tear from her heart affections which have been rooted by time and strengthened by the single, undivided love of her husband for years. It would he unnatural to suppose that such a thing could be. It is true that first wives, through lapse of time, become somewhat reconciled to their lot, but only at the cost of heart-rending anguish, and a snapping asunder of all the ties which bind them to their husbands. My testimony, like that of many other first wives in polygamy, is, that I have suffered greatly, and have only become reconciled when I could bring myself to regard my husband without affection, and as a woman would look upon a husband from whom she had been divorced forever. --- At this moment the door opened, and a young lady entered, who was introduced to us as Miss Zina Pratt. She is the daughter of Orson Pratt, by another of his wives, but she is a bitter opponent of Mormonism, and especially polygamy. She appeared to be a lively, intelligent girl, possessed of much good sense, and evidently believing in the "Gentile" fashions denounced by Brigham. Two years ago she was engaged to be married to a young "Gentile," but the match was rather forcibly broken up by her father. It appears that she was introduced to a young man named Frank McGovern, by a mutual friend, upon one of the skating ponds near the city, McGovern, an elegant skater, undertook to learn Miss Pratt to skate, and, while thus engaged in gliding over the ice together, it was but natural that they should glide into each other's affection. On account of the prejudice against ''Gentiles" entertained by her father, their meetings were clandestine. They finally arranged a marriage, the ceremony to be performed by one of the Federal judges. But the Argus eyes of the secret police had kept a close watch, and discovered their plans. On the evening agreed upon for the marriage, they met at the house of a mutual friend. No sooner had they entered the house than the police spies, who were on the watch, informed Orson Pratt of the intended wedding. Pratt repaired immediately to the house, accompanied by several policemen, and entered as the couple were about starting for the house of the judge. A scene at once ensued, which ended in two policemen holding McGovern firmly by the arms, while the meek and venerable "Apostle" beat and kicked him until he was tired. After this valiant performance the policemen informed McGovern that if he did not leave the city in twenty-four hours he would be effectually disposed of. McGovern took the stage for South Pass City the next morning. Miss Pratt returned home with her father, more bitter than ever against the Mormon institution. Our conversation with Mrs. Pratt was an interesting one; but, situated as she is among the Mormons, for reasons which must be apparent, I do not think it advisable to report it. As evening approached, after a pleasant interview, we took leave of Mrs. Pratt with sincere regret."

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, December 18, 1869.                                            No. 21.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, December 21, 1869.                                            No. 22.


The Statements of Brigham Young, Jr., in
"The Post" Revealed -- Charges Against
the Mormons by a Resident of Utah --
A Severe Review of Brigham Young's
Defence of the System.

A correspondent of the New York World writing from Salt Lake in reference to the recent interviews published in The Post, says Brigham Young, Jr., made a series of false statements in his interview with our reporter. This correspondent denied that "the women in polygamy are protected by law," and says that "there is no such thing as a law on the statute book protecting women in polygamy, and if there was, it would be in conflict with the anti-polygamy law and consequently void."

Mr. Young said there are a large number of public schools in Utah. This the correspondent denies, and says there is not a single school in the Territory. There is a law upon the statute-books providing for the levying of a school-tax, but the only free school in the Territory is the one established by the Episcopal missionaries.

The correspondent alleges that the Mormons are responsible for the Mountain Meadow massacre, which Mr. Young, Jr., in his conversations with our reporter charges upon the Indians. He says:

"Leading Mormons planned the whole affair. Affidavit after affidavit has been made, showing that the Mormon savages committed the brutal murder of 147 men, women, and children in cold blood, for plunder, and to avenge the death of Parley P. Pratt, * * * It is well known in Utah that Brigham Young, Sr., and other leading Mormons shared in the plunder."

The correspondent scouts the statement of Mr. Young, that the Mormons are not vindictive, and refers to the recent murder of Brassfield and the assaults upon Mr. L. Watters and J. H. Beadle, editor of the REPORTER, and says the most ludicrous part of Brigham Young, Jr.' s statement is that the Mormons consider Maj. Hempstead, the United States Attorney for the Territory, their enemy because in the discharge of his duty, he is endeavoring to enforce the anti-polygamy act. Any officer of the Government who endeavors conscientiously to do his duty, and enforce the laws of the United States in Utah, is an enemy to the Mormon, if he happens to tread on Mormon corns. Brigham Young, Jr., made an admission, unintentionally no doubt, which shows the animus felt by the Mormon leaders, against the Government, laws and officers of the United States, which may yet tell with painful weight, when the Mormon question is handled by Congress.

The correspondent refers to the recent excommunication of the editors and proprietors of the Utah Magazine, for publishing some liberal articles, and says the "proceedings during the meeting of the 'School of the Prophets' are described as having been rather stormy. Henry Lawrence, a Mormon merchant, opposed the cutting off of Godbe, Harrison, and Kelsey, for the offence alleged, and was silenced by Brigham, who will also excommunicate Mr. Lawrence, unless he repents and asks forgiveness."

The articles which were published in the Utah Magazine, which excited the Mormon ire, advocated the development of the mineral wealth of the Territory, which Brigham has always discouraged. The following is from the article for which the editors were anathematized:
"Obedience, considered abstractly, is neither a virtue nor a vice. It may be either; there are abundance of instances, indifferent individuals, where it is both. It is a characteristic of the most exalted and the most debased intelligences. It is powerful for good or evil; a blessing or a curse; an instrument of order and happiness or an engine of oppression and misery, according to the motive which prompts it and the power to which it is subject. Obedience is just as possible to Satan as to God; to the leader of a band of highwaymen as to a servant of the Most High; but no one would contend that it is praiseworthy in the former cases. * * *

"Blind obedience, like blind unbelief, 'is sure to err,' and lead its votaries into a thousand errors, inconsistencies, and difficulties. God has never required it of His creatures, though men often seek to enforce it from their fellows. * * * It is quite time mankind understood this distinction -- that they should learn wherein righteous obedience consists, and be free from the self-imposed mental tyranny, far worse than African slavery, which compels to a blind, unintelligent obedience at the sacrifice of conscience and self-respect, through an unfounded fear of incurring the Divine displeasure.

"All countries, before they can become rich, must develop some specialty or product of which they have a great surplus for sale, or remain poor. * * * Home consumption brings no money into the Territory, and we imperatively need something that will. And we ask wherein is that something, and the answer comes back from all parts of the Territory that it is in minerals! We are one of nature's vast mineral storehouses -- a mineral territory, in fact. From one end to the other we walk over worlds of mineral wealth awaiting development. We have mountains of coal, iron, and lead, and enough copper and silver to supply the world, to say nothing of more precious metals."
The correspondent concludes by reciting some outrages of recent occurrence. He says:
"Mr. I. Watters, a wealthy jeweller of the Hebrew persuasion, called by the Mormons a Gentile, was severely beaten by Joseph F. Smith, one of Brigham's apostles, assisted by other Mormon ruffians. * * * Outrages by the Mormons are getting common again. Mr. J. H. Beadle, editor of the Utah Reporter, was nearly beaten to death within the precincts of a Mormon court, and the perpetrators of the outrage are carefully screened by the Mormon authorities.
The letter concludes:
"After the first dawn of civilization, Utah is relapsing into barbarism again; and the only light sufficient to penetrate the gross mental darkness of the people is that which would be reflected from two thousand glittering bayonets in the hands of as many boys in blue. Utah murderers should grace the end of a rope, and hang as thickly upon the trees as fruit in autumn."
Another correspondent, writing to the Chicago Journal, says, in reference to this act of excommunication:
"To understand the full force, in this community, of an expulsion from the Church, and the effort of the order to the Saints not to patronize or to read the proscribed magazine, you must know that this people have been taught to believe, and do believe, that Brigham Young is the vicegerent of God on earth, and is infallible in all temporal as well as spiritual things.

"These editors feel themselves in danger of personal violence, and even assassination, by the pious and fanatical Saints, for to take their lives would not be shedding 'innocent blood,' according to Mormonism. The proscription of the magazine will be strictly observed by ninety-nine in every hundred of the Saints, and hence it will probably be ruinous to the proprietors financially."
It is to be hoped that the Government will do something the coming winter to suppress this "twin relic of barbarism," and free the Territory of Utah from the disgraceful manacles of Mormonism. -- Philadelphia Post.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Thursday, December 23, 1869.                                            No. 23.


Arrival of a Company of Brigham's
Missionaries -- An Opportunity
for Lone Women and
Bigamous Men

Brigham, the Polygamist, recently sent out among the Gentiles a "batch" of missionaries. A number came to Chicago, but thus far the Post reporters have only been able to hear one of them. He is represented to be an old fellow of fifty-five winters, and passionately fond of the "sex," in fact he is almost insane on the woman question. A gentleman who casually met him, questioned him closely in regard to his mission. He informed the gentleman that he had been a physician at Salt Lake, and had treated several of Brigham's wives. Our friend, who is well posted in medicine, and is a highly intelligent man of mature years, got him to "foul" on physic, and sifted the Mormon's knowledge of it so as to leave no doubt that he had not been a "respectable quack." This Mormon missionary is a specimen brick, and an old one, too, of the whole party of "Saints" whom Brigham has sent among us to carry off our sons and daughters to Mormondom. Such men are allowed to go at large in defiance of the law, while if a poor fellow who had but two wives should come here, he would be arrested instanter. To those who wish to take unto themselves several wives, and several wives who wish to clamp to their bosoms one man, there is now a chance; the Saints are among us, and the opportunity is a good one. Let these agents of Brigham have a "fair field and no favor," and they will no doubt suceed in ridding Chicago of some whom we can spare, but they come "in such questionable shape" that their presence is incompatible with the law.

What the names of the Saints are, or at what hotels they are sojourning, could not be learned after diligent inquiry. It is possible they are safely ensconsed with some Mormon friend in the city, or have found quarters in some of the numerous boarding-houses. Certain it is they are here, and already at work.

The "Saint" referred to above, is, it is said, endeavoring to increase his own harem, and that work will probably be the extent of his missionary business. He wants an unlimited number of young women, and promises to love them all alike, without regard to color. Several African damsels in need of a husband have now a golden opportunity. It is also understood that the other missionaries are in the "same fix." Not knowing where to apply, unsophisticated virgins must needs hunt the "Saints" up.

Those poor fellows in dread of the law, because they have more than one wife, have also a chance to evade justice, by becoming converts to the Mormon faith. Brigham will wash all their sins away -- if he can. It is not known whether free transportation to Salt Lake City will be furnished or not, but it is probable. -- Chicago Post.

A  Mormon  Outfit.

A Mormon elder, who undertook to smuggle through the New York custom house a family outfit, was overhauled, and his goods confiscated, and sold at auction. The catalogue is quite instructive, giving one an insight of how a well-to-do polygamist provides for his several wives. This Mormon saint seems to have eleven wives, as he bought eleven pairs of scissors and eleven pairs of gloves. There are eleven dress patterns of some pretensions, viz: four dresses in silk, three silk mixed with wool, and four white and figure colored muslin dresses, plainly showing that in a well-regulated Mormon harem, distinctions are drawn, as well as in Persia or Turkey. Eleven dozen handkerchiefs of one kind was in a lot. In the article of hair-pins the Mormon was quite impartial, for he had 120 fancy hair-pins, and sixty-five various hair-nets. It says little for the domestic industry of polygamy, that only three thimbles were among the whole lot of seized goods. In corsets, the lecherous sinner was profuse, and he actually bought for all his wives satin corsets. Evidently intended for his favorite Sultana, were the following: one pair of bracelets, one pin cushion, one set of brooches and earrings, one bonboniere, and one workbox. The Mormon may, after all, have purposely betrayed himself to the officers of the law, and got rid of the presents as the best means of getting rid of a domestic scene. They must be saints, indeed, in Utah, if eleven wives should be satisfied with but four silk dresses. As it is, the Mormon can show his wives the invoices, over which they must feast to their hearts' content, and the wiley saint can even have the pleasure of assuring each wife in secret that the choicest articles were intended for her special use, says a correspondent. -- Goldrick's Herald.

The  Government  and  the  Mormons.

From the most reliable information we have been able to procure we have been led to the conclusion that the exercise of the utmost constitutional power of the Federal Government to repress the tyranny exercised in Utah by Brigham Young and his associated terrorists would not only be hailed with joy by the Gentile population of the Territory, but would meet with the sincere approval of a very large proportion of the Mormons themselves. Hundreds of polygamic wives, who have been long neglected for new successors, who have been beaten, scourged and tortured for womanly remonstrances against shameful wrongs which no true woman can submit to in silence, hundreds of these women, could they be protected by the Government against actual assassination, would be glad to testify in the United States Courts to flagrant and shameful violations of the Act of 1832, of which they have been involuntary eye-witnesses. It is a remarkable fact, and one not generally known, that Brigham Young and the majority of those who vote for a Delegate to Congress from Utah, at an enormous expense to the Federal Government, are actually outlaws, who are not entitled to the right of suffrage. Every existing Territorial law of Utah ratified ny Congress should be repealed, and such new laws enacted as will exclude the polygamic Mormons from all participation in either the legislative, judicial or executive department of the Territory. It is true that the fry of "religious persecution" would be raised; but there is no "persecution" involved in measures necessary to secure life and property, neither of which are safe in Utah under Brigham Young's administration. Mormonism was simply the fruit of a robbery committed by one belonging to the lowest order of horse thieves, and it has been propagated among the ignorant and superstitious as a means of gratifying the thievish cupidity and brutal lusts of its "apostles" and leaders. The testimony of a vast number of poor, deluded wretches who have been inveigled into that nauseating cesspool of corruption confirms these views. Among the Mormons themselvesthere are to-day thousands of discontented and unhappy beings, whose most earnest desire and aspiration is for an opportunity to escape the bondage that enthrals them and to find a place of refuge where they can enjoy the fruits of their labor unmolested by a debauched and unscrupulous priesthood. It is a sad and melancholy fact that in Utah, over one hundred thousand duped and degraded men and women labor incessantly to support the extravagance and gratify the lusts of the Mormon leaders, while themselves are destitute of all luxuries and many of the comforts of life -- San Francisco Chronicle.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, December 25, 1869.                                            No. 24.



(From the Glasgow Weekly Mail.)

Among the thousand-and-one articles and pamphlets on the Byron scandal, in prose and verse, I have seen nothing approaching, for wit and pungency, a clever jeu d'esprit issued from the London press. It is entitled "Lord Byron's Defence," and, professing to be written by himself, is dated "Hades, MDCCCLXlX." The following extracts, selected at random, will give the readers a sample of the flavor of this Byronesque production:
"Who is this Mrs. Stowe? her name, thank God,
     Was never one familiar to my ear;
Her country was a land I never trod,
     Although I travelled often far and near.
They say that she's a woman, that is odd;
     To women, as a rule, my verse is dear.
Perchance she's some forlorn, neglected beauty,
Or else -- her husband doesn't do his duty.

I can't console her in the flesh, I can't
     Revisit "glimpses of the moon" to make
Poor Mr. Stowe unhappy; and I shan't
     Leave good men in these Shades for woman's sake.
So Stowe may rest in peace. I only want
     To know why all this trouble she should, take.
I might have needed once a moral teacher;
     N'importe -- but damn this sanctimonious Beecher!

I never was a moral man, I know --
     I did some things were far beyond defending;
For Virtue always was so cursed slow,
     I flew to Vice, just as my soul was mending.
And I am rightly punished: Mrs. Stowe,
     Sensation and obscenity so blending,
Has scatter'd lies with dirty prodigality,
     And marie me blacker even than reality.

"Fatalis incestusque judex" she
     As Horace says, (I ought to change the gender).
"Et mulieT peregrina" that to me
     A comfort is. My fame needs no defender,
E'en in America, I think they'll see
     The falsehoods uttered by this base pretender.
Who 's heap'd upon me such a huge indignity,
     With fatuous, foolish, feminine malignity.

Sweet to the blushing bride a husband's kiss,
     Sweet to the old man dreams of youthful vigor.
Sweet to the virgin thoughts of love's new bliss,
     Sweet is the hope of freedom to the nigger.
But sweeter far in spite of public hiss
     To H. B. S. the cheque -- a handsome figure
Her publisher will pay -- game worth the candle,
     For sheets befoul'd with literary scandal.

My sister! thy sweet soul has pass'd away
     Where all this foul aspersion hurts thee not;
Pure in the pure realms of eternal day,
     Thy heart is free from every earthly spot.
Of no avail the words that sland'rers say,
     The fair escutcheon of thy fame to blot.
O'urs'd be the greedy publishers who gave
     This literary jackal to thy grave.

I care not for myself, my fame is far
     Beyond this dull reviler's power to dim;
My Sister shone before her as a star
     Shines purely o'er the young moon's crescent rim.
She wish'd our reputations both to tar
     With the same foul brush; 'twas a worthy whim
Of her who white-wash'd hosts of fetid niggers,
     To take such pains to blacken both our figures.

'Tis said I woke one memorable morn
     And found that I was famous; speedily
I knew myself the target for all scorn.
     Men called me infamous; (the Lord knows why).
What laurels this rude woman may have worn
     I know not, but this deed of infamy,
This lewd, loquacious, literary antic,
     Should blast them on both sides of the Atlantic.

One would live on for ever, but a bore
     One's life becomes ere many years roll on;
And yet a man must feel a little sore
     To think how he will suffer when he's gone.
"Nil nisi bonum," said the men of yore,
     "De mortuis," but now one's tomb upon
Folks write foul words; in fact, there's no denying
     There's something very dangerous in dying.

Enough. I leave to all men's scorn the lie
     This insult to the living and the dead;
'Twas a proud task for woman's hands to try
     To heap defilement on a woman's head.
The Stowe had scarcely dared to prate, had I
     Been living, but where'er her words are read
Deep execrations must her name environ
     Who dares to meddle with me.

Seceding  Mormons

The split in the Mormon Church widens. The Kansas City Journal say that a considerable number of Mormons from Salt Lake have come to Jackson County and settled near Independence, where they formerly resided. They have recovered some of their old property, including Temple ground, on which site they propose to erect another place of worship. These Mormons repudiate polygamy. In New York marrying two wives is bigamy -- why not the same in Utah? The whole system is a damnable sin and should be wiped out.

It seems that the mothers and daughters marry the same man in Salt Lake City, also sisters rejoice in the same husband, and it is darkly whispered that sons have married their own mothers, the horrid crime being duly sanctioned by the Church. Beside this horror mere polygamy is as naught. According to their own showing the saints of God must pass through trials and tribulations to prepare them for a happy future, and polygamy is one of those trials by which the Lord has designed to try them, and which will eventually result in good to the whole human race. Woman, however, do not become easily reconciled to the husbands taking other wives. A first wife must learn to cast out all love and affection from her heart, and she will have to come to it, if her husband takes other wives. Congress should break up the nests of these nasty people without further procrastination.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, December 28, 1869.                                            No. 25.


The Recalcitrant Mormons --
Godbe and Tullidge on the
Prerogatives of Young.

From the Springfield Republican.

Brigham Young has by no means succeeded in crushing out the incipient rebellion among the elders of his church. The Utah Magazine is still published; and its editors and proprietors grow more pointed in the rebuke of his authority, and in their arguments against his policy of temporal absolutism. Other prominent men in the church have taken sides with them, and join their protests with the original band of rebels. W. H. Sherman, one of the missionaries of the church, has thrown up his appointment and ranged himself squarely with Messers. Godbe, Kelsey, Tullidge and others. They are carrying on the battle fiercely in the church, refusing to go out -- claiming, indeed, to be the true representatives of Mormonism; and charging Young with introducing pretensions to authority, and an exercise of power, utterly antagonistic to the spirit and example of the fathers, and altogether destructive to the rights of individuals and to the permanance of the church. These articles are conceived and uttered in good temper, but yet are fearless in tone and cannot fail, we should think, to make an impression and receive sympathy among all the more intelligent classes of the Territory. One of these articles points out very effectively the fallibility of Brigham Young in temporal matters, citing numerous cases of failure in material enterprises which he has set on foot, and forced the capitalists and workingmen of the Territory to engage in. Then they array every variety of Mormon and historical authorities, as well as reason and Scriptures, against Brigham Young's theory of unconditional obedience, and insist with great force that the priesthood can command acquiescence among the disciples, only so far as the inner light of its disciples themselves are the propriety and the wisdom of its behests. We quote some of the more significant paragraphs of a recent article by Mr. Godbe:
For the same high authority (Joseph Smith) tells us, in speaking of certain ambitious men in the priesthood, that "they do not learn that the rights of the priesthood are inseparably connected with the powers of heaven, and that the powers of heaven cannot be controlled nor handled, only upon the principles of righteousness; that the powers of the priesthood may be conferred upon us it is true; but when we undertake to cover our sins, to gratify our pride or vain ambition, or to exercise dominion or compulsion over the souls of the children of men in any degree of unrighteousness, behold the heavens withdraw themselves -- the spirit of the Lord is grieved. Then amen to the priesthood or authority of that man,"

In due time such a spirit as this will burst asunder the bonds of priestcraft, and melt the shackles that so long have bound the souls of men in slavish ignorance and fear. The light of Zion shall shine forth purely and brightly throughout this and all nations, until, by the breadth and depth of her principles, all parties and isms shall be absorbed, and bigotry and superstition be known only as things of the past.
Another article by Mr. Tullidge, who is one of the prophets of the church, undertakes to vindicate the utter freedom of Mormonism, and its readiness to welcome all the elements of civilization. This paragraph, though it may be very false in its hopes, is yet very significant in its predictions. Its hostility to Brigham Young and his policy of "theocratic absolutism," as Mr. Tullidge calls it, is at least quite plain.

The dissatisfaction with the co-operative stores is also coming more decidedly to the surface. Mr. Jennings, the great Mormon merchant and capitalist, who was obliged to put his store into co-operation, has come into opposition to Young on the question of a dividend upon his capital so invested. He says that after being swindled out of his money and waiting eight months, he was bound to have some interest in return. Young took fire and declared that any shareholder who demanded immediate payment of his dividend must be looked upon as having lost the spirit of the Lord, and on the verge of apostacy. This and other indications go to show, what has already been predicted, that co-operation is a failure, and that the most active and capable men among the Mormons are deadly hostile to it. Another leading Mormon merchant, Henry Lawrence, who sympathizes, tho' in an unobstrusive way, with Godbe and Kelsey, is reported to have also tendered his resignation.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Thursday, December 30, 1869.                                            No. 26.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Saturday, January 1, 1870.                                            No. 27.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, January 4, 1870.                                            No. 28.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Thursday, January 6, 1870.                                            No. 29.

A bill has already been introduced into the Senate providing for the execution of the law against polygamy in Utah. This special law for the suppression of polygamy has been for a long time on the statute book, but it has always been a dead letter. Several attempts were made at the last session to secure its enforcement, but they were all failures. None of the measures proposed for the purpose were such as we could altogether approve. There should be no mistake about the matter this time, and there should be particular care that the bill, as adopted, shall be practical and feasible, and shall have an actual and positive bearing upon the order of things established under Mormonism. -- Cincinnati Gazette

We have always believed that Polygamy must eventually disappear even among the Mormons themselves, because while almost any purely religious sect is consistent with a certain degree of civilization, this Polygamy is essentially barbarous and utterly opposed to the Saxon idea of home. If allowed by law among ourselves, it would speedily by overthrown by the popular good sense and by our best domestic instincts. We are not surprised, therefore, to learn from the Kansas City Journal that a number of Mormons from Salt Lake have come to Jackson County and settled near Independence. This sect repudiates Polygamy, and as it does this there is reason to hope that it may in time repudiate the Mormon "revelations." -- St. Louis Democrat.

A New York journalist sums up the peculiarities of Mormonism pretty forcibly when he asserts that "its founder was a sheep thief, that its present prophet is a bloated tyrant, that its Bible is a proved imposture, that its pulpit eloquence is a mess of blackguard blasphemy, and that its practice begins by encouraging those appetites which every system deserving to be called a religion has begun by denying, and every social polity has found itself forced to restrain." -- Chicago Post.

We expect little from Congress now till after the holidays. We are glad to see that it is disposed to take some active measures for the suppression of Mormonism, by refusing the people of Utah the rights of citizenship while polygamy continues. -- Phila. Post.

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. ?                                         Corinne,  U. T., Saturday,  January 15, 1870.                                        No. ?

Salt  Lake  Correspondence.

The "Bulls Eye" Railroad Completion -- Driving the Last Spike --
Brigham Strikes the Nail on the Head --
War Declared from the Pulpits.

Salt Lake City, Jan. 10, 1870.    
Editor Reporter:
    Thinking a line from the "Lion's Den" would be of some little interest, I have been taking observations to-day, and transmit the same for your disposal. It was generally given out that the last spike would be driven to-day in the "Bulls Eye Railway," and in consequence an immense crowd, estimated at 20,000, assembled to witness the ceremonies of one of the greatest and most daring enterprises of modern time -- building a trainway over a level plain the unparallel distance of thirty-five miles. The work is accomplished; the world -- that is Mormondom -- stands in awe at the magnitude of the structure. At about half past one o’clock everything was in readiness, the construction car came up with the last tie and the last rail, the workman bored a hole for the beautiful and elaborately engraved iron nail which had been prepared for the occasion at the enormous cost of 7 1/2 cents. The prophet descended from his $183 carriage, and approached the sacred spot which he and God had selected for the termination. The multitude stood in breathless silence; not a man stirred, not a woman stirred, not a horse stirred, but as Brigham stirred the band struck up a waltz, and then the crowd waltzed. As the "chosen prophet" advanced and stretched forth his mighty hand to grasp the magnificent chased and polished hammer, cost $2.50, the Saints cheered in basso, supprano, alto, howls, grunts and squeaks. The blow was struck, and bang went a three-pounder, succeeded by others in quick succession; then a savage looking man turned his camera on the spot, and in a moment his instrument reflected the [image] of the hiyu-muck-a-muck, with your humble servant at his elbow. The locomotive was driven to the end of the last rail, and then followed a short prayer, appealing to the Deity for the preservation and prosperity of Brigham and the railroad; then came the President’s (that’s Brig) address, which was read with a beautiful nasal delivery by Brig’s right-bower, G. Quill Cannon, in which he stated that Brigham and God had accomplished this great work, that they had neither asked nor received assistance from the heathen Gentiles, and with the assistance and advice of their prophet Brigham they would be able to accomplish even greater miracles than this -- they would exterminate all Gentiles, overthrow the Government, and set up God’s kingdom in this great valley -- cheers. He was followed by lesser lights of the church. Thus ended the grand hoo-doo at the terminus. A great many gentlemen were present from other places, including officers and employees of the C.P. and U.P. roads. Illumination and ball this evening; already more than twenty-three fire crackers have been fired up, and more are expected.

Yesterday I visited the tabernacle and listened, while a blush mantled my cheek, to the apostle’s insult of our flag, our Government and our President; listened to an open declaration of war, should the present Congress dare to pass the bill now pending against polygamy. They appealed to the assembled foreigners -- renegades of all nations -- for an answer as to whether they would obey Congress or Brigham Young, and then came the response from a thousand foul throats: "We will stick to our religion and Brigham Young -- for us, polygamy or death." So they talk all over the city, and dare the Government of the United States to interfere with them or their institutions. Bishop Woolley, in his discourse in the 13th Ward, mocked at the puny force on the hill, (Camp Douglas) and said they would send out enough women to demolish that show concern. Well, things are getting hot here, and if the polygamy bill passes, look out for lively times. The women are to hold an indignation meeting on Thursday night, on the question as to whether they will submit to the action of Congress or not. If they decide in the negative it will be rough on Congress.

Note 1: The above is the first known publication in the "Argus" series of letters and articles from the pen of Charles W. Wandell. His subsequent journalistic offerings became increasingly harsh (and less comic) in their condemnation of Brigham Young and Young's fellow leaders in the LDS Church.

Note 2: Unfortunately Mr. Wandell's series of articles seems to have gone largely unnoticed among the reading public. Except for a few regional journals (Carson City Register, Reese River Reveille, Salt Lake Tribune, etc.), the American press found nothing of interest in the reporting and did not bother to publish any contemporary reprints. Belatedly, in its issue for Aug. 19, 1871, Deer Lodge New Northwest offered a few complimentary words: "Argus is contributing a series of ably written communications to the Corinne Reporter, giving an account of the 'Reign of Terror' in Utah. The articles discover in intimate acquaintance of 'Argus' with events which transpired in Utah in the early days, and are creating much disturbance in the Mormon camp."

Note 3: At about this time (and probably in this issue) the Reporter offered this observation: "Nearly every train bound East takes hence a large number of Mormons, missionaries they call themselves, but we should call them mysteriousaries. Something is wrong in Zion, sure. Never was so many allowed to leave the realm at any one time befpre. To be sure there are a great many going back to their former homes and friends, but there is a still larger number going for some other purpose. Our advice to our Eastern brethern is to keep a sharp look­out for this class of people, also for your wives, daughters and valuables."

Vol. ?                                         Corinne,  U. T., Saturday,  January 22, 1870.                                        No. ?

Many were the rumors circulated yesterday in regard to the hostile attitude of our Mormon brethren on every side. Some said they were confident of an early attack being made upon our city if the Cullom bill passes, in which case, of course, it would be razed to the ground by the enraged polygamists, without warning or without mercy. This paper has frequently made mention of the abject helplesness of the Gentile citizens of this Territory, in case anything was done by the Government to offend our fanatic neighbors, who are already frenzied to desperation at the first mention of interfering with their inhuman mode of life. Should the Cullom bill pass, of which there is but little doubt, the most inhuman outrages by those whose peculiar notions and practices are interfered with may not be unlooked for, for they will certainly come. While we would avoid creating any undue alarm which might necessarily retard the best interests of our Territory, we cannot sit idly by and console ourselves upon such promises as a well retained attorney made to his client. When the client, with, tears in his eyes, approached his paid savior and warned him of the extra exertions his enemies were making to hang him, the bland attorney, already well paid and free from harm himself, says: -- "Well, you just let them hang you if they want to. I'll make 'em sweat for it if they do." Now this is just what we don't want. We pay the Government in loyalty and taxes for the protection we ask, and we don't want to wait till after death to have our favors reciprocated. There is danger of a barbarous attack here any day, and it is quite as true there is no protection here for those not of the Mormon faith. Will the Government take the hint?

Since writing the above we are advised of an enthusiastic meeting being held down town, at which a military organization is being perfected for the defense of the city, should the necessity arise. Late news from the adjacent Mormon settlements have evidently aroused the citizens to a realizing sense of the situation, which calls for action. The Government will be petitioned for protection.

Note: At the beginning of 1870 there was widespread fear among the Utah "Gentiles" of Utah, that passage of the Cullom anti-polygamy bill in Congress would result in "blood flowing through the streets" of communities in that Territory. While J. H. Beadle was on his way to Washington, D. C. to testify in support of the proposed legislation, his old associates back in Corinne were having second thoights. The Philadelphia Daily Evening Bulletin of Feb. 4, 1870 noticed this problem and published the following comments: "If any argument was needed, in addition to those already urged against the passage by Congress of a law prohibiting and punishing poygamy, it might be found in the fact that the Gentiles of Utah. are bitterly opposed to such a measure. The editor of the Corinne Reporter -- the leading Gentile paper in the territory declares that if such a bill is passed he believes the enraged Mormons will raze Corinne and other Gentile settlements to the ground, and probably, in their fury massacre most of the inhabitants. We do not think this statement at all exaggerated. Its author has lived in Lake City for many years, and he has proved his courage by waging bitter, ferocious, unrelenting war upon the Mormon Saints in their very stronghold. He knows the character of the people, the infatuation of their devotion to Brighnm Young, the ferocity of their hatred of the Gentiles, and the intensity of their fanaiical devotion to their religion. As an evidence of the fact that he expresses the general apprehension that is felt by the Gentile population; we have reports that these are forming themselves into military organizations for the purpose of defending themselves, their families and their property from the threatened blow."

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Thursday, January 27, 1870.                                            No. ?

Last Monday evening about nine o'clock, Dr. John P. Taggart, United States Assessor for this Territory, was attacked in Salt Lake City by three men, one of whom struck at him with a knife or dagger, evidently determined to take his life at a blow. The cowardly attack took place a few yards from the Doctor's residence, whence he had just emerged, and though the night was quite dark at the time, he fortunately saw the uplifted hand and weapon of the principal assailant in time, to parry the blow with his left arm. Quickly placing himself in an attitude of defense he turned toward the cowardly ruffians, but only to see them retreat in the distance. They had fulfilled the order of the church in making, as they thought, a sure and certain blow at their victim, and then fled to their master with the news. The Doctor received the weapon on his arm, it having passed through his clothing, and left a slight but ugly flesh wound near the wrist. We will not undertake to comment upon the hellish treachery of such acts as the above. It is the grand trait of Mormonism, and palliates itself in the crimson dogma of "blood atonement." In this particular case, however, we will do Brigham Young and his myrmidons the justice to say that they had already given Dr. Taggart frequent notice that it would be for his health to "drive slow" in his duties as Assessor. But the Doctor being a new kind of man for Salt Lake city was not afraid to do his work well. The assessment lately made by him on the so-called church property broke the camel's back. Since then the hounds of Young have been thirsting for the blood of that brave and honest man. The first attempt to take it has been made in true Mormon style. When the next knife will be lifted, or who the victim, are common inquiries in Salt Lake City.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, February 1, 1870.                                              No. ?

...Any present estimate of the number of Gentiles in Utah, is necessarily somewhat conjectural. As they are practically disfranchised, they run no ticket and record no vote; they have but one organized church society, and very few are within reach of that; they have never held a convention en masse, or had an efficient organization to give us any data; and finally, they are scattered over half the Territory, with very imperfect understanding or communication. From the best evidence at hand we estimate roughly as follows:
Corinne - 1,000;
Promontory, Ogden, Uintah, Echo, Wasatch and Bear River - 600;
Salt Lake City - 500;
Camp Douglas - 400;
Bingham, Cottonwood and Rush Valley - 300;
Sevier mining district - 300;
scattering - 400.
Total - 3,500.
Deducting soldiers and U.S. officials, this would leave three thousand citizens. Of the entire number at least two-thirds are voters, nearly all the non-voters being in Corinne and Salt Lake City. With the lowest increase we may reasonably expect in the coming summer, with the least settlement of railroad men absolutely necessary at the Junction, with no increase among the miners, and with little, perhaps very little, help from those of the Josephites, and other recusant Mormons who dare say their souls are their own, the Liberals ought to cast a vote of at least four thousand at the coming August election. They will do so, if a proper organization is effected....

[The Godbeites seek a] limited monarchical form of religion...

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Thursday, February 3, 1870.                                              No. ?

The Grammer School of St. Mark's Associate Mission, the first Gentile school in Utah, was opened in July 1867, by Rev. Thomas W. Haskins and Miss Foote, sister of the minister, with 16 scholars. The Mormon leaders forbade their people to allow their children to attend, but the attraction of free tuition prevailed with many; the school has steadily increased both in numbers and scholarship, till it has now 140 pupils, and is compelled to refuse all others until enlarged accomodations can be secured. From first to last 400 children have been instructed in the school. A fixed rate of tuition is charged, but all unable to pay are received as free pupils, of whom there are 60 in the school. This is the nearest approach to a free school in Utah. As yet there is no Christian church edifice erected in Salt Lake City.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, February 8, 1870.                                              No. ?

Our adjacent neighbors, that the anti-polygamy bill of Cullom most affects, threaten to destroy the last thing visible on the fair bosom of our adopted Territory should said bill pass. These threats are causing no little alarm among our citizens and those not of the barbarous faith throughout the Territory. His Excellency the Acting Governor of Utah has been applied to for the protection of the Gentile interests of this portion, but says he can do nothing for us. How is this? What does the General Government maintain a Federal Executive for? Is it not to protect the interests of the Government and those that could not be otherwise protected? "Self-preservation is the first law of nature," and if we cannot obtain that sympathy and assistance from the Executive that the situation demands, we shall have to resort to that primitive mode of self-preservation guaranteed to all mankind, regardless of "red tape" or other superfluities. The Mormons swear by all that is powerful that the Cullom bill shall not pass, if they can prevent it, but should it do so they will have revenge on the nearest, first and every Gentile they meet in Utah. These are strong threats and of a nature, considering the Mormons past threats and deeds, to put us on our guard. It is high time, at least for us, to prepare for a proper defense of our rights and interests. These threatening people are ignorant and fanatical, and we doubt not will do what they say.

Note 1: The publication date of the above item has not yet been verified. It may have been in the Feb. 5th issue.

Note 2: On Feb. 9th the San Francisco Alta California reported the following: "The Corinne Battalion, the only Gentile volunteer military organization in Utah, [will] hold their first meeting in this city to-night, for drill. This Company is of recent formation, and has not yet been armed. The Government authorities have agreed to furnish arms as soon as the Battalion is thoroughly organized and officered."

Vol. I.                                               Corinne, U. T., Saturday, February 26?, 1870.                                              No. ?

Washington, D. C., February 13, 1870.            
...The President has promised to thoroughly execute whatever bill is passed. I talked with Shaffer last night (February 12th): The President had just promised to fully sustain him, but thought it would take 10,000 men. Shaffer says he needs but a few hundred, if he can have arms and authority to call for volunteers at Corinne and from Idaho, etc. But there is one difficulty yet. The Senate Committee tell me there are four important bills now before the Senate, which will occupy at least one week each; so this one cannot be reached till about March 20th. * * * The Treasury Department officials swear they will sustain Dr. Taggart in his efforts to collect the revenue...

While at the Junction last Saturday evening, we witnessed a little affair that seemed to us uncalled for, the stretching of authority, and altogether reprehensible. Just after the arrival of the Union Pacific Company's passenger express, we noticed an unusual commotion, accompanied by apparently excited French execration in no measured terms. We hurried to the scene of commotion, near the platform of one of the Central Pacific Company's silver palaces, and to our great surprise learned that the world-renowned prestidigitateur Herrmann had come to grief in a manner quite foreign to what might have been expected. Mr. Herrmann, in changing cars, insisted upon violating one of the Central Pacific Company's particular rules as to carrying packages or baggage of any description whatever into the palace or passenger cars. Mr. McCabe, in charge of the car, remonstrated with the great magician, explained his duty, the rules of the company, and his orders, but all apparently to no purpose. The wizard maintained he knew his rights; that he had paid six or eight hundred dollars for them in Omaha, and he would have them at all hazards. The Professor pressed on. The car man stood firm. A war of words ensued. Bang went a lantern; jingling went the pieces; down went the Professor with a fearful gash over the forehead, and the blood flying in every direction. The showman was accompanied by several friends and servants of decidedly French proclivities, who immediately assumed the irritable, excitable attitude of French belligerency, when Messrs. Campbell and Edwards arrived at the scene, took the Professor in charge, and had him well cared for, and fixed things up all around, with their usual celerity and good judgment. The whole disturbance occurred about a small bag or valise that the Professor insisted upon carrying into the passenger car with him.

Note: The date of the above Reporter articles has not yet been verified.

Vol. I.                                             Corinne, U. T., Thursday, March 24, 1870.                                              No. ?

(under construction)

Note: A telegraphic dispatch from Corinne, dated March 23d, reported: "There is considerable excitement here to-night caused by intelligence received from Washington to the effect that theCullom bill had passed the House to-day with the omission of several sections not materially affecting the bill."

Vol. I.                                                   Corinne, U. T., Saturday, March 26, 1870.                                                  No. ?

On the 25th the citizens of Corinne celebrated in grand style the first anniversary of the founding of their city.

George Millers pack train is in town preparing to start northward with a load by the end of this month.

Tingley's extensive pack train will arrive here this week to load out with 40,000 pounds of merchandise from Creighton & Munro. The goods go to Idaho City.

The mail contracts have been awarded to our enterprising fellow citizens, Messrs. Gilmer and Salisbury. The mails for all parts of Montana and Idaho are to be carried out from Corinne, all other routes and proposed routes having been rejected by the Postoffice Department. The stages of G. & S. leave here daily with U. S. Mails and overland express for Virginia City, Helena, etc., and from no other point on the Pacific Railway.

The daily Corinne, Idaho, and Montana coaches run regularly. Travel has increased to such an extent here that the proprietors Gilmer & Salisbury, are about to send out double runs every day.

About fifty Chinamen landed in our city yesterday, destined for Montana. We understand these are to be followed by about five hundred more who will soon arrive here.

We notice that Dr. Sam. Langhorne, of this city, was on yesterday packing up his stock of drugs and medicines with a view to removing to Bozeman city, where he intends opening a first class establishment.

Note: The publication date of these Reporter articles has not yet been verified.

Vol. I.                                                   Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, March 29, 1870.                                                  No. ?

Freighting to the North has already commenced on an immense scale. Long lines of wagons are moving out to various portions of Utah, Idaho and Montana. The supplies for the army posts are also arriving, and will aggregate through the summer not less than 30,000 pounds. Corinne has become an important trading and forwarding place. California merchants and manufacturers begin to recognize this fact, and are now establishing agencies there. Among those already announced are the Kimball Wagon and Carriage Company, and the California Powder Works. It will not be long, probably, before warehouses will be established at Corinne by California firms, as a means of more directly meeting the demand for such products and importations as can be more cheaply obtained on this side of the continent than on the other.

...all the hotels [in Corinne are crowded] with people waiting for the stages to take them northward to the gold fields...

Note 1: The date of the freighting news item has not been verified. It may have appeared in the March 31st issue.

Note 2: On March 28th the following telegraphic dispatch went out from Corinne (courtesy of the Reporter): "A mass meeting of the citizens of Corinne last evening adopted resolutions rejoicing over the passage of the Cullom bill, thanking Messrs. Cullom, Butler, Ward Logan, and others for their support of the bill, and praying the Senate to pass it without delay, denouncing polygamy as now existing in Utah as barbarous and a crime against law and the morality of the age." -- Unhappily, for the Corinne people, however, the Senate failed to pass the bill.

Vol. ?                                                Corinne, U. T., Saturday, April 16, 1870.                                                No. ?

Orders have been issued for a grand change all around of the troops on the plains and in the mountains early in May. Corinne is the "turning stake" this spring sure. All the troops at Salt Lake, Bridger, Fort Steele, and some minor points on the U. P. R. R. are ordered to be at Corinne on the 30th inst. Others from Idaho and Montana will probably be ordered there within the next thirty days.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. ?                                                Corinne, U. T., Thursday, April 21, 1870.                                                No. ?

For two weeks past the Mormons of Cache and Bear River Valleys have been buying every gun they could obtain in this city, one firm alone having sold them seventy-four guns and taken an order for thirty more, to be ordered by telegraph, and delivered as soon as forwarded, last week. The Mormons have purchased 16,000 cartridges in Corinne, and this week so far the trade is more lively. The reasons given by them for this general arming is, that there is danger of Indian troubles in the outer settlements. In this connection it also refers to the fact that there are over 600 Indians encamped within a mile of Corinne, among them not less than 200 warriors, and when questioned they gave various and conflicting reasons for being here. * * * It may be that all these signs mean nothing; that we will be voted sensational for thus referring to them, find that the scent of blood in the air by some of our citizens is the result of nervousness. But it may be well to remember that we have to deal with a people who are not governed by the ordinary dictates of reason, and who are firmly persuaded that the Lord will fight their battles, and make them his instruments to smite the Gentiles.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. ?                                                Corinne, U. T., Saturday, April 23, 1870.                                                No. ?

The hillsides beyond our city, which have hitherto been admired only as a part of the grand panoramic view around Corinne, are to be henceforth the scene of active operations in mining. The impression has long existed that in the mountain ranges around this valley rich deposits of the precious metals lay hidden from view. Travelers who passed over the route to California many years ago were in the habit of pronouncing the Wahsatch hills the seat of undoubted mineral wealth, and we have also heard that fine prospects have been discovered in this vicinity, which for good reasons were abandoned at the time. We have ourselves noticed the indications in this vicinity, and have more than once suggested that parties might step over and determine for themselves if we are really located in the heart of a mining region. The great fact, however, is already proven; and while we sat lazily looking across the river and wondering why the mountains were placed six miles away from us, a party of gentlemen from Ogden came and after a few days' prospecting have developed a ledge of silver ore that is likely to exceed in richness any thing ever before seen in Utah or Nevada. This important discovery was made just eight miles northeast of this city, and the claims were filed day before yesterday with Judge Toohy, Recorder of the Corinne Gold And Silver Mining District. The names of the discoverers are S. R. Beebe and George H. Bemis. They have named their mine the Corinne lode, and the following persons have taken up and filed claims of 200 feet each on the ledge: Daniel Jenkins, James Evans, John Rees, D. A. Jenkins, Robert Wilson, Peter McFarland and W. Sagers. Mr. Bemis informs us that on an experimental assay of the ore taken out by him, the result showed a product in silver of $400 to the ton, and he is of opinion that this extraordinary result will continue in the working of the lode. These gentlemen named propose to erect reduction works on the Corinne lode immediately, being fully satisfied that their discovey will bring them immense profits.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. ?                                                Corinne, U. T., Saturday, April 30, 1870.                                                No. ?

The war fever is on the decline in Salt Lake City. It is now decided not to take up arms, but to resist the Cullom bill by purly civil means; to first try the matter in District Court, and then carry it up to the Supreme Court of the United States, which it is hoped, will decide that Congress has no constitutional right to make laws interfering with religious concubinage. We will say in advance that if they gain the case there we shall cheerfully accept the situation and admit that polygamy has a legal right to exist. If the Supreme Court shall decide that local self-government extends to the right to practice polygamy, then law and consistency alike will demand that all laws against it be at once repealed, and Utah forthwith admitted as a State. In that case the Government should cut off the northern degree, through which the railroad runs, annex it to another Territory, and set apart the rest as a Mormon reservation; give due notice that none but Mormon laws are effective therein, and let us try the experiment of having "one State of the Church," one State where the common law of morality and legality is completely reversed. People would then know what to expect; the present condition of uncertainty would be relieved, and Gentiles who venture into a Mormon community would do so at their peril, and with no claim for protection.

A beautiful yatch, to be called the "Queen of Corinne" is being built. It is intended as a pleasure boat for the lake and river.

Sugar pine lumber from Truckeee sells for $70 per thousand, and shingles from the same locality, at $6.50 per thousand.

Yesterday afternoon the body of a man, identified as McBain, was found in the river about two miles above town.

The contract for storing Government freight at this point has been awarded to Creighton & Munro.

The Indians, lately in such force near town, have gone to Brigham City and Ogden.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. ?                                                Corinne, U. T., Tuesday, May 3, 1870.                                                No. ?

The jury summoned by Justice Black to inquire into the case reported in our last issue, heard the evidence of Messrs. Sam Howe, F. Fay, H. G. Lee and others, all of whom identified the body as that of John McBane, who came from the States with Mr. Howe. The post mortem examination by Dr. J. W. Graham developed the facts that the body had been in the water form six to nine days, that the face had been broken by a heavy bloow from some weapon without an edge, and that the deceased had received other blows with the same or a similar weapon. The body was first discovered about one and a half miles above town, and taken out by some of the soldiers there, who brought it into town and promptly notified the authorities. The deceased's pocket-book, containing $39.60, was found in his pantaloons, showing that plunder was not the assassin's object. F. Fay, on examination, stated the following facts: "Have been messing with the deceased ever since last November. We were lately in company with some Mormons, getting out wood from the large canyon seven miles northeast of Corinne. Saw John McBane on last Monday week (18th inst.) when he started from this city to hunt his mules which had strayed. He stated that he would hunt along the mountains, then up to the bridge, then cross over Bear river to the western valley and hunt down the Malad toward Corinne. Never knew of his having serious difficulty with any one; bi=ut he was much disliked by some of the Mormons there, on account of his talking too freely about their people. There is but one man who told me he saw him after he left here. That man's name is ______, a Mormon, and he told me he had seen McBane, who had promised to come back and stop at his (the Mormon's) house that night. Have not seen my informant since. McBane left here a revolver, saddle, several blankets and a pair of harness, etc." The jury returned the following verdict:

"We the jurors chosen to examine into the case of John McBane, who was found dead, floating in the Bear river near Corinne, give as our unanimous opinion that he was foully dealt with and thrown into the river.
"D. R. Short, Foreman,          
      "T. J. Black, J. P."

But there is a strange addition to this tragic story. Several days ago Justice Sewell received a letter from Miss McBane, of Glasgow, Ohio, bearing date of April 14th, four days before the deceased was last seen alive, making inquiries about her brother. She stated that they had not heard from him since last November, and naturally felt anxious as to his safety; but after the conclusion of the letter and signing her name was appended the postscript, "Since writing the above we have heard that he is indeed dead, but can not tell whether the report is trustworthy." About the same time Major Munro received a letter of nearly the same date, from an uncle of the deceased in Michigan, making similar inquiries, and Mr. Sam. Howe received another on the same matter. All of these letters were written a few days before McBane could have been killed! Justice Sewell made full inquiry and learned that McBane was in town only two weeks ago, in good health; he had written to Miss McBane stating that fact, and was on the way to the postoffice with the letter when he encountered the wagon containing the corpse! These are certainly very singular coincidences, pointing somewhat to the fact of premonition. It is sad to think that his family will in all probability receive an answer to their inquiries to the effect that the absent son and brother is alive and well, to be followed soon by the official announcement of his murder. The circumstances of his death we can only conjecture. It has been suggested that he may have found his mules in the possession of another, and that a quarrel may have resulted, leading to his sudden death. This is possible, but not probable. The dislike entertained against him by his Mormon neighbors gives a hint at another cause. As complete an investigation as possible will be made, and if the former theory be correct, it will no doubt be discovered. But if he met his death at the hands of the Mormons, we know all we ever will on the subject.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                                   Corinne, U. T., Saturday, May 14, 1870.                                                  No. ?

Governor  Shaffer.

It is with profound regret that we have to announce the departure of His Excellency, the Governor of Utah, from the Territory, and that the reason of his absence is caused by the serious illness of Mrs. Shaffer at their home in Freeport, Illinois. As the Governor left Salt Lake City in obedience to a telegram urging him to his afflicted family, we still, trust that he will arrive there and find the message summoning him hence was more of alarm from the heart of his gentle wife than otherwise. The sincerest sympathy of all good people in Utah accompanies Governor Shaffer to his great distress, and his early return in the Territory will be looked for with more than friendly anxiety.

As a duty we owe to that good man, as well as to the government of which he is so faithful an officer we feel honored in saying, in the twenty years existance of Utah as Territory, the country has not selected an honester man to execute its laws than Hon. J. Wilson Shaffer. He has only been here about two months, and yet in that short time he has by a wise, pacific and statesmanlike policy corrected many evils under which the whole people were suffering.

In manners meek as Melancthon he called the attention of his federal colleagues to some of the numerous instances wherein the laws were disregarded, and after having carefully criticised prevailing errors, a sound legal knowledge suggested that firm line of conduct which in a few weeks has made his administration of affairs in Utah an honor to the age we live in. Satisfied as to the prerogatives of his office, and interpreting the Organic Act in the clear simplicity of that statute he commenced the work of restoring laws by enforcing it. To this end he ignored the assumptions of all so called officers of the Territory whose positions were in positive usurpation of the functions of the legal officers appointed by the government. Of those so acting in violation of law, and who have hitherto enforced recognition for themselves, were those known as the Attorney General of Utah and the Territorial Marshal -- positions created by the Utah Legislature as an ingenious substitution for the U. S. Attorney and U. S. Marshal. In the same manner the Probate Courts were declared to have jurisdiction co-extensive with the U. S. District Courts both civil and criminal, as well as in chancery and at common law. Under that illegal system the Governor saw at a glance that all power was diverted from the proper authorized channels and federal officers but mere loiterers in Utah. Such in effect has been the humiliating fact for many years, and might have continued indefinitely had not a moral Sampson been sent to govern the Territory.

Govenor Shaffer at once refused to recognize any attorney or marshal of Utah except those holding commissions from the United States, and positively declined any approval of their, appointments. So of the Probate Courts, as holding the jurisdiction assumed by them. As provided in the act of Congress he commissioned the Probate Judges as such, and in the commission of each, over his own signature, designed their duties to be strictly, and only, on probate matters. Thus regarding the duties of his high office he has taken up by the root evils which have made law a burlesque and justice a mere mockery. He vindicates the judicial tribunals of the United States by reminding the Probate Court of Utah that they must not invade, by assumption or encroachment the rights of the federal bench. The judges are sent hither by the highest national authority and their courts, and no other, shall exercise the jurisdiction conferred upon them. Such are among the reforms quietly but firmly effected by Govenor Shaffer in a few days, and there are many more which he had in hand when so suddenly called away but which we devoutly hope he will return to accomplish. To every citizen of Utah, whose fidelity to his country is the higher duty, it is a source of gratification to know that at the head of affairs in this Territory we have the ability and wisdom of such a man. Since writing the foregoing we learn that the U. S. District Court at Salt Lake City has rendered a decison that the Territorial officers above named have no legal right to hold their positions.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. I.                                                   Corinne, U. T., Saturday, May 21, 1870.                                                  No. ?

The falsehood of the Prophet's wealth was sent abroad in a quiet way, by and through the horde of proselyting agents scattered throughout the United States and Europe, and for this purpose: -- When it was decided by the Church to establish a gigantic co-operative institution, with branches extending through the capital city, and to every settlement of the Empire, agents were sent to Chicago, New York. Boston, and Philadelphia, to purchase stocks for the multitude of stores proposed to be opened. The seventy millions romance bad preceded them, and dealers vied with each other as to who should sell the most goods on credit to the Chief of Zion's Co-operative Establishment. Merchandise of every description flowed into the Territory in an endless stream, and the tnousand stores were stocked. "Holiness to the Lord" furnished the trade mark by which all Mormons were ordered to buy. Excommunication from the Church, which is virtually outlawry, was visited upon all who dared to violate the edict by trading with a Gentile. The institution has thus far made no dividends, and the Eastern merchants who sold it goods were sold in return. When they sought the whereabouts of the glittering seventy millions, no part of it could be found.

The next scheme set on foot by the mighty Brigham was to build a few hundred miles of the Union Pacific Railroad. He took large contracts, and it was reported that he had realized immensely from them. His profits may have been large, but be claims to have received little or no money for his work, the greater part of the proceeds going into material for the Utah Central, from Ogden to Salt Lake. When built, Brigham hadn't the means to equip it, nor has he paid the men who did the work of construction.What was done with the funds acquired from the Union Pacific Railroad contract don't appear. He says the Union Pacific Railroad Company still owe him a large balance on the work.

Twenty-two years ago Brigham Young, with a few hundred moneyless but bigoted followers, entered the Salt Lake valley. Their first years were full of toil and suffering. They continued poor up to the arrival of Johnson's army, sent there by Floyd and Buchanan. This expedition put money into their purses, and revived a thousand paying enterprises. Then came the war of rebellion, which was quickly followed by the gold-hunters of Montana and Idaho. For the first time since their lodgement in the valley, the Mormons began to prosper, and Brigham to grow rich under these promising combinations. Thus it is seen that he must have made his seventy millions, or the major part of it, if at all, since 1862. Out of the funds thus acquired he has been compelled to keep a number of missionaries in the field, at home and abroad, and pay out large sums for the expense of getting foreign sheep in the fold. His tithings cannot be over a hundred and fifty thousand per annum, and we doubt if they are that much. His foreign deposits cannot be large, possibly a million or two, but he has a tight grasp on estates, goods and effects of his subject which may amount to thirty or forty millions -- certainly not more. Salt Lake City, to-day, though four times as large, is not so expensively built as Denver. The buildings are all adobe, and most of them are of the cheaper kind. A few on Temple street, the main thoroughfore, present an imposing appearance, but they are built of concrete or adobe and stuccoed off into square blocks to represent cut stone.

Take away the forest of shade trees, and the town would have no attractions whatever. If, with these facts in view, the world can figure out where Brigham's seventy millions came from, it must find sharp mathematicians, and get deeper into the archives of Mormondom than we have been able to do.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II                                                Corinne, U. T., Thursday, June 2, 1870.                                                No. 1.

With this issue we commence the publication of a daily paper...

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                                Corinne, U. T., Friday, June 10, 1870.                                                No. 8


The Discovery of the Outlet of Great Salt Lake.

To-day we give the facts as we have them relative to the discovery of a subterranean outlet to Great Salt Lake. This inland sea, the brinient of all the waters of the world, which former investigations pronounced as being kept at its level by the action of evaporation, has itself solved the mystery of the mountains. The lofty hills and all the lovely islands have for countless ages found a mirror for their grand maiesty in the bosom of our lake, and its burnished face has been kept bright with the crystal supplies of a thousand streams from out of the roaring canyons, clefts and snowy reservoirs of the Rocky chain. The eye of science has scanned with care the agencies which, it was supposed, held the aqueous wonder in its place, and the Humboldts and Sillimans of two continents saw no escapement for the "Hanging Sea" save through the aerial pathways of the sun. Many years ago the bureau of topography sought to explain the permanent equilibrium of Great Salt Lake, whose thirst absorbs a greater supply of fresh water than Michigan or Erie, but still the reduction was the same. Every trial said its shores were saved from flood by the evaporating power. This is no longer a theory, and never was correct.

One night last week the schooner Pioneer, Captain Hannah, on her voyage from Corinne to Stockton, when at point in the lake between Fremont and Kimball islands, nearly opposite this city, came suddenly in contact with something which the captain thought more solid than water, believing his vessel to have stranded upon rocks. Instead of this, however, the men on the Pioneer discovered that she was in the whirl of a maelstrom, for the vessel immediately revolved as if in a circular current; and the motion was so rapid that the men could scarce stand at their duties.

Captain Hannah being an old sailor, and understanding the danger he was in, at once added sail, and a brisk wind blowing at the time, the craft was, after about half an hour's detention, borne beyond the vortex of the eddy. He informs General Connor, the owner of the schooner, and, from whom we get these interesting facts, that while in the trough of the ugly hole the deck was lower than the water outside the whirlpool, that he owes the safety of the vessel and men to the stiff breeze which fortunately sprang up at the time. The noise of the waters as they descended denoted that some mighty airless cavity below gave strength to suction, and the surging frothy foam above was like the boiling of a mammoth cauldron. That this is the safety valve of Great Salt Lake there seems to be no doubt, and we can reasonably assume that similar openings are numerous on the bottom. The steamer Kate Connor will be ready in two or three days to go on the lake, when the general, accompanied by a party of gentlemen from this city, will go out and examine the maelstrom.

The men of the college and university will again be called to make scientific survey of great discovery; and geologist and chemist will, in the waters of the Utah Mediterranean, find many valuable lessons to impart to student and graduate. How marvellous are nature's works around us!

Note: The presumed opening in the lake turned out to be a fiction.

Vol. ?                                                Corinne, U. T., Saturday, June 11?, 1870.                                                No. ?

HANDSOME HOUSE. -- Painters are now putting the finishing touch on the neat and elegant residence, corner Montana and Ninth streets. The house is built in modern style, with hall, parlors, spacious rooms, closets, pantry, and other apartments suitable to a first-class dwelling. This property belongs to O. J. Hollister, Esq., Collector of Internal Revenue residing here amongst us.

Note: The date of the item above is uncertain -- it may have appeared in the Reporter of June 4th.

Vol. ?                                                Corinne, U. T., Saturday, June 18?, 1870.                                                No. ?

While a party of unarmed men were traveling near Fairview, Utah, on Monday, several shots were fired at them by a band of Indians in ambush. One man was slightly wounded, but the whole party escaped without other injury by fast running.

[This paper nominates] J. H. Beadle [as a candidate] for Gentile delegate to Congress....

Note: The full content of the second item above is uncertain -- there was more than one telegraphic report regarding Beadle dispatched at about the time and printed in the daily or weekly Reporter. For the next several days the paper advertised: "J. H. Beadle, the Gentile candidate for Delegate to Congress." J. H. Beadle withdrew his candidacy at the end of July, however.

Vol. II.                                                Corinne, U. T., Wednesday, June 29, 1870.                                                No. ?

The polygamist, of whatever clan or sect, we look upon as a traitor to the nation...

(under construction)

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. ?                                                Corinne, U. T., Saturday, July 9?, 1870.                                                No. ?

By private advices from Mr. J. G. Methua, husband of the celebrated lyric artiste Madame Scheller, we learn that the Madame and Mr. Drew, brother of the renowned manageress of the Arch street Theater in Philadelphia, are now on a starring tour in California, south of San Francisco, but that they will make a trip across the continent soon, stopping at Corinne, Helena, Salt Lake and Denver. The troupe is meeting with flattering success in Californis. as their well earned reputation deserves. They will arrive in Corinne about the 15th inst.

Note: The date of item above is uncertain -- it may have appeared in the July 16 issue.

Vol. ?                                                   Corinne, U. T., Saturday, July 16, 1870.                                                  No. ?

SNAKE RIVER STAGE LINE. -- Mr. John Eaves has placed a first-class line of stage coaches on the route from Corinne to the Snake river gold mines, to run regularly after this week, the first stage leaving here next Sunday. The distance is one hundred and sixty miles to Dry Creek and Shoshone City, and will be traveled in about twenty-four hours. The running department of this important line of travel will be under the direction of Mr. John L. Pace, one of the safest and most reliable stage men in the country. Through fare to the mines is $15, and there is no doubt but the line will be both an accommodation and a success.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                                Corinne, U. T., Friday, July 29, 1870.                                                No. ?

[...I withdraw my name, and call upon my friends to support Geo. R. Maxwell, liberal candidate, for Delegate to Congress from Utah... BEADLE.]

(under construction)

Note 1: Having lost out with his bid to become the "Gentile" candidate for Utah Territorial Delegate to Congress, J. H. Beadle withdrew his candidacy and temporarily returned to his old editorial duties with the Reporter on August 2nd. However, his second term in the editorial chair of the paper lasted only until the close of the year. By mid-January, 1871, its advertised editor was Dennis J. Toohy.

Note 2: It appears possible that O. D. Huyck may have continued in the proprietorship of the Reporter, even during the second period when Beadle was the professed editor. A news item published in the Deer Lodge New North-west of Nov. 4, 1870 referred to "Mr. O. D. Huyck, editor of the Corinne Reporter" who was then "dangerously ill at Corinne." Huyck was the victim two severe beatings in Corinne during that summer, which seem to have adversely effected his health.

Note 3: A telegraphic dispatch sent out from Corinne on August 2nd said: "The election in this Territory passed off quietly. George B. Maxwell, Gentile candidate for delegate to Congress, received 860 votes in Corinne; Ogden, 200; Wasatch, 180; Kelton, 17; Terrace, 56. A dispatch from Salt Lake places the Liberal vote there at 500. Other points unheard from will probably give 2,000 Liberal votes. Mormon women voted in the neighboring towns; none here.

Vol. II.                                                Corinne, U. T., Thursday, August 4, 1870.                                                No. ?

...[The Chinese workers]... We need large numbers in this Territory.

Notes: (under construction)

Vol. ?                                                   Corinne, U. T., Saturday, August 6, 1870.                                                  No. ?

On Saturday evening our town was visited by the first rain which has fallen for three months. It seemed, since the 1st of May, that the "dry season" of the early years had returned, and that we were again to have summers without a drop of rain. The rain, however, though grateful and welcome, was not much of a surprise; but connected with it was a phenomenon without precedent in this section, unexplained by any of our philosophers, nothing more nor less than a shower of water-lizards. Over all the western part of the town, particularly around the Opera House, they were found in great numbers and of every length from two to eight inches.

In looking over the ground to-day we found a number already quite dried up: and we note with surprise that there is so little substance in them as to leave nothing more than a mere skeleton. The greatest number seem to have fallen on Judge Spicer's premises. His cellar, lately dug, previously dry as a powder-house, contained several inches of water literally alive with these singular creatures. The Judge fished up some forty of the largest ones, and now has them alive in a water-tank near his house, where the curious may inspect them. On examination we found, them to have boneless limbs, and bodies very soft and "mushy;" they are quite lively in the water, but soon gel dry, dull, and inactive when laid out on the ground.

They more nearly resemble the reptile known in the Northwest as the "mud-puppy" than any other we have seen. Their color is a dull brown, with bright spots, and their general make-up in other respects places them in the siredom class. The usual theory of "toad showers" is that the numerous toads seen after a sudden rain were really in the ground and were drawn out by the moisture; but that explanation is cut off in this case by two facts: First. That these are clearly water reptiles and die in a few minutes on dry land. Second. The ground has been so hard and dry that soft bodied reptiles could not have penetrated it.

The walls of Judge Spicer's cellar on Saturday afternoon were as solid almost as a brick wall. Another singular fact is that numbers of the reptiles were found in the rain barrel, where they could not have crawled. One gentleman informs us that he counted two hundred in a small puddle on Colorado street. We noticed the dried remains of one which was seven inches in length, yet would not weigh an ounce. We give merely the facts, and so far are without any theory on the matter. But our local savans are busy, and by to-morrow we shall doubtless have a dozen explanations.

Note: The "shower of salamanders" occurred in Corinne on July 30th, but the location was later confused with Sacramento -- evidently due to an innacurate reprint of the original news item being published in the Sacramento Reporter of August 6th. The date of the above report in the Corinne paper has not yet been verified.

Vol. ?                                                   Corinne, U. T., Saturday, August 13, 1870.                                                  No. ?

By a private letter from Mr. W. L. Russell, dated Salt Lake City, August 10, we learn that Dr. S. B. Merple, who was reported in the Omaha Herald as killed at Bitter Creek on the 30th of July, when his party were attacked there by Indians, has turned up at Virginia City, Montana. C. Penrose, of Jefferson City, Mo., was killed in the fight, but Dr. Merple was thrown from his horse in attempting to rescue Penrose, and captured. The Indians took him across Sweetwater toward the Big Horn Mountains, and on the 1st of August they encamped on the north side of Badwater Creek, about ten miles from Wind River. That night, by a young squaw removing his thongs, he escaped, swam the Wind River and crossed the mountains north of Fremont's Peak. On the 5th he fell in with a party of miners, with whom he came to Virginia City. The Doctor was from Philadelphia, and it is reported there that he was killed with Penrose.

Note: The date of the above report in the Corinne paper has not yet been verified.

Vol. ?                                                   Corinne, U. T., Saturday, August 20, 1870.                                                  No. ?

A reliable friend of ours happening in the vicinity of the tithing office the other day, and having occasion to seek a secluded spot, was suddenly joined, nearby, by a couple of hoary-headed polygamous reprobates who entered into the following conversation within five feet of our informant, when they really thought they had selected a spot outside of human hearing.
First Reprobate -- Brother John, how many women have you got now?

Second Reprobate -- Only four, Brother Sim! How many have you got!

First Reprobate -- I've only got three but am going to take another one soon as I see how my 'talers turn out. John, you kuow that gal, Sarah?

Second Reprobate -- Oh, yes!

First Reprobate -- Well don't you know I think Sarah would answer my purpose right well for a while? She's young and healthy and a good worker, and I'll just go and have her sealed.

Second Reprobate -- But she's most too light, aint she ?

First Reprobate -- That's so, John; she is pretty light. You know I'd just give that spotted heifer if Sarah was twenty pounds heavier?
The Brother of the second part admitted there was full that difference, but advised the brother of the first part to secure Sarah, while he could, at the time [remarking], "she was young yet; and might eventually make the scales kick the required notch." Both reprobates then took their leave of that "shady bower," one advising and the other resolving to make the best of the twenty pounds deficiency. Sarah is represented about fourteen years old a near relative of the covetous old sinner of sixty years. These are called God's people in Salt Lake.

Note: The date of the above report in the Corinne paper has not yet been verified.

Vol. ?                                                   Corinne, U. T., Saturday, August 27, 1870.                                                  No. ?

Malad City, Aug. ?, 1870.            
... Judges Lewis, presiding in court charged the Grand Jury Monday morning to investigate and inquire into all public ofenses and report upon them according to instructions. The court also made his charge of polygamy, and in this, called attention to the fact that under the Statutes of Idaho the crime may be punished by fine or imprisonment upon simple proof of cohabitation, without proof of marriage, as it is required under the United States law of 1862. The Judge said he looked for such an ammendment to the polygamy act, by the last Congress, as would enable the courts to prosecute and punish at the expense of the National Government; and this, by a kind of legal adoption, having become a national crime, the jury might indict or not, as to them seemed best. "The fate of the Cullom bill," said he, "would indicate that the great party, which at one time called the sin of Utah and Idaho a twin relic of barbarism, now seems, through the United States Senate, to be determined upon substituting the harem for the slave pen in the Capital of the Republic." Ergo, it may be as well to let it alone here until we see if the next session will do anything to remedy the evil. "If it do not," said the learned Judge, "then at the next term of this court we shall prosecute every bigamist or polygamist in the county, as we would a murderer or robber, for they are by law in the same category of criminality." This is good talk, and we are sure it will be carried out, for Judge Lewis is a rare exception to the mountain Judiciary, which the powers that be commonly select from the political fungi of the States east of us. The Grand Jury, being in part composed of Brigham's followers, made sure to take advantage of the proposed respite, though the next court will terminate their least of concupiscence.

Information reached us yesterday evening of a dastardly and most indecent outrage perpetrated by the secret police of Salt Lake, upon T. B. H. Stenhouse, formerly editor of the Telegraph, and his estimable lady. From several different sources the statement is substantially the same: That Mr. and Mrs. Stenhouse were out walking on Saturday evening, when they were suddenly seized from behind by four men in disguise, gagged and bound, before they could give an alarm. They were with violent treatment dragged into an unfrequented lot, and there literally daubed from head to foot with filth of the vilest possible description. After this rough handling they were mercifully permitted to escape with their lives, and made their way home in a truly loathsome condition. Three years ago their dead bodies would have been found next day "on the bench." We ought to be thankful that Brigham's "Danites" have become so merciful. But what shall be said of a people and a Church who would countenance such an outrage upon a woman? No; the word woman is too mild in speaking of her -- a lady of most exalted virtues, one against whom the tongue of slander has never wagged in all the ten thousand scandals and petty intrigues of that modern Sodom; one whom scores of visitors to Salt Lake have had occasion to praise, and whose hospitable graces were made known even in Europe by the pens of Remy and Burton. Could such an action have been perpetrated by any but Mormons? The meanest man that ever struck the Union Pacific Railroad would never have so abused a woman. It was reserved for Salt Lake, in this as in scores of other cases, to outrage nature even in her vices, and make the demon of mere brutality pale before the demon of Brighamism. We have no particular cause for friendship with Mr. Stenhouse; but when a man has spent the best years of his life working for an institution, any other people than the Mormons would have at least forgiven what they considered his later errors. But as to the lady, language is too weak to express our utmost destestation of such an act, but it is only another drop in that cup which the Brighamites are hastening to fill up, another particle added to that tribulation and wrath they are heaping up for themselves.

Note 1: The attack upon the Stenhouses occurred on Saturday, Aug. 20th, and news of it reached the Reporter office the following Monday or Tuesday. The article in the Saturday Reporter was a reprint from an original published earlier in the week.

Note 2: The Mormon-operated Salt Lake Herald condemned the assault upon the Stenhouses in an article published in that paper on August 23rd, saying: "Whatever family or personal difficulties may have led to the outrage stated, it is nonetheless an attack on the good name of a quiet, peaceable city; and we sincerely trust the perpetrators may be speedily discovered and brought to justice." -- The Herald editors hinted that the act was a Stenhouse family matter (he was in the process of discarding plural wives) and thus tried to side-step the question of how the Mormon police could have allowed such a scene to occur in their "quiet, peaceable city." No report of Stenhouse's excommunication or of his despised new apostate status were mentioned, of course; but at least the Herald did not attempt to fix the blame on the "wicked Gentiles" of the territory.

Vol. II.                                                Corinne, U. T., Saturday, September 3, 1870.                                                No. ?

Last evening one hundred and twenty soldiers reached this place on their way to Fort Ellis, Montana. They left the barracks at Carlyle, Penn., ten days ago.... The city officials of Salt Lake, concerned in the breaking up of Englebrechts & Co's liquor establishment, have again been arrested on civil suit instituted by that firm and held in bonds for the sum of a little over $70,000.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. ?                                                Corinne, U. T., Thursday, September 8, 1870.                                                No. ?

Reports reach us of the discovery of very rich gold mines in the District known as Cariboo, in Wyoming Territory. The precious metal is said to be in the form of free gold, and the richest location is about 70 miles east of Soda Springs, and near the head waters of Green River. A party is going from this neighborhood and we shall probably have authentic intelligence in a few days.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                                Corinne, U. T., Monday, September 12, 1870.                                                No. ?



Salt Lake City, Sept. 10, 1870.    
Sir: My apology for delaying the writing of this, my second letter to you so long is poverty. A wretched pecuniary condition brought upon me by your peculiar and avowed policy of keeping your followers poor, lest like Jeshuron, they should "wax fat and kickick." When I reflect back upon the days of my youth, and consider the respectability of my relatives, my education and fair prospects in life, and consider the following years which should have been devoted to the realization of some, at least, of the nobler ambitions of life, but which, alas, have been spent (for a long time past unwillingly) in bolstering up the baseless fabric of your supposititious kingdom, and, passing to the present, find myself compelled to labor to earn a bare support for myself and the two sets of children entailed upon me by your Mormonism, I can only feel for you the most unkind of feelings. Indeed, sir, believe me when I say, when my sympathies for you are realized, you will have a bright and shining mansion in that eternal abode where mackinaw blankets are at a big discount.

Resuming the thread of my discourse at the point, in my last letter, where I dropped you without ceremony, and with the extreme of loathing I will say, that you imposed your pseudo convention and mockery of an election upon Congress and the Government, and although you did not get the "State of Deseret," you did get the Territory of Utah, with yourself as Governor and Superintendent of Indian Affairs. Here, for the first time, you had bestowed upon you legal, extensive, civil powers, which added to your assumed Presidency of the Mormon Church, made your authority in Utah over both the white and the red man undeniable and absolute. No man in America, since the days of William Penn, had had so excellent an opportunity to demonstrate the rare qualities of statesmanship, a true piety, and above all -- honesty. The whites attached to you by a common faith and hope, and the Indians to receive from you their first impressions of the race which was to control their destiny. How did you discharge the high responsibilities then resting upon you? Let us see. As Superintendent of Indian Affairs, the Government of the United States expected you to fully impress upon the red man just and truthful ideas of the Government -- its power, its justice, its peaceful policy, and its beneficence. As its almoner it expected you to wisely and honestly dispense to them the thousands of its unstinted bounties, and to pursue that policy that would make the Indian feel that the Government was his Great Father, and Americans his brothers. It must be admitted that in no State or Territory was the Indian ever so liberally treated as in Utah during your superintendency, but it was the people and not you who administered this liberality. You had instructed them so to do. There are to-day many in the Territory who, during that period, many a time divided their last biscuit with those savage wards of the Government, giving in the aggregate, out of their own scanty meal bags, thousands of that which you had sworn to give; but that was a "Gentile oath," and, by Utah inspiration, not binding on a Mormon conscience. I do not wish it understood that you gave nothing of the Government bounty to the Indians. Had you done so, you would have been more consistent with your general course in other things. But when you did deal out, the ideas with which you imposed the head chief, Walker, and the Utes generally, concerning the American Government and people, would have sent any other Superintendent of Indian Affairs to State’s prison for life. But when did you ever do an honest thing? You got up an immigration scheme, with yourself as its financial agent, through which you lapped up untold thousands of the hard earnings of the poor; you "appropriated" additional thousands of like hard earnings on railroad contracts. So it has ever been; and if you made the people feed and clothe the Indians while you kept the Government gratuities, it was precisely what might have been expected of you, and, in the diction you delight in, it simply showed the chronic propensity within you to swindle and to steal. But the financial history of your superintendency was the least criminal part of it. It was the sentiments you impressed upon the Indian mind that should crush you with the execrations of all honest men, and sink you to the lowest depths of infamy. You impressed the Indians fully that the Americans and Mormons were two distinct and separate peoples; and every bishop in Utah, and every elder, priest, teacher and deacon were expected to, and in the main did, re-echo to the Indians that damnable proposition. You used the Indian goods, what you did use of them, to magnify your own importance among the red men. It was the "peeup capitan Brigham" that gave this and gave that; and I doubt whether during your entire administration a single Indian recipient at your hands of Government presents, had the slightest idea that the United States had anything to do with it. During that same superintendency, the Indians were taught that they and the Mormons were and ought to be friends and brothers, and that the Americans were the natural enemies of both.

In those days, the ideas of a bright galaxy of States environing Utah, and trans-continental railroads passing near Salt Lake City, had not entered your extremely prophetic mind, and your consummate statesmanship had not comprehended the tithe of the tithe of the power of the United States; and considering the time near (a weakness common to your kind of prophets) when Utah would be transformed into the independent "kingdom of god," and acknowledged as such by the nations, you taught these same Indians to prepare for hostilities against the United States. They were to be the “battle-axe of the Lord” to lay waste the Eastern States, to “tear down, break in pieces, and there should be none to deliver.” This treasonable teaching was common throughout the Territory, and for which you were altogether responsible. The folly of such teachings was bad enough, but their criminality was most damning, and when your position under the Government is taken in connection therewith, “perfidious” is an inadequate adjective to prefix to your cursed name, and a gallows too respectable a structure from which to suspend your effete and used-up carcass. You had determined to form the closest possible alliance with the Indian tribes around you, and to this end intermarriage was "counselled," and was not long in taking practical shape; and Walker, poor innocent soul, supposing that he was on a perfect equality with his Mormon brothers, demanded a white squaw to help fill up his wick-e-up; but he died very suddenly by devouring, as is supposed, an innocent bowl of bread and milk! It cannot be truthfully denied that more or less of the murders and massacres on the Old Overland Road from Bitter Creek on the east to Gravelly Ford on the west, between the years 1849 and 1858, were mainly due to the kind of teaching above referred to, for you had numerous missionaries among the Indians preparing them for the great expected conflict, and in those little massacres and passages at arms the “battle axes” were just getting their hand in. The killing of that unoffending yet gentlemanly officer, Captain Gunnison, was directly due to such teachings, if, indeed, that cowardly assassination was committed by Indians; therefore, for that shedding of innocent blood you were responsible, and at the time of that awful massacre at the Mountain Meadows, the Indians were called out in common with the Mormons to do that bloody deed, but to the honor of the savages be it known, that they refused to participate in that wholesale murder after the surrender; even Mormons shrunk back and refused to obey J. D. Lee’s orders, until he made them a speech declaring that he was acting under your "counsel" in that affair, and even then, although the Mormons felt compelled to obey your commands, "even to the shedding of blood," and did so, even to the "wiping out" of that ill-fated company, the Indians stood back amazed, without firing a gun or shooting an arrow. To first disarm men by lying promises of life and protection, and then deliberately slaughter an entire company of unoffending men, women and children, was more than even savages could do. At that time you had assumed, and had unquestioned control of the issues of life and death over the whole of old Utah, reaching from Bridger’s Pass to the Sierra Nevadas, and from Bear River to the Rio Virgen; and you exercised that control without hesitation or stint; indeed, you appeared to have no more scruples of conscience in causing the murder of any one considered by you as an enemy, or that might become such, than you would to cut off a chicken’s head. Your rule in all things in Utah, at that time, was despotic beyond example or precedent. No man knew this better than that same John D. Lee, and with such knowledge, for him to have acted as demon-in-chief in that most sanguinary, merciless and inhuman of all your crimsoned felonies, citing you there and then as his authority for so doing, was impossible. I expect to renew my courtesies to you at my earliest convenience.
Salt Lake City, Sept. 10, 1870.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. ?                                                Corinne, U. T., Saturday, October 8?, 1870.                                                No. ?

Joaquin Miller.

This genius and scion of the melancholy muse was a passenger on the express going east from here this morning. A glimpse at him, accoutred in tangled, unkempt hair, and habiliments of feudal cut, to say nothing of his general get-up, upsets many of the romantic notions which we have enjoyed concerning him and his disjointed glory. How such mortal ugliness could be found to flox with the sweetness of poesy, puzzles the will, and makes us wish that we had escaped the excrutiating agony of looking upon the self-rising rhymester. We hope never to look upon himself or his like again. Goodby. Go East and ride your Pegasus through the cornfields. From and after this date we'll write our own poetry.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. ?                                                Corinne, U. T., Saturday, October 29?, 1870.                                                No. ?

A  Ride  with  the  Spirits.

The freight train which arrived hereto on Tuesday evening from Omaha, had one car which was locked and sealed in that city and billed for Corinne. It was nearly filled with casks of whiskey, but on being opened the factotem of the Central Pacific was not a little astonished to discover that a human passenger had somehow imprisoned himself in the intoxicating cargo, and was there found prostrate over a barrel with his lips kissing a leaking bunghole. Enquiry in a moment discovered the fact that the deadhead was a late importation from Sweden, and of concupiscense and prophecy. He was, he said, from Stockholm, and when he reached the Missouri River, had none of the Church funds to defray his expenses to Zion. In that plight, and not knowing the difference between the spirits of Brigham and Bourbon, the regenerated countryman of Henny Lind took passage in the car load of Kentucky phantoms. -- For five days, without food, the expatriated subject of Bernedotte traveled in what he thought was the society of translated Saints, and when taken out of the portable elysium, midway betwixt starvation and delirum tremenus, the Swedish convert ejaculated: "Hic Brigham, hic Utah, hic whiskey." The spirit of Joe Smith is too much for the railroad.

Note: The date of publication for the above item has not yet been verified.

Vol. II.                                                Corinne, U. T., Monday, October 31, 1870.                                                No. ?

By telegraph in another column it will be seen that his Excellency J. Wilson Shaffer, Governor of this Territory, died early this morning. This sad intelligence was not altogether unexpected. Since his first arrival in Utah it has been apparent to all his friends that consumption had marked him for his victim: and though his health appeared to improve in the early summer, it was but a deluding phase of that flattering disease. His estimable lady died soon after he assumed the duties of his office here, and on his return from the last sad offices of affection, it was too evident that a few months would suffice to reunite them. Of deceased's family we know but little; his brother and two children have been with him at Salt Lake City for some time before his death. But ten months have elapsed since Governor Shaffer first received his appointment, and but six since he arrived and entered upon his duties; yet in that short space of time he has become endeared to the loyal people of Utah, and his brief administration fills the brightest page thus far in her history. He was at once firm and conciliatory, and while all who approached him personally could have none but the kindest feelings toward him, he yet knew the rights and duties of his position, and was unyielding in his determination to uphold and perform them. Being human he probably made some mistakes; but suffice it to say that we never saw a Governor who made so few, or whose administration gave such general satiafaction. He was taken away at a time when his course had secured the respect of all parties; and we can but consider his death, not merely a loss to his family and friends, but a calamity to the Territory and to the public service. To the orphan children and relatives, we can only tender our sincere sympathy.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. II.                                                Corinne, U. T., Saturday, November 5, 1870.                                                No. ?


Salt Lake City, Nov. 2, 1870.    
Sir: For the third time I sit down to address you. In my last, I reminded you of a few items in the history of your administration as Superintendent of Indian Affairs; in this I propose to review some of the stronger points in your course as Governor of Utah. In accepting, you (by that act) acknowledged the rightful jurisdiction of the United States over the Territory of Utah, and your own absolute and unqualified allegiance to the same. You, by that acceptance, assured the [Government] of your readiness to perform to the full, the sum of your duties as an officer in high and responsible trust, as a true and loyal American citizens should do. It was a tacit pledge to the Government that its faith, its policy, its honor and its truth should be yours; and that your administration should be conducted with an eye single to its interests and fair fame. You were bound, your honor was bound, nay, you were solemnly sworn to all these, (I think I see your scornful "pshaw! that was only a d__d Gentile oath,") and to every obligation resting upon you as a public officer.

In due course the Legislature met -- the first Legislature of the Territory of Utah. The members were of your own choosing -- men willing "to do as they were told," who, in the mutual idiosyncrasy inseparable from and consequent upon a long acquiescence in your favorite dogma of "Obedience to counsel," were exactly fitted to form a Legislative body that was to entertain no proposition not made by you, that was to enact no law that had not first been gotten up and approved by you as President of a religious (?) body; and that was to pass all bills emanating from your (tithing) office without objection or serious debate. But lest some of those erudite and sage law makers should not understand their position, and yours, you called them together and made them a speech, in which you gave them very clearly to understand that you were, and were to be the all-in-all, and that the Legislature was to be a preciously small affair. That the sum of all the proceedings, from the sham Convention to the Organic Act, was merely a tub thrown to the whale to arouse and misdirect him. -- Uncle Sam was held by you to be rather an indifferent whale, at that time. -- You held your position as Governor of Utah to be of the least possible consequence, but your "priesthood," (heaven save the mark!) you regarded as the source of all real power in the Territory. In plain English, your kingdom and dynasty, yclept "The State of Deseret," was the power to be obeyed in reality, while the Territorial Government would mislead Uncle Sam, until you got strong enough to declare your independence. Thus was the United States made to be
"The fruitful, tho' reluctant tree
On which the gnarled lie adnascent grew."
You wanted no laws, no written statutes; you wanted only the "living oracles," which were simply the ipse dixit of Brigham Young, to rule the people of Deseret. It is needless to say that you got the legislators all right, and you were prepared to go to work. You had a difficult game to play; blowing hot and cold with each alternate breath, delivering a flaming and loyal message to the Legislature, and knocking the whole into a cocked hat, in the old "Bowery," before the public congregation, appearing at Washington as a faithful public servant, and at home as the only Sovereign Lord of Utah, whose word was the only law. One side of you as the loyal citizen of the United States, and the other as the demi-god of Great Salt Lake. It was indeed a difficult game to play; but you were no novice. Double dealing, so habitual with you, stood you in good stead and then, you had excellent help: Jedediah M. Grant, Willard Richardson [sic - Richards], Heber C. Kimball, with the Twelve Apostles, and other worthies of your ilk, stood ready, hat in hand, to put you up to what little of treason and damnation you did not happen to think of. The history of your rule from that time forth was purely dualistic in its character; Deseret was the active, and Utah the passive. The American people understood the latter, as a matter of course; it was altogether in accordance with the genius of free institutions; the former they never comprehended. The peace-loving advocates of and happy participants in the blessings of American free and equal laws could not conceive of such a despotic rule as yours. In this country, where freedom of thought, speech and action are fully guaranteed to all by the Constitution, it could not be believed that an entire community, making one of the Territories of the United States, could so far abnegate self, could so far forego their own individuality as distinct and separate members of a commonwealth as to place in the hands of one man the entire control of governmental affairs. No people ever gave more than that; no despot ever held more, or with a bloodier hand, though that hand might be, when occasion required, covered with a glove of faultless white. Hitherto you had held this power as president of the Mormon people. You still held it as such, and to perpetuate this priestly rule, gave the Probate Judges and Justices of the Peace (who were generally Bishops) to understand that as judicial offices they were nothing but as bishops, they were "judges in Zion," whose jurisdiction was unwritten, undefined; limited by nothing but your pleasure. All Utah, from yourself down, acted, or appeared to act, in accordance with such instructions, and upon that "policy," and it need not be difficult to understand how empty and hollow was your administration as Governor of Utah, and what a complete burlesque it was upon all legal rule whatsoever.

But let us look at some of your legislation. You got up an act punishing adultery with extraordinary severity. This was for two reasons: to scare off strangers, and to give you a reputation abroad for a superior degree of virtue; yet at the very time you had that law enacted you, yourself, were not only a wholesale adulterer, but a woman stealer. You stole Mrs. Cobb, the wife of a respectable merchant of Boston, and was living with her when that law was passed. You stole a certain Mrs. Smith, wife to one of your followers, nay, you worse than stole her, for the unsuspecting husband for years had no idea that his wife was only his apparently, and that your virtuous system of sealing was making her do as Gentile strumpets do. But why should I particularize when you had stolen women domiciled all over Salt Lake City, and you, so exceedingly virtuous abroad, in the preacher’s stand, and in the statute book. Your statute, however, was made for the benefit of Gentiles, and not Mormons, and is only one of the many instances of class legislation which occur in the laws of Utah. But while I am discussing this particular statute, permit me to call your attention to another fact which shows exactly the position which the soul of Brigham Young occupied at that time, not only upon the general question of Christian ethics, but also upon the particular sentiments of virtue between the sexes. I refer to the "proxy system." You had declared before the public congregation that "one man born and brought up among the Mormons, was worth a dozen immigrant Saints, bringing with them their Gentile traditions," as you term Christian ideas; also, you were anxious to increase the population of Utah for treasonable purpose; also, you annually sent abroad a strong corps of missionaries, many of whom left wives and "spirituals" at home. Your missionaries are usually absent three years. The average number of grass widows thus left in Utah is about three hundred. Now to carry out your policy of populating the "kingdom," the "proxy system" was introduced; and although you would have sent a Gentile to the penitentiary for twenty years for committing adultery with a Mormon woman, you would at the same time applaud these wives of the missionaries for bearing children by the Mormon priesthood in their husband’s absence. No, sir, notwithstanding all your loud prating of sexual purity, and your severe statutory prohibition it is clear that the marriage vow, made even over your own altar, is regarded by you as nothing. It is as clear as the noon-day sun that chastity, virtue, and all the pure and loveable instincts of woman’s nature must be crushed out in your dominions when they are supposed to contravene your unholy lusts and treasonable ambition. While I am upon this subject, I shall "say my say" about it, so in my next letter look out for the most earnest effort of

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. ?                                                Corinne, U. T., Saturday, November 12, 1870.                                                No. ?

[Yesterday morning] a startling rumor spread through the city that the express car on the Central Pacific had been robbed of sums variously stated at from ten to a hundred thousand dollars. Later and more authentic dispatches brought the particulars of two robberies of the same train. The first occurred on the night of the 4th instant, near Verdi Nevada, and the second the next night near Peoquop, a small station not far from Humboldt Wells. On the first occasion the robbers uncoupled the express and baggage cars from the passenger train, and took possession of them after they had progressed some distance. The messenger of Wells, Fargo & Co., had barricaded the door of the express car, but being alone within, was compelled to reopen it, and the entire contents were rifled in a few minutes. Forty-eight thousand dollars were taken from the treasure-chest, mostly in coin; part of the robbers standing with levelled guns while the others did the work. On the next evening the train was flagged near Peoquop, and the moment it stopped two men jumped up on the locomotive and several more on the express car, with pistols pointed at the employees; they then uncoupled as before from the passenger train, and ran the express and baggage car some five miles. There they put off the messenger and agent, but compelled the engineer to run five miles further, when they stopped and completed the robbery, obtaining this time some $3,000. Ten persons were seen engaged in the first robbery and six in the last. It is not known what amount was taken from the mail car. Wells, Fargo & Co. offered a reward of $2,500 for the arrest and conviction of the robbers, or any of them, and the same for the recovery of the treasure, or proportionately for any part of it. The Central Pacific company offer $1,000 each for the arrest and conviction of the robbers. This is certainly the most audacious robbery every perpetrated in the West, if not in the United States, and it is doubtful if the moderate reward offered will induce ordinary thief-takers to attack men as desperate as the robbers have shown themselves to be.

Notes: (forthcoming)

Vol. III.                                                Corinne, U. T., Monday, December 5, 1870.                                                No. 1.

... John Chinaman is perhaps the most useful of all animated nuisances. He works for a song, and starts the star of empire eastward to push labor over the precipice of poverty....

(under construction)

Note: The date of the above news item has not yet been verified.

Back to top of this page

Smith's History Vault   |   Cowdery's Bookshelf   |   Spalding Library   |   Mormon Classics   |   Newspapers

last updated: Apr. 21, 2014